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Hemifacial spasm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512048/combined-hyperactive-dysfunction-syndrome-of-the-cranial-nerves-a-retrospective-systematic-study-of-clinical-characteristics-in-44-patients
#1
Jingwei Cao, Jie Jiao, Zhenhui Du, Wenzhe Xu, Bin Sun, Feng Li, Yuguang Liu
BACKGROUND: Combined hyperactive dysfunction syndrome (HDS) is defined as the combination symptoms arising from overactivity in cranial nerves specifically, trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) without an obvious explanatory structural lesion. The study aims to retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of combined HDS treated with microvascular decompression (MVD) in a single institution. METHODS: A total of 1450 patients with HDS were treated with MVD in our department during a 10-year period, among which 44 cases of combined HDS were identified...
May 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507604/health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-from-botulinum-toxin-treatment-in-hemifacial-spasm
#2
Daniel Weiss, Justine Sturm, Leonhard Hieber, Axel Börtlein, Ingo Mayr, Matthias Appy, Benedicta Kühnler, Joachim Buchthal, Christian Dippon, Guy Arnold, Tobias Wächter
BACKGROUND: Although botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) injections may alleviate involuntary muscle contractions in hemifacial spasm substantially, it is less clear whether the motor effect would translate into improvements of health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). METHODS: In this open-label clinical observational study, we characterized outcomes on HR-QoL in terms of the EuroQol (EQ-5D-5L) from BoNT in a prospective cohort of patients with hemifacial spasm (n = 73)...
April 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500109/hemifacial-spasm-and-neurovascular-compression-syndrome
#3
Puya Dehgani Mobaraki, Ruggero Lapenna, Giampietro Ricci, Jacques Magnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498272/paget-s-disease-of-the-temporal-bone-a-single-institution-contemporary-review-of-27-patients
#4
Nicholas L Deep, Jake G Besch-Stokes, John I Lane, Colin L W Driscoll, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVES: To report a contemporary review from a single-institution series on Paget's disease of the temporal bone (PDTB). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of patients evaluated from 1998 to 2016. SETTING: Quaternary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients with radiographically confirmed PDTB. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical, audiological, and radiological features and management strategies of PDTB...
May 11, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498061/microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm-can-intraoperative-lateral-spread-response-monitoring-improve-surgical-efficacy
#5
Yongxu Wei, Wenlei Yang, Weiguo Zhao, Chunhua Pu, Ning Li, Yu Cai, Hanbing Shang
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether intraoperative monitoring of lateral spread response (LSR) improves the efficacy of microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS). METHODS In this prospective study, patients undergoing MVD for HFS were assigned to one of 2 groups, Group A (MVD with intraoperative LSR monitoring) or Group B (MVD without LSR monitoring). Clinical outcome at 12 months after surgery was assessed through telephone survey. Data analysis was performed to investigate the effect of intraoperative LSR monitoring on efficacy of MVD...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488609/microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm-a-systematic-review-of-vascular-pathology-long-term-treatment-efficacy-and-safety
#6
REVIEW
Ravi Sharma, Kanwaljeet Garg, Samagra Agarwal, Deepak Agarwal, P Sarat Chandra, Shashank S Kale, Bhawani S Sharma, Ashok K Mahapatra
INTRODUCTION: Hemifacial spasm (HS) is a rare disorder caused by the compression of facial nerve root exit zone (REZ) at the brainstem by a vascular loop. Microvascular decompression (MVD) is a popular treatment modality for HS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term efficacy and safety of MVD for HS by assessing the effect of the procedure from the literature published over the last 25 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic data review from 1992 to 2015 using specific eligibility criteria yielded 27 studies on MVD for HS, the data of which were pooled and subjected to a meta-analysis...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465830/economics-of-botulinum-toxin-therapy-influence-of-the-abobotulinumtoxina-package-size-on-the-costs-of-botulinum-toxin-therapy
#7
Dirk Dressler, Fereshte Adib Saberi
BACKGROUND: AbobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport®) was distributed for many years in vials containing 500MU (D500). Recently a new 300MU vial (D300) was additionally introduced (introduction). We wanted to explore whether more differentiated package sizes allow for more economic use of Dysport® in a large neurological botulinum toxin (BT) outpatient clinic. METHODS: The study followed a retrospective chart review design based on our digital BT therapy data bank. All patients receiving Dysport® exclusively in a constant dose during the observation period (introduction ± 7 months) were included...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437820/-therapy-of-hemifacial-spasm-with-botulinum-toxin
#8
Wolfgang H Jost, Rainer Laskawi, Anja Palmowski-Wolfe, Peter P Urban
Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a frequent disorder characterized by involuntary contractions of those muscles innervated by the facialis nerve on one side of the face. The symptoms can appear as tonic or clonic, intermittent or permanent. Diagnosis is based purely on clinical observation. Differential diagnosis should rely on cranial MRI, which can demonstrate a pathological contact between the nerves and vessels and exclude alternative causation. Often, the symptoms are not marked so that therapy may not be necessary...
