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Nora Moore, Brittany Blouin, Hugo Razuri, Martin Casapia, Theresa W Gyorkos
OBJECTIVE: To identify determinants which influence the timing of the first antenatal care (ANC) visit in pregnant women. DESIGN: Retrospective matched nested case-control study. SETTING: Two health centres, Belén and 6 de Octubre, in the Peruvian Amazon. POPULATION: All pregnant women who had attended ANC during the years 2010, 2011, and 2012. METHODS: All cases (819 women initiating ANC in their first trimester) were selected from ANC registries from 2010 to 2012...
2017: PloS One
Lucas J Greville, Tyler Pollock, Joseph C Salter, Paul A Faure, Denys deCatanzaro
Experiments using female mice and bats have demonstrated that tritium-labeled 17β-estradiol ((3)H-E2) can be absorbed via cutaneous and intranasal routes and distributed to reproductive and neural tissues. Radioactivity has also been measured in tissues of untreated females after 48h cohabitation with (3)H-E2 injected males. The present study was designed to quantify steroid transfer among female bats. Radioactive quantification via liquid scintillation counting revealed absorption of tritium-labeled progesterone ((3)H-P4) in adult females 1h after cutaneous and intranasal application (10μCi)...
February 7, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Tianyang Liu, Xiaoning Hao, Zhenzhong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Chinese tradition of filial piety, which prioritized family-based care for the elderly, is transitioning and elders can no longer necessarily rely on their children. The purpose of this study was to identify community support for the elderly, and analyze the factors that affect which model of old-age care elderly people dwelling in communities prefer. METHODS: We used the database "Health and Social Support of Elderly Population in Community". Questionnaires were issued in 2013, covering 3 districts in Beijing...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Kristoffer Sølvsten Burgdorf, Jacob Simonsen, Anna Sundby, Klaus Rostgaard, Ole Birger Pedersen, Erik Sørensen, Kaspar René Nielsen, Mie Topholm Bruun, Morten Frisch, Gustaf Edgren, Christian Erikstrup, Henrik Hjalgrim, Henrik Ullum
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is an essential component of a modern healthcare system. Because knowledge about blood donor demography may inform the design of strategies for donor recruitment and retention, we used nationwide registers to characterize the entire population of blood donors in Denmark in 2010. METHODS: The study population comprised all Danes in the age range eligible for blood donation (N = 3,236,753) at the end of 2010. From the Scandinavian Donations and Transfusions (SCANDAT) register, we identified 174,523 persons who donated blood in Danish blood banks at least once in 2010...
2017: PloS One
Rachel Curtis-Robles, Italo B Zecca, Valery Roman-Cruz, Ester S Carbajal, Lisa D Auckland, Isidore Flores, Ann V Millard, Sarah A Hamer
The zoonotic, vector-borne parasite Trypanosoma cruzi causes Chagas disease throughout the Americas, but human and veterinary health burdens in the United States are unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional prevalence study in indigent, medically underserved human and cohabiting canine populations of seven south Texas border communities, known as colonias. Defining positivity as those samples that were positive on two or more independent tests, we found 1.3% seroprevalence in 233 humans, including one child born in the United States with only short-duration travel to Mexico...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Nina T Rogers, Alan Marshall, Chrissy H Roberts, Panayotes Demakakos, Andrew Steptoe, Shaun Scholes
BACKGROUND: Frail older adults are heavy users of health and social care. In order to reduce the costs associated with frailty in older age groups, safe and cost-effective strategies are required that will reduce the incidence and severity of frailty. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether self-reported intensity of physical activity (sedentary, mild, moderate or vigorous) performed at least once a week can significantly reduce trajectories of frailty in older adults who are classified as non-frail at baseline (Rockwood's Frailty Index [FI] ≤ 0...
