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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335657/changing-gender-norms-and-marriage-dynamics-in-the-united-states
#1
Léa Pessin
Using a regional measure of gender norms from the General Social Surveys together with marital histories from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, this study explored how gender norms were associated with women's marriage dynamics between 1968 and 2012. Results suggested that a higher prevalence of egalitarian gender norms predicted a decline in marriage formation. This decline was, however, only true for women without a college degree. For college-educated women, the association between gender norms and marriage formation became positive when gender egalitarianism prevailed...
February 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335644/runs-of-homozygosity-windows-into-population-history-and-trait-architecture
#2
REVIEW
Francisco C Ceballos, Peter K Joshi, David W Clark, Michèle Ramsay, James F Wilson
Long runs of homozygosity (ROH) arise when identical haplotypes are inherited from each parent and thus a long tract of genotypes is homozygous. Cousin marriage or inbreeding gives rise to such autozygosity; however, genome-wide data reveal that ROH are universally common in human genomes even among outbred individuals. The number and length of ROH reflect individual demographic history, while the homozygosity burden can be used to investigate the genetic architecture of complex disease. We discuss how to identify ROH in genome-wide microarray and sequence data, their distribution in human populations and their application to the understanding of inbreeding depression and disease risk...
January 15, 2018: Nature Reviews. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321709/the-probable-prevalence-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-specific-learning-disorder-in-primary-school-children-in-edirne
#3
Işık Görker, Leyla Bozatli, Ümran Korkmazlar, Meltem Yücel Karadağ, Cansın Ceylan, Ceren Söğüt, Hasan Cem Aykutlu, Büşra Subay, Nesrin Turan
Introduction: The aim of this study was to research the probable prevalence of Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) in primary school children in Edirne City and the relationships with their sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: The sample of our study was composed of 2,174 children who were educated in primary schools in second, third, and fourth grades in the academic year 2013-2014 in Edirne City. The teachers and parents of these children were given Specific Learning Difficulties Symptom Scale, Learning Disabilities Symptoms Checklist (teacher and parent forms), and sociodemographic data forms to fill in...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318032/family-planning-use-and-its-associated-factors-among-women-in-the-extended-postpartum-period-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#4
Almaz Yirga Gebremedhin, Yigzaw Kebede, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Yohannes Ayanaw Habitu
Background: Postpartum period is an important entry point for family planning service provision; however, women in Ethiopia are usually uncertain about the use of family planning methods during this period. Limited studies have been conducted to assess postpartum family planning use in Addis Ababa, in particular and in the country in general. So, this study was conducted to assess postpartum family planning use and its associated factors among women in extended postpartum period in Kolfe Keranyo sub city of Addis Ababa...
2018: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294908/exploring-the-prevalence-and-correlates-associated-with-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-in-bangladesh
#5
Md Jahirul Islam, Paul Mazerolle, Lisa Broidy, Kathleen Baird
Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is known to have multiple detrimental consequences for the woman and potentially for her unborn child. However, little is known about the nature and extent of IPV during pregnancy, particularly in developing countries, which compromises efforts to address the problem. Relying on population-based data, this article examines the extent, patterns, and correlates associated with physical, sexual, and psychological IPV during pregnancy in Bangladesh. Cross-sectional survey data were collected between October 2015 and January 2016 from 426 new mothers, aged 15 to 49 years, who were in the first 6 months postpartum...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294832/domestic-violence-against-women-working-in-four-educational-hospitals-in-iran
#6
Hojat Sheikhbardsiri, Ahmadreza Raeisi, Gholamreza Khademipour
Domestic violence is a serious threat to the health of women in the world and derives from several factors. Therefore, due to the importance of this issue, this study aimed to determine domestic violence against women in four educational hospitals in Iran as a Muslim country. The study employed a cross-sectional design and was conducted in four educational hospitals supervised by the Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2016. Using a researcher-made questionnaire, we assessed factors associated with domestic violence in female employees using a census method ( N = 400)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294772/factors-associated-with-domestic-violence-against-women-in-iran-an-exploratory-multicenter-community-based-study
#7
Mohsen Saffari, Syed Asadullah Arslan, Mir Saeid Yekaninejad, Amir H Pakpour, Faten Al Zaben, Harold G Koenig
Domestic violence against women committed by intimate partners is a worldwide concern especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the problem among Iranian women and identify associated risk factors. Using a cross-sectional multicenter design, 1,600 women in six different areas of Iran were surveyed. A measure of domestic violence against women was administered and demographic information collected. Logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with domestic violence...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284406/an-additive-effect-of-leading-role-in-the-organization-between-social-participation-and-dementia-onset-among-japanese-older-adults-the-ages-cohort-study
#8
Yuta Nemoto, Tami Saito, Satoru Kanamori, Taishi Tsuji, Kokoro Shirai, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Kazushi Maruo, Takashi Arao, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Several previous studies reported social participation may reduce the incident of dementia; therefore, the type of positions held in the organization may relate to dementia onset. However, this hypothesis remains largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to examine the additive effect of a leadership position in the organization on dementia onset and social participation among elderly people in a local community, according to data from a Japanese older adults cohort study...
