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divorce and child development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040114/association-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-co-occurring-health-conditions-in-early-childhood
#1
Melissa A Bright, Lindsay A Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To understand how adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with co-occurring physical, mental and developmental problems during early childhood. METHOD: A subsample of 19,957 children aged 2-5 years were selected from the 2011-2012 National Survey for Child Health. Outcomes included 18 health conditions organized in singular condition domains (physical, mental, and developmental), and combinations of condition domains (e.g., physical plus mental, mental plus developmental, etc...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026377/developmental-screening-predictors-of-follow-up-adherence-in-primary-health-care
#2
Joanné Christine Schoeman, De Wet Swanepoel, Jeannie van der Linde
BACKGROUND: The importance of early identification for infants and young children with developmental delays is well established. Poor follow-up on referrals, however, undermines the effectiveness of early intervention programmes. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors, including text message reminders, that influence follow-up adherence for early intervention after developmental screening in primary health care. A secondary objective surveyed reasons for follow-up default...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989330/maternal-and-neonatal-birth-factors-affecting-the-age-of-asd-diagnosis
#3
Ashley Darcy-Mahoney, Bonnie Minter, Melinda Higgins, Ying Guo, Lauren Head Zauche, Jessica Hirst
Early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) enables early intervention that improves long term functioning of children with ASD but is often delayed until age of school entry. Few studies have identified factors that affect timely diagnosis. This study addressed how maternal education, race, age, marital status as well as neonatal birth factors affect the age at which a child is diagnosed with ASD. This study involved a retrospective analysis of 664 records of children treated at one of the largest autism treatment centers in the United States from March 1, 2009 to December 30, 2010...
December 2016: Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews: NAINR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974170/the-voice-of-the-child-in-parental-divorce-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-mental-health-practitioners
#4
Carrie Brand, Greg Howcroft, Christopher Norman Hoelson
OBJECTIVE: Research on parental divorce suggests that the nature of the divorce process, as experienced by the child, is the most important factor in his or her post-divorce adjustment. Research regarding children's experiences of the divorce process has been limited and the adult perspective has dominated the discourse on divorce; only recently has research started to consider children's viewpoint. This article describes a narrative inquiry into the experiences and perceptions of parental divorce, of 9- to 10-year-old children...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972706/trauma-informed-care-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-middle-east
#5
Ossama T Osman, Laeth Nasir, Richard F Mollica, Taoufik Zoubeidi, James Lavelle, Noor Amawi
Objective: To explore in Arab communities the prevalence, dynamics, and resources available to address the physical and psychological consequences that may arise from psychiatric disorders. Methods: An online survey of psychiatrists and primary care physicians from 17 Arab countries was conducted between September 2011 and June 2012. The survey serves as a needs assessment in a scientifically valid and culturally sensitive manner. Additionally, it focuses attention on the clinical strengths and weaknesses of Middle Eastern primary health care and mental health centers in identifying and treating trauma-related health and mental health issues...
