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history of divorce

Kelli N O'Laughlin, Dustin J Rabideau, Julius Kasozi, Robert A Parker, Nirma D Bustamante, Zikama M Faustin, Kelsy E Greenwald, Rochelle P Walensky, Ingrid V Bassett
BACKGROUND: The instability faced by refugees may place them at increased risk of exposure to HIV infection. Nakivale Refugee Settlement in southwestern Uganda hosts 68,000 refugees from 11 countries, many with high HIV prevalence. We implemented an HIV screening program in Nakivale and examined factors associated with new HIV diagnosis. METHODS: From March 2013-November 2014, we offered free HIV screening to all clients in the Nakivale Health Center while they waited for their outpatient clinic visit...
November 23, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Samuel S Malamba, Herbert Muyinda, Patricia M Spittal, John P Ekwaru, Noah Kiwanuka, Martin D Ogwang, Patrick Odong, Paul K Kitandwe, Achilles Katamba, Kate Jongbloed, Nelson K Sewankambo, Eugene Kinyanda, Alden Blair, Martin T Schechter
BACKGROUND: The protracted war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army in Northern Uganda (1996-2006) resulted in widespread atrocities, destruction of health infrastructure and services, weakening the social and economic fabric of the affected populations, internal displacement and death. Despite grave concerns that increased spread of HIV/AIDS may be devastating to post conflict Northern Uganda, empirical epidemiological data describing the legacy of the war on HIV infection are scarce...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Tatiana Balaeva, Andrej M Grjibovski, Oleg Sidorenkov, Olga Samodova, Natalia Firsova, Anatoly Sannikov, Elise Klouman
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection is the most common cause of genital ulcer disease (GUD) worldwide. Mother to child transmission causes high morbidity and mortality among infants. Russia is on the brink of a generalized HIV-epidemic, but Arkhangelsk is still a low-prevalence area. HSV-2 infection is associated with a three-fold increased risk of HIV-infection. The evidence on the seroprevalence of HSV-2 in Russia is limited. The aim of this study was to assess HSV-2 seroprevalence and correlates among young adults in the city of Arkhangelsk...
October 28, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Matthew E Dupre, Alicia Nelson
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and nearly one million Americans will have a heart attack this year. Although the risks associated with a heart attack are well established, we know surprisingly little about how marital factors contribute to survival in adults afflicted with heart disease. This study uses a life course perspective and longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study to examine how various dimensions of marital life influence survival in U.S. older adults who suffered a heart attack (n = 2197)...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Larry Applewhite, Derrick Arincorayan, Barry Adams
This exploratory study examines the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in soldiers who sought behavioral health support during a combat deployment. We conducted a secondary analysis of data extracted from two studies on the basis of retrospective reviews of behavioral health records of soldiers deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Of 162 clinical samples, 135 (83%) reported at least one type of childhood adversity. ACE scores ranged from 0 to 9 with a mean of 3 (standard deviation = 2.4) and mode of 0...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Yafei Wu, Shiyan Yan, Yanping Bao, Zhi Lian, Zhi Qu, Zhimin Liu
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is widely recognized as an effective method of combatting narcotic addiction. MMT reduces heroin withdrawal symptoms and, thus, makes it possible to provide the psychological and social support that is essential to the rehabilitation of drug users. AIM: Compare the severity of depressive symptoms in heroin users who are currently receiving MMT to that of heroin users who are not receiving MMT. METHODS: We administered the 13-item version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13) and a demographic history form to 929 heroin users who had been receiving MMT at nine methadone treatment clinics in three Chinese cities for an average of 9 months and to 238 heroin users who had enrolled in a MMT program at the centers but had not yet begun MMT...
February 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
Niroomand Mahtab, Hadaegh Farzad, Bahaeddini Mohsen, Darvishi Nakisa
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a global problem with significant morbidity and healthcare costs. In this study, we aimed to determine the 10-year trend of diabetes, prediabetes and their risk factors in the adult urban population of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included all patients above 20 years of age who were registered in phases 1 and 4 of TLGS. Each phase had a 3-year duration. 4580 patients were recruited in each phase (916 patients in each age-group, including 3772 males and 5145 females)...
September 15, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Eva Tedgård, Maria Råstam
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether women raised in a family with substance abuse constitute a particularly vulnerable group of patients in an infant psychiatry setting and to identify the risk factors of suspected parental malfunctioning in women referred to treatment in an infant and toddler intervention program. BACKGROUND: A history of family substance abuse can severely disrupt the caretaking abilities of parents in ways that can have far-reaching consequences, and children growing up with insufficient parental care may incorporate this deficiency into their own parental behavior...
2016: SpringerPlus
Soheila Nazarpour, Masoumeh Simbar, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
This study aimed to systematically review the articles on factors affecting sexual function during menopause. Searching articles indexed in Pubmed, Science Direct, Iranmedex, EMBASE, Scopus, and Scientific Information Database databases, a total number of 42 studies published between 2003 and 2013 were selected. Age, estrogen deficiency, type of menopause, chronic medical problems, partner's sex problems, severity of menopause symptoms, dystocia history, and health status were the physical factors influencing sexual function of menopausal women...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Ashlee J Warnecke, Yvette Z Szabo, Vicki E Burns, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, James J Miller, Tamara L Newton
This cross-sectional study compared the prevalence of formal and informal sheltering (i.e., staying in an agency shelter, or with friends/family, respectively) and evaluated associations with abuse severity. Community women (N = 197) with divorce histories reported on lifetime intimate partner abuse, including sheltering for safety. Prevalence of informal sheltering (43%) exceeded that of formal sheltering (11%). Rates/levels of coercive control, severe violence, injury, and police involvement were comparable for women who sheltered formally or informally, and exceeded those of women who never sheltered...
