Read by QxMD icon Read

partial control complex

Lorenza Brocca, Luana Toniolo, Carlo Reggiani, Roberto Bottinelli, Marco Sandri, Maria Antonietta Pellegrino
Muscle atrophy is a complex process that is in common with many different catabolic diseases including disuse/inactivity and ageing. The signalling pathways that control the atrophy program in the different disuse/inactivity conditions have not yet been completely dissected. It has been recently reported that inhibition of FoxO only partially spared muscle mass after denervation. The purposes of this study were: (i) to determine the involvement of FoxOs in hindlimb suspension disuse model, (ii) to define whether the molecular events of protein breakdown are shared among different unloaded muscles and finally (iii) to compare the data obtained in this model with another model of inactivity such as denervation...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Physiology
S Charntikov, A M Falco, K Fink, L P Dwoskin, R A Bevins
Nicotine is the primary addictive component of tobacco products and its complex stimulus effects are readily discriminated by human and non-human animals. Previous research with rodents directly investigating the nature of the nicotine stimulus has been limited to males. The current study began to address this significant gap in the literature by training female and male rats to discriminate 0.4 mg/kg nicotine from saline in the discriminated goal-tracking task. In this task, access to sucrose was intermittently available on nicotine session...
October 17, 2016: Neuropharmacology
Xianxiu Wan, Jian-Jun Wen, Sue-Jie Koo, Lisa Yi Liang, Nisha Jain Garg
Chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is presented by increased oxidative/inflammatory stress and decreased mitochondrial bioenergetics. SIRT1 senses the redox changes and integrates mitochondrial metabolism and inflammation; and SIRT1 deficiency may be a major determinant in CCM. To test this, C57BL/6 mice were infected with Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc), treated with SIRT1 agonists (resveratrol or SRT1720), and monitored during chronic phase (~150 days post-infection). Resveratrol treatment was partially beneficial in controlling the pathologic processes in Chagas disease...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Elizabeth S Barrie, Katherine Hartmann, Sung-Ha Lee, John T Frater, Michal Seweryn, Danxin Wang, Wolfgang Sadee
Functionally related genes often cluster into a genome region under coordinated regulation, forming a local regulome. To understand regulation of the CHRNA5/CHRNA3/CHRNB4 nicotinic receptor gene cluster, we integrate large-scale RNA expression data (brain and peripheral) from GTEx (Genotype Tissue Expression), clinical associations (GRASP) and linkage disequilibrium data (1,000 Genomes) to find candidate SNPs representing independent regulatory variants. CHRNA3, CHRNA5, CHRNB4 mRNAs, and a well-expressed CHRNA5 antisense RNA (RP11-650L12...
October 19, 2016: Human Mutation
Sofia A V Fortunato, Michel Vervoort, Marcin Adamski, Maja Adamska
BACKGROUND: Basic Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) genes encode a large family of eukaryotic transcription factors, categorized into six high-order groups: pan-eukaryotic group B involved in regulation of cell cycle, metabolism, and development; holozoan-specific groups C and F involved in development and maintenance of homeostasis; and metazoan-specific groups A, D and E including well-studied genes, such as Atonal, Twist and Hairy, with diverse developmental roles including control of morphogenesis and specification of neurons...
2016: EvoDevo
Anna Vavřínová, Michal Behuliak, Josef Zicha
OBJECTIVE: Catecholaminergic system plays an important role in blood pressure regulation and hypertension development. The available information concerning mRNA expression of catecholaminergic system genes in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) are often contradictory. This might be due to various reference genes used as internal controls. We therefore searched for suitable reference genes for gene expression profiling in adrenal medulla and sympathetic ganglia of SHR and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, which would enable reliable comparison of mRNA expression of genes of catecholaminergic system between these strains...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
MyungHee Ku, Yong-Un Baek, Min-Kyu Kwak, Sa-Ouk Kang
BACKGROUND: Glutathione reductase maintains the glutathione level in a reduced state. As previously demonstrated, glutathione is required for cell growth/division and its biosynthesizing-enzyme deficiency causes methylglyoxal accumulation. However, experimental evidences for reciprocal relationships between Cph1-/Efg1-mediated signaling pathway regulation and methylglyoxal production exerted by glutathione reductase on yeast morphology remain unclear. METHODS: Glutathione reductase (GLR1) disruption/overexpression were performed to investigate aspects of pathological/morphological alterations in Candida albicans...
