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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#1
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651405/-clinical-stages-and-outcomes-of-severe-cases-on-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#2
J Zhang, Y Jin, J L Sun, Y X Wang, X J Wang, X Q Fu, Z P Miao, J Lyu
Objective: To understand the characteristics and relation of clinical stage and outcome of severe cases on hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and to establish the evaluation method for understanding severity of this disease. Methods: According to factors as geographical location, economic and epidemic levels, five provinces (Henan, Shandong, Yunnan, Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces) were selected. Reported severe cases of HFMD from the National Notifiable Diseases Reporting System were selected randomly in the five provinces...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651401/-investigation-of-group-sex-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-taizhou-zhejiang-province-2013-2015
#3
H J Lin, Y C Zhang, W W Shen, Q H Wu, Y Y Xu, D H Qiu, Y Y Ding, N He
Objective: To understand the prevalence of group sex in men who have sex with men (MSM) and related factors in Taizhou, Zhejiang province. Methods: From March 2013 to September 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among MSM recruited from gay bars or bath houses in Taizhou by using questionnaire to collect the information about their sexual behavior and HIV test. Results: A total of 1 435 MSM were recruited, 179 of them (12.5%) were HIV infected, 231 (16.1%) reported group sex during the past year. Compared with MSM without group sex, more MSM with group sex had more than ten male sexual partners (53...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651337/preliminary-validation-of-a-method-combining-cultivation-and-cloning-based-approaches-to-monitor-airborne-bacteria
#4
Jenny Schäfer, Sarah Weiß, Udo Jäckel
It is already known that occupational exposure to bioaerosols or organic dust could be harmful for occupants, but mostly the correlation to occurring bacteria is missing. Especially, cultivation of bacteria from bioaerosols is important to get an insight on occurring and possibly infectious bacteria. These measures are highly time consuming and cost intensive. Therefore, to monitor bacterial diversity in bioaerosol samples and to avoid isolation procedures, an approach was applied using a combination of cultivation and cloning-based approach...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651179/sedentary-work-and-the-risks-of-colon-and-rectal-cancer-by-anatomical-sub-site-in-the-canadian-census-health-and-environment-cohort-canchec
#5
Manisha Pahwa, M Anne Harris, Jill MacLeod, Michael Tjepkema, Paul A Peters, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is a potential risk factor for colorectal cancer. We examined the association between sedentary work, based on body position, and colorectal cancer risk in Canadians. METHODS: A working body position category (a. sitting; b. standing and walking; c. sitting, standing, and walking; d. other) was assigned to occupations reported by 1991 Canadian Census respondents based on national occupational counselling guidelines. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated for cancers of the colon (overall, proximal, and distal) and rectum in men and women newly diagnosed from 1992 to 2010...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651164/serum-levels-of-decabromodiphenyl-ether-bde-209-in-women-from-different-european-countries-and-possible-relationships-with-lifestyle-and-diet
#6
Martin van den Berg, Remko Houba, Heather A Leslie, Rocio F Canton, Cathrine Thomsen, Georg Becher, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Jordi Sunyer Deu, Markus Steiner, Martie van Tongeren, Bert Brunekreef, Jacob de Boer
To determine possible effects of lifestyle, diet, housing and professional activities on differences in individual levels of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) in serum of women, 20 to 40years of age, in The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Norway and Spain. BDE-209 was measured in serum of 145 female volunteers with no known occupational exposure from Norway, United Kingdom, The Netherlands and Spain. Blood levels of BDE-209 in a subgroup of 40 Dutch women were determined twice at a six months' interval. An extensive questionnaire was used to obtain detailed information about lifestyle factors that might contribute to BDE-209 exposure...
