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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222877/critical-examination-of-evidence-for-the-nutritional-status-of-children-in-papua-new-guinea-a-systematic-review
#1
Peter J McGlynn, Andre μΝ Renzaho, Minh D Pham, Mike Toole, Jane Fisher, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Undernutrition remains a significant cause of childhood illness, poor growth, development, and death in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Studies on child nutritional outcomes in PNG vary by design, measurement protocols and quality. We conducted a systematic review to assess the evidence for the prevalence of child undernutrition across different study populations, geographical locations and time periods. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Six electronic databases and additional grey literature were searched for articles describing the nutritional status by wasting, stunting and underweight, of PNG children under five years of age, published between 1990 and April 2015...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221423/assess-identify-make-it-happen-aim-for-preschools-a-tool-to-decrease-early-childhood-obesity
#2
Charlotte V Farewell, Jini E Puma, Jamie Powers, Elaine S Belansky
Early childhood obesity is at epidemic proportions and is a major risk factor for the development of chronic diseases in adulthood. Since the majority of preschoolers are placed in center-based care, best practice policy, system, and environment (PSE) changes in early child care settings plays an important role in defining early development of obesogenic behaviors. However, implementation of best practice PSE changes is often a challenge in low resource settings due to staff turnover, time constraints, cultural beliefs, and lack of health-related knowledge...
December 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219085/perceptions-about-data-informed-decisions-an-assessment-of-information-use-in-high-hiv-prevalence-settings-in-south-africa
#3
Edward Nicol, Debbie Bradshaw, Jeannine Uwimana-Nicol, Lilian Dudley
BACKGROUND: Information-use is an integral component of a routine health information system and essential to influence policy-making, program actions and research. Despite an increased amount of routine data collected, planning and resource-allocation decisions made by health managers for managing HIV programs are often not based on data. This study investigated the use of information, and barriers to using routine data for monitoring the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs in two high HIV-prevalence districts in South Africa...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209700/early-development-of-emotional-competence-edec-assessment-tool-for-children-with-complex-communication-needs-development-and-evidence
#4
Ji Young Na, Krista Wilkinson, Jiali Liang
Purpose: This article introduces and provides initial data supporting "The Early Development of Emotional Competence (EDEC): A tool for children with complex communication needs (CCNs)." The EDEC was developed to raise awareness about the relation of language and emotional competence and to maximize the likelihood that intervention includes language to discuss emotions in ways that are consistent with the values and goals of the family. Method: First, the theoretical and clinical foundations of the EDEC development were discussed...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201773/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-in-republic-of-indonesia
#5
REVIEW
David H Muljono
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections pose serious problems in terms of public health and clinical intervention in a country with approximately 250 million people, who live in more than 17,000 islands. Efforts to combat HBV and HCV have been made through the implementation of universal infant hepatitis B immunization, blood screening, and other health promotion actions, and building epidemiological data to develop intervention strategies. A nationwide study in 2013 revealed hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) prevalence of 7...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201415/contraceptive-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-group-in-southern-nations-nationalities-and-peoples-region-ethiopia-cross-sectional-survey-mixed-methods
#6
Misganu Endriyas, Akine Eshete, Emebet Mekonnen, Tebeje Misganaw, Mekonnen Shiferaw, Sinafikish Ayele
Background: Though contraceptive utilization has comprehensive benefit for women, it was one of underutilized public intervention in Ethiopia and in the study area. Thus, assessing status and factors affecting contraceptive utilization among women of reproductive age group was found key step for program improvement. Methods: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2015 in Southern Nations and Nationalities Peoples' Region, Ethiopia...
2017: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190374/scaling-up-newborn-care-in-afghanistan-opportunities-and-challenges-for-the-health-sector
#7
Malalai Naziri, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Zelaikha Anwari, Khaksar Yousufi, Karla Fossand, Sher Shah Amin, David B Hipgrave, Sherin Varkey
Newborn health in Afghanistan is receiving increased attention, but reduction in newborn deaths there has not kept pace with declines in maternal and child mortality. Using the continuum of care and health systems building block frameworks, this article identifies, organizes and provides a synthesis of the available evidence on and gaps in coverage of care and health systems, programmes, policies and practices related to newborn health in Afghanistan. Newborn mortality in Afghanistan is related to the nation's weak health system, itself associated with decades of conflict, low and uneven coverage of essential interventions, demand-side and cultural specificities, and compromised quality...
