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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722807/-the-difference-being-a-woman-made-untold-lives-in-personal-and-intellectual-context
#1
Alexandra Rutherford, Katharine Milar
To mark the 30th anniversary of the publication of Scarborough and Furumoto's classic work Untold Lives, and to honor the intellectual legacy of Elizabeth Scarborough (1935-2015), we introduce this special issue devoted to the histories of women, gender, and feminism in psychology. We provide a short biographical sketch of Elizabeth, highlighting her own marriage-career dilemma, then contextualize the publication of Untold Lives within the historiography on women in psychology at that time. We conclude by discussing intersectionality as an analytic framework for the history of psychology as a way to extend and enrich this historiography...
July 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705149/f-treegc-a-questionnaire-based-family-tree-creation-software-for-genetic-counseling-and-genome-cohort-studies
#2
Tomoharu Tokutomi, Akimune Fukushima, Kayono Yamamoto, Yasushi Bansho, Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Atsushi Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The Tohoku Medical Megabank project aims to create a next-generation personalized healthcare system by conducting large-scale genome-cohort studies involving three generations of local residents in the areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake. We collected medical and genomic information for developing a biobank to be used for this healthcare system. We designed a questionnaire-based pedigree-creation software program named "f-treeGC," which enables even less experienced medical practitioners to accurately and rapidly collect family health history and create pedigree charts...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693400/formulating-autism-systemically-part-2-a-12-year-prospective-case-study
#3
Nicky Brewerton, Katrina Robson, Patricia M Crittenden
This prospective case study illustrates the ideas on the developmental origins of some cases of autism that were described in Part 1 of this article. We explored and found support for several systemic hypotheses regarding the experience of 'Graeme' and his mother. Graeme's story is told prospectively from the age of 3 until 15. Three independent sources of information are reported: hypotheses from the literature and case review in Part 1 of this article, the school's experience, and observations from the assessments of attachment when Graeme was turning 6...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681166/does-it-matter-what-she-wants-the-role-of-individual-preferences-against-unmarried-motherhood-in-young-women-s-likelihood-of-a-nonmarital-first-birth
#4
Rachel M Shattuck
Most young people in the United States express the desire to marry. Norms at all socioeconomic levels posit marriage as the optimal context for childbearing. At the same time, nonmarital fertility accounts for approximately 40 % of U.S. births, experienced disproportionately by women with educational attainment less than a bachelor's degree. Research has shown that women's intentions for the number and timing of children and couples' intent to marry are strong predictors of realized fertility and marriage...
July 5, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649142/how-early-life-religious-exposure-relates-to-the-timing-of-first-birth
#5
Lisa D Pearce, Shannon N Davis
This paper examines intermediary processes explaining how religious socialization and involvement early in life are related to the timing of first births for women in the United States. The theory of conjunctural action forms the basis for hypotheses for how religious schema and materials operate to influence birth timing. Using the NLSY79 data and event history methods, the study finds evidence for expected family size, work-family gender ideology, educational attainment and enrollment, cohabitation, and age at marriage as mediators of associations between early life religious exposure (affiliation and attendance) and the timing of nonmaritally and maritally conceived first births...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618248/effect-of-attitudes-towards-patients-on-sexual-history-taking-a-survey-of-iranian-american-physicians-in-california-usa
#6
Mitra Rashidian, Victor Minichiello, Synnove F Knutsen, Mark Ghamsary
Background: Although obtaining sexual history from patients is essential, the attitudes of physicians can become a barrier to sexual health care. Iranian-American physicians may face particular challenges because talking about sexuality is considered a taboo within their culture. Our study examined these physicians' attitudes when taking a sexual history from their patients. Methods: In 2013, a self-administrated questionnaire was sent to 1550 Iranian-American physicians in California, USA. Using factor analysis, the principal components approach with a Varimax rotation was used on a set of 12-item questions (five-point Likert scales) to detect latent factors that explain attitudes affecting sexual history taking...
