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Teenage suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046278/incidence-clinical-management-and-mortality-risk-following-self-harm-among-children-and-adolescents-cohort-study-in-primary-care
#1
Catharine Morgan, Roger T Webb, Matthew J Carr, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Jonathan Green, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Darren M Ashcroft
Objectives To examine temporal trends in sex and age specific incidence of self harm in children and adolescents, clinical management patterns, and risk of cause specific mortality following an index self harm episode at a young age.Design Population based cohort study.Setting UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink-electronic health records from 647 general practices, with practice level deprivation measured ecologically using the index of multiple deprivation. Patients from eligible English practices were linked to hospital episode statistics (HES) and Office for National Statistics (ONS) mortality records...
October 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882026/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-voluntary-poisoning-by-pesticides-in-2008-2014-morocco
#2
Zineb Nabih, Latifa Amiar, Zakaria Abidli, Maria Windy, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Abdelrhani Mokhtari, Rachida Soulaymani Bencheikh
Objectives: To determine the epidemiological profile of voluntary poisoning by pesticides, and determine the risk factors that may affect the life of patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis using all cases of voluntary poisoning by pesticides collected at the Antipoison and Pharmacovigilance Center of Morocco between January 2008 and December 2014. Results: During the study period, 2 690 acute pesticides poisoning cases were collected...
September 1, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814547/annual-summary-of-vital-statistics-2013-2014
#3
Sherry L Murphy, T J Mathews, Joyce A Martin, Cynthia S Minkovitz, Donna M Strobino
The number of births in the United States increased by 1% between 2013 and 2014, to a total of 3 988 076. The general fertility rate rose 1% to 62.9 births per 1000 women. The total fertility rate also rose 0.3% in 2014, to 1862.5 births per 1000 women. The teenage birth rate fell to another historic low in 2014, 24.2 births per 1000 women. The percentage of all births to unmarried women declined to 40.2% in 2014, from 40.6% in 2013. In 2014, the cesarean delivery rate declined to 32.2% from 32.7% in 2013...
June 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806009/regional-infant-and-child-mortality-review-committee-2015-final-report
#4
Ann L Wilson, Jim Sideras, Brad Randall
The Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee serves 10 counties in southeastern South Dakota and aims to use its reviews to prevent future loss of life during childhood. In 2015, the committee reviewed 24 deaths (compared to 32 cases in 2013 and 25 cases in 2014). Consistent with observations made in previous years, in 2015 all infants (n=7) who died during sleep did so with risks present in the sleep environment. Progress in decreasing these infant deaths in the region is not being observed, and in fact, may even be deteriorating...
October 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805754/-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-non-suicidal-self-injuries-in-adolescents
#5
O B Levkovskaja, Ju S Shevchenko, L Ju Danilova, V V Grachev
AIM: To perform a phenomenological/clinical/psychopathological analysis of non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) in adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors studied 155 adolescents, 140 girls and 15 boys, aged 12-17 years, including 111 with self-cutting, 5 with self-burning, 4 with self-beating. Other cases included combined, multiple and other variants of NSSI. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: NSSI develop more often in female teenagers...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747094/a-comparison-of-socioeconomic-status-and-mental-health-among-inner-city-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-women
#6
Kevin Hamdullahpur, Kahá Wi J Jacobs, Kathryn J Gill
Aboriginal women in urban areas have been reported to experience high rates of poverty, homelessness, interpersonal violence, and health problems. However, there are few prior ethnocultural comparisons of urban women from similar socioeconomic backgrounds. The current study explored the mental and physical health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women accessing social services agencies and shelters. Half of the sample (n=172) was Aboriginal (48.3%). The lifetime rate of physical abuse was significantly higher in Aboriginal women, and they were more likely to have been victims of violence or crime in the past year (A=50...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738369/inflammatory-and-innate-immune-markers-of-neuroprogression-in-depressed-and-teenage-suicide-brain
#7
Ghanshyam N Pandey
Several studies suggest that major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BPD) are neuroprogressive illnesses. Besides clinical features, neurobiological mechanisms have been suggested to contribute to the neuroprogression of mood disorders. Biological factors that have been shown to contribute significantly toward the neuroprogressive course of these disorders are inflammatory markers, such as cytokines. Cytokines have been extensively investigated, primarily in the serum of MDD and BPD patients, and these studies show cytokine abnormalities in both adolescent and adult patients with mood disorders...
2017: Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698180/german-doctors-condemn-internet-tv-series-depicting-teenage-suicide
#8
Ned Stafford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560265/isoform-specific-differences-in-phospholipase-c-beta-1-expression-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-in-schizophrenia-and-suicide
#9
M Udawela, E Scarr, S Boer, J Y Um, A J Hannan, C McOmish, C C Felder, E A Thomas, B Dean
Our previous study demonstrated that phospholipase C beta 1 mRNA was down-regulated in Brodmann's area 46 from subjects with schizophrenia. However, phospholipase C beta 1 protein has also been shown to be lower in Brodmann's area 8 and 9 from teenage suicide subjects, creating a potential confound in interpreting the findings in schizophrenia due to the high suicide rate associated with this disorder. To begin to reconcile and consolidate these findings, in this study, we measured mRNA and protein levels of phospholipase C beta 1 variants a and b in Brodmann's area 46 and Brodmann's area 9 from subjects with schizophrenia, many of whom were suicide completers, and determined the diagnostic specificity of observed findings...