December 29, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283643/-let-s-get-in-formation-on-becoming-a-psychologist-activist-in-the-21st-century
#9
Kevin L Nadal
Throughout the history of the United States, there have been many social movements that have resulted in an array of historic societal outcomes-ranging from the end of racial segregation to women's voting rights to the legalization of same-sex marriages. Despite the positive outcomes derived from political activism, many psychologists have struggled with how to advocate for social justice while maintaining their professional responsibilities and ethical boundaries. The current article reviews the historical ways that psychologists have participated in political movements-from the use of psychological research in landmark U...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245039/prenatal-arsenic-exposure-child-marriage-and-pregnancy-weight-gain-associations-with-preterm-birth-in-bangladesh
#10
Mohammad L Rahman, Molly L Kile, Ema G Rodrigues, Linda Valeri, Anita Raj, Maitreyi Mazumdar, Golam Mostofa, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Mahmudur Rahman, Russ Hauser, Andrea Baccarelli, Liming Liang, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a disease of multifactorial etiologies that has environmental, social, and maternal health components. Individual studies have shown that exposure to arsenic contaminated drinking water, child marriage, and low maternal weight gain during pregnancy contribute to preterm birth. These factors are highly prevalent and often co-exist in Bangladesh, a country in South Asia with one of the world's highest prevalences of preterm birth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the individual and interactive effects of prenatal arsenic exposure, child marriage, and pregnancy weight gain on preterm birth in a prospective birth cohort in Bangladesh...
December 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199907/gaydar-marriage-and-rip-roaring-homosexuals-discourses-about-homosexuality-in-dear-abby-and-ann-landers-advice-columns-1967-1982
#11
Patrick M Johnson, Kwame A Holmes
Over the past 70 years, the history of acceptance of the Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) community within the United States has seen much change and fluctuation. One of the places that this dialogue has been preserved is through the syndicated advice columns of Dear Abby and Ann Landers, in which individuals in the United States were writing in for advice to deal with their anxiety over a newly emerging and highly visible new community of individuals once considered to be mentally ill and dangerous. Using discourse analysis, this article traces the evolution of public and scientific opinions about the LGBT community during the years leading up to the Stonewall riots all the way to right before the AIDs epidemic...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184644/incidence-of-neonatal-hyperphenylalaninemia-based-on-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-confirmatory-technique-in-mazandaran-province-northern-iran-2007-2015
#12
Ali Abbaskhanian, Daniel Zamanfar, Parvaneh Afshar, Einollah Asadpoor, Hamed Rouhanizadeh, Ali Jafarnia, Mohammad Shokzadeh
Background: Classic phenylketonuria (PKU) is a metabolic disorder. The purpose of this study was to assess epidemiological factors of PKU phenotypes in a neonatal screening program for Mazandaran, Iran. Methods: In this descriptive-retrospective study from 2007 to 2015, neonates PKU level was conducted by phenylalanine level based on a biochemical technique by ELISA and then by confirmatory methods high performance liquid chromatography. Results: Of the 407,244 screened newborns (48...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159722/inbreeding-in-southeastern-spain-the-impact-of-geography-and-demography-on-marital-mobility-and-marital-distance-patterns-1900-1969
#13
R Calderón, C L Hernández, G García-Varela, D Masciarelli, P Cuesta
In this paper, the structure of a southeastern Spanish population was studied for the first time with respect to its inbreeding patterns and its relationship with demographic and geographic factors. Data on consanguineous marriages (up to second cousins) from 1900 to 1969 were taken from ecclesiastic dispensations. Our results confirm that the patterns and trends of inbreeding in the study area are consistent with those previously observed in most non-Cantabrian Spanish populations. The rate of consanguineous marriages was apparently stable between 1900 and 1935 and then sharply decreased since 1940, which coincides with industrialization in Spain...
