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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820722/house-structure-is-associated-with-plasmodium-falciparum-infection-in-a-low-transmission-setting-in-southern-zambia
#1
Matthew M Ippolito, Kelly M Searle, Harry Hamapumbu, Timothy M Shields, Jennifer C Stevenson, Philip E Thuma, William J Moss, For The Southern Africa International Center Of Excellence For Malaria Research
House structure may influence the risk of malaria by affecting mosquito entry and indoor resting. Identification of construction features associated with protective benefits could inform vector control approaches, even in low-transmission settings. We examined the association between house structure and malaria prevalence in a cross-sectional analysis of 2,788 children and adults residing in 866 houses in a low-transmission area of Southern Province, Zambia, over the period 2008-2012. Houses were categorized according to wall (brick/cement block or mud/grass) and roof (metal or grass) material...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814289/cohort-study-on-living-arrangements-of-older-men-and-women-and-risk-for-basic-activities-of-daily-living-disability-findings-from-the-ages-project
#2
Tami Saito, Chiyoe Murata, Jun Aida, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Living arrangements of older adults have changed worldwide with increasing solitary and non-spouse households, which could affect social care systems. However, the relationship between these households and disability onset has remained unclear. We examined the relationship between living arrangements and the onset of basic activities of daily living disability in older adults, with a focus on gender differences and cohabitation status of those without a spouse. METHODS: Data from 6600 men and 6868 women aged 65 years or older without disability were obtained from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study Project in Japan...
August 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813298/infidelity-in-romantic-relationships
#3
REVIEW
Frank D Fincham, Ross W May
This article summarizes the current state of research on the prediction of infidelity and provides a foundation for advancing knowledge on this topic by offering specific recommendations for future research. The prevalence, terminological diversity, and impact of infidelity on numerous indicators of wellness is first discussed. This is followed by a discussion of the individual, relationship, and contextual factors that have received systematic attention in attempting to predict infidelity. Highlights include various demographics, the closing gender gap, cohabitation, religion, and the role of the internet in facilitating infidelity...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813281/romantic-relationships-and-mental-health
#4
REVIEW
Scott Braithwaite, Julianne Holt-Lunstad
This paper reviews the research on relationships and mental health. Individuals who are more mentally healthy are more likely to select into relationships, but relationships are also demonstrably associated with mental health. The type of relationship matters - evidence suggests that more established, committed relationships, such as marriage, are associated with greater benefits than less committed unions such as cohabitation. The association between relationships and mental health is clearly bidirectional, however, stronger effects are observed when mental health is the outcome and relationships are the predictor, suggesting that the causal arrow flows more strongly from relationships to mental health than vice versa...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812472/modifiable-risk-factors-associated-with-bronchiolitis
#5
Raffaella Nenna, Renato Cutrera, Antonella Frassanito, Claudia Alessandroni, Ambra Nicolai, Giulia Cangiano, Laura Petrarca, Serena Arima, Serena Caggiano, Nicola Ullman, Paola Papoff, Enea Bonci, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: We sought to clarify possibly modifiable risk factors related to pollution responsible for acute bronchiolitis in hospitalized infants. METHODS: For this observational study, we recruited 213 consecutive infants with bronchiolitis (cases: median age: 2 months; age range: 0.5-12 months; boys: 55.4%) and 213 children aged <3 years (controls: median age: 12 months; age range: 0.5-36 months; boys: 54.5%) with a negative medical history for lower respiratory tract diseases hospitalized at 'Sapienza' University Rome and IRCCS Bambino Gesù Hospital...
August 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807389/the-opportunity-costs-of-caring-for-people-with-dementia-in-southern-spain
#6
Manuel Ruiz-Adame Reina, Manuel Correa, Katherine Burton
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to study the opportunity costs (OC) that are involved in being a caregiver and to compare them with the direct costs assumed by the State and the families. We evaluate direct cost (those that imply a payment-out-of-pocket) and indirect cost (those that imply a dedication in time). We hypothesized that costs increase with the severity of the dementia, with the educational level and active occupational situation of caregiver. They are greater if the caregiver is male, but if the patient and caregiver cohabit they are reduced...
August 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801191/household-survey-of-hiv-incidence-in-rwanda-a-national-observational-cohort-study
#7
Sabin Nsanzimana, Eric Remera, Steve Kanters, Augustin Mulindabigwi, Amitabh B Suthar, Jean Paul Uwizihiwe, Mutagoma Mwumvaneza, Edward J Mills, Heiner C Bucher
BACKGROUND: In Rwanda, HIV prevalence among adults aged 15-49 years has been stable at 3% since 2005. The aim of this study was to characterise HIV incidence across Rwanda. METHODS: We did a nationally representative, prospective HIV incidence survey for the period of 2013-14, which used two-stage sampling. We randomly selected 492 villages in the first sampling stage and 14 households per village in the second stage. Participants completed a questionnaire and 14 140 people were tested for HIV...
