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Kate H Choi, Marta Tienda
Owing to secular increases in divorce rates, remarriage has become a prevalent feature of American family life; yet, research about mate selection behavior in higher order marriages remains limited. Using log-linear methods to recent data from the 2008-2014 American Community Survey, we compare racial and ethnic sorting behavior in first and subsequent marriages. The two most frequently crossed boundaries - those involving White-Asian and White-Hispanic couples - are more permeable in remarriages than in first marriages...
February 2017: Social Science Research
Jonathan M Fanaroff
Minor-aged patients are often brought to the pediatrician for nonurgent acute medical care, physical examinations, or health supervision visits by someone other than their legally authorized representative, which, in most situations, is a parent. These surrogates or proxies can be members of the child's extended family, such as a grandparent, adult sibling, or aunt/uncle; a noncustodial parent or stepparent in cases of divorce and remarriage; an adult who lives in the home but is not biologically or legally related to the child; or even a child care provider (eg, au pair, nanny, private-duty nurse/nurse's aide, group home supervisor)...
January 23, 2017: Pediatrics
Kenneth S Kendler, Sara Larsson Lönn, Jessica Salvatore, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the magnitude and nature of the relationship between divorce and risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHOD: In a population-based Swedish sample of married individuals (N=942,366), the authors examined the association between divorce or widowhood and risk for first registration for AUD. AUD was assessed using medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: Divorce was strongly associated with risk for first AUD onset in both men (hazard ratio=5...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
Kristin Snopkowski
Serial monogamy is likely an adaptive mating strategy for women when the expected future fitness gains with a different partner are greater than expected future fitness with one's current partner. Using interview data from more than 400 women in San Borja, Bolivia, discrete-time event history analyses and random effects regression analyses were conducted to examine predictors of marital dissolution, separated by remarriage status, and child educational outcomes. Male income was found to be inversely associated with women's risk of "divorce and remarriage," whereas female income is positively associated with women's risk of "divorce, but not remarriage...
December 2016: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
Susan L Brown, I-Fen Lin, Anna M Hammersmith, Matthew R Wright
OBJECTIVES: Our study compares two types of later life marital dissolution that occur after age 50-divorce and widowhood-and their associations with repartnership status (i.e., remarried, cohabiting, or unpartnered). METHOD: We used data from the Health and Retirement Study to provide a portrait of later life divorce and widowhood for women and men. Next, we tested whether marital dissolution type is related to women's and men's repartnered status, distinguishing among remarrieds, cohabitors, and unpartnereds, net of key sociodemographic indicators...
April 30, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: Reczek, Corinne, Tetyana Pudrovska, Deborah Carr, Mieke Beth Thomeer, and Debra Umberson. "Marital Histories and Heavy Alcohol Use among Older Adults." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 57(1):77-96. doi:10.1177/0022146515628028In the above article, the 'n' values in the Abstract section were incorrect. The correct values are shown below. ABSTRACT: We develop a gendered marital biography approach-which emphasizes the accumulating gendered experiences of singlehood, marriage, marital dissolution, and remarriage-to examine the relationship between marital statuses and transitions and heavy alcohol use...
June 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Abhishek P Patel, Ryan P Smith
Vasectomy is a safe and effective method of contraception used by 42-60 million men worldwide. Approximately 3%-6% of men opt for a vasectomy reversal due to the death of a child or divorce and remarriage, change in financial situation, desire for more children within the same marriage, or to alleviate the dreaded postvasectomy pain syndrome. Unlike vasectomy, vasectomy reversal is a much more technically challenging procedure that is performed only by a minority of urologists and places a larger financial strain on the patient since it is usually not covered by insurance...
May 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Corinne Reczek, Tetyana Pudrovska, Deborah Carr, Mieke Beth Thomeer, Debra Umberson
We develop a gendered marital biography approach-which emphasizes the accumulating gendered experiences of singlehood, marriage, marital dissolution, and remarriage-to examine the relationship between marital statuses and transitions and heavy alcohol use. We test this approach using individual-level (n = 10,457) and couple-level (n = 2,170) longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study, and individual-level (n = 46) and couple-level (n = 42) in-depth interview data. Quantitative results show that marriage, including remarriage, reduces men's but increases women's drinking relative to being never married and previously married, whereas divorce increases men's but decrease women's drinking, with some variation by age...
March 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Arabinda N Chowdhury, Ranajit Mondal, Arabinda Brahma, Mrinal K Biswas
AIMS: Human-tiger conflict (HTC) is a serious public health issue in Sundarban Reserve Forest, India. HTC is a continued concern for the significant mortality and morbidity of both human and tiger population. This is the first comprehensive report on Sundarban tiger-human conflicts and its impact on widows whose husbands were killed by tigers. The study attempts to explore the situation analysis of HTC and the aftermath of the incident including bereavement and coping, the cultural stigma related to being killed by a tiger and the consequent discrimination, deprivation, and social rejection, and the impact on the mental health of the tiger-widows...
2016: Environmental Health Insights
Kenona H Southwell, Shelley M MacDermid Wadsworth
Female service members' family structures differ from the traditional male service member-female spouse composition of military families. Consequently, this mixed-methods study reviewed demographic data, empirical evidence, and presented findings from secondary analyses of the 2010 wave of the Military Family Life Project regarding structural differences in male and female service members' families and perceptions and experiences of military spouses. In addition, to gain an understanding of the influence of women's service on their family functioning, we conducted in-depth telephone interviews with 20 civilian husbands residing in 11 states around the United States...
