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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464876/pilot-towards-developing-a-school-mental-health-service-experiences-and-lessons-learnt-in-implementing-kenya-integrated-intervention-model-for-dialogue-and-screening-to-promote-children-s-mental-well-being
#1
Victoria N Mutiso, Christine W Musyimi, Abednego M Musau, Erick S Nandoya, Kwame Mckenzie, David M Ndetei
AIM: This paper aims at documenting the process of implementing "Kenya Integrated intervention model for Dialogue and Screening to promote children's mental wellbeing (KIDS)", with emphasis on activities, experiences, challenges and lessons learnt through the process that can inform improvement in Kenya and other social-economically and culturally similar settings. METHODS: KIDS aimed at providing early and integrated culturally acceptable intervention to promote child mental health in 6 to 13 year olds, targeting 5429 children in 24 schools...
February 21, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450663/children-s-doctor-games-and-nudity-at-danish-childcare-institutions
#2
Else-Marie Buch Leander, Per Lindsø Larsen, Karen Pallesgaard Munk
This article presents the first Danish study of the acceptance of children's nudity and sexuality at Danish childcare institutions. The study revealed an important cultural shift in the attitude toward children's nudity and sexual games, the so-called doctor games. Although these were quite accepted at Danish childcare institutions until the beginning of this century, the study showed that new, pervasive regulations had been established to control the child's body and its sexuality. A new discourse revealed that fear of child sexual abuse, in particular, had influenced views of children's sexual games and nudity and that, at times, the child itself was viewed as a potential threat to other children...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445981/the-impact-of-food-insecurity-on-the-home-emotional-environment-among-low-income-mothers-of-young-children
#3
Monique Gill, Maria Koleilat, Shannon E Whaley
Objectives Household stressors, such as food insecurity, contribute to the home emotional environment and negatively affect child development. Little research on this topic has been conducted among very young children. This study aimed to examine the relationship between food insecurity and the home emotional environment, as well the extent to which the relationship may be mediated by maternal symptoms of depression. Frequency of praise, affection, and discipline of young children by mothers were examined as markers of the home emotional environment...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445979/hispanic-immigrant-father-involvement-with-young-children-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-with-us-born-hispanic-and-white-non-hispanic-fathers
#4
Sylvia Guendelman, Juliet Nussbaum, Ann Soliday, Maureen Lahiff
Objectives Fathering is known to foster child development and health, yet evidence on Hispanic immigrant fathers' involvement with their young children is sparse. This study assessed disparities in pregnancy intendedness and father involvement with children ages 0-4 among Hispanic immigrant co-resident fathers versus two reference groups: US-born Hispanic and US-born White fathers. We hypothesized that differentials in involvement were associated with socioeconomic and cultural factors. Methods Using 2011-2013 data from the National Survey of Family Growth (N = 598), we performed bivariate, logistic and linear regression analyses to assess disparities in pregnancy intendedness and five father involvement outcomes (physical care, warmth, outings, reading and discipline)...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443053/neuroimaging-field-methods-using-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-nirs-neuroimaging-to-study-global-child-development-rural-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Kaja K Jasińska, Sosthène Guei
Portable neuroimaging approaches provide new advances to the study of brain function and brain development with previously inaccessible populations and in remote locations. This paper shows the development of field functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) imaging to the study of child language, reading, and cognitive development in a rural village setting of Côte d'Ivoire. Innovation in methods and the development of culturally appropriate neuroimaging protocols allow a first-time look into the brain's development and children's learning outcomes in understudied environments...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436982/examining-the-association-between-executive-functions-and-developmental-domains-of-low-income-children-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#6
Mubeccel Gonen, Tulin Guler-Yildiz, Ayca Ulker-Erdem, Aileen Garcia, Helen Raikes, Ibrahim H Acar, Feyza Ozkan-Yildiz, Ipek Karlidag, Sukran Ucus, Dawn L Davis
This study examined the relations between executive functions and developmental domains of preschool children from low-income families through an intercultural perspective in the U.S. and Turkey. A total of 471 children and their primary caregivers participated in the Turkey part of the study, while 286 children and their parents engaged in U.S. SAMPLE: Regression analyses revealed that fine motor, problem solving, and executive functions of children between two contexts were significantly different from each other...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433666/similarities-and-differences-in-child-development-from-birth-to-age-3-years-by-sex-and-across-four-countries-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#7
Ilgi Ozturk Ertem, Vibha Krishnamurthy, Mphelekedzeni C Mulaudzi, Yanina Sguassero, Hakan Balta, Ozlem Gulumser, Burcu Bilik, Roopa Srinivasan, Benjamin Johnson, Geliang Gan, Lisa Calvocoressi, Veronika Shabanova, Brian W C Forsyth
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about typical development is of fundamental importance for understanding and promoting child health and development. We aimed to ascertain when healthy children in four culturally and linguistically different countries attain developmental milestones and to identify similarities and differences across sexes and countries. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, observational study, we recruited children aged 0-42 months and their caregivers between March 3, 2011, and May 18, 2015, at 22 health clinics in Argentina, India, South Africa, and Turkey...
