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tissue engineered blood vessel

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325151/adipose-tissue-derived-pericytes-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#1
Jin Xin Zhang, Chun Yan Du, Wei Min Guo, Pan Li, Shu Yun Liu, Zhi Guo Yuan, Jian Hua Yang, Xun Sun, He Yong Yin, Quan Yi Guo, Chen Fu Zhou
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a promising alternative source for cartilage tissue engineering. However, MSC culture is labor-intensive, so these cells cannot be applied immediately to regenerate cartilage for clinical purposes. Risks during the ex vivo expansion of MSCs, such as infection and immunogenicity, can be a bottleneck in their use in clinical tissue engineering. As a novel stem cell source, pericytes are generally considered to be the origin of MSCs. Pericytes do not have to undergo time-consuming ex vivo expansion because they are uncultured cells...
March 21, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300041/surface-micromorphology-of-cross-linked-tetrafunctional-polylactide-scaffolds-inducing-vessel-growth-and-bone-formation
#2
Daria Kuznetsova, Aleksey Ageykin, Anastasia Koroleva, Andrea Deiwick, Anastasia Shpichka, Anna Solovieva, Sergey Kostjuk, Aleksandra Meleshina, Svetlana Rodimova, Anastasia Akovanceva, Denis Butnaru, Anastasia Frolova, Elena Zagaynova, Boris Chichkov, Victor Bagratashvili, Peter Timashev
In the presented study, we have developed a synthetic strategy allowing a gradual variation of a polylactide arms' length, which later influences the micromorphology of the scaffold surface, formed by a two-photon polymerization technique. It has been demonstrated that the highest number of cells is present on the scaffolds with the roughest surface made of the polylactide with longer arms (PLA760), and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells is most pronounced on such scaffolds. According to the results of biological testing, the PLA760 scaffolds were implanted into a created cranial defect in a mouse for an in vivo assessment of the bone tissue formation...
March 16, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297585/electromechanical-conditioning-of-adult-progenitor-cells-improves-recovery-of-cardiac-function-after-myocardial-infarction
#3
Aida Llucià-Valldeperas, Carolina Soler-Botija, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Santiago Roura, Cristina Prat-Vidal, Isaac Perea-Gil, Benjamin Sanchez, Ramon Bragos, Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic, Antoni Bayes-Genis
Cardiac cells are subjected to mechanical and electrical forces, which regulate gene expression and cellular function. Therefore, in vitro electromechanical stimuli could benefit further integration of therapeutic cells into the myocardium. Our goals were (a) to study the viability of a tissue-engineered construct with cardiac adipose tissue-derived progenitor cells (cardiac ATDPCs) and (b) to examine the effect of electromechanically stimulated cardiac ATDPCs within a myocardial infarction (MI) model in mice for the first time...
March 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294393/the-new-msc-mscs-as-pericytes-are-sentinels-and-gatekeepers
#4
REVIEW
Arnold I Caplan
Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells, hMSCs, were first named over 25 years ago with the "stem cell" nomenclature derived from the fact that we and others could cause these cells to differentiate into a number of different mesodermal phenotypes in cell culture. The capacity to form skeletal tissue in vitro encouraged the use of hMSCs for the fabrication of tissue engineered skeletal repair tissue with subsequent transplantation to in vivo sites. With the current realization that MSCs are derived from perivascular cells, pericytes, and the immunomodulatory and trophic capabilities of MSCs in both in vitro and in vivo test systems, a complete re-evaluation of the role and functions of MSCs in the body was required...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288160/efficient-and-robust-differentiation-of-endothelial-cells-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-via-lineage-control-with-vegf-and-cyclic-amp
#5
Takeshi Ikuno, Hidetoshi Masumoto, Kohei Yamamizu, Miki Yoshioka, Kenji Minakata, Tadashi Ikeda, Ryuzo Sakata, Jun K Yamashita
Blood vessels are essential components for many tissues and organs. Thus, efficient induction of endothelial cells (ECs) from human pluripotent stem cells is a key method for generating higher tissue structures entirely from stem cells. We previously established an EC differentiation system with mouse pluripotent stem cells to show that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is essential to induce ECs and that cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) synergistically enhances VEGF effects. Here we report an efficient and robust EC differentiation method from human pluripotent stem cell lines based on a 2D monolayer, serum-free culture...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279644/elderly-patient-derived-endothelial-cells-for-vascularization-of-engineered-muscle
#6
Luba Perry, Moshe Y Flugelman, Shulamit Levenberg
In vitro prevascularization of engineered tissue constructs promises to enhance their clinical applicability. We hypothesize that adult endothelial cells (ECs), isolated from limb veins of elderly patients, bear the vasculogenic properties required to form vascular networks in vitro that can later integrate with the host vasculature upon implantation. Here, we show that adult ECs formed vessel networks that were more developed and complex than those formed by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) seeded with various supporting cells on three-dimensional (3D) biodegradable polymer scaffolds...