August 30, 2016: Violence Against Women
Cyril Milleret, Petter Wabakken, Olof Liberg, Mikael Åkesson, Øystein Flagstad, Harry Peter Andreassen, Håkan Sand
1.For socially monogamous species, breeder bond dissolution has important consequences for population dynamics, but the extent to which extrinsic or intrinsic population factors causes pair dissolution remain poorly understood, especially among carnivores. 2.Using an extensive life history dataset, a survival analysis and competing risks framework, we examined the fate of 153 different wolf (Canis lupus) pairs in the recolonizing Scandinavian wolf population, during 14 winters of snow-tracking and DNA-monitoring...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Animal Ecology
Kristin Snopkowski
Serial monogamy is likely an adaptive mating strategy for women when the expected future fitness gains with a different partner are greater than expected future fitness with one's current partner. Using interview data from more than 400 women in San Borja, Bolivia, discrete-time event history analyses and random effects regression analyses were conducted to examine predictors of marital dissolution, separated by remarriage status, and child educational outcomes. Male income was found to be inversely associated with women's risk of "divorce and remarriage," whereas female income is positively associated with women's risk of "divorce, but not remarriage...
August 19, 2016: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
Ronald G Thompson, Dana Alonzo, Mei-Chen Hu, Deborah S Hasin
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Research indicates that parental divorce and parental alcohol abuse independently increase likelihood of offspring lifetime suicide attempt. However, when experienced together, only parental alcohol abuse significantly increased odds of suicide attempt. It is unclear to what extent differences in the effect of maternal versus paternal alcohol use exist on adult offspring lifetime suicide attempt risk. This study examined the influences of parental divorce and maternal-paternal histories of alcohol problems on adult offspring lifetime suicide attempt...
August 19, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Jennifer Roebuck Bulanda, J Scott Brown, Takashi Yamashita
This study examines the relationship between later-life marital quality, marital dissolution, and mortality using discrete-time event history models with data from nine waves (1992-2008) of the Health and Retirement Study (n = 7388). Results show marital status is more important for men's mortality risk than women's, whereas marital quality is more important for women's survival than men's. Being widowed or divorced more than two years raises mortality risk for men, but later-life marital dissolution is not significantly associated with women's mortality risk, regardless of the type of dissolution or length of time since it occurred...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Tahereh Boryri, Noormohammad Noori, Ghasem Miri Aliabad, Alireza Teimouri
INTRODUCTION: Enuresis is a common problem with multiple causes in children. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence of enuresis among school population and its psychology and emotional associated factors. METHODS: Clustering sampling was used to collect 2000 schoolchildren from city Zahedan. A research made questionnaire was applied as a tool for data collection. All parents were informed about the aims of study and signed the consent form...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Sarah Tebeka, Nicolas Hoertel, Caroline Dubertret, Yann Le Strat
Despite the severity of the loss of a parent and the frequency of parental divorce, few studies compared their impact on mental health in the general adult population. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence, sociodemographic correlates, and psychiatric comorbidity of parental loss and parental divorce during childhood and adolescence. Data were drawn from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a nationally representative sample of US adults (n = 43,093). Of the 43,093 participants, parental divorce during childhood or adolescence was reported by 5776 participants, whereas 3377 experienced parental death during childhood or adolescence...
September 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Kristina M Jackson, Michelle L Rogers, Carolyn E Sartor
Parental divorce/separation is among the most commonly endorsed adverse childhood events. It has been shown to increase subsequent risk of alcohol dependence and problems across adolescence and early adulthood, but its influence on early stages of alcohol involvement has only recently been explored. In the present study, we examined whether time to first full drink was accelerated among youth who experienced parental divorce/separation. To determine specificity of risk, models controlled for perceived stress as well as family history of alcoholism, current parental drinking, and internalizing and externalizing problems...
June 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Aya Isumi, Takeo Fujiwara
Shaking and smothering in response to infant crying are life-threatening child abuse. Parental childhood abuse history is known to be one of the most robust risk factors for abusing their offspring. In addition to childhood abuse history, other adverse childhood exposures (ACEs) need to be considered due to co-occurrence. However, few studies have investigated the impact of ACEs on caregivers shaking and smothering their infant. This study aims to investigate the association of ACEs with shaking and smothering among caregivers of infants in Japan...
July 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Samuel H Nyarko
Background. Hypertension is a global health problem. Yet, studies on hypertension rarely focus on women in Ghana. The purpose of this study is to ascertain the prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of hypertension history among Ghanaian women in reproductive age. Methods. This study used data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were carried out to ascertain the prevalence and determinants of hypertension history among the respondents. Results...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
Shu-Chuan Weng, Jung-Chen Chang, Ming-Kung Yeh, Shun-Mu Wang, Yi-Hua Chen
The aims of study were to investigate risk factors associated with attempted and completed suicide. This nested case-control study was conducted using the medical and death data of nearly all pregnant women for the period 2002-2012 in Taiwan. A total of 139 cases of attempted suicide and 95 cases of completed suicide were identified; for each case, 10 controls were randomly selected and matched to the cases according to age and year of delivery. A conditional logistic regression model was used. The mean attempted and completed suicide rates were 9...
2016: Scientific Reports
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