keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cohabitation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719498/incidence-of-active-tuberculosis-and-cohort-retention-among-adolescents-in-western-kenya
#1
Videlis Nduba, Anna H Van't Hoog, Ellen M H Mitchell, Martien Borgdorff, Kayla F Laserson
SETTING: Siaya County, with the highest tuberculosis notification rates in Kenya. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of active tuberculosis and one year cohort retention in 12-18 year old adolescents, in preparation for Phase III tuberculosis vaccine trials. METHODS: Adolescents were enrolled and followed up for 1-2 years to determine tuberculosis incidence. Adolescents with a positive tuberculin skin test (TST), history of cohabitation with a tuberculosis case, or at least one tuberculosis symptom received clinical and sputum examination and a chest radiograph...
July 14, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716995/impact-of-gp-reminders-on-follow-up-of-abnormal-cervical-cytology-a-before-after-study-in-danish-general-practice
#2
Bettina Kjær Kristiansen, Berit Andersen, Flemming Bro, Hans Svanholm, Peter Vedsted
BACKGROUND: Dysplasia may progress because of a loss to follow-up after an abnormal cervical cytology. Approximately 18% of Danish women postpone the recommended follow-up, which depends on the cytology results. AIM: To investigate if a reminder to the GP about missed follow-up could reduce the proportion of women who fail to act on a recommended follow-up, and to analyse the effect on sociodemographic and general practice variations. DESIGN AND SETTING: A national electronic GP reminder system was launched in Denmark in 2012 to target missed follow-up after screening, opportunistic testing, or surveillance indication...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715646/l-form-bacteria-cohabitants-in-human-blood-significance-for-health-and-diseases
#3
Nadya D Markova
From a historical perspective, intriguing assumptions about unknown "live units" in human blood have attracted the attention of researchers, reflecting their desire to define a new class of microorganisms. Thus, the concept of "blood microbiota" brings about many questions about the nature, origin, and biological significance of the "unusual microbial cohabitants" in human blood. In contrast to current views that bloodstream in healthy humans is sterile, the hypothesis about the existence of microbes as L-forms (cell wall deficient bacteria) in human blood has evolved on the basis of known facts about their unique biology, as observed in our studies and those of other authors...
May 2017: Discovery Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713212/family-structure-transitions-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-puerto-rican-children
#4
Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Ruth E Eisenberg, Hector R Bird, Glorisa J Canino, Cristiane S Duarte
This paper examines whether family structure and its transitions are associated with internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders among Puerto Rican-origin children. It uses longitudinal data (three waves) from the Boricua Youth Study, which includes probability samples of children in the South Bronx (New York) and San Juan (Puerto Rico) (n = 2,142). We also examine factors which may explain how family structure and transitions may be related to child psychiatric disorders. Our results show that for both internalizing and externalizing disorders there were no significant differences between children of cohabiting (biological or step) parents or of single parents compared to children of married biological parents...
November 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709755/validity-and-usefulness-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-in-carers-of-people-with-dementia-evidence-from-confirmatory-factor-analysis-concurrent-validity-and-measurement-invariance-in-a-large-sample
#5
Joshua Stott, Martin Orrell, Georgina Charlesworth
OBJECTIVE: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a self-report measure of anxiety and depression. It is recommended for clinical assessment and has been used as the primary outcome in large clinical trials with carers of people with dementia. Its validity and utility have never been examined in this population. The current study addresses this. METHODS: In a secondary analysis of baseline data from a recent intervention trial (N = 284) with cross-validation in baseline data from a second trial (N = 230), the authors used confirmatory factor analysis to test whether a one-, two-, or three-factor structure best fit the data and used indices of model misspecification to respecify...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709042/perinatal-exposure-of-pregnant-rats-to-cypermethrin-delays-testicular-descent-impairs-fertility-in-f1-male-progeny-leading-to-developmental-defects-in-f2-generation
#6
Dipty Singh, Sharad Bhagat, Paula Raijiwala, Vikas Dighe, Geeta Vanage
Cypermethrin (CYP) is a widely used synthetic pyrethroid insecticide and regarded as a potential endocrine disruptor. CYP exposure may pose a great risk to human health including adverse effect on their reproductive functions. This study aimed to delineate the effects of perinatal exposure of rats to CYP on the sexual maturation and fertility of F1 male progeny. Pregnant rats (F0) were gavaged daily with CYP (0, 1, 10, 25 mg/kg BW/day) and Diethylestilbestrol (DES, 10 μg/kg BW/day), as positive control from gestation day 6 to postnatal day 21...
July 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702793/the-gut-eukaryotic-microbiota-influences-the-growth-performance-among-cohabitating-shrimp
#7
Wenfang Dai, Weina Yu, Jinjie Zhang, Jinyong Zhu, Zhen Tao, Jinbo Xiong
Increasing evidence has revealed a close interplay between the gut bacterial communities and host growth performance. However, until recently, studies generally ignored the contribution of eukaryotes, endobiotic organisms. To fill this gap, we used Illumina sequencing technology on eukaryotic 18S rRNA gene to compare the structures of gut eukaryotic communities among cohabitating retarded, overgrown, and normal shrimp obtained from identically managed ponds. Results showed that a significant difference between gut eukaryotic communities differed significantly between water and intestine and among three shrimp categories...