June 16, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607649/influencing-factors-in-choosing-delivery-method-iranian-primiparous-women-s-perspective
#7
Ahmad Moosavi, Sepideh Gareh Sheikhlou, Sara Gareh Sheikhlou, Kolsum Abdolahi, Leila Yaminifar, Maryam Maktabi
BACKGROUND: Studies on the primiparous mothers' decision on delivery method are limited. AIM: The aim of his study was to determine the factors that influence the choice of delivery method by Iranian primiparous women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in April through September 2014. Participants were 460 primiparous women in 8 hospitals of 4 cities in Iran. Finally, 230 cesarean section and 230 vaginal delivery women were selected...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606030/assessing-breast-cancer-risk-estimates-based-on-the-gail-model-and-its-predictors-in-qatari-women
#8
Abdulbari Bener, Funda Çatan, Hanadi R El Ayoubi, Ahmet Acar, Wanis H Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: The Gail model is the most widely used breast cancer risk assessment tool. An accurate assessment of individual's breast cancer risk is very important for prevention of the disease and for the health care providers to make decision on taking chemoprevention for high-risk women in clinical practice in Qatar. AIM: To assess the breast cancer risk among Arab women population in Qatar using the Gail model and provide a global comparison of risk assessment...
July 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588179/childhood-wilson-disease-bangladesh-perspective
#9
M Rukunuzzaman, A B Karim, M Nurullah, F Sultana, M W Mazumder, M A Rahman, S B Billah, F Begum, M Oliullah
Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder affecting copper metabolism causing copper induced damage to various organs. In children liver is commonly involved. Central nervous system, eyes, RBC, kidneys, brain and bones may also be affected. Aim of the study is to evaluate clinical & laboratory profile of Wilson's disease in children. This cross sectional descriptive study was conducted at the department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh, from January 2011 to December, 2013...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567284/ethnically-tibetan-women-in-nepal-with-low-hemoglobin-concentration-have-better-reproductive-outcomes
#10
Jang Ik Cho, Buddha Basnyat, Choongwon Jeong, Anna Di Rienzo, Geoff Childs, Sienna R Craig, Jiayang Sun, Cynthia M Beall
Background and objectives: Tibetans have distinctively low hemoglobin concentrations at high altitudes compared with visitors and Andean highlanders. This study hypothesized that natural selection favors an unelevated hemoglobin concentration among Tibetans. It considered nonheritable sociocultural factors affecting reproductive success and tested the hypotheses that a higher percent of oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (indicating less stress) or lower hemoglobin concentration (indicating dampened response) associated with higher lifetime reproductive success...
2017: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550462/a-case-control-study-of-the-risk-factors-for-obstetric-fistula-in-tigray-ethiopia
#11
L Lewis Wall, Shewaye Belay, Tesfahun Haregot, Jonathan Dukes, Eyoel Berhan, Melaku Abreha
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We tested the null hypothesis that there were no differences between patients with obstetric fistula and parous controls without fistula. METHODS: A unmatched case-control study was carried out comparing 75 women with a history of obstetric fistula with 150 parous controls with no history of fistula. Height and weight were measured for each participant, along with basic socio-demographic and obstetric information. Descriptive statistics were calculated and differences between the groups were analyzed using Student's t test, Mann-Whitney U test where appropriate, and Chi-squared or Fisher's exact test, along with backward stepwise logistic regression analyses to detect predictors of obstetric fistula...
May 26, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482752/childhood-family-structure-and-women-s-adult-overweight-risk-a-longitudinal-study
#12
M Pia Chaparro, Xavier de Luna, Jenny Häggström, Anneli Ivarsson, Urban Lindgren, Karina Nilsson, Ilona Koupil
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether women's adult overweight and obesity risk was associated with their childhood family structure, measured as their mothers' marital status history, during the women's first 18 years of life. METHODS: Using linked register data, we analyzed 30,584 primiparous women born in Sweden in 1975 who were between 19-35 years of age when their height and pre-pregnancy weight was recorded. The outcomes were women's overweight/obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and the predictor was mothers' marital status history, which was summarized using sequence analysis...