October 15, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Federica Parodi, Roberta Carosio, Marco Ragusa, Cinzia Di Pietro, Marco Maugeri, Davide Barbagallo, Fabio Sallustio, Giorgio Allemanni, Maria Pia Pistillo, Ida Casciano, Alessandra Forlani, Francesco P Schena, Michele Purrello, Massimo Romani, Barbara Banelli
In neuroblastoma, the epigenetic landscape is more profoundly altered in aggressive compared to lower grade tumors and the concomitant hypermethylation of many genes, defined as "methylator phenotype", has been associated with poor outcome. DNA methylation can interfere with gene expression acting at distance through the methylation or demethylation of the regulatory regions of miRNAs. The multiplicity of miRNA targets may result in the simultaneous alteration of many biological pathways like cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and differentiation...
October 15, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Liangliang Xiang, Błażej Poźniak, Tian-Yin Cheng
Tick-borne diseases are a major epidemiological problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the bacterial composition of saliva obtained from engorged adult Rhipicephalus microplus females. Saliva samples collected from partially or fully engorged adult female ticks were analysed using an ultra-high-throughput Illumina HiSeq 2500 sequencing system. To elucidate the possible routes of bacterial transmission, the bacterial flora from whole ticks were also investigated. Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria were the predominant phyla in all samples, and Acinetobacter, Rickettsia, Escherichia and Coxiella were the major genera...
October 15, 2016: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Liliana Lefticariu, Stephen R Sutton, Kelly S Bender, Mihai Lefticariu, Martin Pentrak, Joseph W Stucki
Pollutants in acid mine drainage (AMD) are usually sequestered in neoformed nano- and micro-scale particles (nNP) through precipitation, co-precipitation, and sorption. Subsequent biogeochemical processes may control nNP stability and thus long-term contaminant immobilization. Mineralogical, chemical, and microbiological data collected from sediments accumulated over a six-year period in a coal-mine AMD treatment system were used to identify the pathways of contaminant dynamics. We present evidence that detrital nano- and micron-scale particles (dNP), composed mostly of clay minerals originating from the partial weathering of coal-mine waste, mediated biogeochemical processes that catalyzed AMD contaminant (1) immobilization by facilitating heterogeneous nucleation and growth of nNP in oxic zones, and (2) remobilization by promoting phase transformation and reductive dissolution of nNP in anoxic zones...
October 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
James A McCracken, Michael F Gonzales, Pramit M Phal, Katharine J Drummond
Angiocentric glioma (AG) is a low grade glioma, that was first described in 2002. Since this description, 83 patients with AG have been described, including ours. AG typically presents in childhood with medically refractory seizures that are cured with gross surgical resection. Whilst the natural history is that of a benign tumour, there have been reports of recurrence, transformation, and malignant features that suggest that AG is potentially malignant. We add to the literature a case of a 16-year-old girl who presented in May 2011 with a 3-month history of complex partial seizures, with MRI showing a T2-weighted hyperintense lesion in the left insula and inferior frontal lobe...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Marcelina Jasmine Silva, Andrea Rubinstein
Buprenorphine, a semisynthetic thebaine derivative, is a unique opioid, as it has activity at multiple receptors, including mu (partial agonist), kappa (antagonist), OLR-1 (agonist), and delta (antagonist). Because buprenorphine's pharmacology is relatively complex, misconceptions about its actions are common. Most other opioids act solely or predominately as full mu receptor agonists. Common practice at many institutions calls for the cessation of regular buprenorphine use 48-72 hours prior to surgery. This practice is based on three foundational theories that have come from scant data about the properties of buprenorphine: (1) that buprenorphine is only a partial mu agonist and therefore is not a potent analgesic; (2) because buprenorphine has a ceiling effect on respiratory depression, it also has a ceiling effect on analgesia; and (3) that buprenorphine acts as a "blockade" to the analgesic effects of other opiates when coadministered due to its strong binding affinity...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
Chandan K Mishra, A K Sood, Rajesh Ganapathy
The monomer surface mobility is the single most important parameter that decides the nucleation density and morphology of islands during thin-film growth. During template-assisted surface growth in particular, low surface mobilities can prevent monomers from reaching target sites and this results in a partial to complete loss of nucleation control. Whereas in atomic systems a broad range of surface mobilities can be readily accessed, for colloids, owing to their large size, this window is substantially narrow and therefore imposes severe restrictions in extending template-assisted growth techniques to steer their self-assembly...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Patricia Berenice Ramírez Rodríguez, Rodrigo Rosario Cruz, Delia Inés Domínguez García, Rodolfo Hernández Gutiérrez, Rodolfo Esteban Lagunes Quintanilla, Daniel Ortuño Sahagún, Celia González Castillo, Abel Gutiérrez Ortega, Sara Elisa Herrera Rodríguez, Adriana Vallejo Cardona, Moisés Martínez Velázquez
Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks are obligatory hematophagous ectoparasites of cattle and act as vectors for disease-causing microorganisms. Conventional tick control is based on the use of chemical acaricides; however, their uncontrolled use has increased tSresistant tick populations, as well as food and environmental contamination. Alternative immunological tick control has shown to be partially effective. The only anti-tick vaccine commercially available at present in the world is based on intestinal Bm86 protein, and shows a variable effectiveness depending on tick strains or geographic isolates...
