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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521582/long-term-performance-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-iadl-in-young-and-middle-aged-stroke-survivors-results-from-sahlsis-outcome
#1
Charlotte Blomgren, Katarina Jood, Christina Jern, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Christian Blomstrand, Lisbeth Claesson
BACKGROUND: Although stroke prevalence is increasing and large proportions of stroke survivors are expected to live many years after stroke onset, research on the long-term consequences of stroke for instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is limited. AIM: To explore performance of IADL seven years post-stroke onset and identify predictors of long-term IADL performance based on commonly employed acute measures and demographic characteristics in young and middle-aged stroke survivors...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501468/-tinea-capitis-main-mycosis-child-epidemiological-study-on-10years
#2
A Kallel, A Hdider, N Fakhfakh, S Belhadj, N Belhadj-Salah, N Bada, A Chouchen, S Ennigrou, K Kallel
Despite the changes in their epidemiology, and the improving level of hygiene of the population, tinea capitis is still considered a public health problem in our country, and is the most common type of dermatophytosis in our country. The aim of our study was to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and mycological features of tinea capitis in children encountered in the Tunis region. A retrospective study concerned 1600 children aged 6 months to 15 years suspected to have tinea capitis was conducted in Parasitology-Mycology laboratory, Rabta hospital, over a 10-years period (2005-2014)...
May 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492394/sub-saharan-african-migrants-have-slower-initial-cd4-cell-recovery-after-combined-antiretroviral-treatment-initiation-than-french-natives
#3
Rémonie Seng, Mathilde Ghislain, Pierre-Marie Girard, Laurent Cotte, Agnès Meybeck, François Raffi, Sophie Abgrall, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Cécile Goujard, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Laurence Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Poorer immunologic responses to combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) have been reported among sub-Saharan African (SSA) migrants than among native Europeans. We studied whether differences in CD4 cell recovery between French natives and SSA migrants starting first-line cART could be explained by differences in socioeconomic conditions, inflammatory marker levels, and other established determinants. METHODS: We compared 319 French natives and 175 SSA migrants (ANRS-COPANA cohort)...
June 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488335/climate-change-and-human-colonization-triggered-habitat-loss-and-fragmentation-in-madagascar
#4
Jordi Salmona, Rasmus Heller, Erwan Quéméré, Lounès Chikhi
The relative effect of past climate fluctuations and anthropogenic activities on current biome distribution is subject to increasing attention, notably in biodiversity hotspots. In Madagascar, where humans arrived in the last ~4-5,000 years, the exact causes of the demise of large vertebrates that cohabited with humans is yet unresolved. The prevailing narrative holds that Madagascar was covered with forest before human arrival, and that the expansion of grasslands was the result of human driven deforestation...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482752/childhood-family-structure-and-women-s-adult-overweight-risk-a-longitudinal-study
#5
M Pia Chaparro, Xavier de Luna, Jenny Häggström, Anneli Ivarsson, Urban Lindgren, Karina Nilsson, Ilona Koupil
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether women's adult overweight and obesity risk was associated with their childhood family structure, measured as their mothers' marital status history, during the women's first 18 years of life. METHODS: Using linked register data, we analyzed 30,584 primiparous women born in Sweden in 1975 who were between 19-35 years of age when their height and pre-pregnancy weight was recorded. The outcomes were women's overweight/obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and the predictor was mothers' marital status history, which was summarized using sequence analysis...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482266/a-recombinant-avian-antibody-against-vp2-of-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-protects-chicken-from-viral-infection
#6
Yingjie Zhang, Jiechao Yin, Tianhe Li, Bing Zhou, Pengfei Xu, Ruixiang Che, Yunye Liu, Hongxue Cao, Xianlong Ye, Yongbi Yang, Xiaole Qi, Shimin Zheng, Guojie Ding, Guiping Ren, Hanchun Yang, Xiaomei Wang, Deshan Li
A stable cell-line was established that expressed the recombinant avian antibody (rAb) against the infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). rAb exhibited neutralization activity to IBDV-B87 strain in DF1 cells. The minimum rAb concentration required for inhibition of the cytopathic effect (CPE) was 1.563μg/mL. To test the efficacy of rAb, a 168-h cohabitation challenge experiment was performed to transmit the disease from the chickens challenged with vvIBDV (HLJ0504 strain) to three test groups of chickens, i...
