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Masanori Naito, Naoto Ogura, Takahiro Yamanashi, Takeo Sato, Takatoshi Nakamura, Hirohisa Miura, Atsuko Tsutsui, Yasutoshi Sakamoto, Rieko Tanaka, Yuji Kumagai, Masahiko Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: Clinical use of an adhesion barrier made of oxidized, regenerated cellulose, Interceed®, has been reported in the field of obstetrics and gynecology to help prevent adhesions between the peritoneum and the bowel in various types of operations. In gastrointestinal surgery, sodium hyaluronate/carboxymethylcellulose has been reported as an absorbable membrane to reduce postoperative adhesions. The present study was a prospective randomized controlled study to investigate the safety and usefulness of Interceed in laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
October 18, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Rebeccah B Baucom, Jenny Ousley, Gloria B Beveridge, Sharon E Phillips, Richard A Pierce, Michael D Holzman, Kenneth W Sharp, William H Nealon, Benjamin K Poulose
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivorship focuses largely on improving quality of life. We aimed to determine the rate of ventral incisional hernia (VIH) formation after cancer resection, with implications for survivorship. METHODS: Patients without prior VIH who underwent abdominal malignancy resections at a tertiary center were followed up to 2 years. Patients with a viewable preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan and CT within 2 years postoperatively were included...
October 14, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Marisa M Clifton, Raffi Gurunluoglu, Javier Pizarro-Berdichevsky, Todd Baker, Sandip P Vasavada
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal stenosis is an unfortunate complication that can occur after pelvic radiation therapy for gynecologic or colorectal malignancies. Treatment is challenging and can require significant reconstructive surgery. The objective of this video is to present a case of vaginal stenosis after radiation and describe vaginal reconstruction with a fasciocutaneous Singapore flap. METHODS: We describe the case of a 42-year-old woman with a history of stage 3 colorectal cancer who underwent partial colectomy, chemotherapy, and pelvic radiation...
September 28, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Laila Bouguenouch, Imane Samri, Khadija Belhassan, Hanane Sayel, Meriame Abbassi, Sanae Bennis, Dafr Allah Benajah, Adil Ibrahimi, Afaf Amarti, Karim Ouldim
Lynch syndrome or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is the most common form of hereditary colorectal cancers. It increases cancer susceptibility, the risk of colorectal cancer in first-degree, endometrial cancer in women, and to a lesser extent, other cancers (ovarian, small bowel, stomach, urinary tract and hepatobiliary). Thus, the cumulative risk of developing colorectal cancer or endometrial cancer at the age of 80 years rises to 20 and 40% respectively. These cancers are characterized by a positive family history, their occurrence at an early age, and by the development of metachronous cancers in the same individual...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Carol L Kuhle, Ekta Kapoor, Richa Sood, Jacqueline M Thielen, Aminah Jatoi, Stephanie S Faubion
Decision making regarding the use of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) for the treatment of bothersome menopausal symptoms in a cancer survivor can be complex, and includes assessment of its impact on disease-free or overall survival. Estrogen receptors are present in several cancer types, but this does not always result in estrogen-mediated tumor proliferation and adverse cancer-related outcomes. Estrogen may even be protective against certain cancers. Menopausal hormone therapy is associated with an increased risk of recurrence and mortality after diagnosis of some cancer types, but not others...
October 2016: Maturitas
Sen-Wen Teng, Huann-Cheng Horng, Chi-Hong Ho, Ming-Shyen Yen, Hsiang-Tai Chao, Peng-Hui Wang
Endometriosis, defined by the presence of viable extrauterine endometrial glands and stroma, can grow or bleed cyclically, and possesses characteristics including a destructive, invasive, and metastatic nature. Since endometriosis may result in pelvic inflammation, adhesion, chronic pain, and infertility, and can progress to biologically malignant tumors, it is a long-term major health issue in women of reproductive age. In this review, we analyze the Taiwan domestic research addressing associations between endometriosis and other diseases...
