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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331973/family-focused-practices-in-addictions-a-scoping-review-protocol
#1
Toula Kourgiantakis, Rachelle Ashcroft
INTRODUCTION: Families are significantly impacted by addictions and family involvement in treatment can reduce the harms and can also improve treatment entry, treatment completion and treatment outcomes for the individual coping with an addiction. Although the benefits of family-focused practices in addictions have been documented, services continue to have an individual focus and research on this topic is also limited. The objective of this study is to map the extent, range and nature of evidence available examining family interventions in addictions and identify gaps to guide future research, policy and practice...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#2
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329148/self-reported-health-status-differs-for-amazon-s-mechanical-turk-respondents-compared-with-nationally-representative-surveys
#3
Karoline Mortensen, Manuel G Alcalá, Michael T French, Tianyan Hu
BACKGROUND: Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) platform has become a data source for peer-reviewed academic research publications, with over 24,000 Google Scholar search results. Although well-developed and supportive in other disciplines, the literature in health and medicine comparing results from samples generated on MTurk to gold standard, nationally representative health and medical surveys is beginning to emerge. OBJECTIVE: To compare the demographic, socioeconomic, and self-reported health status variables in an MTurk sample to those from 2 prominent national probability surveys, including the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
January 11, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327640/who-should-be-responsible-for-supporting-individuals-with-mental-health-problems-a-critical-literature-review
#4
Megan A Pope, Ashok K Malla, Srividya N Iyer
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mental health problems have many support needs that are often inadequately met; however, perceptions of who should be responsible for meeting these needs have been largely unexplored. Varying perceptions may influence whether, how, and to what extent relevant stakeholders support individuals with mental health problems. AIMS: To critically evaluate the literature to determine who different stakeholders believe should be responsible for supporting individuals with mental health problems, what factors shape these perceptions, and how they relate to one another...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326125/hazardous-alcohol-consumption-among-spouses-or-partners-of-military-service-personnel-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Rachael Gribble, G K Thandi, L Goodwin, N T Fear
BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse is particularly high among both the UK and US Armed Forces. As alcohol use among couples is associated, military spouses or partners may therefore be at a higher risk of acquiring hazardous drinking behaviours than people in relationships with other occupational groups. METHOD: A literature review using a systematic approach was undertaken in four medical databases and supplemented with hand searches of specialist publications and reference lists...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325554/an-analysis-of-the-global-pharmacy-workforce-capacity-trends-from-2006-to-2012
#6
Ian Bates, Christopher John, Priyanka Seegobin, Andreia Bruno
BACKGROUND: Human resources for health are at a critical low. The World Health Organization estimates that the current shortage of health workers, including pharmacists, is in excess of 7.2 million worldwide and that, by 2035, the shortage will reach 12.9 million. Pharmacists, in particular, are lacking in the workforce in many countries. The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) and academic partners have conducted periodic global pharmacy workforce surveys in 2006, 2009 and 2012 which have monitored and reported on the status of the pharmacy workforce at the country and territory levels...
January 11, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324432/an-overview-of-clinical-and-health-economic-evidence-regarding-porcine-small-intestine-submucosa-extracellular-matrix-in-the-management-of-chronic-wounds-and-burns
#7
Leo M Nherera, Marco Romanelli, Paul Trueman, Valentina Dini
Small intestine submucosa (SIS) has been extensively evaluated in preclinical models and developed into commercially produced medical technologies intended for use in several different indications. The SIS extracellular matrix cellular and/or tissue-based product is a commercially available, porcine-derived SIS dressing. The purpose of this review was to consider the role of the SIS dressing in the management of chronic wounds and burns. Using a variety of search terms from the literature to describe the SIS dressing, the following databases were searched: PubMed, York Centre for Reviews and Dissemination database, National Health Service Economic Evaluation database, Health Technology Assessment database, and the Cochrane Library...
