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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636234/association-of-recent-gay-related-stressful-events-and-emotional-distress-with-suicidal-behaviors-over-12%C3%A2-months-in-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Liya Yu, Yanxia Li, Li Liu, Shuang Li, Jun Na, Xiaoxia An, Yan Zhou, Yuan Gu, Xuejuan Bi, Huijuan Mu, Rui Zhang, Wen Dong, Guowei Pan
INTRODUCTION: The study was designed to assess the association of gay-related stressful events (GRSEs) and emotional distress with suicidal behaviors over a 12-month period in Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: A total of 807 MSM were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling method from 4 cities in northeastern China. The GRSEs were measured using the Gay-related Stressful Life Events Scale, depression using the Self-rating Depression Scale, and anxiety using the Self-rating Anxiety Scale...
June 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633049/physical-activity-correlates-among-24-230-people-with-depression-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Jouni Lahti, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, James Mugisha, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data available on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with depression, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in this setting. METHODS: World Health Survey data included 24,230 adults (43.1 ± 16.1 years; 36.1% male) with ICD-10 diagnoses of depression including brief depressive episode and subsyndromal depression aged ≥ 18 years from 46 LMICs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629330/breast-cancer-patient-delay-in-fukushima-japan-following-the-2011-triple-disaster-a-long-term-retrospective-study
#3
Akihiko Ozaki, Shuhei Nomura, Claire Leppold, Masaharu Tsubokura, Tetsuya Tanimoto, Takeru Yokota, Shigehira Saji, Toyoaki Sawano, Manabu Tsukada, Tomohiro Morita, Sae Ochi, Shigeaki Kato, Masahiro Kami, Tsuyoshi Nemoto, Yukio Kanazawa, Hiromichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: Little information is available concerning how patient delay may be affected by mass disasters. The main objectives of the present study are to identify whether there was a post-disaster increase in the risk of experiencing patient delay among breast cancer patients in an area affected by the 2011 triple disaster in Fukushima, Japan, and to elucidate factors associated with post-disaster patient delay. Sociodemographic factors (age, employment status, cohabitant status and evacuation status), health characteristics, and health access- and disaster-related factors were specifically considered...
June 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628806/resilience-and-spirituality-in-patients-with-depression-and-their-family-members-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Chisa Ozawa, Takefumi Suzuki, Yuya Mizuno, Ryosuke Tarumi, Kazunari Yoshida, Kazuhito Fujii, Jinichi Hirano, Hideaki Tani, Ellen B Rubinstein, Masaru Mimura, Hiroyuki Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The degree and quality of resilience in patients with depression have never been investigated in the context of remission status, spirituality/religiosity, and family members' resilience levels, which was addressed in this study. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited Japanese outpatients with depressive disorder according to ICD-10 and cohabitant family members who were free from psychiatric diagnoses. Resilience was assessed using the 25-item Resilience Scale (RS)...
June 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627910/at-home-partner-sleep-functioning-over-the-course-of-military-deployment
#5
Katherine E Miller, Erin Koffel, Mark D Kramer, Christopher R Erbes, Paul A Arbisi, Melissa A Polusny
Although the negative effects of deployment on the health of military spouses have been studied, research on sleep disruptions remains limited. This study investigates trajectories of sleep complaints over the course of deployment and predictors of these changes among a cohort of at-home partners. Data were drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS-2) project, a prospective, longitudinal study of National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq/Kuwait (2011-2012) and their intimate partners...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627492/fate-of-redspotted-grouper-nervous-necrosis-virus-rgnnv-in-experimentally-challenged-manila-clam-ruditapes-philippinarum
#6
E Volpe, N Pagnini, P Serratore, S Ciulli
Redspotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV), genus Betanodavirus, family Nodaviridae, is the causative agent of viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (otherwise known as viral nervous necrosis) and can infect several fish species worldwide. Betanodaviruses, including RGNNV, are very resilient in the aquatic environment, and their presence has already been reported in several wild marine species including invertebrates. In order to investigate the interaction between a bivalve mollusc (Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum) and RGNNV, we optimised a culture-based method...
June 19, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626245/psychological-well-being-among-older-adults-the-role-of-partnership-status
#7
Matthew R Wright, Susan L Brown
Today's older adults are increasingly unmarried. Some are in cohabiting unions, others are dating, and many remain unpartnered. Unmarried older adults are at risk of poorer well-being than the married, but it is unclear whether older cohabitors fare worse than or similar to their married counterparts. Nor have well-being differences among cohabitors, daters, and unpartnered persons been considered. Conceptualizing marital status as a continuum of social attachment, data from Waves I and II of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project are used to examine how older married, cohabiting, dating, and unpartnered individuals differ across multiple indicators of psychological well-being...
