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culture AND child development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665819/examination-of-the-roles-and-capacities-of-duty-bearers-responsible-for-protecting-the-human-rights-to-adequate-food-nutritional-health-and-wellbeing-in-ugandan-children-s-homes
#1
Monica Olafsen, Archangel Byaruhanga Rukooko, Per Ole Iversen, Bård A Andreassen
BACKGROUND: The majority of Ugandan children face vulnerability and malnutrition. As a State Party to international human rights treaties, Uganda has legal obligations of guaranteeing the fundamental rights and the best interest of the nation's children. Despite being protected under international and national law, Uganda is not providing adequate child protection, including safeguarding children's food security. Numerous privately owned and unregulated children's homes face this problem...
April 17, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663339/what-factors-influence-mothers-behavior-regarding-control-of-their-children-s-sugary-snack-intake-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#2
Tippanart Vichayanrat, Kantaphon Sudha, Komsun Kumthanom, Jomjak Apisuttisin, Nuttanun Uawatanasakul, Yuttakit Ariyakieatsakul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing mothers' behavior regarding control of their children's sugary snack intake based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect data from the mothers of preschool children on the factors related to their behaviours influencing control of their children's sugary snack intake, namely attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, self-efficacy, age, income and educational level...
April 16, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661978/control-of-cell-behaviour-through-nanovibrational-stimulation-nanokicking
#3
REVIEW
Shaun N Robertson, Paul Campsie, Peter G Childs, Fiona Madsen, Hannah Donnelly, Fiona L Henriquez, William G Mackay, Manuel Salmerón-Sánchez, Monica P Tsimbouri, Craig Williams, Matthew J Dalby, Stuart Reid
Mechanical signals are ubiquitous in our everyday life and the process of converting these mechanical signals into a biological signalling response is known as mechanotransduction. Our understanding of mechanotransduction, and its contribution to vital cellular responses, is a rapidly expanding field of research involving complex processes that are still not clearly understood. The use of mechanical vibration as a stimulus of mechanotransduction, including variation of frequency and amplitude, allows an alternative method to control specific cell behaviour without chemical stimulation (e...
May 28, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658739/child-inhibitory-control-and-maternal-acculturation-moderate-effects-of-maternal-parenting-on-chinese-american-children-s-adjustment
#4
Jing Yu, Charissa S L Cheah, Craig H Hart, Chongming Yang
The goals of this study were to examine: (a) bidirectional associations between maternal parenting (physical punishment and guilt induction) and Chinese American preschool children's psychosocial adjustment and (b) the role of maternal cultural orientation and child temperament in moderating parenting effects. Participants were Chinese American mothers and children (N = 163, Mage = 4.56, 53% boys). Mothers reported on their parenting practices at both Wave 1 (W1) and Wave 2 (W2) and their cultural orientations and children's inhibitory control at W1...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628203/a-comparative-analysis-of-psychological-trauma-experienced-by-children-and-young-adults-in-two-scenarios-evacuation-after-a-natural-disaster-vs-forced-migration-to-escape-armed-conflict
#5
P Myles, S Swenshon, K Haase, T Szeles, C Jung, F Jacobi, B Rath
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the psychological trauma experienced by children and young adults (CYAs) following displacement after natural disasters vs migration from conflict zones. In both instances, the decision to leave is usually cast by the family, and the life of CYAs is suddenly disrupted by external circumstances. STUDY DESIGN: An anonymous survey. METHODS: The same survey instrument, provided by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), was used to survey self-reported health needs among CYAs during the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina (Health Survey for Children and Adolescents After Katrina) in October 2005-February 2006 and again during the peak of refugee arrivals in Berlin between October 2015 and March 2016...