March 6, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277010/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-the-chitosan-tur-composite-film-for-wound-healing-applications
#7
Qin Zou, Bin Cai, Junfeng Li, Jidong Li, Yubao Li
We have developed tourmaline/chitosan (Tur/CS) composite films for wound healing applications. The characteristics of composite films were studied by optical microscope, infrared spectra and X-ray diffraction. Tur particles were uniformly distributed in the CS film and the crystal structure of CS was not remarkably changed except the decrease of crystallinity. The influence of Tur on wound healing applications was characterized by modulating Tur concentrations in the Tur/CS composite film prepared by loading Tur powder into CS matrix with different proportion (0, 1/40 and 1/10)...
May 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273941/arterial-graft-with-elastic-layer-structure-grown-from-cells
#8
Utako Yokoyama, Yuta Tonooka, Ryoma Koretake, Taisuke Akimoto, Yuki Gonda, Junichi Saito, Masanari Umemura, Takayuki Fujita, Shinya Sakuma, Fumihito Arai, Makoto Kaneko, Yoshihiro Ishikawa
Shortage of autologous blood vessel sources and disadvantages of synthetic grafts have increased interest in the development of tissue-engineered vascular grafts. However, tunica media, which comprises layered elastic laminae, largely determines arterial elasticity, and is difficult to synthesize. Here, we describe a method for fabrication of arterial grafts with elastic layer structure from cultured human vascular SMCs by periodic exposure to extremely high hydrostatic pressure (HP) during repeated cell seeding...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271637/determining-the-optimal-protocol-for-preparing-an-acellular-scaffold-of-tissue-engineered-small-diameter-blood-vessels
#9
Lei Pu, Jian Wu, Xingna Pan, Zongliu Hou, Jing Zhang, Wenmin Chen, Zhuhui Na, Mingyao Meng, Haiyan Ni, Liqiong Wang, Yaxiong Li, Lihong Jiang
Although detergent-based decellularization protocols have been widely used to obtain a natural extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffold in tissue engineering, some key challenges still exist. To achieve an optimum natural decellularized scaffold for the construction of tissue-engineered small-diameter blood vessels (TEBV), porcine carotid arteries (PCAs) were decellularized by combining sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), sodium deoxycholate (SDC) and Triton X-100 (Triton) in different concentrations. Tissue samples were processed and their histological, biochemical and biomechanical characteristics were investigated...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259928/tissue-engineered-vascularized-periosteal-flap-enriched-with-msc-epcs-for-the-treatment-of-large-bone-defects-in-rats
#10
Christoph Nau, Dirk Henrich, Caroline Seebach, Katrin Schröder, John H Barker, Ingo Marzi, Johannes Frank
Vascularized periosteal flaps are used for complex cases if the reconstruction of large bone defects is necessary in modern trauma and orthopedic surgery. In this study, we combined this surgical procedure with β‑TCP scaffold and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) + endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) as a tissue engineering approach to obtain optimum conditions for bone healing in rats. A critical size femoral defect was created in 80 rats allocated into 4 groups. Defects were treated according to the following protocol: i) vascularized periosteal flap alone; ⅱ) vascularized periosteal flap + β‑TCP scaffold; ⅲ) vascularized periosteal flap + β‑TCP scaffold + ligated vascular pedicle; and ⅳ) vascularized periosteal flap + β‑TCP scaffold + MSCs/EPCs...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257059/chitosan-based-multifunctional-platforms-for-local-delivery-of-therapeutics
#11
REVIEW
Seong-Chul Hong, Seung-Yup Yoo, Hyeongmin Kim, Jaehwi Lee
Chitosan has been widely used as a key biomaterial for the development of drug delivery systems intended to be administered via oral and parenteral routes. In particular, chitosan-based microparticles are the most frequently employed delivery system, along with specialized systems such as hydrogels, nanoparticles and thin films. Based on the progress made in chitosan-based drug delivery systems, the usefulness of chitosan has further expanded to anti-cancer chemoembolization, tissue engineering, and stem cell research...
