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Hongpeng Zhou, Shixin Xu, Dingke Zhang, Shijian Chen, Junkai Deng
Making full use of solar energy and achieving high charge separation efficiency are critical factors for the photocatalysis technique. In this work, we report core-shell structured fibrous phosphorus (f-P) coated P-doped Cr2O3 (Cr2O3:P@f-P) hybrid composites with a strong optical absorption in the full region of 200-2600 nm. The Cr2O3:P@f-P hybrid composites exhibit a record photocatalytic efficiency under UV, visible and near-infrared light irradiation, demonstrating as promising photocatalysts for the full utilization of solar energy...
February 21, 2017: Nanoscale
Jingxiang Low, Jiaguo Yu, Mietek Jaroniec, Swelm Wageh, Ahmed A Al-Ghamdi
Semiconductor-based photocatalysis attracts wide attention because of its ability to directly utilize solar energy for production of solar fuels, such as hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuels and for degradation of various pollutants. However, the efficiency of photocatalytic reactions remains low due to the fast electron-hole recombination and low light utilization. Therefore, enormous efforts have been undertaken to solve these problems. Particularly, properly engineered heterojunction photocatalysts are shown to be able to possess higher photocatalytic activity because of spatial separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs...
February 21, 2017: Advanced Materials
Zhengjian Li, Zongzhao Sun, Zhiqiang Duan, Rui Li, Yanli Yang, Jingyi Wang, Xiaoxia Lv, Wei Qi, Hua Wang
In the present work, a facile and efficient fabrication method has been developed for creating super-hydrophobic coatings of silver-doped TiO2@polycarbonate (TiO2 (Ag)@PC) on the substrates of different materials with photocatalytic self-cleaning performances simply by the "dipping and drying" process. The substrates were first patterned with glue and then deposited with the dopamine-capped TiO2 (Ag)@PC (DA-TiO2 (Ag)@PC) nanocomposites, followed by the further etching with dimethylbenzene. The so prepared super-hydrophobic E-DA-TiO2(Ag)@PC coatings could present the lotus leaf-like porous architectures, high adhesion stability, and especially the visible-light photocatalysis for organic contaminant degradation, thus promising the wide outdoor and indoor applications like water proofing, metal erosion protection, and surface self-cleaning...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jianming Zhang, Yue Huang, Lei Jin, Federico Rosei, Fiorenzo Vetrone, Jerome P Claverie
We report the two-step synthesis of a core@shell nanohybrid material for visible-to-near-infrared (NIR) photocatalysis. The core is constituted of NaGdF4:Er(3+), Yb(3+) upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs). A bismuth ferrite (BFO) shell is assembled around the UCNPs via a hydrothermal process. The photocatalytic degradation assays of organic compounds of methylene orange and 4-chlorophenol reveal that core@shell nanostructures possess remarkably enhanced reaction activity under visible and NIR irradiation, compared to the BFO powder alone and the BFO-UCNP mixture...
February 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mengjiao Li, Junyong Wang, Peng Zhang, Qinglin Deng, Jinzhong Zhang, Kai Jiang, Zhigao Hu, Junhao Chu
The enhanced light-harvesting capacity and effective separation of photogenerated carriers in fantastic hierarchical heterostructures enjoy striking attention for potential applications in the field of solar cells and photocatalysis. A three-dimensional (3D) dandelion-shaped hierarchical Bi2S3 microsphere compactly decorated with wing-shaped few layered MoS2 lamella (D-BM) was fabricated via a facile hydrothermal self-assembly process. Especially, polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been proven as the vital template to form D-BM microsphere...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chengzhang Zhu, Zhifeng Jiang, Linlin Chen, Kun Qian, Jimin Xie
Novel hierarchical NiS2 hollow spheres modified by graphite-like carbon nitride were prepared using a facile L-cysteine-assisted solvothermal route. The NiS2/g-C3N4 composites exhibited excellent photocatalytic efficiency in rhodamine B, methyl orange and ciprofloxacin degradation as compared to single g-C3N4 and NiS2, which could be due to the synergistic effects of the unique hollow sphere-like structure, strong visible-light absorption and increased separation rate of the photoinduced electron-hole pairs at the intimate interface of heterojunctions...
