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Teenage suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769006/younger-or-older-parental-age-and-risk-of-suicidality-premature-death-psychiatric-illness-and-criminality-in-offspring
#1
Pearl L H Mok, Sussie Antonsen, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Roger T Webb
BACKGROUND: Younger or older parental age has been linked with a range of adverse offspring endpoints. We investigated associations between parental age and nine adverse offspring outcomes in three correlated domains: (i) Premature death: suicide, unnatural death, natural death; (ii) Psychiatric morbidity: any mental illness, suicide attempt, substance misuse; (iii) Criminality: violent offending, imprisonment, driving whilst intoxicated. METHODS: Persons born in Denmark 1966-1996 were followed from their 15th until 40th birthday or December 2011 (N=1,793,681)...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746434/enormous-pedunculated-vegetation-originating-in-the-left-ventricular-apex-in-a-patient-with-infective-endocarditis
#2
Azusa Murata, Kenji Inoue, Sonomi Maruyama, Shigekazu Iguchi, Manabu Sugita, Makoto Hiki, Shinya Okazaki, Iwao Okai, Yasumasa Fujiwara, Masataka Sumiyoshi, Taira Yamamoto, Atsushi Amano, Masao Daimon, Hiroyuki Daida
A healthy teenage Japanese girl was admitted to our hospital after experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. She had attempted to commit suicide by taking 4,950 mg of disopyramide and 12 mg of flunitrazepam. Mechanical cardiopulmonary support was started with percutaneous cannulation of the femoral vessels. Several days later, a blood culture tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large mobile and solid mass attached to the apical part of the left ventricle. To the best of our knowledge, the anatomical location of a pedunculated mass originating from the apex is a rare condition...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738194/prevention-starts-with-awareness-adoptive-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-suicidal-behavior
#3
Leslie Morgan
Adolescents are at higher risk for suicide attempts than other age groups. Suicide is now the second leading cause of death in the United States for ages 12 to 18; moreover, the risk of suicide is significantly higher for adoptive teens. In fact, adoptive teenagers have a four times higher rate of suicide attempts than biological children, perhaps due to the underlying nature of adoption, which can involve a pervasive sense of grief and loss for the adoptee. Unresolved anger and sadness from feelings of abandonment-especially when transitioning to adolescence-can cause a seemingly functional child to dissociate through self-harm and eventually demonstrate suicidal behavior...
October 13, 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707447/consensus-statement-of-the-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-on-the-recommended-amount-of-sleep-for-healthy-children-methodology-and-discussion
#4
Shalini Paruthi, Lee J Brooks, Carolyn D'Ambrosio, Wendy A Hall, Suresh Kotagal, Robin M Lloyd, Beth A Malow, Kiran Maski, Cynthia Nichols, Stuart F Quan, Carol L Rosen, Matthew M Troester, Merrill S Wise
ABSTRACT: Members of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine developed consensus recommendations for the amount of sleep needed to promote optimal health in children and adolescents using a modified RAND Appropriateness Method. After review of 864 published articles, the following sleep durations are recommended: Infants 4 months to 12 months should sleep 12 to 16 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health. Children 1 to 2 years of age should sleep 11 to 14 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663811/are-ssris-responsible-for-precipitating-suicidal-ideation-in-teenagers-with-subsyndromal-bipolar-affective-disorder-who-have-been-misdiagnosed-with-unipolar-depression
#5
Stephen Hogg, Sereena Ansari, Qasim Masood, Mark Agius, Zoltan Rihmer
Concerns have recently been raised about a possible link between suicidal ideation and the use of SSRIs in teenagers diagnosed with unipolar depression, such that the USA FDA and UK CSM have issued warnings regarding the use of SSRIs in adolescents with depression. We investigated this phenomenon first by recognizing that the initial presentation of unipolar and bipolar depression may only differ in subtle ways and with the result being that a significant number of patients are misdiagnosed at the expense of patient outcomes...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572955/suicidal-ideation-among-single-pregnant-adolescents-the-role-of-sexual-and-religious-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices
#6
L F Chan, B Mohamad Adam, K N Norazlin, M I Siti Haida, V Y Lee, A W Norazura, K Ek Zakuan, Susan M K Tan
Pregnant adolescents are a high-risk population for suicide. However, a knowledge gap still exists on how sexual and religious knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) influence suicidal ideation (SI) in teenage pregnancy. We aim to explore the interplay between psychiatric diagnoses, sociodemographic factors and KAP of sexual and religious issues as risk factors of SI among 114 pregnant Malaysian adolescents from 6 rehabilitation centers and a tertiary hospital. Single sexual partner was an independent predictor of SI, suggesting the role of less sexual experience as a risk factor for SI after controlling for major depression...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544457/the-mental-health-of-transgender-youth-advances-in-understanding
#7
Maureen D Connolly, Marcus J Zervos, Charles J Barone, Christine C Johnson, Christine L M Joseph
This review provides an update on the growing body of research related to the mental health of transgender youth that has emerged since the 2011 publication of the Institute of Medicine report on the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. The databases PubMed and Ovid Medline were searched for studies that were published from January 2011 to March 2016 in English. The following search terms were used: transgender, gender nonconforming, gender minority, gender queer, and gender dysphoria. Age limits included the terms youth, child, children, teenager*, and adolescen*...
