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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772872/spatial-analysis-for-the-epidemiological-study-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-literature-search
#1
Carlos Mena, Cesar Sepúlveda, Eduardo Fuentes, Yony Ormazábal, Iván Palomo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the primary cause of death and disability in de world, and the detection of populations at risk as well as localization of vulnerable areas is essential for adequate epidemiological management. Techniques developed for spatial analysis, among them geographical information systems and spatial statistics, such as cluster detection and spatial correlation, are useful for the study of the distribution of the CVDs. These techniques, enabling recognition of events at different geographical levels of study (e...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768610/factors-associated-with-the-utilization-of-dental-health-services-by-the-pediatric-population-an-integrative-review
#2
Davi Silva Carvalho Curi, Andreia Cristina Leal Figueiredo, Silvia Regina Jamelli
This integrative literature review aimed to analyze studies about factors associated with the utilization of dental health services by the pediatric population between zero and 15 years old, published between 2006 and 2016 and available in Portuguese, English or Spanish. A survey of articles in the Lilacs and Medline databases was carried out, using the search strategy: ("dental care/utilization" OR "dental health services/utilization") AND ("child" OR "child, preschool") AND NOT adult...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768112/-marvin-the-paranoid-android-the-case-of-an-alpha-pvp-user-in-the-expanding-galaxy-of-nps
#3
Simonato Pierluigi, Bulsis Laura, Negri Attilio, Bansal Gurjeet K, Pessa Gloria, Mioni Davide, Giuseppe Borgherini, Martinotti Giovanni, Schifano Fabrizio, Giulia Perini, Corazza Ornella
Alpha-PVP can be defined as a novel psychoactive substance (NPS)-more specifically, a novel synthetic cathinone with unpredictable stimulant effects in humans. "Marvin" arrived at a Dual Diagnosis Unit at Parco dei Tigli, Italy. He underwent a 30-day rehabilitation program to overcome his problematic Alpha-PVP use as a psychonaut. We conducted an online search to understand the properties of Alpha-PVP and its presence in scientific literature, reviewing official reports and the online drug market (e...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767795/quality-measurement-in-physician-staffed-emergency-medical-services-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Helge Haugland, Oddvar Uleberg, Pål Klepstad, Andreas Krüger, Marius Rehn
Purpose: Quality measurement of physician-staffed emergency medical services (P-EMS) is necessary to improve service quality. Knowledge and consensus on this topic are scarce, making quality measurement of P-EMS a high-priority research area. The aim of this review was to identify, describe and evaluate studies of quality measurement in P-EMS. Data sources: The databases of MEDLINE and Embase were searched initially, followed by a search for included article citations in Scopus...
May 15, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765338/psychotherapeutic-treatment-for-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Almut Zeeck, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Timo Brockmeyer, Gaby Resmark, Ulrich Hagenah, Stefan Ehrlich, Ulrich Cuntz, Stephan Zipfel, Armin Hartmann
Background: The aim of the study was a systematic review of studies evaluating psychotherapeutic treatment approaches in anorexia nervosa and to compare their efficacy. Weight gain was chosen as the primary outcome criterion. We also aimed to compare treatment effects according to service level (inpatient vs. outpatient) and age group (adolescents vs. adults). Methods: The data bases PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Cinahl, and PsychInfo were used for a systematic literature search (until Feb 2017)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764666/relevance-of-wild-and-managed-bees-for-human-well-being
#6
REVIEW
Alexandra-Maria Klein, Virginie Boreux, Felix Fornoff, Anne-Christine Mupepele, Gesine Pufal
Wild and managed bees provide pollination services to both crops and wild plants, and a variety of other services from which humans benefit. We summarize the most important and recent findings on bees as providers of provisioning, regulating and cultural ecosystem services. With comprehensive literature searches, we first identified ten important bee species for global pollination of crops, which include wild and managed honey bees, bumble bees, orchard-, cucumber- and longhorn bees. We second summarized bee-dependent ecosystem services to show how bees substantially contribute to food security, medical resources, soil formation or spiritual practices, highlighting their wide range of benefits for human well-being and to identify future research needs...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764420/mental-health-supported-accommodation-services-a-systematic-review-of-mental-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#7
Peter McPherson, Joanna Krotofil, Helen Killaspy
BACKGROUND: Post-deinstitutionalisation, mental health supported accommodation services have been implemented widely. The available research evidence is heterogeneous in nature and resistant to synthesis attempts, leaving researchers and policy makers with no clear summary what works and for whom. In this context, we undertook a comprehensive systematic review of quantitative studies in order to synthesise the current evidence on mental health and psychosocial outcomes for individuals residing in mental health supported accommodation services...
