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divorce and child development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865663/income-inequality-and-the-differential-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-us-children
#1
Neal Halfon, Kandyce Larson, John Son, Michael Lu, Christina Bethell
OBJECTIVE: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can affect health and development across the life course. Despite a general understanding that adversity is associated with lower income, we know less about how ACEs manifest at different income levels and how these income-related patterns affect children's health and development. METHODS: Data from the 2011 to 2012 National Survey of Children's Health were used to examine the prevalence of 9 ACEs in US children, across 4 levels of household income, and in relationship to 5 parent-reported measures of child health...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795827/the-parting-parent-concern-inventory-parents-appraisals-correlate-with-divorced-family-functioning
#2
Keith Sanford, Alannah Shelby Rivers
When married parents go through a divorce, they may have concerns in 6 areas that are associated with postdivorce family adjustment. These include concerns about malice, power, custody, child rejection, esteem, and finances. The Parting Parent Concern Inventory assesses these concerns. It was developed in a series of preliminary studies, and this report focuses on results from 2 subsequent validation studies including 643 divorced parents with at least 1 child from their former marriage under the age of 18...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716823/father-loss-and-child-telomere-length
#3
Colter Mitchell, Sara McLanahan, Lisa Schneper, Irv Garfinkel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Daniel Notterman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Father loss during childhood has negative health and behavioral consequences, but the biological consequences are unknown. Our goal was to examine how father loss (because of separation and/or divorce, death, or incarceration) is associated with cellular function as estimated by telomere length. METHODS: Data come from the 9-year follow-up of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a birth cohort study of children in 20 large American cities (N = 2420)...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571475/biological-sensitivity-to-the-effects-of-childhood-family-adversity-on-psychological-well-being-in-young-adulthood
#4
Jennifer A Somers, Mariam Hanna Ibrahim, Linda J Luecken
The theory of biological sensitivity to context may inform our understanding of why some children exposed to family adversity develop mental health problems in emerging adulthood whereas others demonstrate resilience. This study investigated the interactive effects of heart rate (HR) reactivity and childhood family adversity (maltreatment and changes in family structure) on depressive symptoms and positive affect among 150 undergraduate students (18-28 years old; 77% White, non-Hispanic; 61% female). Participants reported on childhood parental divorce or death, and child maltreatment, and current depressive symptoms and positive affect...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444518/video-based-approach-to-engaging-parents-into-a-preventive-parenting-intervention-for-divorcing-families-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Emily B Winslow, Sanford Braver, Robert Cialdini, Irwin Sandler, Jennifer Betkowski, Jenn-Yun Tein, Liza Hita, Mona Bapat, Lorey Wheeler, Monique Lopez
The public health impact of evidence-based, preventive parenting interventions has been severely constrained by low rates of participation when interventions are delivered under natural conditions. It is critical that prevention scientists develop effective and feasible parent engagement methods. This study tested video-based methods for engaging parents into an evidence-based program for divorcing parents. Three alternative versions of a video were created to test the incremental effectiveness of different theory-based engagement strategies based on social influence and health behavior models...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178993/perspectives-of-urban-ghanaian-women-on-vasectomy
#6
Ofeibea Asare, Easmon Otupiri, Joana Apenkwa, Rose Odotei-Adjei
BACKGROUND: Advocacy for male involvement in family planning has been championed over the years after the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). There are a few contraceptive methods for men, and vasectomy uptake has been identified as one of the indicators of male involvement in family planning. Vasectomy also known as male sterilization is a permanent form of contraception. It is a generally safe, quick, easy, effective surgical operation with rare complications to prevent release of sperm...
