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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913907/development-of-a-culturally-informed-child-safety-curriculum-for-american-indian-families
#1
Ryan M Berns, Emily J Tomayko, Kate A Cronin, Ronald J Prince, Tassy Parker, Alexandra K Adams
American Indian (AI) children are disproportionately affected by unintentional injuries, with injury mortality rates approximately 2.3 times higher than the combined rates for all children in the United States. Although multiple risk factors are known to contribute to these increased rates, a comprehensive, culturally informed curriculum that emphasizes child safety is lacking for this population. In response to this need, academic and tribal researchers, tribal community members, tribal wellness staff, and national child safety experts collaborated to develop a novel child safety curriculum...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905923/navigating-the-journey-of-aboriginal-childhood-disability-a-qualitative-study-of-carers-interface-with-services
#2
Anna Green, Penelope Abbott, Patricia Delaney, Patrick Patradoon-Ho, John Delaney, Patricia Mary Davidson, Michelle DiGiacomo
BACKGROUND: The disadvantage experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children with a disability is well recognized. The long term consequences of failing to address disability on health, education and employment underlies the importance of early intervention. Caregivers experience a disproportionate burden and have challenges accessing services. The aim of this study was to describe the carer journey of accessing support and services. METHODS: We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with nineteen parents and carers of Aboriginal children aged 0-8 years...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902741/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-initiation-a-comparison-between-france-and-french-speaking-canada
#3
Lisa-Christine Girard, Sylvana M Côté, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Lise Dubois, Bruno Falissard, Anne Forhan, Orla Doyle, Jonathan Y Bernard, Barbara Heude, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles, Monique Kaminski, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with multiple domains of health for both mothers and children. Nevertheless, breastfeeding initiation is low within certain developed countries. Furthermore, comparative studies of initiation rates using harmonised data across multiple regions is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare individual-level determinants of breastfeeding initiation using two French-speaking cohorts. METHODS: Participants included ~ 3,900 mothers enrolled in two cohort studies in Canada and France...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900817/community-based-participatory-research-an-innovative-approach-for-improving-perioperative-care-of-underserved-children
#4
Alvina Rosales, Michelle A Fortier, Belinda Campos, Marla Vivero, Ariana Martinez, Nancy Huerta, Sheeva Zolghadr, Kathleen Adlard, Zeev N Kain
Pediatric disparities disproportionately affect Latino youth undergoing surgery and their families. As such, there is a critical need for culturally relevant frameworks that can advance perioperative intervention approaches in this population and reduce these disparities. In the following article, we first describe the methodological process of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and next report the results of the CBPR process that was conducted in this population. An interdisciplinary group of investigators, Latina mothers, and various other stakeholders met for a series of CBPR-based structured meetings...
November 30, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889691/development-of-a-culturally-competent-service-to-improve-academic-functioning-for-latino-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-methodological-considerations
#5
Laura Bava, Alexis Johns, David R Freyer, Kathleen Ruccione
Many survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) develop neurocognitive deficits that compromise academic functioning, especially in the presence of sociodemographic risk factors. The extent to which these risk factors coexist for Latino ALL survivors is not well described, but with shifts in U.S. demographics and improved survival in ALL, culturally competent interventions are needed. The Achieving Best Cognitive Successes after Cancer service was designed and implemented by a team representing nursing, medicine, psychology, and social work...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887649/postpartum-depression-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory-a-longitudinal-study-in-bethlehem
#6
Sara Qandil, Samah Jabr, Stefan Wagler, Simon M Collin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women from different cultures around the world. No previous studies have investigated PPD among women in Palestine. Fertility rates in Palestine are among the highest in the world, hence even low rates of PPD could have considerable national impact. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, PPD among Palestinian mothers. METHODS: 101 mothers were recruited during the registration of their child's birth (within 1 week) at the Bethlehem branch of the Ministry of Interior...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886192/phytanic-acid-attenuates-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-activity-via-nitric-oxide-mediated-%C3%AE-secretase-activation-in-rat-aortic-smooth-muscle-cells-possible-implications-for-pathogenesis-of-infantile-refsum-disease
#7
Gursev S Dhaunsi, Mayra Alsaeid, Saghir Akhtar
BACKGROUND: Infantile Refsum disease (IRD), a peroxisomal disease with defective phytanic acid oxidation, causes neurological impairment and development delay. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) regulates child development and to understand molecular mechanism(s) of IRD, we examined the effect of PA on IGF-1 activity. METHODS: BrdU incorporation was measured in rat aortic smooth muscle cell (SMC) cultures following treatment with fetal bovine serum (FBS), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) or IGF-1 in the absence or presence of PA...
