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Pediatric ibuprofen

Kerrin C DePeter, Stephen M Blumberg, Sarah Dienstag Becker, James A Meltzer
BACKGROUND: Despite being an effective analgesic for children with fractures, some clinicians may avoid prescribing ibuprofen due to its potentially harmful effect on bone healing. OBJECTIVE: To determine if exposure to ibuprofen is associated with an increased risk of bone healing complications in children with fractures. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of children aged 6 months to 17 years who presented to the pediatric emergency department (PED) with a fracture of the tibia, femur, humerus, scaphoid, or fifth metatarsus and who followed up with the orthopedic service...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Justin C Sowder, Craig M Gale, Jacob L Henrichsen, Kristy Veale, Katie B Liljestrand, Barbara C Ostlund, Aaron Sherwood, Austin Smith, Griffin H Olsen, Mark Ott, Jeremy D Meier
OBJECTIVES: To (1) review pain medications prescribed following pediatric adenotonsillectomy (T&A), (2) identify pain medications reported to be helpful, and (3) compare parent-reported outcomes among various combinations of pain medications. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with planned data collection. SETTING: Multihospital network. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The primary caregivers of children aged 1 to 18 years who underwent isolated T&A from June to December 2014 were contacted 14 to 21 days after surgery...
September 6, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Meredith L Howard, Alex N Isaacs, Sarah A Nisly
PURPOSE: To review the use of continuous infusion (CI) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as an alternative modality for pain control in surgical patient populations. METHODS: A PubMed and MEDLINE search was conducted from 1964 through February 2016 using the following search terms alone or in combinations: continuous, infusion, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin, ketoprofen, ketorolac, and surgery. All English-language, prospective and retrospective, adult and pediatric studies evaluating intravenous or intramuscular CI NSAIDs for surgical pain were evaluated for inclusion in this review...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Anuja Damani, Naveen Salins, Arunangshu Ghoshal, MaryAnn Muckaden
INTRODUCTION: There is a gradual increasing trend in childhood cancers in India and pediatric palliative care in India is an emerging specialty. Prescribing pain and symptom control drugs in children with cancer requires knowledge of palliative care formulary, dosing schedules, and prescription guidelines. This study is a retrospective audit of prescribing practices of a specialist palliative care service situated in a tertiary cancer center. METHODS: A total of 1135 medication records of children receiving specialist pediatric palliative care services were audited for 5 years (2010-2014) to evaluate prescribing practices in children with advanced cancer...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
James I Hagadorn, Elizabeth A Brownell, Jennifer M Trzaski, Kendall R Johnson, Shabnam Lainwala, Brendan T Campbell, Katherine W Herbst
BACKGROUND: We examined recent trends and interhospital variation in use of indomethacin, ibuprofen, and surgical ligation for PDA in VLBW infants. METHODS: Included in this retrospective study of the Pediatric Hospital Information System database were 13,853 VLBW infants from 19 US children's hospitals, admitted at age < 3 days between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2014. PDA management and in-hospital outcomes were examined for trends and variation. RESULTS: PDA was diagnosed in 5,719 (42%) VLBW infants...
August 10, 2016: Pediatric Research
Joanne Kacperski, Andrew D Hershey
Treatment of pediatric migraine remains an unmet medical need. There continues to be a paucity of pediatric randomized controlled trials for the treatment of migraine, both in the acute and preventive settings. Pediatric studies are often complicated by high placebo-response rates and much of our current practice is based on adult trials. This lack of significant pediatric studies results in a wide variation in migraine management both amongst clinicians and between institutions, and evidence-based treatments are not always administered...
September 2016: CNS Drugs
Joe MacLellan, Samina Ali, Sarah Curtis, Jason Baserman, Andrew Dixon
OBJECTIVES: Gingivostomatitis is a common, painful pediatric presentation, and yet, few studies are available to guide management. We aimed to describe pediatric emergency physicians' current practice patterns, with respect to analgesic use in children with acute gingivostomatitis, in order to inform future studies. METHODS: A national survey was conducted at all 15 national academic pediatric centres. Electronic surveys were distributed to pediatric emergency physicians using a modified Dillman protocol; non-respondents received paper surveys via post...
