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Heather O'Neal Tugaoen, Sergi Garcia-Segura, Kiril Hristovski, Paul Westerhoff
Management of ubiquitous nitrate contamination in drinking water sources is a major engineering challenge due to its negative impacts from eutrophication to immediate risk to human health. Several water treatment technologies exist to manage nitrate pollution in water sources. However, the most widely used technologies are phase separation treatments. In this context, nanoscale photocatalysis emerges as a highly promising transformative technology capable of reducing nitrate to innocuous nitrogen with noticeable selectivity...
May 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Attarad Ali, Ihsan Ul Haq, Javeed Akhtar, Muhammad Sher, Naveed Ahmed, Muhammad Zia
Cellulose is the natural biopolymer normally used as supporting agent with enhanced applicability and properties. In present study, cellulose isolated from citrus waste is used for silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) impregnation by a simple and reproducible method. The Ag-NPs fabricated cellulose (Ag-Cel) was characterised by powder X-rays diffraction, Fortier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The thermal stability was studied by thermo-gravimetric analysis. The antibacterial activity performed by disc diffusion assay reveals good zone of inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli by Ag-Cel as compared Ag-NPs...
June 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
Ying Peng Xie, Yongqiang Yang, Guosheng Wang, Gang Liu
The solid-state Z-scheme trinary/binary heterostructures show the advantage of utilizing the high-energy photogenerated charge carriers in photocatalysis. However, the key factors controlling such Z-scheme in the binary heterostructures are still unclear. In this paper, we showed that oxygen vacancies could act as an interface electron transfer mediator to promote the direct Z-scheme charge transfer process in binary semiconductor heterostructures of CdS/ZnS. Increasing the concentration of surface oxygen vacancies of ZnO crystal can greatly enhance photocatalytic hydrogen generation of CdS/ZnO heterostructure...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Sarina Sarina, Esa A Jaatinen, Qi Xiao, Yiming Huang, Phillip Christopher, Jincai Zhao, Huaiyong Zhu
By investigating the action spectra - relationship between irradiation wavelength and apparent quantum efficiency of reactions under constant irradiance - of a number of reactions catalyzed by nanoparticles including plasmonic metals, non-plasmonic metals and their alloys at near ambient temperatures, we found that a photon energy threshold exists in each photocatalytic reaction: only photons with sufficient energy (e.g. higher than the energy level of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals) can initiate the reactions...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Tahir Rasheed, Muhammad Bilal, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah, Hongbo Hu, Xuehong Zhang, Yongfeng Zhou
The present study was designed to evaluate the photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B (Rh-B) in a self-assembled TiO2 assisted system under UV light irradiation. Chemical oxygen demand (COD), total organic carbon (TOC), and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses confirmed the elevated Rh-B degradation level. A stepwise meticulous breakdown pathway based on the ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) is proposed. Results demonstrated that the degradation of Rh-B mainly occurred via N-de-ethylation process, and N-de-ethylated intermediate products were further oxidized into acids and alcohols...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Technology
Sharmini Sunasee, Kien Tiek Wong, Gooyong Lee, Saravanan Pichiah, Shaliza Ibrahim, Chulhwan Park, Nam Chan Kim, Yeomin Yoon, Min Jang
In this study, bisphenol A (BPA) removal by sonophotocatalysis coupled with commercially available titanium dioxide (TiO2, P25) was assessed in batch tests using energy-based advanced oxidation combining ultrasound (US) and ultraviolet (UV). The kinetics of BPA removal were systematically evaluated by changing operational parameters, such as US frequency and power, mechanical stirring speed, and temperature, but also comparison of single and coupled systems under the optimum US conditions (35 kHz, 50 W, 300 rpm stirring speed, and 20 °C)...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Adela Jing Li, Ziye Sang, Chi-Hang Chow, Japhet Cheuk-Fung Law, Ying Guo, K S-Y Leung
Ethyl-4-aminobenzoate (Et-PABA) is currently used as a substitute for 4-aminobenzoate (PABA) in sunscreens and anesthetic ointments. Despite its widespread use and hydrophilicity, Et-PABA has never been found in environmental waters. This study, probed the occurrence of Et-PABA in both seawater and drinking water sources in Hong Kong, and evaluated its transformation products (TPs) and environmental fate via cumulative potency and photocatalytic profile analyses. Another 11 UV filters used in skin-care products were also studied...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Tetsu Tatsuma, Hiroyasu Nishi, Takuya Ishida