November 25, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884125/epidemiology-of-and-risk-factors-for-neonatal-candidemia-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-western-china
#8
Jichang Chen, Yongjiang Jiang, Ba Wei, Yanling Ding, Shaolin Xu, Peixu Qin, Jinjian Fu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and clinical characteristics of neonatal candidemia are poorly understood in western China. The aim of our study was to evaluate the epidemiological features of neonatal candidemia in the Liuzhou Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted between January 2012 and November 2015. Electronic databases were reviewed and data on Candida species were isolated from blood cultures and candidemia incidence, risk factors, and mortality were extracted...
November 24, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870433/sex-differences-in-nonhuman-primate-behavioral-development
#9
REVIEW
Elizabeth V Lonsdorf
Sex differences in behavior and developmental trajectories in human children are of great interest to researchers in a variety of fields, and a persistent topic of discussion and debate is the relative contribution of biological vs. social influences to such differences. Given the potentially large effects of cultural and social influences on human child development, nonhuman primates are important model species for investigating the biological and evolutionary roots of sex differences in human development...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865258/preparing-young-people-for-future-decision-making-about-cancer-risk-in-families-affected-or-at-risk-from-hereditary-breast-cancer-a-qualitative-interview-study
#10
Emma Rowland, Gill Plumridge, Anna-Marie Considine, Alison Metcalfe
PURPOSE: Women carrying the mutated BRCA gene, have approximately an 80% life-time risk of developing breast cancer with 50% risk of their children inheriting the gene mutation. Many parents find it difficult to know when and how to disclose this information to their children and how such disclosure might affect their child's future decision-making. METHOD: This study explored the communication of genetic risk information in families using qualitative semi-structured interviews conducted with parents, children (7-11years) and young people (12-18years) affected or at risk from a BRCA gene mutation...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859217/feeling-one-s-way-in-the-world-making-a-life
#11
Margaret M Browning
This paper argues for the psychoanalytic relevance of the works of James Gibson and Susanne Langer in explicating the early development of the human child and makes use of this combined formulation of development to think about psychoanalytic theory and practice. From the insights of James Gibson's ecological psychology we can appreciate the embodiment and embeddedness of the child's growing mind within both her physical and social environments. Making use of Susanne Langer's concept of feeling to redefine ecological psychology's perceptual counterpart to action allows us to understand the child's seamless transition into active participation in her culture, as she learns to project her animalian capacity to feel into intersubjectively defined forms of behavior and experience with others...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854120/toward-dynamic-adaptation-of-psychological-interventions-for-child-and-adolescent-development-and-mental-health
#12
Tina Malti, Gil G Noam, Andreas Beelmann, Simon Sommer
Children's and adolescents' mental health needs emphasize the necessity of a new era of translational research to enhance development and yield better lives for children, families, and communities. Developmental, clinical, and translational research serves as a powerful tool for managing the inevitable complexities in pursuit of these goals. This article proposes key ideas that will strengthen current evidence-based intervention practices by creating stronger links between research, practice, and complex systems contexts, with the potential of extending applicability, replicability, and impact...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852972/-psychological-effects-of-children-to-their-parents
#13
Ferenc Süle
The demographic problems do it necessary to scrutinize the deep psychological components of its. The humanity regenerates continuously as a spring in the children's family life. We examine the positive psychological effects of the children to their parents. 1.The child means a positive spontaneously induce fo love. 2 Our birth is the most ancestral experience of our personal life. It means a development for parent's personality. 3. The adventure of construct together is energy generator. 4. The child gives feedback for the unconscious of the parents...