July 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470364/sacral-nerve-stimulation-for-constipation-history-of-an-unconsummated-marriage
#13
EDITORIAL
J Martellucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458548/metabolic-screening-and-its-impact-in-children-with-nonsyndromic-intellectual-disability
#14
Yasser F Ali, Salah El-Morshedy, Riad M Elsayed, Amr M El-Sherbini, Saber Am El-Sayed, Nasser Ismail A Abdelrahman, Abdulbasit Abdulhalim Imam
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the value of routine metabolic screening tests in children with an intellectual disability (ID) and its impact on improving their outcome and quality of life through appropriate intervention and treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pediatric Neurology Clinic, Al Khafji Joint Operations Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 150 children with nonsyndromic ID (66% males) in the age range of 5-17 years were compared with 50 apparently healthy age- and sex-matched controls...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458501/early-pubertal-timing-and-childhood-family-adversity-interact-to-predict-newlywed-women-s-anxiety-symptoms
#15
Jeffrey P Winer, Sally I Powers, Paula R Pietromonaco
The contextual amplification hypothesis posits that girls' early pubertal timing will predict anxiety and depression symptoms most strongly when early puberty occurs under adverse conditions. Research supporting this hypothesis has consistently linked early pubertal timing occurring in adverse contexts to symptoms during adolescence, but little is known about the link to adult symptoms. The present study examined the extent to which women's reports of early pubertal timing and childhood family adversity interact to predict symptoms of anxiety and depression during the first two years of marriage...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456889/childhood-hereditary-ataxias-experience-from-a-tertiary-referral-university-hospital-in-turkey
#16
Elif Acar Arslan, Rahşan Göçmen, Kader Karlı Oğuz, Gökçen Düzgün Konuşkan, Esra Serdaroğlu, Haluk Topaloğlu, Meral Topçu
Hereditary ataxias are a group of genetic disorders that are progressive and heterogeneous. The purpose of this study was to develop a practical and time-efficient approach to diagnosing childhood hereditary ataxias by analyzing characteristics and final diagnosis at a tertiary referral clinic for pediatric neurology. 196 patients admitted to the pediatric neurology department were included. The medical records were examined for demographic features, neurological, laboratory, electrophysiological, cranial imaging, and pathological findings, and for genetic studies...
April 29, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441826/-a-childhood-onset-rapid-onset-dystonia-parkinsonism-family-with-atp1a3-gene-mutation-and-literatures-review
#17
C L Zhang, F Yin, F He, N Gai, Z Q Shi, J Peng
Objective: To explore clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of a family with childhood-onset rapid-onset dystonia parkinsonism (RDP) caused by ATP1A3 gene mutation and review literatures. Method: The clinical data of a RDP child, his brother and mother had been analyzed retrospectively. This family was admitted to Xiangya Hospital in January 2016. DNA samples were analyzed by the next-generation sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Related literature from PubMed, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), CNKI and Wanfang databases to date (up to October 2016) with"Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism"RDP"DYT12" as key words was reviewed...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435477/acrodermatitis-enteropathica-in-a-pair-of-twins
#18
Abdullatif Al Rashed, Mohja Al Shehri, Feroze Kaliyadan
BACKGROUND: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder. First described by Brandt in 1936 and was named by Danbolt. A mutation in the SLC39A4 gene on chromosome 8 q24.3 is responsible for this disorder, which encodes zinc transporter Zip4. The diagnosis is made by the clinical presentation and histopathology and laboratory tests. In this case, we reported a twin presented with a typical rash and low zinc level. To our knowledge, very few cases reported as a twin with typical acrodermatitis enteropathica presentation...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416034/cohabitation-and-union-dissolution-in-central-uganda-differences-between-cohabitors-and-non-cohabitors
#19
Charles Lwanga, Ishmael Kalule-Sabiti, Natal Ayiga
The aim of this paper was to establish whether the differences in the risks of union dissolution between cohabitors and non-cohabitors in Uganda have converged over time using event history data. Data were collected in 2013 from 1200 women in central Uganda using retrospective methods. Of these, 839 provided information on three types of first union: women who married directly (without first cohabiting), those who married following cohabitation and those who were still cohabiting. The data were analysed using decrement lifetable analysis...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402722/prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-urban-slums-the-aditya-jyot-diabetic-retinopathy-in-urban-mumbai-slums-study-report-2
#20
Mohan Sunita, Arvind Kumar Singh, Ashwini Rogye, Manish Sonawane, Ravina Gaonkar, Radhika Srinivasan, Sundaram Natarajan, Fred C J Stevens, A J J A Scherpbier, Govindasamy Kumaramanickavel, Catherine McCarty
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to estimate the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and enumerate history-based risk factors in the urban slums of Western India. METHODS: The population-based study was conducted in seven wards of Mumbai urban slums, where we screened 6569 subjects of ≥ 40 years age, with a response rate of 98.4%, for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on American Diabetes Association criteria. All subjects with T2DM underwent dilated 30° seven-field stereo-fundus-photography for DR severity grading based on modified Airlie House classification...
April 12, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
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