August 20, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Patricia Holch, Lorraine Warrington, Barbara Potrata, Lucy Ziegler, Ceri Hector, Ada Keding, Clare Harley, Kate Absolom, Carolyn Morris, Leon Bamforth, Galina Velikova
BACKGROUND: Standardized reporting of treatment-related adverse events (AE) is essential in clinical trials, usually achieved by using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) reported by clinicians. Patient-reported adverse events (PRAE) may add value to clinician assessments, providing patient perspective on subjective toxicity. We developed an online patient symptom report and self-management system for real-time reporting and managing AE during cancer treatment integrated with electronic patient records (eRAPID)...
August 23, 2016: Acta Oncologica
Karin Kast, Catharina Dobberschütz, Carolin Eva Sadowski, Steffen Pistorius, Pauline Wimberger
INTRODUCTION: Lynch syndrome is known by healthcare providers mainly for patients with colorectal cancer. Awareness of other associated tumors, such as endometrial or ovarian cancer, is low. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of Lynch syndrome in unselected patients with endometrial or ovarian cancer. In addition, the willingness of patients and family members to undergo germline mutation testing was investigated. METHODS: The medical records of all patients diagnosed with endometrial or ovarian cancer at the Department of Gynecology and Obsterics, University Hospital Dresden, between 1998 and 2012, were screened for a family history of HNPCC-associated cancer...
August 18, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Ko Eun Lee, Chang Mo Moon, Hai-Jeon Yoon, Bom Sahn Kim, Ji Young Chang, Hyo Moon Son, Min Sun Ryu, Seong-Eun Kim, Ki-Nam Shim, Hye-Kyung Jung, Sung-Ae Jung
18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) scan is used to evaluate various kinds of tumors. While most studies on PET findings of the colon focus on the colonic uptake pattern, studies regarding background colonic uptake on PET scan are rare. The purpose of this study was to identify the association between the background colonic uptake and the presence of colorectal adenoma (CRA), which is a frequent precancerous lesion. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 241 patients with gynecologic malignancy who had received PET or PET/computed tomography (CT) scan and colonoscopy at the same period as a baseline evaluation...
2016: PloS One
B Dustin Pooler, David H Kim, Perry J Pickhardt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence and outcomes of unsuspected indeterminate but likely unimportant extracolonic findings (CT Colonography Reporting and Data System [C-RADS] category E3) at screening CT colonography (CTC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 99 months (April 2004 through June 2012), 7952 consecutive adults without symptoms of colorectal cancer (4277 women, 3675 men; mean age ± SD, 56.7 ± 7.3 years) underwent first-time screening CTC...
November 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Chun-Han Nigel Tan, Choon-Seng Chong, Yoke-Fai Fong, Shakina Rauff, Ker-Kan Tan
BACKGROUND: Natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) has evolved to circumvent the need for a specimen extraction site. Transvaginal specimen extraction (TVSE) for colorectal disease has been shown to be safe and feasible in selected cases.1 (,) 2 We describe our technique of TVSE in a case of laparoscopic ultra-low anterior resection (ULAR) with defunctioning ileostomy (DI) with a concomitant total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophrectomy (THBSO). METHODS AND RESULTS: A 74-year-old Chinese female was diagnosed with a mid-rectal cancer following colonoscopic evaluation for a change in bowel habits...
August 5, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Diego Flores-Funes, Álvaro Campillo-Soto, Enrique Pellicer-Franco, José Luis Aguayo-Albasini
Postoperative ileus is one of the main complications in the postoperative period. New measures appeared with the introduction of «fast-track surgery» to accelerate recovery: coffee, chewing gum and gastrograffin. We performed a summary of current evidence, reviewing articles from MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ISI Web of Science, and SCOPUS databases. Employed search terms were «postoperative ileus» AND («definition» OR «epidemiology» OR «risk factors» OR «Management»). We selected 44 articles: 9 systematic reviews 11 narrative reviews, 13 randomized clinical trials, 6 observational studies, and the remaining 5 scientific letters, assumptions, etc...
July 22, 2016: Cirugía Española
Roberto Berretta, Federico Marchesi, Lavinia Volpi, Giulio Ricotta, Michela Monica, Giulio Sozzi, Maurizio Di Serio, Daniele Mautone
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical outcomes and postoperative quality of life in patients affected by locally advanced ovarian cancer who underwent pelvic posterior exenteration with Hudson-Delle Piane radical retrograde hysterectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study was done on a retrospective cohort using data from 22 patients who underwent surgery between 2010 and 2014 at the Gynecological Oncologic Center of Parma, Parma, Italy. RESULTS: Residual disease after surgery (Sugarbacker index) was absent (CC-0) in 68% of cases...
