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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320359/chronic-cough-conundrum-a-case-report-of-a-new-diagnosis-of-hiv-and-pulmonary-kaposi-s-sarcoma
#1
Pamela P Bailey, Marylou M Dryer, John P Piper, Sajjad Ahmad
BACKGROUND: When evaluating a common complaint such as cough, clinicians should rely on a patient's history and physical to guide them, but also not diverge from guidelines in screening and testing lest certain diagnoses be overlooked. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44 year old Hispanic male presented to a pulmonologist's office after failing multiple courses of antibiotics for chronic cough, now six months in duration. He described intermittent scant hemoptysis and an evanescent migratory non-pruritic rash occasionally noted on his trunk or limbs...
March 20, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289591/the-genetic-background-of-southern-iranian-couples-before-marriage
#2
A Nariman, M R Sobhan, M Savaei, E Aref-Eshghi, R Nourinejad, M Manoochehri, S Ghahremani, F Daliri, K Daliri
Genetic service for couples plays an increasingly important role in diagnosis and risk management. This study investigated the status of consanguinity and the medical genetic history (effectiveness and coverage of medical genetic services) in couples residing in a city in southern Iran. We questioned couples who were referred to Behbahan Marital Counseling Center, Behbahan, Iran, during the period from January to November 2014, to obtain information on consanguinity, disease history, and previous referral to a medical genetics center...
December 1, 2016: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279140/alternative-visions-for-pastoral-work-with-lgbtq-individuals-families-and-communities-a-response
#3
Joretta L Marshall
Multiple theological perspectives provide frameworks for pastoral work with lesbian, gay, bisesxual and trans individuals, families, and communities. One model is offered by those who argue for celibacy or heterosexual marriages for those who self-identify as part of LGBTQ communities. This article names other theologically grounded perspectives with the goal of inviting practitioners to broaden their understandings and wrestle with the implications of their theological and ethical stances. When reflecting on the intersection of spirituality and sexuality, the meaning of theological terms such as sin, contributions from queer theologians and pastoral counselors, and the limitations of binary categories common in our theological history, this article encourages pastoral counselors and spiritual care providers to re-examine theological assumptions they bring to their work...
March 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275287/influence-of-heterogamy-by-religion-on-risk-of-marital-dissolution-a-cohort-study-of-20-000-couples
#4
David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Dermot O'Reilly
Heterogamous marriages, in which partners have dissimilar attributes (e.g. by socio-economic status or ethnicity), are often at elevated risk of dissolution. We investigated the influences of heterogamy by religion and area of residence on risk of marital dissolution in Northern Ireland, a country with a history of conflict and residential segregation along Catholic-Protestant lines. We expected Catholic-Protestant marriages to have elevated risks of dissolution, especially in areas with high concentrations of a single religious group where opposition to intermarriage was expected to be high...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272068/rare-disease-heralded-by-pulmonary-manifestations-avoiding-pitfalls-of-an-asthma-label
#5
S Bajaj, M Muranjan, S Karande, D Prabhat
Pulmonary manifestations are seldom recognized as symptoms of storage disorders. The report describes the diagnostic journey in a 30-month-old male infant, born of a third-degree consanguineous marriage referred to our institute as severe persistent asthma. History revealed that the child had progressively worsening breathlessness and persistent dry cough not associated with fever but accompanied by weight loss. On physical examination, there was growth failure, respiratory distress, clubbing, hepatosplenomegaly, and occasional rhonchi...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258656/a-novel-missense-mutation-q495k-of-slc26a3-gene-identified-in-a-chinese-child-with-congenital-chloride-losing-diarrhoea
#6
Hongmei Guo, Bi-Xia Zheng, Yu Jin
A partially-breastfed male baby aged 11 months and 22 days was admitted as he had been passing loose stools since birth and had experienced occasional vomiting and failure to thrive. He passed watery stools 8-10 times per day, but there was no blood or mucous. The parents were healthy and their marriage was nonconsanguineous. The antenatal and birth history included polyhydramnios and premature delivery at 35 weeks of gestation. The baby's birthweight was 2.3kg (P23). He was hospitalised several times for persistent diarrhoea before coming to our hospital, but had no episodes of intestinal pseudo-obstruction...
