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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534110/the-impact-of-disability-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#1
Carol L Hodgson, Andrew A Udy, Michael Bailey, Jonathan Barrett, Rinaldo Bellomo, Tracey Bucknall, Belinda J Gabbe, Alisa M Higgins, Theodore J Iwashyna, Julian Hunt-Smith, Lynne J Murray, Paul S Myles, Jennie Ponsford, David Pilcher, Craig Walker, Meredith Young, D J Cooper
PURPOSE: To use the World Health Organisation's International Classification of Functioning to measure disability following critical illness using patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: A prospective, multicentre cohort study conducted in five metropolitan intensive care units (ICU). Participants were adults who had been admitted to the ICU, received more than 24 h of mechanical ventilation and survived to hospital discharge. The primary outcome was measurement of disability using the World Health Organisation's Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
May 22, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506309/social-isolation-and-cancer-management-advanced-rectal-cancer-with-patient-delay-following-the-2011-triple-disaster-in-fukushima-japan-a-case-report
#2
Akihiko Ozaki, Claire Leppold, Toyoaki Sawano, Masaharu Tsubokura, Manabu Tsukada, Tetsuya Tanimoto, Masahiro Kami, Hiromichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of social isolation in the elderly on their process of gaining health information and seeking health care. CASE PRESENTATION: In March 2011, Fukushima, Japan experienced an earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disaster, also known as Japan's triple disaster. In June 2016, an 80-year-old Japanese man, who lived alone after divorce at the age of 42, presented to our hospital with bloody stools and dizziness. Although his bloody stools initially occurred in May 2015, a year earlier, he did not pursue the possibility of malignancy...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482752/childhood-family-structure-and-women-s-adult-overweight-risk-a-longitudinal-study
#3
M Pia Chaparro, Xavier de Luna, Jenny Häggström, Anneli Ivarsson, Urban Lindgren, Karina Nilsson, Ilona Koupil
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether women's adult overweight and obesity risk was associated with their childhood family structure, measured as their mothers' marital status history, during the women's first 18 years of life. METHODS: Using linked register data, we analyzed 30,584 primiparous women born in Sweden in 1975 who were between 19-35 years of age when their height and pre-pregnancy weight was recorded. The outcomes were women's overweight/obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and the predictor was mothers' marital status history, which was summarized using sequence analysis...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470818/marital-status-is-a-prognostic-factor-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#4
R Spataro, P Volanti, D Lo Coco, V La Bella
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several variables have been linked to a shorter survival in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), for example, female sex, older age, site of disease onset, rapid disease progression, and a relatively short diagnostic delay. With regard to marital status, previous studies suggested that living with a partner might be associated to a longer survival and a higher likelihood to proceed to tracheostomy. Therefore, to further strengthen this hypothesis, we investigated the role of marital status as a prognostic variable in a cohort of ALS patients...
May 3, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445591/screening-endoscopy-finds-high-prevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori-and-intestinal-metaplasia-in-korean-american-with-limited-access-to-health-care
#5
Yanghee Woo, Carolyn E Behrendt, Garrick Trapp, Jae Geun Hyun, Tamas Gonda, Yuman Fong, Timothy Wang
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is the leading cause of cancer death among Korean Americans. Prevention and early detection is improved by screening. METHODS: Between September 2013 and March 2015, ethnic Koreans age 40 or older without history or symptoms of GC and without upper endoscopy (UE) during previous 3 years were enrolled. Participants were offered screening with GC risk assessment followed by UE with biopsies. RESULTS: Risk assessment was provided to 146 participants (age 55...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437122/childhood-family-characteristics-and-prescription-drug-misuse-in-a-national-sample-of-latino-adults
#6
Ellen L Vaughan, Mary Waldron, Marcel A de Dios, James Richter, Miguel Ángel Cano
Prescription drug misuse is a growing public health concern and has been understudied in Latino populations. The current study tests the relationships between childhood and family characteristics and prescriptions drug misuse among adult Latinos. A subsample of 8,308 Latinos from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were examined. Logistic regression analyses tested associations between parental alcoholism, parental divorce before age 18, and parental death before age 18 and prescription drug misuse and prescription drug use disorder...