March 17, 2017: Nanotechnology
Ai-Yong Zhang, Yuan-Yi He, Tan Lin, Nai-Hui Huang, Qiao Xu, Jing-Wei Feng
Visible-light-driven photocatalysis is a promising technology for advanced water treatment, but it usually exhibits a low efficiency. Cu2O is a low-cost semiconductor with narrow band gap, high absorption coefficient and suitable conduction band, but suffers from low charge mobility, poor quantum yield and weak catalytic performance. Herein, the Cu2O catalytic capacity for refractory pollutants degradation is drastically improved by a simple and effective strategy. By virtue of the synergistic effects between photocatalysis and Fenton, a novel and efficient photocatalysis-driven Fenton system, PFC, is originally proposed and experimentally validated using Cu2O/Nano-C hybrids...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Yang Su, Hongfei Li, Hanbin Ma, John Robertson, Arokia Nathan
Cu2O nanoparticles with controllable facets are of great significance for photocatalysis. In this work, the surface termination and facet orientation of Cu2O nanoparticles are accurately tuned by adjusting the amount of hydroxylamine hydrochloride and surfactant. It is found that Cu2O nanoparticles with Cu-terminated (110) or (111) surfaces show high photocatalytic activity, while other exposed facets show poor reactivity. Density functional theory simulations confirm that sodium dodecyl sulfate surfactant can lower the surface free energy of Cu-terminated surfaces, increase the density of exposed Cu atoms at the surfaces and thus benefit the photocatalytic activity...
February 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Syed Irfan, Syed Rizwan, Yang Shen, Liangliang Li, Asfandiyar, Sajid Butt, Ce-Wen Nan
The process of photocatalysis is appealing to huge interest motivated by the great promise of addressing current energy and environmental issues through converting solar light directly into chemical energy. However, an efficient solar energy harvesting for photocatalysis remains a critical challenge. Here, we reported a new full solar spectrum driven photocatalyst by co-doping of Gd(3+) and Sn(4+) into A and B-sites of BiFeO3 simultaneously. The co-doping of Gd(3+) and Sn(4+) played a key role in hampering the recombination of electron-hole pairs and shifted the band-gap of BiFeO3 from 2...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Wonmi Ahn, Daniel C Ratchford, Pehr E Pehrsson, Blake S Simpkins
Non-radiative plasmon decay in noble metals generates highly energetic carriers under visible light irradiation, which opens new prospects in the fields of photocatalysis, photovoltaics, and photodetection. While localized surface plasmon-induced hot carrier generation occurs in diverse metal nanostructures, inhomogeneities typical of many metal-semiconductor plasmonic nanostructures hinder predictable control of photocarrier generation and therefore reproducible carrier-mediated photochemistry. Here, we generate traveling surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) at the interface between a noble metal/titanium dioxide (TiO2) heterostructure film and aqueous solution, enabling simultaneous optical and electrochemical interrogation of plasmon-mediated chemistry in a system whose resonance may be continuously tuned via the incident optical excitation angle...
February 9, 2017: Nanoscale
Huimin Yang, Honghan Fei
We present a facile and compelling method for the synthesis of metal-organic framework (MOF) thin films on TiO2-coated conductive glass substrates. This generic deposition approach is extended to five representative MOF films (e.g. UiO, MIL, IRMOF, and NU series) with high crystallinity and excellent surface coverage, achieving a MOF/TiO2 heterostructure interface. The tunable thickness and functionality of MOF films as well as the preferred orientation of MOF microcrystallites are described. After the incorporation of [Ru(bpy)3](2+) functionality via postsynthetic ligand exchange, the resultant MOF films serve as a robust and efficient catalyst for photo-oxidation of thioanisole...
February 9, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jennifer L Peper, David J Vinyard, Gary W Brudvig, James M Mayer
Understanding the nature of charge carriers in nanoscale titanium dioxide is important for its use in solar energy conversion, photocatalysis, and other applications. UV-irradiation of aqueous, colloidal TiO2 nanoparticles in the presence of methanol gives highly reduced suspensions. Two distinct types of electron traps were observed and characterized by EPR and optical spectroscopies. The relative populations of the states depend on temperature, indicating a small energy difference, ΔH° = 3.0 ± 0.6 kcal/mol (130 ± 30 meV)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Lei-Min Zhao, Qing-Yuan Meng, Xiang-Bing Fan, Chen Ye, Xu-Bing Li, Bin Chen, Vaidhyanathan Ramamurthy, Chen-Ho Tung, Li-Zhu Wu
Selective oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes/ketones has been achieved with the help of 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA)-capped CdSe quantum dot (MPA-CdSe QD) and visible light. Visible-light-prompted electron-transfer reaction initiates the oxidation. The thiyl radical generated from the thiolate anion adsorbed on a CdSe QD plays a key role by abstracting the hydrogen atom from the C-H bond of the alcohol (R(1) CH(OH)R(2) ). The reaction shows high efficiency, good functional group tolerance, and high site-selectivity in polyhydroxy compounds...
