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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217904/comparison-of-the-short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-and-open-resections-for-colorectal-cancer-in-patients-with-a-history-of-prior-median-laparotomy
#1
Young Wan Kim, Ik Yong Kim
This study aimed to investigate the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic resection in comparison with those of open resection for colorectal cancer in patients with a history of prior median laparotomy (PML). Eighty-seven consecutive patients (87/1121, 7.8 %) with a history of PML who underwent major colorectal cancer resection were enrolled (laparoscopy, n = 40; open, n = 47). The conversion rate to open surgery was 25 % (n = 10). The laparoscopy group had a higher proportion of female patients (57...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166807/secondary-malignancies-of-the-bladder-avoiding-the-diagnostic-pitfall
#2
Alexander Feldman, Samuel Borak, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Jennifer Gordetsky
Although rare, secondary tumors of the bladder can present a diagnostic dilemma to pathologists considering a differential diagnosis of primary bladder cancer. We investigated the clinicopathologic and imaging characteristics of metastatic tumors to the bladder. We retrospectively reviewed the surgical pathology databases from 2 sites from 2013 to 2016, identifying 66 cases of secondary bladder tumors. Clinical, pathologic, and imaging findings were reviewed. Mean age at diagnosis was 63 years (range = 25-87)...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113037/vitamin-d-and-vdr-in-gynecological-cancers-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Eileen Deuster, Udo Jeschke, Yao Ye, Sven Mahner, Bastian Czogalla
In recent years, a vast amount of studies have centered on the role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of certain types of cancers such as breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Increasing evidence suggests that vitamin D and its receptor play a crucial role in the development of gynecological cancers. In this review, we systematically analyzed the effect of vitamin D and the vitamin D receptor on endometrial, ovarian, cervical, vulvar and vaginal cancer. Our literature research shows that vitamin D levels and vitamin-D-related pathways affect the risk of gynecological cancers...
November 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078666/developing-a-robotic-pancreas-program-the-dutch-experience
#4
REVIEW
Carolijn L Nota, Maurice J Zwart, Yuman Fong, Jeroen Hagendoorn, Melissa E Hogg, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Marc G Besselink, I Quintus Molenaar
Robot-assisted surgery has been developed to overcome limitations of conventional laparoscopy aiming to further optimize minimally invasive surgery. Despite the fact that robotics already have been widely adopted in urology, gynecology, and several gastro-intestinal procedures, like colorectal surgery, pancreatic surgery lags behind. Due to the complex nature of the procedure, surgeons probably have been hesitant to apply minimally invasive techniques in pancreatic surgery. Nevertheless, the past few years pancreatic surgery has been catching up...
2017: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040216/depressive-symptoms-screening-in-postmenopausal-women-with-symptomatic-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#5
Fangfang Ai, Mou Deng, Meng Mao, Tao Xu, Lan Zhu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in postmenopausal women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to identify the factors associated with depressive symptoms in this population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving postmenopausal women with symptomatic POP who visited the Center of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, between July 2016 and March 2017...
October 16, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034078/recent-advances-in-cancer-surgery-in-older-patients
#6
REVIEW
Siri Rostoft, Riccardo A Audisio
Age is the most important risk factor for the occurrence of cancer, and a declining mortality from heart disease and other non-cancer causes leaves an older population that is at high risk of developing cancer. Choosing the optimal treatment for older cancer patients may be a challenge. Firstly, older age and associated factors such as comorbidities, functional limitations, and cognitive impairment are risk factors for adverse effects of cancer treatment. Secondly, older patients are often excluded from clinical trials, and current clinical guidelines rarely address how to manage cancer in patients who have comorbidities or functional limitations...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960834/the-application-of-crowdsourcing-approaches-to-cancer-research-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Young Ji Lee, Janet A Arida, Heidi S Donovan
Crowdsourcing is "the practice of obtaining participants, services, ideas, or content by soliciting contributions from a large group of people, especially via the Internet." (Ranard et al. J. Gen. Intern. Med. 29:187, 2014) Although crowdsourcing has been adopted in healthcare research and its potential for analyzing large datasets and obtaining rapid feedback has recently been recognized, no systematic reviews of crowdsourcing in cancer research have been conducted. Therefore, we sought to identify applications of and explore potential uses for crowdsourcing in cancer research...