October 8, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
Aurora Ibarra-Arce, Tania Albavera-Giles, Beatriz Zavaleta-Villa, Gabriela Ortiz de Zárate-Alarcón, Laura Flores-Peña, María Del Carmen Sierra-Romero, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Angélica Olivo-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: Non-syndromic cleft lip/palate malformation (CL/P) is one of the most common birth defects in humans and has a complex etiology involving genetic and environmental factors. Mutations in the MSX1 gene are critical during craniofacial development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of MSX1 gene polymorphisms to the risk of developing CL/P in a sample of Mexican patients. METHODS: The sample consisted of 282 subjects (69 cases and 213 relatives)...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Martin R Goodier, Chiara Lusa, Sam Sherratt, Ana Rodriguez-Galan, Ron Behrens, Eleanor M Riley
Cross-linking of FcγRIII (CD16) by immune complexes induces antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) by natural killer (NK) cells, contributing to control of intracellular pathogens; this pathway can also be targeted for immunotherapy of cancerous or otherwise diseased cells. However, downregulation of CD16 expression on activated NK cells may limit or regulate this response. Here, we report sustained downregulation of CD16 expression on NK cells in vivo after intramuscular (but not intranasal) influenza vaccination...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Ahmed T Kurdi, Ribal Bassil, Marta Olah, Chuan Wu, Sheng Xiao, Mariko Taga, Michael Frangieh, Thomas Buttrick, William Orent, Elizabeth M Bradshaw, Samia J Khoury, Wassim Elyaman
RORγt is a master transcription factor of Th17 cells and considered as a promising drug target for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Here, we show the guanine nucleotide exchange factor, Tiam1, and its cognate Rho-family G protein, Rac1, regulate interleukin (IL)17A transcription and autoimmunity. Whereas Tiam1 genetic deficiency weakens IL-17A expression partially and inhibits the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), deletion of Rac1 in T cells exhibits more robust effects on Th17 cells and EAE...
October 11, 2016: Nature Communications
M W Adamson, A Y Morozov, O A Kuzenkov
Mathematical models in biology are highly simplified representations of a complex underlying reality and there is always a high degree of uncertainty with regards to model function specification. This uncertainty becomes critical for models in which the use of different functions fitting the same dataset can yield substantially different predictions-a property known as structural sensitivity. Thus, even if the model is purely deterministic, then the uncertainty in the model functions carries through into uncertainty in model predictions, and new frameworks are required to tackle this fundamental problem...
September 2016: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Shiho Sairenji, Shigehisa Akine, Tatsuya Nabeshima
Lanthanide contraction was used for helicity fine-tuning and helix winding control of single-helical tetranuclear complexes LZn3Ln (Ln = La-Lu); heavier lanthanides formed a tighter helix with a higher M/P ratio and gave a more abundant partially-coiled structure, resulting in 14-step structural control of the helical complexes.
September 27, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Mario Rodríguez, Saioa Márquez, Juan Vladimir de la Rosa, Sara Alonso, Antonio Castrillo, Mariano Sánchez Crespo, Nieves Fernández
CREB and STAT3 may control inflammation by several mechanisms, one of the best characterized is the induction of the expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. STAT3 also down-regulates the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by ITAM-coupled receptors, a mechanism termed cross-inhibition. Because signaling via ITAM-dependent mechanisms is a hallmark of fungal pattern receptors, STAT3 activation might be involved in the cross-inhibition associated with invasive fungal infections. The fungal surrogate zymosan produced the phosphorylation of Y705-STAT3 and the expression of Ifnb1 and Socs3, but did not induce the IFN-signature cytokines Cxcl9 and Cxcl10 in BM-derived dendritic cells...
October 6, 2016: Immunology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"