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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677647/arsenic-effects-on-some-photophysical-parameters-of-cichorium-intybus-under-different-radiation-and-water-irrigation-regimes
#1
Gabriela Cordon, Analia Iriel, Alicia Fernández Cirelli, M Gabriela Lagorio
The presence of arsenic (As) in groundwater is a major problem in several parts of Latin America. In the present work, non-destructive approaches to monitor the effects of As on plants of Cichorium intybus, an herbaceous Asteraceae, were explored. In this sense, the effects of As at different levels of water and radiation were evaluated on these crops. Plants were grown in a greenhouse, watered daily with As solutions and exposed to different water and/or light conditions for four months, using a three-factor (As, water, radiation) and two-level resource (As vs non As, field capacity vs half-field capacity condition, light vs shade condition) factorial design...
April 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619040/oxygen-availability-influences-expression-of-dickeya-solani-genes-associated-with-virulence-in-potato-solanum-tuberosum-l-and-chicory-cichorium-intybus-l
#2
Wioletta Lisicka, Jakub Fikowicz-Krosko, Sylwia Jafra, Magdalena Narajczyk, Paulina Czaplewska, Robert Czajkowski
Dickeya solani is a Gram-negative necrotrophic, plant pathogenic bacterium able to cause symptoms in a variety of plant species worldwide. As a facultative anaerobe, D. solani is able to infect hosts under a broad range of oxygen concentrations found in plant environments. However, little is known about oxygen-dependent gene expression in Dickeya spp. that might contribute to its success as a pathogen. Using a Tn5 transposon, harboring a promoterless gusA reporter gene, 146 mutants of D. solani IPO2222 were identified that exhibited oxygen-regulated expression of the gene into which the insertion had occurred...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526216/shelf-life-evaluation-of-fresh-cut-red-chicory-subjected-to-different-minimal-processes
#3
Antonio Alfonzo, Raimondo Gaglio, Alessandro Miceli, Nicola Francesca, Rosalia Di Gerlando, Giancarlo Moschetti, Luca Settanni
Microbiological, chemical and physical parameters of minimally processed red chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) subjected to two different transformation processes were investigated. A classic ready-to-eat (RTE) process (P1) and a production without cutting (P2) were monitored during refrigerated (4 °C) storage (15 d). Total mesophilic microorganisms, total psychrotrophic microorganisms and pseudomonads were detected at the highest cell densities in all samples. Presumptive Pseudomonas population dominated the cultivable microbial community of RTE red chicory and were characterized genetically...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444678/the-wild-taxa-utilized-as-vegetables-in-sicily-italy-a-traditional-component-of-the-mediterranean-diet
#4
Anna Geraci, Filippo Amato, Giuseppe Di Noto, Giuseppe Bazan, Rosario Schicchi
BACKGROUND: Wild vegetables in the Mediterranean Basin are still often consumed as a part of the diet and, in particular, there is a great tradition regarding their use in Sicily. In this study, an ethnobotanical field investigation was carried out to (a) identify the wild native taxa traditionally gathered and consumed as vegetables in Sicily, comparing the collected ethnobotanical data with those of other countries that have nominated the Mediterranean diet for inclusion in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and (b) highlight new culinary uses of these plants...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325917/increase-in-insulin-sensitivity-by-the-association-of-chicoric-acid-and-chlorogenic-acid-contained-in-a-natural-chicoric-acid-extract-ncrae-of-chicory-cichorium-intybus-l-for-an-antidiabetic-effect
#5
Karine Ferrare, Luc P R Bidel, Abdulmomem Awwad, Patrick Poucheret, Guillaume Cazals, Françoise Lazennec, Jacqueline Azay-Milhau, Michel Tournier, Anne-Dominique Lajoix, Didier Tousch
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) is an indigenous vegetable widely cultivated in Europe, America and Asia. In ancient times, the leaves, flowers, seeds, and roots have been used as a wealth of health benefits including its tonic effects, the ability to ease digestive problems and to detoxify liver. In Indian traditional therapy, chicory was known to possess antidiabetic effect. In the traditional medicine of Bulgaria and Italy, chicory was used as hypoglycemic decoctions...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303692/molecular-identification-and-characterization-of-the-new-16srix-j-and-cpn60-ut-ix-j-phytoplasma-subgroup-associated-with-chicory-bushy-stunt-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Edel Pérez-López, Ayman F Omar, Khaled M Al-Jamhan, Tim J Dumonceaux
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) is a perennial plant (Asteraceae) that grows wild in pasture fields in Saudi Arabia. Chicory plants displaying symptoms typically induced by phytoplasmas, such as bushy phenotype and stunt, were observed in the Mulayda region, Qassim governorate, Saudi Arabia. In this study we examined samples taken from three symptomatic chicory plants and confirmed the presence of phytoplasma DNA. Analysis of the 16S rRNA-encoding sequences showed that the plants were infected with a phytoplasma from the pigeon pea witches'-broom group (16SrIX)...
