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Hemifacial spasm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275608/-application-of-the-supine-position-in-microsurgery-for-lesions-of-the-cerebellopontine-angle
#1
J Q Li, G Chen, X Li, Z Wang, D Zhou
Objective: To validate the usefulness of the supine position in microsurgery for lesions of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) by the retrosigmoid approach. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with lesions (22 cases of tumor, 11 cases of trigeminal neuralgia and 6 cases of hemifacial spasm) of the CPA underwent tumor resection surgery or microvascular decompression surgery (MVDS). The patients were operated on in the supine position by retrosigmoid approach with the head turned 50 to 60 degrees away from the lesion and with slight forward flexion of the neck...
December 12, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239883/microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm
#2
Michael G Z Ghali, Visish M Srinivasan, Ashwin Viswanathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Ophthalmology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239882/neurological-imaging-for-hemifacial-spasm
#3
Stephen R Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Ophthalmology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239878/surgical-myectomy-for-essential-blepharospasm-and-hemifacial-spasm
#4
Michael T Yen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Ophthalmology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239877/botulinum-toxins-for-treating-essential-blepharospasm-and-hemifacial-spasm
#5
Daniel J Ozzello, Joseph N Giacometti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Ophthalmology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239872/blepharospasm-and-hemifacial-spasm
#6
Michael T Yen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Ophthalmology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203317/long-term-outcome-of-repeat-microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm
#7
Xiao-Li Xu, Xue-Ke Zhen, Yue Yuan, Hong-Ju Liu, Jiang Liu, Jun Xu, Xiu-Bin Li, Li Zhang, Yan-Bing Yu
OBJECTIVE: Although repeat microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) in patients with failed prior MVD is potentially curative, little is known about the long-term results of repeat MVD. We aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes and complications after repeat MVD for HFS. METHODS: We performed repeat MVD on 78 consecutive patients who had undergone a prior MVD >1 year previously. Follow-up data were available for 58 patients, with a median follow-up period of 8...
December 1, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191535/should-we-expect-delayed-relief-or-early-re-operate-on-those-hemifacial-spasm-patients-without-efficacy-following-microvascular-decompression
#8
MingXing Liu, Lei Xia, Jun Zhong, Bin Li, NingNing Dou, ShiTing Li
BACKGROUND: Although microvascular decompression (MVD) has been widely accepted as an effective remedy for treatment of hemifacial spasm (HFS), some patients may experience delayed relief instead of immediate improvement after the surgery. Hence, the necessity or occasion of repeated MVD has been controversial to date. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a study with emphasis on those unrelieved patients. METHODS: Between January 2010 through December 2014, 3095 idiopathic HFS patients were treated with MVD in XinHua Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine...
November 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184719/diabetes-and-morbid-obesity-are-associated-with-higher-reoperation-rates-following-microvascular-decompression-surgery-an-acs-nsqip-analysis
#9
Gregory D Arnone, Darian R Esfahani, Steven Papastefan, Neha Rao, Prateek Kumar, Konstantin V Slavin, Ankit I Mehta
Background: Microvascular decompression (MVD) is the preferred treatment for refractory trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Despite its high rate of success, MVD carries risk of complications. In this study, we examine outcomes following MVD and identify risk factors associated with adverse outcomes. Methods: A review of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was performed with CPT code 61458 queried between 2007 and 2014...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184709/gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-cerebellopontine-angle-epidermoid-tumors
#10
Amr M N El-Shehaby, Wael A Reda, Khaled M Abdel Karim, Reem M Emad Eldin, Ahmed M Nabeel
Background: Intracranial epidermoid tumors are commonly found in the cerebellopontine angle where they usually present with either trigeminal neuralgia or hemifacial spasm. Radiosurgery for these tumors has rarely been reported. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and clinical outcome of the treatment of cerebellopontine epidermoid tumors with gamma knife radiosurgery. Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 12 patients harboring cerebellopontine angle epidermoid tumors who underwent 15 sessions of gamma knife radiosurgery...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146437/efficacy-of-the-biomedical-glue-sling-technique-versus-the-traditional-technique-for-microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm-with-refractory-hypertension
#11
Xin Zhang, Xiaokui Kang, Qunlong Jiang, Hua Zhao, Yinda Tang, Jin Zhu, Ping Zhou, Yan Yuan, Shiting Li
BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression (MVD) is useful treatment for Hemifacial spasm (HFS) with refractory hypertension (RHTN). Biomedical glue sling technique is a new method for MVD. In this study, we retrospectively compared the outcome of biomedical glue sling technique with traditional technique in MVD for HFS with RHTN. METHODS: A retrospective study of HFS with RHTN treated by MVD was conducted between January 2010 and June 2016. There were 155 patients underwent their first MVD at our institution...
November 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143107/how-i-do-it-endoscopic-microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm-associated-with-the-vertebral-artery
#12
Fuminari Komatsu, Masaaki Imai, Mitsunori Matsumae
BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression (MVD) of hemifacial spasm (HFS) associated with the vertebral artery (VA) shows higher rates of incomplete cure and complications compared to non-VA-related HFS. METHOD: Purely endoscopic MVD for VA-associated HFS via a retrosigmoid keyhole was performed. Neurovascular conflicts by a directly offending artery and VA around the root exit zone of the facial nerve were clearly demonstrated under 30° endoscopic view without significant cerebellar retraction...