June 23, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650972/contribution-of-cognitive-performance-and-cognitive-decline-to-associations-between-socioeconomic-factors-and-dementia-a-cohort-study
#7
Jennifer Rusmaully, Aline Dugravot, Jean-Paul Moatti, Michael G Marmot, Alexis Elbaz, Mika Kivimaki, Séverine Sabia, Archana Singh-Manoux
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic disadvantage is a risk factor for dementia, but longitudinal studies suggest that it does not affect the rate of cognitive decline. Our objective is to understand the manner in which socioeconomic disadvantage shapes dementia risk by examining its associations with midlife cognitive performance and cognitive decline from midlife to old age, including cognitive decline trajectories in those with dementia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data are drawn from the Whitehall II study (N = 10,308 at study recruitment in 1985), with cognitive function assessed at 4 waves (1997, 2002, 2007, and 2012)...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650967/author-contributions-to-ecological-publications-what-does-it-mean-to-be-an-author-in-modern-ecological-research
#8
John M Logan, Sarah B Bean, Andrew E Myers
Authorship is a central element of scientific research carrying a variety of rewards and responsibilities, and while various guidelines exist, actual author contributions are often ambiguous. Inconsistent or limited contributions threaten to devalue authorship as intellectual currency and diminish authors' responsibility for published content. Researchers have assessed author contributions in the medical literature and other research fields, but similar data for the field of ecological research are lacking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650742/evaluating-bioaerosol-exposure-among-bus-drivers-in-the-public-transport-sector
#9
Bożena Nowakowicz-Dębek, Halina Pawlak, Łukasz Wlazło, Piotr Maksym, Jacek Kapica, Anna Chmielowiec-Korzeniowska, Beata Trawińska
Occupational hazards and consequent health problems suffered by drivers in the public transport sector require preventive measures. The aim of this study was to assess the exposure of drivers to microbiological air contamination (airborne bacteria and fungi) in buses. The air in public transport vehicles was examined in autumn, winter and spring. To evaluate the exposure of drivers to bioaerosols, air samples were collected and examined for the total number of bacteria and fungi in the air, the number of mesophilic aerobic bacteria specified by the number of colony forming units (CFU) per 1 m3 of air...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650713/occupational-chemical-exposures-a-collaboration-between-the-georgia-poison-center-and-the-occupational-safety-and-health-administration
#10
Aaron W Tustin, Alison Jones, Gaylord P Lopez, Glenn R Ketcham, Michael J Hodgson
CONTEXT: In the United States, regional poison centers frequently receive calls about toxic workplace exposures. Most poison centers do not share call details routinely with governmental regulatory agencies. Worker health and safety could be enhanced if regulators such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) had the ability to investigate these events and prevent similar incidents. With this goal in mind, the Georgia Poison Center (GPC) began referring occupational exposures to OSHA in July 2014...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650513/return-to-work-after-work-related-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-work-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention
#11
Vita Ligaya Dalgaard, Kirstin Aschbacher, Johan Hviid Andersen, David John Glasscock, Morten Vejs Willert, Ole Carstensen, Karin Biering
Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a stress management intervention (SMI) on lasting return to work (RTW) among patients with work-related stress complaints. Methods Sickness benefit departments from three local municipalities referred patients on sick leave with work-related adjustment disorders or mild depression to the Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland. A 2× randomization procedure allocated patients into one of three groups: intervention (N=58), control A (which received a clinical assessment; N=56), or control B (no assessment; N=49)...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650137/how-to-manage-the-biological-risk-in-a-dental-clinic-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#12
Matteo Saccucci, Gaetano Ierardo, Carmela Protano, Matteo Vitali, Antonella Polimeni
Dental Personnel (DP) may be exposed to pathogens during dental treatment, either through contact contaminated equipment, or with blood and respiratory secretion. On the other hand, health care professionals are constantly exposed to pathogens and opportunists in their work environment. Consequently, the dental healthcare environment is connected with the risk of exposure to biological agents both for patients and dental workers, and involves a wide number of microorganisms that can be present in biological matrices (gingival fluids, saliva, blood), contaminated and/or non-sanitized surfaces, water used in the dental unit, or emitted by patients suffering or carrier of a transmissible disease...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649999/-the-relationship-between-emotional-labor-and-professional-burnout-a-comparative-analysis-between-work-of-teachers-and-employees-of-commercial-service-sector
#13
Agnieszka Springer, Karolina Oleksa
BACKGROUND: Nowadays more and more employees are required to perform emotional labor (EL) which means that they need to express emotions set by the organizational procedures, simultaneously masking the true feelings. Employees, while performing emotional labor, choose between one of the two strategies (surface acting or deep acting) and this leads to e.g., burnout. As the performance of emotional labor and its consequences depend on the specification of work and chosen strategy, it was assumed that the consequences of EL may be different for workers in various occupations...