March 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423583/beliefs-about-child-tv-viewing-in-low-income-mexican-american-parents-of-preschoolers-development-of-the-beliefs-about-child-tv-viewing-scale-b-tv
#8
Darcy A Thompson, Susan L Johnson, Sarah J Schmiege, Elizabeth A Vandewater, Richard E Boles, Jerusha Lev, Jeanne M Tschann
Objectives Parental beliefs about child television viewing may affect the way parents regulate child television viewing. Despite this, little research has focused on the development of measures of parental beliefs about child television viewing, particularly among ethnic minority parents and parents of young children. This study's objective was to develop and test a culturally-based measure of parental beliefs about television viewing in low-income Mexican American mothers of preschoolers. Methods Using a cross-sectional study design, 22 items reflecting parental beliefs about influences of TV on children were developed and assessed for psychometric properties in a sample of 312 low-income Mexican American mothers of preschoolers...
February 8, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422037/coping-strategies-of-women-with-postpartum-depression-symptoms-in-rural-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-community-study
#9
Telake Azale, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Most women with postpartum depression (PPD) in low- and middle-income countries remain undiagnosed and untreated, despite evidence for adverse effects on the woman and her child. The aim of this study was to identify the coping strategies used by women with PPD symptoms in rural Ethiopia to inform the development of socio-culturally appropriate interventions. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in a predominantly rural district in southern Ethiopia...
February 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412451/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-postpartum-depression-in-women-from-single-child-families
#10
Ribo Xiong, Aiwen Deng, Bo Wan, Yan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) and its associated factors among women without siblings from south China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 468 mothers from single-child families who were assessed at 6 weeks after childbirth at a tertiary hospital in Guangzhou, China, from June 2015 to July 2016. The Chinese version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and a self-designed questionnaire regarding risk factors were administered to all participants...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409395/like-mother-like-child-the-influences-of-maternal-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-weight-related-health-behaviors-in-their-children
#11
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jia Guo, Jill Howie Esquivel, Catherine A Chesla
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global health issue, yet little is known about the influence of maternal factors on children's weight-related health behaviors (dietary habits and physical activity), especially in China. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of maternal factors on children's eating behaviors and physical activity in Chinese preschool-age children. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was utilized to describe weight-related health behaviors among preschool-aged children and identify maternal factors that are associated with children's weight-related health behaviors in China...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408380/parent-child-feeding-practices-in-a-developing-country-findings-from-the-family-diet-study
#12
Wai Yew Yang, Tracy Burrows, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Lauren T Williams, Clare E Collins, Winnie Siew Swee Chee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Given the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity in Malaysia, examination of family environmental factors is warranted. Reviews from developed countries report inconsistent findings on the relationship between parental-child feeding practices and child weight-related health outcomes. The current study aimed to examine parent-child feeding practices by familial-child characteristics in Malaysia. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The Family Diet Study was conducted with urban Malay families and included a child aged 8-12 years and their main carer(s)...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403227/evaluation-of-the-relevance-of-piaget-s-cognitive-principles-among-parented-and-orphan-children-in-belagavi-city-karnataka-india-a-comparative-study
#13
Chandrashekhar M Badakar, Prachi J Thakkar, Shivayogi M Hugar, Pratibha Kukreja, Harsha G Assudani, Niraj Gokhale
Aim: To determine and compare the relevance of Piaget's cognitive principles among 4- to 7-year-old parented and orphan children in Belagavi City, Karnataka, India. Materials and methods: This study was conducted on 240 children between the ages of 4 to 7 years who were equally divided into two groups of 120 parented and 120 orphan children. These were subdivided into four groups of 30 children each. Various characteristics like egocentrism, concept of cardinal numbers based on centration, lack of conservation, and reversibility were assessed, using experiments and comparison of their prevalence between two groups was carried out...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402265/a-qualitative-study-of-developing-beliefs-about-health-illness-and-healthcare-in-migrant-african-women-with-gestational-diabetes-living-in-sweden
#14
Katarina Hjelm, Karin Bard, Jan Apelqvist
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is associated with health risks for both mother and child, and is particularly relevant to migrant women and women of African origin. With today's extensive global migration, contact with the new society and health system confronts the migrant's culture of origin with the culture of the host country. The question is whether immigrants' patterns of beliefs about health, illness, and health-related behaviour change over time, as no previous studies have been found on this topic...