November 15, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124438/reorganization-of-sensory-input-at-brainstem-in-hemifacial-spasm-and-postparalytic-facial-syndrome
#13
Meral E Kızıltan, Ayşegul Gunduz
We hypothesized the filtering of sensory input from face and hand at brainstem may reorganize in hemifacial spasm (HFS) and postparalytic facial syndrome (PFS). Thus, we examined the prepulse inhibition of blink reflex (BR-PPI) in HFS and PFS. We included 12 healthy subjects, 13 patients with HFS, and 11 patients with PFS. Baseline BR, BR recovery at interstimulus interval (ISI) of 300 ms and BR-PPI at ISI of 100 ms were performed on the right sides of healthy subjects and on both sides of patients. Within-subject analysis showed baseline BR and BR-PPI were similar between asymptomatic and symptomatic sides of patients with HFS whereas BR recovery was higher on the symptomatic side...
November 9, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123626/treatment-of-hemifacial-spasm-in-patient-with-hemifacial-atrophy-using-combination-therapy-ultrasound-therapy-and-tens-a-case-report
#14
Apala Baduni, Bhuvana Krishnamoorthy
A 19-year-old male patient presented with facial hemi-atrophy with unilateral spasms of the masseter and temporalis muscles. Ultrasound therapy and Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation therapy, known as combination therapy, were given on alternate days for 2 weeks. At the end of 2 weeks of combination therapy the patient reported a drastic reduction in the number of episodes of muscle spasm. The visual analog scale score for tenderness of the masseter and temporalis was also markedly reduced. No one has previously used combination therapy for the treatment of facial hemi-atrophy with hemi-facial spasms...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116410/botulinum-toxin-therapy-in-patients-with-oral-anticoagulation-is-it-safe
#15
Christoph Schrader, Markus Ebke, Fereshte Adib Saberi, Dirk Dressler
When used therapeutically, botulinum toxin (BT) has to be injected into its target tissues. All manufacturers warn not to do so in patients with oral anticoagulation to avoid haematoma. We wanted to study the haematoma frequency (HF) in patients with anticoagulation receiving BT therapy. 32 patients (16 females, 16 males, age 69.3 ± 10.0 years) with blepharospasm (n = 6), hemifacial spasm (n = 8), post-stroke spasticity (n = 16), and cervical dystonia (n = 2) received BT therapy (needle size 27G, post-injection tissue compression) whilst on anticoagulation (anticoagulation group, AG)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103137/microvascular-decompression-for-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-a-retrospective-analysis-of-228-cases
#16
Lei Xia, Yong-Sheng Li, Ming-Xing Liu, Jun Zhong, Ning-Ning Dou, Bin Li, Shi-Ting Li
BACKGROUND: Glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) is an uncommon craniofacial pain syndrome caused by neurovascular conflict. Compared to trigeminal neuralgia or hemifacial spasm, the incidence of GPN was very low. Until now, little is known about the long-term outcome following microvascular decompression (MVD) process. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2016, 228 idiopathic GPN patients underwent MVD in our department. Those cases were retrospectively reviewed with emphasis on intraoperative findings and long-term postoperative outcomes...
November 4, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081153/-investigation-of-short-term-resolution-as-a-predictor-of-long-term-cure-of-microvascular-decompression-in-hemifacial-spasm
#17
C Zhang, F Wang, Y X Lin, L H Yu, D Z Kang, S S Wei
Objective: To investigate whether the short-term relief of spasm (within 7 days) after microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) can be used as a prognostic factor of long-term outcome (>6 months). Methods: The clinical characteristics and follow-up data (completely recorded) of 159 patients who had HFS and underwent microvascular decompression surgery in the first Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from August 2008 to May 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The collected data focus on symptom relief in a time course: immediately after MVD, 7 days after MVD and the last follow-up (>6 months) by using Cohen-Albert grading...
October 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075904/quantitative-study-of-the-correlation-between-cerebellar-retraction-factors-and-hearing-loss-following-microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm
#18
Ning Li, Wei-Guo Zhao, Chun-Hua Pu, Wen-Lei Yang
BACKGROUND: This prospective study quantitatively measured the cerebellar retraction factors, including retraction distance, depth and duration, and evaluated their potential relationship to the development of hearing loss after microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS). METHODS: One hundred ten patients with primary HFS who underwent MVD in our department were included into this study. The cerebellar retraction factors were quantitatively measured on preoperative MR and timed during MVD...
October 26, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075542/multiple-sclerosis-presenting-with-facial-twitching-myokymia-and-hemifacial-spasms
#19
Risha Hertz, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Doug Stranges
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. The etiology is insufficiently understood. Autoimmune, genetic, viral, and environmental factors have been hypothesized. MS is twice as common in women as in men between the ages of 20 and 50 years. There is no known cure for MS. Current medical treatment helps to prevent new attacks and improve function after an attack. MS is diagnosed by physical examination, diagnostic imaging, and examination of cerebral spinal fluid...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074421/long-term-efficacy-of-initial-microvascular-decompression-versus-subsequent-microvascular-decompression-for-idiopathic-hemifacial-spasm
#20
Hua Zhao, Guang-Feng Li, Xin Zhang, Yin-da Tang, Ping Zhou, Jin Zhu, Shi-Ting Li
OBJECTIVE: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a disorder characterized by intermittent, involuntary facial muscle contractions. Microvascular decompression (MVD) is the gold treatment for HFS. The aim of this research was to discuss whether patients undergoing MVD as their initial surgical intervention experience greater spasm control than patients experiencing an MVD performed as a subsequent surgical intervention. METHODS: The study included 976 patients with HFS, 452 of whom (group A) underwent MVD as their initial surgical intervention and 524 of whom (group B) underwent subsequent MVD...
October 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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