June 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618150/impact-of-family-characteristics-by-marital-status-of-cohabitating-adult-children-on-depression-among-korean-older-adults
#8
Juyeong Kim, Young Choi, Jae Woo Choi, Jin Young Nam, Eun-Cheol Park
AIM: To identify the association between different living arrangements of intergenerational household composition and depression in older adults. METHODS: Data from the Korea Longitudinal Study of Aging, the first to fourth waves, were used. Using the first wave as baseline, our analysis included 5046 participants aged ≥60 years with at least one living child. Depression was measured using the 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Factors investigated included living arrangements according to household composition and the marital status of a cohabiting adult child...
June 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616473/ten-years-of-the-tiger-aedes-albopictus-presence-in-australia-since-its-discovery-in-the-torres-strait-in-2005
#9
REVIEW
Andrew F van den Hurk, Jay Nicholson, Nigel W Beebe, Joe Davis, Odwell M Muzari, Richard C Russell, Gregor J Devine, Scott A Ritchie
The "Asian tiger mosquito", Aedes albopictus, is highly invasive, an aggressive biter and a major arbovirus vector. It is not currently present on mainland Australia despite being intercepted on numerous occasions at international ports and infesting the Torres Strait of Australia since at least 2004. In the current paper, we describe the invasion and current status of Ae. albopictus in the Torres Strait, as well as research conducted to assess the threat of this species becoming established in arbovirus transmission cycles on the Australian mainland...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609173/residential-traffic-noise-exposure-and-vestibular-schwannoma-a-danish-case-control-study
#10
Nina Roswall, Sven-Eric Stangerup, Per Cayé-Thomasen, Joachim Schüz, Christoffer Johansen, Steen Solvang Jensen, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Mette Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Few risk factors for sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) are known. Several studies have proposed an increased risk with occupational noise exposure, whereas no studies have investigated residential traffic noise exposure as a risk factor. The present study investigated if residential traffic noise was associated with vestibular schwannoma in a large, population-based Danish case-control study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified 1454 VS cases, age above 30 years at diagnosis, between 1990 and 2007...
June 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605554/religious-heterogamy-and-partnership-quality-in-later-life
#11
Markus H Schafer, Soyoung Kwon
Objectives: Prior research points to the importance of couple-level religious similarity for multiple dimensions of partnership quality and stability but few studies have investigated whether this association holds for older couples. Method: The current article uses dyadic data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), a representative sample of 953 individuals age 62-91 plus their marital or cohabiting partners. We use modified actor-partner interdependence models...
June 9, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599776/educational-differentials-in-cohabitors-marriage-intentions-at-different-childbearing-stages-in-seven-european-countries
#12
Jorik Vergauwen, Karel Neels, Jonas Wood
Several studies have looked into the socio-economic gradients of cohabitation and non-marital fertility. According to the theory of the Second Demographic Transition, highly educated individuals can be considered as forerunners in the Western European spread of non-marital family forms after the 1970s. In Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), however, research has provided evidence for a Pattern of Disadvantage where those with the lowest education have been the most likely to adopt such family forms. Hitherto, few studies have considered the educational gradient of the intentions underlying these behaviors...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595490/the-protective-effect-of-pregnancy-on-risk-for-drug-abuse-a-population-co-relative-co-spouse-and-within-individual-analysis
#13
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Dace S Svikis, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine whether pregnancy is an intrinsic motivator for cessation of drug abuse. METHOD: The authors conducted prospective cohort, co-relative, co-spouse, and within-person analyses of registration for drug abuse during pregnancy among Swedish women born between 1980 and 1990 who gave birth between ages 20 and 35 (N=149,512). Drug abuse was assessed from medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: In the population, rates of drug abuse were lower during pregnancy (unadjusted odds ratio=0...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594373/an-fpga-based-wasn-for-remote-real-time-monitoring-of-endangered-species-a-case-study-on-the-birdsong-recognition-of-botaurus-stellaris
#14
Marcos Hervás, Rosa Ma Alsina-Pagès, Francesc Alías, Martí Salvador
Fast environmental variations due to climate change can cause mass decline or even extinctions of species, having a dramatic impact on the future of biodiversity. During the last decade, different approaches have been proposed to track and monitor endangered species, generally based on costly semi-automatic systems that require human supervision adding limitations in coverage and time. However, the recent emergence of Wireless Acoustic Sensor Networks (WASN) has allowed non-intrusive remote monitoring of endangered species in real time through the automatic identification of the sound they emit...
