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# mott

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#1
A search for charged Higgs bosons produced via vector boson fusion and decaying into W and Z bosons using proton-proton collisions at sqrt[s]=13  TeV is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 15.2  fb^{-1} collected with the CMS detector in 2015 and 2016. The event selection requires three leptons (electrons or muons), two jets with large pseudorapidity separation and high dijet mass, and missing transverse momentum. The observation agrees with the standard model prediction...
October 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
#2
Alex Mott, Joshua Job, Jean-Roch Vlimant, Daniel Lidar, Maria Spiropulu
The discovery of Higgs-boson decays in a background of standard-model processes was assisted by machine learning methods. The classifiers used to separate signals such as these from background are trained using highly unerring but not completely perfect simulations of the physical processes involved, often resulting in incorrect labelling of background processes or signals (label noise) and systematic errors. Here we use quantum and classical annealing (probabilistic techniques for approximating the global maximum or minimum of a given function) to solve a Higgs-signal-versus-background machine learning optimization problem, mapped to a problem of finding the ground state of a corresponding Ising spin model...
October 18, 2017: Nature
#3
Mohit Kumar, Malkeshkumar Patel, Hong-Sik Kim, Joondong Kim, Junsin Yi
In this work, we demonstrate the effectiveness of Ag nanowires (AgNWs) to design a high-speed broadband photodetector. A simple AgNW solution was spin-coated on a Si substrate to form a Schottky junction. The junction properties were investigated using current-voltage characteristics and Mott-Schottky analysis. The present device had a remarkably fast response speed, e.g., rising time (τr = 784 ns) and fall time (τf = 92 μs), with good reproducibility over a wide range of switching frequencies (50 Hz - 50 kHz)...
October 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
#4
Kishor Chandra Kharkwal, Ashim Kumar Pramanik
The 3$d$-5$d$ based double perovskites are of current interest as they provide model system to study the interplay between electronic correlation ($U$) and spin-orbit coupling (SOC). Here we report detailed structural, magnetic and transport properties of doped double perovskite material (Sr$_{1-x}$Y$_x$)$_2$FeIrO$_6$ with $x$ $\leq$ 0.2. With substitution of Y, system retains its original crystal structure but structural parameters modify with $x$ in nonmonotonic fashion. The magnetization data for Sr$_2$FeIrO$_6$ show antiferromagnetic type magnetic transition around 45 K, however, a close inspection in data indicates a weak magnetic phase transition around 120 K...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
#5
Erin M Adkins, J Houston Miller
Trends linking the topological characteristics of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) to their electronic properties are reported. TD-DFT electronic spectra computations, using the 6-31G* basis set and B3LYP exchange correlation functional, were calculated for a series of PAH, allowing for the HOMO-LUMO gaps to be reported. Clar structures provide an avenue to link the physical structure and the aromaticity of the molecule; which, when extended by bond length and harmonic oscillator model of aromaticity analysis, provide powerful tools to understand the link between electronic and physical structure...
October 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
#6
L De Pietro, G Bertolini, Q Peter, H Cabrera, A Vindigni, O Gürlü, D Pescia, U Ramsperger
The current flowing through a Mott spin junction depends on the relative spin orientation of the two ferromagnetic layers comprising the "source" and "drain" sides of the junction. The resulting current asymmetry is detected as giant or tunnelling magnetoresistance depending on whether the two ferromagnets are separated by a metal or an insulator. Based on the fundamental principles of reciprocity for spin-dependent electron scattering, one can envisage a one-magnet-only spin junction in which the source is non-magnetic, and the spin information is encoded by the spin polarisation of the electrons that have crossed or are backscattered from the drain magnetic layer...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
#7
Alejandro Ruiz, Alex Frano, Nicholas P Breznay, Itamar Kimchi, Toni Helm, Iain Oswald, Julia Y Chan, R J Birgeneau, Zahirul Islam, James G Analytis
Magnetic honeycomb iridates are thought to show strongly spin-anisotropic exchange interactions which, when highly frustrated, lead to an exotic state of matter known as the Kitaev quantum spin liquid. However, in all known examples these materials magnetically order at finite temperatures, the scale of which may imply weak frustration. Here we show that the application of a relatively small magnetic field drives the three-dimensional magnet β-Li2IrO3 from its incommensurate ground state into a quantum correlated paramagnet...
October 16, 2017: Nature Communications
#8
Lærke Urbak, Louise de la Motte, Peter Rørdam, Aamir Siddiqi, Henrik Sillesen
Objective: To evaluate the influence of pre-procedural characteristics on immediate and late results as well as the safety of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) in acute ischemia of the lower extremity. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study comprising 249 patients treated by CDT from January 2006 to December 2012. Outcomes were primary patency, haemorrhagic complications, amputation and mortality. Results: Primary patency for CDT alone was 68%, for CDT plus endovascular treatment 87% and for successful CDT with supplementary surgery 62% giving an overall primary patency of 76%...
