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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343146/antimicrobial-effect-of-the-biotronic%C3%A2-top3-supplement-and-efficacy-in-protecting-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-from-infection-by-aeromonas-salmonicida-subsp-salmonicida
#1
Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Ines Krauss, Rui Alexandre Goncalves, Barbara Weber, Gonçalo Abreu Santos, Mansour El-Matbouli
Demand for more environmentally friendly practices have led to the adoption of several feed supplements by the fish farming industry. In the present study, we investigated a commercially available formula that includes a mixture of three compounds: organic acids, a phytochemical and Biomin® Permeabilizing Complex. This mixture demonstrated antimicrobial properties in vitro and was able to inhibit growth of multiple species of aquatic bacterial pathogens, including Aeromonas salmonicida. Bacterial challenge was performed using A...
March 18, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340857/reducing-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-copd-care-in-the-hospital-outpatient-setting-a-nationwide-initiative
#2
Sandra S Tøttenborg, Peter Lange, Reimar W Thomsen, Henrik Nielsen, Søren P Johnsen
OBJECTIVE: Socioeconomic differences in quality of care have been suggested to contribute to inequality in clinical prognosis of COPD. We examined socioeconomic differences in the quality of COPD outpatient care and the potential of a systematic quality improvement initiative in reducing potential socioeconomic differences. METHODS: A mandatory national quality improvement initiative has since 2008 monitored the quality of COPD care at all national pulmonary specialized outpatient clinics in Denmark using six evidence-based process performance measures...
April 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335455/viral-protein-kinetics-of-piscine-orthoreovirus-infection-in-atlantic-salmon-blood-cells
#3
Hanne Merethe Haatveit, Øystein Wessel, Turhan Markussen, Morten Lund, Bernd Thiede, Ingvild Berg Nyman, Stine Braaen, Maria Krudtaa Dahle, Espen Rimstad
Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) is ubiquitous in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and the cause of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation. Erythrocytes are important target cells for PRV. We have investigated the kinetics of PRV infection in salmon blood cells. The findings indicate that PRV causes an acute infection of blood cells lasting 1-2 weeks, before it subsides into persistence. A high production of viral proteins occurred initially in the acute phase which significantly correlated with antiviral gene transcription...
March 18, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333973/reported-reasons-for-breakdown-of-marriage-and-cohabitation-in-britain-findings-from-the-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#4
Kirsten Gravningen, Kirstin R Mitchell, Kaye Wellings, Anne M Johnson, Rebecca Geary, Kyle G Jones, Soazig Clifton, Bob Erens, Michelle Lu, Chenchit Chayachinda, Nigel Field, Pam Sonnenberg, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Breakdown of marriage and cohabitation is common in Western countries and is costly for individuals and society. Most research on reasons for breakdown has focused on marriages ending in divorce and/or have used data unrepresentative of the population. We present prevalence estimates of, and differences in, reported reasons for recent breakdown of marriages and cohabitations in Britain. METHODS: Descriptive analyses of data from Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), a probability sample survey (15,162 people aged 16-74 years) undertaken 2010-2012, using computer-assisted personal interviewing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333314/characterization-of-e-type-colicinogenic-plasmids-from-shigella-sonnei
#5
Fatema Calcuttawala, Chellaram Hariharan, Gururaja P Pazhani, Dhira Rani Saha, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy
Colicinogenic plasmids encode toxic proteins which have antagonistic activity against closely related bacteria. This study describes the molecular characterization of three colicinogenic plasmids designated as pSSE3, pSSE and pSSE2, each with a molecular size of ∼6 kb, identified in clinical isolates of S. sonnei. Sequence analysis revealed that pSSE and pSSE2 shared extensive sequence homology with each other and with Escherichia coli E-type colicinogenic plasmids. The plasmid pSSE3 lacked an additional gene imparting immunity to colicin E8, a unique feature not observed in any of the previously reported sequences of colicin E3 plasmids...