June 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649987/a-ppar%C3%AE-transcriptional-cascade-directs-adipose-progenitor-cell-niche-interaction-and-niche-expansion
#14
Yuwei Jiang, Daniel C Berry, Ayoung Jo, Wei Tang, Robert W Arpke, Michael Kyba, Jonathan M Graff
Adipose progenitor cells (APCs) reside in a vascular niche, located within the perivascular compartment of adipose tissue blood vessels. Yet, the signals and mechanisms that govern adipose vascular niche formation and APC niche interaction are unknown. Here we show that the assembly and maintenance of the adipose vascular niche is controlled by PPARγ acting within APCs. PPARγ triggers a molecular hierarchy that induces vascular sprouting, APC vessel niche affinity and APC vessel occupancy. Mechanistically, PPARγ transcriptionally activates PDGFRβ and VEGF...
June 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649884/the-long-term-occupational-fitness-of-uk-military-personnel-following-community-mental-health-care
#15
Norman Jones, Nicola T Fear, Simon Wessely, Gursimran Thandi, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Fitness to undertake operational deployment is a key requirement of military service. AIM: To assess individual deployment fitness at a single point from one month to eight years following discharge from mental healthcare. METHOD: Survival analyses assessed levels of deployability; the predictive effects of key covariates upon time to being classified as non-deployable were examined using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression procedures...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649872/indoor-swimming-pool-environments-and-self-reported-irritative-and-respiratory-symptoms-among-lifeguards
#16
Gabrielle Bureau, Benoît Lévesque, Marjolaine Dubé, Denis Gauvin, François Lépine, Denis Laliberté
A web survey was conducted among 870 lifeguards (current and former) to assess the relationship between exposure to indoor swimming pool environments and respiratory health. Associations between respiratory symptoms and asthma with varying lengths of occupational exposure were assessed by multiple logistic regression. Lifeguards exposed more than 500 hours in the previous 12 months experienced more cough (adjustedOR = 2.54, IC95 % = 1.51-4.25), throat (aOR = 2.47, IC95 % = 1.44-4.24) and eye irritation (aOR = 4...
June 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649801/vaccinia-virus-detection-in-dairy-products-made-with-milk-from-experimentally-infected-cows
#17
T M L de Oliveira, M I M C Guedes, I S Rehfeld, A C D Matos, A V Rivetti Júnior, A F da Cunha, M M O P Cerqueira, J S Abrahão, Z I P Lobato
Vaccinia virus (VACV) is the agent of bovine vaccinia (BV), an emerging zoonosis that causes exanthematic lesions on the teats of dairy cows and on the hands of milkers. The virus has been detected in the milk of naturally infected cows. The objective of this study was to investigate and quantify VACV DNA as well as the presence of infectious virus particles in samples of cheese curd, cheese whey and pasteurized milk produced using milk from cows experimentally inoculated with VACV-GP2, a Brazilian isolate of VACV (VACV-BR)...
June 26, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649391/erratum-to-practice-status-of-specialized-agencies-for-occupational-health-management-of-small-to-medium-size-enterprises-and-the-factors-improving-their-performance-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#18
Saerom Lee, Jun-Pyo Myong, Eun-A Kim, Huisu Eom, Bowha Choi, Young Joong Kang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40557-017-0161-4.].
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649388/systemic-sclerosis-due-to-crystalline-silica-exposure-among-jewelry-workers-in-korea-two-case-reports
#19
Jae Yoon Kim, Sang Yoon Do, Young Hoon Moon, Chul Gab Lee, Yun Sung Kim, Byung Soon Choi, Eun-A Kim, Han Soo Song
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to crystalline silica is a potential risk factor for various systemic autoimmune diseases including systemic sclerosis. The etiology of systemic sclerosis is not conclusively known, but there are epidemiological studies that show the relationship between exposure to crystalline silica and risk of systemic sclerosis. Here we report, for the first time, two cases of crystalline silica-related systemic sclerosis in patients who worked in crystal processing in the jewelry-manufacturing field...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649346/couch-potatoes-do-better-delayed-dispersal-and-territory-size-affect-the-duration-of-territory-occupancy-in-a-monogamous-mammal
#20
Martin Mayer, Andreas Zedrosser, Frank Rosell
In territorial, socially monogamous species, the establishment and defense of a territory are an important strategy to maximize individual fitness, but the factors responsible for the duration of territory occupancy are rarely studied, especially in long-lived mammals. A long-term monitoring program in southeast Norway spanning over 18 years allowed us to follow the individual life histories of Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber) from adolescence in their natal family group to dispersal and territory establishment until the end of territory occupancy...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
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