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tissue engineered vascular graft

Zhankui Zhao, Honglian Yu, Chengjuan Fan, Qingsheng Kong, Deqian Liu, Lin Meng
Ureter reconstruction is still a tough task for urologist. Cell-based tissue engineering serves a better technique for patients with long segments of ureter defect who need ureter reconstruction. In this study, we sought to evaluate the differentiation potential of adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) into urothelial lineage and smooth muscle lineage and to assess the possibility of ureter reconstruction using differentiated cells seeded vessel extracellular matrix (VECM) in a rabbit model. ADSCs were isolated from adipose tissue and identified in vitro...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Aida Llucià-Valldeperas, Carolina Soler-Botija, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Santiago Roura, Cristina Prat-Vidal, Isaac Perea-Gil, Benjamin Sanchez, Ramon Bragos, Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic, Antoni Bayes-Genis
: : Cardiac cells are subjected to mechanical and electrical forces, which regulate gene expression and cellular function. Therefore, in vitro electromechanical stimuli could benefit further integration of therapeutic cells into the myocardium. Our goals were (a) to study the viability of a tissue-engineered construct with cardiac adipose tissue-derived progenitor cells (cardiac ATDPCs) and (b) to examine the effect of electromechanically stimulated cardiac ATDPCs within a myocardial infarction (MI) model in mice for the first time...
September 29, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Jenny Lopez, Outi Huttala, Jertta-Riina Sarkanen, Ilkka Kaartinen, Hannu Kuokkanen, Timo Ylikomi
Proper functioning wound healing strategies are sparse. Adequate vascular formation to the injured area, as well as replacement of the volume loss, is fundamental in soft tissue repair. Tissue engineering strategies have been proposed for the treatment of these injury sites. Novel cell-free substance, human adipose tissue extract (ATE), has been previously shown to induce in vitro angiogenesis and adipogenesis and in vivo soft tissue formation. This study reports the translation of ATE preparation from laboratory to the operating room (OR)...
2016: BioResearch Open Access
Zeeshan Syedain, Jay Reimer, Matthew Lahti, James Berry, Sandra Johnson, Robert T Tranquillo
Treatment of congenital heart defects in children requiring right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction typically involves multiple open-heart surgeries because all existing graft materials have no growth potential. Here we present an 'off-the-shelf' vascular graft grown from donor fibroblasts in a fibrin gel to address this critical unmet need. In a proof-of-concept study, the decellularized grafts are implanted as a pulmonary artery replacement in three young lambs and evaluated to adulthood. Longitudinal ultrasounds document dimensional growth of the grafts...
September 27, 2016: Nature Communications
M W Laschke, M D Menger
The dorsal skinfold chamber is a rodent model for non-invasive microcirculatory analyses of striated muscle and skin tissue throughout an observation period of 2-3 weeks. In combination with intravital fluorescence microscopy, this model allows the quantitative assessment of dynamic processes such as inflammation, angiogenesis, vascular remodelling and microcirculation. Accordingly, the dorsal skinfold chamber is increasingly used for preclinical research in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This includes studies on biocompatibility, vascularisation and incorporation of medical implants and artificial tissue constructs...
2016: European Cells & Materials
Nobuyasu Kato, Masaaki Yamagishi, Keiichi Kanda, Takako Miyazaki, Yoshinobu Maeda, Masashi Yamanami, Taiji Watanabe, Hitoshi Yaku
PURPOSE: The ideal material for pediatric pulmonary artery (PA) augmentation is autologous pericardium. However, its utility for multistaged operations is limited. In this study, we applied an in vivo tissue-engineered autologous Biotube graft to a patient with congenital heart disease for the first time. DESCRIPTION: For molds of the Biotubes, two silicone 19F drain tubes were embedded in the subcutaneous spaces of a 2-year-old girl with a diagnosis of pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries during palliative surgical procedures...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Hidetoshi Masumoto, Jun K Yamashita
Stem cell therapy is a promising therapeutic option for severe cardiac diseases that are resistant to conventional therapies. To overcome the unsatisfactory results of most clinical researches on stem cell injections to an injured heart, we are developing bioengineered cardiac tissue grafts using pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes and vascular cells. We have validated the functional benefits of mouse embryonic stem cell-derived and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac tissue sheets (CTSs) in a rat myocardial infarction model...
