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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416034/cohabitation-and-union-dissolution-in-central-uganda-differences-between-cohabitors-and-non-cohabitors
#1
Charles Lwanga, Ishmael Kalule-Sabiti, Natal Ayiga
The aim of this paper was to establish whether the differences in the risks of union dissolution between cohabitors and non-cohabitors in Uganda have converged over time using event history data. Data were collected in 2013 from 1200 women in central Uganda using retrospective methods. Of these, 839 provided information on three types of first union: women who married directly (without first cohabiting), those who married following cohabitation and those who were still cohabiting. The data were analysed using decrement lifetable analysis...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402722/prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-urban-slums-the-aditya-jyot-diabetic-retinopathy-in-urban-mumbai-slums-study-report-2
#2
Mohan Sunita, Arvind Kumar Singh, Ashwini Rogye, Manish Sonawane, Ravina Gaonkar, Radhika Srinivasan, Sundaram Natarajan, Fred C J Stevens, A J J A Scherpbier, Govindasamy Kumaramanickavel, Catherine McCarty
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to estimate the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and enumerate history-based risk factors in the urban slums of Western India. METHODS: The population-based study was conducted in seven wards of Mumbai urban slums, where we screened 6569 subjects of ≥ 40 years age, with a response rate of 98.4%, for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on American Diabetes Association criteria. All subjects with T2DM underwent dilated 30° seven-field stereo-fundus-photography for DR severity grading based on modified Airlie House classification...
April 12, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392971/the-occurrence-and-traumatic-impact-of-sexual-revictimization-in-newlywed-couples
#3
David DiLillo, Anna E Jaffe, Laura E Watkins, James Peugh, Amanda Kras, Christopher Campbell
The present study examines whether individuals with a history of child sexual abuse are at risk of sexual revictimization in marriage and, if so, whether these experiences are associated with increased trauma symptomatology. Two hundred heterosexual newlywed couples were recruited from marriage license records and completed self-report assessments of past sexual victimization and sexual coercion within the marital dyad. Actor-Partner Interdependence Models revealed that, compared to non-victims, women with a history of child sexual abuse (CSA) experienced more acts of sexual coercion by their husbands during the past year...
December 2016: Couple & Family Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388848/factors-associated-with-pregnancy-related-knowledge-in-women-of-reproductive-age-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Ko Eun Lee, Sung-Ae Jung, Hyuk Yoon, Sang Hyoung Park, Chang Mo Moon, Eun Soo Kim, Seong-Eun Kim, Suk-Kyun Yang
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) usually develops at a young age, and many women experience marriage, pregnancy, and delivery during the disease course. We aimed to evaluate the pregnancy-related knowledge of women with IBD in Korea and investigate the associated factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 270 women with IBD, aged 19-45 years, from four tertiary hospitals in Korea were administered a questionnaire comprising 17 questions from the validated Crohn's and Colitis Pregnancy Knowledge Score (CCPKnow) that were translated into Korean...
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364848/the-adolescent-family-environment-and-cohabitation-across-the-transition-to-adulthood
#5
Maggie L Thorsen
This study draws upon a sample of men and women from Waves I and IV of Add Health to examine the linkages between the adolescent family environment and cohabitation behavior across the transition to adulthood. Using event history modeling the current paper considers the association between a variety of family factors and both the timing of first cohabiting unions and their outcomes (marriage, break up, still cohabiting). This paper also considers whether the impact of predictors for cohabitation timing and outcomes varies depending on the age of individuals...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320359/chronic-cough-conundrum-a-case-report-of-a-new-diagnosis-of-hiv-and-pulmonary-kaposi-s-sarcoma
#6
Pamela P Bailey, Marylou M Dryer, John P Piper, Sajjad Ahmad
BACKGROUND: When evaluating a common complaint such as cough, clinicians should rely on a patient's history and physical to guide them, but also not diverge from guidelines in screening and testing lest certain diagnoses be overlooked. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44 year old Hispanic male presented to a pulmonologist's office after failing multiple courses of antibiotics for chronic cough, now six months in duration. He described intermittent scant hemoptysis and an evanescent migratory non-pruritic rash occasionally noted on his trunk or limbs...