November 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457792/hepatotoxicity-induced-by-acute-and-chronic-paracetamol-overdose-in-children-where-do-we-stand
#8
Hoi Yan Tong, Nicolás Medrano, Alberto Manuel Borobia, José Antonio Ruiz, Ana María Martínez, Julia Martín, Manuel Quintana, Santos García, Antonio José Carcas, Elena Ramírez
BACKGROUND: There are few data on hepatotoxicity induced by acute or chronic paracetamol poisoning in the pediatric population. Paracetamol poisoning data can reveal the weaknesses of paracetamol poisoning management guidelines. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the patients of less than 18 years old with measurable paracetamol levels, who were brought to the emergency department (ED) of La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, for suspected paracetamol overdoses between 2005 and 2010...
July 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441540/analysis-of-some-epidemiological-rates-of-suicide-in-georgia
#9
L Kiladze, G Lezhava, E Gadelia
In the last few years, significant increase in the incidence of suicide is observed in Georgia, especially among teenagers. Effectiveness of suicide prevention greatly depends on adequate determination of causes of suicide. Statistics of suicidal death and attempts in Georgia are recorded in two agencies: the National Statistics Office (GeoStat) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia (MIA). Data from both agencies - main epidemiological indicators of 2011 - 2014 have been statically processed, analyzed and compared with the WHO data...
June 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411502/a-study-on-paracetamol-cardiotoxicity
#10
Udaya Ralapanawa, Kushalee Poornima Jayawickreme, Ekanayake Mudiyanselage Madhushanka Ekanayake, A M S Dhammika Menike Dissanayake
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka has a high suicide rate, with more than 40 % of poisoning admissions due to overdose of drugs with Paracetamol being the commonest. Data regarding cardiotoxicity to paracetamol is very minimal though hepatotoxicity following poisoning is well studied. Paracetamol cardiotoxicity has rarely been clinically significant and may have well been overlooked. The possibility that paracetamol overdose might be directly cardiotoxic has been the subject of a few reports. Unexplained deaths and electrocardiographic changes associated with paracetamol poisoning have also been reported in which cardiac origin cannot be clearly ruled out...
2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383404/a-large-case-series-of-acute-pediatric-methotrexate-ingestions-significant-clinical-effects-are-rare
#11
Matthew D Hensley, Vikhyat S Bebarta, Douglas J Borys
OBJECTIVE: Significant adverse effects after acute pediatric methotrexate (MTX) exposures have been limited to parenteral exposures. Treatment recommendations for pediatric MTX exposures do not differentiate between routes of exposure. We report the incidence of significant clinical effects and drug-specific treatments reported in a large series of acute, pediatric MTX ingestions. METHODS: Poison center records of all MTX ingestions by patients younger than 17 years during 2000 to 2005 were collected from 6 poison centers...
July 2, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058980/parental-death-during-childhood-and-depression-in-young-adults-a-national-cohort-study
#12
Lisa Berg, Mikael Rostila, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: There are few prospective, population-based studies on childhood parental death and psychiatric disorders in adulthood, and previous findings are inconclusive. This study investigated the association between parental death from natural and external (suicides, accidents or homicides) causes before 18 years and the risk of clinical depression in young adults, in relation to age at loss and gender of both child and parent. METHODS: In this register-based study, a national cohort born in Sweden during 1973-1982 (n = 862,554) was followed with regard to hospital admissions and outpatient care for depression during 2006-2013...
September 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037519/child-sexual-abuse-bullying-cyberbullying-and-mental-health-problems-among-high-schools-students-a-moderated-mediated-model
#13
Martine Hébert, Jude Mary Cénat, Martin Blais, Francine Lavoie, Mireille Guerrier
BACKGROUND: Child sexual abuse is associated with adverse outcomes, including heightened vulnerability that may translate into risk of revictimization. The aims of the study were: (1) to explore the direct and indirect links between child sexual abuse and cyberbullying, bullying, and mental health problems and (2) to study maternal support as a potential protective factor. METHODS: Teenagers involved in the two first waves of the Quebec Youths' Romantic Relationships Survey (N = 8,194 and 6,780 at Wave I and II, respectively) completed measures assessing child sexual abuse and maternal support at Wave I...
