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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107098/early-initiation-of-breastfeeding-among-maya-mothers-in-the-western-highlands-of-guatemala
#1
Natalie N Atyeo, Tahvi D Frank, Emma F Vail, William A L Sperduto, David L Boyd
BACKGROUND: Guatemala exhibits the sixth highest rate of child stunting worldwide, and stunting disproportionately affects Guatemala indigenous communities. In a country struggling to combat this result of malnutrition, early child nutrition is especially critical. Specifically, early initiation of breastfeeding is important for the development of newborn infants. Understanding beliefs and practices related to early initiation of breastfeeding in Maya Guatemala may provide an avenue to guide nutrition interventions in indigenous communities...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095917/social-and-traditional-practices-and-their-implications-for-family-planning-a-participatory-ethnographic-study-in-renk-south-sudan
#2
Khalifa Elmusharaf, Elaine Byrne, Diarmuid O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: Understanding what determines family size is crucial for programmes that aim to provide family planning services during and after conflicts. Recent research found that development agents in post conflict settings do not necessarily take time to understand the context adequately, translate their context understanding into programming, or adjust programming in the light of changes. South Sudan, a country that has been suffering from war for almost 50 years, has one of the highest maternal death rates and the lowest contraceptive utilization rates in the world...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089405/use-of-essential-oils-following-traumatic-burn-injury-a-case-study
#3
Kathleen Jopke, Heather Sanders, Rosemary White-Traut
Hospital admissions related to burn injury reach 40,000 annually. Patients who experience extensive burns require longer hospital stays and are at increased risk for infection and hospital acquired conditions. This comparative case study is a two patient matched case control design that follows the hospital course of two children who experienced burn injuries. For one of these patients, with the consent of the child's parents, the grandmother treated her granddaughter with essential oils. Essential oils have the potential to inhibit microbial growth, support treatment of wounds, and facilitate healing...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073100/investigating-the-use-of-appropriation-in-the-writing-of-a-child-with-autism-a-case-study
#4
Jamie Maxwell, Christine Weill, Jack Damico
This case study investigated how a 10year old child with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder), Kameron (pseudonym), utilized appropriation as a writing strategy in the context of group therapy. Using the same questions as Lensmire and Beals (1994) in their study of a typically developing third-grader, written products were collected over the course of one semester and analyzed, along with video, audio, and participant observation data, to consider the following questions: 1) Where did the material come from? 2) What was taken? and 3) How was it used? Analysis of the process of Kameron's writing revealed utilization of appropriation as a strategy for 2 of the 4 written products...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061039/long-term-breastfeeding-in-african-american-mothers
#5
Tyra Toston Gross, Marsha Davis, Alex K Anderson, Jori Hall, Karen Hilyard
BACKGROUND: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 39.1% of African American infants are breastfed at 6 months. However, few studies have explored the breastfeeding experiences of African American women who successfully breastfeed to 6 months or longer durations. Research aim: The goal of this qualitative study was to explore the long-term breastfeeding experiences of low-income African American women using the positive deviance approach. METHODS: African American women with breastfeeding experience were recruited through Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counselors...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044302/disseminated-cryptococcosis-in-an-immunocompetent-child
#6
Bhawna Bhutoria Jain, Debdas Bose, Rajat Mondal, Sarbani Chattopadhyay
A case of disseminated cryptococcus infection in an immunocompetent host is described. The present case attests to the importance of using a cautious approach for the diagnosis of granulomatous lymphadenitis. The patient was initially misdiagnosed and treated as disseminated tuberculosis. Later the patient developed visual loss and skin lesions. Periodic Acid Schiff stained sections of lymph node biopsy and cerebrospinal fluid culture established the diagnosis.
2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043487/the-difficulties-of-childhood-tuberculosis-diagnosis
#7
A M Djouahra, M Ifticene, D Yala, F Boulahbal
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The WHO estimate that 8.8millions new cases of tuberculosis occurred in 2010, (between 8.5 and 9.2millions) linked to 1.45millions death cases. The load of children tuberculosis is estimated at 10-15 per cent of the total load. In 2014 more than one million children have developed the disease. The children just as adults are exposed to contract and develop the multi resistant forms of the tuberculosis, constituting a major issue for the disease control. The children less than 5years of age are the most exposed to present the most serious and more often deadly forms of the illness...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033485/acculturation-needs-of-pediatric-international-medical-graduates-a-qualitative-study
#8
Amanda D Osta, Michelle M Barnes, Regina Pessagno, Alan Schwartz, Laura E Hirshfield
: Phenomenon: International medical graduates (IMGs) play a key role in host countries' health systems but face unique challenges, which makes effective, tailored support for IMGs essential. Prior literature describing the acculturation needs of IMGs focused primarily on communication content and style. We conducted a qualitative study to explore acculturation that might be specific to IMG residents who care for children. APPROACH: In a study conducted from November 2011 to April 2012, we performed four 90-minute semistructured focus groups with 26 pediatric IMG residents from 12 countries...