April 5, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625435/the-impact-of-individual-differences-on-a-bilingual-vocabulary-approach-for-latino-preschoolers
#6
Lucía I Méndez, Elizabeth R Crais, Kirsten Kainz
Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold: First, we replicated in a new sample our previous findings that a culturally and linguistically responsive (CLR) bilingual approach for English vocabulary instruction for preschool Latino dual language learners was effective. Subsequently, we investigated whether the positive effect of CLR instruction varies as a function of individual child characteristics, including baseline vocabulary levels and gender. Method: Using a randomized pretest-posttest follow-up group design, we first replicated our previous study (N = 42) with a new sample by randomly assigning 35 Spanish-speaking Latino preschoolers to a CLR bilingual group or an English-only group...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614732/determinants-of-child-health-behaviors-in-a-disadvantaged-area-from-a-community-perspective-a-participatory-needs-assessment
#7
Manou Anselma, Mai Jeanette Maidy Chinapaw, Teatske Maria Altenburg
Children from disadvantaged areas are hard to reach for interventions aimed at promoting healthy lifestyles. We conducted a participatory needs assessment, in which researchers collaborated with a community in a disadvantaged area in Amsterdam to gain an understanding of the health-related issues of children within this community. Qualitative data was collected through: three to four participatory group meetings with three groups of 9-12-year-old children ( n = 5-9 per group); nine interviews with professionals working with youth; two interviews with parents and their children; and informal meetings including 31 parents...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609250/-epidemiological-characteristics-and-molecular-typing-of-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-in-china-2009-2013
#8
Y Cao, Y Y Han, F F Liu, Q H Liao, J Li, B W Diao, F X Fan, B Kan, M Y Yan
Objective: To understand the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of typhoid and paratyphoid in China from 2009 to 2013, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of typhoid and paratyphoid, the development and improvement of surveillance strategies. Methods: Epidemiological analysis was conducted on the incidence data of typhoid and paratyphoid, and related public health emergencies in China during 2009-2013. Pathogen isolation and culture, serologic test were conducted for the typhoid and paratyphoid cases from 13 national surveillance sites...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608128/prenatal-and-postnatal-mother-to-child-transmission-of-acculturation-s-health-effects-in-hispanic-americans
#9
Molly Fox, Zaneta M Thayer, Isabel F Ramos, Sarah J Meskal, Pathik D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Hispanic Americans consistently exhibit an intergenerational increase in the prevalence of many noncommunicable chronic physical and mental disorders. METHODS: We review and synthesize evidence suggesting that a constellation of prenatal and postnatal factors may play crucial roles in explaining this trend. We draw from relevant literature across several disciplines, including epidemiology, anthropology, psychology, medicine (obstetrics, neonatology), and developmental biology...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595336/scoping-the-evidence-for-earlybird-and-earlybird-plus-two-united-kingdom-developed-parent-education-training-programmes-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
John-Joe Dawson-Squibb, Eugene Lee Davids, Petrus J de Vries
EarlyBird and EarlyBird Plus are parent education and training programmes designed by the UK National Autistic Society in 1997 and 2003, having been delivered to more than 27,000 families in 14 countries. These group-based programmes aim to (1) support parents immediately after diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, (2) empower parents, encouraging a positive perception of their child's autism spectrum disorder and (3) help parents establish good practice. In the absence of any previous comprehensive review, we performed a scoping review of all peer-reviewed publications on EarlyBird/EarlyBird Plus...
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589228/parental-wellbeing-parenting-and-child-development-in-ghanaian-families-with-young-children
#11
Keng-Yen Huang, Lindsay A Bornheimer, Ernestina Dankyi, Ama de-Graft Aikins
Approximately one-third of early childhood pupils in Ghana are struggling with meeting basic behavioral and developmental milestones, but little is known about mechanisms or factors that contribute to poor early childhood development. With a lack of developmental research to guide intervention or education program and policy planning, this study aimed to address these research gaps by examining a developmental mechanism for early childhood development. We tested a mediational mechanism model that examined the influence of parental wellbeing on parenting and children's development...
March 27, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573747/implementing-the-baby-one-program-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-family-centred-child-health-promotion-in-remote-australian-aboriginal-communities
#12
Sandra Campbell, Janya McCalman, Michelle Redman-MacLaren, Karla Canuto, Kristina Vine, Jenny Sewter, Malcolm McDonald
BACKGROUND: A healthy start predicts better health in later life. Many remote-living Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian families lack access to consistent, culturally-safe health services. This paper presents a study of implementation of the Baby One Program (BOP). The BOP was designed as a family-centred, Indigenous Healthworker-led, home-visiting model of care focused on promoting family health to give children the best start to life. It was developed by Aboriginal community-controlled Apunipima Cape York Health Council and delivered in Queensland Cape York remote communities...