August 8, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800840/comparing-low-income-mother-and-fathers-concern-for-young-children-s-weight
#8
Rachel L Vollmer, Amy R Mobley
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to compare the relationship of mother and father (1) perceived child weight and child body mass index (BMI) z-score, (2) concern for child's current weight and child BMI z-score, and (3) concern for child's future weight and child BMI z-score. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included low-income mothers (n=30) and fathers (n=30) with a young child (3 to 10years old) from the same household. Each parent completed select items from the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) with a trained interviewer...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796826/health-behaviors-and-union-dissolution-among-parents-of-young-children-differences-by-marital-status
#9
Jess M Meyer, Christine Percheski
Previous research finds that marriage is associated with better health and lower mortality, and one of the mechanisms underlying this association is health-related selection out of marriage. Using longitudinal survey data from 2,348 couples from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we examine whether certain health behaviors-smoking and binge drinking-are associated with risk of union dissolution among couples with young children. We use discrete time hazard models to test whether associations between health behaviors and union dissolution differ between married and cohabiting parents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792943/discovery-of-aspergillus-frankstonensis-sp-nov-during-environmental-sampling-for-animal-and-human-fungal-pathogens
#10
Jessica J Talbot, Jos Houbraken, Jens C Frisvad, Robert A Samson, Sarah E Kidd, John Pitt, Sue Lindsay, Julia A Beatty, Vanessa R Barrs
Invasive fungal infections (IFI) due to species in Aspergillus section Fumigati (ASF), including the Aspergillus viridinutans species complex (AVSC), are increasingly reported in humans and cats. The risk of exposure to these medically important fungi in Australia is unknown. Air and soil was sampled from the domiciles of pet cats diagnosed with these IFI and from a nature reserve in Frankston, Victoria, where Aspergillus viridinutans sensu stricto was discovered in 1954. Of 104 ASF species isolated, 61% were A...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792421/mass-mortalities-of-unknown-aetiology-in-pacific-oysters-crassostrea-gigas-in-port-stephens-new-south-wales-australia
#11
Jeffrey Go, Ania T Deutscher, Zoe B Spiers, Kirk Dahle, Peter D Kirkland, Cheryl Jenkins
From January to June 2013 and November to January 2014, mass mortalities were reported in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas cultivated in Port Stephens estuary, New South Wales, Australia. In some cases, 100% mortality was reported in both triploid and diploid C. gigas, although native species of oyster cultivated in the same areas remained unaffected. Histological examination of oysters sampled from the time of mortality events revealed consistent but non-specific pathology, involving a diffuse haemocytic infiltrate in the connective tissue surrounding the digestive gland, extending into the mantle in some instances, but no other signs of any infectious aetiological agent...
August 9, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783219/childcare-by-grandparents-in-married-and-cohabiting-couples-evidence-from-italy
#12
Silvia Meggiolaro
The process of union formation and the context of childrearing have profoundly changed with the spread of cohabitation in the last few decades. It is only recently that some attention has been paid to the implications of these changes for family ties. This study considers, with reference to Italy, a specific relationship between individuals in couples and their family of origin - childcare by grandparents. The aim of the paper is twofold. First, we investigate whether children of cohabiting couples are cared for by their grandparents to a lower extent compared to children of married couples...
August 7, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777953/sleep-duration-and-its-association-with-demographics-lifestyle-factors-poor-mental-health-and-chronic-diseases-in-older-chinese-adults
#13
Shibin Wang, Yanhua Wu, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Brent P Forester, Jennifer R Gatchel, Helen F K Chiu, Changgui Kou, Yingli Fu, Yue Qi, Yaqin Yu, Bo Li, Yu-Tao Xiang
This study investigated the total sleep time (TST) and its associated factors in an older Chinese adult population. Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4,115 older adults aged 60 to 79 years were selected and interviewed. Sleep duration was classified as short ( 8h per day) and medium sleep (7-8h per day). The total mean sleep time was 6.86±1.75h. Short and long sleepers accounted for 45.2% and 14.8% of the sample, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that inadequate fruit intake and poor mental health were positively associated with short sleep, and married/cohabitation status and living in rural areas was negatively associated with short sleep...
July 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774191/household-decision-making-power-and-the-mental-health-and-well-being-of-women-initiating-antiretroviral-treatment-in-oromia-ethiopia
#14
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
Low decision-making power (DMP) has been associated with HIV seropositivity among women in sub-Saharan Africa. As treatment accessibility and life expectancy for HIV-positive individuals increase, greater attention to the mental health and well-being of HIV-positive women is needed. This study examined whether low DMP was associated with psychological distress, social support or health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among women initiating ART. The sample included 722 women aged 18 or older initiating ART during 2012-2013 at six HIV clinics in Oromia, Ethiopia...
