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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928314/smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health-in-bangladesh
#1
REVIEW
Rumana Huque, M Mostafa Zaman, Syed Mahfuzul Huq, Dhirendra N Sinha
Despite the high prevalence of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use among adults in Bangladesh, SLT was not included in the Tobacco Control Law till 2013. Information on SLT use among Bangladeshi people is inadequate for policymaking and implementing effective control measures. With the aim to identify the prevalence and trends of different SLT products, health and economic impacts, manufacture, and sale of and policies related to SLT in Bangladesh, we carried out a literature review, which involved literature search, data extraction, and synthesis...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926016/policy-analysis-for-delivery-of-contagious-bovine-pleuropneumonia-control-strategies-in-sub-saharan-africa
#2
J O Onono, B Wieland, A Suleiman, J Rushton
This paper presents a policy analysis for the implementation of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) control strategies in pastoral regions of sub-Saharan Africa, where the disease is endemic. A framework for policy analysis was adapted for this review. The framework has eight principal steps: defining the context of the policy, identifying the problem to be addressed by the policy, searching for evidence of the problem, identifying policy options, projecting policy outcomes, evaluating the potential policy options, weighing their outcomes and making the policy decision...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#3
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915851/assessment-of-consent-models-as-an-ethical-consideration-in-the-conduct-of-prehospital-ambulance-randomised-controlled-clinical-trials-a-systematic-review
#4
Stephanie Armstrong, Adele Langlois, Despina Laparidou, Mark Dixon, Jason P Appleton, Philip M Bath, Helen Snooks, A Niroshan Siriwardena
BACKGROUND: We sought to understand the main ethical considerations when conducting clinical trials in the prehospital ambulance based setting. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on randomised controlled trials in ambulance settings was undertaken. A search of eight databases identified published studies involving recruitment of ambulance service users. Four independent authors undertook abstract and full-text reviews to determine eligibility and extract relevant data...
September 16, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914229/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-beta-interferon-and-glatiramer-acetate-for-treating-multiple-sclerosis-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#5
G J Melendez-Torres, Peter Auguste, Xavier Armoiry, Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Rachel Court, Jason Madan, Alan Kan, Stephanie Lin, Carl Counsell, Jacoby Patterson, Jeremy Rodrigues, Olga Ciccarelli, Hannah Fraser, Aileen Clarke
BACKGROUND: At the time of publication of the most recent National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance [technology appraisal (TA) 32] in 2002 on beta-interferon (IFN-β) and glatiramer acetate (GA) for multiple sclerosis, there was insufficient evidence of their clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To undertake (1) systematic reviews of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of IFN-β and GA in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) compared with best supportive care (BSC) and each other, investigating annualised relapse rate (ARR) and time to disability progression confirmed at 3 months and 6 months and (2) cost-effectiveness assessments of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for CIS and RRMS compared with BSC and each other...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914122/improving-health-in-prisons-from-evidence-to-policy-to-implementation-experiences-from-the-uk
#6
Jane Leaman, Anna Amelia Richards, Lynn Emslie, Eamonn Joseph O'Moore
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the components of a high-quality prison healthcare system and the impact, ten-years on, of the transfer of accountability in England, from a justice ministry to a health ministry. Design/methodology/approach A rapid the evidence review was undertaken, which included a review of 82 papers and qualitative interviews with key informants. The concepts and themes identified were summarised and analysed through a framework analysis, designed to improve population outcomes and address health inequalities...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913683/an-evidence-map-of-the-women-veterans-health-research-literature-2008-2015
#7
Elisheva R Danan, Erin E Krebs, Kristine Ensrud, Eva Koeller, Roderick MacDonald, Tina Velasquez, Nancy Greer, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Women comprise a growing proportion of Veterans seeking care at Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare facilities. VA initiatives have accelerated changes in services for female Veterans, yet the corresponding literature has not been systematically reviewed since 2008. In 2015, VA Women's Health Services and the VA Women's Health Research Network requested an updated literature review to facilitate policy and research planning. METHODS: The Minneapolis VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program performed a systematic search of research related to female Veterans' health published from 2008 through 2015...