March 1, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228933/vascularization-and-innervation-of-slits-within-polydimethylsiloxane-sheets-in-the-subcutaneous-space-of-athymic-nude-mice
#12
Rachel E Gurlin, Mark T Keating, Shiri Li, Jonathan Rt Lakey, Sébastien de Feraudy, Bhupinder S Shergill, Elliot L Botvinick
Success of cell therapy in avascular sites will depend on providing sufficient blood supply to transplanted tissues. A popular strategy of providing blood supply is to embed cells within a functionalized hydrogel implanted within the host to stimulate neovascularization. However, hydrogel systems are not always amenable for removal post-transplantation; thus, it may be advantageous to implant a device that contains cells while also providing access to the circulation so retrieval is possible. Here we investigate one instance of providing access to a vessel network, a thin sheet with through-cut slits, and determine if it can be vascularized from autologous materials...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213096/ectopic-tissue-engineered-ligament-with-silk-collagen-scaffold-for-acl-regeneration-a-preliminary-study
#13
Jisheng Ran, Yejun Hu, Huihui Le, Yangwu Chen, Zefeng Zheng, Xiao Chen, Zi Yin, Ruijian Yan, Zhangchu Jin, Chenqi Tang, Jiayun Huang, Yanjia Gu, Langhai Xu, Shengjun Qian, Wei Zhang, Boon Chin Heng, Pioletti Dominique, Weishan Chen, Lidong Wu, Weiliang Shen, Hongwei Ouyang
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains a formidable clinical challenge because of the lack of vascularization and adequate cell numbers in the joint cavity. In this study, we developed a novel strategy to mimic the early stage of repair in vivo, which recapitulated extra-articular inflammatory response to facilitate the early ingrowth of blood vessels and cells. A vascularized ectopic tissue engineered ligament (ETEL) with silk collagen scaffold was developed and then transferred to reconstruct the ACL in rabbits without interruption of perfusion...
February 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209379/endocultivation-continuous-application-of-rhbmp-2-via-mini-osmotic-pumps-to-induce-bone-formation-at-extraskeletal-sites
#14
B E Beck-Broichsitter, S T Becker, H Seitz, J Wiltfang, P H Warnke
The continuous presence of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) inside a scaffold may be crucial to the outcome in bone tissue engineering. This study investigated whether the release of the growth factor rhBMP-2 via different continuous application schemes influences histomorphological aspects of the hard and soft tissues induced. Three-dimensionally printed hydroxyapatite scaffolds were implanted into one latissimus dorsi muscle of 42 female Lewis rats. Simultaneously implanted mini-osmotic pumps were used to provide a continuous application of rhBMP-2 over 1, 2, or 4 weeks (total dose 200μg)...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205013/utilizing-the-foreign-body-response-to-grow-tissue-engineered-blood-vessels-in-vivo
#15
Wouter J Geelhoed, Lorenzo Moroni, Joris I Rotmans
It is well known that the number of patients requiring a vascular grafts for use as vessel replacement in cardiovascular diseases, or as vascular access site for hemodialysis is ever increasing. The development of tissue engineered blood vessels (TEBV's) is a promising method to meet this increasing demand vascular grafts, without having to rely on poorly performing synthetic options such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or Dacron. The generation of in vivo TEBV's involves utilizing the host reaction to an implanted biomaterial for the generation of completely autologous tissues...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194536/the-role-of-vasculature-in-bone-development-regeneration-and-proper-systemic-functioning
#16
REVIEW
Joanna Filipowska, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Łukasz Niedźwiedzki, Jerzy A Walocha, Tadeusz Niedźwiedzki
Bone is a richly vascularized connective tissue. As the main source of oxygen, nutrients, hormones, neurotransmitters and growth factors delivered to the bone cells, vasculature is indispensable for appropriate bone development, regeneration and remodeling. Bone vasculature also orchestrates the process of hematopoiesis. Blood supply to the skeletal system is provided by the networks of arteries and arterioles, having distinct molecular characteristics and localizations within the bone structures. Blood vessels of the bone develop through the process of angiogenesis, taking place through different, bone-specific mechanisms...
