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Pelvic Muscle Floor

H Aydogmus, U S Demirdal
OBJECTIVE: The association of vitamin D deficiency and pelvic floor dysfunction has been examined by numerous studies. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with bladder filling and voiding functions are common in both sexes. A recent study reports a higher incidence of LTUS in men over 50 years old with vitamin D deficiency. The aim of the study is to investigate whether there is a difference in the Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms frequency between women with vitamin D deficiency and the control group or not...
June 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Emily N B Myer, Jennifer L Roem, David A Lovejoy, Melinda G Abernethy, Joan L Blomquist, Victoria L Handa
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge of the effects of time on change in pelvic floor muscle strength after childbirth. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to estimate the change in pelvic floor muscle strength in parous women over time and to identify maternal and obstetric characteristics associated with the rate of change. STUDY DESIGN: This is an IRB approved prospective cohort study of parous women. Participants were recruited 5-10 years after first delivery and followed annually...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Christina Tso, Wah Lee, Tammy Austin-Ketch, Harvey Winkler, Bruce Zitkus
Pelvic organ prolapse is a medical condition that can cause pelvic discomfort as well as urinary and bowel complications. Approximately 25% of women in the United States and roughly 50% of women worldwide develop this condition. Although pelvic organ prolapse is usually a non-life-threatening condition, it can result in decreased self-confidence and negative body image. Physical and emotional sequelae can limit physical activity, and decreased productivity could be a consequence. Evidence from the literature indicates that pessary use and pelvic floor muscle training are effective options when conservative treatment is desired...
June 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
Cássia Colla, Luciana L Paiva, Lia Ferla, Maria J B Trento, Isadora M P de Vargas, Bianca A Dos Santos, Charles F Ferreira, José G L Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess postpartum pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) between vaginal delivery, elective cesarean delivery (ECD), and intrapartum cesarean delivery (ICD). METHODS: The present prospective observational study included women aged at least 18 years with no history of pelvic surgery or lower urinary tract malformation, and who had not undergone pelvic floor muscle (PFM) training in the preceding 12 months, who underwent delivery at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, Brazil between August 1, 2016, and May 31, 2017...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
M Němec, L Horčička, M Dibonová, M Krčmář, I Urbánková, L Krofta, J Feyereisl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to analyse the musculo-fascial component of the pelvic floor in symptomatic group of woman with pelvic organ prolapse before planned vaginal reconstruction using synthetic vaginal mesh. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hospital in Frýdek-Místek; GONA Ltd, Prague; Institute for Care of Mother and Child, Prague; 3rd Faculty of Medicine CHU Prague. METHODOLOGY: The study involved 285 female volunteers (6 nulliparous, all other patients gave birth vaginally at least once) that in the period 2008-2015 before the planned reconstructive vaginal operations have undergone a comprehensive urogynaecology examination supplemented by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pelvic floor...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
Cinara Sacomori, Bary Berghmans, Rob de Bie, Ilse Mesters, Fernando Luiz Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To assess predictors for adherence to a home-based pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) program supplemented with three physical therapy sessions in women with urinary incontinence (UI). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of interventions to enhance self-efficacy with respect to PFME. SETTING: Patients were referred from public primary or secondary care providers in Florianópolis, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Adult women with UI...
June 4, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Agnieszka Radzimińska, Agnieszka Strączyńska, Magdalena Weber-Rajek, Hanna Styczyńska, Katarzyna Strojek, Zuzanna Piekorz
Purpose: The purpose of this review was to assess the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in the treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) in women, with a particular focus on the impact of this form of therapy on the patients' quality of life (QoL). Methods: The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library (articles only in English, 1990-2017). Search terms were as follows: urinary incontinence, pelvic floor muscle training, pelvic floor exercises, quality of life...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Fatemeh Mosalanejad, Ardashir Afrasiabifar, Mohammad Zoladl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the combined effect of pelvic floor muscle exercise and mindfulness on sexual function in women with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: It was a three-arm parallel randomized clinical trial study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: Patients with multiple sclerosis. INTERVENTIONS: Participants in the intervention groups completed an eight-week program consisting of pelvic floor muscle exercise, mindfulness, and pelvic floor muscle exercise along with mindfulness...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Pauline Dewaele, Xavier Deffieux, Anne Villot, Sylvie Billecocq, Gérard Amarenco, Thibault Thubert
AIMS: To explore the impact of body position (sitting vs standing) on voluntary and reflex pelvic floor muscle (PFM) contraction during a mental distraction task (DT). METHODS: Informed consent was obtained from 19 healthy women. The electromyographic (EMG) activity of the external anal sphincter (EAS) was recorded during voluntary and reflex contraction. Reflex contraction of the EAS was induced by means of coughing. The trials were carried out with and without a mental DT (paced auditory serial additional test)...
May 28, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Susan C Slade, Jean Hay-Smith, Sally Mastwyk, Meg E Morris, Helena Frawley
AIMS: The experiences and information needs of clinicians who use pelvic floor muscle training to manage urinary incontinence were explored. METHODS: Qualitative methods were used to conduct thematic analysis of data collected from clinician focus groups and interviews. Participants were registered physiotherapists and continence nurses in Melbourne, Australia. Recruitment was through a combination of purposive and "snowball" sampling and continued until data adequacy was reached...