April 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434962/outcome-of-the-biomedical-glue-sling-technique-in-microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm-involving-the-vertebral-artery
#9
Xin Zhang, Hua Zhao, Jin Zhu, Yinda Tang, Tingting Ying, Yan Yuan, Shiting Li
BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression (MVD) is the most useful treatment for hemifacial spasm (HFS). In cases of vertebral artery (VA) compression of the facial nerve, MVD is often difficult. In this study, we compared the outcome of the biomedical glue sling technique with the traditional technique in MVD for HFS involving the VA. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients with HFS treated by MVD, and was conducted between January 2013 and December 2015...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434953/the-multi-scope-technique-for-microvascular-decompression
#10
Yuichi Nagata, Tadashi Watanabe, Tetsuya Nagatani, Kazuhito Takeuchi, Jonsu Chu, Toshihiko Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: The performance of endoscopic surgery has rapidly become widespread in neurosurgery in recent years. Endoscopy can offer close and panoramic surgical views with fine illumination, even in the deep intracranial area. However, it also has the following serious drawback: an intracranial blind area between the field lens of the endoscope and the site of the dural opening. This blind area cannot be viewed on the endoscopic monitor, and several surgical complications, including accidental intracranial neurovascular structural injury, can occur in this area...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332169/microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm-associated-with-the-vertebral-artery
#11
De-Bao Yang, Zhi-Min Wang
The aim of this study was to discuss the baseline characteristics of hemifacial spasm (HFS) associated with the vertebral artery (VA) and evaluate microvascular decompression (MVD) as a surgical treatment of the associated HFS. From February 2010 to February 2015, 118 consecutive patients with HFS underwent MVD. Of these, 29 cases of HFS were associated with VA, this series was compared with the remaining non-VA-associated HFS. Of the 29 cases of VA-associated HFS, the VA was directly compressing the root exit zone (REZ) in eight cases...
March 22, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297691/-intraoperative-artery-wall-stimulating-electromyography-during-microvascular-decompression-surgery-to-treat-hemifacial-spasm-a-case-report
#12
Ryotaro Yamashita, Taishi Nakamura, Ryutaro Fukuyama, Kosuke Ishikawa, Takahiro Hayashi, Ryohei Miyazaki, Makoto Ohtake, Mitsuru Sato, Kensuke Tateishi, Nobuyuki Shimizu, Jun Suenaga, Hidetoshi Murata
OBJECTIVE: Microvascular decompression(MVD)surgery has been established as a standard treatment for hemifacial spasm. However, because decompression surgery results in unfavorable outcomes in some cases, a more critical monitoring strategy is required. To improve surgical outcome for hemifacial spasms, abnormal muscle response(AMR)has been proposed as a tool for intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring during MVD surgery. Here, we report a single case of surgical MVD monitoring using artery wall stimulating electromyography(AWS-EMG)...
March 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288523/long-term-outcome-of-microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm
#13
Ming-Yi Lv, Shu-Ling Deng, Xiao-Feng Long, Zeng-Liang Liu
AIM: To investigate the long term outcomes of microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) and to identify any prognostic factors. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 189 consecutive patients with typical HFS who underwent MVD. Multiple logistic regression analysis of variables at various time points including at least immediate time point and one at no less than six years was performed. RESULTS: Short-term follow-up showed a cure rate of 91%, including 51 cases of delayed resolution (27%)...
