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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421438/analysis-of-fatty-acid-composition-revealed-differences-in-the-diets-of-tadpoles-of-two-amphibian-species
#1
Yu Yu Dgebuadze, N N Sushchik, I V Bashinskiy, O N Makhutova, G S Kalacheva, V V Osipov, M I Gladyshev
The study of the composition of fatty acid markers of tadpoles of cohabiting amphibian species for the first time revealed differences in their diets: the moor frog Rana arvalis prefers bacteria not associated with plant detritus, whereas the diet of the common spadefoot Pelobates fuscus is based on cyanobacteria, green algae, diatoms, and possibly higher plants. Major differences in the fatty acid composition are determined by the difference in the percentage of eicosapentaenoic and myristic acids.
January 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420452/fathering-moderates-the-effects-of-maternal-depression-on-the-family-process
#2
Adam Vakrat, Yael Apter-Levy, Ruth Feldman
Maternal depression negatively impacts children's development, yet few studies have focused on fathering and the family process in cases of maternal depression. A community cohort of married/cohabitating women was recruited on the second postbirth day (N = 1,983) and maternal depression repeatedly assessed across the first year and again at 6 years to form two cohorts: mothers chronically depressed from birth to 6 (N = 46) and nondepressed controls (N = 103). At 6 years, mother-child, father-child, and family interactions were observed...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416034/cohabitation-and-union-dissolution-in-central-uganda-differences-between-cohabitors-and-non-cohabitors
#3
Charles Lwanga, Ishmael Kalule-Sabiti, Natal Ayiga
The aim of this paper was to establish whether the differences in the risks of union dissolution between cohabitors and non-cohabitors in Uganda have converged over time using event history data. Data were collected in 2013 from 1200 women in central Uganda using retrospective methods. Of these, 839 provided information on three types of first union: women who married directly (without first cohabiting), those who married following cohabitation and those who were still cohabiting. The data were analysed using decrement lifetable analysis...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414073/metabolic-and-affective-consequences-of-fatherhood-in-male-california-mice
#4
Meng Zhao, Theodore Garland, Mark A Chappell, Jacob Andrew, Wendy Saltzman
Physiological and affective condition can be modulated by the social environment and parental state in mammals. However, in species in which males assist with rearing offspring, the metabolic and affective effects of pair bonding and fatherhood on males have rarely been explored. In this study we tested the hypothesis that fathers, like mothers, experience energetic costs as well as behavioral and affective changes (e.g., depression; anxiety) associated with parenthood. We tested this hypothesis in the monogamous, biparental California mouse (Peromyscus californicus)...
April 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404466/factors-affecting-the-quality-of-life-among-chinese-rural-general-residents-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Y Chen, G Sun, X Guo, S Chen, Y Chang, Y Li, Y Sun
OBJECTIVES: The brief version of the World Health Organization's Quality of Life Instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) is widely used for evaluating the personal subjective quality of life (QOL) of patients and particular populations. However, in the absence of sufficient studies among the general population, normative data for WHOQOL-BREF remain scarce. To fill this gap, the present study explored more sociodemographic and health-related factors affecting the QOL. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 11,351 participants aged ≥35 years in rural areas of Liaoning Province were screened with a stratified cluster multistage sampling scheme in 2012-2013...
February 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403368/women-s-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-and-urinary-and-anal-incontinence-after-childbirth-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Priscila Tavares Zizzi, Karina Fernandes Trevisan, Nathalie Leister, Camila da Silva Cruz, Maria Luiza Gonzalez Riesco
OBJECTIVE: To analyse pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) and urinary and anal incontinence (UI and AI) in the postpartum period. METHOD: Cross-sectional study carried out with women in their first seven months after child birth. Data were collected through interviews, perineometry (Peritron™), and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF). RESULTS: 128 women participated in the study. The PFMS mean was 33...
April 10, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398955/does-art-change-partnership-dynamics-and-hiv-risk-behaviours-among-plwh-a-cohort-study-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#7
Nuala McGrath, Erofili Grapsa
OBJECTIVE: We explore the impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on partnership acquisition and dissolution rates and changes in sexual behaviours among HIV-infected adults. DESIGN: Using detailed longitudinal data from a prospective cohort of HIV-infected adults with CD4<200 cell/ml (ART-eligible) or CD4>500 cell/ml (pre-ART) conducted in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 2009-2012. METHODS: Partnership acquisition and dissolution are explored through survival analysis methods, while generalized linear models were fitted for the sexual behaviour outcomes with interaction terms to allow the association with ART to vary over time...
