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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691372/universality-in-volume-law-entanglement-of-scrambled-pure-quantum-states
#1
Yuya O Nakagawa, Masataka Watanabe, Hiroyuki Fujita, Sho Sugiura
A pure quantum state can fully describe thermal equilibrium as long as one focuses on local observables. The thermodynamic entropy can also be recovered as the entanglement entropy of small subsystems. When the size of the subsystem increases, however, quantum correlations break the correspondence and mandate a correction to this simple volume law. The elucidation of the size dependence of the entanglement entropy is thus essentially important in linking quantum physics with thermodynamics. Here we derive an analytic formula of the entanglement entropy for a class of pure states called cTPQ states representing equilibrium...
April 24, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689732/a-novel-algorithm-for-thermal-image-encryption
#2
Iqtadar Hussain, Amir Anees, Abdulmohsen Algarni
Thermal images play a vital character at nuclear plants, Power stations, Forensic labs biological research, and petroleum products extraction. Safety of thermal images is very important. Image data has some unique features such as intensity, contrast, homogeneity, entropy and correlation among pixels that is why somehow image encryption is trickier as compare to other encryptions. With conventional image encryption schemes it is normally hard to handle these features. Therefore, cryptographers have paid attention to some attractive properties of the chaotic maps such as randomness and sensitivity to build up novel cryptosystems...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686070/cryptographic-hashing-using-chaotic-hydrodynamics
#3
William Gilpin
Fluids may store and manipulate information, enabling complex applications ranging from digital logic gates to algorithmic self-assembly. While controllable hydrodynamic chaos has previously been observed in viscous fluids and harnessed for efficient mixing, its application to the manipulation of digital information has been sparsely investigated. We show that chaotic stirring of a viscous fluid naturally produces a characteristic signature of the stirring process in the arrangement of particles in the fluid, and that this signature directly satisfies the requirements for a cryptographic hash function...
April 23, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685206/chaos-theory-for-clinical-manifestations-in-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Tetsuya Akaishi, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Ichiro Nakashima
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease which characteristically shows repeated relapses and remissions irregularly in the central nervous system. At present, the pathological mechanism of MS is unknown and we do not have any theories or mathematical models to explain its disseminated patterns in time and space. In this paper, we present a new theoretical model from a viewpoint of complex system with chaos model to reproduce and explain the non-linear clinical and pathological manifestations in MS...
June 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683915/organized-chaos-in-late-specialization-team-sports-weekly-training-loads-of-elite-adolescent-rugby-union-players
#5
Padraic J Phibbs, Ben Jones, Gregory Roe, Dale B Read, Joshua Darrall-Jones, Jonathon Weakley, Andrew Rock, Kevin Till
Phibbs, PJ, Jones, B, Roe, G, Read, DB, Darrall-Jones, J, Weakley, J, Rock, A, and Till, K. Organized chaos in late specialization team sports: weekly training loads of elite adolescent rugby union players. J Strength Cond Res 32(5): 1316-1323, 2018-The aim of this study was to quantify the mean weekly training load (TL) of elite adolescent rugby union players participating in multiple teams and examine the differences between playing positions. Twenty elite male adolescent rugby union players (17.4 ± 0.7 years) were recruited from a regional academy and categorized by playing position: forwards (n = 10) and backs (n = 10)...
May 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680627/association-schemes-perspective-of-microbubble-cluster-in-ultrasonic-fields
#6
S Behnia, M Yahyavi, R Habibpourbisafar
Dynamics of a cluster of chaotic oscillators on a network are studied using coupled maps. By introducing the association schemes, we obtain coupling strength in the adjacency matrices form, which satisfies Markov matrices property. We remark that in general, the stability region of the cluster of oscillators at the synchronization state is characterized by Lyapunov exponent which can be defined based on the N-coupled map. As a detailed physical example, dynamics of microbubble cluster in an ultrasonic field are studied using coupled maps...