March 24, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568739/the-prevalence-of-traditional-malpractice-during-pregnancy-child-birth-and-postnatal-period-among-women-of-childbearing-age-in-meshenti-town-2016
#13
Haileyesus Gedamu, Adane Tsegaw, Etsubdink Debebe
Background: Cultural practices, beliefs, and taboos are often implicated in determining the care received by mothers during pregnancy and child birth which is an important determinant of maternal mortality. Objective: To assess prevalence of cultural malpractice during pregnancy, child birth, and postnatal period among women of childbearing age in Meshenti town, Amhara region, northwest Ethiopia, in 2016. Methods: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted among women of reproductive age group interviewed during the study period from May 10 to June 17, 2016...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561973/proton-pump-inhibitors-increase-the-overall-risk-of-developing-bacterial-infections-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#14
Illce B Lázaro-Pacheco, Alfredo I Servín-Caamaño, José L Pérez-Hernández, Gabriela Rojas-Loureiro, Luis Servín-Abad, Fátima Higuera-DE LA Tijera
BACKGROUND: Acid suppression has been associated with adverse events; such as, enteric infections. Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are frequently prescribed in patients with cirrhosis, but is unclear if PPI are associated with the development of bacterial infections in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of PPI intake on the development of bacterial, viral and fungal infections in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: An observational, retrospective, historic cohort study...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553449/the-multi-family-approach-to-facilitate-a-family-support-network-for-palestinian-parents-of-children-with-a-disability-a-descriptive-study
#15
Trudy Mooren, Yoke Rabaia, Suzan Mitwalli, Relinde Reiffers, Rosemarijn Koenen, Marguerithe de Man
BACKGROUND: Families with a child who has a disability have extra difficulties, particularly when services are hard to reach or less available. In a collaborative project, the Institute of Community and Public Health, the Palestinian community-based rehabilitation programme, and international non-governmental organisations cooperated to share and develop expertise and knowledge on increasing families' resilience through establishing family groups. This contribution focuses on the use of the Multi-Family Approach (MFA) in a Palestinian context...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548287/randomised-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effectiveness-of-a-locally-produced-ready-to-use-supplementary-food-rusf-in-preventing-growth-faltering-and-improving-micronutrient-status-for-children-under-two-years-in-cambodia-a-study-protocol
#16
Bindi Borg, Seema Mihrshahi, Mark Griffin, Daream Sok, Chamnan Chhoun, Arnaud Laillou, Jacques Berger, Frank T Wieringa
BACKGROUND: Existing ready-to-use supplementary and therapeutic foods (RUSFs and RUTFs) have had limited acceptance and effectiveness in Cambodia. This has hampered the treatment and prevention of child malnutrition. An innovative, locally produced, multiple micronutrient fortified lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) has been developed for use as an RUSF. Unlike most RUSFs, which contain milk, this product contains fish as the animal protein. Few RUSFs have been formulated using non-milk animal-source foods and they have not been widely tested...
March 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547072/use-of-the-adult-attachment-projective-picture-system-in-the-formulation-of-a-case-of-an-adolescent-refugee-with-ptsd
#17
Manuela Gander, Diana Diamond, Anna Buchheim, Kathrin Sevecke
Forced displacements and their psychosocial consequences in adolescent refugees and their families have received increasing attention in recent years. Although supportive family relations play a key role in buffering the impact of traumatization in adolescents, parental ability to provide such is often subject to extreme pressure. Under conditions of forced dislocation and fear, maladaptive interpersonal strategies in the parent-child relationships may develop, contributing to the onset of psychopathology. We explore new aspects of attachment-related issues for the understanding and treatment of adolescent refugees who have experienced multiple traumas in their childhood...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543884/listening-to-the-community-using-formative-research-to-strengthen-maternity-waiting-homes-in-zambia
#18
Nancy A Scott, Taryn Vian, Jeanette L Kaiser, Thandiwe Ngoma, Kaluba Mataka, Elizabeth G Henry, Godfrey Biemba, Mary Nambao, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: The WHO recommends maternity waiting homes (MWH) as one intervention to improve maternal and newborn health. However, persistent structural, cultural and financial barriers in their design and implementation have resulted in mixed success in both their uptake and utilization. Guidance is needed on how to design a MWH intervention that is acceptable and sustainable. Using formative research and guided by a sustainability framework for health programs, we systematically collected data from key stakeholders and potential users in order to design a MWH intervention in Zambia that could overcome multi-dimensional barriers to accessing facility delivery, be acceptable to the community and be financially and operationally sustainable...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525898/transition-of-children-with-neurological-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Ann H Tilton
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The goal of the article is to describe a systematic approach through core principles and steps for the transition of the patient with a neurological disorder to the adult model of care, to provide steps and principles to help receiving providers successfully integrate the patient into their practice, and to discuss cultural, systemic, and discipline-based barriers to transition. RECENT FINDING: The literature has expanded rapidly. The recent publications help define the barriers to the process and are currently exploring the best methods to evaluate readiness, needs, barriers, and develop solutions for best practices...
March 10, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525214/reasons-for-stopping-exclusive-breastfeeding-between-three-and-six-months-a-qualitative-study
#20
Narges Alianmoghaddam, Suzanne Phibbs, Cheryl Benn
PURPOSE: Scant published qualitative literature exists focusing on why exclusive breastfeeding rates decline between three and six months. This study aims to develop an understanding of why exclusive breastfeeding tails off so dramatically between three and six months after birth in New Zealand. DESIGN AND METHODS: A generic qualitative methodology was employed in this study and social constructionism selected as the main epistemological framework underpinning the research...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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