April 24, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380147/-mental-disorders-and-participation-in-the-labor-market-a-multicenter-national-study-in-brazil
#7
Ada Ávila Assunção, Eduardo de Paula Lima, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
The objective was to explore the relationship between labor market participation and patient characteristics in a representative sample of 2,475 adults admitted to 26 Brazilian mental health institutions (15 Centers for Psychosocial Care and 11 hospitals). Socio-demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics were obtained with structured interviews. Multinomial regression was used. Increased likelihood of temporary absence from the work market was associated with female gender, single, divorced, or widowed conjugal status, lack of stable housing, and history of first admission or treatment before the age of 18...
April 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281919/retraumatization-mediates-the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-clinical-training-related-secondary-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#8
Lisa D Butler, Eugene Maguin, Janice Carello
Previous research (Butler, Carello, & Maguin, 2016) has found that exposure to trauma-related material in graduate clinical coursework and field training can put students at risk for reactivations of feelings/memories from negative past experiences (retraumatization) and for secondary traumatic stress (STS) symptoms. The present report sought to examine the role, if any, of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in these outcomes. Using the Butler et al. (2016) sample, we examined: (1) rates of ACEs in 195 graduate social work students, (2) whether the total number of ACEs was associated with training-related retraumatization (TRT) and/or STS symptoms, and (3) if TRT mediated the relationship between ACEs and STS symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274341/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-treatments-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Fahad D Alosaimi, Mohammed Abalhassan, Bandar Alhaddad, Nasser Alzain, Ebtihaj Fallata, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Mohammed Z Alassiry
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and clinical correlates of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components among patients with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult patients with psychiatric disorders at major hospitals in Saudi Arabia. After measurements were recorded for all MetS components, demographic and clinical information was obtained mainly by reviewing the patients' medical charts. RESULTS: The prevalence rate of MetS among the 992 study participants was 41...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245847/relationship-between-coping-styles-and-lipid-profile-among-public-university-staff
#10
Suthahar Ariaratnam, Ambigga Devi Krishnapillai, Aqil Mohammad Daher, Mohd Ariff Fadzil, Salmi Razali, Siti Aminah Omar, Ng Kien Keat, Nafiza Mat Nasir, Maizatullifah Miskan, Mazapuspavina Md Yasin, Jo Anne Saw, Damayanthi Durairajanayagam, Gurpreet Kaur, Osman Che Bakar, Nurul Azreen Hashim
BACKGROUND: The scarcity of data about coping styles with a biochemical marker namely lipid profile, potentially associated with cardiovascular risk factors is most striking among professionals working in public university. Hence, this research aimed to investigate the relationship between coping styles and lipid profile comprising total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), HDL-cholesterol (high density lipoprotein-cholesterol) and LDL-cholesterol (Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol) among this group of professionals...
February 28, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188565/poor-quality-of-life-and-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder
#11
Louisa G Sylvia, Rebecca E Montana, Thilo Deckersbach, Michael E Thase, Maurcio Tohen, Noreen Reilly-Harrington, Melvin G McInnis, James H Kocsis, Charles Bowden, Joseph Calabrese, Keming Gao, Terence Ketter, Richard C Shelton, Susan L McElroy, Edward S Friedman, Dustin J Rabideau, Andrew A Nierenberg
BACKGROUND: This study explores the association of demographic and clinical features with quality of life and functioning in individuals with bipolar disorder. METHODS: Adult participants (N = 482) with bipolar I or II disorder were enrolled in a comparative effectiveness study across eleven study sites and completed baseline measures of medical and psychiatric history, current mood, quality of life, and functioning. Participants with at least mildly depressive or manic/hypomanic symptomatic severity were randomized to receive lithium or quetiapine in addition to adjunctive personalized treatment for 6 months...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150978/self-esteem-across-the-second-half-of-life-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-physical-health-social-relationships-and-personality-factors
#12
Tilmann von Soest, Jenny Wagner, Thomas Hansen, Denis Gerstorf
Self-esteem development across adulthood has been in the center of interest for some time now. However, not much is known about factors that shape self-esteem and its development in the second half of life and whether the factors differ with age and gender. To examine these questions, this study uses 2-wave data from the population-based NorLAG study in Norway (N = 5,555; Mage = 58 years; 51% women) and combines self-report data on self-esteem and personality with registry-based information on socioeconomic status (education, income, unemployment), health problems (sick leave, lifetime history of disability), and social relationships (cohabiting partner, lifetime history of divorce and widowhood)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140729/association-of-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-behaviors-with-substance-use-and-family-characteristics-among-children-and-adolescents-seeking-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#13
Neslim Guvendeger Doksat, Oguzhan Zahmacioglu, Arzu Ciftci Demirci, Gizem Melissa Kocaman, Ayten Erdogan
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies in youth and adults suggest strong association between substance use disorders and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. There is paucity of studies exploring the association of substance use with history of suicide attempts (HSA) and NSSI in children and adolescents in Turkey. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the prevalence of NSSI and HSA and their relationship with substance use and family characteristics among youth seeking treatment for substance use in Turkey...
