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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904841/the-rebirth-of-cardiac-surgery-in-sudan
#1
Ahmed ElSayed, Elamin Elawad Elnur
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery is nowadays an integral part of a complete national health service. METHODS: In this paper the rebirth of cardiac surgery in Sudan from 1998 till 2007 is given by means of a literature search, personal interviews and searching hospital records. RESULTS: A summary of the initial birth of these services in 1959 till its demise in 1993 is first mentioned to set the stage for the subsequent period of sustainable growth...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903142/systematic-literature-review-of-general-health-care-interventions-within-programs-of-assertive-community-treatment
#2
Erik R Vanderlip, Benjamin F Henwood, Debra R Hrouda, Piper S Meyer, Maria Monroe-DeVita, Lynette M Studer, April J Schweikhard, Lorna L Moser
OBJECTIVE: Assertive community treatment (ACT) is one of the few evidence-based practices for adults with severe mental illness. Interest has slowly waned for ACT implementation. Yet ACT remains an appealing services platform to achieve the triple aim of health care reform (improved health outcomes, reduced cost, and improved satisfaction) through integration of primary care and behavioral health services. This review highlights the evidence for ACT to improve general medical outcomes, reduce treatment costs, and increase access to treatment...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903011/transition-risk-assessment-score-to-stratify-health-care-needs-and-interventions-in-adolescents-with-anorectal-malformations-a-pilot-study
#3
Martin J Connor, Laurie Rigueros Springford, Stefano Giuliani
Introduction Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are a complex collection of congenital disorders of the anus, rectum, and genitourinary system with possible active morbidities beyond adolescence. Aims To create the first evidence-based inclusive transition risk assessment score (TRAS) to stratify health care needs and interventions in teenagers with ARM transitioning to adult health care. Method MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched electronically for original articles containing published scoring systems evaluating children with ARM from January 1, 1990 to December 31, 2013...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895363/a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-literature-on-the-eye-health-of-marginalized-fishing-populations
#4
Khabir Ahmad, Anthony B Zwi, Daniel J M Tarantola, Bal Chand
A systematic review was conducted in December 2013 to examine the extent to which health research has been focused on the eye health issues of fishing communities. We searched multiple databases to identify relevant citations, using a combination of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and text words representing eye health, fishing populations and measures of disease frequency. The search yielded only 4 studies, described in 5 articles. Three studies (one each in Turkey, Egypt and Spain) provided data on self-reported eye problems in fishermen or fishery workers, with prevalence ranging from 38% to 81%...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891814/friendships-and-intimate-relationships-among-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-thematic-synthesis
#5
REVIEW
Casey Fulford, Virginie Cobigo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this thematic synthesis was to review qualitative studies on perspectives of persons with intellectual disabilities regarding friendships and intimate relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted, including studies published between 2004 and 2014, involving participants 14 years of age or older, who had intellectual disabilities, and participated in focus groups or interviews. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891779/using-insurance-claims-data-to-identify-and-estimate-critical-periods-in-pregnancy-an-application-to-antidepressants
#6
Elizabeth C Ailes, Regina M Simeone, April L Dawson, Emily E Petersen, Suzanne M Gilboa
BACKGROUND: Health insurance claims are a rich data source to examine medication use in pregnancy. Our objective was to identify pregnant women, their pregnancy outcomes, and date of their last menstrual period (LMP), and to estimate antidepressant dispensations in pregnancy. METHODS: From a literature search, we identified diagnosis and procedure codes indicating the end of a pregnancy. Using Truven Health MarketScan(®) Commercial Claims and Encounters Databases, we identified all inpatient admissions and outpatient service claims with these codes...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891726/everyday-conversation-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-literature-to-inform-research-and-practice
#7
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kindell, John Keady, Karen Sage, Ray Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in dementia care in recent years, including how practitioners, service providers and society in general can help individuals to live well with the condition. An important aspect to this is provision of advice to ensure conversation partners effectively support the person with dementia in conversation. AIMS: To provide a descriptive review of the literature examining everyday conversation in dementia in order to inform practice and research...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885664/haloperidol-plus-promethazine-for-psychosis-induced-aggression