March 20, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289591/the-genetic-background-of-southern-iranian-couples-before-marriage
#7
A Nariman, M R Sobhan, M Savaei, E Aref-Eshghi, R Nourinejad, M Manoochehri, S Ghahremani, F Daliri, K Daliri
Genetic service for couples plays an increasingly important role in diagnosis and risk management. This study investigated the status of consanguinity and the medical genetic history (effectiveness and coverage of medical genetic services) in couples residing in a city in southern Iran. We questioned couples who were referred to Behbahan Marital Counseling Center, Behbahan, Iran, during the period from January to November 2014, to obtain information on consanguinity, disease history, and previous referral to a medical genetics center...
December 1, 2016: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279140/alternative-visions-for-pastoral-work-with-lgbtq-individuals-families-and-communities-a-response
#8
Joretta L Marshall
Multiple theological perspectives provide frameworks for pastoral work with lesbian, gay, bisesxual and trans individuals, families, and communities. One model is offered by those who argue for celibacy or heterosexual marriages for those who self-identify as part of LGBTQ communities. This article names other theologically grounded perspectives with the goal of inviting practitioners to broaden their understandings and wrestle with the implications of their theological and ethical stances. When reflecting on the intersection of spirituality and sexuality, the meaning of theological terms such as sin, contributions from queer theologians and pastoral counselors, and the limitations of binary categories common in our theological history, this article encourages pastoral counselors and spiritual care providers to re-examine theological assumptions they bring to their work...
March 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275287/influence-of-heterogamy-by-religion-on-risk-of-marital-dissolution-a-cohort-study-of-20-000-couples
#9
David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Dermot O'Reilly
Heterogamous marriages, in which partners have dissimilar attributes (e.g. by socio-economic status or ethnicity), are often at elevated risk of dissolution. We investigated the influences of heterogamy by religion and area of residence on risk of marital dissolution in Northern Ireland, a country with a history of conflict and residential segregation along Catholic-Protestant lines. We expected Catholic-Protestant marriages to have elevated risks of dissolution, especially in areas with high concentrations of a single religious group where opposition to intermarriage was expected to be high...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272068/rare-disease-heralded-by-pulmonary-manifestations-avoiding-pitfalls-of-an-asthma-label
#10
S Bajaj, M Muranjan, S Karande, D Prabhat
Pulmonary manifestations are seldom recognized as symptoms of storage disorders. The report describes the diagnostic journey in a 30-month-old male infant, born of a third-degree consanguineous marriage referred to our institute as severe persistent asthma. History revealed that the child had progressively worsening breathlessness and persistent dry cough not associated with fever but accompanied by weight loss. On physical examination, there was growth failure, respiratory distress, clubbing, hepatosplenomegaly, and occasional rhonchi...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258656/a-novel-missense-mutation-q495k-of-slc26a3-gene-identified-in-a-chinese-child-with-congenital-chloride-losing-diarrhoea
#11
Hongmei Guo, Bi-Xia Zheng, Yu Jin
A partially-breastfed male baby aged 11 months and 22 days was admitted as he had been passing loose stools since birth and had experienced occasional vomiting and failure to thrive. He passed watery stools 8-10 times per day, but there was no blood or mucous. The parents were healthy and their marriage was nonconsanguineous. The antenatal and birth history included polyhydramnios and premature delivery at 35 weeks of gestation. The baby's birthweight was 2.3kg (P23). He was hospitalised several times for persistent diarrhoea before coming to our hospital, but had no episodes of intestinal pseudo-obstruction...