November 2016: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Zhiye Li, Ruikai Ba, Zhifa Wang, Jianhua Wei, Yimin Zhao, Wei Wu
: : Craniofacial deformities caused by congenital defects or trauma remain challenges for clinicians, whereas current surgical interventions present limited therapeutic outcomes. Injection of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into the defect is highly desirable because such a procedure is microinvasive and grafts are more flexible to fill the lesions. However, preventing hypertrophic transition and morphological contraction remain significant challenges. We have developed an "all host derived" cell transplantation system composed of chondrocyte brick (CB)-enriched platelet-rich plasma (P) gel and BMSCs (B)...
September 14, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Matthias Gabriel, Kerstin Niederer, Holger Frey
Endowing materials surface with cell-adhesive properties is a common strategy in biomaterial research and tissue engineering. This is particularly interesting for already approved polymers that have a long standing use in medicine because these materials are well characterized and legal issues associated with the introduction of newly synthesized polymers may be avoided. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is one of the most frequently employed materials for the manufacturing of vascular grafts but the polymer lacks cell adhesion promoting features...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Timon Hussain, Manuela Schneider, Burkhard Summer, Sebastian Strieth
BACKGROUND: Key factors for successful porous polyethylene (PPE) implantation are rapid vascularization and low inflammatory response. Dermal fibroblasts produce a variety of pro-angiogenic and immunmodulatory factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this tissue engineering study was to investigate whether coating PPE implants with dermal fibroblasts in vitro is sustainable in vivo and whether the kinetics of blood vessel ingrowth and immunological responses are hereby affected...
August 12, 2016: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Brian Elmengaard, Joergen Baas, Thomas Jakobsen, Soren Kold, Thomas B Jensen, Joan E Bechtold, Kjeld Soballe
BACKGROUND: We previously introduced a manual surgical technique that makes small perforations (cracks) through the sclerotic bone shell that typically forms during the process of aseptic loosening ("crack" revision technique). Perforating just the shell (without violating the proximal cortex) can maintain overall bone continuity while allowing marrow and vascular elements to access the implant surface. Because many revisions require bone graft to fill defects, we wanted to determine if bone graft could further increase implant fixation beyond what we have experimentally shown with the crack technique alone...
August 23, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Kai Hsia, Chao-Ling Yao, Wei-Min Chen, Jian-Haw Chen, Hsinyu Lee, Jen-Her Lu
The increasing morbidity of cardiovascular diseases in modern society has made it crucial to develop a small-caliber blood vessel. In the absence of appropriate autologous vascular grafts, an alternative prosthesis must be constructed for cardiovascular disease patients. The aim of this article is to describe the advances in making cell-seeded cardiovascular prostheses. It also discusses the combinations of types of scaffolds and cells, especially autologous stem cells, which are suitable for application in tissue-engineered vessels with the favorable properties of mechanical strength, antithrombogenicity, biocompliance, anti-inflammation, fatigue resistance and long-term durability...
August 23, 2016: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Zhihong Wang, Wenting Zheng, Yifan Wu, Jianing Wang, Xiuyuan Zhang, Kai Wang, Qiang Zhao, Deling Kong, Tingyu Ke, Chen Li
Great progress has been made in the field of vascular tissue engineering, with some artificial vascular grafts already exhibiting promising outcomes in animal models. However, these studies were mostly conducted using healthy animals, which are not representative of actual clinical demands. Indeed, patients who require artificial vascular graft implantation are often accompanied by other comorbidities, such as hyperlipidaemia, hypertension and diabetes which should also be taken into consideration when assessing the potential of vascular grafts that are intended for clinical applications...