November 27, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183289/youth-experiences-of-transition-from-child-mental-health-services-to-adult-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-thematic-synthesis
#8
Kathleen L Broad, Vijay K Sandhu, Nadiya Sunderji, Alice Charach
BACKGROUND: Adolescence and young adulthood is a vulnerable time during which young people experience many development milestones, as well as an increased incidence of mental illness. During this time, youth also transition between Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) to Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS). This transition puts many youth at risk of disengagement from service use; however, our understanding of this transition from the perspective of youth is limited. This systematic review aims to provide a more comprehensive understanding of youth experiences of transition from CAMHS to AMHS, through a qualitative thematic synthesis of the extant literature in this area...
November 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179758/developmental-performance-of-hospitalized-severely-acutely-malnourished-under-six-children-in-low-income-setting
#9
Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Retrospective studies show that severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects child development. However, to what extent SAM affects children of different ages at its acute stage is not well documented. This study was aimed at comparing the developmental performance of severely acutely malnourished children under six with that of age and gender-matched non-malnourished healthy children. METHODS: The developmental performances of 310 children with SAM (male = 155, female = 155); mean age = 30...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177442/increased-27-hydroxycholesterol-production-during-luteolysis-may-mediate-the-progressive-decline-in-progesterone-secretion
#10
Yafei Xu, Scot M Hutchison, José J Hernández-Ledezma, Randy L Bogan
STUDY QUESTION: Does 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OH) actively facilitate the progression of luteolysis? SUMMARY ANSWER: There is increased mRNA expression of the enzyme that produces 27OH during luteolysis in vivo in rhesus macaques and sheep, and 27OH reduces progesterone secretion from human luteinized granulosa cells. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There is an increase in mRNA expression of liver x receptor (LXR) and a decrease in sterol regulatory element binding protein 2 (SREBP2) target genes during spontaneous luteolysis in primates, which could result in reduced cholesterol availability for steroidogenesis...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168438/impact-of-sex-composition-of-living-children-and-couples-agreement-on-subsequent-fertility-in-india
#11
Anshul Kastor, Sayantani Chatterjee
The desire for children could be considered a reliable predictor of subsequent fertility. At the same time, the sex composition of surviving children, along with other demographic and socioeconomic factors, may affect a couple's fertility desire and, therefore, their subsequent fertility. This study examined the impact of the sex composition of living children and a couple's agreement on fertility desire on their subsequent fertility in India using data came from two rounds of nationally representative surveys: the India Human Development Survey (IHDS)-I (2004-05) and IHDS-II (2011-12)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167586/promoting-pluralism-in-counselling-an-untapped-source-of-relational-mapping-as-therapeutic-process
#12
Donna Carlyle
This paper discusses the merits of pluralism in practice. It argues for a wider recognition of creative and integrative approaches, such as those used in the field of children's geographies (involving places and spaces), as a way of unlocking practitioner potential and innovation. By re-thinking child and human development, viewing it as socially, culturally and philosophically bound, through the proposed concept of 'vectors of entanglements', the author seeks to demonstrate and encourage the application of hybrid approaches across multi-disciplinary fields...
2017: International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163857/italian-translation-and-cross-cultural-comparison-with-the-childhood-attachment-and-relational-trauma-screen-carts
#13
A Simonelli, C Sacchi, L Cantoni, M Brown, P Frewen
Background: The Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen (CARTS) is a computer-administered survey designed to assess retrospectively the socio-ecological context in which instances of child abuse may have occurred. To date, studies supporting the validity of the CARTS have only been undertaken in English-speaking North American populations. Validation projects in other countries and cross-cultural comparisons are therefore warranted. Objective: Develop and preliminarily evaluate the psychometric properties of an Italian version of the CARTS on college students and compare such observations to data acquired from Canadian students...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163667/understanding-the-unique-experiences-perspectives-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-of-very-young-adolescents-somali-refugees-in-ethiopia
#14
Luis Ortiz-Echevarria, Meghan Greeley, Tenaw Bawoke, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Kobe Refugee camp hosts roughly 39,000 refugees displaced from Somalia during the 2011-2012 Horn of Africa Crisis. Sexual and reproductive health, as with the greater issues of health and well-being for adolescents displaced from this crisis remain largely unknown and neglected. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins University, and International Medical Corps in Ethiopia, implemented qualitative and quantitative research to explore the factors and risks that impact the health of very young adolescents (VYAs), those 10-14 years of age, in this setting...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162717/reference-values-for-the-6-min-walk-distance-6mwt-in-healthy-children-aged-7-to-12-years-in-brazil-main-results-of-the-tc6minbrasil-multi-center-study
#15
Lucas de Assis Pereira Cacau, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Alessandro Dos Santos Pin, Carlos Raphael Araujo Daniel, Daisy Satomi Ykeda, Eliane Maria de Carvalho, Juliana Valente Francica, Luíza Martins Faria, Mansueto Gomes-Neto, Marcelo Fernandes, Marcelo Velloso, Marlus Karsten, Patrícia de Sá Barros, Valter Joviniano de Santana-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Brazil is a country with great climatic, socioeconomic, and cultural differences that does not yet have a reference value for the 6-min walk test (6MWT) in healthy children. To avoid misinterpretation, the use of equations to predict the maximum walking distance should be established in each country. OBJECTIVES: We sought to establish reference values and to develop an equation to predict the 6-min walk distance (6MWT) for healthy children in Brazil...
