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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530045/mental-health-challenges-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#1
Rachel C Vreeman, Brittany M McCoy, Sonia Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mental health is a critical and neglected global health challenge for adolescents infected with HIV. The prevalence of mental and behavioural health issues among HIV-infected adolescents may not be well understood or addressed as the world scales up HIV prevention and treatment for adolescents. The objective of this narrative review is to assess the current literature related to mental health challenges faced by adolescents living with HIV, including access to mental health services, the role of mental health challenges during transition from paediatric to adult care services and responsibilities, and the impact of mental health interventions...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530039/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-of-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-challenges-youth-friendly-models-and-outcomes
#2
Désiré Lucien Dahourou, Chloé Gautier-Lafaye, Chloe A Teasdale, Lorna Renner, Marcel Yotebieng, Sophie Desmonde, Samuel Ayaya, Mary-Ann Davies, Valériane Leroy
INTRODUCTION: The number of adolescents with perinatally or behaviourally acquired HIV is increasing in low-income countries, and especially in sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence and incidence are the highest. As they survive into adulthood in the era of antiretroviral therapy, there is a pressing need to transfer them from paediatric to adult care, known as the transition of care. We conducted a narrative review of recent evidence on their transition outcomes in Africa, highlighting the specific needs and challenges in these populations and settings, and the different models of care for transition...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526357/universal-motorcycle-helmet-laws-to-reduce-injuries-a-community-guide-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Yinan Peng, Namita Vaidya, Ramona Finnie, Jeffrey Reynolds, Cristian Dumitru, Gibril Njie, Randy Elder, Rebecca Ivers, Chika Sakashita, Ruth A Shults, David A Sleet, Richard P Compton
CONTEXT: Motorcycle crashes account for a disproportionate number of motor vehicle deaths and injuries in the U.S. Motorcycle helmet use can lead to an estimated 42% reduction in risk for fatal injuries and a 69% reduction in risk for head injuries. However, helmet use in the U.S. has been declining and was at 60% in 2013. The current review examines the effectiveness of motorcycle helmet laws in increasing helmet use and reducing motorcycle-related deaths and injuries. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Databases relevant to health or transportation were searched from database inception to August 2012...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523962/patients-experiences-with-routine-outcome-monitoring-and-clinical-feedback-systems-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-empirical-literature
#4
Stig Magne Solstad, Louis Georges Castonguay, Christian Moltu
Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) and clinical feedback (CF) systems have become important tools for psychological therapies, but there are challenges for their successful implementation. OBJECTIVE: To overcome these challenges, a greater understanding is needed about how patients experience the use of ROM/CF. METHOD: We conducted a systematic literature search of qualitative studies on patient experiences with the use of ROM/CF in mental health services. RESULTS: The findings from 16 studies were synthesized, resulting in four meta-themes: (1) Suspicion towards service providers, (2) Flexibility and support to capture complexity, (3) Empowering patients, and (4) Developing collaborative practice...
May 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522188/an-update-on-myofibromas-and-myofibromatosis-affecting-the-oral-regions-with-report-of-24-new-cases
#5
Molly Housley Smith, John D Reith, Donald M Cohen, Nadim M Islam, Kimberly T Sibille, Indraneel Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES: Myofibromas are uncommon soft tissue tumors exhibiting considerable histopathologic overlap with other benign and malignant entities. The treatment of lesions arising in the oral cavity is controversial. Here, we present 24 new cases and review the literature. STUDY DESIGN: A search for oral myofibromas was performed within the archives of the University of Florida Oral Pathology and Surgical Pathology Services (1994-2015). Demographic information and immunohistochemical results were recorded...
April 5, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521379/-compatibility-of-work-and-family-life-of-employees-in-the-healthcare-sector-an-issue-in-health-services-research
#6
Matthias Lukasczik, Jutta Ahnert, Veronika Ströbl, Heiner Vogel, Carolin Donath, Ilka Enger, Elmar Gräßel, Lena Heyelmann, Heidemarie Lux, Jochen Maurer, Dominik Özbe, Stefanie Spieckenbaum, Elzbieta Voigtländer, Manfred Wildner, Andreas Zapf, Angela Zellner, Alfons Hollederer
Background Healthcare professionals are confronted with specific work-related demands that influence work-family relations and might indirectly affect the quality of healthcare. This paper seeks to provide an overview of the current state of research on this topic of relevance to health services research. The overview may serve as a starting point for modifying structures in the healthcare system (especially in rural regions) with the aim of improving work-family compatibility. Methods A systematic national and international literature search was conducted in terms of a scoping review...