July 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26860845/-global-health-of-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-gironde-france-between-2011-and-2013
#14
O Monpierre, P Baudino, P Rio-René, S Maurice, D Malvy, M-C Receveur
UNLABELLED: The lack of clinical practice recommendations for the care of the Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM) causes significant disparities depending on which department they arrive. By studying their global health we're willing to promote a standard of care for them. METHODS: Data descriptive study from a systematic medical procedure proposed to URM who came in Gironde between January, 2011 and December, 2013. RESULTS: 235 URM were included, from Africa (71%), Asia (21%) and from Eastern Europe (8%)...
May 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633271/-characterization-of-pesticide-exposures-reported-between-2006-and-2013-to-a-poison-information-center-in-chile
#15
Waldo Gutiérrez, Patricia Cerda, José Cristian Plaza-Plaza, Juan José Mieres, Enrique Paris, Juan Carlos Ríos
BACKGROUND: Pesticides are widely used to increase crop yields and vector control. However, both acute and chronic exposure have health consequences. There is paucity of information about the global occurrence of pesticide poisonings. AIM: To characterize the reports of pesticide exposures received by a University Poison Information Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All pesticide exposures reported in Chile between 2006 and 2013 were analyzed...
October 2015: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26417784/hormonal-and-developmental-influences-on-adolescent-suicide-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Pauline Manceaux, Denis Jacques, Nicolas Zdanowicz
BACKGROUND: Teen suicide is a major public health problem. In the United States, it is the third cause of death among the 10-24 year olds. Adolescence involves numerous changes, whether physical, social, emotional or hormonal. At a neurobiological level, a teenager's nervous system is also affected and undergoes significant modifications. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of electronic literature published between January 1990 and August 2014 via MEDLINE, PubMED and PsychINFO to list articles concerning the risk of teen depression and suicide risks in adolescents as well as those relating to the adolescent's neuro-anatomical brain and the effect that puberty has on it...
September 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26383806/-mental-health-indicators-and-their-association-with-smoking-in-guadalajara-teenagers-by-sex
#17
Bertha Lidia Nuño-Gutiérrez, Alfredo Celis-de la Rosa, Olga Patricia García-Pérez
BACKGROUND: To associated mental health factors with tobacco-smoking in the last month in scholastic adolescents. METHODS: An analytic transversal study with 1134 students in the first year of senior studies in a government preparatory school. Ten mental health factors were evaluated: self-esteem, impulsiveness, depressive symptoms, suicide ideation, disordered eating, recreation, locus of control, relationship with father, relationship with mother and stress. RESULTS: We found mental health factors differences between men and women...
September 2015: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26381481/causes-of-adult-female-deaths-in-bangladesh-findings-from-two-national-surveys
#18
Quamrun Nahar, Shams El Arifeen, Kanta Jamil, Peter Kim Streatfield
BACKGROUND: Assessment of causes of death and changes in pattern of causes of death over time are needed for programmatic purposes. Limited national level data exist on the adult female causes of death in Bangladesh. METHOD: Using data from two nationally representation surveys, the 2001 and 2010 Bangladesh Maternal Mortality Surveys (BMMS), the paper examines the causes of adult female death, aged 15-49 years, and changes in the patterns of these deaths. In both surveys, all household deaths three years prior to the survey were identified...
2015: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26252868/a-controlled-trial-using-natural-language-processing-to-examine-the-language-of-suicidal-adolescents-in-the-emergency-department
#19
John P Pestian, Jacqueline Grupp-Phelan, Kevin Bretonnel Cohen, Gabriel Meyers, Linda A Richey, Pawel Matykiewicz, Michael T Sorter
What adolescents say when they think about or attempt suicide influences the medical care they receive. Mental health professionals use teenagers' words, actions, and gestures to gain insight into their emotional state and to prescribe what they believe to be optimal care. This prescription is often inconsistent among caregivers, however, and leads to varying outcomes. This variation could be reduced by applying machine learning as an aid in clinical decision support. We designed a prospective clinical trial to test the hypothesis that machine learning methods can discriminate between the conversation of suicidal and nonsuicidal individuals...
April 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26250743/the-influence-of-personality-disorder-on-outcome-in-adolescent-self-harm
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eunice Ayodeji, Jonathan Green, Chris Roberts, Gemma Trainor, Justine Rothwell, Adrine Woodham, Alison Wood
BACKGROUND: Little is currently known about the presence and impact of personality disorder in adolescents who self-harm. AIMS: To evaluate personality disorder in repeated self-harm in adolescence and its impact on self-harm psychopathology and adaptation outcomes over 1 year. METHOD: A clinical referral sample (n = 366) of adolescents presenting with repeated self-harm aged 12-17 years, as part of a randomised controlled trial (Assessment of Treatment in Suicidal Teenagers study, ASSIST)...
October 2015: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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