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Lulu Wang, Yongchun Zhao, Junying Zhang
Photocatalytic oxidation is an attractive method for Hg-rich flue gas treatment. In the present study, a novel cerium-based TiO2 nanofibers was prepared and selected as the catalyst to remove mercury in flue gas. Accordingly, physical/chemical properties of those nanofibers were clarified. The effects of some important parameters, such as calcination temperature, cerium dopant content and different illumination conditions on the removal of Hg(0) using the photocatalysis process were investigated. In addition, the removal mechanism of Hg(0) over cerium-based TiO2 nanofibers focused on UV irradiation was proposed...
July 12, 2017: Chemosphere
Shaodong Sun, Shuhua Liang
Mesoporous micro-/nanostructures acting as supports for catalysts or used directly in catalysis reactions generally show fascinating performances that could lead to great potential for application. In the past few decades, extensive efforts have been devoted to the exploration and enrichment of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) based research. Especially, mesoporous g-C3N4 (mpg-C3N4) with controllable porosity and electronic/atomic structure can bring to bear unique physicochemical properties and has been widely applied in the fields of photocatalysis, adsorbents, sensors and chemical templates...
July 20, 2017: Nanoscale
Tingting Xu, Xudong Hou, Yang Wang, Jun Zhang, Junxiang Zhang, Bo Liu
We present a gigantic polyoxozirconate nanocluster (Zr18O21(μ2-OH)2(OOCPh)28), involving 6, 7 and 8-coordinated Zr atoms. It exhibits visible light driven photocatalytic activity for H2 evolution. The current results could represent a prelude of polyoxozirconate-based photocatalysis.
July 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Biswajit Choudhury, Pravat Kumar Giri, Rajender Gone
This work spotlights the development of a plasmonic photocatalyst showing surface plasmon induced enhanced visible light photocatalytic performance. Plasmonic Au nanoparticles (NPs) are decorated over the hybrid nanosystem of graphitic carbon nitride (GCN) and graphene quantum dots (GQD) by citrate reduction method. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) induced enhancement of Raman G and 2D band intensity is encountered on excitation of the Plasmonic hybrid at 514.5 nm, which is near to the 532 nm absorption band of Au nanoparticles...
July 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
Paul A DeSario, Jeremy J Pietron, Adam Dunkelberger, Todd H Brintlinger, Olga Baturina, Rhonda M Stroud, Jeffrey C Owrutsky, Debra R Rolison
We use plasmonic Au-TiO2 aerogels as a platform in which to marry synthetically thickened particle-particle junctions in TiO2 aerogel networks and Au||TiO2 interfaces and then investigate their cooperative influence on photocatalytic hydrogen (H2) generation under both broadband (i.e., UV + visible light) and visible-only excitation. In doing so, we elucidate the dual functions that incorporated Au can play as a water reduction/H2 generation co-catalyst and as a plasmonic sensitizer. We also introduce non-plasmonic Pt co-catalyst nanoparticles into our composite aerogels in order to leverage the catalytic water-reducing abilities of Pt...
July 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Subramaniyan Ramasundaram, Mingizem Gashaw Seid, Wonseop Lee, Chan Ul Kim, Eun-Ju Kim, Seok Won Hong, Kyoung Jin Choi
Photocatalytically active TiO2-patterned polyimide (PI) films (PI-TiO2) were fabricated using thermal transfer patterning (TTP). When subjected to hot pressing, the TiO2 nanoparticles electrosprayed on steel mesh templates were successfully transferred and formed checker plate patterns on PI film. FE-SEM studies confirmed that pressing at 350°C and 100MPa was optimum for obtaining patterns with uniform TiO2 coverage. When the quantity of TiO2 on the template increased, the amount of it immobilized on PI film also increased from 0...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Eva De Lucas-Gil, Julián Jiménez Reinosa, Kerstin Neuhaus, Liliana Vera, Marisol S Martin-Gonzalez, Jose F Fernandez, Fernando Rubio-Marcos
The increasing threat of multidrug-resistance organisms is a cause for worldwide concern. Progressively microorganisms become resistant to commonly used antibiotics, which are a healthcare challenge. Thus, the discovery of new antimicrobial agents or new mechanisms different from those used is necessary. Here, we report an effective and selective antimicrobial activity of microstructured ZnO (Ms-ZnO) agent through the design of a novel star-shaped morphology, resulting in modulation of surface charge orientation...
