keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Endocrine gynecology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741188/disorders-of-sexual-development-in-adult-women
#1
Veronica Gomez-Lobo, Anne-Marie Amies Oelschlager
Disorders (differences) of sexual development encompass a variety of conditions with atypical development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomic sex. Three of the most common differences of sex development conditions include congenital adrenal hyperplasia, complete androgen insensitivity, and Turner syndrome. Obstetrician-gynecologists who care for affected individuals in their practice must be familiar with the genetic, endocrine, and anatomic considerations of the most common conditions to provide optimal care...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696906/the-role-of-fulvestrant-in-endometrial-cancer
#2
Stefano Bogliolo, Chiara Cassani, Mattia Dominoni, Anna Orlandini, Simone Ferrero, Anna Daniela Iacobone, Franco Viazzo, Pier Luigi Venturini, Arsenio Spinillo, Barbara Gardella
Endometrial cancer is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract in industrialized countries. The traditional treatment of endometrial cancer is based on a surgical approach. In recent years, systemic endocrine therapy has demonstrated good efficacy in recurrent or metastatic setting, delaying progression, ameliorating quality of life and palliating symptoms. Areas covered: Phase I and II studies on selective estrogen receptor down-regulators used for the treatment of endometrial cancer treatment have been reviewed...
October 4, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651661/endocrine-and-metabolic-profile-of-different-phenotypes-of-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#3
Saxena Pikee, Singh Shivani, Bhattacharjee Jayshree
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy associated with wide heterogeneity and serious clinical implications. Prevalence and characteristics of different phenotypes are not well defined. Therefore, this study was planned to determine the prevalence of four phenotypes of PCOS and to evaluate their endocrine and metabolic parameters including insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome with respect to controls. METHODS: This observational, case-control study was conducted in the gynecology outpatient department of a tertiary care center where 161 PCOS and 50 non-PCOS women were recruited and investigated...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617151/syndrome-associated-tumors-by-organ-system
#4
REVIEW
Raul S Gonzalez, Nicole D Riddle
Certain tumors suggest the possibility of a patient harboring a genetic syndrome, particularly in children. Syndrome-associated tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary tract, gynecologic tract, heart, lungs, brain, eye, endocrine organs, and hematopoietic system will be briefly discussed.
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563566/management-dilemma-of-thyroid-nodules-in-patients-with-malignant-struma-ovarii
#5
Sarah J Sternlieb, Celine Satija, David T Pointer, Byron E Crawford, Lacey Sullivan, Emad Kandil
Struma ovarii is a rare type of ovarian teratoma comprised of at least 50% thyroid tissue. While most are benign, 70% of malignant cases are diagnosed as papillary carcinoma. Management of patients with thyroid nodules following gynecologic surgery remains controversial and variable. Historically, the treatment of choice has been surgical removal to rule out ovarian carcinoma. Thyroid follow-up and further treatment options are guided by tumor characteristics. The patient in this case presented to the endocrine surgeon with multiple thyroid nodules, dysphagia and a history of struma ovarii that was surgically treated at an outside hospital...
August 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553264/endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-uterine-fibroids
#6
REVIEW
Tiffany A Katz, Qiwei Yang, Lindsey S Treviño, Cheryl Lyn Walker, Ayman Al-Hendy
Uterine fibroids are the most frequent gynecologic tumor, affecting 70% to 80% of women over their lifetime. Although these tumors are benign, they can cause significant morbidity and may require invasive treatments such as myomectomy and hysterectomy. Many risk factors for these tumors have been identified, including environmental exposures to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) such as genistein and diethylstilbestrol. Uterine development may be a particularly sensitive window to environmental exposures, as some perinatal EDC exposures have been shown to increase tumorigenesis in both rodent models and human epidemiologic studies...
