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Retromer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317525/retromer-and-vsr-recycling-a-red-herring
#1
David G Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282322/antagonistic-regulation-of-trafficking-to-caenorhabditis-elegans-sensory-cilia-by-a-retinal-degeneration-3-homolog-and-retromer
#2
Luis A Martínez-Velázquez, Niels Ringstad
Sensory neurons often possess cilia with elaborate membrane structures that are adapted to the sensory modality of the host cell. Mechanisms that target sensory transduction proteins to these specialized membrane domains remain poorly understood. Here, we show that a homolog of the human retinal dystrophy gene Retinal Degeneration 3 (RD3) is a Golgi-associated protein required for efficient trafficking of a sensory receptor, the receptor-type guanylate cyclase GCY-9, to cilia in chemosensory neurons of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans The trafficking defect caused by mutation of the nematode RD3 homolog is suppressed in vivo by mutation of key components of the retromer complex, which mediates recycling of cargo from endosomes to the Golgi...
December 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229824/molecular-mechanism-for-the-subversion-of-the-retromer-coat-by-the-legionella-effector-ridl
#3
Miguel Romano-Moreno, Adriana L Rojas, Chad D Williamson, David C Gershlick, María Lucas, Michail N Isupov, Juan S Bonifacino, Matthias P Machner, Aitor Hierro
Microbial pathogens employ sophisticated virulence strategies to cause infections in humans. The intracellular pathogen Legionella pneumophila encodes RidL to hijack the host scaffold protein VPS29, a component of retromer and retriever complexes critical for endosomal cargo recycling. Here, we determined the crystal structure of L. pneumophila RidL in complex with the human VPS29-VPS35 retromer subcomplex. A hairpin loop protruding from RidL inserts into a conserved pocket on VPS29 that is also used by cellular ligands, such as Tre-2/Bub2/Cdc16 domain family member 5 (TBC1D5) and VPS9-ankyrin repeat protein for VPS29 binding...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210454/the-functional-roles-of-retromer-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Yi Cui, Zhe Yang, Rohan D Teasdale
The endosomal system is critical for the maintenance of intracellular homeostasis, and defects in this system are often linked to neurological disorders. The retromer complex is a critical coordinator of endosomal dynamics and has functional roles in multiple cellular processes through sorting cargoes from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) or to the plasma membrane. Mammalian retromer comprises a core Vps26-Vps35-Vps29 trimer and associates with a range of proteins to generate endosomal tubular-vesicular carriers...
December 6, 2017: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203496/extended-linkers-improve-the-detection-of-ppis-by-dhfr-pca-in-living-cells
#5
Andree-Eve Chretien, Isabelle Gagnon-Arsenault, Alexandre K Dubé, Xavier Barbeau, Philippe C Després, Claudine Lamothe, Anne-Marie Dion-Coté, Patrick Lague, Christian Landry
Understanding the function of cellular systems requires describing how proteins assemble with each other into transient and stable complexes and to determine their spatial relationships. Among the tools available to perform these analyses on a large scale is the Protein-fragment Complementation Assay based on the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR PCA). Here we test how longer linkers between the fusion proteins and the reporter fragments affect the performance of this assay. We investigate the architecture of the RNA polymerases, the proteasome and the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complexes in living cells and performed large-scale screens with these extended linkers...
December 4, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161566/endosomal-trafficking-retromer-and-retriever-are%C3%A2-relatives-in-recycling
#6
David C Gershlick, María Lucas
Transmembrane proteins are sorted from endosomes to avoid lysosomal degradation. A recent study has identified a new multimeric complex called retriever that is essential for recycling numerous cell-surface cargoes from endosomes and is structurally and functionally related to the well-characterised retromer complex.
November 20, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158324/control-of-rab7-activity-and-localization-through-the-retromer-tbc1d5-complex-enables-rab7-dependent-mitophagy
#7
Ana Jimenez-Orgaz, Arunas Kvainickas, Heike Nägele, Justin Denner, Stefan Eimer, Jörn Dengjel, Florian Steinberg
Retromer is an endosomal multi-protein complex that organizes the endocytic recycling of a vast range of integral membrane proteins. Here, we establish an additional retromer function in controlling the activity and localization of the late endosomal small GTPase RAB7. Surprisingly, we found that RAB7 not only decorates late endosomes or lysosomes, but is also present on the endoplasmic reticulum, trans-Golgi network, and mitochondrial membranes, a localization that is maintained by retromer and the retromer-associated RAB7-specific GAP TBC1D5...