July 12, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701997/early-intranasal-vasopressin-administration-impairs-partner-preference-in-adult-male-prairie-voles-microtus-ochrogaster
#8
Trenton C Simmons, Jessica F Balland, Janeet Dhauna, Sang Yun Yang, Jason L Traina, Jessica Vazquez, Karen L Bales
Research supports a modulatory role for arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the expression of socially motivated behaviors in mammals. The acute effects of AVP administration are demonstrably pro-social across species, providing the justification for an ever-increasing measure of clinical interest over the last decade. Combining these results with non-invasive intranasal delivery results in an attractive system for offering intranasal AVP (IN-AVP) as a therapeutic for the social impairments of children with autism spectrum disorder...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700748/hypoxia-tolerance-and-responses-to-hypoxic-stress-during-heart-and-skeletal-muscle-inflammation-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#9
Morten Lund, Maria Krudtaa Dahle, Gerrit Timmerhaus, Marta Alarcon, Mark Powell, Vidar Aspehaug, Espen Rimstad, Sven Martin Jørgensen
Heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) is associated with Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) infection and is an important disease in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) aquaculture. Since PRV infects erythrocytes and farmed salmon frequently experience environmental hypoxia, the current study examined mutual effects of PRV infection and hypoxia on pathogenesis and fish performance. Furthermore, effects of HSMI on hypoxia tolerance, cardiorespiratory performance and blood oxygen transport were studied. A cohabitation trial including PRV-infected post-smolts exposed to periodic hypoxic stress (4 h of 40% O2; PRV-H) at 4, 7 and 10 weeks post-infection (WPI) and infected fish reared under normoxic conditions (PRV) was conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697814/antiprotozoal-effects-of-metal-nanoparticles-against-ichthyophthirius-multifiliis
#10
Mona Saleh, Abdel-Azeem Abdel-Baki, Mohamed A Dkhil, Mansour El-Matbouli, Saleh Al-Quraishy
Ichthyophthirius multifiliis is a widespread, ciliated protozoan ectoparasite of fish. In the present study, we investigated the effects of metal nanoparticles on the reproduction and infectivity of free-living stages of I. multifiliis. We determined that ~50% of theronts could be killed within 30 min of exposure to either 20 ng mL-1 gold, 10 ng mL-1 silver or 5 ng mL-1 zinc oxide nanoparticles. Silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles at concentration of 10 and 5 ng mL-1 killed 100 and 97% of theronts, respectively and inhibited reproduction of tomonts after 2 h exposure...
July 12, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690607/modulation-of-inter-kingdom-communication-by-phcbsr-quorum-sensing-system-in-ralstonia-solanacearum-phylotype-i-strain-gmi1000
#11
Peng Li, Wenfang Yin, Jinli Yan, Yufan Chen, Shuna Fu, Shihao Song, Jianuan Zhou, Mingfa Lyu, Yinyue Deng, Lian-Hui Zhang
Ralstonia solanacearum is a ubiquitous soil-borne plant pathogenic bacterium, which frequently encounters and interacts with other soil cohabitants in competition for environmental niches. Ralsolamycin, which is encoded by the rmy genes, has been characterized as a novel inter-kingdom interaction signal that induces chlamydospore development in fungi. In this study, we provide the first genetic evidence that the rmy gene expression is controlled by the PhcBSR quorum sensing (QS) system in strain GMI1000. Mutation of phcB could lead to significant reduction of the expression levels of the genes involved in ralsolamycin biosynthesis...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688011/separation-anxiety-among-birth-assigned-male-children-in-a-specialty-gender-identity-service
#12
Doug P VanderLaan, Alanna Santarossa, A Natisha Nabbijohn, Hayley Wood, Allison Owen-Anderson, Kenneth J Zucker
Previous research suggested that separation anxiety disorder (SAD) is overrepresented among birth-assigned male children clinic-referred for gender dysphoria (GD). The present study examined maternally reported separation anxiety of birth-assigned male children assessed in a specialty gender identity service (N = 360). SAD was determined in relation to DSM-III and DSM-IV criteria, respectively. A dimensional metric of separation anxiety was examined in relation to several additional factors: age, ethnicity, parental marital status and social class, IQ, gender nonconformity, behavioral and emotional problems, and poor peer relations...
July 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685595/the-association-between-loneliness-and-health%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-survey-based-study-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-denmark
#13
Mathilde Amalie Buchwald Jessen, Anna Vera Jørring Pallesen, Margit Kriegbaum, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: While the association between overall poor health and loneliness among older adults continues to be examined closely, less attention has been given to middle-aged adults. This paper examines the relationship between loneliness and health as measured by self-rated health, physical ability and multi-morbidity in a large sample of Danish adults between the ages of 52-92 years. Furthermore, it identifies vulnerable groups with regard to the year of birth and gender. METHOD: We apply the survey-study method, using data collected by The Danish National Centre for Social Research in 2012...