July 27, 2016: CJEM
Sylvie Le May, Samina Ali, Christelle Khadra, Amy L Drendel, Evelyne D Trottier, Serge Gouin, Naveen Poonai
Background. Pain management for children with musculoskeletal injuries is suboptimal and, in the absence of clear evidence-based guidelines, varies significantly. Objective. To systematically review the most effective pain management for children presenting to the emergency department with musculoskeletal injuries. Methods. Electronic databases were searched systematically for randomized controlled trials of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions for children aged 0-18 years, with musculoskeletal injury, in the emergency department...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Ravi Goyal, Dipali Goyal, Lawrence D Longo, Ronald I Clyman
BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the newborn is the most common congenital heart anomaly and is significantly more common in preterm infants. Contemporary pharmacological treatment is effective in only 70-80% of the cases. Moreover, indomethacin or ibuprofen, which are used to close a PDA may be accompanied by serious side effects in premature infants. To explore the novel molecular pathways, which may be involved in the maturation and closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA), we used fetal and neonatal sheep to test the hypothesis that maturational development of DA is associated with significant alterations in specific mRNA expression...
October 2016: Pediatric Research
Jason Schweitzer, Christine James, Willough Jenkins, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
A 5-year-old nonverbal child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was admitted to inpatient pediatrics with new onset agitation and self-injurious behavior. His parents described him as a pleasant child without previous episodes of self-injury. Four days before admission, the parents noted new irritability followed by 2 days of self-injury to the face without clear precipitant. His hitting intensified with closed fist to face, and he required parental physical restraint to prevent further injury. Car rides and ibuprofen provided only temporary relief...
September 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Sharon M Rymut, Claire M Kampman, Deborah A Corey, Tori Endres, Calvin U Cotton, Thomas J Kelley
High-dose ibuprofen, an effective anti-inflammatory therapy for the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF), has been shown to preserve lung function in a pediatric population. Despite its efficacy, few patients receive ibuprofen treatment due to potential renal and gastrointestinal toxicity. The mechanism of ibuprofen efficacy is also unclear. We have previously demonstrated that CF microtubules are slower to reform after depolymerization compared with respective wild-type controls. Slower microtubule dynamics in CF cells are responsible for impaired intracellular transport and are related to inflammatory signaling...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Benoit Bailey, Evelyne D Trottier
Far more attention is now given to pain management in children in the emergency department (ED). When a child arrives, pain must be recognized and evaluated using a pain scale that is appropriate to the child's development and regularly assessed to determine whether the pain intervention was effective. At triage, both analgesics and non-pharmacological strategies, such as distraction, immobilization, and dressing should be started. For mild pain, oral ibuprofen can be administered if the child has not received it at home, whereas ibuprofen and paracetamol are suitable for moderate pain...
August 2016: Paediatric Drugs
Osemeke U Osokogu, Caitlin Dodd, Alexandra Pacurariu, Florentia Kaguelidou, Daniel Weibel, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous reports of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) can be analyzed to yield additional drug safety evidence for the pediatric population. Signal detection algorithms (SDAs) are required for these analyses; however, the performance of SDAs in the pediatric population specifically is unknown. We tested the performance of two SDAs on pediatric data from the US FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) and investigated the impact of age stratification and age adjustment on the performance of SDAs...
September 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Caroline Saint-Martin, Lukshe Kanagaratnam, Paul de Boissieu, Brahim Azzouz, Malak Abou Taam, Thierry Trenque
AIM: To describe the adverse drug reactions (ADR) and the drugs involved in pediatrics. METHODS: An observational study on all ADR notifications recorded in the French pharmacovigilance database by the Regional Pharmacovigilance Center of Champagne-Ardenne between 1 January 1985 and 31 December 2014 involving children from 0 to 17 years inclusive was performed. For all notifications, we studied the patient and the ADR characteristics. RESULTS: During the study period, 632 notifications were collected...