May 18, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515982/current-concepts-on-the-genetic-factors-in-rotator-cuff-pathology-and-future-implications-for-sports-physical-therapists
#7
Travis Orth, Jessica Paré, John E Froehlich
CONTEXT: Recent advances within the field of genetics are currently changing many of the methodologies in which medicine is practiced. These advances are also beginning to influence the manner in which physical therapy services are rendered. Rotator cuff pathology is one of the most common diagnoses treated by the sports physical therapist. The purpose of this commentary is to educate sports physical therapists on the recent advances regarding how genetics influences rotator cuff pathology, including rotator cuff tears, and provide a perspective on how this information will likely influence post-operative shoulder rehabilitation in the near future...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515197/models-for-estimating-and-projecting-global-regional-and-national-prevalence-and-disease-burden-of-asthma-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Mohammad Romel Bhuia, Bright I Nwaru, Christopher J Weir, Aziz Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Models that have so far been used to estimate and project the prevalence and disease burden of asthma are in most cases inadequately described and irreproducible. We aim systematically to describe and critique the existing models in relation to their strengths, limitations and reproducibility, and to determine the appropriate models for estimating and projecting the prevalence and disease burden of asthma. METHODS: We will search the following electronic databases to identify relevant literature published from 1980 to 2017: Medline, Embase, WHO Library and Information Services and Web of Science Core Collection...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513761/socioeconomic-determinants-of-access-to-health-services-among-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#9
Ana Paula Santana Coelho Almeida, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Luiz Augusto Facchini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the association between the socioeconomic characteristics and the access to or use of health services among older adults. METHODS: This is a systematic review of the literature. The search has been carried out in the databases PubMed, LILACS and Web of Science, without restriction of dates and languages; however we have included only articles published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. The inclusion criteria were: observational design, socioeconomic factors as variables of interest in the analysis of the access to or use of health services among older adults, representative sample of the target population, adjustment for confounding factors, and no selection bias...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511666/barriers-and-facilitators-of-access-to-maternal-services-for-women-with-disabilities-scoping-review-protocol
#10
Doreen Mheta, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emphasises the increasing equitable coverage of quality health care and provision of integrated services as means of reducing maternal mortality. Despite so much effort being placed on improved access to maternity health care, studies show that women with disabilities are being systemically excluded from the mainstream maternal health services. The proposed scoping review aims to map literature on the barriers and facilitators of access to maternal services for women with disabilities...
May 16, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510760/what-factors-hinder-the-decision-making-process-for-women-with-cancer-and-contemplating-fertility-preservation-treatment
#11
Georgina Jones, Jane Hughes, Neda Mahmoodi, Emily Smith, Jonathan Skull, William Ledger
BACKGROUND: Although fertility preservation (FP) treatment options have increased, the existing evidence suggests that many women with cancer do not feel well supported in making these decisions, but find them stressful and complex and fail to take up fertility care at this crucial time. Whilst existing reviews have all made important contributions to our understanding of the FP decision-making process, none of them examine solely and specifically these processes for women of reproductive age with a diagnosis of any cancer, leaving a gap in the knowledge base...
May 16, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509518/the-dental-public-health-implications-of-cosmetic-dentistry-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#12
J Doughty, R Lala, Z Marshman
INTRODUCTION: The popularity of cosmetic surgery has seen a rapid increase recently, with the trend mirrored in dentistry. The Department of Health expressed concerns about the potential for biological and psychosocial harm of these cosmetic procedures. Furthermore, the dental public health implications (DPH) of the growing uptake of cosmetic dental procedures have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: Conduct a scoping review to explore the DPH implications of cosmetic dentistry and identify gaps for future research...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508782/the-use-of-restful-web-services-in-medical-informatics-and-clinical-research-and-its-implementation-in-europe
#13
Jozef Aerts
BACKGROUND: RESTful web services nowadays are state-of-the-art in business transactions over the internet. They are however not very much used in medical informatics and in clinical research, especially not in Europe. OBJECTIVES: To make an inventory of RESTful web services that can be used in medical informatics and clinical research, including those that can help in patient empowerment in the DACH region and in Europe, and to develop some new RESTful web services for use in clinical research and regulatory review...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506665/motor-development-of-preterm-infants-assessed-by-the-alberta-infant-motor-scale-systematic-review-article
#14
REVIEW
Rubia do N Fuentefria, Rita de Cássia Silveira, Renato S Procianoy
OBJECTIVE: Premature newborns are considered at risk for motor development deficits, leading to the need for monitoring in early life. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature about gross motor development of preterm infants, assessed by the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) to identify the main outcomes in development. DATA SOURCE: Systematic review of studies published from 2006 to 2015, indexed in Pubmed, Scielo, Lilacs, and Medline databases in English and Portuguese...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506574/the-degree-of-integration-of-non-dispensing-pharmacists-in-primary-care-practice-and-the-impact-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Ankie C M Hazen, Antoinette A de Bont, Lia Boelman, Dorien L M Zwart, Johan J de Gier, Niek J de Wit, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: A non-dispensing pharmacist conducts clinical pharmacy services aimed at optimizing patients individual pharmacotherapy. Embedding a non-dispensing pharmacist in primary care practice enables collaboration, probably enhancing patient care. The degree of integration of non-dispensing pharmacists into multidisciplinary health care teams varies strongly between settings. The degree of integration may be a determinant for its success. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates how the degree of integration of a non-dispensing pharmacist impacts medication related health outcomes in primary care...
