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Anesthesiology and IT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677057/newborn-resuscitation-skills-in-health-care-providers-at-a-zambian-tertiary-center-and-comparison-to-world-health-organization-standards
#1
Sara C Mistry, Richard Lin, Hazel Mumphansha, Laura C Kettley, Janaki A Pearson, Sonia Akrimi, David J Mayne, Wonder Hangoma, M Dylan Bould
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is a leading cause of early neonatal death. In 2013, 32% of neonatal deaths in Zambia were attributable to birth asphyxia and trauma. Basic, timely interventions are key to improving outcomes. However, data from the World Health Organization suggest that resuscitation is often not initiated, or is conducted suboptimally. Currently, there are little data on the quality of newborn resuscitation in the context of a tertiary center in a lower-middle income country...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672400/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-pathway-in-esophagectomy-is-a-reasonable-prediction-of-hospital-stay-possible
#2
Paolo Parise, Carlo Ferrari, Andrea Cossu, Francesco Puccetti, Ugo Elmore, Stefano De Pascale, Leonardo Garutti, Uberto Romario Fumagalli, Mariaclelia Stefania Di Serio, Riccardo Rosati
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether perioperative variables or deviation from enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) items could be associated with delayed discharge after esophagectomy, and to convert them into a scoring system to predict it. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: ERAS perioperative pathways have been recently applied to esophageal resections. However, low adherence to ERAS items and high rates of protocol deviations are often reported. METHODS: All patients who underwent esophagectomy between April 2012 and March 2017 were managed with a standardized perioperative pathway according to ERAS principles...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665588/current-technique-and-application-of-percutaneous-cryotherapy
#3
Andreas H Mahnken, Alexander Marc König, Jens Holger Figiel
PURPOSE:  Local ablative therapies have become an established treatment option in interventional oncology. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) are a standard of care in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Currently, there is an increasing interest in cryotherapy, one of the oldest ablation techniques. It has some unique characteristics with regard to technology and mechanism of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A systematic literature search using the terms cryotherapy, cryosurgery and cryoablation was performed...
April 17, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664886/history-of-the-development-of-anesthesia-for-the-dolphin-a-quest-to-study-a-brain-as-large-as-man-s
#4
James G McCormick, Sam H Ridgway
It is important for academic-minded human anesthesiologists to have an interdisciplinary perspective when engaging in cutting-edge research as well as the practice of human anesthesiology. This was a philosophy promoted by Dr. Robert Dripps, former pioneering Chairman of the Anesthesiology Department at the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). Many human and veterinary anesthesiologists as well as biomedical engineers and neuroscientists benefited from Dr. Dripps's constructive outlook personified in the quest to develop dolphin anesthesiology...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642696/periprocedural-and-perioperatory-management-of-patients-with-tricuspid-valve-disease
#5
Fabrizio Monaco, Ambra L DI Prima, Monica DE Luca, Gaia Barucco, Alberto Zangrillo
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common valvular lesion which may affect morbidity and mortality. It can be related to an intrinsic abnormality of the tricuspid valve leaflets (organic) or secondary to annular dilatation (functional). Often organic and functional TR coexist in the same patient. A long standing TR is associated with ascites, congestive hepatopathy, peripheral edema, renal failure, and abdominal fullness which significantly affect the outcome. In particular, the perioperative course may be complicated due to both the presence of comorbidities and the development of a severe postoperative right ventricle (RV) dysfunction...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628830/medical-students-attitude-toward-anesthesia-as-a-future-career
#6
Rakan M AlKhilaiwi, Abdulaleem Alatassi, Amjaad H Almohawis, Turki A Alhumaid, Khalid A Almazyad, Rami T Bustami
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the attitude of medical students at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) toward anesthesia as a specialty and to determine common factors influencing their career choice options. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Methods: The study was conducted between March 25, and April 20, 2017, at KSAU-HS. The survey was distributed among 5th and 6th years medical students...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628572/impact-of-targeted-preoperative-optimization-on-clinical-outcome-in-emergency-abdominal-surgeries-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#7
Ashish Sethi, Miltan Debbarma, Neeraj Narang, Anudeep Saxena, Mamta Mahobia, Gaurav Singh Tomar
Background: Perforation peritonitis continues to be one of the most common surgical emergencies that need a surgical intervention most of the times. Anesthesiologists are invariably involved in managing such cases efficiently in perioperative period. Aims: The assessment and evaluation of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score at presentation and 24 h after goal-directed optimization, administration of empirical broad-spectrum antibiotics, and definitive source control postoperatively...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623382/-the-heart-catheter-table-is-not-the-operating-table-intraindividual-comparison-of-pulmonary-artery-pressures
#8
M U Ziegler, H Reinelt
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery need extensive and invasive monitoring, which needs to be individually adapted for each patient and requires a diligent risk-benefit analysis. The use of a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) seems to be justifiable in certain cases; therefore, the preoperative diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension represents an indication for perioperative monitoring with PAC in the S3 guidelines of the German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI)...