February 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279986/a-strategy-of-utilizing-zn-ii-as-metallic-pivot-in-room-temperature-ionic-liquid-to-prepare-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-for-compound-with-intramolecular-hydrogen-bonds
#7
Ya Kun Sun, Man Jia, Jian Yang, Yan-Ping Huang, Zhao-Sheng Liu, Haji Akber Aisa
A method of preparing molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) with Zn(II) as a metallic pivot was adopted to solve the problem of imprinting compound with intramolecular hydrogen bonds by forming stronger coordination binding interaction among the template-functional monomer-Zn2+ complex. A ternary porogenic system including dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethylformamide, and room temperature ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate was employed to fabricate imprinted monolith with high porosity and good flow-through properties, in which chicoric acid (CA), zinc acetate, 4-vinylpyridine (4-VP), and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA) was the template, metallic ion, functional monomer, as well as crosslinker, respectively...
January 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260284/improvement-of-imprinting-effect-of-ionic-liquid-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-by-use-of-a-molecular-crowding-agent
#8
Man Jia, Jian Yang, Ya Kun Sun, Xi Bai, Tao Wu, Zhao Sheng Liu, Haji Akber Aisa
We aimed to improve the imprinting effect of ionic liquid molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) by use of a molecular crowding agent. The ionic liquid 1-vinyl-3-ethylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([VEIm][BF4 ]) was used as the functional monomer and aesculetin was used as the template molecule in a crowding environment, which was made up of a tetrahydrofuran solution of polystyrene. The ionic liquid MIPs that were prepared in the crowding environment displayed an enhanced imprinting effect. NMR peak shifts of active hydrogen of aesculetin suggested that interaction between the functional monomer and the template could be increased by the use of a crowding agent in the self-assembly process...
January 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047177/selected-hepatoprotective-herbal-medicines-evidence-from-ethnomedicinal-applications-animal-models-and-possible-mechanism-of-actions
#9
REVIEW
Muhammad Ali, Tariq Khan, Kaneez Fatima, Qurat Ul Ain Ali, Muhammad Ovais, Ali Talha Khalil, Ikram Ullah, Abida Raza, Zabta Khan Shinwari, Muhammad Idrees
Insight into the hepatoprotective effects of medicinally important plants is important, both for physicians and researchers. Main reasons for the use of herbal medicine include their lesser cost compared with conventional drugs, lesser undesirable drug reactions and thus high safety, and reduced side effects. The present review focuses on the composition, pharmacology, and results of experimental trials of selected medicinal plants: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn., Glycyrrhiza glabra, Phyllanthus amarus Schumach...