2017: PloS One
Alexandre Welzel Da Silveira, Gustavo Gomes De Oliveira, Leandro Menezes Santos, Lucas Bezerra da Silva Azuaga, Claudia Regina Macedo Coutinho, Jessica Teles Echeverria, Tamires Ramborger Antunes, Carlos Alberto do Nascimento Ramos, Alda Izabel de Souza
Theileria equi is a tick-borne piroplasm considered endemic in equines in Brazil. The cohabitation of domestic and wild animals in areas of extensive cattle breeding favors the close contact between different species and the sharing of vectors and, consequently, pathogens. We report the natural infection of a young South American tapir ( Tapirus terrestris ) by Theileria equi in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Although it was not possible to associate the clinical and hematologic status of the animal with the infection by the protozoan parasite, our report represents an alert on the sharing of pathogens between domestic and wild animals...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Larissa K Barber, Shannon G Taylor, James P Burton, Sarah F Bailey
Research demonstrating that employees who are undermined at work engage in similar behavior at home suggests this connection reflects displaced aggression. In contrast, the present study draws on self-regulation theory to examine the work-home undermining spillover/crossover process. We propose that poor sleep quality transmits the influence of workplace undermining to home undermining per self-regulatory impairment, and exercise moderates this indirect effect per self-regulatory improvement. Using matched data from 118 employees and a member of their household to test our model, results demonstrated that undermining experienced from supervisors increased subjective (i...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
Tilmann von Soest, Jenny Wagner, Thomas Hansen, Denis Gerstorf
Self-esteem development across adulthood has been in the center of interest for some time now. However, not much is known about factors that shape self-esteem and its development in the second half of life and whether the factors differ with age and gender. To examine these questions, this study uses 2-wave data from the population-based NorLAG study in Norway (N = 5,555; Mage = 58 years; 51% women) and combines self-report data on self-esteem and personality with registry-based information on socioeconomic status (education, income, unemployment), health problems (sick leave, lifetime history of disability), and social relationships (cohabiting partner, lifetime history of divorce and widowhood)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Marianne Granbom, Afsaneh Taei, Lisa Ekstam
As part of the Swedish state-funded healthcare system, housing adaptations are used to promote safe and independent living for disabled people in ordinary housing through the elimination of physical environmental barriers in the home. The aim of this study was to describe the cohabitants' expectations and experiences of how a housing adaptation, intended for the partner, would impact their everyday life. In-depth interviews were conducted with cohabitants of nine people applying for a housing adaptation, initially at the time of the application and then again 3 months after the housing adaptation was installed...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jenny J J M Huijs, Lando L J Koppes, Toon W Taris, Roland W B Blonk
Purpose The present study investigated the relations between work characteristics, depressive symptoms and duration until full return to work (RTW) among long-term sick-listed employees. This knowledge may add to the development of effective interventions and prevention, especially since work characteristics can be subjected to interventions more easily than many disorder-related or personal factors. Methods this prospective cohort study with a two-year follow-up employs a sample of 883 Dutch employees who had been sick-listed for at least 13 weeks at baseline, who filled out three questionnaires: at 19 weeks, 1 and 2 years after the start of sick leave...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Sara J Bartel, Simon B Sherry, Danielle S Molnar, Aislin R Mushquash, Kenneth E Leonard, Gordon L Flett, Sherry H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Approximately one in five adults engage in heavy episodic drinking (HED), a behavior with serious health and social consequences. Environmental, intrapersonal, and interpersonal factors contribute to and perpetuate HED. Prior research supports the partner influence hypothesis where partners influence each other's HED. OBJECTIVES: We examined the partner influence hypothesis longitudinally over three years in heterosexual couples in serious romantic relationships, while exploring possible sex differences in the magnitude of partner influence...
January 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Kharah M Ross, Gregory Miller, Sameen Qadir, Lauren Keenan-Devlin, Adam K K Leigh, Ann Borders
OBJECTIVE: Close relationships are associated with pregnancy outcomes, but little is known about the mechanisms involved. This paper examines whether quality of women's close relationships, specifically with romantic partner (RP) and closest friend or family member (CF), is associated with inflammatory biomarkers during the third trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: 90 pregnant women were assessed during the second and third trimester. At both visits they completed self-reports describing the positive and negative aspects of their RP and CF relationships...