April 5, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603847/inclusion-of-non-english-speaking-patients-in-research-a-single-institution-experience
#9
Rachel Bernier, Erin Halpin, Steven J Staffa, Lindsey Benson, James A DiNardo, Viviane G Nasr
BACKGROUND: Considering the recent increase in medical care provided to patients from foreign countries and the diversity of languages spoken by families living within the United States, it is important to determine whether non-English-speaking patients have access to participate in clinical research from which they may benefit. AIMS: We aimed to determine the number of non-English-speaking patients presenting to Boston Children's Hospital for medical care between 2011 and 2016, the number of clinical research protocols active within the Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine approved to enroll non-English-speaking patients, as well as the number of both non-English- and English-speaking patients approached and enrolled in these studies...
March 30, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594120/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-continuous-peripheral-nerve-block-in-postoperative-analgesia-of-pediatric-patients
#10
REVIEW
Dušica Simić, Marija Stević, Zorana Stanković, Irena Simić, Siniša Dučić, Ivana Petrov, Miodrag Milenović
Postoperative analgesia is imperative in the youngest patients. Pain, especially if experienced during childhood, has numerous adverse effects-from psychological, through complications of the underlying disease (prolonged treatment, hospital stay, and increased costs of the treatment) to an increase in the incidence of death due to the onset of the systemic inflammatory response. Peripheral blocks provide analgesia for 12-16 h, and are safer due to rare side effects that are easier to treat. The continuous peripheral block (CPNB) has been increasingly used in recent years for complete and prolonged analgesia of pediatric patients, as well as a part of multidisciplinary treatment of complex regional pain syndrome...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589456/-laparoscopy-at-the-pediatric-surgery-department-for-a-five-year-period
#11
D Starý, J Tůma, R Doušek, R Macháček, J Škvařil, L Plánka
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopy in small children was developed only after the adoption and verification of basic principles in adult patients and is mostly concentrated in specialized facilities due to the possible complications and necessity of follow-up specialized anesthesiological and post-operative care. In the 1990s, the Clinic of Paediatric Surgery, Orthopaedics and Traumatology at University Hospital Brno was one of the first in the Czech Republic to begin operating on children laparoscopically...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576348/value-of-sarcopenia-assessed-by-computed-tomography-for-the-prediction-of-postoperative-morbidity-following-oncological-colorectal-resection-a-comparison-with-the-malnutrition-screening-tool
#12
G van der Kroft, Dr M J L Bours, Dr M Janssen-Heijnen, Dr C L H van Berlo, Dr J L M Konsten
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) can be used for accurate estimation of whole-body muscle mass and muscle density and for detection of sarcopenia. The goal of this study was to evaluate the additional value of CT measured sarcopenia and muscle attenuation alongside the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) for the prediction of post-operative morbidity after oncological colorectal resection, whilst correcting for known risk factors. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 80 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery in the Netherlands...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564166/advanced-age-does-not-increase-morbidity-in-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#13
Guilherme Naccache Namur, Anna Carolina Batista Dantas, Ricardo Jureidini, Thiago Costa Ribeiro, Ulysses Ribeiro Junior, Estela Figueira, Ivan Cecconello, Telesforo Bacchella
Background: Due to rising life expectancy of population, very complex surgical procedures such as pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), are more commonly being performed in elderly patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety of PD in patients older than 75 years old and the risk factors associated with severe complications. Methods: Patients who underwent PD for periampullary tumors were retrospectively reviewed and divided into two groups, A (<75 years) and B (>75 years)...
