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Teenage suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560265/isoform-specific-differences-in-phospholipase-c-beta-1-expression-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-in-schizophrenia-and-suicide
#1
M Udawela, E Scarr, S Boer, J Y Um, A J Hannan, C McOmish, C C Felder, E A Thomas, B Dean
Our previous study demonstrated that phospholipase C beta 1 mRNA was down-regulated in Brodmann's area 46 from subjects with schizophrenia. However, phospholipase C beta 1 protein has also been shown to be lower in Brodmann's area 8 and 9 from teenage suicide subjects, creating a potential confound in interpreting the findings in schizophrenia due to the high suicide rate associated with this disorder. To begin to reconcile and consolidate these findings, in this study, we measured mRNA and protein levels of phospholipase C beta 1 variants a and b in Brodmann's area 46 and Brodmann's area 9 from subjects with schizophrenia, many of whom were suicide completers, and determined the diagnostic specificity of observed findings...
2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510640/increased-risk-of-premature-death-following-teenage-abortion-and-childbirth-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
Eerika Jalanko, Suvi Leppälahti, Oskari Heikinheimo, Mika Gissler
Teenage pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of premature death. However, it is not known whether the outcome of pregnancy, i.e. induced abortion or childbirth, affects this risk. A Finnish population-based register study involving a cohort of 13 691 nulliparous teenagers who conceived in 1987-89; 6652 of them underwent induced abortion and 7039 delivered. The control group consisted of 41 012 coeval women without teenage pregnancy. Follow-up started at the end of pregnancy and lasted until 6th June 2013...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471552/-self-injuring-a-symptom-retaining-our-attention
#3
REVIEW
L Fournier, A Malchair
Self-injuring is a process that usually occurs during adolescence; its prevalence has increased over recent years. Nowadays, nearly one out of six teenagers is concerned. The most frequent form is the «superficial» one and corresponds to the term NSSI (Non Suicidal Self Injury) recently mentioned in the third section of the DSM-5. More and more publicized, this practice may disturb. However, it reflects an underlying state of psychic suffering and should not be underestimated or dramatized. It has to be considered as a form of coping even if it is clearly damaging and, in some cases, may be connected to a higher suicidal risk...
April 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411662/-suicide-in-adolescence
#4
Alexandra Tubiana, Renaud F Cohen, Jean-Pierre Kahn
On average, in one year in France, six in every thirty teenagers have suicidal thoughts and two attempt suicide. At this age, suicidal behaviour is structured around psychopathological, developmental and relational dimensions. Talking about suicide helps to avoid it but educating teenagers in mental health is the best way of preventing this definitive act.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409141/intrathoracic-fracture-dislocation-of-the-humerus-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Wilson Carlos Sola Junior, Paulo Sérgio Dos Santos
Shoulder fracture-dislocations are uncommon. Those associated with intrathoracic dislocation are very rare conditions, resulting from high-energy trauma; usually, the affected limb is in an abduction position. In Brazil, there is only one report of a teenager with displacement of the epiphysis into the chest cavity; the present is the first adult patient report of intrathoracic dislocation of the humerus. The authors present the case of a patient female, aged 56 years, who was hit by motorcycle and thrown approximately 5 meters away...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320869/prescription-opioid-exposures-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2000-2015
#6
Jakob D Allen, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzes and compares exposures to prescription opioids among children and adolescents younger than 20 years old in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Poison Data System for 2000 through 2015 were analyzed. RESULTS: Poison control centers received reports of 188 468 prescription opioid exposures among children aged <20 years old from 2000 through 2015. The annual number and rate of exposures increased early in the study period, but declined after 2009, except for buprenorphine exposures, which increased during the last 3 study years...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238208/ask-me-self-reported-features-of-adolescents-experiencing-neglect-or-emotional-maltreatment-a-rapid-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
A M Naughton, L E Cowley, V Tempest, S A Maguire, M K Mann, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: Neglect is often overlooked in adolescence, due in part to assumptions about autonomy and misinterpretation of behaviors being part of normal adolescent development. Emotional maltreatment (abuse or neglect) has a damaging effect throughout the lifespan, but is rarely recognized amongst adolescents. Our review aims to identify features that adolescents experiencing neglect and/ or emotional maltreatment report. METHOD: A rapid review methodology searched 8 databases (1990-2014), supplemented by hand searching journals, and references, identifying 2,568 abstracts...
