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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923445/daily-exercise-prevents-diastolic-dysfunction-and-oxidative-stress-in-a-female-mouse-model-of-western-diet-induced-obesity-by-maintaining-cardiac-heme-oxygenase-1-levels
#1
Brian Bostick, Annayya R Aroor, Javad Habibi, William Durante, Lixin Ma, Vincent G DeMarco, Mona Garro, Melvin R Hayden, Frank W Booth, James R Sowers
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a global epidemic with profound cardiovascular disease (CVD) complications. Obese women are particularly vulnerable to CVD, suffering higher rates of CVD compared to non-obese females. Diastolic dysfunction is the earliest manifestation of CVD in obese women but remains poorly understood with no evidence-based therapies. We have shown early diastolic dysfunction in obesity is associated with oxidative stress and myocardial fibrosis. Recent evidence suggests exercise may increase levels of the antioxidant heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)...
January 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923239/-motivational-and-volitional-determinants-of-applying-for-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-findings-of-a-cohort-study
#2
M Bethge, E Peters, E Michel, F M Radoschewski, K Spanier
Objective: Analyses of motivational and volitional determinants of applying for psychosomatic rehabilitation Methods: Determinants of a rehabilitation request were assessed by a questionnaire in 2013. Applications for psychosomatic rehabilitation measures until the end of 2014 were extracted from administrative data records. Included were employees with mental disorders. Results: Only 55 of 974 persons requested a rehabilitation measure. The intention to apply for a rehabilitation measure was strongest determined by self-efficacy and family and professional support...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921217/don-t-make-me-angry-you-wouldn-t-like-me-when-i-m-angry-volitional-choices-to-act-or-inhibit-are-modulated-by-subliminal-perception-of-emotional-faces
#3
Jim Parkinson, Sarah Garfinkel, Hugo Critchley, Zoltan Dienes, Anil K Seth
Volitional action and self-control-feelings of acting according to one's own intentions and in being control of one's own actions-are fundamental aspects of human conscious experience. However, it is unknown whether high-level cognitive control mechanisms are affected by socially salient but nonconscious emotional cues. In this study, we manipulated free choice decisions to act or withhold an action by subliminally presenting emotional faces: In a novel version of the Go/NoGo paradigm, participants made speeded button-press responses to Go targets, withheld responses to NoGo targets, and made spontaneous, free choices to execute or withhold the response for Choice targets...
December 5, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913387/using-multivariate-base-rates-to-interpret-low-scores-on-an-abbreviated-battery-of-the-delis-kaplan-executive-function-system
#4
Justin E Karr, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera, James A Holdnack, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: Executive function consists of multiple cognitive processes that operate as an interactive system to produce volitional goal-oriented behavior, governed in large part by frontal microstructural and physiological networks. Identification of deficits in executive function in those with neurological or psychiatric conditions can be difficult because the normal variation in executive function test scores, in healthy adults when multiple tests are used, is largely unknown. This study addresses that gap in the literature by examining the prevalence of low scores on a brief battery of executive function tests...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906668/an-analysis-of-factors-affecting-mature-age-students-academic-success-in-undergraduate-nursing-programs-a-critical-literature-review
#5
Lisa J Hayden, Sarah Y Jeong, Carol A Norton
The population of mature age students entering university nursing programs has steadily increased in both Australia and worldwide. The objective of the literature review was to explore how mature age students perform academically and to analyse the factors associated with their academic performance in nursing programs. A literature search was conducted in the following databases: CINAHL, ProQuest, Medline, Cochrane, Mosby's Index, Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI), and Scopus. Twenty-six (26) research papers published between 2000 and 2014 have met the selection criteria of this review...