April 11, 2016: Thérapie
Julia A Pfaff, Kevin Hsu, Sri Kiran Chennupati
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of ibuprofen on posttonsillectomy bleeding when compared with codeine in posttonsillectomy analgesia. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: On July 1, 2012, our institution transitioned from acetaminophen with codeine to ibuprofen for posttonsillectomy analgesia. Pediatric patients (0-18 years old) who underwent surgery from July 1, 2010, to June 30, 2012, were placed in the codeine cohort, and those who underwent surgery from July 1, 2012, to June 30, 2014, were placed in the ibuprofen cohort...
September 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Renu Sinha, Dilip Shende, Souvik Maitra, Neeraj Kumar, Bikash Ranjan Ray, Virender Kumar Mohan
Aim. Efficacy of granisetron and combination of granisetron and dexamethasone was evaluated for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children undergoing elective strabismus surgery. Methods. A total of 136 children (1-15 years) were included. Children received either granisetron (40 mcg/kg) [group G] or combination of granisetron (40 mcg/kg) and dexamethasone (150 mcg/kg) [group GD]. Intraoperative fentanyl requirement and incidence and severity of oculocardiac reflex were assessed...
2016: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
Brandon W Pierson, Brandon S Cardon, Michael P Anderson, Robert S Glade
OBJECTIVE:   This article evaluates postoperative analgesia in pediatric palatoplasty patients using nonopioid oral medications. DESIGN:   This study was a retrospective chart review. SETTING:   The setting for this study was a tertiary-care children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS:   Study participants were pediatric patients who underwent palatoplasty procedures performed by a single surgeon. INTERVENTIONS:   Interventions included nonopioid and opioid oral medications for postoperative analgesia...
February 16, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Jonathan L Slaughter, Patricia B Reagan, Roopali V Bapat, Thomas B Newman, Mark A Klebanoff
UNLABELLED: We surveyed neonatal leadership at 46 US children's hospitals via web-based survey to identify local preferences and concerns regarding indomethacin prophylaxis, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) treatment, and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation. We received a 100 % survey response (N = 46). Practice guidelines for prophylactic indomethacin were reported at 28 % of NICUs, for NSAID treatment of PDA at 39 % and for surgical ligation at 27 %. Respondents noted intra-institutional practice variation for indomethacin prophylaxis (33 %), NSAID treatment (70 %), and PDA ligation (73 %)...
June 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Sabrina Cardile, Massimo Martinelli, Arrigo Barabino, Paolo Gandullia, Salvatore Oliva, Giovanni Di Nardo, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Francesca Rea, Gian Luigi De' Angelis, Barbara Bizzarri, Graziella Guariso, Enzo Masci, Annamaria Staiano, Erasmo Miele, Claudio Romano
AIM: To investigate gastrointestinal complications associated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) use in children. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter study was conducted between January 2005 and January 2013, with the participation of 8 Italian pediatric gastroenterology centers. We collected all the cases of patients who refer to emergency room for suspected gastrointestinal bleeding following NSAIDs consumption, and underwent endoscopic evaluation...
February 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Catarina Maia, Jacinta Fonseca, Isabel Carvalho, Helena Santos, Diana Moreira
INTRODUCTION: In Portugal, the incidence of complicated infection by varicella-zoster virus is unknown. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical features of complicated infection by varicella-zoster virus in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of the clinical files of patients admitted between January 1999 and July 2013, with a diagnosis of complicated varicella-zoster virus infection. RESULTS: Ninety-four patients were hospitalized with complicated varicella-zoster virus infection, two of them by reactivation of latent infection...
November 2015: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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