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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454185/preterm-infants-undergoing-laparotomy-for-necrotizing-enterocolitis-or-spontaneous-intestinal-perforation-display-evidence-of-impaired-cerebrovascular-autoregulation
#1
Sara J Kuik, Michelle E van der Laan, Margot T Brouwer-Bergsma, Jan B F Hulscher, Anthony R Absalom, Arend F Bos, Elisabeth M W Kooi
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants requiring surgery are at risk of impaired neurocognitive development caused, possibly, by cerebral ischemia associated with impaired cerebrovascular autoregulation (CAR). We evaluated CAR before, during, and after laparotomy. STUDY DESIGN: This was a hypothesis generating prospective observational cohort study. SUBJECTS: We included preterm infants requiring surgery for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP)...
February 14, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450544/hla-class-i-antigen-expression-in-conjunctival-melanoma-is-not-associated-with-pd-l1-pd-1-status
#2
Jinfeng Cao, Niels J Brouwer, Ekaterina S Jordanova, Marina Marinkovic, Sjoerd G van Duinen, Nadine E de Waard, Bruce R Ksander, Arend Mulder, Frans H J Claas, Mirjam H M Heemskerk, Martine J Jager
Purpose: Antitumor T cells need expression of HLA class I molecules but can be inhibited by ligands such as programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1). We determined expression and regulation of these molecules in human conjunctival melanoma (CM) samples, cell lines, and murine xenografts. Methods: Immunofluorescence staining was performed to examine the expression of HLA-A, HLA-B/C, and β-2-microglobulin (B2M) in 23 primary CM samples. HLA class I expression was compared with clinicopathologic characteristics, the presence of tumor-infiltrating leukocytes, and PD-L1/PD-1 status...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444331/validation-of-the-acr-eular-criteria-for-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-a-dutch-prospective-diagnostic-cohort
#3
Jolien F van Nimwegen, Martha S van Ginkel, Suzanne Arends, Erlin A Haacke, Bert van der Vegt, Nicole Sillevis Smitt-Kamminga, Fred K L Spijkervet, Frans G M Kroese, Alja J Stel, Elisabeth Brouwer, Arjan Vissink, Hendrika Bootsma
Objectives: To validate the ACR-EULAR classification criteria for primary SS (pSS), and compare them to the American-European Consensus Group (AECG) and ACR criteria in a Dutch prospective diagnostic cohort. Methods: Consecutive patients (n = 129) referred for suspicion of pSS underwent a multidisciplinary evaluation, including a labial and/or parotid gland biopsy. Patients with an incomplete work-up (n = 8) or associated systemic auto-immune disease (n = 7) were excluded...
February 12, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439304/quality-focus-small-providers-benefit-in-quality-payment-program-year-two
#4
Holly Arends
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439269/the-predictive-value-of-amplitude-integrated-electroencephalography-in-preterm-infants-for-iq-and-other-neuropsychological-outcomes-at-early-school-age
#5
Richelle G Middel, Nicolien Brandenbarg, Koenraad N J A Van Braeckel, Arend F Bos, Hendrik J Ter Horst
BACKGROUND: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is used increasingly in neonatal intensive care and seems helpful in predicting outcomes at the age of 2 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether early aEEG patterns in preterm infants are equally useful in predicting outcomes at early school age. METHODS: We recorded aEEG in 41 preterms (gestational age 26.0-32.9 weeks) at a median postnatal age of 9.7 h (IQR 7.0-25.3) and in 43 preterms on median day 8 (IQR 7-9)...
February 13, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437868/agalsidase-alfa-versus-agalsidase-beta-for-the-treatment-of-fabry-disease-an-international-cohort-study
#6
Maarten Arends, Marieke Biegstraaten, Christoph Wanner, Sandra Sirrs, Atul Mehta, Perry M Elliott, Daniel Oder, Oliver T Watkinson, Daniel G Bichet, Aneal Khan, Mark Iwanochko, Frédéric M Vaz, André B P van Kuilenburg, Michael L West, Derralynn A Hughes, Carla E M Hollak
BACKGROUND: Two recombinant enzymes (agalsidase alfa 0.2 mg/kg/every other week and agalsidase beta 1.0 mg/kg/every other week) have been registered for the treatment of Fabry disease (FD), at equal high costs. An independent international initiative compared clinical and biochemical outcomes of the two enzymes. METHODS: In this multicentre retrospective cohort study, clinical event rate, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), antibody formation and globotriaosylsphingosine (lysoGb3) levels were compared between patients with FD treated with agalsidase alfa and beta at their registered dose after correction for phenotype and sex...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433776/enhancement-of-antioxidant-activity-and-physicochemical-properties-of-yogurt-enriched-with-concentrated-strawberry-pulp-obtained-by-block-freeze-concentration
#7
Henrique Jaster, Giordana Demaman Arend, Katia Rezzadori, Vitor Clasen Chaves, Flávio Henrique Reginatto, José Carlos Cunha Petrus
Strawberry juice was concentrated using block freeze concentration process. The concentrate was used to produce two yogurts with different concentrations of cryoconcentrated strawberry pulp (15% and 30%). Total lactic acid bacteria count, physicochemical and rheological properties was evaluated during storage (7days) for all yogurts. Also, the beverages produced were compared with two commercial trademarks. It was observed that the total lactic acid bacteria count remained higher than 108CFU·mL-1 during the storage time for all beverages studied...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395674/specific-muscle-strength-is-reduced-in-facioscapulohumeral-dystrophy-an-mri-based-musculoskeletal-analysis
#8
Marco A Marra, Linda Heskamp, Karlien Mul, Saskia Lassche, Baziel G M van Engelen, Arend Heerschap, Nico Verdonschot
The aim was to test whether strength per unit of muscle area (specific muscle strength) is affected in facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD) patients, as compared to healthy controls. Ten patients and ten healthy volunteers underwent an MRI examination and maximum voluntary isometric contraction measurements (MVICs) of the quadriceps muscles. Contractile muscle volume, as obtained from the MR images, was combined with the MVICs to calculate the physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) and muscle strength using a musculoskeletal model...
