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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454401/safety-and-effectiveness-of-localized-lung-resection-combined-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-stage-i-ii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Bing Zhu, Jianru Yang, Pei Zhang, Lin Shen, Xiaolong Li, Jing Li
This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of localized lung resection combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of stage I-II non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 88 patients, who were admitted to our hospital for first diagnosis and treatment, were selected. The patients were divided into control group (n=40 cases) and observation group (n=48 cases) according to the last digit of the admission number. The control group was treated with minimally invasive localized lung resection by thoracoscope...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453808/long-term-pulmonary-function-after-surgery-for-lung-cancer
#2
Naohiro Kobayashi, Keisuke Kobayashi, Shinji Kikuchi, Yukinobu Goto, Hideo Ichimura, Katsuyuki Endo, Yukio Sato
OBJECTIVES: Many patients with lung cancer have been cured by surgical intervention. However, the long-term effects of lung resection on pulmonary function are unclear. Therefore, we investigated long-term pulmonary function after surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer between 2001 and 2009. A total of 445 patients who had survived more than 5 years since the surgery were included. The patients were divided into lobectomy, segmentectomy and partial resection groups...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449501/transarterial-embolization-of-intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-in-a-young-adult-with-hemoptysis
#3
Rebecca Zener, David Bottoni, Andrew Zaleski, Dalilah Fortin, Richard A Malthaner, Richard I Inculet, Amol Mujoomdar
Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital malformation characterized by the presence of dysplastic lung that does not communicate with the tracheobronchial tree, and has aberrant systemic arterial supply. While most are asymptomatic, they rarely can present with hemoptysis, which has been traditionally managed with surgical resection of the sequestration. We report a case of an 18-year-old male who presented with acute large-volume hemoptysis on a background of recurrent minor episodes of hemoptysis, due to intralobar sequestration...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449124/labia-majora-augmentation-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Samer Jabbour, Elio Kechichian, Barbara Hersant, Philippe Levan, Lena El Hachem, Warren Noel, Marwan Nasr
Background: Currently, there is no standardized approach for labia majora augmentation and controversies still exist regarding this subject. Objectives: This systematic review aimed to assess the evidence in the literature regarding labia majora augmentation. Methods: On November 20, 2016, we conducted an online search of published articles in the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases. All articles describing labia majora augmentation were included in this review...
April 26, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446973/bronchoscopic-valves-for-prolonged-air-leak-current-status-and-technique
#5
REVIEW
Amit K Mahajan, Sandeep J Khandhar
Unidirectional airway valves are devices used for the treatment of persistent air leaks (PALs) secondary to alveolar-pleural fistulas (APF) or bronchopleural fistulas (BPFs). These valves were originally developed as a non-surgical alternative to lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Randomized trials investigating the use of valves for bronchoscopic LVRS did not lead to the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approval, but stemming from these studies a Humanitarian Device Exemption (HDE) was granted to Spiration intrabronchial valves (IBVs) for the treatment of PALs...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446548/regional-left-ventricular-function-does-not-predict-survival-in-ischaemic-cardiomyopathy-after-cardiac-surgery
#6
David L Prior, Susanna R Stevens, Thomas A Holly, Michal Krejca, Alexandros Paraforos, Gerald M Pohost, Krysti Byrd, Tomasz Kukulski, Robert H Jones, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, Padmini Varadarajan, Aman Amanullah, Grace Lin, Hussein R Al-Khalidi, Gabriel Aldea, Carlo Santambrogio, Andrzej Bochenek, Daniel S Berman
OBJECTIVES: To define the prognostic contribution of global and regional left ventricular (LV) function measurements in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy randomised to coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with (n=501) or without (n=499) surgical ventricular reconstruction (SVR). METHODS: Novel multivariable methods to analyse global and regional LV systolic function were used to better formulate prediction models for long-term mortality following CABG with or without SVR in the entire cohort of 1000 randomised SVR hypothesis patients...
April 26, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446134/assessment-of-perioperative-minute-ventilation-in-obese-versus-non-obese-patients-with-a-non-invasive-respiratory-volume-monitor
#7
Jaideep H Mehta, Davide Cattano, Jordan B Brayanov, Edward E George
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the adequacy of spontaneous breathing is a major patient safety concern in the post-operative setting. Monitoring is particularly important for obese patients, who are at a higher risk for post-surgical respiratory complications and often have increased metabolic demand due to excess weight. Here we used a novel, noninvasive Respiratory Volume Monitor (RVM) to monitor ventilation in both obese and non-obese orthopedic patients throughout their perioperative course, in order to develop better monitoring strategies...
