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Shayan MiarAlipour, Donia Friedmann, Jason Scott, Rose Amal
This article reviews two interrelated areas of research: the first is the use of TiO2-supported adsorbent materials as enhanced heterogeneous photocatalysts and their application to various reactions for organic pollutant removal from air and water; the second is the combination of adsorbent materials with TiO2 photocatalysts which aims to efficiently regenerate adsorbent materials using illumination. By reviewing both areas of research, the following topics are covered; (i) photocatalytic activation of TiO2; (ii) related properties of photocatalytic TiO2; (iii) shortcomings of photocatalytic processes; (iv) preparation methods of composite TiO2/adsorbent materials and their photocatalytic performance; (v) properties of common adsorbents and their applications for pollutant removal from air and water; (vi) adsorbent regeneration methods and their economic and operational issues; (vii) conclusions and future outlooks...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Bin Wang, Jun Di, Gaopeng Liu, Sheng Yin, Jiexiang Xia, Qi Zhang, Huaming Li
Sustainable mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride (mpg-C3N4) modified PbBiO2Br porous microsphere (mpg-C3N4/PbBiO2Br) had been successfully synthesized via solvothermal process. Multiple techniques were applied to explore the structure, morphology, optical and electronic properties of the as-prepared photocatalysts. It could be found that the mpg-C3N4 was uniformly distributed on the surface of the PbBiO2Br porous microsphere. Compared with the pure PbBiO2Br, the mpg-C3N4/PbBiO2Br exhibited superior photocatalytic activity for the degradation of organic pollutants under visible light irradiation...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Wen Zheng, Hai-Feng Zou, Shao-Wu Lv, Yan-Hong Lin, Min Wang, Fei Yan, Ye Sheng, Yan-Hua Song, Jie Chen, Ke-Yan Zheng
Security issues of nanoparticles on biological toxicity and potential environmental risk have attracted more and more attention with the rapid development and wide applications of nanotechnology. In this work, we explored the effect and probable mechanism of nano-TiO2 on antioxidant activity of copper, zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu, Zn-SOD) under natural light and mixed light at physiological pH. Nano-TiO2 was prepared by sol-hydrothermal method, and then characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Transmission electron micrographs (TEM)...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Xingxin Wang, Dongshu Du, Haibin Dong, Sunfengda Song, Kwangnak Koh, Hongxia Chen
Nanoparticle (NP) structure, compositing and the nature of the NP-functionalized electrode interface have a strong influence upon electrochemical properties that are critical in applications such as sensing, photocatalysis and electrocatalysis. Existing methods to fabricate NP-functionalized electrodes do not allow or precise control over all these variables, especially the NP-electrode interface, making it difficult to understand and predict how structural changes influence electrode activity and consequently limit the application...
August 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Vinod Kumar Gupta, Ali Fakhri, Shilpi Agarwal, Elham Ahmadi, Pedram Afshar Nejad
In the present studies, modified NiO nanoparticles and MnO2/NiO nanocomposites with guanidine were synthesized by anchoring method for carriers of anticancer drug "Caffeic acid phenethyl ester". The prepared nanocomposites were characterized by using Scanning Electron Microscopy, Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Vibrating sample magnetometer. The results from XRD indicated that the crystalline size of NiO nanoparticles and MnO2/NiO nanocomposites are 12 and 15nm, respectively...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Marvin Parasram, Vladimir Gevorgyan
Employment of simple transition metal (TM = Co, Fe, Cu, Pd, Pt, Au)-based photocatalyst (PC) has led to the dramatic acceleration of known TM-catalyzed reactions, as well as to the discovery of unprecedented chemical transformations. Compared to the conventional cooperative/dual photocatalysis (type B), this new class of unconventional PCs operates via a single photoexcitation/catalytic cycle, where the TM complex plays a "double duty" role by harvesting light and catalyzing the chemical transformation. Also, these TM photocatalysts participate in the bond-forming/breaking event in the transformation via a substrate-TM interaction, an aspect that is uncommon for conventional photocatalysis (type A)...
August 11, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
Xitong Chen, Xianhui Bu, Qipu Lin, Chengyu Mao, Quan-Guo Zhai, Yuan Wang, Pingyun Feng
The development of novel photocatalysts usually centers on features such as band structures, various nano-, micro-, or macro-forms, and composites in efforts to tune their light absorption and charge separation efficiency. In comparison, the selectivity of photocatalysts with respect to features of reactants such as size and charge has received much less attention, in part due to the difficulty in designing semiconducting photocatalysts with uniform pore size. Here, we use crystalline porous chalcogenides as a platform to probe reactant selectivity in photocatalytic processes...