July 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hanyu Zhang, Zhaowei Wang, Ruining Li, Jialei Guo, Yan Li, Junmin Zhu, Xiaoyun Xie
Heterogeneous photocatalysis namely titanium dioxide supported on reed straw biochar (acid pre-treated) (TiO2/pBC) was synthesized by sol-gel method. The morphology, surface area and structure of TiO2/pBC were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Low calcination condition maintained the structure of biochar completely and prevented the agglomeration of TiO2 particles. Due to the combination of adsorption and photocatalysis, TiO2/pBC performed higher removal efficiency of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) than pure TiO2 powder under UV light irradiation...
July 7, 2017: Chemosphere
Laura E Abramiuc, Liviu C Tănase, Alexei Barinov, Nicoleta G Apostol, Cristina Chirilă, Lucian Trupină, Lucian Pintilie, Cristian M Teodorescu
The stability of thin films of lead zirco-titanate (PZT) under intense soft X-ray beams is investigated by time-resolved photoelectron spectromicroscopy with a lateral resolution below 1 micrometer. Surface dissociation is observed when samples are irradiated with intense (5 × 10(23) photons per s per m(2)) soft X-rays, with promotion of reduced lead on the surface. On areas exhibiting outwards polarization (P((+))), the reduced lead is formed at the expense of P((+))-PZT. On areas presenting co-existing P((+)) states with areas without out-of-plane polarization (P((0))), the reduced lead is formed at the expense of the P((0))-PZT component, while the P((+))-PZT remains constant...
July 12, 2017: Nanoscale
Sourav Das, Neha Ranjana, Ananyo Jyoti Misra, Mrutyunjay Suar, Amrita Mishra, Ashok J Tamhankar, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Suraj K Tripathy
Water borne pathogens present a threat to human health and their disinfection from water poses a challenge, prompting the search for newer methods and newer materials. Disinfection of the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and the Gram-positive coccal bacterium Staphylococcus aureus in an aqueous matrix was achieved within 60 and 90 min, respectively, at 35 °C using solar-photocatalysis mediated by sonochemically synthesized Ag@ZnO core-shell nanoparticles. The efficiency of the process increased with the increase in temperature and at 55 °C the disinfection for the two bacteria could be achieved in 45 and 60 min, respectively...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Rodolfo Zanella, Edwin Avella, Rosa María Ramírez Zamora, Felipe Castillón Barraza, Juan C Durán-Álvarez
Mono- (Au, Ag and Cu) and bi-metallic (Au-Ag and Au-Cu) nanoparticles were deposited on TiO2 and tested for the photocatalytic degradation of sulfamethoxazole using either UV-C or simulated sunlight. The optimal loading of metallic nanoparticles was determined as 1.5 wt. % for Au and Ag, and 1.0 wt. % for Cu. In the case of bi-metallic nanoparticles only the ratio 1:0.5 wt. % for both Au-Ag and Au-Cu was tested. In experiments using UV-C light, the highest degradation performance was found for Ag/TiO2, while bi-metallic nanoparticles supported on TiO2 also showed increased photocatalytic activity compared with unmodified TiO2...
July 12, 2017: Environmental Technology
N Aaron Deskins, Jincheng Du, Pratap Rao
Crystalline titania has been extensively studied using experimental and theoretical tools. Amorphous titania, however, has received less attention in the literature, despite its importance for a number of applications, such as photocatalysis, batteries, and electronic devices. In this work we modeled amorphous titania using a combination of molecular dynamics and density functional theory with several stoichiometries (TiOx, 2 ≥ x ≥ 1.75). Our results show that oxygen atom removal from amorphous titania is much easier than from crystalline titania, indicating that reduced amorphous structures are likely common...
July 11, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Kelvin H L Zhang, Rui Wu, Fengzai Tang, Weiwei Li, Freddy Oropeza, Liang Qiao, Vlado Lazarov, Yingge Du, David J Payne, Judith L MacManus-Driscoll, Mark Blamire
Understanding the energetics at the interface including the alignment of valence and conduction bands, built-in potentials, and ionic and electronic reconstructions, is an important challenge in designing oxide interfaces that have controllable multi-functionalities for novel (opto-)electronic devices. In this work, we report detailed investigations on the hetero-interface of wide bandgap p-type NiO and n-type SrTiO3 (STO). We show that despite a large lattice mismatch (~7%) and dissimilar crystal structure, high-quality NiO and Li doped NiO (LNO) thin films can be epitaxially grown on STO(001) substrates through a domain matching epitaxy (DME) mechanism...