November 20, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146912/structural-insights-into-legionella-ridl-vps29-retromer-subunit-interaction-reveal-displacement-of-the-regulator-tbc1d5
#8
Kevin Bärlocher, Cedric A J Hutter, A Leoni Swart, Bernhard Steiner, Amanda Welin, Michael Hohl, François Letourneur, Markus A Seeger, Hubert Hilbi
Legionella pneumophila can cause Legionnaires' disease and replicates intracellularly in a distinct Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV). LCV formation is a complex process that involves a plethora of type IV-secreted effector proteins. The effector RidL binds the Vps29 retromer subunit, blocks retrograde vesicle trafficking, and promotes intracellular bacterial replication. Here, we reveal that the 29-kDa N-terminal domain of RidL (RidL2-281) adopts a "foot-like" fold comprising a protruding β-hairpin at its "heel"...
November 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142073/gga1-regulates-signal-dependent-sorting-of-bace1-to-recycling-endosomes-which-moderates-a%C3%AE-production
#9
Wei Hong Toh, Pei Zhi Cheryl Chia, Mohammed Iqbal Hossain, Paul A Gleeson
The diversion of the membrane-bound β-secretase BACE1 from the endo-lysosomal pathway to recycling endosomes represents an important transport step in the regulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) production. However, the mechanisms that regulate endosome sorting of BACE1 are poorly understood. Here we assessed the transport of BACE1 from early to recycling endosomes and have identified essential roles for the SNX4-mediated, signal independent pathway and for a novel signal-mediated pathway. The signal-mediated pathway is regulated by the phosphorylation of the acidic cluster-dileucine DISLL cytoplasmic tail motif of BACE1...
November 15, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135085/retromer-and-the-cimpr-time-for-a-trial-separation
#10
Matthew N J Seaman
The retromer cargo-selective complex (CSC) comprising Vps35, Vps29 and Vps26 mediates the endosome-to-Golgi retrieval of the cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CIMPR). Or does it? Recently published data has questioned the validity of this long established theory. Here the evidence for and against a role for the retromer CSC in CIMPR endosome-to-Golgi retrieval is examined in the light of the new data that the SNX-BAR dimer is actually responsible for CIMPR retrieval.
November 14, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122514/chlamydia-trachomatis-and-its-interaction-with-the-cellular-retromer
#11
REVIEW
Sebastian Banhart, Laura Rose, Lukas Aeberhard, Sophia Koch-Edelmann, Dagmar Heuer
Chlamydia trachomatis is an important human pathogen. This obligate intracellular bacterium grows inside the eukaryotic cell in a membrane-bound compartment, the inclusion. Recent global approaches describe the interactions of C. trachomatis with its host cell and indicate the inclusion is an intracellular trafficking hub embedded into the cellular vesicular trafficking pathways recruiting subunits of the retromer protein complex of the host cell. Here we review these recent developments in deciphering Chlamydia-host cell interactions with emphasis on the role of the retromer complex...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118110/cellular-functions-of-the-autism-risk-factor-ptchd1-in-mice
#12
David Tora, Andrea M Gomez, Jean-Francois Michaud, Patricia T Yam, Frédéric Charron, Peter Scheiffele
The gene PTCHD1 is mutated in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID) and has been hypothesized to contribute to Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling and synapse formation. We identify a panel of Ptchd1 interacting proteins that include postsynaptic density proteins and the retromer complex, revealing a link to critical regulators of dendritic and postsynaptic trafficking. Ptchd1 knock-out male mice exhibit cognitive alterations, including defects in a novel object recognition task...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117568/pten-regulates-glucose-transporter-recycling-by-impairing-snx27-retromer-assembly
#13
Swapnil Rohidas Shinde, Subbareddy Maddika
The tumor suppressor PTEN executes cellular functions predominantly through its phosphatase activity. Here we identified a phosphatase-independent role for PTEN during vesicular trafficking of the glucose transporter GLUT1. PTEN physically interacts with SNX27, a component of the retromer complex that recycles transmembrane receptors such as GLUT1 from endosomes to the plasma membrane. PTEN binding with SNX27 prevents GLUT1 accumulation at the plasma membrane because of defective recycling and thus reduces cellular glucose uptake...