December 12, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395613/towards-a-comprehensive-routine-outcome-monitoring-program-for-people-with-psychotic-disorders-the-pharmacotherapy-monitoring-and-outcome-survey-phamous
#9
Agna A Bartels-Velthuis, Ellen Visser, Johan Arends, Gerdina H M Pijnenborg, Lex Wunderink, Frederike Jörg, Wim Veling, Edith J Liemburg, Stynke Castelein, Henderikus Knegtering, Richard Bruggeman
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychotic disorders are at risk of developing mental health and social problems, and physical disorders. To monitor and treat these problems when indicated, an annual routine outcome monitoring program, Pharmacotherapy Monitoring and Outcome Survey (PHAMOUS), was developed. This paper presents the background and content of PHAMOUS, implementation of PHAMOUS, characteristics of the patients screened in 2015, and the outcome of patients with three annual screenings between 2011 and 2015...
January 26, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388463/endogenous-markers-for-kidney-function-in-children-a-review
#10
Emil den Bakker, Reinoud J B J Gemke, Arend Bökenkamp
Although glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in children can be measured using a gold-standard technique following injection of an exogenous marker, this invasive and cumbersome technique is not widely available and GFR is commonly estimated using serum levels of endogenous markers. Creatinine, urea, cystatin C, beta-trace protein, and beta-2 microglobulin are well-established endogenous markers of kidney function. These markers differ in site of production and effects of diet and medication, as well as renal-tubular handling and extra-renal elimination...
February 1, 2018: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386912/safety-and-efficacy-of-subcutaneous-tanezumab-in-patients-with-knee-or-hip-osteoarthritis
#11
Charles Birbara, Eugene J Dabezies, Aimee M Burr, Robert J Fountaine, Michael D Smith, Mark T Brown, Christine R West, Rosalin H Arends, Kenneth M Verburg
Background/objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of subcutaneous (SC) and intravenous (IV) tanezumab administration in osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Materials and methods: Study 1027 (NCT01089725), a placebo-controlled trial, evaluated the efficacy of SC tanezumab (ie, 2.5, 5, and 10 mg) and the therapeutic equivalence of 10 mg tanezumab given subcutaneously versus intravenously every 8 weeks in the symptomatic treatment of OA...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374400/three-dimensional-echocardiography-for-the-assessment-of-left-ventricular-geometry-and-papillary-muscle-morphology-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#12
Mustafa Erden, Hannah G van Velzen, Myrthe E Menting, Annemien E van den Bosch, Ben Ren, Michelle Michels, Wim B Vletter, Ron T van Domburg, Arend F L Schinkel
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) is characterized by left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and associated with papillary muscle (PM) abnormalities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) for the geometric assessment of LV hypertrophy and PM morphology. METHODS: The study included 24 patients with an established diagnosis of HC and 31 healthy controls. 3DE was performed using an iE33 or EPIQ 7C ultrasound system with an X5-1 transducer...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373498/defining-multidrug-resistance-of-gram-negative-bacteria-in-the-dutch-german-border-region-impact-of-national-guidelines
#13
Robin Köck, Philipp Siemer, Jutta Esser, Stefanie Kampmeier, Matthijs S Berends, Corinna Glasner, Jan P Arends, Karsten Becker, Alexander W Friedrich
Preventing the spread of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDRGNB) is a public health priority. However, the definition of MDRGNB applied for planning infection prevention measures such as barrier precautions differs depending on national guidelines. This is particularly relevant in the Dutch-German border region, where patients are transferred between healthcare facilities located in the two different countries, because clinicians and infection control personnel must understand antibiograms indicating MDRGNB from both sides of the border and using both national guidelines...
