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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915302/prevalence-of-gingivitis-in-a-group-of-35-to-70-year-olds-residing-in-puerto-rico
#1
Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Angeliz Encarnación, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Beatriz C Berríos-Ouslán, Bayardo García-Godoy, Margarita Murillo, Jomar Diaz-Nicolas, Ferdinand Lugo, Milagros J Toro
OBJECTIVE: Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gingival tissues, typically progresses to periodontitis. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of gingivitis in 35- to 70-year-olds residing in San Juan, Puerto Rico, and assess the differences in gingivitis distribution between age and gender groups. METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted with a sample of patients from a private practice and patients/employees of the Puerto Rico Medical Center...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915276/relationship-between-rectus-abdominis-muscle-thickness-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-middle-aged-men
#2
Eun Sil Choi, Soo Hyun Cho, Jung-Ha Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Skeletal muscle has been suggested as an important factor in the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome. During the aging process, muscle mass is lost in specific body parts. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between site-specific muscle loss assessed using computed tomography (CT) and metabolic syndrome. This study was conducted to investigate the association between metabolic syndrome and rectus abdominis muscle thickness at the umbilicus level (RAM), which reflects site-specific muscle loss of the abdomen using CT image...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906529/the-effect-of-iloprost-and-sildenafil-alone-and-in-combination-on-myocardial-ischaemia-and-nitric-oxide-and-irisin-levels
#3
Suna Aydin, Tuncay Kuloglu, Suleyman Aydin, Meltem Yardim, Davut Azboy, Zeki Temizturk, Ali Kemal Kalkan, Mehmet Nesimi Eren
AIM: Insufficient oxygen supply to organs and tissues due to reduced arterial or venous blood flow results in ischaemia, during which, although ATP production stops, AMP and adenosine continue to be produced from ATP. The fate of irisin, which causes the production of heat instead of ATP during ischaemia, is unknown. Iloprost and sildenafil are two pharmaceutical agents that mediate the resumption of reperfusion (blood supply) via vasodilatation during ischaemic conditions. Our study aimed to explore the effects of iloprost and sildenafil on irisin levels in the heart, liver and kidney tissues and whether these pharmaceutical agents had any impact on serum irisin and nitric oxide levels in rats with induced experimental myocardial ischaemia...
August 31, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906359/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-framingham-cardiovascular-risk-score-and-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-koreans
#4
Eui Im, Gwang-Sil Kim
Studies have shown sleep duration to be related to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and hypertension. However, whether sleep duration is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and the prevalence of CVD irrespective of conventional CV-risk factor, such as diabetes mellitus, obesity, and metabolic syndrome, has not been well established for the Korean population.A total of 23,878 individuals aged 18 years or older from the 2007-2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905361/association-between-oral-health-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-among-children
#5
Ying Zhou, Shan Jiang, Kar Yan Li, Edward Chin Man Lo, Xiaoli Gao
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a potential reservoir for respiratory pathogens. This longitudinal study investigated the association between upper respiratory tract infection (URI) and oral health among children. METHODS: A total of 288 children aged 4 years were recruited. Their dental caries and oral hygiene status were clinically determined, using the dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index and the Silness-Löe plaque index. Questionnaires were completed by parents to collect information on the child's socio-demographic background and URI episodes and symptoms in the following 12 months...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905225/the-feasibility-and-short-term-clinical-outcomes-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-for-patients-with-complex-crohn-s-disease
#6
Kiyoshi Maeda, Hisashi Nagahara, Masatsune Shibutani, Tatsunari Fukuoka, Shigetomi Nakao, Hirokazu Yamagami, Noriko Kamata, Kazuya Muguruma, Hiroaki Tanaka, Takahiro Toyokawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
PURPOSE: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) offers excellent cosmetic results compared with conventional multi-port laparoscopic surgery. Recently, this technique has been applied to Crohn's disease (CD) with primary ileocolic strictures; however, the application of a laparoscopic approach for complex CD, which involves abscess formation, fistula formation, and recurrent CD, is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and feasibility of SILS for patients with complex disease and to compare its clinical results in patients with complex disease vs...
September 13, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901504/soluble-interleukin%C3%A2-2-receptor-as-a-factor-associated-with-angiogenesis-in-gastric-cancer
#7
Wen-Feng Yan, Chang-Fu Nie, Gang Wu, Jian-Cheng Zhang, Yuan-Zeng Zhu, Wei Zhang, Pei-Chun Sun
Angiogenesis serves a role in the growth, metastasis and prognosis of tumors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the angiogenic ability and clinical significance of the immune biomarker soluble interleukin‑2 receptor (sIL‑2R) in gastric cancer (GC) patients. Serum levels of sIL‑2R were measured in 35 GC patients with different stages of disease and 32 healthy individuals, and it was investigated whether the levels were associated with angiogenesis factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β1...