March 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332954/attitudes-towards-parenthood-partnership-and-social-rights-for-diverse-families-evidence-from-a-pilot-study-in-five-countries
#6
Mara A Yerkes, Giulia Maria Dotti Sani, Cristina Solera
Attitudes towards the civil and social citizenship rights of individuals in diverse family forms are under researched. We use cross-national data from a pilot study among students in Denmark, Spain, Croatia, Italy and the Netherlands to explore cross-country differences in beliefs about partnership, parenthood and social rights of same-sex couples vs. heterosexual couples or married vs. cohabiting couples. The results suggest a polarization in students' attitudes between countries that appear more traditional (i...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332036/the-committed-intimate-partnerships-of-incarcerated-african-american-men-implications-for-sexual-hiv-transmission-risk-and-prevention-opportunities
#7
Maria R Khan, Nabila El-Bassel, Carol E Golin, Joy D Scheidell, Adaora A Adimora, Ashley M Coatsworth, Hui Hu, Selena Judon-Monk, Katie P Medina, David A Wohl
Incarceration is thought to influence HIV transmission by disrupting partnerships that provide support and protect against sex risk-taking. Current correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs focus on marital partnerships, a minority of inmates' partnerships. Research on the sex partnerships of incarcerated African-American men and the types of partnerships most likely to protect against HIV-related sex risk is limited. Improved understanding can inform expansion of correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs to a greater proportion of protective partnerships and HIV risk reduction programs to partnerships vulnerable to sex risk...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329402/novel-orthopoxvirus-infection-in-an-alaska-resident
#8
Yuri P Springer, Christopher H Hsu, Zachary R Werle, Link E Olson, Michael P Cooper, Louisa J Castrodale, Nisha Fowler, Andrea M McCollum, Cynthia S Goldsmith, Ginny L Emerson, Kimberly Wilkins, Jeffrey B Doty, Jillybeth Burgado, JinXin Gao, Nishi Patel, Matthew R Mauldin, Mary G Reynolds, Panayampalli S Satheshkumar, Whitni Davidson, Yu Li, Joseph B McLaughlin
Background.: Human infection by orthopoxviruses is being reported with increasing frequency, attributed in part to the cessation of smallpox vaccination and concomitant waning of population-level immunity. In July 2015, a female resident of interior Alaska, presented to an urgent care clinic with a dermal lesion consistent with poxvirus infection. Laboratory testing of a virus isolated from the lesion confirmed infection by an Orthopoxvirus. Methods.: The virus isolate was characterized by using electron microscopy and nucleic acid sequencing...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316342/anticipated-emotions-about-unintended-pregnancy-in-relationship-context-are-latinas-really-happier
#9
Abigail R A Aiken, James Trussell
This study examined differences in women's anticipated emotional orientations towards unintended pregnancy by relationship status and race/ethnicity. Data from a prospective survey of 437 women aged 18-44 who intended no more children for at least two years were analyzed along with 27 in-depth interviews among a diverse sub-sample. Cohabiting women and women in a romantic relationship not living together were less likely to profess happiness (OR=0.42, p<.05, OR=0.25, p<.01, respectively), even when partners' intentions/feelings were controlled...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314964/increased-intake-of-energy-dense-diet-and-negative-energy-balance-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-psychosocial-defeat
#10
Roberto Coccurello, Adele Romano, Giacomo Giacovazzo, Bianca Tempesta, Marco Fiore, Anna Maria Giudetti, Ilaria Marrocco, Fabio Altieri, Anna Moles, Silvana Gaetani
PURPOSE: Chronic exposure to stress may represent a risk factor for developing metabolic and eating disorders, mostly driven by the overconsumption of easily accessible energy-dense palatable food, although the mechanisms involved remain still unclear. In this study, we used an ethologically oriented murine model of chronic stress caused by chronic psychosocial defeat (CPD) to investigate the effects of unrestricted access to a palatable high fat diet (HFD) on food intake, body weight, energy homeostasis, and expression of different brain neuropeptides...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299560/family-structure-experiences-and-child-socioemotional-development-during-the-first-nine-years-of-life-examining-heterogeneity-by-family-structure-at-birth
#11
Sharon H Bzostek, Lawrence M Berger
A vast amount of literature has documented negative associations between family instability and child development, with the largest associations being in the socioemotional (behavioral) domain. Yet, prior work has paid limited attention to differentiating the role of the number, types, and sequencing of family transitions that children experience, as well as to understanding potential heterogeneity in these associations by family structure at birth. We use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study and hierarchical linear models to examine associations of family structure states and transitions with children's socioemotional development during the first nine years of life...
March 15, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289569/diverse-bacterial-communities-exist-on-canine-skin-and-are-impacted-by-cohabitation-and-time
#12
Sheila Torres, Jonathan B Clayton, Jessica L Danzeisen, Tonya Ward, Hu Huang, Dan Knights, Timothy J Johnson
It has previously been shown that domestic dogs and their household owners share bacterial populations, and that sharing of bacteria between humans is facilitated through the presence of dogs in the household. However, less is known regarding the bacterial communities of dogs, how these communities vary by location and over time, and how cohabitation of dogs themselves influences their bacterial community. Furthermore, the effects of factors such as breed, hair coat length, sex, shedding, and age on the canine skin microbiome is unknown...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276143/experiences-and-needs-of-spouses-of-persons-with-young-onset-frontotemporal-lobe-dementia-during-the-progression-of-the-disease
#13
Aud Johannessen, Anne-Sofie Helvik, Knut Engedal, Kirsten Thorsen
BACKGROUND: Two of the most common types of young-onset dementia (<65 years old) are Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal lobe dementia (FTLD). A limited amount of research that focuses on the needs of spouses of persons with young-onset FTLD (yo-FTLD) has been published. Thus, we have carried out a study aiming to examine the spouses of yo-FTLD experiences and needs for assistance in daily life. METHOD: Qualitative interviews with 16 informants (aged 51-69 years; nine wives, six husbands and one male cohabitant) were conducted in 2014 and 2015...