January 26, 2018: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366496/normal-values-of-the-ventricular-gradient-and-qrs-t-angle-derived-from-the-pediatric-electrocardiogram
#14
Vivian P Kamphuis, Nico A Blom, Erik W van Zwet, Sumche Man, Arend D J Ten Harkel, Arie C Maan, Cees A Swenne
BACKGROUND: Normal values of the mathematically-synthesized vectorcardiogram (VCG) are lacking for children. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess normal values of the pediatric synthesized VCG (spatial QRS-T angle [SA] and ventricular gradient [VG]). METHODS: Electrocardiograms (ECGs) of 1263 subjects (0-24 years) with a normal heart were retrospectively selected. VCGs were synthesized by the Kors matrix. Normal values (presented as 2nd and 98th percentiles) were assessed by quantile regression with smoothing by splines...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356281/episode-forecasting-in-bipolar-disorder-is-energy-better-than-mood
#15
Abigail Ortiz, Kamil Bradler, Arend Hintze
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder is a severe mood disorder characterized by alternating episodes of mania and depression. Several interventions have been developed to decrease high admission rates and high suicides rates associated with the illness, including psychoeducation and early episode detection, with mixed results. More recently, machine learning approaches have been used to aid clinical diagnosis or to detect a particular clinical state; however, contradictory results arise from confusion around which of the several automatically generated data are the most contributory and useful to detect a particular clinical state...
January 22, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350438/astrocytic-glutamine-synthetase-is-expressed-in-the-neuronal-somatic-layers-and-down-regulated-proportionally-to-neuronal-loss-in-the-human-epileptic-hippocampus
#16
Ismini E Papageorgiou, Nektarios A Valous, Bernd Lahrmann, Hana Janova, Zin-Juan Klaft, Arend Koch, Ulf C Schneider, Peter Vajkoczy, Frank L Heppner, Niels Grabe, Niels Halama, Uwe Heinemann, Oliver Kann
Human mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) features subregion-specific hippocampal neurodegeneration and reactive astrogliosis, including up-regulation of the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and down-regulation of glutamine synthetase (GS). However, the regional astrocytic expression pattern of GFAP and GS upon MTLE-associated neurodegeneration still remains elusive. We assessed GFAP and GS expression in strict correlation with the local neuronal number in cortical and hippocampal surgical specimens from 16 MTLE patients using immunohistochemistry, stereology and high-resolution image analysis for digital pathology and whole-slide imaging...
January 19, 2018: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346559/predicting-plant-biomass-accumulation-from-image-derived-parameters
#17
Dijun Chen, Rongli Shi, Jean-Michel Pape, Kerstin Neumann, Daniel Arend, Andreas Graner, Ming Chen, Christian Klukas
Background: Image-based high-throughput phenotyping technologies have been rapidly developed in plant science recently and they provide a great potential to gain more valuable information than traditionally destructive methods. Predicting plant biomass is regarded as a key purpose for plant breeders and ecologist. However, it is a great challenge to find a predictive biomass model across experiments. Results: In the present study, we constructed four predictive models to examine the quantitative relationship between image-based features and plant biomass accumulation...
January 16, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343581/the-5-untranslated-region-of-the-major-immediate-early-mrna-is-necessary-for-efficient-human-cytomegalovirus-replication
#18
Kyle C Arend, Erik M Lenarcic, Nathaniel J Moorman
The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) IE1 and IE2 proteins are critical regulators of virus replication. Both proteins are needed to efficiently establish lytic infection, and nascent expression of IE1 and IE2 is critical for reactivation from latency. The regulation of IE1 and IE2 protein expression is thus a central event in the outcome of HCMV infection. Transcription of the primary transcript encoding both IE1 and IE2 is well studied, but relatively little is known about the post-transcriptional mechanisms that control IE1 and IE2 protein synthesis...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342393/hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-in-ovarian-cancer
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Willemien J van Driel, Simone N Koole, Karolina Sikorska, Jules H Schagen van Leeuwen, Henk W R Schreuder, Ralph H M Hermans, Ignace H J T de Hingh, Jacobus van der Velden, Henriëtte J Arts, Leon F A G Massuger, Arend G J Aalbers, Victor J Verwaal, Jacobien M Kieffer, Koen K Van de Vijver, Harm van Tinteren, Neil K Aaronson, Gabe S Sonke
BACKGROUND: Treatment of newly diagnosed advanced-stage ovarian cancer typically involves cytoreductive surgery and systemic chemotherapy. We conducted a trial to investigate whether the addition of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) to interval cytoreductive surgery would improve outcomes among patients who were receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy for stage III epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: In a multicenter, open-label, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned 245 patients who had at least stable disease after three cycles of carboplatin (area under the curve of 5 to 6 mg per milliliter per minute) and paclitaxel (175 mg per square meter of body-surface area) to undergo interval cytoreductive surgery either with or without administration of HIPEC with cisplatin (100 mg per square meter)...
January 18, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341209/identification-of-gaps-in-the-current-knowledge-on-pulmonary-hypertension-in-extremely-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Sanne Arjaans, Elvira A H Zwart, Mark-Jan Ploegstra, Arend F Bos, Elisabeth M W Kooi, Hans L Hillege, Rolf M F Berger
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension complicates the clinical course of extremely preterm infants and is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of pulmonary hypertension in these infants are insufficiently known. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to provide an up-to-date overview of available data on prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of pulmonary hypertension and to identify current knowledge gaps. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched in July 2017...
January 17, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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