November 20, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143571/enabling-positive-change-progress-and-setbacks-in-hiv-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights
#14
Purnima Mane, Peter Aggleton
At a point in history when the future of sexual and reproductive health including HIV looks particularly uncertain, it is helpful to recognise that many of the challenges currently faced are neither new nor insurmountable. Reflecting on past achievements and lessons learned helps us to have confidence that positive change is feasible. This paper reflects on some of the changes observed in countries like India and Mozambique and identifies a range of factors which need to coalesce to enable these developments, along with specific contextual factors...
November 16, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137944/reproductive-factors-nutritional-status-and-serum-25-oh-d-levels-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#15
REVIEW
Nighat Y Sofi, Monika Jain, Umesh Kapil, Vuthaluru Seenu, Lakshmy R, Chander P Yadav, Ravindra M Pandey, Neha Sareen
The study was conducted with an objective to investigate the association between reproductive factors, nutritional status and serum 25(OH)D levels among women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC). A total of 200 women with BC attending a tertiary healthcare institute of Delhi, India matched with 200 healthy women for age (±2years) and socio economic status were included in the study. Data was collected on socio-demographic profile, reproductive factors, physical activity and dietary intake (24h dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire) using interviewer administered structured questionnaires and standard tools...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136741/-characteristics-of-non-marital-and-non-commercial-heterosexual-transmission-of-hiv-infection-in-miao-dong-autonomous-prefecture-of-qiandongnan
#16
Q Y Yu, F L Wang, P Xu, H J Wen, Y X Xiong, J Yang, Y Long, H J He, J Shi, P Lyu
Objective: The goal of this research was to understand the demographic distribution and related factors of non-marital and non-commercial heterosexual transmission (non-commercial transmission) for HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Methods: Data related to HIV/AIDS infected by non-marital heterosexual transmission and whose present address was in Qian Dongnan, were collected from Information System on the HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control. Information included demographic characteristics, the members of non-marital sex partners, transmission path, detection source, CD4(+)T lymphocyte level, et al...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129939/indigenous-migration-dynamics-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-a-longitudinal-and-hierarchical-analysis
#17
Jason Davis, Samuel Sellers, Clark Gray, Richard Bilsborrow
Amazonian indigenous populations are approaching a critical stage in their history in which increasing education and market integration, rapid population growth and degradation of natural resources threaten the survival of their traditions and livelihoods. A topic that has hardly been touched upon in this context is migration and population mobility. We address this by analysing a unique longitudinal dataset from the Ecuadorian Amazon on the spatial mobility of five indigenous groups and mestizo co-residents...
2017: Journal of Development Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129317/the-genetic-legacy-of-the-indian-ocean-slave-trade-recent-admixture-and-post-admixture-selection-in-the-makranis-of-pakistan
#18
Romuald Laso-Jadart, Christine Harmant, Hélène Quach, Nora Zidane, Chris Tyler-Smith, Qasim Mehdi, Qasim Ayub, Lluis Quintana-Murci, Etienne Patin
From the eighth century onward, the Indian Ocean was the scene of extensive trade of sub-Saharan African slaves via sea routes controlled by Muslim Arab and Swahili traders. Several populations in present-day Pakistan and India are thought to be the descendants of such slaves, yet their history of admixture and natural selection remains largely undefined. Here, we studied the genome-wide diversity of the African-descent Makranis, who reside on the Arabian Sea coast of Pakistan, as well that of four neighboring Pakistani populations, to investigate the genetic legacy, population dynamics, and tempo of the Indian Ocean slave trade...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108599/women-s-employment-trajectories-during-early-adulthood-in-urban-china-a-cohort-comparison
#19
Shengwei Sun, Feinian Chen
This study uses retrospective work history data from CGSS 2008 and employs group-based trajectory analysis to model the diverse employment trajectories of cohorts of urban Chinese women (born in the 1940s-1970s) during young adulthood (age 20-35). We identify ideal-types of urban women's employment trajectories and explore traits associated with each group type. In particular, we examine whether and how the timing of marriage and fertility as well as socioeconomic background help to distinguish patterns of women's labor force attachment in young adulthood...
November 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108590/multiracial-identities-single-race-history-contemporary-consequences-of-historical-race-and-marriage-laws-for-racial-classification
#20
Jenifer L Bratter, Heather A O'Connell
This work interrogates the role of the law as an "actor" in the spatial patterning of racial classification. Laws governing racial intermarriage represent key ways that rigid distinctions between groups were codified. Critically, there is a great deal of state variation in these laws. We draw on a unique data set that combines samples from the 1990 and 2000 Census (5 percent IPUMS) and the 2009-2011 estimates from the American Community Survey with information on state-specific legal bans against intermarriage...
November 2017: Social Science Research
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