#8
REVIEW
Gisele Huf, Jacob Alexander, Pinky Gandhi, Michael H Allen
BACKGROUND: Health services often manage agitated or violent people, and such behaviour is particularly prevalent in emergency psychiatric services (10%). The drugs used in such situations should ensure that the person becomes calm swiftly and safely. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether haloperidol plus promethazine is an effective treatment for psychosis-induced aggression. SEARCH METHODS: On 6 May 2015 we searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Register of Trials, which is compiled by systematic searches of major resources (including MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, BIOSIS, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed, and registries of clinical trials) and their monthly updates, handsearches, grey literature, and conference proceedings...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884180/the-impact-of-mhealth-interventions-on-health-systems-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Jill Fortuin, Faatiema Salie, Leila H Abdullahi, Tania S Douglas
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) has been described as a health enabling tool that impacts positively on the health system in terms of improved access, quality and cost of health care. The proposed systematic review will examine the impact of mHealth on health systems by assessing access, quality and cost of health care as indicators. METHODS: The systematic review will include literature from various sources including published and unpublished/grey literature...
November 25, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873322/non-medical-prescribing-versus-medical-prescribing-for-acute-and-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#10
REVIEW
Greg Weeks, Johnson George, Katie Maclure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: A range of health workforce strategies are needed to address health service demands in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Non-medical prescribing involves nurses, pharmacists, allied health professionals, and physician assistants substituting for doctors in a prescribing role, and this is one approach to improve access to medicines. OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical, patient-reported, and resource use outcomes of non-medical prescribing for managing acute and chronic health conditions in primary and secondary care settings compared with medical prescribing (usual care)...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872122/polymyxin-b-immobilised-haemoperfusion-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-with-sepsis-septic-shock-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Tomoko Fujii, Riki Ganeko, Yuki Kataoka, Robin Featherstone, Sean M Bagshaw, Toshi A Furukawa
INTRODUCTION: Polymyxin-B immobilised haemoperfusion (PMX-HP) is a promising adjuvant strategy for the treatment of sepsis and septic shock. PMX-HP therapy works by clearing circulating endotoxin through binding to polymyxin-immobilised fibres during haemoperfusion. Small clinical trials have shown that PMX-HP therapy is associated with improved haemodynamic profile, oxygenation and survival. However, clear inferences have been largely inconclusive due to limitations in study design (eg, small, unblinded) and generalisability...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872002/gender-dysphoria-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Derek Glidden, Walter Pierre Bouman, Bethany A Jones, Jon Arcelus
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing clinical recognition that a significant proportion of patients with gender dysphoria have concurrent autism spectrum disorder (ASD). AIM: The purpose of this review is to systematically appraise the current literature regarding the co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and ASD. METHODS: A systematic literature search using Medline and PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase was conducted from 1966 to July 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fifty-eight articles were generated from the search...
January 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870473/development-of-practice-guidelines-for-psychological-interventions-in-the-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-oncological-disease-breast-prostate-or-colorectal-cancer-methods-and-results
#13
Christina Reese, Joachim Weis, Dieter Schmucker, Oskar Mittag
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this project was to develop evidence- and consensus-based practice guidelines for psychological interventions in the rehabilitation of patients with oncological disease (breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer). METHODS: First of all, we conducted a literature search and survey of all oncological rehabilitation centers in Germany (N = 145) to obtain a thorough perspective of the recent evidence, guidelines, the structural framework and practice of psychological services in oncological rehabilitation...
