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nano catalysis

G Deokar, N S Rajput, P Vancsó, F Ravaux, M Jouiad, D Vignaud, F Cecchet, J-F Colomer
Vertically aligned MoS2 nanosheets (NSs) with exposed edges were successfully synthesized over a large area (∼2 cm(2)). The NSs were grown using an ambient pressure chemical vapor deposition technique via rapid sulfurization of sputter deposited thick molybdenum films. Extensive characterization of the grown MoS2 NSs has been carried out using high resolution scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM & TEM). A special care was given to the TEM lamella preparation process by means of a focused ion beam to preserve the NS growth direction...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
Jin-Hui Zhong, Xi Jin, Lingyan Meng, Xiang Wang, Hai-Sheng Su, Zhi-Lin Yang, Christopher T Williams, Bin Ren
An atomic- and molecular-level understanding of heterogeneous catalysis is required to characterize the nature of active sites and improve the rational design of catalysts. Achieving this level of characterization requires techniques that can correlate catalytic performances to specific surface structures, so as to avoid averaging effects. Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy combines scanning probe microscopy with plasmon-enhanced Raman scattering and provides simultaneous topographical and chemical information at the nano/atomic scale from ambient to ultrahigh-vacuum and electrochemical environments...
November 21, 2016: Nature Nanotechnology
Xin Li, Jiaguo Yu, S Wageh, Ahmed A Al-Ghamdi, Jun Xie
In recent years, heterogeneous photocatalysis has received much research interest because of its powerful potential applications in tackling many important energy and environmental challenges at a global level in an economically sustainable manner. Due to their unique optical, electrical, and physicochemical properties, various 2D graphene nanosheets-supported semiconductor composite photocatalysts have been widely constructed and applied in different photocatalytic fields. In this review, fundamental mechanisms of heterogeneous photocatalysis, including thermodynamic and kinetics requirements, are first systematically summarized...
November 2, 2016: Small
Leonardo Triggiani, Ana B Muñoz-García, Angela Agostiano, Michele Pavone
Strontium titanate (SrTiO3, STO) is a prototypical perovskite oxide, widely exploited in many technological applications, from catalysis to energy conversion devices. In the context of solid-oxide fuel cells, STO has been recently applied as an epitaxial substrate for nano-sized layers of mixed ion-electron conductive catalysts with enhanced electrochemical performances. To extend the applications of such heterogeneous nano-cathodes in real devices, also the STO support should be active for both electron transport and oxide diffusion...
October 11, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Gonzalo Prieto, Harun Tüysüz, Nicolas Duyckaerts, Johannes Knossalla, Guang-Hui Wang, Ferdi Schüth
Catalysis is at the core of almost every established and emerging chemical process and also plays a central role in the quest for novel technologies for the sustainable production and conversion of energy. Particularly since the early 2000s, a great surge of interest exists in the design and application of micro- and nanometer-sized materials with hollow interiors as solid catalysts. This review provides an updated and critical survey of the ever-expanding material architectures and applications of hollow structures in all branches of catalysis, including bio-, electro-, and photocatalysis...
October 7, 2016: Chemical Reviews
Xiaofang Zhang, Wenjing Lin, Liyang Wen, Na Yao, Shuyu Nie, Lijuan Zhang
Unimolecular polymeric micelles have several features, such as thermodynamic stability, small particle size, biocompatibility, and the ability to internalize hydrophobic molecules. These micelles have recently attracted significant attention in various applications, such as nano-reactors, catalysis, and drug delivery. However, few attempts have explored the formation mechanisms and conditions of unimolecular micelles due to limited experimental techniques. In this study, a unimolecular micelle system formed from β-cyclodextrin-graft-{poly(lactide)-block-poly(2-(dimethylamino) ethyl multimethacrylate)-block-poly[oligo (2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) methacrylate]} β-CD-g-(PLA-b-PDMAEMA-b-PEtOxMA) star-like block copolymers in aqueous media was investigated by dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) to explore the formation process of unimolecular micelles...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Xing Ma, Ana C Hortelão, Tania Patiño, Samuel Sánchez
Enzymes play a crucial role in many biological processes which require harnessing and converting free chemical energy into kinetic forces in order to accomplish tasks. Enzymes are considered to be molecular machines, not only because of their capability of energy conversion in biological systems but also because enzymatic catalysis can result in enhanced diffusion of enzymes at a molecular level. Enlightened by nature's design of biological machinery, researchers have investigated various types of synthetic micro/nanomachines by using enzymatic reactions to achieve self-propulsion of micro/nanoarchitectures...
