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Spine surgery metastasis

J McGrane, S Carswell, T Talbot
We report a case of a 66-year-old man with locally advanced and metastatic basal cell carcinoma (BCC) causing spinal cord compression, which was treated with spinal surgery and subsequent vismodegib. The patient presented with a large fungating chest wall lesion and a metastasis in T8 that was causing cord compression. He had neurosurgical decompression of the T8 lesion and fixation of the spine. Punch biopsy from the fungating chest wall lesion showed a BCC with some malignant squamous differentiation (basosquamous)...
November 30, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Soichi Oka, Hiroki Matsumiya, Shuichi Shinohara, Taiji Kuwata, Masaru Takenaka, Yasuhiro Chikaishi, Ayako Hirai, Naoko Imanishi, Koji Kuroda, Sohsuke Yamada, Hidetaka Uramoto, Eiichiro Nakamura, Fumihiro Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Surgery for lung cancer invading the spine remains challenging associated with high morbidity and mortality. However, recent advances in surgical techniques as well as in perioperative care may improve outcomes of lung cancer surgery with vertebrectomy. We describe our surgical approach and assess the outcome lung cancer invading the spine. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our recent experiences of lung cancer with vertebral invasion, in which we have performed total or partial vertebrectomy from January 2011 through April 2015...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Giulia R Mosele, Gianfilippo Caggiari, Roberto M Scarpa, Carlo Doria
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is among the 10 most common cancers in both men and women. It comprises 2-3% of all malignancies. The most common site for metastasis from RCC is the lung (50% of patients), followed by the skeleton (20% to 50% of patients). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our consecutive series of 63 patients surgically treated for spinal metastases from RCC. The surgical treatment for spinal metastases varied in each patient. Factors influencing the choice of surgery included age, disease status, symptoms, morbidity of the patient, the location, the number of repetitive lesions and the existence of extra-osseous metastases...
October 21, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Kenichiro Kakutani, Yoshitada Sakai, Koichiro Maeno, Toru Takada, Takashi Yurube, Takuto Kurakawa, Shingo Miyazaki, Yoshiki Terashima, Masaaki Ito, Hitomi Hara, Teruya Kawamoto, Yasuo Ejima, Akihiro Sakashita, Naomi Kiyota, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Ryohei Sasaki, Toshihro Akisue, Hironobu Minami, Ryosuke Kuroda, Masahiro Kurosaka, Kotaro Nishida
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of performance status (PS) and activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with spinal metastasis. OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of spinal surgery on PS and ADL in patients with spinal metastasis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal metastasis causes severe neurological deficits, resulting in drastic loss of patients' PS and ADL. However, the effect of spine surgery on PS and ADL is not well known...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Wei Wan, Yan Lou, Zhiqi Hu, Ting Wang, Jinsong Li, Yu Tang, Zhipeng Wu, Leqin Xu, Xinghai Yang, Dianwen Song, Jianru Xiao
Little information has been published in the literature regarding survival outcomes of patients with Ewing's sarcoma family tumors (ESFTs) of the spine. The purpose of this study is to explore factors that may affect the prognosis of patients with non-metastatic spinal ESFTs. A retrospective analysis of survival outcomes was performed in patients with non-metastatic spinal ESFTs. Univariate and multivariate analyses were employed to identify prognostic factors for recurrence and survival. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were defined as the date of surgery to the date of local relapse and death...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Taisei Sako, Yasuaki Iida, Yuichirou Yokoyama, Shintaro Tsuge, Keiji Hasegawa, Akihito Wada, Tetsuo Mikami, Hiroshi Takahashi
Solitary epidural space metastasis of a malignant tumor is rare. We encountered a 79-year-old male patient with solitary metastatic epidural tumor who developed paraplegia and dysuria. The patient had undergone total gastrectomy for gastric cancer followed by chemotherapy 8 months priorly. The whole body was examined for suspected metastatic spinal tumor, but no metastases of the spine or important organs were observed, and a solitary mass was present in the thoracic spinal epidural space. The mass was excised for diagnosis and treatment and was histopathologically diagnosed as metastasis from gastric cancer...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Masatoshi Yunoki, Kenta Suzuki, Atsuhito Uneda, Kimihiro Yoshino
BACKGROUND: Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare, aggressive tumor of the nasal cavity. It may invade the paranasal cavities and anterior skull base locally but may also metastasize to the cervical lymph nodes, lungs, or distant central nervous system. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here, we report a case of ONB in which emergency surgery was performed for intradural spinal metastasis (ISM). The patient was a 52-year-old male who underwent surgery for ONB. The tumor extended from the nasal cavity to the intracranial space and was resected completely...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
G Abi Lahoud, S Abi Jaoude
The spine is the most common site of skeletal metastases. Treatment decisions for patients with spinal metastases can be challenging and greatly depend on survival prognosis. Surgery remains a valuable weapon in the therapeutic arsenal. A review of the literature describing the role of surgery, the various surgical approaches and the prognostic scores available for the management of spinal metastases was performed and summarized. Surgery for spinal metastases has 3 main objectives: management of pain, achievement of mechanical stability and preservation or restoration of neurological function...