June 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593505/correlates-of-social-support-among-latino-immigrants
#15
Mary L Held
Latino immigrants encounter considerable stressors that pose risks to health and well-being during settlement in the USA. Social support serves as a protective factor that can help to buffer the negative effects of stress. Despite the importance of social support, we know little about how Latino immigrants differentially experience this protective factor. The current study analyzed data from 100 Latino immigrants residing in Tennessee. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was employed to examine variation in self-reported social support by immigrant characteristics and immigration-related factors...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591549/prevalence-and-correlates-of-condom-use-among-sexually-active-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-findings-from-the-national-survey-of-family-growth-2002-2006-10-and-2011-13
#16
Winston E Abara, Emeka Oraka, William L Jeffries, Pollyanna Chavez, Muazzam Nasrullah, Elizabeth DiNenno
Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately at risk of contracting HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs). Correct and consistent condom use is the most effective method to prevent HIV and other STIs among sexually active MSM. Methods: Using data from the 2002, 2006-10, 2011-13 cycles of the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), the overall prevalence of condom use at last sex and by sexual risk behaviours (sex with ≥2 same-sex partners, sex with ≥2 opposite sex partners, sex with a person who injects drugs, sex with an HIV-positive person and exchanged sex for money or drugs) among sexually active MSM (reported oral or anal sex with a male in the preceding 12 months) was estimated...
June 8, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579639/the-intergenerational-transmission-of-union-instability-in-early-adulthood
#17
Paul R Amato, Sarah Patterson
Research on the intergenerational transmission of divorce should be expanded to incorporate disrupted nonmarital cohabitations. The current study (1) examined the transmission of union instability from parents to offspring using Waves I and IV of Add Health, (2) replaced the binary variables (divorced versus non-divorced) typically used in this literature with count variables (number of disrupted unions), (3) relied on independent sources for data on parents' and offspring's union disruptions to minimize same-source bias, (4) assessed the mediating role of 11 theoretically derived variables (many not previously considered in this literature), and (5) incorporated information on discord in intact parental unions...
June 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578634/determinants-of-attending-antenatal-care-at-least-four-times-in-rural-ghana-analysis-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Evelyn Sakeah, Sumiyo Okawa, Abraham Rexford Oduro, Akira Shibanuma, Evelyn Ansah, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Margaret Gyapong, Seth Owusu-Agyei, John Williams, Cornelius Debpuur, Francis Yeji, Vida Ami Kukula, Yeetey Enuameh, Gloria Quansah Asare, Enoch Oti Agyekum, Sheila Addai, Doris Sarpong, Kwame Adjei, Charlotte Tawiah, Junko Yasuoka, Keiko Nanishi, Masamine Jimba, Abraham Hodgson, The Ghana Embrace Team
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health is a global challenge. In Ghana, maternal morbidity and mortality rates remain high, particularly in rural areas. Antenatal care (ANC) attendance is known to improve maternal health. However, few studies have updated current knowledge regarding determinants of ANC attendance. OBJECTIVE: This study examined factors associated with ANC attendance in predominantly rural Ghana. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at three sites (i...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574964/does-antiretroviral-therapy-change-partnership-dynamics-and-hiv-risk-behaviours-among-hiv-infected-adults
#19
Nuala McGrath, Erofili Grapsa
OBJECTIVE: We explore the impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on partnership acquisition and dissolution rates and changes in sexual behaviours among HIV-infected adults. DESIGN: Using detailed longitudinal data from a prospective cohort of HIV-infected adults with CD4 cell count below 200 cells/μl (ART-eligible) or CD4 cell count above 500 cells/μl (pre-ART) conducted in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, from 2009 to 2012. METHODS: Partnership acquisition and dissolution are explored through survival analysis methods, whereas generalized linear models were fitted for the sexual behaviour outcomes with interaction terms to allow the association with ART to vary over time...
June 19, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560613/the-relationship-between-neighborhood-disorder-social-networks-and-indoor-cigarette-smoking-among-impoverished-inner-city-residents
#20
Carl A Latkin, Tuo-Yen Tseng, Melissa Davey-Rothwell, Ryan D Kennedy, Meghan Bridgid Moran, Lauren Czaplicki, Catie Edwards, Oluwaseun Falade-Nwulia, Geetanjali Chander, Amy R Knowlton
Impoverished urban neighborhoods tend to have higher rates of smoking and higher rates of exposure to secondhand smoke as compared to more affluent neighborhoods. Contextual factors of neighborhood disorder and social network and household composition may have an impact on indoor smoking behaviors. The TIDE study examined psychosocial factors associated with smoking behaviors among impoverished inner-city smokers in Baltimore, Maryland. Among a community-recruited sample of 413 smokers who lived with others, most (73%) reported that they or others smoked in their residence...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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