keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Word memory test

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936001/computerized-analysis-of-verbal-fluency-normative-data-and-the-effects-of-repeated-testing-simulated-malingering-and-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
David L Woods, John M Wyma, Timothy J Herron, E William Yund
In verbal fluency (VF) tests, subjects articulate words in a specified category during a short test period (typically 60 s). Verbal fluency tests are widely used to study language development and to evaluate memory retrieval in neuropsychiatric disorders. Performance is usually measured as the total number of correct words retrieved. Here, we describe the properties of a computerized VF (C-VF) test that tallies correct words and repetitions while providing additional lexical measures of word frequency, syllable count, and typicality...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934542/the-impact-of-aging-on-associative-memory-for-preexisting-unitized-associations
#2
Emma Delhaye, Christine Bastin
Aging is accompanied by a decline in associative memory that can, however, be attenuated when associations are unitized at encoding, that is, when they form an integrated entity. Unitization is thought to promote familiarity-based recognition memory, which is preserved in aging. We examined whether preexperimentally unitized associations (compound words (CWs)) do indeed reduce age differences in memory, and whether preexperimental unitization promotes familiarity. In Experiment 1, we assessed the memory of 20 young and 20 older participants for compound versus unrelated word pairs using a yes/no recognition test with Remember/Know/Guess judgments...
December 9, 2016: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932853/variations-in-cognitive-abilities-across-the-life-course-cross-sectional-evidence-from-understanding-society-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#3
Elise Whitley, Ian J Deary, Stuart J Ritchie, G David Batty, Meena Kumari, Michaela Benzeval
BACKGROUND: Populations worldwide are aging. Cognitive decline is an important precursor of dementia, illness and death and, even within the normal range, is associated with poorer performance on everyday tasks. However, the impact of age on cognitive function does not always receive the attention it deserves. METHODS: We have explored cross-sectional associations of age with five cognitive tests (word recall, verbal fluency, subtraction, number sequence, and numerical problem solving) in a large representative sample of over 40,000 men and women aged 16 to 100 living in the UK...
November 2016: Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918181/comparing-vector-based-and-bayesian-memory-models-using-large-scale-datasets-user-generated-hashtag-and-tag-prediction-on-twitter-and-stack-overflow
#4
Clayton Stanley, Michael D Byrne
The growth of social media and user-created content on online sites provides unique opportunities to study models of human declarative memory. By framing the task of choosing a hashtag for a tweet and tagging a post on Stack Overflow as a declarative memory retrieval problem, 2 cognitively plausible declarative memory models were applied to millions of posts and tweets and evaluated on how accurately they predict a user's chosen tags. An ACT-R based Bayesian model and a random permutation vector-based model were tested on the large data sets...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913294/sleep-mediated-memory-consolidation-depends-on-the-level-of-integration-at-encoding
#5
Lea Himmer, Elias Müller, Steffen Gais, Monika Schönauer
There is robust evidence that sleep facilitates declarative memory consolidation. Integration of newly acquired memories into existing neocortical knowledge networks has been proposed to underlie this effect. Here, we test whether sleep affects memory retention for word-picture associations differently when it was learned explicitly or using a fast mapping strategy. Fast mapping is an incidental form of learning that references new information to existing knowledge and possibly allows neocortical integration already during encoding...
November 29, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908287/is-mid-life-social-participation-associated-with-cognitive-function-at-age-50-results-from-the-british-national-child-development-study-ncds
#6
Ann Bowling, Jitka Pikhartova, Brian Dodgeon
BACKGROUND: Some studies have indicated that social engagement is associated with better cognitive outcomes. This study aimed to investigate associations between life-course social engagement (civic participation) and cognitive status at age 50, adjusting for social networks and support, behavioural, health, social and socio-economic characteristics. METHODS: The vehicle for the study was the National Child Development Study (1958 Birth Cohort Study), which is a general population sample in England, Scotland and Wales (9119: 4497 men and 4622 women) participating in nationally representative, prospective birth cohort surveys...