September 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898797/scarless-surgery-for-a-huge-liver-cyst-a-case-report
#8
Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Jun Kawachi, Naoko Isogai, Masanori Ishii, Katsunori Miyake, Rai Shimoyama, Ryota Fukai, Hidemitsu Ogino
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic or complicated liver cysts sometimes require surgical intervention and laparoscopic fenestration is the definitive treatment for these cysts. We performed minimally invasive surgery, hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) without scarring, for a huge liver cyst. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 82-year-old female presented with a month-long history of right upper abdominal pain. We diagnosed her condition as a huge liver cyst by morphological studies...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898043/orthogonally-functionalized-donor-acceptor-homo-and-heterodimeric-dyes-for-dye-sensitized-solar-cells-an-approach-to-introduce-panchromaticity-and-control-the-charge-recombination
#9
Manik Chandra Sil, Vediappan Sudhakar, Munavvar Fairoos Mele Kavungathodi, Vellimalai Punitharasu, Jayaraj Nithyanandhan
Organic dyes possessing conjugated π-framework forms closely packed monolayers on photoanode in dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), because of the limitation to control the orientation and the extend of intermolecular π-π interaction, self-aggregation of dyes leads to reduced cell performance. In this report, a series of homodimeric (D1-D1 and D2-D2) and heterodimeric (D1-D2 and D2-D4) donor/acceptor (D/A) dyes containing spiroBiProDOT π-spacer were designed and synthesized by utilizing Pd-catalyzed direct arylation reaction and correlates the device performance with monomeric dyes (D1 and D2)...
September 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895290/design-of-a-novel-two-component-hybrid-dermal-scaffold-for-the-treatment-of-pressure-sores
#10
Vaibhav Sharma, Nupur Kohli, Dale Moulding, Halimat Afolabi, Lilian Hook, Chris Mason, Elena García-Gareta
The aim of this study is to design a novel two-component hybrid scaffold using the fibrin/alginate porous hydrogel Smart Matrix combined to a backing layer of plasma polymerized polydimethylsiloxane (Sil) membrane to make the fibrin-based dermal scaffold more robust for the treatment of the clinically challenging pressure sores. A design criteria are established, according to which the Sil membranes are punched to avoid collection of fluid underneath. Manual peel test shows that native silicone does not attach to the fibrin/alginate component while the plasma polymerized silicone membranes are firmly bound to fibrin/alginate...
September 12, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893383/adaptive-fractional-order-total-variation-image-restoration-with-split-bregman-iteration
#11
Dazi Li, Xiangyi Tian, Qibing Jin, Kotaro Hirasawa
Alleviating the staircase artifacts for variation method and adjusting the regularization parameters adaptively with the characteristics of different regions are two main issues in image restoration regularization process. An adaptive fractional-order total variation l1 regularization (AFOTV-l1) model is proposed, which is resolved by using split Bregman iteration algorithm (SBI) for image estimation. An improved fractional-order differential kernel mask (IFODKM) with an extended degree of freedom (DOF) is proposed, which can preserve more image details and effectively avoid the staircase artifact...
September 8, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893038/new-vision-for-improving-the-oral-health-education-of-visually-impaired-children-a-non-randomized-control-trial
#12
Arpan Debnath, B K Srivastava, Punith Shetty, Shruthi Eshwar
INTRODUCTION: Visually impaired people have poorer oral hygiene when compared to others. Therefore, there is a necessity for individual training by making awareness in oral care and plaque control so as to improve their oral hygiene. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of oral health innovative educative method among visually impaired children of Bengaluru city of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A non-randomized control trial was conducted among 40 visually impaired individuals attending special school for blind...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889195/effect-of-si-rich-substances-on-phosphorous-adsorption-by-sandy-soils
#13
Vladimir V Matichenkov, Elena A Bocharnikova, Ekaterina P Pakhnenko, Dmitry M Khomiakov
The poor adsorption capacity of sandy soils is one of the primary reasons of a high level of phosphorus (P) leaching. Silicon (Si)-rich soil amendments have the potential to improve the low absorption capacity of sandy soils for P. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of different Si-rich materials to regulate P adsorption and retention by sandy soils. Amorphous fine silica (FSS), calcium silicate (CaSiO3), chemically pure CaCO3, and two types of Ca-silicate slags from metal industry (Pro-Sil) and chemical industry (TS) were used in laboratory experiments being conducted with pure quartz sand and cultivated and virgin Entisols and Spodosols collected in the South Florida...