September 28, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865663/income-inequality-and-the-differential-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-us-children
#6
Neal Halfon, Kandyce Larson, John Son, Michael Lu, Christina Bethell
OBJECTIVE: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can affect health and development across the life course. Despite a general understanding that adversity is associated with lower income, we know less about how ACEs manifest at different income levels and how these income-related patterns affect children's health and development. METHODS: Data from the 2011 to 2012 National Survey of Children's Health were used to examine the prevalence of 9 ACEs in US children, across 4 levels of household income, and in relationship to 5 parent-reported measures of child health...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795827/the-parting-parent-concern-inventory-parents-appraisals-correlate-with-divorced-family-functioning
#7
Keith Sanford, Alannah Shelby Rivers
When married parents go through a divorce, they may have concerns in 6 areas that are associated with postdivorce family adjustment. These include concerns about malice, power, custody, child rejection, esteem, and finances. The Parting Parent Concern Inventory assesses these concerns. It was developed in a series of preliminary studies, and this report focuses on results from 2 subsequent validation studies including 643 divorced parents with at least 1 child from their former marriage under the age of 18...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716823/father-loss-and-child-telomere-length
#8
Colter Mitchell, Sara McLanahan, Lisa Schneper, Irv Garfinkel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Daniel Notterman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Father loss during childhood has negative health and behavioral consequences, but the biological consequences are unknown. Our goal was to examine how father loss (because of separation and/or divorce, death, or incarceration) is associated with cellular function as estimated by telomere length. METHODS: Data come from the 9-year follow-up of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a birth cohort study of children in 20 large American cities (N = 2420)...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571475/biological-sensitivity-to-the-effects-of-childhood-family-adversity-on-psychological-well-being-in-young-adulthood
#9
Jennifer A Somers, Mariam Hanna Ibrahim, Linda J Luecken
The theory of biological sensitivity to context may inform our understanding of why some children exposed to family adversity develop mental health problems in emerging adulthood whereas others demonstrate resilience. This study investigated the interactive effects of heart rate (HR) reactivity and childhood family adversity (maltreatment and changes in family structure) on depressive symptoms and positive affect among 150 undergraduate students (18-28 years old; 77% White, non-Hispanic; 61% female). Participants reported on childhood parental divorce or death, and child maltreatment, and current depressive symptoms and positive affect...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444518/video-based-approach-to-engaging-parents-into-a-preventive-parenting-intervention-for-divorcing-families-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Emily B Winslow, Sanford Braver, Robert Cialdini, Irwin Sandler, Jennifer Betkowski, Jenn-Yun Tein, Liza Hita, Mona Bapat, Lorey Wheeler, Monique Lopez
The public health impact of evidence-based, preventive parenting interventions has been severely constrained by low rates of participation when interventions are delivered under natural conditions. It is critical that prevention scientists develop effective and feasible parent engagement methods. This study tested video-based methods for engaging parents into an evidence-based program for divorcing parents. Three alternative versions of a video were created to test the incremental effectiveness of different theory-based engagement strategies based on social influence and health behavior models...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178993/perspectives-of-urban-ghanaian-women-on-vasectomy
#11
Ofeibea Asare, Easmon Otupiri, Joana Apenkwa, Rose Odotei-Adjei
BACKGROUND: Advocacy for male involvement in family planning has been championed over the years after the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). There are a few contraceptive methods for men, and vasectomy uptake has been identified as one of the indicators of male involvement in family planning. Vasectomy also known as male sterilization is a permanent form of contraception. It is a generally safe, quick, easy, effective surgical operation with rare complications to prevent release of sperm...
February 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115419/parental-separation-in-childhood-and-adult-smoking-in-the-1958-british-birth-cohort
#12
Sarah E Martindale, Rebecca E Lacey
Background: Parental separation or divorce is a known risk factor for poorer adult health. One mechanism may operate through the uptake of risky health behaviours, such as smoking. This study investigated the association between parental separation and adult smoking in a large British birth cohort and also examined potential socioeconomic, relational and psychosocial mediators. Differences by gender and timing of parental separation were also assessed. Methods: Multiply imputed data on 11 375 participants of the National Child Development Study (the 1958 British birth cohort) were used...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862534/father-absence-but-not-fosterage-predicts-food-insecurity-relative-poverty-and-poor-child-health-in-northern-tanzania
#13
David W Lawson, Susan B Schaffnit, Anushé Hassan, Esther Ngadaya, Bernard Ngowi, Sayoki G M Mfinanga, Susan James, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder
OBJECTIVES: The importance of fathers in ensuring child health in rural developing populations is questioned by anthropologists and population health scientists. Existing literature focuses on paternal death and child mortality. A relative lack of studies consider alternative forms of father absence and/or more subtle health outcomes. Here we determine the frequency and form of father absence in northern Tanzania, and its relationship to household food security, wealth, and child anthropometric status...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785032/screening-results-correlating-to-personality-disorder-traits-in-a-new-employee-population-of-people-s-republic-of-china
#14
Yan Tan, Yan Liu, Lei Wu
BACKGROUND: Adaptation to a new environment may have an uncertain influence on young employees, whose values are still being formed during early adulthood. To understand the current mental status and further improve the mental health level of the new employee population of People's Republic of China, we conducted a cross-sectional study to screen the prevalence and correlates of personality disorder (PD) traits in this population. METHODS: This study included all male participants who were new employees (those who had started working in approximately the last three months) from 12 machinery factories in People's Republic of China...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623125/-interpersonal-therapy-ipt-in-child-psychiatry-and-adolescent
#15
REVIEW
B Lavigne, E Audebert-Mérilhou, G Buisson, F Kochman, J P Clément, B Olliac
INTRODUCTION: Depression disorder may become the first cause of morbidity by 2030, according to the World Health Organization. It is actually one of the main causes of disease and handicap in children aged from 10 to 19. The major risk is suicide, whose prevalence is estimated, in France, around 6.7 for 100,000, which is probably underestimated. At present, the discussions about prescription of antidepressants in an adolescent's depression remain intense which is why psychotherapy becomes the first choice of treatment...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513352/life-satisfaction-in-women-with-epilepsy-during-and-after-pregnancy
#16
Simone Frizell Reiter, Marte Helene Bjørk, Anne Kjersti Daltveit, Gyri Veiby, Eivind Kolstad, Bernt A Engelsen, Nils Erik Gilhus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate life satisfaction in women with epilepsy during and after pregnancy. METHODS: The study was based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, including 102,265 women with and without epilepsy from the general population. Investigation took place at pregnancy weeks 15-19 and 6 and 18months postpartum. Women with epilepsy were compared with a reference group without epilepsy. RESULTS: The proportion of women with epilepsy was 0...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481544/exposure-to-parental-separation-in-childhood-and-later-parenting-quality-as-an-adult-evidence-from-a-30-year-longitudinal-study
#17
Myron D Friesen, L John Horwood, David M Fergusson, Lianne J Woodward
BACKGROUND: Previous research has documented that exposure to parental separation/divorce during childhood can be associated with long-term consequences into adulthood. This study sought to extend this literature by examining associations between childhood exposure to parental separation/divorce and later parenting behavior as an adult in a New Zealand birth cohort. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS), a longitudinal study of a birth cohort of 1,265 children born in 1977 in Christchurch, New Zealand...
January 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343884/child-affected-by-parental-relationship-distress
#18
REVIEW
William Bernet, Marianne Z Wamboldt, William E Narrow
OBJECTIVE: A new condition, "child affected by parental relationship distress" (CAPRD), was introduced in the DSM-5. A relational problem, CAPRD is defined in the chapter of the DSM-5 under "Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention." The purpose of this article is to explain the usefulness of this new terminology. METHOD: A brief review of the literature establishing that children are affected by parental relationship distress is presented. To elaborate on the clinical presentations of CAPRD, four common scenarios are described in more detail: children may react to parental intimate partner distress; to parental intimate partner violence; to acrimonious divorce; and to unfair disparagement of one parent by another...
July 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232287/parents-plus-systemic-solution-focused-parent-training-programs-description-review-of-the-evidence-base-and-meta-analysis
#19
Alan Carr, Dan Hartnett, Eileen Brosnan, John Sharry
Parents Plus (PP) programs are systemic, solution-focused, group-based interventions. They are designed for delivery in clinical and community settings as treatment programs for families with child-focused problems, such as behavioral difficulties, disruptive behavior disorders, and emotional disorders in young people with and without developmental disabilities. PP programs have been developed for families of preschoolers, preadolescent children, and teenagers, as well as for separated or divorced families...
May 27, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993797/mother-child-discrepancy-in-perceived-family-functioning-and-adolescent-developmental-outcomes-in-families-experiencing-economic-disadvantage-in-hong-kong
#20
Janet T Y Leung, Daniel T L Shek, Lin Li
Though growing attention has been devoted to examining informant discrepancies of family attributes in social science research, studies that examine how interactions between mother-reported and adolescent-reported family functioning predict adolescent developmental outcomes in underprivileged families are severely lacking. The current study investigated the difference between mothers and adolescents in their reports of family functioning, as well as the relationships between mother-reported and adolescent-reported family functioning and adolescent developmental outcomes in a sample of 432 Chinese single-mother families (mean age of adolescents = 13...
October 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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