December 29, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025573/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pythium-insidiosum-corneal-ulcer-in-a-chinese-child-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Hong He, Hongshan Liu, Xiaolian Chen, Jiaochan Wu, Miao He, Xingwu Zhong
BACKGROUND Pythium insidiosum keratitis is a rare but sight-threatening disease with a high morbidity rate. It can be misdiagnosed as fungal keratitis in clinic settings. We report a case of severe Pythium insidiosum keratitis in a Chinese child, treated with combined approaches. CASE REPORT A 7-year-old boy from Hainan province in the south of China developed a suppurative corneal ulcer after being in a forest. A mass of hyphae was detected by confocal imaging in vivo, fungal smear test, and histochemical examination...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017626/an-examination-of-the-food-allergy-quality-of-life-questionnaire-performance-in-a-countrywide-american-sample-of-children-cross-cultural-differences-in-age-and-impact-in-the-united-states-and-europe
#10
Audrey DunnGalvin, Elizabeth Koman, Elizabeth Raver, Hayley Frome, Melissa Adams, Aisleen Keena, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Patricia Leahy Gallagher, Bertine Flokstra-de Blok, Anthony Dubois, Katarzyna Pyrz, Cartsen Bindslev-Jensen, Anette Stensgaard, Robert Boyle, Bea Vickers, Jared Smith, Umasunthar Thisanayagam, Matthew Greenhawt
BACKGROUND: It is important to ensure that tools are valid and reliable in the context in which they are used. The development of age and country norms is part of this process. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the present study was to examine the performance of the Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire - Parent Form (FAQLQ-PF) in a countrywide American sample of children with food allergy. The secondary aim was to compare age differences in impact across 9 European countries...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005241/home-environmental-influences-on-childhood-obesity-in-the-latino-population-a-decade-review-of-literature
#11
REVIEW
Alejandra Ochoa, Jerica M Berge
Latinos are the largest and fastest-growing ethnically diverse group in the United States. Latino children are also among the most overweight and obese ethnic groups of children in the United States. Research over the last decade has identified the home environment as a key influence on the diet and physical activity of children. To summarize cross-sectional and longitudinal research that has identified factors within the home environment of Latino families that are associated with childhood obesity and to provide recommendations for future research and intervention development with Latino families...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997477/an-examination-of-the-self-directed-online-leadership-learning-choices-of-public-health-professionals-the-maternal-and-child-health-public-health-leadership-institute-experience
#12
Claudia S P Fernandez, Cheryl C Noble, Elizabeth T Jensen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the self-selected asynchronous leadership module-based learning choices of public health professionals participating in the Maternal and Child Health Public Health Leadership Institute (MCH PHLI). METHODS: Online module completion and evaluation data were used to determine the topics most utilized by the Fellows; whether the topics and mode of training were acceptable, relevant, and practical; and whether participant characteristics explained any usage patterns...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995697/language-development-delay-and-intervention-the-views-of-parents-from-communities-that-speech-and-language-therapy-managers-in-england-consider-to-be-under-served
#13
Julie Marshall, Sam Harding, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice includes research evidence, clinical expertise and stakeholder perspectives. Stakeholder perspectives are important and include parental ethno-theories, which embrace views about many aspects of speech, language and communication, language development, and interventions. The Developmental Niche Framework provides a useful theory to understand parental beliefs. Ethnotheories, including those about language development, delay and interventions, may vary cross culturally and are less well understood in relation to families who may be considered 'under-served' or 'hard-to-reach' by speech and language therapy services...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988331/parental-warmth-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-puerto-rican-children-in-two-different-socio-cultural-contexts
#14
Olga Santesteban-Echarri, María A Ramos-Olazagasti, Ruth E Eisenberg, Chiaying Wei, Héctor R Bird, Glorisa Canino, Cristiane S Duarte
BACKGROUND: Parental warmth (PW) has a strong influence on child development and may precede the onset of psychiatric disorders in children. PW is interconnected with other family processes (e.g., coercive discipline) that may also influence the development of psychiatric disorders in children. We prospectively examined the association between PW and child psychiatric disorders (anxiety, major depression disorder, ADHD, disruptive behavior disorders) over the course of three years among Puerto Rican youth, above and beyond the influence of other family factors...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978827/assessing-the-universal-health-coverage-target-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#15
Audrey R Chapman
BACKGROUND: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted in September 2015, include a comprehensive health goal, "to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being at all ages." The health goal (SDG 3) has nine substantive targets and four additional targets which are identified as a means of implementation. One of these commitments, to achieve universal health coverage (UHC), has been acknowledged as central to the achievement of all of the other health targets. As defined in the SDGs, UHC includes financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services, and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all...