Recent development of nanoplasmonics has stimulated chemists to utilize plasmonic nanomaterials for efficient and distinctive photochemical applications, and physicists to boldly go inside the "wet" chemistry world. The discovery of plasmon-induced charge separation (PICS) has even accelerated these trends. On the other hand, some confusion is found in discussions about PICS. In this perspective, we focus on differences between PICS and some other phenomena such as co-catalysis effect and plasmonic nanoantenna effect...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Wei Wang, Caleb F Anderson, Zongyuan Wang, Wei Wu, Honggang Cui, Chang-Jun Liu
Noble metal catalysts have been widely used in many applications because of their high activity and selectivity. However, a controllable preparation of noble metal catalysts still remains as a significant challenge. To overcome this challenge, peptide templates can play a critical role in the controllable syntheses of catalysts owing to their flexible binding with specific metallic surfaces and self-assembly characteristics. By employing peptide templates, the size, shape, facet, structure, and composition of obtained catalysts can all be specifically controlled under the mild synthesis conditions...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Xiaoyu Deng, Zhaohui Li, Hermenegildo García
Aimed to developing renewable energy based processes, researchers are paying increasing interest to light induced organic transformations. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), a class of micro-mesoporous hybrid materials, are recently emerging as a new type of photoactive materials for organic syntheses due to their unique structural characteristics. In this review, we summarized the recent applications of MOFs as photocatalysts for light induced organic transformations, including (1) oxidation of alcohols, amines, alkene, alkanes and sulfides; (2) hydroxylation of aromatic compounds like benzene; (3) activation of the C-H bonds to construct new C-C or C-X bonds; (4) atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP)...
May 14, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Cheng Wang, Mojca Bavcon Kralj, Berta Košmrlj, Jun Yao, Suzana Košenina, Olga V Polyakova, Viatcheslav B Artaev, Albert T Lebedev, Polonca Trebše
Stability studies of two avobenzone transformation products: chloro-avobenzone [2-chloro-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-propanedione] and dichloro-avobenzone [2,2-dichloro-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-propanedione] have been performed at different pHs values as well as under UV A light and compared with the stability of avobenzone, one of the mostly used UV A filter present in sunscreens. We have additionally investigated the possibility of application of TiO2 photocatalysis as a method for the removal of them...
May 6, 2017: Chemosphere
Maricris T Laciste, Mark Daniel G de Luna, Nolan C Tolosa, Ming-Chun Lu
This study developed a modified titanium dioxide photocatalyst doped with multi-element synthesized via sol-gel process to productize a novel photocatalyst. The study includes degradation of gaseous formaldehyde under visible light using the synthesized novel titanium dioxide photocatalyst. Varying molar ratios from 0 to 2 percent (%mole in titanium dioxide) of ammonium fluoride, silver nitrate and sodium tungstate as dopant precursors for nitrogen, fluorine, silver and tungsten were used. Photodegradation of gaseous formaldehyde was examined on glass tubular reactors illuminated with blue light emitting diodes (LEDs) using immobilized photocatalyst...
May 5, 2017: Chemosphere
Raphael Janssens, Mrinal Kanti Mandal, Kashyap Kumar Dubey, Patricia Luis
The potential of photocatalytic membrane reactors (PMR) to degrade cytostatic drugs is presented in this work as an emerging technology for wastewater treatment. Cytostatic drugs are pharmaceutical compounds (PhCs) commonly used in cancer treatment. Such compounds and their metabolites, as well as their degraded by-products have genotoxic and mutagenic effects. A major challenge of cytostatic removal stands in the fact that most drugs are delivered to ambulant patients leading to diluted concentration in the municipal waste...
May 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Martín M Dávila-Jiménez, María P Elizalde-González, Esmeralda García-Díaz, Miguel González, M E Mendoza, M J Robles-Águila
Carbofuran is a toxic carbamate pesticide, and its use has increased in recent years. While marketing information indicates stability in different chemical media, carbofuran exhibits relative photolability. The aim of this research was to decompose carbofuran and to identify the photoproducts achieved when two different doped titania photocatalysts were employed under UV irradiation. The iron-doped TiO2 materials were obtained (a) via a hydrothermal method and (b) by an ultrasound-assisted sol-gel method. The precursors were TiOSO4⋅xH2O and Fe3(NO3)·9H2O...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
Chen Wang, Xing-Guo Nie, Yi Shi, Yue Zhou, Jing-Juan Xu, Xing-Hua Xia, Hong-Yuan Chen
Direct photocatalysis making use of plasmonic metals has attracted significant attention due to the unique light harnessing capabilities of these materials associated with localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) features. Thus far, most reported work has been limited to plasmon-induced chemical transformations. Herein, we demonstrate that electrochemical reactions can also be accelerated by plasmonic nanoparticles upon LSPR excitation. Using glucose electrocatalysis as a model reaction system, the direct plasmon-accelerated electrochemical reaction (PAER) on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is observed...