June 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Puraj P Patel, Michael W Love, Joseph A Ewing, Jeremy A Warren, William S Cobb, Alfredo M Carbonell
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) with intraperitoneal mesh placement is well established; however, the fate of patients requiring future abdominal operations is not well understood. This study identifies the characteristics of LVHR patients undergoing reoperation and the sequelae of reoperation. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database at a hernia referral center identified patients who underwent LVHR between 2005 and 2014 and then underwent a subsequent abdominal operation...
June 23, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Yu Guang Tan, Grace Tan, David Tan, Claramae S Chia, Dun Yong Ang, Melissa C C Teo
BACKGROUND: In locally advanced pelvic malignancies, there is often involvement of urological organs, necessitating resection and reconstruction, which can be associated with significant complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 20 patients undergoing urological reconstructions during pelvic oncological surgeries from January 2004 to December 2013. All patients had imaging-proven involvement of at least one urological organ preoperatively. Primary outcome was urological complication rate...
June 14, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
Vivek Verma
Curcumin is widely reported to have remarkable medicinal - and antineoplastic - properties. This review details curcumin's relationship with radiotherapy (RT), principally as a radiosensitizer for various malignancies and a radioprotector for normal tissues. First, examples of radiosensitization are provided for various cancers: Pediatric, lymphoma, sarcoma, prostate, gynecologic, pancreas, liver, colorectal, breast, lung, head/neck, and glioma. It is not the purpose of this article to comprehensively review all radiosensitization data; however, high-quality studies are discussed in relationship to currently-controversial RT questions for many cancers, and thus the importance of developing a natural radiosensitizer...
June 10, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
Sapna Vinit Amin, Aswathy Kumaran, Sunanda Bharatnur, Akhila Vasudeva, Kartik Udupa, Dinesh Bangalore Venkateshiah, Shaila T Bhat
Neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) are rare malignancies that originate from the hormone-producing cells of the body's neuroendocrine system. Rectal high grade NEC (HG-NEC) constituting less than 1% of colorectal cancers can cause large ovarian metastasis that may be the initial presenting complaint. Ovarian Krukenberg tumor from a primary rectal HG-NEC is a very unusual and exceedingly uncommon differential diagnosis for secondary ovarian malignancy. This case report describes one such extremely rare case of a woman who had presented to the gynecology department with features suggestive of ovarian malignancy and was ultimately diagnosed to have Krukenberg tumor originating from neuroendocrine cancer of rectum...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Constantin Octavian Neagoe, Octavian Mazilu
PURPOSE: Iatrogenic events are more likely to occur during surgical treatment of malignant conditions. Gynecologic and colorectal cancers account for most of the cases that require surgical treatment within the pelvic area. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of intraoperative accidents and the most frequently encountered injuries during surgery for cancers of the pelvic area. METHODS: The records of 2702 patients admitted to our clinic over a 15-year period, (January 2000-December 2014), were analyzed for type and frequency of intraoperative accidents...
March 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Patricia A Shaw, Blaise A Clarke
Hereditary breast ovarian cancer and Lynch/hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome account for most hereditary gynecologic cancers. In the absence of effective cancer screening and other preventative strategies, risk-reducing surgery in women who are known to be at genetic risk of BRCA-associated or of Lynch syndrome carcinomas is effective in significantly decreasing the lifetime risk of developing malignancy. Reflex genomic testing of high-grade ovarian cancers and reflex immunohistochemistry in endometrial cancers will lead to greater recognition of germline-associated cancers...
June 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
Kelly M Kenzik, Erin E Kent, Michelle Y Martin, Smita Bhatia, Maria Pisu
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify chronic condition clusters at pre- and post-cancer diagnosis, evaluate predictors of developing clusters post-cancer, and examine the impact on functional impairment among older cancer survivors. METHODS: We identified 5991 survivors age 65 and older of prostate, breast, colorectal, lung, bladder, kidney, head and neck, and gynecologic cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey resource...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
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