August 11, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Boyong Ye, Xiaoxue Han, Mengdie Yan, Huanhuan Zhang, Fengna Xi, Xiaoping Dong, Jiyang Liu
Semiconductor photocatalysis currently suffered three main problems, low solar energy utilization, high photo-generated charge recombination rate and the heavy metal ions release by the photo-corrosion. Herein, we developed a visible-light-driven homojunction photocatalyst with the metal-free two-dimensional (2D) graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets (CNNS). By employing liquid exfoliation and chemical blowing approaches, we obtained two kinds of CNNS materials (le-CNNS and cb-CNNS) with different band structures, and subsequently fabricated the homojunction photocatalyst...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Bálint Náfrádi, Gábor Náfrádi, Carole Martin-Hamka, László Forró, Endre Horváth
Simple, rapid and inexpensive fabrication of self-cleaning glass surfaces based on wet chemical deposition of H2Ti3O7 (trititanate) and subsequent transformation of it into TiO2 (anatase) nanowires on pristine glass surfaces is reported. Despite the low, 55%, surface coverage, the nanowire roughened glass surface showed self-cleaning properties comparable to much thicker over 100 nm thick TiO2 nanoparticle coated glasses. The superwettable surface showed 12(o) contact angle. Moreover, ultraviolet (UV) and natural light activated photocatalysis remained effective enhancing the self-cleaning process in the case of the TiO2 nanowire coated glass...
August 10, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Lijie Bai, Fan Ye, Luna Li, Jingjing Lu, Shuxian Zhong, Song Bai
Integration of plasmonic metal and cocatalyst with semiconductor is a promising approach to simultaneously optimize the generation, transfer, and consumption of photoinduced charge carriers for high-performance photocatalysis. The photocatalytic activities of the designed hybrid structures are greatly determined by the efficiencies of charge transfer across the interfaces between different components. In this paper, interface design of Ag-BiOCl-PdOx hybrid photocatalysts is demonstrated based on the choice of suitable BiOCl facets in depositing plasmonic Ag and PdOx cocatalyst, respectively...
August 10, 2017: Small
Ge Gao, Qiaoyue Xi, Hua Zhou, Yongxia Zhao, Cunqi Wu, Lidan Wang, Pengran Guo, Jingwei Xu
Herein, we report the performance of CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, and I) perovskite quantum dots (QDs) for photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes. The photocatalytic performance of CsPbX3 QDs was characterized by UV-vis absorption spectra and ESI-MS, which evaluated their ability of degrading methyl orange (MO) solution under visible light irradiation. Interestingly, both CsPbCl3 and CsPbBr3 QDs show excellent photocatalytic activities, which can decompose the MO solution into a colorless solution within 100 min...
August 10, 2017: Nanoscale
L Sánchez-García, M O Ramírez, C Tserkezis, R Sole, J J Carvajal, M Aguiló, F Díaz, L E Bausá
Increasing Yb(3+) absorption efficiency is currently desired in a number of applications including bio-imaging, photovoltaics, near infrared driven photocatalysis or ultra-short pulsed solid-state lasers. In this work, silver nanoparticles, which are connected forming disordered networks, have been self-assembled on Yb(3+) doped RbTiOPO4 crystals to produce a remarkable enhancement of Yb(3+) absorption, and hence in the photoluminescence of this ion. The results are interpreted taking into account the near-field response of the plasmonic networks, which display strong amplification of the electric field at the maximum of Yb(3+) excitation at around 900 nm, together with the anisotropic character of the Yb(3+) transitions in RbTiOPO4...
August 9, 2017: Nanoscale
Ashutosh Kumar, Musharib Khan, Liping Fang, Irene M C Lo
TiO2-based photocatalysis offers certain advantages like rapid degradation and mineralization of organic compounds. However, the practical applicability of photocatalysts in degradation of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) is still restricted by challenges including their limited photocatalytic activity under visible light and difficulty in their separation from suspension. To overcome these challenges, a visible-light-driven magnetic N-TiO2@SiO2@Fe3O4 nanophotocatalyst was developed through fine-tuning the pertinent factors (calcination temperature, Fe3O4 loading, and nitrogen doping) involved during synthesis process, on the basis of degradation of ibuprofen (a typical PPCP)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Marwa Abid, Soraa Bouattour, Ana M Ferraria, David S Conceição, Ana P Carapeto, Luís F Vieira Ferreira, Ana M Botelho do Rego, Mohamed M Chehimi, Manuel Rei Vilar, Sami Boufi
In the present work, a simple, reliable and cost-effective approach to functionalize cotton fabrics with Ag-TiO2 nanoparticles strongly bound to the fibres and with visible-light-responsive photo-activity is presented. The hybrid cotton-Ag-TiO2 fabrics were characterized by Raman, AFM, FE-SEM, TGA, XPS GSDR, and LIL to confirm the generation of metallic Ag nanoparticles and crystalline TiO2 and investigate how the concentration of Ag and TiO2 precursors affected the morphology and the luminescence properties of the nanostructured layer grafted on the cotton fibres...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Shengyang Wang, Yuying Gao, Shu Miao, Taifeng Liu, Linchao Mu, Rengui Li, Fengtao Fan, Can Li
Plasmonic photocatalysis, stemming from the effective light absorbance and confinement of surface plasmon, provides a pathway to enhance the solar energy conversion. Although the plasmonic hot electrons in water reduction have been extensively studied, exactly how the plasmonic hot holes participate in the water splitting reaction has not yet been well understood. In particular, where the plasmonic hot holes participate in water oxidation is still illusive. Herein, taking Au/TiO2 as a plasmonic photocatalyst prototype, we investigated the plasmonic hot holes involved in the water oxidation...