September 15, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516680/principles-of-nutrition-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-comparison-with-modern-medicine
#7
Mojgan Tansaz, Maryam Bahmani
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age with metabolic and gynecological complications. Despite the high prevalence of this disease, many challenges remain regarding its diagnosis and treatment. According to many studies, lifestyle modification especially diet is the first line of the treatment in PCOS patients. The aim of this article was to study the principles of nutrition for PCOS patients in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) in comparison with modern medicine...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490770/endocrine-disruptors-a-potential-risk-factor-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Shelley Ehrlich, Donna Lambers, Andrea Baccarelli, Jane Khoury, Maurizio Macaluso, Shuk-Mei Ho
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased dramatically in the past 20 years together with the obesity epidemic. Mirroring the increase in incidence of GDM is increasing use of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). EDCs are structurally similar to endogenous hormones and interfere with synthesis, secretion, activity, or elimination of natural hormones, resulting in adverse health effects, including diabetes, obesity, developmental disorders, etc. Although the association between bisphenol A (BPA), a well-studied EDC, and type 2 diabetes has been repeatedly investigated in epidemiological and animal studies, there is a dearth of studies examining EDCs and GDM...
August 4, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424048/endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-endometriosis
#9
REVIEW
Melissa M Smarr, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Germaine M Buck Louis
Endometriosis is an estrogen dependent gynecologic disease with lasting implications for many women's fertility, somatic health, and overall quality of life. Growing evidence suggests that endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may be etiologically involved in the development and severity of disease. We weigh the available human evidence focusing on EDCs and endometriosis, restricting to research that has individually quantified chemical concentrations for women, included a comparison group of unaffected women, and used multivariable analytic techniques...
September 15, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419327/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
Tracy Williams, Rami Mortada, Samuel Porter
Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrinopathy among reproductive-aged women in the United States, affecting approximately 7% of female patients. Although the pathophysiology of the syndrome is complex and there is no single defect from which it is known to result, it is hypothesized that insulin resistance is a key factor. Metabolic syndrome is twice as common in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome compared with the general population, and patients with polycystic ovary syndrome are four times more likely than the general population to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus...
July 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410167/quality-of-life-and-burnout-rates-across-surgical-specialties-a-systematic-review
#11
Marisa Pulcrano, Stephen R T Evans, Michael Sosin
Importance: Establishing strategies to minimize the burden of burnout and poor quality of life (QOL) on surgeons relies on a thorough understanding of QOL and burnout among the various surgical specialties. Objectives: To systematically review the literature across multiple surgical specialties and provide a comprehensive understanding of QOL and burnout among all surgeons, to delineate variation in rates of burnout and poor QOL, and to elucidate factors that are commonly implicated in these outcomes...
July 13, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321097/flexible-gnrh-antagonist-protocol-vs-long-gnrh-agonist-protocol-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-treated-for-ivf-comparison-of-clinical-outcome-and-embryo-quality
#12
Milan Trenkić, Jasmina Popović, Vesna Kopitović, Artur Bjelica, Radomir Živadinović, Sonja Pop-Trajković
OBJECTIVES: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder, primarily affecting women of the reproductive age. The aim of the study was to assess the clinical efficacy and embryo quality in flexible gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol in comparison to the long GnRH agonist protocol in PCOS women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized study was conducted at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Center Niš, Serbia, between 2013 and 2014...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27300031/fertility-in-women-of-late-reproductive-age-the-role-of-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-levels-in-its-assessment
#13
B Meczekalski, A Czyzyk, M Kunicki, A Podfigurna-Stopa, L Plociennik, G Jakiel, M Maciejewska-Jeske, K Lukaszuk
INTRODUCTION: Fertility is referred to the capability for having offspring and can be evaluated by fertility rate. Women's fertility is strictly dependent on individual's age. The fertility peak occurs in the early 20s, and it starts to decline in the third and fourth decades of life (falling sharply after age 35). AIM: The aim of this work is to review the available data concerning fertility in women of late reproductive age, especially the role of serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels...
November 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275273/the-health-status-of-the-reproductive-system-in-women-living-in-the-aral-sea-region
#14
Yasminur G Turdybekova, Raushan S Dosmagambetova, Symbat U Zhanabayeva, Gena V Bublik, Alik B Kubayev, Zhanbolat G Ibraibekov, Irina L Kopobayeva, Berikbay Zh Kultanov
In order to assess women's reproductive health in the Kyzylorda region (the Aral Sea) of Kazakhstan, 1406 women were involved in an integrated clinical-functional and laboratory examination, given regional and environmental ecological factors. The high level of endocrine gynecological pathology is indicated in the examined women. In both examined zones, there is a late menarche over 16 years old, which is 39%. It is indicated a trend towards younger age of menopause onset. Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs affect a third of the examined women...