May 11, 2017: ACS Nano
Priyadarshi Roy Chowdhury, Krishna G Bhattacharyya
Optically responsive, luminescent Ni/Co/Ti layered double hydroxide (LDH), synthesized by a single step hydrothermal route, exhibits highly efficient photodegradation of cationic and anionic dyes, Rhodamine B (∼99.8%) and Acid Red G (∼99.6%) respectively, better than that of commercial catalysts like NiO, CoO and TiO2. The LDH has been characterized by using XRD, XPS, PL, TRES, EIS, TEM, SEM-EDX, AFM, UV-visible DRS, N2-sorption desorption, ξ-potential, FT-IR and TG techniques. The characterized results indicate that the LDH possesses hexagonal morphology, a high surface area, a narrow band gap, defect states and oxygen vacancies within its layered framework...
May 10, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Kilian Muniz, Markus Reiher, Christopher Stein, Peter Becker, Thomas Duhamel
An unprecedented protocol for the cooperative interplay between molecular iodine and photoredox catalysis under dual light-activation for the intramolecular benzylic C-H amination is presented. Iodine serves as a catalyst for the formation of a new C-N bond by the activation of a remote Csp3-H bond (1,5-HAT process) under visible light irradiation, while the organic photoredox catalyst TPT effectively furnishes the re-oxidation of the molecular iodine catalyst. To explain the compatibility of the two involved photochemical steps, the key N-I bond activation was elucidated by computational methods...
May 10, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Menglei Chang, Huawen Hu, Yuyuan Zhang, Dongchu Chen, Liangpeng Wu, Xinjun Li
This study presents a novel visible light-active TiO₂ nanotube anode film by sensitization with Bi₂O₃ nanoparticles. The uniform incorporation of Bi₂O₃ contributes to largely enhancing the solar light absorption and photoelectric conversion efficiency of TiO₂ nanotubes. Due to the energy level difference between Bi₂O₃ and TiO₂, the built-in electric field is suggested to be formed in the Bi₂O₃ sensitized TiO₂ hybrid, which effectively separates the photo-generated electron-hole pairs and hence improves the photocatalytic activity...
May 9, 2017: Nanomaterials
Xiaodan Wang, Sonia Estradé, Yuanjing Lin, Feng Yu, Lluis Lopez-Conesa, Hao Zhou, Sanjeev Kumar Gurram, Francesca Peiró, Zhiyong Fan, Hao Shen, Lothar Schaefer, Guenter Braeuer, Andreas Waag
Recently, colored H-doped TiO2 (H-TiO2) has demonstrated enhanced photoelectrochemical (PEC) performance due to its unique crystalline core-disordered shell nanostructures and consequent enhanced conduction behaviors between the core-shell homo-interfaces. Although various hydrogenation approaches to obtain H-TiO2 have been developed, such as high temperature hydrogen furnace tube annealing, high pressure hydrogen annealing, hydrogen-plasma assisted reaction, aluminum reduction and electrochemical reduction etc...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Kun Li, Nathaniel J Hogan, Matthew J Kale, Naomi J Halas, Peter Nordlander, Phillip Christopher
Efficient photocatalysis requires multifunctional materials that absorb photons and generate energetic charge carriers at catalytic active sites to facilitate a desired chemical reaction. Antenna-reactor complexes are an emerging multifunctional photocatalytic structure where the strong, localized near field of the plasmonic metal nanoparticle (e.g., Ag) is coupled to the catalytic properties of the nonplasmonic metal nanoparticle (e.g., Pt) to enable chemical transformations. With an eye toward sustainable solar driven photocatalysis, we investigate how the structure of antenna-reactor complexes governs their photocatalytic activity in the light-limited regime, where all photons need to be effectively utilized...
May 10, 2017: Nano Letters
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