February 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397962/clearance-of-tunneled-central-venous-catheter-associated-blood-stream-infections-in-children
#15
Maziar M Nourian, Angelina L Schwartz, Austin Stevens, Eric R Scaife, Brian T Bucher
BACKGROUND: The optimal time to reinsert central venous catheters (tCVC) after a documented central line associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) is unclear. The goal of this study is to identify risk factors for children who develop persistent bacteremia after tCVC removal due to CLABSI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study from a tertiary children's hospital. Children who underwent removal of a tCVC due to CLABSI were included in our analysis. Our primary outcome was persistent bacteremia after tCVC removal defined by a persistently positive blood culture...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397497/trends-in-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-from-1985-to-2014-racial-and-ethnic-disparity-observed-from-multiple-national-surveys
#16
Hongxia Li, Andrew R Hansen, Zachary McGalliard, Laura Gover, Fei Yan, Jian Zhang
Objective Current report assessed the trends in smoking prevalence and the percentage of smoking cessation during pregnancy among women from three major races/ethnicities. Methods Data were collected between 1999 and 2014 from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Smoking habits of women while pregnant with the child sampled by NHANES were assessed retrospectively. A total of 28,090 women who gave live birth between 1985 and 2014 were included. The prevalence ratios (PRs) of smoking and quitting smoking during pregnancy were calculated...
February 3, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382238/factors-affecting-participation-in-physical-activities-in-saudi-children-with-down-syndrome-mothers-perspectives
#17
Reem M Alwhaibi, Hayfa M Aldugahishem
PURPOSE: Physical activity provides a wide range of benefits. Several studies conducted in various countries have examined factors influencing participation in physical activities in children with Down syndrome. This study aimed to explore factors affecting participation in physical activities in Saudi children with DS, from their mothers' perspectives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 36 mothers of children with Down syndrome to explore facilitators of and barriers to their children's participation in physical activities...
January 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374482/what-is-known-about-pathways-to-mental-health-care-for-australian-aboriginal-young-people-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Alexandra Kilian, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVES: To (1) gain an understanding of current trajectories of Aboriginal young people through the mental health care system in Australia; (2) summarize what mental health care pathways have been developed or evaluated to guide mental health care delivery for Aboriginal young people; and (3) identify barriers and facilitators to the adoption of effective mental health care pathways for Aboriginal young people. METHODS: Databases, including, AMED, Embase, Global Health, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, Healthstar, MEDLINE, PsychINFO via Ovid, CINAHL via EBSCO, The Cochrane Library, Indigenous Collections, Informit and Health Systems Evidence, were searched to identify evidence concerning mental health service delivery for Aboriginal young people in a primary care setting...
January 27, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362260/cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-multicomponent-intervention-to-support-the-implementation-of-policies-and-practices-that-promote-healthier-environments-at-junior-sports-clubs-study-protocol
#19
Sharin Milner, Shauna Sherker, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Julia Dray, Nadya Zukowski, Sharleen Gonzalez, Melanie Kingsland, Jia Ying Ooi, Allan Murphy, Daisy Brooke, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: A large proportion of children and adolescents participate in organised sport, making community sports clubs a promising setting to support healthy behaviours. To date, however, there have been few interventions conducted in junior sports clubs that have targeted health-promoting practices. The primary aim of this pilot study is to assess the potential effectiveness of an intervention to implement health-promoting policies and practices in junior sporting clubs targeting alcohol and tobacco practices, healthy food and beverage availability, and physical activity via participation in sport...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359432/gender-roles-food-system-biodiversity-and-food-security-in-indigenous-peoples-communities
#20
Harriet V Kuhnlein
Traditional knowledge and practice of Indigenous Peoples related to their food use and well-being is a wealth of information for academic study and for public health nutrition. Despite unique long-evolved heritages of knowledge of ecosystem resources, Indigenous Peoples comprise 15% of the global poor, but only 5% of the world's population, and they experience poverty, discrimination, and poor nutritional health at far greater rates than mainstream populations in their nations of residence. These disparities are unacceptable in all human rights frameworks, and the call to alleviate them resonates through all human development programmes and the United Nations organizations...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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