January 2016: Military Medicine
Mohammad Amiri, Ahmad Khosravi, Reza Chaman, Zakieh Sadeghi, Mehdi Raei, MohammadAli Jahanitiji, Fardin Mehrabian
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Social reactions to infertility are one of the concerns infertile people. This study aimed to investigate the social consequences of infertility among urban and rural population of Shahroud in northeast of Iran. METHOD: This study is a comparative study that was conducted in 2013. In this study, 1,528 women (511 infertile and 1017 fertile ones) were randomly selected. The 36-item questionnaire included 18 items about women's attitude towards infertility and 18 questions about the consequences of infertility was used...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Rachana Chibber, Jassim Al-Hijji, Ali Amen, Mohamed Fouda, Zeinab Mohammed Kaleemullah, Eyad El-Saleh, Asiya Tasneem Mohammed
AIMS: To determine maternal and perinatal outcome of eclampsia patients over a decade. METHODS: Analysis of case records of all eclampsia cases from January 2005 to December 2014. RESULTS: There were 30 cases of eclampsia. The most significant risk factors for developing pre-eclampsia are unbooked cases (97%), nulliparity, young age, marriage ≤4 months, history of pre-eclampsia in previous pregnancy, remarriage, preexisting diabetes mellitus, interval between pregnancies ≥10 years, positive family history...
October 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ahmed Rashid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Jasim Naeem Al-Asadi, Zainab B Hussein
BACKGROUND: The extent of depression and its risk factors among infertile women may vary across different populations. The current study aimed to examine the prevalence and risk factors of depression among infertile women in Basrah, Iraq. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including 251 infertile women who attended the infertility and in vitro fertilization unit in Basrah City. They were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Depression was assessed by Interactional Classification of Diseases-Version 10 (ICD-10) criteria...
November 2015: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
A Hiyoshi, K Fall, G Netuveli, S Montgomery
As marriage is associated with lower depression rates compared with being single in men, we aimed to examine if remarriage compared with remaining divorced is also associated with a reduced depression risk. Swedish register data were used to define a cohort of men who were born between 1952 and 1956 and underwent a compulsory military conscription assessment in adolescence. This study population comprised men who were divorced in 1985 (n = 72,246). The risk of pharmaceutically treated depression from 2005 to 2009 was compared for those who remarried or remained divorced between 1986 and 2004...
September 2015: Social Science & Medicine
Antti O Tanskanen, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Anna Rotkirch
Divorce and remarriage influence family relations, yet few studies explore changes in grandparenting due to family recomposition. We study variations in grandparental investment when the parents have children from several unions. Using nationally representative data of younger adults from the Generational Transmissions in Finland survey conducted in 2012 (sample n = 760 parents), we compare the grandchild care that parents report having received from their parents and parents-in-law. Results show that multipartner fertility is not associated with the amount of grandparental investment a parent receives from his or her own parents, but is associated with the investment received from mother's parents-in-law...
December 2014: Advances in Life Course Research
Matthew E Dupre, Linda K George, Guangya Liu, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Divorce is a major life stressor that can have economic, emotional, and physical health consequences. However, the cumulative association between divorce and risks for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unknown. This study investigated the association between lifetime exposure to divorce and the incidence of AMI in US adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used nationally representative data from a prospective cohort of ever-married adults aged 45 to 80 years (n=15,827) who were followed biennially from 1992 to 2010...
May 2015: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Chelsea L Garneau, Brian Higginbotham, Francesca Adler-Baeder
Using an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model, we examined remarriage beliefs as predictors of marital quality and positive interaction in a sample of 179 stepcouples. Three beliefs were measured using subscales from the Remarriage Belief Inventory (RMBI) including success is slim, children are the priority, and finances should be pooled. Several significant actor and partner effects were found for both wives' and husbands' beliefs. Wives' marital quality was positively associated with their own beliefs that finances should be pooled and negatively associated with their own beliefs that success is slim...
December 2015: Family Process
Harald Werneck, Maximilian O Eder, Simone Ebner, Sonja Werneck-Rohrer
Father-Child-Contact and Well-being of the Children in Separated and Non-Separated Families This study investigated determinants of the contact between children and fathers after parental separation and the interplay of family status (non-separated vs. separated families), father-child relationship-quality and child's well-being. We compared 254 adolescents aged 15 to 19 years, from non-separated and separated families, by administering an adaptation of the "Inventory of Life Quality in Children and Adolescents" (Mattejat u...
2015: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Michael S Hollingshaus, Ken R Smith
Early-life parental death (PD) may increase suicide and other mortality risk in adulthood. The potential implications of subsequent remarriage of the widowed parent (RWP) for suicide have not been well examined. Data came from the Utah Population Database for birth cohorts between 1886 and 1960, yielding a sample of N = 663,729 individuals, including 4533 suicides. Cox models showed PD was associated with increased adult suicide risk before age 50, and with increased risk of cardiovascular disease deaths (CVD) for adults of all ages...
April 2015: Social Science & Medicine
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