February 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550619/recommendations-for-preoperative-management-of-frailty-from-the-society-for-perioperative-assessment-and-quality-improvement-spaqi
#14
Maria Loreto Alvarez-Nebreda, Nathalie Bentov, Richard D Urman, Sabeena Setia, Joe Chin-Sun Huang, Kurt Pfeifer, Katherine Bennett, Thuan D Ong, Deborah Richman, Divya Gollapudi, G Alec Rooke, Houman Javedan
Frailty is an age-related, multi-dimensional state of decreased physiologic reserve that results in diminished resiliency and increased vulnerability to stressors. It has proven to be an excellent predictor of unfavorable health outcomes in the older surgical population. There is agreement in recommending that a frailty evaluation should be part of the preoperative assessment in the elderly. However, the consensus is still building with regards to how it should affect perioperative care. The Society for Perioperative Assessment and Quality Improvement (SPAQI) convened experts in the fields of gerontology, anesthesiology and preoperative assessment to outline practical steps for clinicians to assess and address frailty in elderly patients who require elective intermediate or high risk surgery...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533261/the-anesthesiologist-informatician-a-survey-of-physicians-board-certified-in-both-anesthesiology-and-clinical-informatics
#15
Karl A Poterack, Richard H Epstein, Franklin Dexter
All 36 physicians board-certified in both anesthesiology and clinical informatics as of January 1, 2016, were surveyed via e-mail, with 26 responding. Although most (25/26) generally expressed satisfaction with the clinical informatics boards, and view informatics expertise as important to anesthesiology, most (24/26) thought it unlikely or highly unlikely that substantial numbers of anesthesiology residents would pursue clinical informatics fellowships. Anesthesiologists wishing to qualify for the clinical informatics board examination under the practice pathway need to devote a substantive amount of worktime to informatics...
March 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525422/-what-does-the-internet-teach-the-obstetric-patient-about-labor-analgesia
#16
Mariana Alves Weiss, Luiz Dal Sochio Junior, Fernando Bliacheriene, Caitriona Murphy, Vinod Chinappa, Maria Jose Carmona, Clarita B Margarido
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The general public increased search on the Internet for health information, including Anesthesiology, justifies the study. The objective of this study was to evaluate the information available to the lay person in Portuguese on the internet about labor analgesia for the Brazilian population. METHOD: Using the term "labor anesthesia", the first 20 sites found on Google in November 2014 were evaluated by two resident physicians and classified as medical and non-medical...
March 7, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523995/the-role-of-simulation-training-in-anesthesiology-resident-education
#17
REVIEW
Kazuma Yunoki, Tetsuro Sakai
An increasing number of reports indicate the efficacy of simulation training in anesthesiology resident education. Simulation education helps learners to acquire clinical skills in a safe learning environment without putting real patients at risk. This useful tool allows anesthesiology residents to obtain medical knowledge and both technical and non-technical skills. For faculty members, simulation-based settings provide the valuable opportunity to evaluate residents' performance in scenarios including airway management and regional, cardiac, and obstetric anesthesiology...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523127/positive-predictive-value-of-medical-student-specialty-choices
#18
M Douglas Jones, Traci Yamashita, Randal G Ross, Jennifer Gong
BACKGROUND: Although medical school programs oriented toward postgraduate specialty training have the potential to reduce the duration and cost of medical school for US medical students, success depends on the ability of students to predict their postgraduate specialties. It is clear that first-year choices are poorly predictive, but it is not known when predictions become sufficiently reliable to support specialty-oriented learning programs. We therefore examined the predictive value of specialty preferences expressed at the ends of the first, second and third years of medical school and asked whether concurrent expressions of confidence in choices improved predictive ability...
March 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505442/the-association-between-timing-of-routine-preoperative-blood-testing-and-a-composite-of-30-day-postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality
#19
Kurt Ruetzler, Peirong Lin, Jing You, Yehoshua Schacham, Amanda J Naylor, Daniel I Sessler, Leif Saager
BACKGROUND: Laboratory testing is a common component of preanesthesia evaluation and is designed to identify medical abnormalities that might otherwise remain undetected. While blood testing might optimally be performed shortly before surgery, it is often done earlier for practical reasons. We tested the hypothesis that longer periods between preoperative laboratory testing and surgery are associated with increased odds of having a composite of 30-day morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We obtained preoperative data from 2,320,920 patients in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program who were treated between 2005 and 2012...
March 1, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501230/milestones-in-thoracic-surgery
#20
Puja Gaur Khaitan, Thomas A D'Amico
OBJECTIVE: To highlight some of the legendary figures in the medical field who have paved the path of thoracic surgery today. METHODS: We reviewed historical articles and landmark studies published in anesthesiology, pulmonology, and thoracic surgery, and summarized them as they pertain to current practice. RESULTS: Throughout our article, we have attempted to chronologically depict how our field has evolved, starting from the development of the stethoscope to reconstructing the esophagus using an extracorporeal tube to minimally invasive complex surgeries that we practice today...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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