October 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Nils Hansen-Algenstaedt, Mun Keong Kwan, Petra Algenstaedt, Chee Kidd Chiu, Lennart Viezens, Teik Seng Chan, Chee Kean Lee, Jasmin Wellbrock, Chris Yin Wei Chan, Christian Schaefer
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective Propensity Score-Matched Study OBJECTIVE.: To compare the outcomes of minimal invasive surgery (MIS) and conventional open surgery for spinal metastasis patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is lack of knowledge on whether minimally invasive surgery is comparable to conventional open surgery in treating spinal metastasis patients. METHODS: Spinal metastasis patients requiring surgeries from January 2008 to December 2010 in two spine centers were recruited...
August 31, 2016: Spine
Thomas P Madaelil, Jeremiah R Long, Adam N Wallace, Jonathan C Baker, Wilson Z Ray, Paul Santiago, Jacob Buchowski, Lukas P Zebala, Jack W Jennings
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate proof-of-concept of preoperative percutaneous intraosseous fiducial marker placement prior to thoracic spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Wrong level spine surgery is defined as a never event by Center for Medicare Services, yet the strength of data supporting the implementation of Universal Protocol to limit wrong level surgery is weak. The thoracic spine is especially prone to intraoperative mislocalization, particularly in cases of morbid obesity and anatomic variations...
August 31, 2016: Spine
Rafael De la Garza Ramos, C Rory Goodwin, Amit Jain, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Charles G Fisher, Chetan Bettegowda, Daniel M Sciubba
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a perioperative metastatic spinal tumor frailty index (MSTFI) which could predict morbidity, mortality, and length of stay. METHODS: A large inpatient hospitalization database was searched from 2002-2011 to identify 4,583 patients with spinal metastasis from breast (21.1%), lung (34.1%), thyroid (3.8%), renal (19.9%) and prostate (21.1%) cancer who underwent surgery. A multiple logistic regression model identified nine independent parameters that were used to construct the MSTFI: anemia, chronic lung disease, coagulopathy, electrolyte abnormalities, pulmonary circulation disorders, renal failure, malnutrition, emergent/urgent admission, and anterior/combined surgical approach...
August 17, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Jian Yang, Xinghai Yang, Wujun Miao, Qi Jia, Wei Wan, Tong Meng, Zhipeng Wu, Xiaopan Cai, Dianwen Song, Jianru Xiao
BACKGROUND: For a long time, chordoma has been known as an osseous tumor mainly found at the clivus and sacrococcygeal region. However, spine extra-osseous chordoma (SEC) with a better prognosis than the classic type has been neglected. According to our literature review, only several case reports have been published in English literatures. Here in this article, three cases of SEC, plus a literature review, are presented. CASE PRESENTATION: Three cases of SEC were presented from our center...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Wang Mi Liu, Chong Bian, Yun Liang, Libo Jiang, Chen Qian, Jian Dong
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the accuracy and value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting pedicle involvement for patients with spine metastases. METHODS: Forty-five patients with a vertebral metastasis encroaching at least one pedicle were studied using MRI before surgery and regularly after surgery. Patients were categorized on the basis of their numbers of pedicle involvement (Group 1: one pedicle was involved, n = 23; Group 2: two pedicles were involved, n = 22)...