2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510640/increased-risk-of-premature-death-following-teenage-abortion-and-childbirth-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#10
Eerika Jalanko, Suvi Leppälahti, Oskari Heikinheimo, Mika Gissler
Background: Teenage pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of premature death. However, it is not known whether the outcome of pregnancy, i.e. induced abortion or childbirth, affects this risk. Methods: A Finnish population-based register study involving a cohort of 13 691 nulliparous teenagers who conceived in 1987-89; 6652 of them underwent induced abortion and 7039 delivered. The control group consisted of 41 012 coeval women without teenage pregnancy...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471552/-self-injuring-a-symptom-retaining-our-attention
#11
REVIEW
L Fournier, A Malchair
Self-injuring is a process that usually occurs during adolescence; its prevalence has increased over recent years. Nowadays, nearly one out of six teenagers is concerned. The most frequent form is the «superficial» one and corresponds to the term NSSI (Non Suicidal Self Injury) recently mentioned in the third section of the DSM-5. More and more publicized, this practice may disturb. However, it reflects an underlying state of psychic suffering and should not be underestimated or dramatized. It has to be considered as a form of coping even if it is clearly damaging and, in some cases, may be connected to a higher suicidal risk...
April 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411662/-suicide-in-adolescence
#12
Alexandra Tubiana, Renaud F Cohen, Jean-Pierre Kahn
On average, in one year in France, six in every thirty teenagers have suicidal thoughts and two attempt suicide. At this age, suicidal behaviour is structured around psychopathological, developmental and relational dimensions. Talking about suicide helps to avoid it but educating teenagers in mental health is the best way of preventing this definitive act.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409141/intrathoracic-fracture-dislocation-of-the-humerus-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Wilson Carlos Sola Junior, Paulo Sérgio Dos Santos
Shoulder fracture-dislocations are uncommon. Those associated with intrathoracic dislocation are very rare conditions, resulting from high-energy trauma; usually, the affected limb is in an abduction position. In Brazil, there is only one report of a teenager with displacement of the epiphysis into the chest cavity; the present is the first adult patient report of intrathoracic dislocation of the humerus. The authors present the case of a patient female, aged 56 years, who was hit by motorcycle and thrown approximately 5 meters away...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320869/prescription-opioid-exposures-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2000-2015
#14
Jakob D Allen, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzes and compares exposures to prescription opioids among children and adolescents younger than 20 years old in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Poison Data System for 2000 through 2015 were analyzed. RESULTS: Poison control centers received reports of 188 468 prescription opioid exposures among children aged <20 years old from 2000 through 2015. The annual number and rate of exposures increased early in the study period, but declined after 2009, except for buprenorphine exposures, which increased during the last 3 study years...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238208/ask-me-self-reported-features-of-adolescents-experiencing-neglect-or-emotional-maltreatment-a-rapid-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
A M Naughton, L E Cowley, V Tempest, S A Maguire, M K Mann, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: Neglect is often overlooked in adolescence, due in part to assumptions about autonomy and misinterpretation of behaviors being part of normal adolescent development. Emotional maltreatment (abuse or neglect) has a damaging effect throughout the lifespan, but is rarely recognized amongst adolescents. Our review aims to identify features that adolescents experiencing neglect and/ or emotional maltreatment report. METHOD: A rapid review methodology searched 8 databases (1990-2014), supplemented by hand searching journals, and references, identifying 2,568 abstracts...
February 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#16
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#17
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769006/younger-or-older-parental-age-and-risk-of-suicidality-premature-death-psychiatric-illness-and-criminality-in-offspring
#18
Pearl L H Mok, Sussie Antonsen, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Roger T Webb
BACKGROUND: Younger or older parental age has been linked with a range of adverse offspring endpoints. We investigated associations between parental age and nine adverse offspring outcomes in three correlated domains: (i) Premature death: suicide, unnatural death, natural death; (ii) Psychiatric morbidity: any mental illness, suicide attempt, substance misuse; (iii) Criminality: violent offending, imprisonment, driving whilst intoxicated. METHODS: Persons born in Denmark 1966-1996 were followed from their 15th until 40th birthday or December 2011 (N=1,793,681)...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746434/enormous-pedunculated-vegetation-originating-in-the-left-ventricular-apex-in-a-patient-with-infective-endocarditis
#19
Azusa Murata, Kenji Inoue, Sonomi Maruyama, Shigekazu Iguchi, Manabu Sugita, Makoto Hiki, Shinya Okazaki, Iwao Okai, Yasumasa Fujiwara, Masataka Sumiyoshi, Taira Yamamoto, Atsushi Amano, Masao Daimon, Hiroyuki Daida
A healthy teenage Japanese girl was admitted to our hospital after experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. She had attempted to commit suicide by taking 4,950 mg of disopyramide and 12 mg of flunitrazepam. Mechanical cardiopulmonary support was started with percutaneous cannulation of the femoral vessels. Several days later, a blood culture tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large mobile and solid mass attached to the apical part of the left ventricle. To the best of our knowledge, the anatomical location of a pedunculated mass originating from the apex is a rare condition...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738194/prevention-starts-with-awareness-adoptive-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-suicidal-behavior
#20
Leslie Morgan
Adolescents are at higher risk for suicide attempts than other age groups. Suicide is now the second leading cause of death in the United States for ages 12 to 18; moreover, the risk of suicide is significantly higher for adoptive teens. In fact, adoptive teenagers have a four times higher rate of suicide attempts than biological children, perhaps due to the underlying nature of adoption, which can involve a pervasive sense of grief and loss for the adoptee. Unresolved anger and sadness from feelings of abandonment-especially when transitioning to adolescence-can cause a seemingly functional child to dissociate through self-harm and eventually demonstrate suicidal behavior...
October 13, 2016: NASN School Nurse
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