April 8, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481814/the-effects-of-quality-of-life-and-ability-to-perform-activities-of-daily-living-on-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-older-people-living-in-publicly-managed-congregate-housing
#7
Chun-Feng Chang, Rea-Jeng Yang, Shu-Fang Chang, Yuan Hwa Chou, Ean-Wen Huang
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is characterized by a decrease in cognitive abilities that does not affect the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs). Therefore, this condition is easily overlooked. The prevalence and factors of influence for MCI in older people living in publicly managed congregate housing are currently unknown. PURPOSE: This study investigated the prevalence and distribution of MCI in older people living in publicly managed congregate housing and assessed the correlations among quality of life (QoL), ADL, and MCI...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470458/a-simple-risk-prediction-algorithm-for-hiv-transmission-results-from-hiv-prevention-trials-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-2002-2012
#8
Handan Wand, Tarylee Reddy, Sarita Naidoo, Suri Moonsamy, Samantha Siva, Neetha S Morar, Gita Ramjee
We aimed to develop a HIV risk scoring algorithm for targeted screening among women in South Africa. We used data from five biomedical intervention trials (N = 8982 Cox regression models were used to create a risk prediction algorithm and it was internally and externally validated using standard statistical measures; 7-factors were identified as significant predictors of HIV infection: <25 years old, being single/not cohabiting, parity (<3), age at sexual debut (<16), 3+ sexual partners, using injectables and diagnosis with a sexually transmitted infection(s)...
May 3, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457016/patterns-of-primary-care-utilization-before-and-after-living-kidney-donation
#9
Jennifer L Alejo, Xun Luo, Allan B Massie, Macey L Henderson, Sandra R DiBrito, Jayme E Locke, Tanjala Purnell, Brian J Boyarsky, Saad Anjum, Samantha E Halpern, Dorry L Segev
BACKGROUND: Annual visits with a primary care provider (PCP) are recommended for living kidney donors to monitor long-term health post-donation, yet adherence to this recommendation is unknown. METHODS: We surveyed 1170 living donors from our center from 1970-2012 to ascertain frequency of PCP visits pre- and post-donation. Interviews occurred median (IQR) 6.6 (3.8 - 11.0) years post-transplant. We used multivariate logistic regression to examine associations between donor characteristics and PCP visit frequency...
April 29, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450852/pan-genomic-analysis-permits-differentiation-of-virulent-and-non-virulent-strains-of-xanthomonas-arboricola-that-cohabit-prunus-spp-and-elucidate-bacterial-virulence-factors
#10
Jerson Garita-Cambronero, Ana Palacio-Bielsa, María M López, Jaime Cubero
Xanthomonas arboricola is a plant-associated bacterial species that causes diseases on several plant hosts. One of the most virulent pathovars within this species is X. arboricola pv. pruni (Xap), the causal agent of bacterial spot disease of stone fruit trees and almond. Recently, a non-virulent Xap-look-a-like strain isolated from Prunus was characterized and its genome compared to pathogenic strains of Xap, revealing differences in the profile of virulence factors, such as the genes related to the type III secretion system (T3SS) and type III effectors (T3Es)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448881/social-capital-and-cigarette-smoking-new-empirics-featuring-the-norwegian-hunt-data
#11
M Kamrul Islam, Sherman Folland, Oddvar M Kaarbøe
Using a rich Norwegian longitudinal data set, this study explores the effects of different social capital variables on the probability of cigarette smoking. There are four social capital variables available in two waves of our data set. Our results based on probit (and OLS) analyses (with municipality fixed-effects) show that the likelihood of smoking participation is negatively and significantly associated with social capital attributes, namely, community trust (-0.017), participation in organizational activities (-0...
April 14, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448633/a-commensal-streptococcus-hijacks-a-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-exopolysaccharide-to-promote-biofilm-formation
#12
Jessica A Scoffield, Dingyu Duan, Fan Zhu, Hui Wu
Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes devastating chronic pulmonary infections in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Although the CF airway is inhabited by diverse species of microorganisms interlaced within a biofilm, many studies focus on the sole contribution of P. aeruginosa pathogenesis in CF morbidity. More recently, oral commensal streptococci have been identified as cohabitants of the CF lung, but few studies have explored the role these bacteria play within the CF biofilm. We examined the interaction between P...