June 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668687/from-local-uncertainty-to-global-predictions-making-predictions-on-fractal-basins
#7
Asaf Levi, Juan Sabuco, Michael Small, Miguel A F Sanjuán
In nonlinear systems long term dynamics is governed by the attractors present in phase space. The presence of a chaotic saddle gives rise to basins of attraction with fractal boundaries and sometimes even to Wada boundaries. These two phenomena involve extreme difficulties in the prediction of the future state of the system. However, we show here that it is possible to make statistical predictions even if we do not have any previous knowledge of the initial conditions or the time series of the system until it reaches its final state...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668379/predictability-force-and-anti-resonance-in-complex-object-control
#8
Pauline Maurice, Neville Hogan, Dagmar Sternad
Manipulation of complex objects as in tool use is ubiquitous and has given humans an evolutionary advantage. This study examined the strategies humans choose when manipulating an object with underactuated internal dynamics, such as a cup of coffee. The object's dynamics renders the temporal evolution complex, possibly even chaotic, and difficult to predict. A cart-and-pendulum model, loosely mimicking coffee sloshing in a cup, was implemented in a virtual environment with a haptic interface. Participants rhythmically manipulated the virtual cup containing a rolling ball; they could choose the oscillation frequency, while the amplitude was prescribed...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667276/stress-cardiomyopathy-provoked-chaotic-t-wave-lability
#9
Soheila Talebi, Alaleh Azhir, Edgar Argulian
Potentially lethal arrhythmia, occurring at presentation or during hospitalization, are a part of the clinical spectrum of stress cardiomyopathy. There is significant association between the catecholamine provoked nonalternating beat to beat fluctuations in T-wave morphology, termed T-wave lability (TWL), and the clinical risk of arrhythmia. We report four patients with diagnosis of stress cardiomyopathy, in whom serial electrocardiography showed macrovoltage nonalternating fluctuations in T-wave morphology...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662339/nonlinear-dynamics-of-a-dispersive-anisotropic-kuramoto-sivashinsky-equation-in-two-space-dimensions
#10
R J Tomlin, A Kalogirou, D T Papageorgiou
A Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation in two space dimensions arising in thin film flows is considered on doubly periodic domains. In the absence of dispersive effects, this anisotropic equation admits chaotic solutions for sufficiently large length scales with fully two-dimensional profiles; the one-dimensional dynamics observed for thin domains are structurally unstable as the transverse length increases. We find that, independent of the domain size, the characteristic length scale of the profiles in the streamwise direction is about 10 space units, with that in the transverse direction being approximately three times larger...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658287/perspectives-on-providing-and-receiving-preventive-health-care-from-primary-care-providers-and-their-patients-with-mental-illnesses
#11
Scott P Stumbo, Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Micah T Yarborough, Carla A Green
PURPOSE: Individuals with mental illnesses have higher morbidity rates and reduced life expectancy compared to the general population. Understanding how patients and providers perceive the need for prevention, as well as the barriers and beliefs that may contribute to insufficient care, are important for improving service delivery tailored to this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional; mixed methods. SETTING: An integrated health system and a network of federally qualified health centers and safety net clinics...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658077/in-vivo-experimental-study-of-biological-compatibility-of-tissue-engineered-tracheal-construct-in-laboratory-primates
#12
I V Gilevich, A S Sotnichenko, D D Karal-Ogly, E A Gubareva, E V Kuevda, I S Polyakov, B A Lapin, S V Orlov, V A Porkhanov, V P Chekhonin
Biological compatibility of a tissue engineered construct of the trachea (synthetic scaffold) and allogenic mesenchymal stem cells was studied on laboratory Papio hamadryas primates. Subcutaneous implantation and orthotopic transplantations of tissue engineered constructs were carried out. Histological studies of the construct showed chaotically located filaments and mononuclear cells fixed to them. Development of a fine connective tissue capsule was found at the site of subcutaneous implantation of the tissue engineered construct...
April 16, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656099/hypsarrhythmia-in-epileptic-spasms-synchrony-in-chaos
#13
Vera Nenadovic, Robyn Whitney, Jason Boulet, Miguel A Cortez
PURPOSE: Hypsarrhythmia is an electroencephalographic pattern associated with epileptic spasms and West syndrome. West syndrome is a devastating epileptic encephalopathy, originating in infancy. Hypsarrhythmia has been deemed to be the interictal brain activity, while the electrodecremental event associated with the spasms is denoted as the ictal event. Though characterized as chaotic, asynchronous and disorganized based on visual inspection of the EEG, little is known of the dynamics of hypsarrhythmia and how it impacts the developmental arrest of these infants...