August 4, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Yoshio Nosaka, Atsuko Y Nosaka
The detection methods and generation mechanisms of the intrinsic reactive oxygen species (ROS), i.e., superoxide anion radical ((•)O2(-)), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), singlet oxygen ((1)O2), and hydroxyl radical ((•)OH) in photocatalysis, were surveyed comprehensively. Consequently, the major photocatalyst used in heterogeneous photocatalytic systems was found to be TiO2. However, besides TiO2 some representative photocatalysts were also involved in the discussion. Among the various issues we focused on the detection methods and generation reactions of ROS in the aqueous suspensions of photocatalysts...
August 4, 2017: Chemical Reviews
Narendra Singh, Jai Prakash, Mrinmoy Misra, Ashutosh Sharma, Raju Kumar Gupta
There is a growing interest in multifunctional nanomaterials for the detection as well as degradation of organic contaminants in the water. In this work, we report on the development of dual functional TiO2 nanofibers (TNF) with different tantalum (Ta) doping (1-10 mol%) by a simple electrospinning technique. As-prepared TNF show mesoporous dominant structure, which are favourable for photocatalytic activity due to the presence of catalytic spots. Ta doping decreases the crystalline size within TiO2 matrix due to the incorporation of Ta5+ ions and restricts the phase transformation from anatase to rutile...
August 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shaodong Sun, Pengju Li, Shuhua Liang, Zhimao Yang
As a significant metal chalcogenide, copper sulfide (Cu2-xS, 0 < x < 1), with a unique semiconducting and nontoxic nature, has received significant attention over the past few decades. Extensive investigations have been employed to the various Cu2-xS micro-/nanostructures owing to their excellent optoelectronic behavior, potential thermoelectric properties, and promising biomedical applications. As a result, micro-/nanostructured Cu2-xS with well-controlled morphologies, sizes, crystalline phases, and compositions have been rationally synthesized and applied in the fields of photocatalysis, energy conversion, in vitro biosensing, and in vivo imaging and therapy...
August 4, 2017: Nanoscale
Paul A DeSario, Jeremy J Pietron, Todd H Brintlinger, Monica McEntee, Joseph F Parker, Olga Baturina, Rhonda M Stroud, Debra R Rolison
Ultraporous copper/titanium dioxide (Cu/TiO2) aerogels supporting <5 nm diameter copper nanoparticles are active for surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-driven photocatalysis. The extended nanoscale Cu‖TiO2 junctions in Cu/TiO2 composite aerogels-which arise as a result of photodepositing copper at the surface of the nanoparticulate-bonded TiO2 aerogel architecture-stabilize Cu against oxidation to an extent that preserves the plasmonic behavior of the nanoparticles, even after exposure to oxidizing conditions...
August 4, 2017: Nanoscale
Giacomo Lovat, Daniel Forrer, Mikel Abadia, Marcos Dominguez, Maurizio Casarin, Celia Rogero, Andrea Vittadini, Luca Floreano
We demonstrate the thermal stability up to 450 °C of a titanium(iv)-porphyrin monolayer grown on the rutile TiO2(110) surface. Starting from a film of metal-free tetra-phenyl-porphyrin, 2HTPP, deposited at room temperature, we show that, beyond the self-metalation reaction at 150°-200 °C, a second phase transition takes place at ∼350 °C. Using surface diffraction and microscopy, we observe a change of the phase symmetry from (2 × 4)-obliq to (2 × 6)-rect. Core level photoemission indicates that the chemical states of both the molecular tetrapyrrolic macrocycle and the substrate are unchanged...
August 4, 2017: Nanoscale
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