November 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917369/emesis-in-patients-receiving-acupuncture-sham-acupuncture-or-standard-care-during-chemo-radiation-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Ylva Widgren, Anna Enblom
OBJECTIVE: To study nausea, vomiting and need for rescue antiemetics in patients receiving antiemetic acupuncture, sham acupuncture or standard care during concomitant chemotherapy during pelvic radiotherapy. METHODS: In total, 68 patients participated (75% women, mean age 56 years, 53% had gynecological, 43% colorectal, and 4% other cancer types). Fifty-seven of them were blinded randomized to verum (n=28) or sham (n=29) acupuncture, median 10 sessions. During the study period of four weeks, the patients daily registered their nausea, vomiting and consumption of antiemetics...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917366/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-self-care-strategies-for-nausea-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-or-pelvic-irradiation-for-cancer-a-longitudinal-observational-study-of-implementation-in-routine-care
#9
Anna Enblom, Gunnar Steineck, Sussanne Börjeson
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally describe practice of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) self-care strategies for nausea during radiotherapy. METHODS: Two hundred patients daily registered nausea and practice of CAM self-care strategies, beside conventional antiemetic medications, for nausea during abdominal/pelvic irradiation (median five weeks) for gynecological (69%) colorectal (27%) or other tumors (4%). RESULTS: During radiotherapy, 131 (66%) experienced nausea, and 50 (25%) practiced self-care for nausea at least once, for a mean (m) of 15...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915206/laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-in-patients-with-previous-abdominal-surgery-a-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#10
Erdinc Kamer, Turan Acar, Fevzi Cengiz, Evren Durak, Mehmet Haciyanli
To present the outcomes of laparoscopic colorectal surgery in colorectal cancer patients with a previous history of abdominal surgery. Data of a total of 121 patients with primary colorectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic surgery were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into 2 groups as those with previous abdominal surgery (PAS, n=34) and those without (non-PAS, n=87). Gastric and colonic surgeries were the most common procedures in the major PAS group, whereas gynecologic and obstetric surgeries and appendectomy were the most common procedures in the minor PAS group...
September 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881667/a-high-plasma-d-dimer-level-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-gynecological-tumors-in-east-asia-area-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Lei Xu, Fan He, Hongcai Wang, Bei Gao, Huini Wu, Shuping Zhao
High pre-treatment plasma D-dimer levels have been reported as a factor associated with a poor prognosis in different types of malignancies, including pancreatic, gastric, colorectal, lung, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to determine the association of plasma D-dimer levels and long term survival in gynecological cancers, including ovarian, cervical and endometrial carcinoma. We searched all eligible publications in PubMed and Web of Science Databases up to August 2016. Primary outcomes, including overall survival (OS), disease-free survival and hazard ratios (HR) of were extracted and analyzed...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869181/-impact-of-osteopathic-manipulative-therapy-in-patient-with-deep-with-colorectal-endometriosis-a-classification-based-on-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#12
C Daraï, S Bendifallah, H Foulot, M Ballester, N Chabbert-Buffet, E Daraï
OBJECTIVES: A prospective study to evaluate the clinical impact of osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMT) on symptoms and quality of life (QOL) of patients with colorectal endometriosis. METHODS: Forty-six patients with colorectal endometriosis completed the SF-36 QOL and symptoms questionnaire before and after OMT. A comparison and clustering analysis was performed to identify subgroups of patient's profile and symptom classification. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 32±6...
August 28, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869103/clinical-manifestations-and-stk11-germline-mutations-in-taiwanese-patients-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#13
Jy-Ming Chiang, Tse-Ching Chen
BACKGROUNDS: Clinical manifestations and molecular basis of Taiwanese patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) were investigated to add the knowledge of phenotype and genotype of the disease. METHODS: Based on the Pathology Data Bank and the Colorectal Cancer Register, we collected their clinical data. The entire coding sequence of the STK11 gene was amplified and analyzed by sequencing using the genomic DNA. RESULTS: Fifteen patients diagnosed with PJS from 11 unrelated families were collected until 2015...