March 30, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655318/simulations-of-submonolayer-xe-on-pt-111-the-case-for-a-chaotic-low-temperature-phase
#14
Anthony D Novaco, Jessica Bavaresco
Molecular dynamics simulations are reported for the structural and thermodynamic properties of submonolayer xenon adsorbed on the (111) surface of platinum for temperatures up to the (apparently incipient) triple point and beyond. While the motion of the atoms in the surface plane is treated with a standard two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulation, the model takes into consideration the thermal excitation of quantum states associated with surface-normal dynamics in an attempt to describe the apparent smoothing of the corrugation with increasing temperature...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652349/chaotic-brillouin-optical-correlation-domain-analysis
#15
Jianzhong Zhang, Mingtao Zhang, Mingjiang Zhang, Yi Liu, Changkun Feng, Yahui Wang, Yuncai Wang
We propose and experimentally demonstrate a chaotic Brillouin optical correlation-domain analysis system for distributed fiber sensing. The utilization of a chaotic laser with a low coherence state ensures high spatial resolution. The experimental results demonstrate a 4 cm spatial resolution over a 906 m measurement range. The uncertainty in the measurement of the local Brillouin frequency shift is ±1.2  MHz. The analysis of the expected spatial resolution and signal-to-noise ratio is also given.
April 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650305/encryption-and-watermark-treated-medical-image-against-hacking-disease-an-immune-convention-in-spatial-and-frequency-domains
#16
C Lakshmi, K Thenmozhi, John Bosco Balaguru Rayappan, Rengarajan Amirtharajan
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) is one among the significant formats used worldwide for the representation of medical images. Undoubtedly, medical-image security plays a crucial role in telemedicine applications. Merging encryption and watermarking in medical-image protection paves the way for enhancing the authentication and safer transmission over open channels. In this context, the present work on DICOM image encryption has employed a fuzzy chaotic map for encryption and the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) for watermarking...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644070/intravenous-drug-users-who-require-dialysis-causes-of-renal-failure-and-outcomes
#17
Jemima K Scott, Dominic M Taylor, Chris R K Dudley
Background: Intravenous drug use is associated with progressive kidney disease of several aetiologies. It is associated with behavioural and lifestyle characteristics that make the provision of renal replacement therapies (RRTs) challenging. We observed that patients who use intravenous drugs [people who inject drugs (PWID)] present late to renal services and struggle to engage with treatment. We describe the experience of a UK centre providing renal services to a mixed city and rural population...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628180/chaos-synchronization-of-uncertain-chaotic-systems-using-composite-nonlinear-feedback-based-integral-sliding-mode-control
#18
Saleh Mobayen
This paper proposes a combination of composite nonlinear feedback and integral sliding mode techniques for fast and accurate chaos synchronization of uncertain chaotic systems with Lipschitz nonlinear functions, time-varying delays and disturbances. The composite nonlinear feedback method allows accurate following of the master chaotic system and the integral sliding mode control provides invariance property which rejects the perturbations and preserves the stability of the closed-loop system. Based on the Lyapunov- Krasovskii stability theory and linear matrix inequalities, a novel sufficient condition is offered for the chaos synchronization of uncertain chaotic systems...
April 5, 2018: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622859/performance-improvement-via-bagging-in-probabilistic-prediction-of-chaotic-time-series-using-similarity-of-attractors-and-loocv-predictable-horizon
#19
Shuichi Kurogi, Mitsuki Toidani, Ryosuke Shigematsu, Kazuya Matsuo
Recently, we have presented a method of probabilistic prediction of chaotic time series. The method employs learning machines involving strong learners capable of making predictions with desirably long predictable horizons, where, however, usual ensemble mean for making representative prediction is not effective when there are predictions with shorter predictable horizons. Thus, the method selects a representative prediction from the predictions generated by a number of learning machines involving strong learners as follows: first, it obtains plausible predictions holding large similarity of attractors with the training time series and then selects the representative prediction with the largest predictable horizon estimated via LOOCV (leave-one-out cross-validation)...
2018: Neural Computing & Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611109/stochastic-sensitivity-analysis-of-noise-induced-extinction-in-the-ricker-model-with-delay-and-allee-effect
#20
Irina Bashkirtseva, Lev Ryashko
A susceptibility of population systems to the random noise is studied on the base of the conceptual Ricker-type model taking into account the delay and Allee effect. This two-dimensional discrete model exhibits the persistence in the form of equilibria, discrete cycles, closed invariant curves, and chaotic attractors. It is shown how the Allee effect constrains the persistence zones with borders defined by crisis bifurcations. We study the role of random noise on the contraction and destruction of these zones...
April 2, 2018: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
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