June 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
#9
Claire Briet, Arrate Pereda, Catherine Le Stunff, Emmanuelle Motte, Juan de Dios Garcia-Diaz, Guiomar Perez de Nanclares, Nicolas Dumaz, Caroline Silve
Type 2 acrodysostosis (ACRDYS2), a rare developmental skeletal dysplasia characterized by short stature, severe brachydactyly and facial dysostosis, is caused by mutations in the phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4D (PDE4D) gene. Several arguments suggest that the mutations should result in inappropriately increased PDE4D activity, however, no direct evidence supporting this hypothesis has been presented, and the functional consequences of the mutations remain unclear. We evaluated the impact of four different PDE4D mutations causing ACRDYS2 located in different functional domains on the activity of PDE4D3 expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells...
October 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
#10
Mawin Martinez Martínez, Rafael Furlan de Oliveira, Tiago Pedroso de Almeida, Rafael Cintra Hensel, Carlos César Bof Bufon, Varlei Rodrigues, Marcelo A Pereira-da-Silva, Ângelo L Gobbi, Maria Helena O Piazzetta, Antonio Riul
Graphene is a breakthrough 2D material due to its unique mechanical, electrical, and thermal properties, with considerable responsiveness in real applications. However, the coverage of large areas with pristine graphene is a challenge and graphene derivatives have been alternatively exploited to produce hybrid and composite materials that allow for new developments, considering also the handling of large areas using distinct methodologies. For electronic applications it is highly keen the investigation of electrical properties of graphene derivatives and related composites to determine whether the characteristic 2D charge transport of pristine graphene is preserved...
October 6, 2017: Nanotechnology
#11
Sukanya B Patil, N S Sankeshwar, B G Mulimani
A theoretical study of the electronic properties, namely, electrical conductivity (EC), electronic thermal conductivity (ETC) and thermoelectric power (TEP) in 2D MoS<sub>2</sub> monolayers (MLs), over a wide range of temperatures (10<T<300 K), is presented employing Boltzmann transport formalism. Considering the electrons to be scattered by screened charged impurities and the acoustic, optical and remote phonons, the transport equation is solved using Ritz iterative method. Numerical calculations of EC, ETC and TEP presented for supported and free-standing MLs with high electron concentrations, as a function of temperature, bring out the relative importance of the various scattering mechanisms operative...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
#12
S Sultana, S Mansingh, M Scurrell, K M Parida
With the advancement of promising multifaceted powdered photocatalytic systems, problems related to environmental pollution and energy requirements have been addressed to a significant extent. The major reason for this great achievement lies in the combined effect of both structure modification and integration of different functional materials. Here, we report a ternary hybrid containing wide band gap CeO2 nanosheets with CdSQDs and Au nanoparticles, incorporated between this type II heterostructure through simple chemical reduction methods...
October 5, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
#13
Min Yong Jeong, Seo Hyoung Chang, Beom Hyun Kim, Jae-Hoon Sim, Ayman Said, Diego Casa, Thomas Gog, Etienne Janod, Laurent Cario, Seiji Yunoki, Myung Joon Han, Jungho Kim
Strong spin-orbit coupling lifts the degeneracy of t 2g orbitals in 5d transition-metal systems, leaving a Kramers doublet and quartet with effective angular momentum of J eff = 1/2 and 3/2, respectively. These spin-orbit entangled states can host exotic quantum phases such as topological Mott state, unconventional superconductivity, and quantum spin liquid. The lacunar spinel GaTa4Se8 was theoretically predicted to form the molecular J eff = 3/2 ground state. Experimental verification of its existence is an important first step to exploring the consequences of the J eff = 3/2 state...
October 4, 2017: Nature Communications
#14
Yeojung Kim, Gail A West, Greeshma Ray, Sean P Kessler, Aaron C Petrey, Claudio Fiocchi, Christine McDonald, Michelle S Longworth, Laura E Nagy, Carol A de la Motte
Tight junction proteins are critical in maintaining homeostatic intestinal permeability. Multiple intestinal inflammatory diseases are correlated with reduced expression of tight junction proteins. We have recently reported that oral treatment of mice with Hyaluronan 35kDa (HA35) increases colonic expression of tight junction protein zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1). Here, we investigate whether HA35 treatment enhances ZO-1 expression by direct interaction with intestinal epithelium in vitro and have identified the HA receptor responsible for HA35-mediated ZO-1 induction in colonic epithelium in vitro and in vivo...