September 15, 2015: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241264/possible-relationship-between-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-hormone-dependent-gynecologic-cancers
#15
Selen Dogan, Tayup Simsek
The effects of the natural and synthetic estrogens have been studied for a long time but the data regarding estrogen related chemicals (endocrine disrupting chemicals, EDCs) and their effects on reproductive system are scarce. EDCs are hormone like agents that are readily present in the environment, which may alter the endocrine system of humans and animals. Approximately 800 chemicals are known or suspected to have the potential to function as EDC. Potential role of EDCs on reproductive disease has gained attention in medical literature in recent years...
July 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27172746/positive-expression-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-is-associated-with-a-positive-hormone-receptor-status-in-ovarian-cancer
#16
L Q Wang, W D Zhao, X J Jiao, D L Du, Y S Liu
UNLABELLED: Summary PURPOSE: Ovarian cancer is the most deadly of all gynecologic malignancies, due in part to the diagnosis at an advanced stage caused by the deficiency of specific marks and symptoms, by the absence of reliable tests for screening, and by early detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is known to be involved in the development and promotion of diverse examples of solid tumors including ovarian cancer...
2016: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091510/age-related-differences-in-persistence-in-women-with-breast-cancer-treated-with-tamoxifen-or-aromatase-inhibitors-in-germany
#17
Louis Jacob, Peyman Hadji, Karel Kostev
AIMS: To study age-related persistence in postmenopausal women with endocrine-responsive breast cancer treated with tamoxifen (TAM) and aromatase inhibitors (AI). METHODS: Data on 29,245 patients diagnosed with metastatic or non-metastatic breast cancer (BC) and initially treated with TAM or AI between 2004 and 2013 were included. The primary outcome measure was the age-dependent rate of discontinuation of endocrine treatment within 5years after initiation. Discontinuation of therapy was defined as a period of at least 90days without treatment...
May 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034186/endocrine-and-metabolic-characteristics-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
Dorte Glintborg
Hirsutism affects 5-25% women, and the condition is most often caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The initial evaluation of hirsute patients should include a thorough medical history, clinical evaluation, and standardized blood samples to diagnose the 5% hirsute patients with rare endocrine disorders. The majority of these examinations can be performed by the patient's general practitioner. PCOS is a diagnosis of exclusion and is a multiorgan disease affecting most endocrine organs including ovaries, adrenals, pituitary, fat cells, and endocrine pancreas...
April 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021165/telocytes-in-the-reproductive-organs-current-understanding-and-future-challenges
#19
REVIEW
Dragos Cretoiu, Sanda Maria Cretoiu
Over the past decades, we were witnessing spectacular molecular medicine advances. However, many of the reproductive medicine problems, such as fertility issues and premature birth still represent major challenges for obstetrics and gynecology worldwide. A new cell population - the telocytes (TCs) - were described in the interstitial space of many organs, and their possible implications in many important physiological and pathological processes should not be overlooked. In this article, we present a historical perspective outlining the landmarks in the discovery, evolution and achievements in the field of TCs over the last ten years...
July 2016: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997666/recurrent-miscarriage-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedures-guideline-of-the-dggg-s1-level-awmf-registry-no-%C3%A2-015-050-december-2013
#20
B Toth, W Würfel, M K Bohlmann, G Gillessen-Kaesbach, F Nawroth, N Rogenhofer, C Tempfer, T Wischmann, M von Wolff
Purpose: Official guideline coordinated and published by the German Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG). Aim of the guideline was to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of patients with recurrent miscarriage (RM). Recommendations were proposed, based on the current national and international literature and the experience of the involved physicians. Consistent definitions, objective assessments and standardized therapy were applied. Methods: Members of the different involved societies developed a consensus in an informal process based on the current literature...
November 2015: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
keyword
keyword
68287
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"