May 24, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Patricia Wassmer Saeuberli, Anja Schraknepper, Patric Eichelberger, Helena Luginbuehl, Lorenz Radlinger
INTRODUCTION: Complex functional movements such as jumping typically provoke stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women. The aim of this study was to investigate pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activity in young, healthy women during jumps to explore their activity characteristics. METHODS: Surface electromyography (EMG) from PFMs was measured in 16 healthy women with a tripolar vaginal probe during drop landings from heights of 15, 30 and 45 cm (DL 15, 30, 45) as well as during mini-trampolining with a pace of 90 and 75 jumps per minute (MT 90, 75)...
May 24, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Michelle N Han, Tamara Grisales, Aparna Sridhar
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor exercises are effective in improving muscle strength and urinary incontinence symptoms. Increasingly popular mobile applications can be effective in teaching patients these exercises. INTRODUCTION: A mobile application, Bwom© , aims to educate women about pelvic floor exercises with individually tailored plans relevant to the user's risk factors. The objective of this study is to assess the understandability and actionability of Bwom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of patients and providers at an academic medical center...
May 24, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Lina Bykoviene, Raimondas Kubilius, Rosita Aniuliene, Egle Bartuseviciene, Arnoldas Bartusevicius
PURPOSE: To compare effects of transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation (TPTNS) and pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in women with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We randomized 67 women ? 18 years with OAB to three parallel groups: group I (n = 22) received life-style recommendations (LSR) only; group II (n = 24) had LSR + PFMT and group III (n = 21) had LSR + PFMT + TPTNS. Urgency, evaluated by a 3-day voiding diary before treatment and six weeks later, was the main outcome measure...
May 21, 2018: Urology Journal
Levent Yaşar, Serpil Ortakuz Telci, Keziban Doğan, Eyüp Kaya, Murat Ekin
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the role of measuring the thickness of pelvic floor muscles with static MRI in the physiopathology of urinary incontinence in women with stress and mixed types of urinary incontinence diagnosed with urodynamic studies. METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was designed in collaboration with the radiology department. We recruited only patients who had undergone static pelvic MRI to determine the etiology of pelvic pain and exclude gynecologic disorders...
May 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Géraldine Giraudet, Laurent Patrouix, Christian Fontaine, Xavier Demondion, Michel Cosson, Chrystèle Rubod
OBJECTIVE: The anatomy of the perineum and the pelvic diaphragm of woman is complex. A numerical complete three-dimensional (3D) model of every muscle of the woman pelvis doesn't exist. The pathophysiology of genital prolapse is still debated. Knowledge of anatomy is essential to better understand its mechanisms. The aim of this research was to build a complete three-dimensional model of the female perineum and pelvic floor muscles. STUDY DESIGN: To model the pelvic muscles we reconstructed them in three dimensions from tracing a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of a female pelvis from a cadaver...
July 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Cécile de Chaisemartin, Diane Mège, Jean Michel Durey, Hélène Meillat, Jean Robert Delpero, Bernard Lelong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Myong Kim, Myungchan Park, Sahyun Pak, Seung-Kwon Choi, Myungsun Shim, Cheryn Song, Hanjong Ahn
BACKGROUND: The applicability of the sphincter complex integral theory to robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is unclear, with little known about the long-term effect of sphincter complex integrity on continence. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the preoperative anatomical and functional features of the sphincter complex and the degree of nerve-sparing affect long-term continence after RARP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective study of 529 patients who underwent RARP at a single tertiary center...
May 11, 2018: European Urology Focus
K M Sweta, Amrit Godbole, H H Awasthi, Uma Pandey
Background: Pelvic organ prolapse is the growing health issue related to women of the reproductive and postmenopausal age group in India and across the globe. Treatment option for pelvic organ prolapse includes both surgical and non-surgical intervention. The development of pelvic organ prolapse is an indication for major surgery among 20% of all women. Nevertheless, the recurrence of pelvic organ prolapse is detected among 58% of the patient after surgery. This highlights the need for preventive measures for reducing the impact of pelvic organ prolapse...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
Anna Maria Lasak, Marjorie Jean-Michel, Phuong Uyen Le, Roshni Durgam, Jessica Harroche
The purpose of this review is to provide an in-depth overview of the role of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The definition, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of SUI are described. We review the anatomy of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and the importance of pelvic floor muscle strength in maintaining urinary continence and establishing normal voiding function. A brief description of the surgical options currently available for SUI and the existing data regarding the role of perioperative PFMT for SUI are included...
May 10, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Moheb S Yani, Joyce H Wondolowski, Sandrah P Eckel, Kornelia Kulig, Beth E Fisher, James E Gordon, Jason J Kutch
Human motor cortex can activate pelvic floor muscles (PFM), but the motor cortical representation of the PFM is not well characterized. PFM representation is thought to be focused in the supplementary motor area (SMA). Here we examine the degree to which PFM representation is distributed between SMA and the primary motor cortex (M1), and how this representation is utilized to activate the PFM in different coordination patterns. We show that two types of coordination patterns involving PFM can be voluntarily accessed: one activates PFM independently of synergists and a second activates PFM prior to and in proportion with synergists (in this study, the gluteus maximus muscle - GMM)...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
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