September 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912959/research-protocol-for-a-complex-intervention-to-support-hearing-and-vision-function-to-improve-the-lives-of-people-with-dementia
#8
Iracema Leroi, Annie Pye, Christopher J Armitage, Anna Pavlina Charalambous, Fofi Constantinidou, Catherine Helmer, Ines Himmelsbach, Sarah Marié, Jahanara Miah, Suzanne Parsons, Jemma Regan, Chryssoula Thodi, Lucas Wolski, Abebaw Mengistu Yohannes, Piers Dawes
BACKGROUND: Hearing and vision impairments are among the most common and disabling comorbidities in people living with dementia. Intervening to improve sensory function could be a means by which the lives of people living with dementia may be improved. However, very few studies have tried to ameliorate outcomes in dementia by improving sensory function. This paper describes the multi-step development of a new intervention designed to support hearing and vision function in people living with dementia in their own homes...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905985/it-is-time-for-routine-screening-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-settings
#9
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Melissa S Wong
Importance: Women are 2 to 3 times more likely than men to experience depression in their lifetime, and the greatest risk occurs during the reproductive years. As an obstetrics and gynecology physician or provider, you will likely encounter women who are at risk of development or relapse of a mental disorder during this vulnerable time. Objective: The aim of this review is to examine theory and research on mood and anxiety disorders during the perinatal period with an emphasis on screening recommendations...
September 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905047/use-of-community-health-workers-and-patient-navigators-to-improve-cancer-outcomes-among-patients-served-by-federally-qualified-health-centers-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Katherine B Roland, Erin L Milliken, Elizabeth A Rohan, Amy DeGroff, Susan White, Stephanie Melillo, William E Rorie, Carmita-Anita C Signes, Paul A Young
Introduction: In the United States, disparities in cancer screening, morbidity, and mortality are well documented, and often are related to race/ethnicity and socioeconomic indicators including income, education, and healthcare access. Public health approaches that address social determinants of health have the greatest potential public health benefit, and can positively impact health disparities. As public health interventions, community health workers (CHWs), and patient navigators (PNs) work to address disparities and improve cancer outcomes through education, connecting patients to and navigating them through the healthcare system, supporting patient adherence to screening and diagnostic services, and providing social support and linkages to financial and community resources...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903977/who-mental-health-gap-action-programme-mhgap-intervention-guide-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad, Tarun Dua, Corrado Barbui, Graham Thornicroft
QUESTION: Despite mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders being highly prevalent, there is a worldwide gap between service need and provision. WHO launched its Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) in 2008, and the Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) in 2010. mhGAP-IG provides evidence-based guidance and tools for assessment and integrated management of priority MNS disorders in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), using clinical decision-making protocols. It targets a non-specialised primary healthcare audience, but has also been used by ministries, non-governmental organisations and academics, for mental health service scale-up in 90 countries...
September 13, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900665/-questionnaire-for-the-utilization-of-the-emergency-department-department-implications-for-the-patient-survey
#12
J Frick, M Möckel, M Schmiedhofer, J Searle, B Erdmann, M Erhart, A Slagman
BACKGROUND: For several years, Emergency Departments (ED) in Germany have observed increasing patient numbers, resulting in ED crowding. This leads to the question of whether patients with nonurgent conditions could also receive adequate treatment in primary care. Our objective was to develop a quantitative questionnaire to investigate in a larger patient group the reasons for this and to describe the implications for a patient survey in the ED. METHODS: The development of the questionnaire was based on a literature search and the results of the qualitative EPICS-2 study...
September 12, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899388/a-review-of-grey-and-academic-literature-of-evaluation-guidance-relevant-to-public-health-interventions
#13
Sarah Denford, Charles Abraham, Margaret Callaghan, Peter Aighton, Frank De Vocht, Steven Arris
BACKGROUND: Public Health evaluation is essential to understanding what does and does not work, and robust demonstration of effectiveness may be crucial to securing future funding. Despite this, programs are often implemented with poor, incomplete or no evaluation. Public health practitioners are frequently required to provide evidence for the effectiveness of their services; thus, there is a growing need for evaluation guidance on how to evaluate public health programs. The aim of this study is to identify accessible high-quality, evaluation guidance, available to researchers and practitioners and to catalogue, summarise and categorise the content of a subset of accessible, quality guides to evaluation...