April 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503963/nominal-group-technique-for-individuals-with-cognitive-disability-a-systematic-review
#16
Ali Lakhani, David P Watling, Heidi Zeeman, Courtney J Wright, Jason Bishara
RATIONALE: Considering the perspectives of individuals with cognitive disability is important for their participation in their self-directed health care. The nominal group technique (NGT) has been identified as a method to gather opinions of people with cognitive disability; however, a synthesis of methodological considerations to undertake when employing the approach among people with cognitive disability is non-existent. METHOD: A systematic review guided by the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols was undertaken...
May 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503292/historical-influence-on-the-practice-of-chiropractic-radiology-part-i-a-survey-of-diplomates-of-the-american-chiropractic-college-of-radiology
#17
Kenneth J Young
BACKGROUND: It is known that not all chiropractors follow mainstream guidelines on the use of diagnostic ionising radiation. Various reasons have been discussed in the literature, including using radiography to screen for congenital anomalies, to perform postural analysis, to search for contraindications to spinal manipulation, and to document chiropractic subluxations, i.e., tiny anatomical displacements of vertebrae thought to affect nerves and health. The visualisation of subluxations was the reason chiropractic first adopted the x-ray in 1910...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503194/what-are-effective-strategies-for-implementing-trauma-informed-care-in-youth-inpatient-psychiatric-and-residential-treatment-settings-a-realist-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Stephanie A Bryson, Emma Gauvin, Ally Jamieson, Melanie Rathgeber, Lorelei Faulkner-Gibson, Sarah Bell, Jana Davidson, Jennifer Russel, Sharlynne Burke
BACKGROUND: Many young people who receive psychiatric care in inpatient or residential settings in North America have experienced various forms of emotional trauma. Moreover, these settings can exacerbate trauma sequelae. Common practices, such as seclusion and restraint, put young people at risk of retraumatization, development of comorbid psychopathology, injury, and even death. In response, psychiatric and residential facilities have embraced trauma-informed care (TIC), an organizational change strategy which aligns service delivery with treatment principles and discrete interventions designed to reduce rates of retraumatization through responsive and non-coercive staff-client interactions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501814/a-scoping-review-protocol-on-social-participation-of-indigenous-elders-intergenerational-solidarity-and-their-influence-on-individual-and-community-wellness
#19
Chantal Viscogliosi, Hugo Asselin, Suzy Basile, Yves Couturier, Marie-Josée Drolet, Dominique Gagnon, Jill Torrie, Mélanie Levasseur
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous elders have traditionally played an important role in maintaining social cohesion within their communities. Today, part of this role has been taken over by government social and healthcare services, but they are having limited success in addressing social challenges. Increasing elders' social participation and intergenerational solidarity might foster community development and benefit young people, families, communities and the elders themselves. However, knowledge of the contribution of elders' social participation and intergenerational solidarity to wellness is scattered and needs to be synthesised...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499378/organisational-systems-approaches-to-improving-cultural-competence-in-healthcare-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Janya McCalman, Crystal Jongen, Roxanne Bainbridge
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare organisations serve clients from diverse Indigenous and other ethnic and racial groups on a daily basis, and require appropriate client-centred systems and services for provision of optimal healthcare. Despite advocacy for systems-level approaches to cultural competence, the primary focus in the literature remains on competency strategies aimed at health promotion initiatives, workforce development and student education. This paper aims to bridge the gap in available evidence about systems approaches to cultural competence by systematically mapping key concepts, types of evidence, and gaps in research...
May 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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