April 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398618/fertility-and-embryo-fetal-development-assessment-in-rats-and-rabbits-with-evacetrapib-a-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-inhibitor
#8
William J Breslin, Kim G Hilbish, Ellen A Cannady, Tammy L Edwards
BACKGROUND: The purpose of these studies was to evaluate the effects of evacetrapib on male and female fertility and on embryo-fetal development (EFD). METHODS: Evacetrapib, a potent and selective inhibitor of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), was administered daily by oral gavage starting 2 weeks (for female) or 4 weeks (for male) before mating, during cohabitation, and until necropsy in the male rat fertility study or through gestation day (GD) 17 in the female rat combined fertility/EFD study...
April 17, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395469/-the-situation-and-associated-factors-of-facility-based-hiv-testing-among-men-who-sex-with-men-in-beijing
#9
X L Ren, G D Mi, Y Zhao, K M Rou, D P Zhang, L Geng, Z H Chen, Z Y Wu
Objective: To understand the prevalence of facility-based HIV testing and its associated factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Beijing city. Methods: An application-based cross-sectional survey was employed to understand HIV site test situation and associated factors. The survey was carried out from May 14(th) to 21(st), 2016. Users of a smart phone application for gay dating were recruited and those eligible for this survey were investigated with an online self-administered questionnaire. Information of demographics, sexual behaviors, facility-based HIV testing history and recreational drug abuses were collected...
April 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384785/maternal-body-mass-index-in-early-pregnancy-and-risk-of-epilepsy-in-offspring
#10
Neda Razaz, Kristina Tedroff, Eduardo Villamor, Sven Cnattingius
Importance: There is growing concern about the long-term neurologic effects of prenatal exposure to maternal overweight and obesity. The causes of epilepsy are poorly understood and, in more than 60% of the patients, no definitive cause can be determined. Objectives: To investigate the association between early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the risk of childhood epilepsy and examine associations between obesity-related pregnancy and neonatal complications and risks of childhood epilepsy...
April 3, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384180/silent-dissemination-of-htlv-1-in-an-endemic-area-of-argentina-epidemiological-and-molecular-evidence-of-intrafamilial-transmission
#11
María C Frutos, Rene Gastaldello, Marcos Balangero, Carlos Remondegui, Sebastián Blanco, Koko Otsuki, Ana Carolina Paulo Vicente, David Elías, Arnaldo Mangeaud, Silvia Nates, Sandra Gallego
BACKGROUND: Molecular and epidemiological studies of transmission routes and risk factors for infection by HTLV-1 are extremely important in order to implement control measures, especially because of the high prevalence of HTLV-1 in several regions of the world. San Salvador de Jujuy, Northwest Argentina, is a highly endemic area for HTLV-1 and foci of tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-1-associated myelopathy. OBJECTIVE: To gain further insight into the role of intrafamilial transmission of HTLV-1 in a highly endemic region in Argentina...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378038/the-moral-lives-of-laboratory-monkeys-television-and-the-ethics-of-care
#12
Lesley A Sharp
Why do lab monkeys watch TV? This essay examines the preponderance of televisions in primate housing units based in academic research laboratories. Within such labs, television and related visual media are glossed as part-and-parcel of welfare or species-specific enrichment practices intended for research monkeys, a logic that is simultaneously historically- and ontologically-based. In many research centers, television figures prominently in the two inseparable domains of a lab monkey's life: as a research tool employed during experiments, and in housing units where captive monkeys are said to enjoy watching TV during "down time...