February 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#8
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#9
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769006/younger-or-older-parental-age-and-risk-of-suicidality-premature-death-psychiatric-illness-and-criminality-in-offspring
#10
Pearl L H Mok, Sussie Antonsen, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Roger T Webb
BACKGROUND: Younger or older parental age has been linked with a range of adverse offspring endpoints. We investigated associations between parental age and nine adverse offspring outcomes in three correlated domains: (i) Premature death: suicide, unnatural death, natural death; (ii) Psychiatric morbidity: any mental illness, suicide attempt, substance misuse; (iii) Criminality: violent offending, imprisonment, driving whilst intoxicated. METHODS: Persons born in Denmark 1966-1996 were followed from their 15th until 40th birthday or December 2011 (N=1,793,681)...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746434/enormous-pedunculated-vegetation-originating-in-the-left-ventricular-apex-in-a-patient-with-infective-endocarditis
#11
Azusa Murata, Kenji Inoue, Sonomi Maruyama, Shigekazu Iguchi, Manabu Sugita, Makoto Hiki, Shinya Okazaki, Iwao Okai, Yasumasa Fujiwara, Masataka Sumiyoshi, Taira Yamamoto, Atsushi Amano, Masao Daimon, Hiroyuki Daida
A healthy teenage Japanese girl was admitted to our hospital after experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. She had attempted to commit suicide by taking 4,950 mg of disopyramide and 12 mg of flunitrazepam. Mechanical cardiopulmonary support was started with percutaneous cannulation of the femoral vessels. Several days later, a blood culture tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large mobile and solid mass attached to the apical part of the left ventricle. To the best of our knowledge, the anatomical location of a pedunculated mass originating from the apex is a rare condition...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738194/prevention-starts-with-awareness-adoptive-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-suicidal-behavior
#12
Leslie Morgan
Adolescents are at higher risk for suicide attempts than other age groups. Suicide is now the second leading cause of death in the United States for ages 12 to 18; moreover, the risk of suicide is significantly higher for adoptive teens. In fact, adoptive teenagers have a four times higher rate of suicide attempts than biological children, perhaps due to the underlying nature of adoption, which can involve a pervasive sense of grief and loss for the adoptee. Unresolved anger and sadness from feelings of abandonment-especially when transitioning to adolescence-can cause a seemingly functional child to dissociate through self-harm and eventually demonstrate suicidal behavior...
October 13, 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707447/consensus-statement-of-the-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-on-the-recommended-amount-of-sleep-for-healthy-children-methodology-and-discussion
#13
Shalini Paruthi, Lee J Brooks, Carolyn D'Ambrosio, Wendy A Hall, Suresh Kotagal, Robin M Lloyd, Beth A Malow, Kiran Maski, Cynthia Nichols, Stuart F Quan, Carol L Rosen, Matthew M Troester, Merrill S Wise
ABSTRACT: Members of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine developed consensus recommendations for the amount of sleep needed to promote optimal health in children and adolescents using a modified RAND Appropriateness Method. After review of 864 published articles, the following sleep durations are recommended: Infants 4 months to 12 months should sleep 12 to 16 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health. Children 1 to 2 years of age should sleep 11 to 14 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663811/are-ssris-responsible-for-precipitating-suicidal-ideation-in-teenagers-with-subsyndromal-bipolar-affective-disorder-who-have-been-misdiagnosed-with-unipolar-depression
#14
Stephen Hogg, Sereena Ansari, Qasim Masood, Mark Agius, Zoltan Rihmer
Concerns have recently been raised about a possible link between suicidal ideation and the use of SSRIs in teenagers diagnosed with unipolar depression, such that the USA FDA and UK CSM have issued warnings regarding the use of SSRIs in adolescents with depression. We investigated this phenomenon first by recognizing that the initial presentation of unipolar and bipolar depression may only differ in subtle ways and with the result being that a significant number of patients are misdiagnosed at the expense of patient outcomes...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572955/suicidal-ideation-among-single-pregnant-adolescents-the-role-of-sexual-and-religious-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices
#15
L F Chan, B Mohamad Adam, K N Norazlin, M I Siti Haida, V Y Lee, A W Norazura, K Ek Zakuan, Susan M K Tan