January 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Michelle L Frisco, Marin R Wenger, Derek A Kreager
This study investigates extradyadic sex (EDS) among contemporary opposite-sex married and cohabiting young adults and examines how EDS is associated with union dissolution. By analyzing data from 8301 opposite-sex spouses and cohabiters in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we estimate the prevalence of self-reported EDS, reports of partners' EDS, and reports of mutual EDS (i.e., both partners' engagement in EDS). Roughly 1 in 4 respondents reported that either they, their partner or both engaged in EDS...
February 2017: Social Science Research
Yosuke Kurashima, Hiroshi Kiyono
The intestinal epithelial barrier includes columnar epithelial, Paneth, goblet, enteroendocrine, and tuft cells as well as other cell populations, all of which contribute properties essential for gastrointestinal homeostasis. The intestinal mucosa is covered by mucin, which contains antimicrobial peptides and secretory IgA and prevents luminal bacteria, fungi, and viruses from stimulating intestinal immune responses. Conversely, the transport of luminal microorganisms-mediated by M, dendritic, and goblet cells-into intestinal tissues facilitates the harmonization of active and quiescent mucosal immune responses...
January 11, 2017: Annual Review of Immunology
Ingrid Hellström, Cecilia Håkanson, Henrik Eriksson, Jonas Sandberg
This secondary analysis of qualitative interviews describes how older Swedish men approach the caregiver role for a wife with dementia, over time. An increasing number of male caregivers will become primary caregivers for partners living with dementia at home, and they will likely be caregivers for an extended period of time. It has been stated that caregiving experiences influence how older men think of themselves. The theoretical starting point is a constructivist position, offering an understanding of older caregiving men's constructions and reconstructions of themselves and their caregiver roles...
January 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Rodrigo Ramírez-Rodríguez, Miriam B Tecamachaltzi-Silvaran, Victor X Díaz-Estrada, Florencia Chena-Becerra, Deissy Herrera-Covarrubias, Pedro Paredes-Ramos, Jorge Manzo, Luis I Garcia, Genaro A Coria-Avila
Sexual partner preferences can be strengthened, weakened or even drastically modified via Pavlovian conditioning. For example, conditioned same-sex partner preference develops in sexually-naïve male rats that undergo same-sex cohabitation under the effects of quinpirole (QNP, D2 agonist). Here, we assessed the effect of prior heterosexual experience on the probability to develop a conditioned same-sex preference. Naïve or Sexually-experienced males received either Saline or QNP and cohabited during 24h with a male partner that bore almond scent on the back as conditioned stimulus...
January 21, 2017: Behavioural Processes
Amy Long, Jon Richard, Laura Hawley, Scott E LaPatra, Kyle A Garver
Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) outbreaks have had a significant negative impact on Atlantic salmon Salmo salar production in British Columbia, Canada, since the first outbreak was reported in 1992. In 2005, the APEX-IHN® vaccine was approved for use in Canada for prevention of IHN. The vaccine was proven to be safe and efficacious prior to approval; however, it is unknown as to whether APEX-IHN®-vaccinated Atlantic salmon infected with IHNV can support replication and virus shedding in sufficient quantities to provide an infectious dose to a nearby susceptible host...
January 24, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Nolwandle Mbalo, Muyu Zhang, Sam Ntuli
Temporarily Unavailable (PsycINFO Database Record
January 23, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Vanesa Viñas-Diez, Oriol Turró-Garriga, Cristina Portellano-Ortiz, Jordi Gascón-Bayarri, Ramón Reñé-Ramírez, Josep Garre-Olmo, Josep Lluís Conde-Sala
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to identify the clinical characteristics of three groups of caregivers: spouses, live-in adult-child or non-live-in adult-child, and their relation to the degree of perceived burden (Caregiver Burden Interview). METHODS: The sample comprised 275 Alzheimer's disease primary caregivers, with a follow-up of 24 months. Cognitive, functional and behavioural characteristics were evaluated in persons with dementia, whilst sociodemographic data, use of socio-medical resources, physical and mental health and self-perceived burden were assessed in caregivers...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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