September 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899378/prevalence-rates-of-childhood-trauma-in-medical-students-a-systematic-review
#14
Eimear King, Claire Steenson, Ciaran Shannon, Ciaran Mulholland
BACKGROUND: It is known that medical students suffer from high rates of mental health difficulties. In recent years there has been an increasing focus on the need to improve support and treatment services for those in difficulty. In order to meet these needs it is important to clarify the relevant aetiological factors. There is robust evidence from general population studies that a history of childhood trauma (including physical and sexual abuse and emotional neglect) predisposes to the subsequent development of mental health difficulties in adult life...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898740/transition-from-children-s-to-adult-services-for-young-adults-with-life-limiting-conditions-a-realist-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Helen Kerr, Jayne Price, Honor Nicholl, Peter O'Halloran
BACKGROUND: Improvements in care and treatment have led to more young adults with life-limiting conditions living beyond childhood, which means they must make the transition from children's to adult services. This has proved a challenging process for both young adults and service providers, with complex transition interventions interacting in unpredictable ways with local contexts. OBJECTIVES: To explain how intervention processes interact with contextual factors to help transition from children's to adult services for young adults with life-limiting conditions...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892946/indian-perspectives-on-graft-materials-used-for-repair-of-tympanic-membrane
#16
REVIEW
Manu Malhotra, Saurabh Varshney, Rashmi Malhotra, Poonam Joshi
INTRODUCTION: Repair of Tympanic Membrane (TM) is one of the most common surgeries performed by the otologists. Literature reveals that Indian surgeons have contributed substantially in the research on techniques and graft materials used for the repair of tympanic membrane, though no review has been written so far highlighting their contributions. AIM: To summarize and analyse the contributions of Indian authors who have used different graft materials for repair of TM and their studies listed in Medline search...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889330/desarda-s-technique-versus-lichtenstein-technique-for-the-treatment-of-primary-inguinal-hernia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
S H Emile, H Elfeki
PURPOSE: The Lichtenstein technique (LT) has been recognized as the standard treatment for inguinal hernia in adults owing to the high recurrence rates of tissue-based repairs. However, Desarda technique (DT) appeared as promising tissue-based repair that provided low incidence of recurrence without the need for implanting prosthetic or foreign materials in the inguinal canal. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing DT and LT for primary inguinal hernia in adults aimed to determine which technique had better clinical outcome regarding recurrence and complication rates...
September 9, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888504/parenting-practices-of-african-immigrants-in-destination-countries-a-qualitative-research-synthesis
#18
REVIEW
Bukola Salami, Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, Salima Meherali, Oluwakemi Amodu, Thane Chambers
PROBLEM: While studies have discussed the parenting practices and challenges of African immigrants, no paper has synthesized the results of these qualitative studies. We conducted a qualitative synthesis of the literature to summarize and interpret knowledge of African immigrants' parenting practices and challenges in destination countries to identify future directions for research, policy, and practice. ELIGIBILITY: We used a qualitative research synthesis method involving meta-summary and meta-synthesis of the literature...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886736/what-do-we-know-about-the-needs-and-challenges-of-health-systems-a-scoping-review-of-the-international-literature
#19
Federico Roncarolo, Antoine Boivin, Jean-Louis Denis, Rejean Hébert, Pascale Lehoux
BACKGROUND: While there is an extensive literature on Health System (HS) strengthening and on the performance of specific HSs, there are few exhaustive syntheses of the challenges HSs are facing worldwide. This paper reports the findings of a scoping review aiming to classify the challenges of HSs investigated in the scientific literature. Specifically, it determines the kind of research conducted on HS challenges, where it was performed, in which health sectors and on which populations...
September 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880607/mind-body-therapy-for-military-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review
#20
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun
OBJECTIVE: About a third of service members returning from post-9/11 deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq report combat-related mental health conditions, but many do not seek conventional treatment. Mind-body therapies have been offered as alternative approaches to decreasing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but no review of studies with veterans of post-9/11 operations was found. The objective of this study was to fill that gap. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was conducted following the preferred items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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