March 13, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286281/correlation-between-cerebellar-retraction-and-hearing-loss-following-microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm-a-prospective-study
#14
Ning Li, Wei-Guo Zhao, Chun-Hua Pu, Wen-Lei Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272727/-an-unusual-presentation-of-painful-tic-convulsive
#15
S Romano-Feinholz, M P Medina, F E Nares-Lopez, J L Soto-Hernandez, R Revuelta-Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: The term 'painful tic convulsive' is used to describe the syndrome involving concomitant hemifacial spasm and ipsilateral trigeminal neuralgia. Vascular compression of the fifth and seventh cranial nerves is the most common cause, involving the entry and exit zone of rootlets coming from the brainstem; nevertheless, different etiologies of this syndrome has been previously reported. Treatment for this disease is based on surgical microvascular decompression of the nerve rootlets, but still a topic of debate...
March 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254601/electromyographically-guided-nerve-combing-makes-microvascular-decompression-more-successful-in-hemifacial-spasm-with-persistent-abnormal-muscle-response
#16
Xin Zhang, Jin Zhu, Yin-Da Tang, Hua Zhao, Ting-Ting Ying, Yan Yuan, Shi-Ting Li
BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression (MVD) of the facial nerve monitored intra-operatively by abnormal muscle response (AMR) activity is a common treatment for hemifacial spasm. However, AMR frequently persists after MVD, for which electromyographically (EMG)-guided nerve combing is sometimes recommended. Because no research regarding the success of EMG-guided nerve combing has been published, we compared the effectiveness of nerve combing after MVD with simple MVD in cases including persistent AMR...
February 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246588/intermittent-facial-spasms-as-the-presenting-sign-of-a-recurrent-pleomorphic-adenoma
#17
Rosalie A Machado, Sami P Moubayed, Azita Khorsandi, Juan C Hernandez-Prera, Mark L Urken
The intimate anatomical relationship of the facial nerve to the parotid parenchyma has a significant influence on the presenting signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of parotid neoplasms. However, to our knowledge, hyperactivity of this nerve, presenting as facial spasm, has never been described as the presenting sign or symptom of a parotid malignancy. We report a case of carcinoma arising in a recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the left parotid gland (i.e., carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma) that presented with hemifacial spasms...
February 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244961/postparalytic-hemifacial-spasm-a-case-study
#18
Kathryn A Woodcock
Treatment with neuromodulators is the most common nonsurgical cosmetic procedure globally and on the increase. However, there are times when a cosmetic treatment crosses over into a medical treatment. When we take the time to make a proper assessment and create a comprehensive treatment plan, we ensure we are providing best practices that result in the best outcome for our patients. This case presentation demonstrates that sometimes the patient seeking treatment of a certain complaint may have a much larger issue(s) to address first...
January 2017: Plastic Surgical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226076/treatment-of-hemifacial-spasm-with-botulinum-toxin-type-a-effective-long-lasting-and-well-tolerated
#19
Jean Pierre Mette Batisti, Alais Daiane Fadini Kleinfelder, Natália Bassalobre Galli, Adriana Moro, Renato Puppi Munhoz, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive
Objective: To evaluate the long-term effect of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in the treatment of HFS. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients treated at the Movement Disorders Outpatient Clinic in the Neurology Service, Hospital de Clínicas, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, from 2009 to 2013 was carried out. A total of 550 BTX-A injections were administered to 100 HFS patients. Results: Mean duration of improvement following each injection session was 3...
February 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223858/the-therapeutic-usage-of-botulinum-toxin-botox-in-non-cosmetic-head-and-neck-conditions-an-evidence-based-review
#20
REVIEW
Kamran Habib Awan
Botulinum toxin (Botox) is an exotoxin produced from Clostridium botulinum. It blocks the release of acetylcholine from the cholinergic nerve end plates resulting in inactivity of the muscles or glands innervated. The efficacy of Botox in facial aesthetics is well established; however, recent literature has highlighted its utilization in multiple non-cosmetic medical and surgical conditions. The present article reviews the current evidence pertaining to Botox use in the non-cosmetic head and neck conditions...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
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