February 13, 2017: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192772/direct-3d-bioprinting-of-prevascularized-tissue-constructs-with-complex-microarchitecture
#17
Wei Zhu, Xin Qu, Jie Zhu, Xuanyi Ma, Sherrina Patel, Justin Liu, Pengrui Wang, Cheuk Sun Edwin Lai, Maling Gou, Yang Xu, Kang Zhang, Shaochen Chen
Living tissues rely heavily on vascular networks to transport nutrients, oxygen and metabolic waste. However, there still remains a need for a simple and efficient approach to engineer vascularized tissues. Here, we created prevascularized tissues with complex three-dimensional (3D) microarchitectures using a rapid bioprinting method - microscale continuous optical bioprinting (μCOB). Multiple cell types mimicking the native vascular cell composition were encapsulated directly into hydrogels with precisely controlled distribution without the need of sacrificial materials or perfusion...
April 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191928/self-assembling-multidomain-peptide-nanofibers-for-delivery-of-bioactive-molecules-and-tissue-regeneration
#18
Amanda N Moore, Jeffrey D Hartgerink
Multidomain peptides (MDPs) are a class of self-assembling peptides that are organized in a β-sheet motif, resulting in a nanofibrous architecture. This structure is stabilized by hydrophobic packing in the fiber core and a hydrogen-bonding network down the fiber long axis. Under easily controllable conditions, regulated by electrostatic interactions between the peptides and the pH and salt composition of the solvent, the nanofiber length can be dramatically extended, resulting in fiber entanglement and hydrogel formation...
February 13, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181412/aligned-nanofibrous-cell-derived-extracellular-matrix-for-anisotropic-vascular-graft-construction
#19
Qi Xing, Zichen Qian, Mitchell Tahtinen, Ai Hui Yap, Keegan Yates, Feng Zhao
There is a large demand for tissue engineered vascular grafts for the application of vascular reconstruction surgery or in vitro drug screening tissue model. The extracellular matrix (ECM) composition along with the structural and mechanical anisotropy of native blood vessels is critical to their functional performance. The objective of this study is to develop a biomimetic vascular graft recapitulating the anisotropic features of native blood vessels by employing nanofibrous aligned fibroblast-derived ECM and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs)...
February 9, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164414/microfluidic-traction-force-microscopy-to-study-mechanotransduction-in-angiogenesis
#20
Luke Boldock, Claudia Wittkowske, Cecile M Perrault
The formation of new blood vessels from existing vasculature, angiogenesis, is driven by coordinated endothelial cell migration and matrix remodelling in response to local signals. Recently, a growing body of evidence has shown that mechanotransduction, along with chemotransduction, is a major regulator of angiogenesis. Mechanical signals, such as fluid shear stress and substrate mechanics, influence sprouting and network formation, but the mechanisms behind this relationship are still unclear. Here, we present cellular traction forces as possible effectors activated by mechanosensing to mediate matrix remodelling, and encourage the use of traction force microscopy to study mechanotransduction in angiogenesis...
February 6, 2017: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
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