August 3, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767688/cross-reaction-between-formosan-termite-coptotermes-formosanus-proteins-and-cockroach-allergens
#15
Christopher P Mattison, Taruna Khurana, Matthew R Tarver, Christopher B Florane, Casey C Grimm, Suman B Pakala, Carrie B Cottone, Claudia Riegel, Yvette Bren-Mattison, Jay E Slater
Cockroach allergens can lead to serious allergy and asthma symptoms. Termites are evolutionarily related to cockroaches, cohabitate in human dwellings, and represent an increasing pest problem in the United States. The Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus) is one of the most common species in the southern United States. Several assays were used to determine if C. formosanus termite proteins cross-react with cockroach allergens. Expressed sequence tag and genomic sequencing results were searched for homology to cockroach allergens using BLAST 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761935/the-skin-microbiome-of-cohabiting-couples
#16
Ashley A Ross, Andrew C Doxey, Josh D Neufeld
Distinct microbial communities inhabit individuals as part of the human skin microbiome and are continually shed to the surrounding environment. Microbial communities from 17 skin sites of 10 sexually active cohabiting couples (20 individuals) were sampled to test whether cohabitation impacts an individual's skin microbiome, leading to shared skin microbiota among partner pairs. Amplified 16S rRNA genes of bacteria and archaea from a total of 340 skin swabs were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing, and the results demonstrated that cohabitation was significantly associated with microbial community composition, although this association was greatly exceeded by characteristics of body location and individuality...
July 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760761/adult-sex-ratio-and-social-status-predict-mating-and-parenting-strategies-in-northern-ireland
#17
Caroline Uggla, Ruth Mace
Evidence from animal species indicates that a male-biased adult sex ratio (ASR) can lead to higher levels of male parental investment and that there is heterogeneity in behavioural responses to mate scarcity depending on mate value. In humans, however, there is little consistent evidence of the effect of the ASR on pair-bond stability and parental investment and even less of how it varies by an individual's mate value. In this paper we use detailed census data from Northern Ireland to test the association between the ASR and pair-bond stability and parental investment by social status (education and social class) as a proxy for mate value...
September 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754166/male-reproductive-health-challenges-appraisal-of-wives-coping-strategies
#18
Emmanuel O Amoo, Adekunbi K Omideyi, Theophilus O Fadayomi, Mofoluwake P Ajayi, Gbolahan A Oni, Adenike E Idowu
BACKGROUND: Systematic studies on the association between men's sexual dysfunction (low sexual desire, ejaculation disorders, erectile dysfunctions, genital ulcers, testicular disorders, prostate cancer or sexually transmitted infections) and marital conflict are emerging. However, the coping strategies adopted by wives in such circumstances are not commonly reported in the literature. Male sexual functioning is vital to the marital relationship, lack of it can result in intolerable cohabitation or relationship breakdown, and could also cause infertility, infidelity, and arouse stigma in Nigeria...
July 28, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745832/a-survey-of-salmon-gill-poxvirus-sgpv-in-wild-salmonids-in-norway
#19
Å H Garseth, M C Gjessing, T Moldal, A G Gjevre
In 2016, the Norwegian health monitoring programme for wild salmonids conducted a real-time PCR-based screening for salmon gill poxvirus (SGPV) in anadromous Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus L.), anadromous and non-anadromous Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and trout (Salmo trutta L.). SGPV was widely distributed in wild Atlantic salmon returning from marine migration. In addition, characteristic gill lesions, including apoptosis, were detected in this species. A low amount of SGPV DNA, as indicated by high Ct-values, was detected in anadromous trout, but only in fish cohabiting with SGPV-positive salmon...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745821/comparative-pathogenesis-of-piscirickettsiosis-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l-post-smolt-experimentally-challenged-with-lf-89-like-and-em-90-like-piscirickettsia-salmonis-isolates
#20
M Rozas-Serri, R Ildefonso, A Peña, R Enríquez, S Barrientos, L Maldonado
Piscirickettsiosis (SRS) is the most prevalent bacterial disease in Chilean salmon aquaculture and is responsible for high economic losses. The aim of this study was to comparatively characterize the pathogenesis of SRS in post-smolt Atlantic salmon during the early and late stages of infection with Piscirickettsia salmonis LF-89-like (PS-LF-89) and EM-90-like (PS-EM-90) using a cohabitation challenge. The pathogenesis of cohabitant fish infected with the two isolates was relatively different due to cohabitant fish infected with PS-EM-90 showing higher cumulative mortality and shorter time until death compared with PS-LF-89 fish...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
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