February 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949769/effects-of-biochar-and-nitrogen-addition-on-nutrient-and-cd-uptake-of-cichorium-intybus-grown-in-acidic-soil
#10
Yan Xiao, Yang Li, Yeye Che, Shaojun Deng, Mohan Liu
Biochar is an organic amendment used for soil remediation, there are only a few studies documenting the effects of nitrogen on the role of biochar in contaminated soils. A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the impacts of biochar (0%, 1% and 2.5%, w/w) and nitrogen (0, 100 and 200 mg N kg(-1)) on plant growth, nutrient and Cd uptake of Cichorium intybus. N, P, Ca, Mg and Cd concentrations increased with N level in 0 and 1% biochar treatments. In plants treated with 2.5% biochar, 200 mg N kg(-1) addition caused significant reductions of N, P, Ca, Mg and Cd concentrations in comparison to 100 mg N kg(-1) treatments...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922763/chicory-r2r3-myb-transcription-factors-cimyb5-and-cimyb3-regulate-fructan-1-exohydrolase-expression-in-response-to-abiotic-stress-and-hormonal-cues
#11
Hongbin Wei, Hongbo Zhao, Tao Su, Anja Bausewein, Steffen Greiner, Karsten Harms, Thomas Rausch
In the biennial Cichorium intybus, inulin-type fructans accumulate in the taproot during the first year. Upon cold or drought exposure, fructans are degraded by fructan exohydrolases, affecting inulin yield and degree of polymerization. While stress-induced expression of 1-FEH genes has been thoroughly explored, the transcriptional network mediating these responses has remained unknown. In this study, several R2R3-MYB transcriptional regulators were analysed for their possible involvement in 1-FEH regulation via transient transactivation of 1-FEH target promoters and for in vivo co-expression with target genes under different stress and hormone treatments...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891986/variability-of-secondary-metabolites-of-the-species-cichorium-intybus-l-from-different-habitats
#12
Nenad M Zlatić, Milan S Stanković
The principal aim of this paper is to show the influence of soil characteristics on the quantitative variability of secondary metabolites. Analysis of phenolic content, flavonoid concentrations, and the antioxidant activity was performed using the ethanol and ethyl acetate plant extracts of the species Cichorium intybus L. (Asteraceae). The samples were collected from one saline habitat and two non-saline habitats. The values of phenolic content from the samples taken from the saline habitat ranged from 119...
September 11, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877771/stability-fatty-acid-composition-and-sensory-properties-of-the-m-longissimus-muscle-from-beef-steers-grazing-either-chicory-ryegrass-or-ryegrass
#13
C L Marley, R Fychan, J W Davies, V J Theobald, N D Scollan, R I Richardson, R Sanderson
Research has shown both production and health benefits for the use of chicory (Cichorium intybus) within ruminant diets. Despite this, little was known about the effects of this forage, containing differing fatty acid profiles and secondary plant compounds compared with ryegrass, on beef stability, fatty acid composition or sensory properties. An experiment was conducted to investigate whether the inclusion of chicory in the diet of grazing beef steers would alter these three properties in the M. Longissimus muscle when compared with beef steers grazing perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)...
April 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874202/ethnobotanical-survey-of-wild-food-plants-traditionally-collected-and-consumed-in-the-middle-agri-valley-basilicata-region-southern-italy
#14
Sabrina Sansanelli, Maura Ferri, Mirko Salinitro, Annalisa Tassoni
BACKGROUND: This research was carried out in a scarcely populated area of the Middle Agri Valley (Basilicata region, southern Italy). The aim of the study was to record local knowledge on the traditional uses of wild food plants, as well as to collect information regarding the practices (gathering, processing and cooking) and the medicinal uses related to these plants. METHODS: Fifty-eight people still possessing traditional local knowledge (TLK), 74% women and 26% men, were interviewed between May-August 2012 and January 2013, using open and semi-structured ethnobotanical interviews...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873657/chemical-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-cichorium-spinosum-l-leaves-in-relation-to-developmental-stage
#15
Spyridon A Petropoulos, Ângela Fernandes, Antoniadis Vasileios, Georgia Ntatsi, Lillian Barros, Isabel C F R Ferreira