April 4, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372941/antineoplastic-drug-residues-inside-homes-of-chemotherapy-patients
#13
Antje Böhlandt, Yulia Sverdel, Rudolf Schierl
Chemotherapy treatment of cancer patients has shifted from inpatient to outpatient administration. Thus, family members are potentially exposed to cytotoxic drug residues from patients' excretions inside their homes. The study's aim was to evaluate the surface contamination and the potential uptake of antineoplastic drug residues by family members at home of chemotherapy patients. Overall, 265 wipe samples from 13 homes were taken at two times after chemotherapy from different surfaces (toilet, bathroom, kitchen)...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367003/a-social-psychological-perspective-on-the-links-between-close-relationships-and-health
#14
Richard B Slatcher, Emre Selcuk
The association between the quality of people's close relationships and their physical health is well-established. But from a psychological perspective, how do close relationships impact physical health? This article summarizes recent work seeking to identify the relationship processes, psychological mediators and moderators of the links between close relationships and health, with an emphasis on studies of married and cohabitating couples. We begin with a brief review of a recent meta-analysis of the links between marital quality and health...
February 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365043/effects-of-enhanced-bioturbation-intensities-on-the-toxicity-assessment-of-legacy-contaminated-sediments
#15
Timothy M Remaili, Stuart L Simpson, Dianne F Jolley
Many benthic communities within estuarine ecosystems are highly degraded due to the close proximity of urban and industrial contamination sources. The maintenance of recolonised, healthy ecosystems following remediation is a challenge, and better techniques are required for monitoring their progressive recovery. Rates of ecosystem recovery are influenced by the changes in the concentrations and forms of contaminants, the sensitivity of recolonising organisms to bioavailable contaminants, and a range of abiotic and biotic factors influencing the exposure of organisms to the contamination...
March 30, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364979/factors-associated-with-condom-use-among-sexually-active-us-adults-national-survey-of-family-growth-2006-2010-and-2011-2013
#16
Muazzam Nasrullah, Emeka Oraka, Pollyanna R Chavez, Christopher H Johnson, Elizabeth DiNenno
BACKGROUND: Condom-less sex can increase the risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV. AIM: To characterize the prevalence of condom use at the most recent sex act and identify factors associated with use of a condom at the most recent sex act in adults in the United States. METHODS: Data from the cross-sectional National Survey of Family Growth from cycles 2006 through 2010 and 2011 through 2013 were analyzed for sexually active men and women 18 to 44 years old who reported having sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) with an opposite-sex partner in the past 12 months...
April 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364848/the-adolescent-family-environment-and-cohabitation-across-the-transition-to-adulthood
#17
Maggie L Thorsen
This study draws upon a sample of men and women from Waves I and IV of Add Health to examine the linkages between the adolescent family environment and cohabitation behavior across the transition to adulthood. Using event history modeling the current paper considers the association between a variety of family factors and both the timing of first cohabiting unions and their outcomes (marriage, break up, still cohabiting). This paper also considers whether the impact of predictors for cohabitation timing and outcomes varies depending on the age of individuals...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358800/mitochondria-a-billion-years-of-cohabitation
#18
Roland G Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358735/sub-saharan-africa-migrants-have-slower-initial-cd4-cell-recovery-after-cart-initiation-than-french-natives-regardless-of-living-conditions
#19
Rémonie Seng, Mathilde Ghislain, Pierre-Marie Girard, Laurent Cotte, Agnès Meybeck, François Raffi, Sophie Abgrall, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Cécile Goujard, Laurence Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Poorer immunologic responses to cART have been reported among sub-Saharan African (SSA) migrants than among native Europeans. We studied whether differences in CD4 cell recovery between French natives and SSA migrants starting first-line cART could be explained by differences in socioeconomic conditions, inflammatory marker levels, and other established determinants. METHODS: We compared 319 French natives and 175 SSA migrants (ANRS-COPANA cohort). Clinical, biological and socioeconomic data (education, employment, income, cohabiting partnership) were recorded at regular visits...
March 29, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357983/experimental-challenges-with-renibacterium-salmoninarum-in-arctic-charr-salvelinus-alpinus
#20
S Gudmundsdóttir, Á Kristmundsson, Í Ö Árnason
Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus L. is an important species in Icelandic aquaculture and the most common wild salmonid in Iceland. A study on the course of infection with the bacterium Renibacterium salmoninarum was conducted using 3 different challenge methods in brackish and fresh water. Bacterial isolation, ELISA and PCR tests were used for detection of the bacterium in multiple organ samples. In an experiment, run for 34 wk in brackish water, infection was established by intraperitoneal injection with 5 × 106 colony forming units (CFU) fish-1...
March 30, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
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