March 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208841/assessment-of-correlation-between-sweat-chloride-levels-and-clinical-features-of-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#12
Manzoor A Raina, Mosin S Khan, Showkat A Malik, Ab Hameed Raina, Mudassir J Makhdoomi, Javed I Bhat, Syed Mudassar
INTRODUCTION: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder and the incidence of this disease is undermined in Northern India. The distinguishable salty character of the sweat belonging to individuals suffering from CF makes sweat chloride estimation essential for diagnosis of CF disease. AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to elucidate the relationship of sweat chloride levels with clinical features and pattern of CF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 182 patients, with clinical features of CF were included in this study for quantitative measurement of sweat chloride...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194268/filipino-women-s-diet-and-health-study-filwhel-design-and-methods
#13
Grace P Abris, Sangmo Hong, Sherlyn Mae P Provido, Jung Eun Lee, Chang Beom Lee
BACKGROUND: Immigration to South Korea from neighboring Asian countries has risen dramatically, primarily due to marriage between Korean men and foreign women. Although Filipino women rank fourth among married immigrant women, little is known about the health condition of this population. This manuscript focuses on the design and methods of Filipino women's diet and health study (FiLWHEL). SUBJECTS/METHODS: FiLWHEL is a cohort of Filipino women married to Korean men, aged 19 years old or over...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178283/behavioral-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-in-bangui-of-central-african-republic-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#14
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Henok Kessete Afewerky, Cavin Bekolo, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Antoine Doui Doumgba, Christian Diamont Mossoro-Kpinde, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Jianyuan Zhang, Shaojun Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu, Boniface Koffi
Breast cancer is recognized as a major public health problem in developing countries; however, there is very little evidence of behavioral factors associated with breast cancer risk. This study was conducted to identify lifestyles as risk factors for breast cancer among Central African women. A case-control study was conducted with 174 cases confirmed histologically by the pathology unit of the National Laboratory and 348 age-matched controls. Data collection tools included a questionnaire with interviews and medical records of patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123333/clinical-molecular-and-genetic-evaluation-of-galactosemia-in-turkish-children
#15
Sezen Ugan Atik, Semra Gürsoy, Tuba Koçkar, Hasan Önal, Servet Erdal Adal
AIM: Galactosemia is a carbohydrate metabolism disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance. The most frequent enzyme deficiency is galactose-1-phosphate-uridylytransferase, which causes classic galactosemia. When the enzyme is absent, an infant cannot metabolize galactose-1-phosphate and it cumulates in liver, kidney, brain, tongue, lens, and skin. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and molecular characteristics of patients with galactosemia, which is observed more frequently in our country than anywhere else in the world...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103713/divorce-and-the-onset-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-swedish-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-study
#16
Kenneth S Kendler, Sara Larsson Lönn, Jessica Salvatore, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the magnitude and nature of the relationship between divorce and risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHOD: In a population-based Swedish sample of married individuals (N=942,366), the authors examined the association between divorce or widowhood and risk for first registration for AUD. AUD was assessed using medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: Divorce was strongly associated with risk for first AUD onset in both men (hazard ratio=5...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095932/the-role-of-marriage-in-criminal-recidivism-a-longitudinal-and-co-relative-analysis
#17
K S Kendler, S L Lönn, J Sundquist, K Sundquist
AIMS: Marriage is associated with a reduced rate of criminal recidivism, but the underlying mechanisms have only partly been elucidated. We seek to clarify the nature of the association between marriage and recidivism and how that relationship may be moderated as a function of gender, deviance of spouse, a history of violence and familial risk. METHOD: We utilise a longitudinal cohort design consisting of Swedish men (n = 239 328) and women (n = 72 280), born between 1958 and 1986, who were convicted of at least one crime before age 20 and were not married prior to age 20...
January 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078621/is-stepfamily-status-associated-with-cohabiting-and-married-women-s-fertility-behaviors
#18
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Children from prior relationships potentially complicate fertility decision-making in new cohabitations and marriages. On the one hand, the "value of children" perspective suggests that unions with and without stepchildren have similar-and deliberate-reasons for shared childbearing. On the other hand, multipartnered fertility (MPF) research suggests that childbearing across partnerships is often unintended. Using the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth and event-history models, I examine the role of stepfamily status on cohabiting and married women's fertility and birth intendedness, with attention to union type and stepfamily configuration...
February 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068116/the-crowded-life-is-a-slow-life-population-density-and-life-history-strategy
#19
Oliver Sng, Steven L Neuberg, Michael E W Varnum, Douglas T Kenrick
The world population has doubled over the last half century. Yet, research on the psychological effects of human population density, once a popular topic, has decreased over the past few decades. Applying a fresh perspective to an old topic, we draw upon life history theory to examine the effects of population density. Across nations and across the U.S. states (Studies 1 and 2), we find that dense populations exhibit behaviors corresponding to a slower life history strategy, including greater future-orientation, greater investment in education, more long-term mating orientation, later marriage age, lower fertility, and greater parental investment...
May 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054799/the-risk-for-marital-infidelity-across-a-year-long-deployment
#20
Christina Balderrama-Durbin, Kimberley Stanton, Douglas K Snyder, Jeffrey A Cigrang, G Wayne Talcott, Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Daniel G Cassidy
Military deployment can create significant relationship strain. Although most couples navigate the challenges of deployment successfully, this period may render some couples more vulnerable to adverse relationship outcomes such as infidelity due to a convergence of factors including geographic separation and reduced emotional and physical intimacy. Despite anecdotal reports of increased rates of infidelity during deployment, empirical findings are lacking. This study used a prospective design to examine the prevalence and risk factors of infidelity across the deployment cycle including a year-long deployment to Iraq...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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