February 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115419/parental-separation-in-childhood-and-adult-smoking-in-the-1958-british-birth-cohort
#7
Sarah E Martindale, Rebecca E Lacey
BACKGROUND: Parental separation or divorce is a known risk factor for poorer adult health. One mechanism may operate through the uptake of risky health behaviours, such as smoking. This study investigated the association between parental separation and adult smoking in a large British birth cohort and also examined potential socioeconomic, relational and psychosocial mediators. Differences by gender and timing of parental separation were also assessed. METHODS: Multiply imputed data on 11 375 participants of the National Child Development Study (the 1958 British birth cohort) were used...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862534/father-absence-but-not-fosterage-predicts-food-insecurity-relative-poverty-and-poor-child-health-in-northern-tanzania
#8
David W Lawson, Susan B Schaffnit, Anushé Hassan, Esther Ngadaya, Bernard Ngowi, Sayoki G M Mfinanga, Susan James, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder
OBJECTIVES: The importance of fathers in ensuring child health in rural developing populations is questioned by anthropologists and population health scientists. Existing literature focuses on paternal death and child mortality. A relative lack of studies consider alternative forms of father absence and/or more subtle health outcomes. Here we determine the frequency and form of father absence in northern Tanzania, and its relationship to household food security, wealth, and child anthropometric status...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785032/screening-results-correlating-to-personality-disorder-traits-in-a-new-employee-population-of-people-s-republic-of-china
#9
Yan Tan, Yan Liu, Lei Wu
BACKGROUND: Adaptation to a new environment may have an uncertain influence on young employees, whose values are still being formed during early adulthood. To understand the current mental status and further improve the mental health level of the new employee population of People's Republic of China, we conducted a cross-sectional study to screen the prevalence and correlates of personality disorder (PD) traits in this population. METHODS: This study included all male participants who were new employees (those who had started working in approximately the last three months) from 12 machinery factories in People's Republic of China...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623125/-interpersonal-therapy-ipt-in-child-psychiatry-and-adolescent
#10
REVIEW
B Lavigne, E Audebert-Mérilhou, G Buisson, F Kochman, J P Clément, B Olliac
INTRODUCTION: Depression disorder may become the first cause of morbidity by 2030, according to the World Health Organization. It is actually one of the main causes of disease and handicap in children aged from 10 to 19. The major risk is suicide, whose prevalence is estimated, in France, around 6.7 for 100,000, which is probably underestimated. At present, the discussions about prescription of antidepressants in an adolescent's depression remain intense which is why psychotherapy becomes the first choice of treatment...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513352/life-satisfaction-in-women-with-epilepsy-during-and-after-pregnancy
#11
Simone Frizell Reiter, Marte Helene Bjørk, Anne Kjersti Daltveit, Gyri Veiby, Eivind Kolstad, Bernt A Engelsen, Nils Erik Gilhus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate life satisfaction in women with epilepsy during and after pregnancy. METHODS: The study was based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, including 102,265 women with and without epilepsy from the general population. Investigation took place at pregnancy weeks 15-19 and 6 and 18months postpartum. Women with epilepsy were compared with a reference group without epilepsy. RESULTS: The proportion of women with epilepsy was 0...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481544/exposure-to-parental-separation-in-childhood-and-later-parenting-quality-as-an-adult-evidence-from-a-30-year-longitudinal-study
#12
Myron D Friesen, L John Horwood, David M Fergusson, Lianne J Woodward
BACKGROUND: Previous research has documented that exposure to parental separation/divorce during childhood can be associated with long-term consequences into adulthood. This study sought to extend this literature by examining associations between childhood exposure to parental separation/divorce and later parenting behavior as an adult in a New Zealand birth cohort. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS), a longitudinal study of a birth cohort of 1,265 children born in 1977 in Christchurch, New Zealand...
January 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343884/child-affected-by-parental-relationship-distress
#13
REVIEW
William Bernet, Marianne Z Wamboldt, William E Narrow
OBJECTIVE: A new condition, "child affected by parental relationship distress" (CAPRD), was introduced in the DSM-5. A relational problem, CAPRD is defined in the chapter of the DSM-5 under "Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention." The purpose of this article is to explain the usefulness of this new terminology. METHOD: A brief review of the literature establishing that children are affected by parental relationship distress is presented. To elaborate on the clinical presentations of CAPRD, four common scenarios are described in more detail: children may react to parental intimate partner distress; to parental intimate partner violence; to acrimonious divorce; and to unfair disparagement of one parent by another...
July 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232287/parents-plus-systemic-solution-focused-parent-training-programs-description-review-of-the-evidence-base-and-meta-analysis
#14
Alan Carr, Dan Hartnett, Eileen Brosnan, John Sharry
Parents Plus (PP) programs are systemic, solution-focused, group-based interventions. They are designed for delivery in clinical and community settings as treatment programs for families with child-focused problems, such as behavioral difficulties, disruptive behavior disorders, and emotional disorders in young people with and without developmental disabilities. PP programs have been developed for families of preschoolers, preadolescent children, and teenagers, as well as for separated or divorced families...