2016: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829473/a-qualitative-kaupapa-m%C3%A4-ori-approach-to-understanding-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-of-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-grandparents-in-auckland-new-zealand
#14
Rachel Tapera, Matire Harwood, Anneka Anderson
OBJECTIVE: The present research sought to better understand the barriers, facilitators, attitudes and beliefs that influence the way Māori and Samoan grandparents feed their grandchildren in a deprived urban neighbourhood in New Zealand. DESIGN: The research adopted a qualitative methodology that was consistent with a Kaupapa Māori research approach. Seven semi-structured interviews were conducted with grandparents to collect narrative data. SETTING: Sampling occurred in one Auckland suburb...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826281/can-touch-screen-tablets-be-used-to-assess-cognitive-and-motor-skills-in-early-years-primary-school-children-a-cross-cultural-study
#15
Nicola J Pitchford, Laura A Outhwaite
Assessment of cognitive and motor functions is fundamental for developmental and neuropsychological profiling. Assessments are usually conducted on an individual basis, with a trained examiner, using standardized paper and pencil tests, and can take up to an hour or more to complete, depending on the nature of the test. This makes traditional standardized assessments of child development largely unsuitable for use in low-income countries. Touch screen tablets afford the opportunity to assess cognitive functions in groups of participants, with untrained administrators, with precision recording of responses, thus automating the assessment process...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817044/concordance-between-administrator-and-clinician-ratings-of-organizational-culture-and-climate
#16
Rinad S Beidas, Nathaniel J Williams, Philip D Green, Gregory A Aarons, Emily M Becker-Haimes, Arthur C Evans, Ronnie Rubin, Danielle R Adams, Steven C Marcus
Organizational culture and climate are important determinants of behavioral health service delivery for youth. The Organizational Social Context measure is a well validated assessment of organizational culture and climate that has been developed and extensively used in public sector behavioral health service settings. The degree of concordance between administrators and clinicians in their reports of organizational culture and climate may have implications for research design, inferences, and organizational intervention...
November 5, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813256/a-qualitative-case-study-in-the-social-capital-of-co-professional-collaborative-co-practice-for-children-with-speech-language-and-communication-needs
#17
Cristina McKean, James Law, Karen Laing, Maria Cockerill, Jan Allon-Smith, Elspeth McCartney, Joan Forbes
BACKGROUND: Effective co-practice is essential to deliver services for children with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN). The necessary skills, knowledge and resources are distributed amongst professionals and agencies. Co-practice is complex and a number of barriers, such as 'border disputes' and poor awareness of respective priorities, have been identified. However social-relational aspects of co-practice have not been explored in sufficient depth to make recommendations for improvements in policy and practice...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811066/transmembrane-tnf-%C3%AE-facilitates-hiv-1-infection-of-podocytes-cultured-from-children-with-hiv-associated-nephropathy
#18
Jinliang Li, Jharna R Das, Pingtao Tang, Zhe Han, Jyoti K Jaiswal, Patricio E Ray
Studies have shown that podocytes and renal tubular epithelial cells from patients with HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) express HIV-1 transcripts, suggesting that productive infection of renal epithelial cells precipitates development of HIVAN. However, podocytes and renal tubular epithelial cells do not express CD4 receptors, and it is unclear how these cells become productively infected in vivo We investigated the mechanisms underlying the infection by HIV-1 of podocytes cultured from the urine of children with HIVAN...
November 3, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810116/simulation-training-for-primary-caregivers-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#19
REVIEW
Jennifer Arnold, Maria Carmen G Diaz
Simulation is a hands-on educational modality that creates a safe, confidential learning environment that is closely aligned with the principles of patient- and family-centered care. This makes it an ideal training tool for families and caregivers of medically complex infants as they prepare for their care at home. Multidisciplinary collaboration and participation is vital to the success of these simulations and encourages the development of needs assessments and learning objectives that are congruent with the family's goals, beliefs, and culture...
October 31, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806700/autonomy-of-the-child-in-the-south-african-context-is-a-12%C3%A2-year-old-of-sufficient-maturity-to-consent-to-medical-treatment
#20
Wandile Ganya, Sharon Kling, Keymanthri Moodley
BACKGROUND: A child is a developing person with evolving capacities that include autonomy, mental (decisional) capacity and capacity to assume responsibility. Hence, children are entitled to participatory (autonomy) rights in South Africa as observed in the Children's Act 38 of 2005. According to section 129 of the Act a child may consent to his or her own medical treatment provided that he or she is over the age of 12 years and is of sufficient maturity and decisional capacity to understand the various implications of the treatment including the risks and benefits thereof...
November 2, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
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