December 2, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907807/transitional-probabilities-count-more-than-frequency-but-might-not-be-used-for-memorization
#7
Ansgar D Endress, Alan Langus
Learners often need to extract recurring items from continuous sequences, in both vision and audition. The best-known example is probably found in word-learning, where listeners have to determine where words start and end in fluent speech. This could be achieved through universal and experience-independent statistical mechanisms, for example by relying on Transitional Probabilities (TPs). Further, these mechanisms might allow learners to store items in memory. However, previous investigations have yielded conflicting evidence as to whether a sensitivity to TPs is diagnostic of the memorization of recurring items...
November 28, 2016: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907075/erp-correlates-of-encoding-success-and-encoding-selectivity-in-attention-switching
#8
Franziska R Richter, Nick Yeung
Long-term memory encoding depends critically on effective processing of incoming information. The degree to which participants engage in effective encoding can be indexed in electroencephalographic (EEG) data by studying event-related potential (ERP) subsequent memory effects. The current study investigated ERP correlates of memory success operationalised with two different measures-memory selectivity and global memory-to assess whether previously observed ERP subsequent memory effects reflect focused encoding of task-relevant information (memory selectivity), general encoding success (global memory), or both...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900585/divided-attention-reduces-resistance-to-distraction-at-encoding-but-not-retrieval
#9
Jennifer C Weeks, Lynn Hasher
Older adults show implicit memory for previously seen distraction, an effect attributed to poor attentional control. It is unclear whether this effect results from lack of control over encoding during the distraction task, lack of retrieval constraint during the test task, or both. In the present study, we simulated poor distraction control in young adults using divided attention at encoding, at retrieval, at both times, or not at all. The encoding task was a 1-back task on pictures with distracting superimposed letter strings, some of which were words...
November 29, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896703/spreading-activation-in-nonverbal-memory-networks
#10
Paul S Foster, Candias Wakefield, Scott Pryjmak, Katelyn M Roosa, Kaylei K Branch, Valeria Drago, David W Harrison, Ronald Ruff
Theories of spreading activation primarily involve semantic memory networks. However, the existence of separate verbal and visuospatial memory networks suggests that spreading activation may also occur in visuospatial memory networks. The purpose of the present investigation was to explore this possibility. Specifically, this study sought to create and describe the design frequency corpus and to determine whether this measure of visuospatial spreading activation was related to right hemisphere functioning and spreading activation in verbal memory networks...
November 28, 2016: Brain Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882455/memory-consolidation-effects-on-memory-stabilization-and-item-integration-in-older-adults
#11
Helen Brown, Elizabeth A Maylor
This study examined the differential effects of aging on consolidation processes that strengthen newly acquired memory traces in veridical form (memory stabilization) versus consolidation processes that are responsible for integrating these memory traces into an existing body of knowledge (item integration). Older adults learned 13 nonwords and were tested on their memory for the nonwords, and on whether these nonwords impacted upon processing of similar-sounding English words immediately and 24 hours later...
November 23, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878440/cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-6
#12
Itaru Tamura, Asako Takei, Shinsuke Hamada, Michio Nonaka, Yoshiko Kurosaki, Fumio Moriwaka
The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive functions of patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6). We examined 13 patients with genetically confirmed SCA6 and 13 healthy control subjects matched for age, years of education, global cognitive status, and intellectual ability. We administered verbal memory (word recall and word recognition), executive function (digit span, category and letter fluency, Frontal Assessment Battery, and Trail Making Test-A and B), and visuospatial construction (figure copying) tests...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873187/explaining-the-forgetting-bias-effect-on-value-judgments-the-influence-of-memory-for-a-past-test
#13
Matthew G Rhodes, Amber E Witherby, Alan D Castel, Kou Murayama
People often feel that information that was forgotten is less important than remembered information. Prior work has shown that participants assign higher importance to remembered information while undervaluing forgotten information. The current study examined two possible accounts of this finding. In three experiments, participants studied lists of words in which each word was randomly assigned a point value denoting the value of remembering the word. Following the presentation of each list participants engaged in a free recall test...