March 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276132/profiles-of-alzheimer-s-caregivers-in-spain-social-educational-and-laboral-characteristics
#14
Manuel Ruiz-Adame Reina, María Carmen González-Camacho, José Enrique Romero-García, Luís María Sánchez-Reyes Fernández
BACKGROUND: A person suffering from dementia needs increasing help from another person, who, in most cases, is a female family member. Times are changing and this traditional role can no longer be maintained. AIM: The aim of this research was mainly centred on ascertaining the profile of caregivers and to find out how determinants such as age, sex and educational level and living conditions led people to assume that role. METHODS: A survey was designed and applied to 925 caregivers (778 of which were analysed) with the collaboration of the Alzheimer's Associations of Andalucía (Spain)...
March 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270332/a-daily-diary-study-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-romantic-partner-accommodation
#15
Sarah B Campbell, Keith D Renshaw, Todd B Kashdan, Timothy W Curby, Sarah P Carter
Little is known about the role of romantic partner symptom accommodation in PTSD symptom maintenance. To explore the bidirectional associations of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and romantic partner symptom accommodation over time, military servicemen (n=64) with symptoms of PTSD and their cohabiting heterosexual civilian romantic partners (n=64) completed a 2-week daily diary study. Cross-lagged, autoregressive models assessed the stability of men's PTSD symptoms and partners' accommodation, as well as the prospective associations of earlier PTSD symptoms with later accommodation and vice versa...
March 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267854/association-between-maternal-body-mass-index-in-early-pregnancy-and-incidence-of-cerebral-palsy
#16
Eduardo Villamor, Kristina Tedroff, Mark Peterson, Stefan Johansson, Martin Neovius, Gunnar Petersson, Sven Cnattingius
Importance: Maternal overweight and obesity are associated with increased risks of preterm delivery, asphyxia-related neonatal complications, and congenital malformations, which in turn are associated with increased risks of cerebral palsy. It is uncertain whether risk of cerebral palsy in offspring increases with maternal overweight and obesity severity and what could be possible mechanisms. Objective: To study the associations between early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and rates of cerebral palsy by gestational age and to identify potential mediators of these associations...
March 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254501/a-bead-based-multiplex-immunoassay-detects-piscine-orthoreovirus-specific-antibodies-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#17
Lena Hammerlund Teige, Morten Lund, Hanne M Haatveit, Magnus Vikan Røsæg, Øystein Wessel, Maria K Dahle, Anne K Storset
Future growth in aquaculture relies strongly on the control of diseases and pathogens. Vaccination has been a successful strategy for obtaining control of bacterial diseases in fish, but for viral diseases, vaccine development has been more challenging. Effective long-term protection against viral infections is not yet fully understood for fish, and in addition, optimal tools to monitor adaptive immunity are limited. Assays that can detect specific antibodies produced in response to viral infection in fish are still in their early development...
February 27, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249109/attachment-and-posttraumatic-growth-after-breast-cancer-a-dyadic-approach
#18
Marisa Ávila, Joaquim L Coimbra, Crystal L Park, Paula M Matos
OBJECTIVE: Cancer poses unique challenges for the couple relationship. From a relational perspective, successful adaptation may be less dependent on the circumstances of being the "patient" or the "caregiver" than on how couples successfully integrate cancer into their relationship. In this article, we study posttraumatic growth through attachment theory, which provides a useful framework to explore the role of intimate processes dyadically. METHOD: The sample comprised 84 heterosexual married and cohabitating couples...
March 1, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243935/body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-in-patients-with-hiv-in-south-africa-and-associated-socio-demographic-health-related-and-psychosocial-factors
#19
Diana Huis In 't Veld, Supa Pengpid, Robert Colebunders, Karl Peltzer
A high body mass index (BMI) and high waist circumference are important health risk factors predisposing for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases and certain cancers. Historically, underweight was a diagnostic criterion of HIV-infection. In a cross-sectional study the prevalence of BMI-categories and high waist circumference and its associated factors in patients visiting three outpatient HIV clinics in South Africa were measured with anthropometric measurements and structured questionnaires regarding socio-demographic information, quality of life (QoL), AIDS-related stigma, symptoms of depression, alcohol use, HIV related information and level of adherence to ART...
February 27, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242862/intimate-partner-violence-and-child-behavioral-problems-in-south-africa
#20
Pratibha Chander, Jane Kvalsvig, Claude A Mellins, Shuaib Kauchali, Stephen M Arpadi, Myra Taylor, Justin R Knox, Leslie L Davidson
BACKGROUND: Research in high-income countries has repeatedly demonstrated that intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by women negatively affects the health and behavior of children in their care. However, there is little research on the topic in lower- and middle-income countries. The population-based Asenze Study gathered data on children and their caregivers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. This data analysis explores the association of caregiver IPV on child behavior outcomes in children <12 years old and is the first such study in Africa...
February 27, 2017: Pediatrics
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