July 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Hesham Mostafa Zakaria, Azam Basheer, David Boyce-Fappiano, Erinma Elibe, Lonni Schultz, Ian Lee, Farzan Siddiqui, Brent Griffith, Victor Chang
OBJECTIVE Predicting the survival rate for patients with cancer is currently performed using the TNM Classification of Malignant Tumors (TNM). Identifying accurate prognostic markers of survival would allow better treatment stratification between more aggressive treatment strategies or palliation. This is especially relevant for patients with spinal metastases, who all have identical TNM staging and whose surgical decision-making is potentially complex. Analytical morphometrics quantifies patient frailty by measuring lean muscle mass and can predict risk for postoperative morbidity after lumbar spine surgery...
August 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
A V Solenkova, A Yu Lubnin, A A Imaev, N A Konovalov, T P Tissen, D S Asyutin, N A Dzyubanova, V A Korolishin, M A Martynova
The paper discusses the problem ofpredicting, prevention and therapy of massive intraoperative blood loss in patients with metastasis in spine and spinal cord. We analyze 60 surgical cases in last 14 years in our clinic. Amount of blood loss was more that 80% of total blood volume in each case (from 2.5 to 17 liters). Preoperative selective angiography data on intensity of tumor blood supply were essential for blood loss prediction. Simultaneous embolization oftumor during angiography dramatically reduced intraoperative blood loss...
March 2016: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: Metastases of malignant neoplasms to the cervical spine are relatively rare. The most common symptom of metastatic disease is pain. Symptoms associated with roots damage or spinal cord compression indicate locally advanced disease. In a large number of patients, surgical treatment brings benefits such as pain reduction and improvement of the quality of life. Pain intensity, neurological status, and quality of patients' lives are measured with the VAS, Frankel, and Karnofsky scales...
July 26, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Justin A Reddington, Gustavo A Mendez, Alex Ching, Charlotte Dai Kubicky, Paul Klimo, Brian T Ragel
BACKGROUND: Surgeons treating metastatic spine disease can use computed tomography (CT) imaging to determine whether lesions are osteolytic, osteoblastic, or mixed. This enables treatment that considers the structural integrity of the vertebral body (VB), which is impaired with lytic lesions but not blastic lesions. The authors analyzed CT imaging characteristics of spine metastasis from breast, lung, prostate, and renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) to determine the metastasis patterns of each of these common tumors...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Nikolaos Sampanis, Eleni Gavriilaki, Eleni Paschou, Asterios Kalaitzoglou, Sotirios Vasileiou
Parathyroid carcinoma represents an extremely rare neoplasm with diverse clinical manifestations. Herein we aimed at presenting an unique case of a young patient with late manifestations of parathyroid cancer and reviewing the relevant literature. A 45-year-old male patient presented in the Outpatient Clinic with an episode of nephrolithiasis. His personal medical history includes: recurrent episodes of nephrolithiasis, laminectomy in the cervical spine due to ossification of the cervical ligamentum flavum and surgical resection of a giant cell tumor of the brain...
January 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
Daniel J Indelicato, Ronny L Rotondo, Dustin Begosh-Mayne, Mark T Scarborough, C Parker Gibbs, Christopher G Morris, William M Mendenhall
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of definitive or adjuvant external beam proton therapy on survival in patients with chordomas and chondrosarcomas of the spine. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between March 2007 and May 2013, 51 patients with a median age of 58 years (range, 22-83 years) with chordoma (n=34) or chondrosarcomas (n=17) of the sacrum (n=21), the cervical spine (n=20), and the thoracolumbar spine (n=10) were treated with external beam proton therapy to a median dose of 70...
May 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
C Rory Goodwin, Andrew J Schoenfeld, Nancy A Abu-Bonsrah, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Eric W Sankey, Mitchel B Harris, Daniel M Sciubba
BACKGROUND: Predicting survival after surgery for patients with metastatic spine disease can be challenging, with multiple variables that can influence a patient's overall survival. Predictive models have been developed to assist clinicians in providing a prognosis for patients. Recently, Ghori et al. reported a composite model taking into account a modified Bauer score, preoperative albumin, and ambulatory status of patients with spinal metastasis. Using an independent cohort, we sought to assess the reliability and validity of this composite model to predict 1-year survival in patients diagnosed with metastatic cancer to the spine...
September 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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