July 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Catherine S De Castro, Stoichko Dimitrov, Hugh D Burrows, Peter Douglas, Matthew L Davies
To celebrate the centenary of Science Progress we offer a short survey of the progress made over the past one hundred years in the research and application of photoinduced charge transfer. After a brief historical overview and introduction to photoinduced charge transfer, we discuss developments in the theory and practice of photography, photovoltaics, photocatalysis, fluorescent probes and chemosensing.
May 1, 2017: Science Progress
Yunfeng Li, Man Yang, Yan Xing, Xianchun Liu, Yang Yang, Xiao Wang, Shuyan Song
Exfoliation of layered bulk g-C3 N4 (CNB) to thin g-C3 N4 sheets in nanodomains has attracted much attention in photocatalysis because of the intriguing properties of nanoscaled g-C3 N4 . This study shows that carbon-rich g-C3 N4 nanosheets (CNSC) can be easily prepared by self-modification of polymeric melon units through successively thermally treating bulk g-C3 N4 in an air and N2 atmosphere. The prepared CNSC not only retain the outstanding properties of nanosheets, such as large surface area, high aspect ratios, and short charges diffusion distance, but also overcome the drawback of enlarged bandgap caused by the quantum size effect, resulting in an enhanced utilization of visible light and photoinduced electron delocalization ability...
July 10, 2017: Small
Chi Chip Le, Michael K Wismer, Zhi-Cai Shi, Rui Zhang, Donald V Conway, Guoqing Li, Petr Vachal, Ian W Davies, David W C MacMillan
Photocatalysis for organic synthesis has experienced an exponential growth in the past 10 years. However, the variety of experimental procedures that have been reported to perform photon-based catalyst excitation has hampered the establishment of general protocols to convert visible light into chemical energy. To address this issue, we have designed an integrated photoreactor for enhanced photon capture and catalyst excitation. Moreover, the evaluation of this new reactor in eight photocatalytic transformations that are widely employed in medicinal chemistry settings has confirmed significant performance advantages of this optimized design while enabling a standardized protocol...
June 28, 2017: ACS Central Science
Jin Zhang, Yibing Cai, Xuebin Hou, Xiaofei Song, Pengfei Lv, Huimin Zhou, Qufu Wei
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanofibers have been widely applied in various fields including photocatalysis, energy storage and solar cells due to the advantages of low cost, high abundance and nontoxicity. However, the low conductivity of ions and bulk electrons hinder its rapid development in lithium-ion batteries (LIB). In order to improve the electrochemical performances of TiO2 nanomaterials as anode for LIB, hierarchically porous TiO2 nanofibers with different tetrabutyl titanate (TBT)/paraffin oil ratios were prepared as anode for LIB via a versatile single-nozzle microemulsion electrospinning (ME-ES) method followed by calcining...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Martynas Tichonovas, Edvinas Krugly, Arturas Grybauskas, Dalia Jankūnaitė, Viktoras Račys, Dainius Martuzevičius
The paper presents a study on the treatment of the furniture industry wastewater in a bench scale advanced oxidation reactor. The researched technology utilized a simultaneous application of ozone, ultraviolet radiation, and surface-immobilized TiO2 nanoparticle catalyst. Various combinations of processes were tested, including photolysis, photocatalysis, ozonation, catalytic ozonation, photolytic ozonation and photocatalytic ozonation was tested against the efficiency of degradation. The efficiency of the processes was primarily characterized by the TOC analysis, indicating the remaining organic material in the wastewater after the treatment, while the toxicity changes in wastewater were researched by Daphnia Magna toxicity tests...
July 7, 2017: Environmental Technology
Samrat Devaramani, Mahgoub Ibrahim Shinger, Xiaofang Ma, Meng Yao, Shouting Zhang, Dongdong Qin, Xiaoquan Lu
J- and H-aggregates of zinc tetraphenylporphyrin (ZnTPP) on carbon nanotube films (CNTFs) were prepared using the mixed solvent method. This resulted in completely different structures, such as the four-leaf clover and flower, on the CNTF, which were observed by recording SEM images. Characteristic changes in the electronic spectra of the ZnTPP monomer appeared when it underwent J- and H-aggregation. The measured photocurrent significantly varied for the same molecule when it was aggregated in two different ways on ITO and ITO/CNTF...
July 6, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Priya Arora, Alisha Fermah, Jaspreet Kaur Rajput, Harminder Singh, Jigyasa Badhan
In this work, Cu-loaded Fe3O4@TiO2 core shell nanoparticles were prepared in a single pot by coating of TiO2 on Fe3O4 nanoparticles followed by Cu loading. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Brunauer-Emmett- Teller (BET), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and valence band X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (VB XPS) techniques were used for characterization of as prepared nanoparticles...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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