April 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130260/leonardo-da-vinci-engineer-bioengineer-anatomist-and-artist
#14
John B West
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) enjoys a reputation as one of the most talented people of all time in the history of science and the arts. However little attention has been given to his contributions to physiology. One of his main interests was engineering, and he was fascinated by structural problems, and the flow patterns of liquids. He also produced a large number of ingenious designs for warfare, and a variety of highly original flying machines. But of particular interest to us are his contributions to bioengineering, and how he used his knowledge of basic physical principles to throw light on physiological function...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103713/divorce-and-the-onset-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-swedish-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-study
#15
Kenneth S Kendler, Sara Larsson Lönn, Jessica Salvatore, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the magnitude and nature of the relationship between divorce and risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHOD: In a population-based Swedish sample of married individuals (N=942,366), the authors examined the association between divorce or widowhood and risk for first registration for AUD. AUD was assessed using medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: Divorce was strongly associated with risk for first AUD onset in both men (hazard ratio=5...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054799/the-risk-for-marital-infidelity-across-a-year-long-deployment
#16
Christina Balderrama-Durbin, Kimberley Stanton, Douglas K Snyder, Jeffrey A Cigrang, G Wayne Talcott, Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Daniel G Cassidy
Military deployment can create significant relationship strain. Although most couples navigate the challenges of deployment successfully, this period may render some couples more vulnerable to adverse relationship outcomes such as infidelity due to a convergence of factors including geographic separation and reduced emotional and physical intimacy. Despite anecdotal reports of increased rates of infidelity during deployment, empirical findings are lacking. This study used a prospective design to examine the prevalence and risk factors of infidelity across the deployment cycle including a year-long deployment to Iraq...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034075/use-of-medications-for-treating-anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states
#17
Nikki A Hawkins, Ashwini Soman, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Steven Leadbetter, Juan L Rodriguez
Purpose This study used population-based data to estimate the percentage of cancer survivors in the United States reporting current medication use for anxiety and depression and to characterize the survivors taking this type of medication. Rates of medication use in cancer survivors were compared with rates in the general population. Methods We analyzed data from the National Health Interview Survey, years 2010 to 2013, identifying cancer survivors (n = 3,184) and adults with no history of cancer (n = 44,997) who completed both the Sample Adult Core Questionnaire and the Adult Functioning and Disability Supplement...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032516/symptoms-of-depression-and-their-relation-to-myocardial-infarction-and-periodontitis
#18
Barbro Kjellström, Anders Gustafsson, Eva Nordendal, Anna Norhammar, Åke Nygren, Per Näsman, Lars Rydén, Marie Åsberg
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress and depression are established risk factors for cardiovascular disease and a relationship to periodontitis has been suggested. We studied symptoms of depression and their relation to myocardial infarction and periodontitis. METHODS: In a Swedish case-control study, 805 patients, <75 years with a first myocardial infarction and 805 controls without myocardial infarction were matched for age, gender and geographic area. Mean age was 62±8 years and 81% were male...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986850/antecedents-of-gray-divorce-a-life-course-perspective
#19
I-Fen Lin, Susan L Brown, Matthew R Wright, Anna M Hammersmith
OBJECTIVES: Increasingly, older adults are experiencing divorce, yet little is known about the risk factors associated with divorce after age 50 (termed "gray divorce"). Guided by a life course perspective, our study examined whether key later life turning points are related to gray divorce. METHOD: We used data from the 1998-2012 Health and Retirement Study to conduct a prospective, couple-level discrete-time event history analysis of the antecedents of gray divorce...
December 16, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974292/marital-history-and-survival-after-stroke
#20
Matthew E Dupre, Renato D Lopes
BACKGROUND: Stroke is among the leading causes of disability and death in the United States, and nearly 7 million adults are currently alive after experiencing a stroke. Although the risks associated with having a stroke are well established, we know surprisingly little about how marital status influences survival in adults with this condition. This study is the first prospective investigation of how marital history is related to survival after stroke in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from a nationally representative sample of older adults who experienced a stroke (n=2351) were used to examine whether and to what extent current marital status and past marital losses were associated with risks of dying after the onset of disease...
December 14, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
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