October 3, 2016: ACS Nano
Galina Marzun, Alexander Levish, Viktor Mackert, Tanja Kallio, Stephan Barcikowski, Philipp Wagener
Platinum and iridium are rare and expensive noble metals that are used as catalysts for different sectors including in heterogeneous chemical automotive emission catalysis and electrochemical energy conversion. Nickel and its alloys are promising materials to substitute noble metals. Nickel based materials are cost-effective with good availability and show comparable catalytic performances. The nickel-molybdenum system is a very interesting alternative to platinum in water electrolysis. We produced ligand-free nickel-molybdenum nanoparticles by laser ablation in water and acetone...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Sara Blomberg, Jianfeng Zhou, Johan Gustafson, Johan Zetterberg, Edvin Lundgren
In recent years, efforts have been made in catalysis related surface science studies to explore the possibilities to perform experiments at conditions closer to those of a technical catalyst, in particular at increased pressures. Techniques such as high pressure scanning tunneling/atomic force microscopy (HPSTM/AFM), near ambient pressure x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (NAPXPS), surface x-ray diffraction (SXRD) and polarization-modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRAS) at semi-realistic conditions have been used to study the surface structure of model catalysts under reaction conditions, combined with simultaneous mass spectrometry (MS)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Ying Bao, Thomas A Witten, Norbert F Scherer
A central challenge in nano- and mesoscale materials research is facile formation of specific structures for catalysis, sensing, and photonics. Self-assembled equilibrium structures, such as three-dimensional crystals or ordered monolayers, form as a result of the interactions of the constituents. Other structures can be achieved by imposing forces (fields) and/or boundary conditions, which Whitesides termed "self-organization". Here, we demonstrate contact line pinning on locally curved surfaces (i.e., a self-assembled monolayer of SiO2 colloidal particles) as a boundary condition to create extended arrays of uniform rings of Au nanoparticles (NPs) on the SiO2 colloids...
September 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Zhiqi He, Paschalis Alexandridis
Having novel electronic and optical properties that emanate from their nano-scale dimensions, nanoparticles are central to numerous applications. Ionic liquids can confer to nanoparticle chemical protection and physicochemical property enhancement through intermolecular interactions and can consequently improve the stability and reusability of nanoparticle for various operations. With an aim to combine the novel properties of nanoparticles and ionic liquids, different structures have been generated, based on a balance of several intermolecular interactions...
August 9, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Yanan Chen, Garth C Egan, Jiayu Wan, Shuze Zhu, Rohit Jiji Jacob, Wenbo Zhou, Jiaqi Dai, Yanbin Wang, Valencia A Danner, Yonggang Yao, Kun Fu, Yibo Wang, Wenzhong Bao, Teng Li, Michael R Zachariah, Liangbing Hu
Nanoparticles hosted in conductive matrices are ubiquitous in electrochemical energy storage, catalysis and energetic devices. However, agglomeration and surface oxidation remain as two major challenges towards their ultimate utility, especially for highly reactive materials. Here we report uniformly distributed nanoparticles with diameters around 10 nm can be self-assembled within a reduced graphene oxide matrix in 10 ms. Microsized particles in reduced graphene oxide are Joule heated to high temperature (∼1,700 K) and rapidly quenched to preserve the resultant nano-architecture...
2016: Nature Communications
Ying Ma, Lin-Yue Lanry Yung
Formation of intended nano- and microstructures with regular building blocks has attracted much attention because of their potential applications in the fields of optics, electronics, and catalysis. Herein, we report a novel strategy to spontaneously grow three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical cabbagelike microparticles (CLMPs) constructed by individual Au nanoplates. By reducing gold precursor to gold atoms, N-(3-amidino)-aniline (NAAN) itself was oxidized to form poly(N-(3-amidino)-aniline) (PNAAN), which specifically binds on Au(111) facet as a capping agent and which leads to the formation of gold nanoplates...