November 21, 2016: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871207/gesturing-more-diminishes-recall-of-abstract-words-when-gesture-is-allowed-and-concrete-words-when-it-is-taboo
#14
Krista M Matthews-Saugstad, Erik P Raymakers, Damian G Kelty-Stephen
Gesture during speech can promote or diminish recall for conversation content. We explored effects of cognitive load on this relationship, manipulating it at two scales: individual-word abstractness and social constraints to prohibit gestures. Prohibited gestures can diminish recall but more so for abstract-word recall. Insofar as movement planning adds to cognitive load, movement amplitude may moderate gesture effects on memory, with greater permitted-and prohibited-gesture movements reducing abstract-word recall and concrete-word recall, respectively...
November 22, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870412/cortisol-reactivity-and-emotional-memory-after-psychosocial-stress-in-oral-contraceptive-users
#15
Kristen L Mordecai, Leah H Rubin, Erin Eatough, Erin Sundermann, Lauren Drogos, Antonia Savarese, Pauline M Maki
Oral contraceptive (OC) users typically show a blunted or no cortisol response to psychosocial stress. Although most OC regimens include both an inactive (dummy) and active pill phase, studies have not systematically investigated cortisol responses during these pill phases. Further, high levels of cortisol following a stressor diminish retrieval of emotional material, but the effects of stress on memory among OC users are poorly understood. We examined the effects of a psychosocial stressor, the Trier Social Stress Test, vs...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860305/forgetting-of-the-recollection-and-familiarity-components-of-recognition-in-patients-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#16
Maria Giovanna Lombardi, Roberta Perri, Lucia Fadda, Carlo Caltagirone, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo
INTRODUCTION: Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI) are deficient in storing memory traces relative to recollective forms of declarative memory. Controversial data have, instead, been reported concerning the storage of new memory traces relative to familiarity, with some studies reporting impairment and others sparing of the storage of this form of memory. No data have been reported concerning the consolidation of recollection and familiarity memory traces subsequent to their storage...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856108/foundations-of-reading-comprehension-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#17
Evelien van Wingerden, Eliane Segers, Hans van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about predictors for reading comprehension in children with intellectual disabilities (ID) is still fragmented. AIMS: This study compared reading comprehension, word decoding, listening comprehension, and reading related linguistic and cognitive precursor measures in children with mild ID and typically developing controls. Moreover, it was explored how the precursors related to reading achievement. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: Children with mild ID and typical controls were assessed on reading comprehension, decoding, language comprehension, and linguistic (early literacy skills, vocabulary, grammar) and cognitive (rapid naming, phonological short-term memory, working memory, temporal processing, nonverbal reasoning) precursor measures...
November 14, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855828/priming-can-affect-naming-colours-using-the-study-test-procedure-revealing-the-role-of-task-conflict
#18
Dinkar Sharma
The Stroop paradigm has been widely used to study attention whilst its use to explore implicit memory have been mixed. Using the non-colour word Stroop task we tested contrasting predictions from the proactive-control/task-conflict model (Kalanthroff, Avnit, Henik, Davelaar & Usher, 2015) that implicate response conflict and task conflict for the priming effects. Using the study-test procedure 60 native English speakers were tested to determine whether priming effects from words that had previously been studied would cause interference when presented in a colour naming task...
November 14, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844295/semantic-priming-not-repetition-priming-is-to-blame-for-false-hearing
#19
Chad S Rogers
Contextual and sensory information are combined in speech perception. Conflict between the two can lead to false hearing, defined as a high-confidence misidentification of a spoken word. Rogers, Jacoby, and Sommers (Psychology and Aging, 27(1), 33-45, 2012) found that older adults are more susceptible to false hearing than are young adults, using a combination of semantic priming and repetition priming to create context. In this study, the type of context (repetition vs. sematic priming) responsible for false hearing was examined...
November 14, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842943/raloxifene-increases-prefrontal-activity-during-emotional-inhibition-in-schizophrenia-based-on-estrogen-receptor-genotype
#20
Jochen Kindler, Cynthia Shannon Weickert, Peter R Schofield, Rhoshel Lenroot, Thomas W Weickert
People with schizophrenia show decreased prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity during emotional response inhibition, a cognitive process sensitive to hormonal influences. Raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, binds estrogen receptor alpha (ESR-α), improves memory, attention and normalizes cortical and hippocampal activity during learning and emotional face recognition in schizophrenia. Here, we tested the extent to which raloxifene restores neuronal activity during emotional response inhibition in schizophrenia...
December 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
keyword
keyword
68188
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"