March 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208841/assessment-of-correlation-between-sweat-chloride-levels-and-clinical-features-of-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#7
Manzoor A Raina, Mosin S Khan, Showkat A Malik, Ab Hameed Raina, Mudassir J Makhdoomi, Javed I Bhat, Syed Mudassar
INTRODUCTION: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder and the incidence of this disease is undermined in Northern India. The distinguishable salty character of the sweat belonging to individuals suffering from CF makes sweat chloride estimation essential for diagnosis of CF disease. AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to elucidate the relationship of sweat chloride levels with clinical features and pattern of CF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 182 patients, with clinical features of CF were included in this study for quantitative measurement of sweat chloride...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194268/filipino-women-s-diet-and-health-study-filwhel-design-and-methods
#8
Grace P Abris, Sangmo Hong, Sherlyn Mae P Provido, Jung Eun Lee, Chang Beom Lee
BACKGROUND: Immigration to South Korea from neighboring Asian countries has risen dramatically, primarily due to marriage between Korean men and foreign women. Although Filipino women rank fourth among married immigrant women, little is known about the health condition of this population. This manuscript focuses on the design and methods of Filipino women's diet and health study (FiLWHEL). SUBJECTS/METHODS: FiLWHEL is a cohort of Filipino women married to Korean men, aged 19 years old or over...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178283/behavioral-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-in-bangui-of-central-african-republic-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#9
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Henok Kessete Afewerky, Cavin Bekolo, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Antoine Doui Doumgba, Christian Diamont Mossoro-Kpinde, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Jianyuan Zhang, Shaojun Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu, Boniface Koffi
Breast cancer is recognized as a major public health problem in developing countries; however, there is very little evidence of behavioral factors associated with breast cancer risk. This study was conducted to identify lifestyles as risk factors for breast cancer among Central African women. A case-control study was conducted with 174 cases confirmed histologically by the pathology unit of the National Laboratory and 348 age-matched controls. Data collection tools included a questionnaire with interviews and medical records of patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123333/clinical-molecular-and-genetic-evaluation-of-galactosemia-in-turkish-children
#10
Sezen Ugan Atik, Semra Gürsoy, Tuba Koçkar, Hasan Önal, Servet Erdal Adal
AIM: Galactosemia is a carbohydrate metabolism disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance. The most frequent enzyme deficiency is galactose-1-phosphate-uridylytransferase, which causes classic galactosemia. When the enzyme is absent, an infant cannot metabolize galactose-1-phosphate and it cumulates in liver, kidney, brain, tongue, lens, and skin. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and molecular characteristics of patients with galactosemia, which is observed more frequently in our country than anywhere else in the world...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103713/divorce-and-the-onset-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-swedish-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-study
#11
Kenneth S Kendler, Sara Larsson Lönn, Jessica Salvatore, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the magnitude and nature of the relationship between divorce and risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHOD: In a population-based Swedish sample of married individuals (N=942,366), the authors examined the association between divorce or widowhood and risk for first registration for AUD. AUD was assessed using medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: Divorce was strongly associated with risk for first AUD onset in both men (hazard ratio=5...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095932/the-role-of-marriage-in-criminal-recidivism-a-longitudinal-and-co-relative-analysis
#12
K S Kendler, S L Lönn, J Sundquist, K Sundquist
AIMS: Marriage is associated with a reduced rate of criminal recidivism, but the underlying mechanisms have only partly been elucidated. We seek to clarify the nature of the association between marriage and recidivism and how that relationship may be moderated as a function of gender, deviance of spouse, a history of violence and familial risk. METHOD: We utilise a longitudinal cohort design consisting of Swedish men (n = 239 328) and women (n = 72 280), born between 1958 and 1986, who were convicted of at least one crime before age 20 and were not married prior to age 20...
January 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078621/is-stepfamily-status-associated-with-cohabiting-and-married-women-s-fertility-behaviors
#13
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Children from prior relationships potentially complicate fertility decision-making in new cohabitations and marriages. On the one hand, the "value of children" perspective suggests that unions with and without stepchildren have similar-and deliberate-reasons for shared childbearing. On the other hand, multipartnered fertility (MPF) research suggests that childbearing across partnerships is often unintended. Using the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth and event-history models, I examine the role of stepfamily status on cohabiting and married women's fertility and birth intendedness, with attention to union type and stepfamily configuration...