October 1, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
#15
Tomokatsu Kushida, Shusuke Shirai, Naoki Ando, Toshihiro Okamoto, Hiroyuki Ishii, Hiroyuki Matsui, Masakazu Yamagishi, Takafumi Uemura, Junto Tsurumi, Shun Watanabe, Jun Takeya, Shigehiro Yamaguchi
Organic neutral π-monoradicals are promising semiconductors with balanced ambipolar carrier-transport abilities, which arise from virtually identical spatial distribution of their singly occupied and unoccupied molecular orbitals, SOMO(α) and SOMO(β), respectively. Herein, we disclose a boron-stabilized triphenylmethyl radical that shows outstanding thermal stability and resistance toward atmospheric conditions due to the substantial spin delocalization. The radical is used to fabricate organic Mott-insulator transistors that operate at room temperature, wherein the radical exhibits well-balanced ambipolar carrier transport properties...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
#16
Hiroshi Oike, Yuji Suzuki, Hiromi Taniguchi, Yasuhide Seki, Kazuya Miyagawa, Kazushi Kanoda
Quantum spin liquids are exotic Mott insulators that carry extraordinary spin excitations. Therefore, when doped, they are expected to afford metallic states with unconventional magnetic excitations. Here, we report experimental results which are suggestive of a doped spin liquid with anomalous metallicity in a triangular-lattice organic conductor. The spin susceptibility is nearly perfectly scaled to that of a non-doped spin liquid insulator in spite of the metallic state. Furthermore, the charge transport that is confined in the layer at high temperatures becomes sharply deconfined on cooling, coinciding with the rapid growth of spin correlations or coherence as signified by a steep decrease in spin susceptibility...
October 2, 2017: Nature Communications
#17
Mara Cavallin, Maria A Rujano, Nathalie Bednarek, Daniel Medina-Cano, Antoinette Bernabe Gelot, Severine Drunat, Camille Maillard, Meriem Garfa-Traore, Christine Bole, Patrick Nitschké, Claire Beneteau, Thomas Besnard, Benjamin Cogné, Marion Eveillard, Alice Kuster, Karine Poirier, Alain Verloes, Jelena Martinovic, Laurent Bidat, Marlene Rio, Stanislas Lyonnet, M Louise Reilly, Nathalie Boddaert, Melanie Jenneson-Liver, Jacques Motte, Martine Doco-Fenzy, Jamel Chelly, Tania Attie-Bitach, Matias Simons, Vincent Cantagrel, Sandrine Passemard, Alexandre Baffet, Sophie Thomas, Nadia Bahi-Buisson
Microlissencephaly is a rare brain malformation characterized by congenital microcephaly and lissencephaly. Microlissencephaly is suspected to result from abnormalities in the proliferation or survival of neural progenitors. Despite the recent identification of six genes involved in microlissencephaly, the pathophysiological basis of this condition remains poorly understood. We performed trio-based whole exome sequencing in seven subjects from five non-consanguineous families who presented with either microcephaly or microlissencephaly...
October 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
#18
The production of jets in association with Z bosons, reconstructed via the μ^{+}μ^{-} and e^{+}e^{-} decay channels, is studied in pp and, for the first time, in Pb-Pb collisions. Both data samples were collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The Pb-Pb collisions were analyzed in the 0%-30% centrality range. The back-to-back azimuthal alignment was studied in both pp and Pb-Pb collisions for Z bosons with transverse momentum p_{T}^{Z}>60  GeV/c and a recoiling jet with p_{T}^{jet}>30  GeV/c...
August 25, 2017: Physical Review Letters
#19
R O Umucalılar, M Iskin
The competition between the length scales associated with the periodicity of a lattice potential and the cyclotron radius of a uniform magnetic field is known to have dramatic effects on the single-particle properties of a quantum particle, e.g., the fractal spectrum is known as the Hofstadter butterfly. Having this intricate competition in mind, we consider a two-component Fermi gas on a square optical lattice with opposite synthetic magnetic fields for the components, and study its effects on the many-body BCS-pairing phenomenon...
August 25, 2017: Physical Review Letters
#20
B J Powell, E P Kenny, J Merino
We show that the anisotropy of the effective spin model for the dimer Mott insulator phase of κ-(BEDT-TTF)_{2}X salts is dramatically different from that of the underlying tight-binding model. Intradimer quantum interference results in a model of coupled spin chains, where frustrated interchain interactions suppress long-range magnetic order. Thus, we argue, the "spin liquid" phase observed in some of these materials is a remnant of the Tomonaga-Luttinger physics of a single chain. This is consistent with previous experiments and resolves some outstanding puzzles...
August 25, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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