November 21, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868300/outcomes-of-using-telehealth-for-the-provision-of-healthcare-to-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-a-systematic-review
#14
Liam J Caffery, Natalie K Bradford, Sumudu I Wickramasinghe, Noel Hayman, Anthony C Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine reported outcomes of health services delivered by telehealth to Indigenous Australians. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Searches were conducted to identify articles that reported a telehealth service used to provide clinical services to Indigenous Australians. Articles were screened for inclusion using pre-defined criteria. Findings were synthesised narratively and reported using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867891/bangladesh-national-guidelines-on-the-management-of-tuberculosis-and-diabetes-mellitus-co-morbidity-summary
#15
REVIEW
Mohammad Delwar Hossain, Jamal Uddin Ahmed, Muhammad Abdur Rahim, A K M Musa, Zafar Ahmed Latif
Tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) have synergetic relationship. People with diabetes are 2-3 times at higher risk of getting active TB disease. On the other hand, TB or anti-TB treatment may cause glucose intolerance. The dual disease of DM and TB is more likely to be associated with atypical disease presentation, higher probability of treatment failure and complications. In most of the health-care delivery systems of the world, DM and TB are managed separately by two vertical health-care delivery programs in spite of clear interaction between the two diseases...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865653/evaluation-of-school-based-dental-sealant-programs-an-updated-community-guide-systematic-economic-review
#16
REVIEW
Susan O Griffin, Shillpa Naavaal, Christina Scherrer, Mona Patel, Sajal Chattopadhyay
CONTEXT: A recently updated Community Guide systematic review of the effectiveness of school sealant programs (SSPs) still found strong evidence that SSPs reduced dental caries among schoolchildren. This follow-up systematic review updates SSP cost and benefit information from the original 2002 review. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Using Community Guide economic review methods, the authors searched the literature from January 2000 to November 20, 2014. The final body of evidence included 14 studies-ten from the current search and four with cost information from the 2002 review...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865254/a-systematic-literature-review-comparing-the-psychological-care-needs-of-patients-with-mesothelioma-and-advanced-lung-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Hannah Ball, Sally Moore, Alison Leary
PURPOSE: Psychological distress which adversely affects a person's experience of cancer has been shown to be highly prevalent in patients with mesothelioma. Historically, the assumption has been made that the evidence guiding the supportive care needs for lung cancer is relevant to those with mesothelioma. The objective of the study was to evaluate if the psychological care needs differ between patients with pleural mesothelioma and those with advanced lung cancer. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, PsycINFO databases, grey literature and the Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews identified 17 studies meeting a predefined inclusion criteria...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861343/bortezomib-based-treatment-for-multiple-myeloma-patients-with-renal-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#18
Wanqiu Zhu, Wenming Chen
BACKGROUND: Renal insufficiency is a common and severe complication of patients with multiple myeloma. The aim of this study was to evaluate bortezomib-based treatment for multiple myeloma patients with renal insufficiency. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed, ISI, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Service System, Chongqing VIP Database, and Wan Fang Data were systematically searched to identify observational studies from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2015...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861252/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-in-portugal
#19
Mário J Silva, João Valente, Tiago Capela, Pedro Russo, Filipe Calinas
The epidemiology of hepatitis B in Portugal is insufficiently characterized. We aimed to review the epidemiology of hepatitis B in Portugal since 1980. A literature review was performed in MEDLINE, Scielo, Web of Science, and the Portuguese Scientific Repository for studies containing 'Hepatitis B' and 'Portugal' published from 1980 to June 2016. The initial search was complemented by abstract books from national gastroenterology and hepatology meetings and reports from the Service for Intervention on Addictive Behaviours and Dependences, the Portuguese Blood Institute, and Directorate-General of Health...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859497/a-comparative-study-on-the-clinical-decision-making-processes-of-nurse-practitioners-vs-medical-doctors-using-scenarios-in-a-secondary-care-environment
#20
Stephen Thompson, Calvin Moorley, Julian Barratt
AIM: To investigate the decision-making skills of secondary care nurse practitioners compared with those of medical doctors. BACKGROUND: A literature review was conducted, searching for articles published from 1990 - 2012. The review found that nurse practitioners are key to the modernization of the National Health Service. Studies have shown that compared with doctors, nurse practitioners can be efficient and cost-effective in consultations. DESIGN: Qualitative research design...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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