April 26, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446078/serial-neck-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-changes-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-during-pregnancy
#8
Hye-Seon Oh, Won Gu Kim, Suyeon Park, Mijin Kim, Hyemi Kwon, MinJi Jeon, Jeong Hyun Lee, Jung Hwan Baek, Dong Eun Song, Tae Yong Kim, YoungKee Shong, Won Bae Kim
<b><i>Background</i></b> Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is a common malignancy diagnosed during pregnancy. However, there is little information on the behavior of PTC during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the natural course of PTC in pregnant women. <b><i>Methods</i></b> The study included 19 patients with PTC who delayed thyroid surgery because they were diagnosed with PTC just before or during the early stages of pregnancy. Serial neck ultrasonography (US) was used to evaluate PTCs before surgical treatment, and the clinical outcomes after surgery...
April 27, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446010/development-of-decision-support-formulas-for-the-prediction-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-and-prostatic-surgery-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptom-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-part-i-development-of-the-formula-and-its-internal-validation
#9
Min Soo Choo, Changwon Yoo, Sung Yong Cho, Seong Jin Jeong, Chang Wook Jeong, Ja Hyeon Ku, Seung-June Oh
PURPOSE: As the elderly population increases, a growing number of patients have lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS)/benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The aim of this study was to develop decision support formulas and nomograms for the prediction of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and for BOO-related surgical decision-making, and to validate them in patients with LUTS/BPH. METHODS: Patient with LUTS/BPH between October 2004 and May 2014 were enrolled as a development cohort...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445858/the-impact-of-minor-blood-transfusion-on-the-outcome-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#10
Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Marco Zanobini, Francesco Onorati, Debora Brascia, Giovanni Mariscalco, Ilaria Franzese, Vito G Ruggieri, Karl Bounader, Andrea Perrotti, Francesco Musumeci, Giuseppe Santarpino, Daniele Maselli, Saverio Nardella, Helmut Gulbins, Riccardo Gherli, Antonino S Rubino, Carmelo Mignosa, Marisa De Feo, Giuseppe Gatti, Francesco Santini, Antonio Salsano, Magnus Dalén, Matteo Saccocci, Daniel Reichart, Giuseppe Faggian, Tiziano Gherli, Francesco Nicolini, Fausto Biancari
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of minor perioperative bleeding requiring transfusion of 1-2 red blood cell (RBC) units on the outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Sixteen cardiac surgical centers contributed to the prospective European CABG registry (E-CABG). 1014 patients receiving 1-2 RBC units during or after isolated CABG were compared to 2264 patients not receiving RBCs. RESULTS: In 827 propensity score matched pairs, transfusion of 1-2 RBC units did not affect the risk of in-hospital/30-day death (p=0...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445590/long-term-radiographic-findings-of-breast-brachytherapy-implications-of-surgical-volume
#11
Audrey S Wallace, Vladislav Tchatalbachev, Jay Nelson, Zhenyu Wang, Paul Dale, Gregory B Biedermann
PURPOSE: Little is known about long-term radiographic findings after treatment with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI). METHODS: Univariate and multivariate analysis of factors leading to formation and resolution of seroma were performed in patients treated with lumpectomy and APBI. RESULTS: Post-treatment images of 129 patients were reviewed by one radiologist. Median surgical excision volume was 108.9 cc (range 20.5-681.9). Primary mode of imaging was mammogram...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445566/variation-in-outcomes-at-bariatric-surgery-centers-of-excellence
#12
Andrew M Ibrahim, Amir A Ghaferi, Jyothi R Thumma, Justin B Dimick
Importance: In the United States, reports about perioperative complications associated with bariatric surgery led to the establishment of accreditation criteria for bariatric centers of excellence and many bariatric centers obtaining accreditation. Currently, most bariatric procedures occur at these centers, but to what extent they uniformly provide high-quality care remains unknown. Objective: To describe the variation in surgical outcomes across bariatric centers of excellence and the geographic availability of high-quality centers...