May 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757921/systematic-review-of-advanced-practice-nurses-skin-cancer-detection-knowledge-and-attitudes-clinical-skin-examination-lesion-detection-and-training
#8
Lois J Loescher, Delaney Stratton, Maribeth Slebodnik, Hope Goodman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Skin cancer is the most common malignancy in the United States; early detection reduces the public health burden. This systematic review updates the state of advanced practice nurses' skin cancer knowledge and attitudes, performance of and barriers to clinical skin examination (CSE), recognition of skin lesions, and related training activities. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement guided a search of eight literature databases that yielded 12 studies from 2010 to 2016...
January 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752034/validity-of-a-computerized-population-registry-of-dementia-based-on-clinical-databases
#9
J Mar, A Arrospide, M Soto-Gordoa, M Machón, Á Iruin, P Martinez-Lage, A Gabilondo, F Moreno-Izco, A Gabilondo, L Arriola
INTRODUCTION: The handling of information through digital media allows innovative approaches for identifying cases of dementia through computerized searches within the clinical databases that include systems for coding diagnoses. The aim of this study was to analyze the validity of a dementia registry in Gipuzkoa based on the administrative and clinical databases existing in the Basque Health Service. METHODS: This is a descriptive study based on the evaluation of available data sources...
May 8, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748299/drug-interaction-screening-in-swog-clinical-trials
#10
Daniel L Hertz, Rivka Siden, Jessie Modlin, Linda Lee Gabel, Siu Fun Wong
PURPOSE: The frequency and process for drug interaction (DI) screening at sites enrolling patients into SWOG clinical trials were studied. METHODS: Survey invitations were e-mailed to 180 SWOG head clinical research associates to determine the frequency of and personnel involved in DI assessment in subjects who were screened for and enrolled in clinical trials at their sites. Descriptive statistics were performed to evaluate the data. RESULTS: A total of 83 surveys recorded a response to at least 1 question, yielding an overall response rate of 46...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747651/the-effects-of-integrated-care-a-systematic-review-of-uk-and-international-evidence
#11
Susan Baxter, Maxine Johnson, Duncan Chambers, Anthea Sutton, Elizabeth Goyder, Andrew Booth
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems around the world have been responding to the demand for better integrated models of service delivery. However, there is a need for further clarity regarding the effects of these new models of integration, and exploration regarding whether models introduced in other care systems may achieve similar outcomes in a UK national health service context. METHODS: The study aimed to carry out a systematic review of the effects of integration or co-ordination between healthcare services, or between health and social care on service delivery outcomes including effectiveness, efficiency and quality of care...
May 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746475/realization-of-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-rwanda
#12
Janet Njelesani, Jenna Siegel, Emily Ullrich
This scoping study assessed the realization of the rights for persons with disabilities in Rwanda since the signing of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) in 2008. Underpinned by the five-stage framework of Arksey and O'Malley, the scoping study examined peer-reviewed literature published between 2008 and 2017. Nine electronic databases were searched using keywords specific to disability in Rwanda. Data were charted by three reviewers according to pre-determined and emergent categories...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743153/integrated-models-of-care-for-people-living-with-hepatitis-c-virus-and-a-substance-use-disorder-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#13
Lianping Ti, Stephanie Parent, María Eugenia Socías
BACKGROUND: People living with a substance use disorder (SUD) are a key population within the hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic. While integrated and community-based models of care have shown positive outcomes among this population, the literature has been primarily focused on the HIV context. This paper outlines a systematic review protocol on the impact of various integrated models of care, which includes HCV and SUD services, on various treatment, and health-related outcomes among this population...