July 7, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679494/temporal-trend-in-dementia-incidence-since-2002-and-projections-for-prevalence-in-england-and-wales-to-2040-modelling-study
#14
Sara Ahmadi-Abhari, Maria Guzman-Castillo, Piotr Bandosz, Martin J Shipley, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mika Kivimäki, Andrew Steptoe, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty, Eric J Brunner
Objective To forecast dementia prevalence with a dynamic modelling approach that integrates calendar trends in dementia incidence with those for mortality and cardiovascular disease.Design Modelling study.Setting General adult population of England and Wales.Participants The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) is a representative panel study with six waves of data across 2002-13. Men and women aged 50 or more years, selected randomly, and their cohabiting partners were recruited to the first wave of ELSA (2002-03)...
July 5, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678799/infection-experiments-with-novel-piscine-orthoreovirus-from-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-in-salmonids
#15
Helena Hauge, Niccolo Vendramin, Torunn Taksdal, Anne Berit Olsen, Øystein Wessel, Susie Sommer Mikkelsen, Anna Luiza Farias Alencar, Niels Jørgen Olesen, Maria Krudtaa Dahle
A new disease in farmed rainbow trout (Onchorhyncus mykiss) was described in Norway in 2013. The disease mainly affected the heart and resembled heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). HSMI is associated with Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV), and a search for a similar virus in the diseased rainbow trout led to detection of a sequence with 85% similarity to PRV. This finding called for a targeted effort to assess the risk the new PRV-variant pose on farmed rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon by studying infection and disease pathogenesis, aiming to provide more diagnostic knowledge...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678650/cultural-practices-gender-inequality-and-inconsistent-condom-use-increase-vulnerability-to-hiv-infection-narratives-from-married-and-cohabiting-women-in-rural-communities-in-mpumalanga-province-south-africa
#16
Sphiwe Madiba, Nomsa Ngwenya
BACKGROUND: Women in sub-Saharan Africa bear the brunt of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, and older married women and those in cohabiting relationships are regarded as the largest HIV risk group. Although preventing HIV infection in married or stable relationships is an international HIV prevention priority, little is known about the influence of sociocultural contexts on safe-sex practice by women, particularly older women in rural communities in South Africa. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine how older women in a rural patriarchal society negotiate safer sex within marital and long-term cohabitation relationships, and their perceptions and experiences of barriers that influence condom use...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675695/predictors-of-treatment-response-to-psychological-interventions-in-people-at-clinical-high-risk-of-first-episode-psychosis
#17
Helen Wessels, Michael Wagner, Kathrin Kuhr, Julia Berning, Verena Pützfeld, Birgit Janssen, Ronald Bottlender, Kurt Maurer, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Wolfgang Gaebel, Heinz Häfner, Wolfgang Maier, Joachim Klosterkötter, Andreas Bechdolf
AIM: Psychological interventions, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and supportive counselling (SC), are used to treat people with schizophrenia and people at clinical high risk (CHR) of psychosis. However, little information is available on predictors of treatment response. This study aims to identify such predictors of psychological interventions in CHR. METHODS: A total of 128 help-seeking CHR outpatients were randomized into two groups-integrated psychological intervention (IPI), including CBT, and SC-for 12 months...
July 4, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672292/association-between-pregnancy-and-perinatal-outcomes-among-women-with-epilepsy
#18
Neda Razaz, Torbjörn Tomson, Anna-Karin Wikström, Sven Cnattingius
Importance: To date, few attempts have been made to examine associations between exposure to maternal epilepsy with or without antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy and pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Objectives: To investigate associations between epilepsy in pregnancy and risks of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes as well as whether use of AEDs influenced risks. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based cohort study was conducted on all singleton births at 22 or more completed gestational weeks in Sweden from 1997 through 2011; of these, 1 424 279 were included in the sample...
July 3, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665607/european-starlings-sturnus-vulgaris-as-sentinels-of-urban-air-pollution-a-comprehensive-approach-from-non-invasive-to-post-mortem-investigation
#19
Michelle A North, David Kinniburgh, Judit E G Smits
Urban, traffic-related air pollution remains a concern to health-care and environmental professionals, with mounting evidence connecting diverse disease conditions with exposure. Wildlife species such as European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) cohabit urban neighbourhoods and may serve as sentinels for these contaminants. In this novel approach, we use passive, personal-type air samplers to provide site-specific measurements of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs, such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes, or BTEX), and account for the effects of confounding environmental factors when teasing out the responses to exposure...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665068/comparison-of-the-birth-statistics-between-multi-cultural-and-korean-families-in-korea-2015
#20
Sung Hoon Chung, Chong Woo Bae
Since 2002, the number of marriages, births, and family members among multi-cultural families (MCFs) has increased. Beginning in 2006, the government initiated a planned management for such families and has implemented the MCF policy basic plan since 2010. In 2015, with multiple socio-economic and medical support initiatives for MCF being available, we analyzed the statistics for several factors related to birth, to determine whether there are significant adverse birth outcomes in MCF. We analyzed the birth data of MCFs in 2015, from Statistics Korea...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
keyword
keyword
6819
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"