September 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887692/molecular-and-biochemical-evidence-on-the-protective-role-of-ellagic-acid-and-silybin-against-oxidative-stress-induced-cellular-aging
#14
Maryam Baeeri, Solmaz Mohammadi-Nejad, Mahban Rahimifard, Mona Navaei-Nigjeh, Shermineh Moeini-Nodeh, Reza Khorasani, Mohammad Abdollahi
Aging is a natural process in living organisms that is defined by some molecular and cellular changes with time. Various causes such as mitochondrial DNA aberrations, aggregation of proteins, telomere shortening, and oxidative stress have an influential role in aging of the cells. Natural antioxidants are compounds that are potent to protect the body from detrimental effects of molecules such as free radicals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-aging properties of ellagic acid (EA) and silybin (SIL), as natural antioxidant compounds on rat embryonic fibroblast (REF) cells...
September 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883848/interleukin-6-signaling-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-treated-with-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#15
Katarzyna Ptaszynska-Kopczynska, Anna Szpakowicz, Marta Marcinkiewicz-Siemion, Anna Lisowska, Ewa Waszkiewicz, Marcin Witkowski, Piotr Jakim, Bogdan Galar, Wlodzimierz J Musial, Karol A Kamiński
INTRODUCTION: Increased expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been described in left ventricular dysfunction in the course of chronic heart failure. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a unique treatment method that may reverse the course of chronic heart failure (CHF) with reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF). We aimed to evaluate the IL-6 system, including soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) and soluble glycoprotein 130 (sgp130), in HF-REF patients, with particular emphasis on CRT effects...
August 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881473/the-classic-signalling-and-trans-signalling-of-interleukin-6-are-both-injurious-in-podocyte-under-high-glucose-exposure
#16
Chun-Tao Lei, Hua Su, Chen Ye, Hui Tang, Pan Gao, Cheng Wan, Fang-Fang He, Yu-Mei Wang, Chun Zhang
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that employs IL-6 classic and trans-signalling pathways, and these two signal channels execute different or even opposite effects in certain diseases. As a cardinal event of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), whether the podocyte abnormalities are associated with IL-6 signalling, especially classic or trans-signalling respectively, remains unclear. In this study, we identified that the circulatory IL-6, soluble IL-6R (sIL-6R) and soluble glycoprotein 130 (sgp130) levels are elevated in patients with DKD...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877636/is-the-newest-vital-sign-a-useful-measure-of-health-literacy-in-hiv-disease
#17
Victoria M Kordovski, Steven Paul Woods, Gunes Avci, Marizela Verduzco, Erin E Morgan
BACKGROUND: Limited health literacy is common among persons infected with HIV and has been linked to poor mental and physical health outcomes, but there are no well-validated screening measures of health literacy in this vulnerable clinical population. The present study evaluates the usefulness of the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) as a brief measure of health literacy in HIV disease. METHODS: Seventy-eight HIV+ adults were administered the NVS, Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), and Single Item Literacy Screener (SILS)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877577/a-case-of-pentastomiasis-at-the-left-maxilla-bone-in-a-patient-with-thyroid-cancer
#18
Eunae Sandra Cho, Seung Wook Jung, Hwi-Dong Jung, In Yong Lee, Tai-Soon Yong, Su Jin Jeong, Hyun Sil Kim
Pentastomiasis, a zoonotic parasite infection, is typically found in the respiratory tract and viscera of the host, including humans. Here, we report for the first time an extremely rare case of intraosseous pentastomiasis in the human maxilla suffering from medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). A 55-year-old male had continuously visited the hospital for MRONJ which had primarily developed after bisphosphonate and anti-neoplastic administration for previous bone metastasis of medullary thyroid cancer...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877143/stigma-and-pain-in-adolescents-hospitalized-for-sickle-cell-vaso-occlusive-pain-episodes
#19
Sarah R Martin, Lindsey L Cohen, Ifigenia Mougianis, Anya Griffin, Soumitri Sil, Carlton Dampier
OBJECTIVES: Sickle cell disease (SCD) pain and hospitalizations increase during adolescence and adolescents with SCD may be at-risk for experiencing health-related stigma, which may result in poor health outcomes. This study examined relations among health-related stigma, pain interference, social support, quality of life (QOL), and hospital outcomes (i.e., loneliness, pain reduction, and length of stay [LOS]) in adolescents hospitalized with SCD pain. METHODS: 12- to 18-year-old adolescents (N=92) hospitalized with SCD pain completed measures of stigma, pain interference, social support, QOL, and state loneliness...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875620/mers-cov-infection-in-a-pregnant-woman-in-korea
#20
Soo Young Jeong, Se In Sung, Ji Hee Sung, So Yoon Ahn, Eun Suk Kang, Yun Sil Chang, Won Soon Park, Jong Hwa Kim
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a lethal respiratory disease - caused by MERS-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) which was first identified in 2012. Especially, pregnant women can be expected as highly vulnerable candidates for this viral infection. In May 2015, this virus was spread in Korea and a pregnant woman was confirmed with positive result of MERS-CoV polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Her condition was improved only with conservative treatment. After a full recovery of MERS, the patient manifested abrupt vaginal bleeding with rupture of membrane...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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