April 26, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445377/first-lower-two-thirds-osteomyocutaneous-facial-allograft-perfused-by-a-unilateral-facial-artery-outcomes-and-vascularization-at-1-year-after-transplantation
#13
Sebastian Fischer, Thomas C Lee, Nicco Krezdorn, Muayyad Alhefzi, Maximilian Kueckelhaus, Ericka M Bueno, Bohdan Pomahac
BACKGROUND: Facial allotransplantation provides a unique opportunity to restore facial form and function in severely disfigured patients. Using a single unilateral facial artery for vascularization can significantly reduce surgical duration and thus facilitate the practice of face transplantation. METHODS: A 33-year-old man with a history of high-energy ballistic trauma received a facial allograft comprising the lower two-thirds of the face, including maxilla and mandible...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445294/unilateral-versus-bilateral-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#14
Wenli Chang, Xinyan Zhang, Ning Jiao, Peizhi Yuwen, Yanbin Zhu, Fei Zhang, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: The debate on the efficacy of unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (UPKP) and bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (BPKP) for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) is ongoing.This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the clinical results of UPKP and BPKP in the treatment of OVCFs. METHODS: Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, and the Chinese Biomedical Database publication databases were searched using a date range of January 2008 to November 2016, for studies comparing UPKP and BPKP for the treatment of OVCFs...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444770/factors-associated-with-local-recurrence-in-operated-osteosarcomas-a-retrospective-evaluation-of-95-cases-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-a-resource-challenged-environment
#15
Rishi R Poudel, Vivek Tiwari, Venkatesan S Kumar, Sameer Bakhshi, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Shah Alam Khan, Shishir Rastogi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Local control of disease is one of the main goals of osteosarcoma management. We conducted a retrospective evaluation of 95 operated cases of osteosarcoma over 7 years to know about the factors associated with local recurrence in resource-challenged environment of the developing world. METHODS: The factors which were evaluated and compared between local recurrence and non-local recurrence groups included demographic profile, site of tumor, whether biopsy done outside, type of surgery (limb salvage or amputation), presence of pathological fracture, vicinity of neurovascular bundle, tumor volume, histological subtype, chemotherapy induced necrosis, surgical margins, and delay in surgery...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443721/evaluation-of-surgical-outcomes-with-photoselective-greenlight-xps-laser-vaporization-of-the-prostate-in-high-medical-risk-men-with-benign-prostatic-enlargement-a-multicenter-study
#16
Emad Sabri Rajih, Côme Tholomier, Pierre-Alain Hueber, Abdullah M Alenizi, Roger Valdivieso, Mounsif Azizi, Ricardo R Gonzalez, Greg Eure, Lewis Kriteman, Mahmood A Hai, Kevin Christopher Zorn
Objective To evaluate the safety and short-term outcomes of photoselective vaporization of the prostate using GreenLight XPSTM in treatment of high medical risk men. Methods A multicenter retrospective analysis of 941 men who underwent photoselective vaporization of the prostate between August 2010 and August 2014 was performed. Patients were considered high medical risk if they had an American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status score ≥ 3. Postoperative adverse events, unexpected postoperative medical provider visits after intervention, and functional urinary outcomes were examined...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443222/analysis-of-hospital-volume-and-factors-influencing-economic-outcomes-in-cancer-surgery-results-from-a-population-based-study-in-korea
#17
Jung-A Lee, So-Young Kim, Keeho Park, Eun-Cheol Park, Jong-Hyock Park
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate associations between hospital volume, costs, and length of stay (LOS), and clinical and demographic outcome factors for five types of cancer resection. The main dependent variables were cost and LOS; the primary independent variable was volume. METHODS: Data were obtained from claims submitted to the Korean National Health Insurance scheme. We identified patients who underwent the following surgical procedures: pneumonectomy, colectomy, mastectomy, cystectomy, and esophagectomy...
February 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443091/natural-killer-group-2d-ligand-depletion-reconstitutes-natural-killer-cell-immunosurveillance-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Sandra Weil, Stefanie Memmer, Axel Lechner, Volker Huppert, Ariane Giannattasio, Tamara Becker, Andreas Müller-Runte, Karen Lampe, Dirk Beutner, Alexander Quaas, Ralf Schubert, Eva Herrmann, Alexander Steinle, Ulrike Koehl, Lutz Walter, Michael S von Bergwelt-Baildon, Joachim Koch
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a highly heterogeneous and aggressive tumor originating from the epithelial lining of the upper aero-digestive tract accounting for 300,000 annual deaths worldwide due to failure of current therapies. The natural killer group 2D (NKG2D) receptors on natural killer (NK) cells and several T cell subsets play an important role for immunosurveillance of HNSCC and are thus targeted by tumor immune evasion strategies in particular by shedding of various NKG2D ligands (NKG2DLs)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442330/symptomatic-carotid-artery-disease-revascularization
#19
REVIEW
Piero Montorsi, Stefano Galli, Paolo M Ravagnani, Marco Roffi
Patients with symptomatic carotid artery disease should be managed by a multidisciplinary team including neurologists, vascular surgeons and interventionalists. Duplex ultrasound is the most widely used diagnostic modality to assess carotid disease, followed by additional imaging tests (CT- or MR-angiography) to confirm the severity of the stenosis, detect brain lesions, and assess intracranial circulation as well as the supra-aortic anatomy. Although overall randomized trial results favored (CEA) over carotid artery stenting (CAS) in symptomatic patients, this was likely related to the insufficient expertise of the endovascular specialists in several of the trials...
April 22, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441641/low-volume-contrast-ct-angiography-via-pulmonary-artery-injection-for-measurement-of-aortic-annulus-in-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#20
Vien T Truong, Joseph Choo, Luke McCoy, Adam Mussman, Stephanie Ambach, Dean Kereiakes, Ian Sarembock, Wojciech Mazur
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility and image quality of low-dose contrast computed tomography (CT) angiography with pulmonary artery (PA) protocol. BACKGROUND: Aortic stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has evolved as an alternative method for surgical valve replacement in intermediate-risk and high-risk surgical patients. CT is essential for measurement of aortic annulus prior to TAVR. METHODS: Twenty patients underwent a low-dose contrast study with PA protocol and 20 patients underwent a traditional-dose study (traditional protocol)...
May 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
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