May 27, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993797/mother-child-discrepancy-in-perceived-family-functioning-and-adolescent-developmental-outcomes-in-families-experiencing-economic-disadvantage-in-hong-kong
#15
Janet T Y Leung, Daniel T L Shek, Lin Li
Though growing attention has been devoted to examining informant discrepancies of family attributes in social science research, studies that examine how interactions between mother-reported and adolescent-reported family functioning predict adolescent developmental outcomes in underprivileged families are severely lacking. The current study investigated the difference between mothers and adolescents in their reports of family functioning, as well as the relationships between mother-reported and adolescent-reported family functioning and adolescent developmental outcomes in a sample of 432 Chinese single-mother families (mean age of adolescents = 13...
October 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26859228/individual-therapy-with-a-child-of-divorced-parents
#16
REVIEW
Pauline H Jordan
This article reviews the literature on divorce as a risk factor in children's psychological development; describes common themes expressed by children presenting in treatment; and highlights the unique challenges for the child therapist working with a child of divorce, particularly those with high parental conflict and court involvement. Then, using a case example, the article describes therapeutic strategies and a treatment structure that, consistent with the ethical guidelines of the American Psychological Association (2010), focuses on developing and maintaining the therapeutic relationship to support the psychological growth of the child...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26609061/childhood-family-disruption-and-adult-height-is-there-a-mediating-role-of-puberty
#17
Paula Sheppard, Justin R Garcia, Rebecca Sear
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood family background is known to be associated with child growth and development, including the onset of puberty, but less is known about the influence of childhood family disruption on outcomes in later life. Given the associations between early family disruption and childhood development, we predicted that there may be long-term health-relevant consequences of childhood disruption. METHODOLOGY: Using data from a large US interview sample (n = 16 207), we test if death or divorce of parents, at different childhood periods, was associated with adult stature, and whether age at puberty mediated this relationship, for men and women...
2015: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26594245/the-effect-of-parental-divorce-on-the-health-of-adult-children
#18
Jason R Thomas, Robin S Högnäs
Decades of research have produced evidence that parental divorce is negatively associated with offspring outcomes from early childhood, through adolescence, and into the adult years. This study adds to the literature on the effects of parental divorce by examining how the timing of a parental divorce influences the total effect on adult health. Furthermore, we look at how this long-term effect of parental divorce depends on mediators such as the family's socioeconomic status, parental involvement, cognitive test scores, behavioural problems, smoking, and the offspring's own experience with divorce...
2015: Longitudinal and Life Course Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26565536/parental-alienation-the-impact-on-men-s-mental-health
#19
Leo Sher
Parental alienation is defined as a mental state in which a child, usually one whose parents are engaged in a high-conflict separation or divorce, allies himself strongly with one parent (the preferred parent) and rejects a relationship with the other parent (the alienated parent) without legitimate justification. Parental alienation may affect men's mental health: a) parental alienation negatively influences mental health of male children and adolescents who are victims of parental alienation. Alienated children/adolescents display guilt, sadness, and depressed mood; low self-esteem and lack of self-confidence; distress and frustration; lack of impulse control, substance abuse and delinquent behavior; separation anxiety, fears and phobias; hypochondria and increased tendency to develop psychosomatic illness; suicidal ideation and suicide attempt; sleep and eating disorders; educational problems; enuresis and encopresis; b) parental alienation negatively affects the mental health of adult men who were victims of parental alienation when they were children and/or adolescents...
November 13, 2015: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26495435/framing-a-knowledge-base-for-a-legal-expert-system-dealing-with-indeterminate-concepts
#20
Michał Araszkiewicz, Agata Łopatkiewicz, Adam Zienkiewicz, Tomasz Zurek
Despite decades of development of formal tools for modelling legal knowledge and reasoning, the creation of a fully fledged legal decision support system remains challenging. Among those challenges, such system requires an enormous amount of commonsense knowledge to derive legal expertise. This paper describes the development of a negotiation decision support system (the Parenting Plan Support System or PPSS) to support parents in drafting an agreement (the parenting plan) for the exercise of parental custody of minor children after a divorce is granted...
2015: TheScientificWorldJournal
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