August 9, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Sunling Hu, Xiaoqing Zhang, Fengchao Zang, Yu Zhang, Wei Zhang, Yihang Wu, Mengjie Song, Yuehua Wang, Ning Gu
Nano-sized Prussian blue (PB) cubes were synthesized at room temperature by simply stirring the mixture of surface modified iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) and potassium ferrocyanide in an aqueous acid solution. The nanocubes were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The influence of different molecules modified on the surface of IONPs on the cube formation was discussed. The surface modification with dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTS) and citric acid (CA) all displayed a key role in the formation precess of PB nanocubes, but which could not be formed as bare IONPs or Fe3+ were used as precursor...
February 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Chung Jun Lee, Jip Kim, Taegyu Kim
Heterogeneous catalytic processes have been used to produce hydrogen from hydrocarbons. However, high reforming temperature caused serious catalyst deteriorations and low energy efficiency. Recently, a plasma-catalyst hybrid process was used to reduce the reforming temperature and to improve the stability and durability of reforming catalysts. Effect of electric discharges on properties of nanoparticulate catalysts for plasma-catalysis was investigated in the present study. Catalyst-bed porosity was varied by packing catalyst beads with the different size in a reactor...
February 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Min Li, Ying Zhang, Xiansong Wang, Daxiang Cui
Herein, we report the green synthesis of Ag and Au@Ag microspheres by using the aqueous extracts of the egg white as well as their application as substrates for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) detection. Both microspheres are prepared via the green synthesis method (room temperature, in aqueous solution and a benign reducer). The as-prepared urchin-like Ag microspheres have an average diameter of 600-800 nm, which is made up of some nanopricks with an average length of 10-40 nm. Meanwhile, the Au@Ag architectures prepared by galvanic replacement keep nearly similar size, which is also composed of some compact nanoparticles with an average diameter of about 10-40 nm...
January 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Jian Yang, Fengjun Zhang, Xin Wang, Dongsheng He, Geng Wu, Qinghua Yang, Xun Hong, Yuen Wu, Yadong Li
Herein, a series of porous nano-structured carbocatalysts have been fused and decorated by Mo-based composites, such as Mo2 C, MoN, and MoP, to form a hybrid structures. Using the open porosity derived from the pyrolysis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), the highly dispersive MoO2 small nanoparticles can be deposited in porous carbon by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Undergoing different treatments of carbonization, nitridation, and phosphorization, the Mo2 C-, MoN-, and MoP-decorated carbocatalysts can be selectively prepared with un-changed morphology...
October 4, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Xiaoping Huang, Kai Chen, Mingxi Qi, Yu Li, Yumeng Hou, Ying Wang, Qing Zhao, Xiangang Luo, Qingyu Xu
Optical trapping and manipulation of nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely used in nanotechnology and biology. Here, we demonstrate an optically directed assembly (ODA) route for bottom-up fabrication of stable nanostructured grating patterns in solution using laser standing evanescent wave (LSEW) fields. The control mechanism is the intriguing cooperative action of the periodically line-centered attractive optical gradient force and the near field dipolar coupling force induced by LSEW, which leads to assembly of the colloidal silver NPs into robust grating patterns within minutes...
July 21, 2016: Nanoscale
Yan Zhao, Ying Wang, Xiaobin Zhang, Rongmei Kong, Lian Xia, Fengli Qu
The ultrasensitive monitoring of glucose with a fast and accurate method is significant in potential therapeutics and optimizes protein biosynthesis. Incorporation of enzyme into matrix is considered as promising candidates for constructing highly sensitive glucose-responsive systems. In this study, three-dimensional poly(acrylic acid) brushes-nanospherical silica (PAA-nano silica) with high amplification capability and stability were used to covalently immobilize bienzymes for cascade enzymatic catalysis. The major advantages of PAA-nano silica-bienzyme co-incorporation is that the enzymes are proximity distribution, and such close confinement both minimized the diffusion of intermediates among the enzymes in the consecutive reaction and improve the utilization efficiency of enzymes, thereby enhancing the overall reaction efficiency and specificity...
August 1, 2016: Talanta
Siwon Lee, Jongsu Seo, WooChul Jung
The key challenge that has limited the industrial utilization of nano-sized metal catalysts is their poor thermal stability and the resulting performance degradation. Here, we address this issue by designing a post-encapsulated composite structure in which individual Pt nanoparticles are surrounded by gas-permeable and catalytically active CeO2 shells. Positively charged surfactants on the nanoparticle surfaces are exploited to adsorb negatively charged Ce precursor complexes spontaneously, followed by confined precipitation to form cerium dioxide...
May 21, 2016: Nanoscale
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