April 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446907/regulation-and-molecular-basis-of-environmental-muropeptide-uptake-and-utilization-in-fastidious-oral-anaerobe-tannerella-forsythia
#13
Angela Ruscitto, Kiyonobu Honma, Vamsee M Veeramachineni, Kiyoshi Nishikawa, Graham P Stafford, Ashu Sharma
Tannerella forsythia is a Gram-negative oral anaerobe associated with periodontitis. This bacterium is auxotrophic for the peptidoglycan amino sugar N-acetylmuramic (MurNAc) and likely relies on scavenging peptidoglycan fragments (muropeptides) released by cohabiting bacteria during their cell wall recycling. Many Gram-negative bacteria utilize an inner membrane permease, AmpG, to transport peptidoglycan fragments into their cytoplasm. In the T. forsythia genome, the Tanf_08365 ORF has been identified as a homolog of AmpG permease...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444243/sexual-activity-and-relationship-quality-in-middle-and-older-age-findings-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing-tilda
#14
Joanna Orr, Richard Layte, Neil O'Leary
Objectives: This study assessed the association between sexual activity, mismatches in the importance attributed to sex within couples, and relationship quality in older Irish adults. Method: We used data from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) to derive a scale of subjective relationship strain in married or cohabiting individuals. Negative binomial regression was used to assess the association between relationship strain and sexual activity. Separate models assessed the associations with importance of sex and within-couple mismatch in the importance attributed to sex and whether these associations were independent from sexual activity...
April 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441458/evidence-that-promotion-of-male-circumcision-did-not-lead-to-sexual-risk-compensation-in-prioritized-sub-saharan-countries
#15
Chyun-Fung Shi, Michael Li, Jonathan Dushoff
BACKGROUND: WHO and UNAIDS prioritized 14 eastern and southern African countries with high HIV and low male circumcision prevalence for a voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) scale-up in 2007. Because circumcision provides only partial protection against HIV infection to men, the issue of possible risk compensation in response to VMMC campaigns is of particular concern. In this study, we looked at population-level survey data from the countries prioritized by WHO for a VMMC scale-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439148/do-you-have-anything-to-hide-infidelity-related-behaviors-on-social-media-sites-and-marital-satisfaction
#16
Brandon T McDaniel, Michelle Drouin, Jaclyn D Cravens
Social media provides one route to behaviors that may be potentially harmful to romantic relationships, such as communicating with alternative partners, which can sometimes create relationship conflict, breakups, or divorce. Limited empirical evidence exists concerning social media infidelity-related behaviors and marital relationships. This study examined whether married/cohabiting individuals are using social media sites to engage in online infidelity-related behaviors and to what extent this related to relationship satisfaction, ambivalence, and relational attachment characteristics as reported by 338 married/cohabiting individuals from 176 families...
January 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421438/analysis-of-fatty-acid-composition-revealed-differences-in-the-diets-of-tadpoles-of-two-amphibian-species
#17
Yu Yu Dgebuadze, N N Sushchik, I V Bashinskiy, O N Makhutova, G S Kalacheva, V V Osipov, M I Gladyshev
The study of the composition of fatty acid markers of tadpoles of cohabiting amphibian species for the first time revealed differences in their diets: the moor frog Rana arvalis prefers bacteria not associated with plant detritus, whereas the diet of the common spadefoot Pelobates fuscus is based on cyanobacteria, green algae, diatoms, and possibly higher plants. Major differences in the fatty acid composition are determined by the difference in the percentage of eicosapentaenoic and myristic acids.
January 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420452/fathering-moderates-the-effects-of-maternal-depression-on-the-family-process
#18
Adam Vakrat, Yael Apter-Levy, Ruth Feldman
Maternal depression negatively impacts children's development, yet few studies have focused on fathering and the family process in cases of maternal depression. A community cohort of married/cohabitating women was recruited on the second postbirth day (N = 1,983) and maternal depression repeatedly assessed across the first year and again at 6 years to form two cohorts: mothers chronically depressed from birth to 6 (N = 46) and nondepressed controls (N = 103). At 6 years, mother-child, father-child, and family interactions were observed...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416034/cohabitation-and-union-dissolution-in-central-uganda-differences-between-cohabitors-and-non-cohabitors
#19
Charles Lwanga, Ishmael Kalule-Sabiti, Natal Ayiga
The aim of this paper was to establish whether the differences in the risks of union dissolution between cohabitors and non-cohabitors in Uganda have converged over time using event history data. Data were collected in 2013 from 1200 women in central Uganda using retrospective methods. Of these, 839 provided information on three types of first union: women who married directly (without first cohabiting), those who married following cohabitation and those who were still cohabiting. The data were analysed using decrement lifetable analysis...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414073/metabolic-and-affective-consequences-of-fatherhood-in-male-california-mice
#20
Meng Zhao, Theodore Garland, Mark A Chappell, Jacob R Andrew, Wendy Saltzman
Physiological and affective condition can be modulated by the social environment and parental state in mammals. However, in species in which males assist with rearing offspring, the metabolic and affective effects of pair bonding and fatherhood on males have rarely been explored. In this study we tested the hypothesis that fathers, like mothers, experience energetic costs as well as behavioral and affective changes (e.g., depression, anxiety) associated with parenthood. We tested this hypothesis in the monogamous, biparental California mouse (Peromyscus californicus)...
April 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
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