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899904/theory-based-interventions-combining-mental-simulation-and-planning-techniques-to-improve-physical-activity-null-results-from-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Carine Meslot, Aurélie Gauchet, Benoît Allenet, Olivier François, Martin S Hagger
Interventions to assist individuals in initiating and maintaining regular participation in physical activity are not always effective. Psychological and behavioral theories advocate the importance of both motivation and volition in interventions to change health behavior. Interventions adopting self-regulation strategies that foster motivational and volitional components may, therefore, have utility in promoting regular physical activity participation. We tested the efficacy of an intervention adopting motivational (mental simulation) and volitional (implementation intentions) components to promote a regular physical activity in two studies...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896814/evaluation-of-swimming-performance-for-fish-passage-of-longnose-dace-rhinichthys-cataractae-using-an-experimental-flume
#7
D R Dockery, T E McMahon, K M Kappenman, M Blank
The swimming performance of longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae, the most widely distributed minnow (Cyprinidae) in North America, was assessed in relation to potential passage barriers. The study estimated passage success, maximum ascent distances and maximum sprint speed in an open-channel flume over a range of water velocities and temperatures (10·7, 15·3 and 19·3° C). Rhinichthys cataractae had high passage success (95%) in a 9·2 m flume section at mean test velocities of 39 and 64 cm s(-1) , but success rate dropped to 66% at 78 cm s(-1) ...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895948/pediatric-balint-s-syndrome-variant-a-possible-diagnosis-in-children
#8
Swetha Sara Philip, Sunithi Elizabeth Mani, Gordon N Dutton
Balint's syndrome is well described in adults, but not in children. It is caused by bilateral posterior parietal lobe damage and comprises a triad of simultanagnosia (inability to simultaneously see more than a small number of items), optic ataxia (impaired visual guidance of movement of the limbs and body), and apraxia of gaze (inability to volitionally direct gaze despite the requisite motor substrate) often associated with homonymous lower visual field loss. We, here, describe five children (four males, one female; mean age 7...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890230/soft-tissue-engineering
#9
REVIEW
Roderick Youngdo Kim, Sam Seoho Bae, Stephen Elliott Feinberg
There is a recognized need to reconstruct and restore complex craniomaxillofacial soft tissues. The objective of this article is to focus on the role that tissue engineering/regenerative medicine can play in addressing various barriers (vascularity, tissue bulk, volitional control, and esthetics) and impediments (timing, regional applicability/dissemination, and regulation by the US Food and Drug Administration) to optimal tissue reconstruction of complex soft tissue structures. We will use the lips as an example to illustrate our points...
February 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884462/dual-neural-network-model-for-the-evolution-of-speech-and-language
#10
REVIEW
Steffen R Hage, Andreas Nieder
Explaining the evolution of speech and language poses one of the biggest challenges in biology. We propose a dual network model that posits a volitional articulatory motor network (VAMN) originating in the prefrontal cortex (PFC; including Broca's area) that cognitively controls vocal output of a phylogenetically conserved primary vocal motor network (PVMN) situated in subcortical structures. By comparing the connections between these two systems in human and nonhuman primate brains, we identify crucial biological preadaptations in monkeys for the emergence of a language system in humans...
November 21, 2016: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881669/aerobic-exercise-in-humans-mobilizes-hsc-in-an-intensity-dependent-manner
#11
Jeff M Baker, Joshua P Nederveen, Gianni Parise
Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells are necessary to maintain, repair, and reconstitute the hematopoietic blood cell system. Mobilization of these cells from bone marrow to blood can be greatly increased under certain conditions, one such being exercise. The purpose of this study was to identify the importance of exercise intensity in hematopoietic mobilization, to better understand the mobilization kinetics post exercise, and to determine if exercise is capable of mobilizing several specific populations of hematopoietic cells that have clinical relevance in a transplant setting...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874299/cooling-effectiveness-of-a-modified-cold-water-immersion-method-after-exercise-induced-hyperthermia
#12
Katherine E Luhring, Cory L Butts, Cody R Smith, Jeffrey A Bonacci, Ramon C Ylanan, Matthew S Ganio, Brendon P McDermott
CONTEXT:  Recommended treatment for exertional heat stroke includes whole-body cold-water immersion (CWI). However, remote locations or monetary or spatial restrictions can challenge the feasibility of CWI. Thus, the development of a modified, portable CWI method would allow for optimal treatment of exertional heat stroke in the presence of these challenges. OBJECTIVE:  To determine the cooling rate of modified CWI (tarp-assisted cooling with oscillation [TACO]) after exertional hyperthermia...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874298/volitional-spine-stabilization-during-a-drop-vertical-jump-from-different-landing-heights-implications-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#13
Ram Haddas, Troy Hooper, C Roger James, Phillip S Sizer