December 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324079/shorter-versus-longer-shift-durations-to-mitigate-fatigue-and-fatigue-related-risks-in-emergency-medical-services-personnel-and-related-shift-workers-a-systematic-review
#8
P Daniel Patterson, Michael S Runyon, J Stephen Higgins, Matthew D Weaver, Ellen M Teasley, Andrew J Kroemer, Margaret E Matthews, Brett R Curtis, Katharyn L Flickinger, Xiaoshuang Xun, Zhadyra Bizhanova, Patricia M Weiss, Joseph P Condle, Megan L Renn, Denisse J Sequeira, Patrick J Coppler, Eddy S Lang, Christian Martin-Gill
BACKGROUND: This study comprehensively reviewed the literature on the impact of shorter versus longer shifts on critical and important outcomes for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel and related shift worker groups. METHODS: Six databases (e.g., PubMed/MEDLINE) were searched, including one website. This search was guided by a research question developed by an expert panel a priori and registered with the PROSPERO database of systematic reviews (2016:CRD42016040099)...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324071/effect-of-task-load-interventions-on-fatigue-in-emergency-medical-services-personnel-and-other-shift-workers-a-systematic-review
#9
Jonathan R Studnek, Allison E Infinger, Megan L Renn, Patricia M Weiss, Joseph P Condle, Katharyn L Flickinger, Andrew J Kroemer, Brett R Curtis, Xiaoshuang Xun, Ayushi A Divecha, Patrick J Coppler, Zhadyra Bizhanova, Denisse J Sequeira, Eddy Lang, J Stephen Higgins, P Daniel Patterson
BACKGROUND: Modifying the task load of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel may mitigate fatigue, sleep quality and fatigue related risks. A review of the literature addressing task load interventions may benefit EMS administrators as they craft policies related to mitigating fatigue. We conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to address the following question: "In EMS personnel, do task load interventions mitigate fatigue, mitigate fatigue-related risks, and/or improve sleep?" (PROSPERO 2016:CRD42016040114)...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324070/does-implementation-of-biomathematical-models-mitigate-fatigue-and-fatigue-related-risks-in-emergency-medical-services-operations-a-systematic-review
#10
Francine O James, Lauren B Waggoner, Patricia M Weiss, P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Eddy S Lang, Hans P A Van Dongen
BACKGROUND: Work schedules like those of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel have been associated with increased risk of fatigue-related impairment. Biomathematical modeling is a means of objectively estimating the potential impacts of fatigue on performance, which may be used in the mitigation of fatigue-related safety risks. In the context of EMS operations, our objective was to assess the evidence in the literature regarding the effectiveness of using biomathematical models to help mitigate fatigue and fatigue-related risks...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324069/evidence-based-guidelines-for-fatigue-risk-management-in-emergency-medical-services
#11
P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Hans P A Van Dongen, Daniel J Buysse, Ronald W Thackery, Douglas F Kupas, David S Becker, Bradley E Dean, George H Lindbeck, Francis X Guyette, Josef H Penner, John M Violanti, Eddy S Lang, Christian Martin-Gill
BACKGROUND: Administrators of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) operations lack guidance on how to mitigate workplace fatigue, which affects greater than half of all EMS personnel. The primary objective of the Fatigue in EMS Project was to create an evidence-based guideline for fatigue risk management tailored to EMS operations. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted from 1980 to September 2016 and guided by seven research questions framed in the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) framework...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324068/reliability-and-validity-of-survey-instruments-to-measure-work-related-fatigue-in-the-emergency-medical-services-setting-a-systematic-review
#12
P Daniel Patterson, Matthew D Weaver, Anthony Fabio, Ellen M Teasley, Megan L Renn, Brett R Curtis, Margaret E Matthews, Andrew J Kroemer, Xiaoshuang Xun, Zhadyra Bizhanova, Patricia M Weiss, Denisse J Sequeira, Patrick J Coppler, Eddy S Lang, J Stephen Higgins
BACKGROUND: This study sought to systematically search the literature to identify reliable and valid survey instruments for fatigue measurement in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) occupational setting. METHODS: A systematic review study design was used and searched six databases, including one website. The research question guiding the search was developed a priori and registered with the PROSPERO database of systematic reviews: "Are there reliable and valid instruments for measuring fatigue among EMS personnel?" (2016:CRD42016040097)...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324066/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-caffeine-in-fatigued-shift-workers-implications-for-emergency-medical-services-personnel
#13
Jennifer L Temple, David Hostler, Christian Martin-Gill, Charity G Moore, Patricia M Weiss, Denisse J Sequeira, Joseph P Condle, Eddy S Lang, J Stephen Higgins, P Daniel Patterson
BACKGROUND: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) workers may experience fatigue as a consequence of shift work. We reviewed the literature to determine the impact of caffeine as a countermeasure to fatigue in EMS personnel and related shift workers. METHODS: We employed the GRADE methodology to perform a systematic literature review and search multiple databases for research that examined the impact of caffeine on outcomes of interest, such as patient and EMS personnel safety...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324053/systematic-review-methodology-for-the-fatigue-in-emergency-medical-services-project
#14
P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Patricia M Weiss, Eddy Lang, Christian Martin-Gill