February 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068116/the-crowded-life-is-a-slow-life-population-density-and-life-history-strategy
#14
Oliver Sng, Steven L Neuberg, Michael E W Varnum, Douglas T Kenrick
The world population has doubled over the last half century. Yet, research on the psychological effects of human population density, once a popular topic, has decreased over the past few decades. Applying a fresh perspective to an old topic, we draw upon life history theory to examine the effects of population density. Across nations and across the U.S. states (Studies 1 and 2), we find that dense populations exhibit behaviors corresponding to a slower life history strategy, including greater future-orientation, greater investment in education, more long-term mating orientation, later marriage age, lower fertility, and greater parental investment...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054799/the-risk-for-marital-infidelity-across-a-year-long-deployment
#15
Christina Balderrama-Durbin, Kimberley Stanton, Douglas K Snyder, Jeffrey A Cigrang, G Wayne Talcott, Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Daniel G Cassidy
Military deployment can create significant relationship strain. Although most couples navigate the challenges of deployment successfully, this period may render some couples more vulnerable to adverse relationship outcomes such as infidelity due to a convergence of factors including geographic separation and reduced emotional and physical intimacy. Despite anecdotal reports of increased rates of infidelity during deployment, empirical findings are lacking. This study used a prospective design to examine the prevalence and risk factors of infidelity across the deployment cycle including a year-long deployment to Iraq...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044269/under-five-child-mortality-and-morbidity-associated-with-consanguineous-child-marriage-in-pakistan-retrospective-analysis-using-pakistan-demographic-and-health-surveys-1990-91-2006-07-2012-13
#16
Mudasir Mustafa, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Ashraf Chaudhry, Muazzam Nasrullah
Objective To assess the combined effect of consanguineous and child marriages (CCM) on children health, which has not previously been explored, either globally or locally. Methods We analyzed secondary data from a series of cross-sectional, nationally representative Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys 1990-91, 2006-07, and 2012-13. A total of 5406 mothers with 10,164 children were included in the analysis. Child health was assessed by variables such as history of diarrhea, acute respiratory infection (ARI), ARI with fever, Under-5 child mortality (U5CM) and small-size birth (SSB)...
January 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042415/chances-to-have-a-boy-after-gender-selection-by-pre-implantation-genetic-screening-are-reduced-in-couples-with-only-girls-and-without-a-boy-sired-by-the-male-partner
#17
Soryya Panahi, Fariba Fahami, Mohammad Reza Deemeh, Marziyeh Tavalaee, Hamid Gourabi, Mohammad Hossain Nasr-Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Gender selection and family planning have their roots in human history. Despite great interest in these fields, very few scientific propositions exist which could explain why some family do not attain the desired sex. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether sex of previous child or children could affect the outcomes of pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This historical cohort study including 218 PGS cases referring to Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center (IFIC)...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996281/il-12r%C3%AE-1-defect-presenting-with-massive-intraabdominal-lymphadenopathy-due-to-mycobacterium-intracellulare-a-case-report
#18
Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Ayşe Karaaslan, Serkan Atici, Gülşen Akkoç, Safa Bariş, Nurhayat Yakut, Sevliya Öcal Demir, Orhan Kaya KÖksalan, Ahmet Soysal, Caroline Deswarte, Jacinta Bustamante, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Mustafa Bakir
Infections due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria species are problematic for people who have immundeficiency. Mendelian Susceptibility to Mycobacterial Diseases (MSMD) defines a group of genetic defects affecting cellular interactions and IFN-γ pathway. Patients with MSMD may present with disseminated infection due to Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine strain, Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, environmental NTM or Salmonella species. Atypical mycobacterial infections and deficient granuloma/giant-cell formation are important clues for MSMD especially in patients with the history of parental consanguineous marriage...
December 12, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987349/differentials-in-variables-associated-with-past-history-of-artificial-abortion-and-current-contraception-by-age-results-of-a-randomized-national-survey-in-japan
#19
Takao Kojo, Ryusuke Ae, Satoshi Tsuboi, Yosikazu Nakamura, Kunio Kitamura
AIM: This study analyzes differentials in the variables associated with the experience of artificial abortion (abortion) and use of contraception by age among women in Japan. METHODS: The 2010 National Lifestyle and Attitudes Towards Sexual Behavior Survey was distributed to 2693 men and women aged 16-49 selected from the Japanese population using a two-stage random sampling procedure. From the 1540 respondents, we selected 700 women who reported having had sexual intercourse at least once...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912112/ethnic-variation-of-genetic-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy-in-malaysia
#20
Kheng Seang Lim, Ching Ching Ng, Chung Kin Chan, Wee Shean Foo, Joyce Siew Yong Low, Chong Tin Tan
PURPOSE: Ethnic variation in epilepsy classification was reported in the Epilepsy Phenome/Genome Project. This study aimed to determine the ethnic variation in the prevalence of genetic (idiopathic) generalized epilepsy (GGE) and GGE with family history in a multi-ethnic Asian population in Malaysia. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 392 patients with a clinical diagnosis of GGE were recruited in the neurology outpatient clinic, University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), from January 2011 till April 2016...
February 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
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