CONTEXT:  Volitional spine stabilization (VSS) during dynamic activities may alter trunk motion, but the role of the core musculature in positioning the trunk during landing tasks is unclear. OBJECTIVE:  To determine whether volitional core-muscle activation incorporated during a drop vertical jump alters lower extremity kinematics and kinetics, as well as trunk and lower extremity muscle activity at different landing heights. DESIGN:  Controlled laboratory study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857012/-concept-analysis-of-volition-for-health-behavior-practice-in-patients-with-chronic-disease
#14
Mi Ja Lee, Min Ju Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to define and clarify the concept of volition for health behavior. METHODS: For this study the process of Walker & Avant's concept analysis was used. Seventeen studies from electronic data basses met criteria for selection. RESULTS: Volition can be defined by the following attributes: 1) planning, 2) maintenance of self-efficacy, and 3) self regulation. The antecedents of volition consisted of: 1) risk awareness, 2) outcome expectation, 3) perceived self-efficacy, and 4) social support...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852751/correlations-of-metabolic-rate-and-body-acceleration-in-three-species-of-coastal-sharks-under-contrasting-temperature-regimes
#15
Karissa O Lear, Nicholas M Whitney, Lauran R Brewster, Jack J Morris, Robert E Hueter, Adrian C Gleiss
The ability to produce estimates of the metabolic rate of free-ranging animals is fundamental to the study of their ecology. However, measuring the energy expenditure of animals in the field has proven difficult, especially for aquatic taxa. Accelerometry presents a means of translating metabolic rates measured in the laboratory to individuals studied in the field, pending appropriate laboratory calibrations. Such calibrations have only been performed on a few fish species to date, and only one where the effects of temperature were accounted for...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846655/-alienation-differential-psychopathology-of-ego-disturbances
#16
M Bodatsch, J Kuhn
Alienation, i. e. disorders of the inner experience of integrity, continuity, and agency, represents a feature of both psychotic and non-psychotic disorders. Thereby, ego disturbances are thought to be specific for schizophrenia. Depersonalisation, in contrast, has been reported in schizophrenia as well as a neurotic, probably distinct syndrome. The differentiation of psychotic vs. non-psychotic alienation is often all but trivial. The present paper provides an overview of the historical roots and the psychopathological conceptualizations of alienation...
November 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835753/zooming-in-on-children-s-behavior-during-delay-of-gratification-disentangling-impulsigenic-and-volitional-processes-underlying-self-regulation
#17
Regula Neuenschwander, Clancy Blair
When delaying gratification, both motivational and regulatory processes are likely to be at play; however, the relative contributions of motivational and regulatory influences on delay behavior are unclear. By examining behavioral responses during a delay task, this study sought to examine the motivational (anticipatory behavior) and regulatory mechanisms (executive function and self-control strategies) underlying children's self-regulation. The participants, 65 5- to 9-year-old children (Mage=7.19years, SD=0...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829475/who-benefits-from-a-dietary-online-intervention-evidence-from-italy-spain-and-greece
#18
Ralf Schwarzer, Lena Fleig, Lisa M Warner, Maryam Gholami, Lluis Serra-Majem, Joy Ngo, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Lourdes Ribas-Barba, Alessandro Distante, Evangelia Ntzani, George Giannakis, Maria L Brandi
OBJECTIVE: The traditional Mediterranean diet includes high consumption of fruits, vegetables, olive oil, legumes, cereals and nuts, moderate to high intake of fish and dairy products, and low consumption of meat products. Intervention effects to improve adoption of this diet may vary in terms of individuals' motivational or volitional prerequisites. In the context of a three-country research collaboration, intervention effects on these psychological constructs for increasing adoption of the Mediterranean diet were examined...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820869/spontaneous-breathing-pattern-as-respiratory-functional-outcome-in-children-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-sma
#19
A LoMauro, A Aliverti, C Mastella, M T Arnoldi, P Banfi, G Baranello
INTRODUCTION: SMA is characterised by progressive motor and respiratory muscle weakness. We aimed to verify if in SMA children 1)each form is characterized by specific ventilatory and thoraco-abdominal pattern(VTAp) during quiet breathing(QB); 2)VTAp is affected by salbutamol therapy, currently suggested as standard treatment, or by the natural history(NH) of SMA; 3)the severity of global motor impairment linearly correlates with VTAp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: VTAp was analysed on 32 SMA type I (SMA1,the most severe form), 51 type II (SMA2,the moderate), 8 type III (SMA3,the mildest) and 20 healthy (HC) using opto-electronic plethysmography...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819442/was-that-a-threat-attentional-biases-by-signals-of-threat
#20
Daniel Preciado, Jaap Munneke, Jan Theeuwes
The present study rigorously tests whether an arbitrary stimulus that signals threat affects attentional selection and perception. Thirty-four volunteers completed a spatial-emotional cueing paradigm to examine how perceptual sensitivity (d') and response times (RTs) were affected by a threatening stimulus. On each side of fixation, 2 colored circles were presented as cues, followed by 2 Gabor patches, 1 of which was tilted and served as target. The color of 1 of the cues was paired with an electric shock, while others remained neutral...
November 7, 2016: Emotion
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