August 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859920/sponsoring-surgeons-an-investigation-on-the-influence-of-the-da-vinci-robot
#14
Cory N Criss, Samir K Gadepalli
INTRODUCTION: The integrity of the medical literature about robotic surgery remains unclear despite wide-spread adoption. We sought to determine if payment from Intuitive Surgical Incorporated (ISI) affected quality of the research produced by surgeons. METHODS: Publicly available financial data from the CMS website regarding the top-20 earners from ISI for 2015 was gathered. Studies conducted by these surgeons were identified using PubMed. Inclusion criteria consisted of publications about the da Vinci(®) robot on patient outcomes...
August 26, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855982/peritoneal-metastases-of-rare-carcinomas-treated-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-a-single-center-case-series
#15
Andreas Brandl, Christina Barbara Zielinski, Wieland Raue, Johann Pratschke, Beate Rau
INTRODUCTION: In selected cases, cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an established treatment for patients suffering from peritoneal metastases from colorectal, ovarian, gastric or appendiceal origin. The effectiveness of this extensive has not been elucidated within other rare diseases by now. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients treated with CRS for peritoneal carcinomatosis during the period between July 2010 and September 2015...
October 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832487/committee-opinion-no-716-the-role-of-the-obstetrician-gynecologist-in-the-early-detection-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-in-women-at-average-risk
#16
(no author information available yet)
Ovarian cancer is the second most common type of female reproductive cancer, and more women die from ovarian cancer than from cervical cancer and uterine cancer combined. Currently, there is no strategy for early detection of ovarian cancer that reduces ovarian cancer mortality. Taking a detailed personal and family history for breast, gynecologic, and colon cancer facilitates categorizing women based on their risk (average risk or high risk) of developing epithelial ovarian cancer. Women with a strong family history of ovarian, breast, or colon cancer may have hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (BRCA mutation) or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome), and these women are at increased risk of developing ovarian cancer...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832478/committee-opinion-no-716-summary-the-role-of-the-obstetrician-gynecologist-in-the-early-detection-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-in-women-at-average-risk
#17
(no author information available yet)
Ovarian cancer is the second most common type of female reproductive cancer, and more women die from ovarian cancer than from cervical cancer and uterine cancer combined. Currently, there is no strategy for early detection of ovarian cancer that reduces ovarian cancer mortality. Taking a detailed personal and family history for breast, gynecologic, and colon cancer facilitates categorizing women based on their risk (average risk or high risk) of developing epithelial ovarian cancer. Women with a strong family history of ovarian, breast, or colon cancer may have hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (BRCA mutation) or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome), and these women are at increased risk of developing ovarian cancer...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809134/cancer-treatment-experiences-among-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-qualitative-investigation-of-triggers-and-reactions-to-cumulative-trauma
#18
Julie B Schnur, Matthew J Dillon, Rachel E Goldsmith, Guy H Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: Some 25% of women and 8% of men in the United States have experienced childhood sexual abuse (CSA) before the age of 18. For these individuals, healthcare visits and interactions can be retraumatizing due to perceived similarities to past abuse (e.g., pain, undressing, lack of control). However, no prior studies have provided formal qualitative analyses regarding CSA survivors' reactions to cancer treatment. Therefore, our study's objective was to identify key themes pertaining to CSA survivors' cancer treatment experiences...
August 15, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797517/gynecologic-anatomic-abnormalities-following-anorectal-malformations-repair
#19
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Carlos A Reck, Kate A McCracken, Victoria A Lane, Alessandra C Gasior, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt, Geri D Hewitt
BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients may present with gynecologic concerns after previous posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) for repair of an anorectal malformation (ARM). Common findings include an inadequate or shortened perineal body, as well as introital stenosis, retained vaginal septum, and remnant rectovestibular fistula. An inadequate or shortened perineal body may impact fecal continence, sexual function and recommendations regarding obstetrical mode of delivery. We describe our experience with female patients referred to our center for evaluation of their previously repaired ARM, with a specific focus on perineal body anatomy and concomitant gynecologic abnormalities...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795911/the-development-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-across-surgical-specialties
#20
James C Senturk, Gentian Kristo, Jason Gold, Ronald Bleday, Edward Whang
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) principles have gained traction in variety of surgical disciplines. The promise of a reduced length of stay without compromising patient safety or increasing readmission rates has produced a body of literature examining the implementation of ERAS in the care of general, thoracic, urologic, and gynecologic surgery patients. METHODS: We performed a review of the literature pertaining to studies of ERAS implementation across colorectal surgery, general surgery, thoracic surgery, urology, and gynecology...
September 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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