November 21, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161645/the-impact-of-domestic-violence-exposure-on-south-asian-children-in-the-united-states-perspectives-of-domestic-violence-agency-staff
#16
Maya I Ragavan, Tsion Fikre, Uma Millner, Megan Bair-Merritt
The South Asian community is the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States, and past research suggests that South Asian domestic violence (DV) survivors may require culturally-specific resources. Similarly, South Asian children in the US exposed to DV may have unique responses and needs, but this has not been explored to date. The objective of this study was to examine the specific needs of South Asian children exposed to DV from the vantage point of staff from South Asian DV agencies across the United States...
November 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144448/regeneration-of-the-entire-human-epidermis-using-transgenic-stem-cells
#17
Tobias Hirsch, Tobias Rothoeft, Norbert Teig, Johann W Bauer, Graziella Pellegrini, Laura De Rosa, Davide Scaglione, Julia Reichelt, Alfred Klausegger, Daniela Kneisz, Oriana Romano, Alessia Secone Seconetti, Roberta Contin, Elena Enzo, Irena Jurman, Sonia Carulli, Frank Jacobsen, Thomas Luecke, Marcus Lehnhardt, Meike Fischer, Maximilian Kueckelhaus, Daniela Quaglino, Michele Morgante, Silvio Bicciato, Sergio Bondanza, Michele De Luca
Junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) is a severe and often lethal genetic disease caused by mutations in genes encoding the basement membrane component laminin-332. Surviving patients with JEB develop chronic wounds to the skin and mucosa, which impair their quality of life and lead to skin cancer. Here we show that autologous transgenic keratinocyte cultures regenerated an entire, fully functional epidermis on a seven-year-old child suffering from a devastating, life-threatening form of JEB. The proviral integration pattern was maintained in vivo and epidermal renewal did not cause any clonal selection...
November 16, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142203/mode-of-delivery-and-child-and-adolescent-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#18
Cherry Y Leung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) is thought to affect gut microbiota, which in turn may affect psychological well-being. As such, mode of delivery is potentially a modifiable factor for psychological well-being. Here we examined the association of mode of delivery with child and adolescent psychological well-being. We used multivariable linear regression in a population-representative Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort, "Children of 1997," to examine the adjusted associations of mode of delivery with behavioral problems assessed from parent-reported Rutter score at ~7 (n = 6294) and ~11 years (n = 5598), self-esteem assessed from self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory score at ~11 years (n = 6937) and depressive symptoms assessed from self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at ~13 years (n = 5797)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141958/dna-methylation-defines-regional-identity-of-human-intestinal-epithelial-organoids-and-undergoes-dynamic-changes-during-development
#19
Judith Kraiczy, Komal M Nayak, Kate J Howell, Alexander Ross, Jessica Forbester, Camilla Salvestrini, Roxana Mustata, Sally Perkins, Amanda Andersson-Rolf, Esther Leenen, Anke Liebert, Ludovic Vallier, Philip C Rosenstiel, Oliver Stegle, Gordon Dougan, Robert Heuschkel, Bon-Kyoung Koo, Matthias Zilbauer
OBJECTIVE: Human intestinal epithelial organoids (IEOs) are increasingly being recognised as a highly promising translational research tool. However, our understanding of their epigenetic molecular characteristics and behaviour in culture remains limited. DESIGN: We performed genome-wide DNA methylation and transcriptomic profiling of human IEOs derived from paediatric/adult and fetal small and large bowel as well as matching purified human gut epithelium. Furthermore, organoids were subjected to in vitro differentiation and genome editing using CRISPR/Cas9 technology...
November 15, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138172/framework-for-building-primary-care-capacity-to-address-the-social-determinants-of-health
#20
Andrew D Pinto, Gary Bloch
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Family physicians have long understood that social factors influence the health of individuals and communities; however, most primary care organizations have yet to develop the capacity to specifically address these social determinants of health (SDOH). OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To support SDOH interventions and foster an organizational culture in which addressing SDOH is considered part of high-quality primary care. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: An academic family health team in Toronto, Ont, established a committee comprising a diverse group of health professionals focused on the SDOH...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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