May 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742331/youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Sarah Lytle, Andrew Hunt, Sonal Moratschek, Marcie Hall-Mennes, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVE: This comprehensive literature review summarizes reports on emergency department (ED) use by youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). DATA SOURCES: We conducted a systematic search of the PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases (1985-2016), limited to studies published in English. The following search terms were used: autism, autistic, Asperger, emergency department/room/physician/doctor/treatment/medicine, childhood developmental disorders (pervasive), and emergencies...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741728/interprofessional-healthcare-teams-in-the-military-a-scoping-literature-review
#15
Lara Varpio, Karlen S Bader, Holly S Meyer, Steven J Durning, Anthony R Artino, Meghan K Hamwey
Introduction: Research into healthcare delivered via interprofessional healthcare teams (IHTs) has uncovered that IHT can improve patient satisfaction, enhance collaborative behaviors, reduce clinical error rates, and streamline management of care delivery. Importantly, these achievements are attained by IHTs that have been trained via interprofessional education (IPE). Research indicates that interprofessional healthcare team training must be contextualized to suit the demands of each care context...
May 8, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733730/delivery-of-cascade-screening-for-hereditary-conditions-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#16
Megan C Roberts, W David Dotson, Christopher S DeVore, Erica M Bednar, Deborah J Bowen, Theodore G Ganiats, Ridgely Fisk Green, Georgia M Hurst, Alisdair R Philp, Charité N Ricker, Amy C Sturm, Angela M Trepanier, Janet L Williams, Heather A Zierhut, Katherine A Wilemon, Heather Hampel
Cascade screening is the process of contacting relatives of people who have been diagnosed with certain hereditary conditions. Its purpose is to identify, inform, and manage those who are also at risk. We conducted a scoping review to obtain a broad overview of cascade screening interventions, facilitators and barriers to their use, relevant policy considerations, and future research needs. We searched for relevant peer-reviewed literature in the period 1990-2017 and reviewed 122 studies. Finally, we described 45 statutes and regulations related to the use and release of genetic information across the fifty states...
May 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733036/a-systematic-review-of-lost-time-injuries-in-the-global-mining-industry
#17
Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia, Basem Gohar, Jennifer Casole, Carla Chidu, Jennifer Dumond, Alicia McDougall, Behnam Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Mining is a hazardous occupation with elevated rates of lost-time injury and disability. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the mining workforce, regardless of the kind of mining and 2) To examine the antecedent factors to the occupational injury (lost-time injuries). METHODS: We identified and extracted primary papers related to lost-time injuries in the mining sector by conducting a systematic search of the electronic literature in the eight health and related databases...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729556/effects-of-aromatherapy-on-dysmenorrhea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Ji-Ah Song, Mi-Kyoung Lee, Eunsil Min, Mi-Eun Kim, Geraldine Fike, Myung-Haeng Hur
OBJECTIVE: Menstrual pain is not a disease, but it is a problem that periodically makes women uncomfortable during menstrual cycles. There has been a continuing effort to alleviate menstrual cramps in the medical field. Aromatherapy, one of the alternative complementary therapies, has been used as a way to alleviate menstrual cramps, but there is still little evidence of how to use it. Therefore, in this study, we tried to find and provide the evidence of relieving effects of menstrual cramps...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726434/mobile-based-applications-and-functionalities-for-self-management-of-people-living-with-hiv
#19
Esmaeil Mehraeen, Reza Safdari, Niloofar Mohammadzadeh, Seyed Ahmad Seyedalinaghi, Siavash Forootan, Minoo Mohraz
BACKGROUND: Due to the chronicity of HIV/AIDS and the increased number of people living with HIV (PLWH), these people need the innovative and practical approaches to take advantage of high-quality healthcare services. The objectives of this scoping review were to identify the mobile-based applications and functionalities for self-management of people living with HIV. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of PubMed, Scopus, Science direct, Web of Science and Embase databases for literature published from 2010 to 2017...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726422/effectiveness-of-anonymization-methods-in-preserving-patients-privacy-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
Mostafa Langarizadeh, Azam Orooji, Abbas Sheikhtaheri
BACKGROUND: An ever growing for application of electronic health records (EHRs) has improved healthcare providers' communications, access to data for secondary use and promoted the quality of services. Patient's privacy has been changed to a great issue today since there are large loads of critical information in EHRs. Therefore, many privacy preservation techniques have been proposed and anonymization is a common one. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of anonymization in preserving patients' privacy...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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