October 20, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Sophia Khan, Miguel A Villalobos, Rachel L Choron, Shaohua Chang, Spencer A Brown, Jeffrey P Carpenter, Thomas N Tulenko, Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are a potential adult mesenchymal stem cell source for restoring endothelial function in patients with critical limb ischemia. Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) play a major role in angiogenesis and wound healing. This study evaluated the effects of FGF and VEGF on the proliferation, migration, and potential endothelial differentiation of human ASCs with regards to their use as endothelial cell substitutes...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Maxime Picard-Deland, Jean Ruel, Todd Galbraith, Catherine Tremblay, Fabien Kawecki, Lucie Germain, François A Auger
Recently, the tubular shape has been suggested as an effective geometry for tissue-engineered heart valves, allowing easy fabrication, fast implantation, and a minimal crimped footprint from a transcatheter delivery perspective. This simple design is well suited for the self-assembly method, with which the only support for the cells is the extracellular matrix they produce, allowing the tissue to be completely free from exogenous materials during its entire fabrication process. Tubular constructs were produced by rolling self-assembled human fibroblast sheets on plastic mandrels...
August 10, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Zhong-Kui Li, Zhong-Shi Wu, Ting Lu, Hao-Yong Yuan, Hao Tang, Zhen-Jie Tang, Ling Tan, Bin Wang, Si-Ming Yan
Although vascular implantation has been used as an effective treatment for cardiovascular disease for many years, off-the-shelf and regenerable vascular scaffolds are still not available. Tissue engineers have tested various materials and methods of surface modification in the attempt to develop a scaffold that is more suitable for implantation. Extracellular matrix-based natural materials and biodegradable polymers, which are the focus of this review, are considered to be suitable materials for production of tissue-engineered vascular grafts...
October 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Takuma Fukunishi, Cameron A Best, Tadahisa Sugiura, Toshihiro Shoji, Tai Yi, Brooks Udelsman, Devan Ohst, Chin Siang Ong, Huaitao Zhang, Toshiharu Shinoka, Christopher K Breuer, Jed Johnson, Narutoshi Hibino
Tissue engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) have the potential to overcome the issues faced by existing small diameter prosthetic grafts by providing a biodegradable scaffold where the patient's own cells can engraft and form functional neotissue. However, applying classical approaches to create arterial TEVGs using slow degrading materials with supraphysiological mechanical properties, typically results in limited host cell infiltration, poor remodeling, stenosis, and calcification. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of novel small diameter arterial TEVGs created using fast degrading material...
2016: PloS One
Anna Marsano, Carolina M Medeiros da Cunha, Shahram Ghanaati, Sinan Gueven, Matteo Centola, Roman Tsaryk, Mike Barbeck, Chiara Stuedle, Andrea Barbero, Uta Helmrich, Stefan Schaeren, James C Kirkpatrick, Andrea Banfi, Ivan Martin
: : Chondrogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) can be induced by presenting morphogenetic factors or soluble signals but typically suffers from limited efficiency, reproducibility across primary batches, and maintenance of phenotypic stability. Considering the avascular and hypoxic milieu of articular cartilage, we hypothesized that sole inhibition of angiogenesis can provide physiological cues to direct in vivo differentiation of uncommitted MSCs to stable cartilage formation...
July 26, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Atanas Todorov, Matthias Kreutz, Alexander Haumer, Celeste Scotti, Andrea Barbero, Paul E Bourgine, Arnaud Scherberich, Claude Jaquiery, Ivan Martin
: : Engineered and devitalized hypertrophic cartilage (HC) has been proposed as bone substitute material, potentially combining the features of osteoinductivity, resistance to hypoxia, capacity to attract blood vessels, and customization potential for specific indications. However, in comparison with vital tissues, devitalized HC grafts have reduced efficiency of bone formation and longer remodeling times. We tested the hypothesis that freshly harvested stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells from human adipose tissue-which include mesenchymal, endothelial, and osteoclastic progenitors-enhance devitalized HC remodeling into bone tissue...
July 26, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Franziska Mußbach, Utz Settmacher, Olaf Dirsch, Chichi Xie, Uta Dahmen
BACKGROUND: Organ engineering is a new innovative strategy to cope with two problems: the need for physiological models for pharmacological research and donor organs for transplantation. A functional scaffold is generated from explanted organs by removing all cells (decellularization) by perfusing the organ with ionic or nonionic detergents via the vascular system. Subsequently the acellular scaffold is reseeded with organ-specific cells (repopulation) to generate a functional organ. SUMMARY: This review gives an overview of the state of the art describing the decellularization process, the subsequent quality assessment, the repopulation techniques and the functional assessment...
July 27, 2016: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
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