BACKGROUND: Guidance for managing fatigue in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) setting is limited. The Fatigue in EMS Project sought to complete multiple systematic reviews guided by seven explicit research questions, assemble the best available evidence, and rate the quality of that evidence for purposes of producing an Evidence Based Guideline (EBG) for fatigue risk management in EMS operations. METHODS: We completed seven systematic reviews that involved searches of six databases for literature relevant to seven research questions...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322473/pharmaceutical-care-and-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-over-the-past-25%C3%A2-years-have-we-measured-dimensions-that-really-matter
#15
REVIEW
Mohammed A Mohammed, Rebekah J Moles, Timothy F Chen
Background Several measures of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) have been used to evaluate Pharmaceutical Care (PC) interventions in the past decades. However, their suitability for evaluation of PC services has not been comprehensively evaluated. Aim of the review The aim of this review was to perform content analysis of HRQoL measures used in PC studies to gain an insight into their suitability for evaluation of PC services. Method PC studies evaluating HRQoL as a primary or secondary outcomes were retrieved based on a literature search of articles published from 1990 to 2015, on Medline, Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, Cinahl, HealthStar, Cochrane Library, AUSThealth, Australian Medical Index, and Current content...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321135/acute-myocardial-infarction-readmission-risk-prediction-models-a-systematic-review-of-model-performance
#16
Lauren N Smith, Anil N Makam, Douglas Darden, Helen Mayo, Sandeep R Das, Ethan A Halm, Oanh Kieu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Hospitals are subject to federal financial penalties for excessive 30-day hospital readmissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Prospectively identifying patients hospitalized with AMI at high risk for readmission could help prevent 30-day readmissions by enabling targeted interventions. However, the performance of AMI-specific readmission risk prediction models is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We systematically searched the published literature through March 2017 for studies of risk prediction models for 30-day hospital readmission among adults with AMI...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320140/using-community-partnerships-to-integrate-health-and-social-services-for-high-need-high-cost-patients
#17
Ruben Amarashingham, Bin Xie, Albert Karam, Nam Nguyen, Bianca Kapoor
Issue: Our health care and social services delivery systems are not well-equipped to effectively manage patients with multiple chronic diseases and complex social needs such as food, housing, or substance abuse services. Community-level efforts have emerged across the nation to integrate the activities of disparate social service organizations with local health care delivery systems. Evidence on the experiences and outcomes of these programs is emerging, and there is much to learn about their approaches and challenges...
January 1, 2018: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317005/a-quantitative-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-as-a-reactive-measure-in-cholera-outbreaks
#18
Patricia Schwerdtle, Coretta-Kings Onekon, Katrina Recoche
Introduction The efficacy of oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) in laboratory conditions has been established, and the World Health Organization (WHO; Geneva, Switzerland) has recommended their preventative use in high-risk settings. The WHO recommendation has not been fully operationalized, nor has it been extended to apply to the reactive use of OCVs in real field epidemic conditions due to concerns about potential resource diversion, feasibility, cost, and acceptability. The purpose of this study is to assess and synthesize existing evidence of OCV effectiveness when used reactively in real field conditions...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316548/determinants-of-dental-care-attendance-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#19
Juliana Schaia Rocha, Letícia Yumi Arima, Renata Iani Werneck, Samuel Jorge Moysés, Márcia Helena Baldani
Despite the fact that dental care attendance during pregnancy has been recommended by guidelines and institutions, the demand for dental services is still low among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the determinants of dental care attendance during pregnancy. We performed a systematic literature search in the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Medline using relevant keywords...
January 10, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314658/comparative-assessment-of-five-trials-of-universal-hiv-testing-and-treatment-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
REVIEW
Delphine Perriat, Laura Balzer, Richard Hayes, Shahin Lockman, Fiona Walsh, Helen Ayles, Sian Floyd, Diane Havlir, Moses Kamya, Refeletswe Lebelonyane, Lisa A Mills, Velephi Okello, Maya Petersen, Deenan Pillay, Kalpana Sabapathy, Kathleen Wirth, Joanna Orne-Gliemann, François Dabis
DESIGN: Universal voluntary HIV counselling and testing followed by prompt initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all those diagnosed HIV-infected (universal test and treat, UTT) is now a global health standard. However, its population-level impact, feasibility and cost remain unknown. Five community-based trials have been implemented in sub-Saharan Africa to measure the effects of various UTT strategies at population level: BCPP/YaTsie in Botswana, MaxART in Swaziland, HPTN 071 (PopART) in South Africa and Zambia, SEARCH in Uganda and Kenya and ANRS 12249 TasP in South Africa...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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