Pregnant adolescents are a high-risk population for suicide. However, a knowledge gap still exists on how sexual and religious knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) influence suicidal ideation (SI) in teenage pregnancy. We aim to explore the interplay between psychiatric diagnoses, sociodemographic factors and KAP of sexual and religious issues as risk factors of SI among 114 pregnant Malaysian adolescents from 6 rehabilitation centers and a tertiary hospital. Single sexual partner was an independent predictor of SI, suggesting the role of less sexual experience as a risk factor for SI after controlling for major depression...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544457/the-mental-health-of-transgender-youth-advances-in-understanding
#16
REVIEW
Maureen D Connolly, Marcus J Zervos, Charles J Barone, Christine C Johnson, Christine L M Joseph
This review provides an update on the growing body of research related to the mental health of transgender youth that has emerged since the 2011 publication of the Institute of Medicine report on the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. The databases PubMed and Ovid Medline were searched for studies that were published from January 2011 to March 2016 in English. The following search terms were used: transgender, gender nonconforming, gender minority, gender queer, and gender dysphoria. Age limits included the terms youth, child, children, teenager*, and adolescen*...
November 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457792/hepatotoxicity-induced-by-acute-and-chronic-paracetamol-overdose-in-children-where-do-we-stand
#17
Hoi Yan Tong, Nicolás Medrano, Alberto Manuel Borobia, José Antonio Ruiz, Ana María Martínez, Julia Martín, Manuel Quintana, Santos García, Antonio José Carcas, Elena Ramírez
BACKGROUND: There are few data on hepatotoxicity induced by acute or chronic paracetamol poisoning in the pediatric population. Paracetamol poisoning data can reveal the weaknesses of paracetamol poisoning management guidelines. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the patients of less than 18 years old with measurable paracetamol levels, who were brought to the emergency department (ED) of La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, for suspected paracetamol overdoses between 2005 and 2010...
February 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441540/analysis-of-some-epidemiological-rates-of-suicide-in-georgia
#18
L Kiladze, G Lezhava, E Gadelia
In the last few years, significant increase in the incidence of suicide is observed in Georgia, especially among teenagers. Effectiveness of suicide prevention greatly depends on adequate determination of causes of suicide. Statistics of suicidal death and attempts in Georgia are recorded in two agencies: the National Statistics Office (GeoStat) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia (MIA). Data from both agencies - main epidemiological indicators of 2011 - 2014 have been statically processed, analyzed and compared with the WHO data...
June 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411502/a-study-on-paracetamol-cardiotoxicity
#19
Udaya Ralapanawa, Kushalee Poornima Jayawickreme, Ekanayake Mudiyanselage Madhushanka Ekanayake, A M S Dhammika Menike Dissanayake
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka has a high suicide rate, with more than 40 % of poisoning admissions due to overdose of drugs with Paracetamol being the commonest. Data regarding cardiotoxicity to paracetamol is very minimal though hepatotoxicity following poisoning is well studied. Paracetamol cardiotoxicity has rarely been clinically significant and may have well been overlooked. The possibility that paracetamol overdose might be directly cardiotoxic has been the subject of a few reports. Unexplained deaths and electrocardiographic changes associated with paracetamol poisoning have also been reported in which cardiac origin cannot be clearly ruled out...
2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383404/a-large-case-series-of-acute-pediatric-methotrexate-ingestions-significant-clinical-effects-are-rare
#20
Matthew D Hensley, Vikhyat S Bebarta, Douglas J Borys
OBJECTIVE: Significant adverse effects after acute pediatric methotrexate (MTX) exposures have been limited to parenteral exposures. Treatment recommendations for pediatric MTX exposures do not differentiate between routes of exposure. We report the incidence of significant clinical effects and drug-specific treatments reported in a large series of acute, pediatric MTX ingestions. METHODS: Poison center records of all MTX ingestions by patients younger than 17 years during 2000 to 2005 were collected from 6 poison centers...
October 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
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