December 15, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977540/empowerment-of-parents-in-the-intensive-care-questionnaire-translation-and-validation-in-italian-picus
#16
Andrea Wolfler, Alberto Giannini, Martina Finistrella, Ida Salvo, Edoardo Calderini, Giulia Frasson, Immacolata Dall'Oglio, Michela Di Furia, Rossella Iuzzolino, Massimo Musicco, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: To translate and validate the EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care questionnaire to measure parent satisfaction and experiences in Italian PICUs. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter study. SETTING: Four medical/surgical Italian PICUs in three tertiary hospitals. PATIENTS: Families of children, 0-16 years old, admitted to the PICUs were invited to participate. Inclusion criteria were PICU length of stay greater than 24 hours and good comprehension of Italian language by parents/guardians...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968843/differences-in-perceived-causes-of-childhood-obesity-between-migrant-and-local-communities-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#17
Bai Li, Rong Lin, Wei Liu, Jingyi Chen, Weijia Liu, Kar Keung Cheng, Miranda Pallan, Peymane Adab, Laura Jones
BACKGROUND: In China, obesity has traditionally affected the more affluent urban children, but the problem is spreading to a wider social group, including children who have migrated from rural to urban areas. Customised interventions are needed to prevent further growth in the prevalence of obesity among these migrant children. Exploring the perceptions of key stakeholders regarding the causes of childhood obesity can provide valuable insights, but no qualitative studies have addressed this issue...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928511/latino-hispanic-alzheimer-s-caregivers-experiencing-dementia-related-dressing-issues-corroboration-of-the-preservation-of-self-model-and-reactions-to-a-smart-dresser-computer-based-dressing-aid
#18
Diane Feeney Mahoney, David W Coon, Cecil Lozano
OBJECTIVE: To gain an understanding of Latino/Hispanic caregivers' dementia-related dressing issues, their impressions of using a "smart" context-aware dresser to coach dressing, and recommendations to improve its acceptability. METHOD: The same Latina moderator conducted all the caregiver focus groups. She followed a semi-structured interview guide that was previously used with White and African American family caregivers who experienced Alzheimer's disease related dressing challenges...
November 2016: Digit Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923337/-child-soldiers-as-refugees-in-germany
#19
Dima Zito
Child Soldiers as Refugees in Germany How do former child soldiers cope with their potentially traumatic experiences, and how do the living conditions as refugees influence these coping processes? A dissertation at the faculty of human and social sciences at the University of Wuppertal, based on biographical-narrative interviews with 15 young refugees from six African countries, describes the characteristics of the traumatic sequences in the countries of origin and in exile, and elaborates typical coping processes...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920058/a-novel-somatic-mutation-achieves-partial-rescue-in-a-child-with-hutchinson-gilford-progeria-syndrome
#20
Daniel Z Bar, Martin F Arlt, Joan F Brazier, Wendy E Norris, Susan E Campbell, Peter Chines, Delphine Larrieu, Stephen P Jackson, Francis S Collins, Thomas W Glover, Leslie B Gordon
BACKGROUND: Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a fatal sporadic autosomal dominant premature ageing disease caused by single base mutations that optimise a cryptic splice site within exon 11 of the LMNA gene. The resultant disease-causing protein, progerin, acts as a dominant negative. Disease severity relies partly on progerin levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report a novel form of somatic mosaicism, where a child possessed two cell populations with different HGPS disease-producing mutations of the same nucleotide-one producing severe HGPS and one mild HGPS...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
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