November 7, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061884/the-retromer-sorting-nexins-and-the-plant-endomembrane-protein-trafficking
#14
REVIEW
Nicole Heucken, Rumen Ivanov
Protein sorting in the endomembrane system is responsible for the coordination of cellular functions. Plant intracellular trafficking has its own unique features, which include specific regulatory aspects of endosomal sorting and recycling of cargo proteins, mediated by the retromer complex. Recent work has led to significant progress in understanding the role of Arabidopsis retromer subunits in recycling vacuolar sorting receptors and plasma membrane proteins. As a consequence, members of the sorting nexin (SNX) protein family and their interaction partners have emerged as critical protein trafficking regulators, in particular with regard to adaptation to environmental change, such as temperature fluctuations and nutrient deficiency...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061649/retromer-revisited-evolving-roles-for-retromer-in-endosomal-sorting
#15
John P Chamberland, Brigitte Ritter
The highly conserved retromer complex has been linked to cargo retrieval from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network. In this issue, Kvainickas et al. (2017. J. Cell Biol. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201702137) and Simonetti et al. (2017. J. Cell Biol. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201703015) fundamentally question the current retromer model and demonstrate that in mammalian cells, the individual retromer subcomplexes have functionally diverged to organize multiple distinct sorting pathways.
November 6, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058661/the-cellular-endosomal-protein-stannin-inhibits-intracellular-trafficking-of-human-papillomavirus-during-virus-entry
#16
Alex Lipovsky, Asu Erden, Eriko Kanaya, Wei Zhang, Mac Crite, Clinton Bradfield, John MacMicking, Daniel DiMaio, John W Schoggins, Akiko Iwasaki
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the most common sexually transmitted viruses and one of the most important infectious causes of cancers worldwide. While prophylactic vaccines are effective against certain strains of HPV, established infections still cause deadly cancers in both men and women. HPV traffics to the nucleus via the retrograde transport pathway, but the mechanism of intracellular transport of non-enveloped viruses such as HPV is incompletely understood. Using an overexpression screen, we identify several genes that control HPV16 entry...
October 23, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031909/the-retromer-subunit-vps26-mediates-notch-signaling-during-drosophila-oogenesis
#17
Rebecca Starble, Nancy J Pokrywka
During endocytosis, molecules are internalized by the cell through the invagination of the plasma membrane. Endocytosis is required for proper cell function and for normal development in Drosophila. One component of the endocytic pathway is the retromer complex, which recycles transmembrane proteins to other parts of the cell such as the plasma membrane and the trans-Golgi network. Previous studies have shown that mutations to the retromer complex result in developmental defects in Drosophila. In humans, retromer dysfunction has been implicated in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, but little is known about the role of the retromer complex in Drosophila oogenesis...
October 11, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973312/impaired-axonal-retrograde-trafficking-of-the-retromer-complex-augments-lysosomal-deficits-in-alzheimer-s-disease-neurons
#18
Prasad Tammineni, Yu Young Jeong, Tuancheng Feng, Daniyal Aikal, Qian Cai
Lysosomal proteolysis is essential for the quality control of intracellular components and the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. Lysosomal alterations have been implicated as one of the main cellular defects contributing to the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanism underlying lysosomal deficits in AD remains poorly understood. Here, we reveal that lysosomal deficits are attributed to retromer dysfunction induced by altered retromer trafficking in the axon of AD-related mutant human amyloid precursor protein (hAPP) transgenic (Tg) mouse neurons...
November 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960203/retriever-fetches-integrins-from-endosomes
#19
Catherine Rabouille
Recycling from endosomes to the plasma membrane is an important step in cell homeostasis. The retromer/SNX27/WASH complex recycles numerous receptors, but key ones are still unaccounted for. Now a related conserved heterotrimer, called retriever, has been identified that, together with SNX17, the CCC complex and WASH, mediates the recycling of α5β1 integrins.
September 29, 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954865/retromer-stops-beta-arrestin-1-mediated-signaling-from-internalized-cannabinoid-2-receptors
#20
Carlos Nogueras-Ortiz, Cristina Roman-Vendrell, Gabriel E Mateo-Semidey, Yu-Hsien Liao, Debra A Kendall, Guillermo A Yudowski
G protein-coupled receptors mediate their complex functions through activation of signaling cascades from receptors localized at the cell surface and endosomal compartments. These signaling pathways are modulated by heterotrimeric G proteins and the scaffold proteins beta-arrestin 1 and 2. However, in contrast to the events occurring at the cell surface, our knowledge of the mechanisms controlling signaling from receptors localized at intracellular compartments is still very limited. Here we sought to investigate the intracellular signaling from cannabinoid 2 receptor (CB2R)...
November 15, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
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