In the present study, chemical composition and bioactivity of Cichorium spinosum leaves were examined at different growth stages for optimum harvest stage and end-use assessment. Total fresh weight and number of leaves were higher at 4th growth stage; however, at this stage the end-use is not indicated for raw consumption but mostly for pickled or dried products. Regarding chemical composition, the highest content of tocopherols and minerals was observed in the 1st growth stage, whereas sugars content was the highest in 3rd and 4th growth stage...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855829/detection-of-new-viruses-in-alfalfa-weeds-and-cultivated-plants-growing-adjacent-to-alfalfa-fields-in-saudi-arabia
#16
I M Al-Shahwan, O A Abdalla, M A Al-Saleh, M A Amer
A total of 1368 symptomatic plant samples showing different virus-like symptoms such as mottling, chlorosis, mosaic, yellow mosaic, vein clearing and stunting were collected from alfalfa, weed and cultivated plant species growing in vicinity of alfalfa fields in five principal regions of alfalfa production in Saudi Arabia. DAS-ELISA test indicated occurrence of 11 different viruses in these samples, 10 of which were detected for the first time in Saudi Arabia. Eighty percent of the alfalfa samples and 97.5% of the weed and cultivated plants samples were found to be infected with one or more of these viruses...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842916/impact-of-nitrogen-source-and-supply-level-on-growth-yield-and-nutritional-value-of-two-contrasting-ecotypes-of-cichorium-spinosum-l-grown-hydroponically
#17
Martina Chatzigianni, Bara'a Alkhaled, Ioannis Livieratos, Aristidis Stamatakis, Georgia Ntatsi, Dimitrios Savvas
BACKGROUND: In the present study, two contrasting stamnagathi (Cichorium spinosum L.) ecotypes originating either from a mountainous or from a seaside habitat were grown hydroponically and supplied with a nutrient solution differing in the total-N level (4 or 16 mmol L-1 ) and the N source (NH4 + -N/total-N: 0.05, 0.25 or 0.50). The aim was to search for genotypic differences in nitrogen nutrition. RESULTS: At commercial maturity, the dry weight of mountainous plants was higher than that of seaside plants...
March 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807295/anthelmintic-effects-of-forage-chicory-cichorium-intybus-against-free-living-and-parasitic-stages-of-cooperia-oncophora
#18
Miguel Peña-Espinoza, Andrew R Williams, Stig M Thamsborg, Henrik T Simonsen, Heidi L Enemark
Chicory shows great promise as an anthelmintic forage for grazing ruminants that can reduce reliance on anti-parasitic drugs. Recently, we reported potent anthelmintic effects of chicory-based diets in infected cattle with significant reductions in worm burdens of the abomasal nematode Ostertagia ostertagi, whilst no apparent activity was observed against the small intestinal parasite Cooperia oncophora. To explore this discrepancy, we investigated direct anthelmintic effects of forage chicory against C. oncophora in vitro...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764074/successive-harvesting-affects-yield-chemical-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-cichorium-spinosum-l
#19
Spyridon Petropoulos, Ângela Fernandes, Anestis Karkanis, Georgia Ntatsi, Lillian Barros, Isabel C F R Ferreira
In the present study, the effect of successive harvesting on yield, chemical composition and antioxidant activity of Cichorium spinosum plants was examined. C. spinosum plants were grown from seeds sown in seed trays containing peat and young seedlings were transplanted in 2L pots containing peat and perlite (1:1v/v). Plants were harvested two or three times during two consecutive growing periods. Total fresh weight and number of leaves were higher for successive harvests in both growing periods comparing to a single harvest...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707708/identification-and-quantification-of-phenolic-compounds-in-edible-wild-leafy-vegetables-by-uhplc-orbitrap-ms
#20
Elisa Giambanelli, L Filippo D'Antuono, Roberto Romero-González, Antonia Garrido Frenich
BACKGROUND: A recent interest in edible wild leafy vegetables has been documented. Consumers often associate these species with health promotion. In this study, several wild species of the Asteraceae family and Knautia integrifolia (Dipsacaceae) were locally documented for their use in traditional cuisine and sampled from the wild. RESULTS: Phenolic compounds were identified and quantified by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry...
February 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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