February 8, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Liang Zhou, Zechao Zhuang, Huihui Zhao, Mengting Lin, Dongyuan Zhao, Liqiang Mai
Intricate hollow structures garner tremendous interest due to their aesthetic beauty, unique structural features, fascinating physicochemical properties, and widespread applications. Here, the recent advances in the controlled synthesis are discussed, as well as applications of intricate hollow structures with regard to energy storage and conversion. The synthetic strategies toward complex multishelled hollow structures are classified into six categories, including well-established hard- and soft-templating methods, as well as newly emerging approaches based on selective etching of "soft@hard" particles, Ostwald ripening, ion exchange, and thermally induced mass relocation...
February 7, 2017: Advanced Materials
K Zakrzewska, M Radecka
The paper deals with application of three nanomaterial systems: undoped TiO2, chromium-doped TiO2:Cr and TiO2-SnO2 synthesized by flame spray synthesis (FSS) technique for hydrogen sensing. The emphasis is put on the role of anatase and rutile polymorphic forms of TiO2 in enhancing sensitivity towards reducing gases. Anatase-to-rutile transformation is achieved by annealing of undoped TiO2 in air at 700 °C, specific Cr doping and modification with SnO2. Undoped TiO2 and TiO2-SnO2 exhibit n-type behaviour and while TiO2: 5 at...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Andressa C Bevilacqua, Mateus Henrique Köhler, Sérgio Azevedo, Rogério J Baierle
Spin polarized density functional theory has been used to study the stability, and electronic and optical properties when BN nanodomains are embedded in graphene and carbon patches are embedded in a single layer of h-BN forming h-BNC nanosystems. Our results show that graphene doped with BN nanodomains exhibits a non-zero gap, which depends on the nanodomain's shape and width. For h-BN with C domains we observe that we can tune the h-BN gap into the visible region, making the h-BNC a promising material for catalysis using solar energy...
February 7, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Daksh Agarwal, Carlos Aspetti, Matteo Cargnello, Mingliang Ren, Jinkyoung Yoo, Christopher B Murray, Ritesh Agarwal
The field of plasmonics has attracted considerable attention in recent years because of potential applications in various fields such as nanophotonics, photovoltaics, energy conversion, catalysis and therapeutics. It is becoming increasing clear that intrinsic high losses associated with plasmons can be utilized to create new device concepts to harvest the generated heat. It is therefore important to design cavities, which can harvest optical excitations efficiently to generate heat. We report a highly engineered nanowire cavity, which utilizes a high dielectric silicon core with a thin plasmonic film (Au) to create an effective metallic cavity to strongly confine light, which when coupled with localized surface plasmons in the nanoparticles of the thin metal film produces exceptionally high temperatures upon laser irradiation...
February 6, 2017: Nano Letters
Cao Cui, Meijie Tou, Mohua Li, Zhenguo Luo, Lingbo Xiao, Song Bai, Zhengquan Li
Combination of upconversion nanocrystals (UCNs) with CeO2 is a decent choice to construct NIR-activated photocatalysts for utilizing the NIR light in the solar spectrum. Herein we present a facile approach to deposit a CeO2 layer with controllable thickness on the plate-shaped NaYF4:Yb,Tm UCNs. The developed core-shell nanocomposites display obvious photocatalytic activity under the NIR light and exhibit enhanced activity under the full solar spectrum. For enhancing the separation of photogenerated electrons and holes on the CeO2 surface, we sequentially coat a ZnO shell on the nanocomposites so as to form a heterojunction structure for achieving a better activity...
February 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Jing Liu, Heng Zhao, Min Wu, Benoit Van der Schueren, Yu Li, Olivier Deparis, Jinhua Ye, Geoffrey A Ozin, Tawfique Hasan, Bao-Lian Su
Solar light is widely recognized as one of the most valuable renewable energy sources for the future. However, the development of solar-energy technologies is severely hindered by poor energy-conversion efficiencies due to low optical-absorption coefficients and low quantum-conversion yield of current-generation materials. Huge efforts have been devoted to investigating new strategies to improve the utilization of solar energy. Different chemical and physical strategies have been used to extend the spectral range or increase the conversion efficiency of materials, leading to very promising results...
February 6, 2017: Advanced Materials
Qing Chang, Xuejun Han, Chaorui Xue, Jinlong Yang, Shengliang Hu
To allow low cost and green carbon dots (CDs) to play a central role in photocatalysis, here we present a strategy in which their photocatalytic activities can be significantly improved by combining them with a small amount of Cu1.8S. Not only can Cu1.8S-passivated CDs more efficiently reduce benzoquinone species to phenols than CDs alone, but can also enhance the formation rate of ˙OH radicals under visible irradiation.
February 6, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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