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nano catalysis

Zhihong Wang, Fenhui Cao, Kongfa Chen, Yingming Yan, Yifu Chen, Yaohui Zhang, Xingbao Zhu, Bo Wei, Yueping Xiong, Zhe Lv
Cellular metals with the large surface-to-volume ratios and excellent electrical conductivity are widely applicable and have thus been studied extensively. It is highly desirable to develop a facile and cost-effective process for fabrication of porous metallic structures, more so for micron/nano pores. Herein, we propose a novel direct-flame strategy for in-situ fabrication of micron cellular architecture on Ni metal precursor. The flame provides required heat, but also serves as a fuel reformer providing a gas mixture of H2, CO and O2 for redox treatment of Ni metals...
January 10, 2018: ChemSusChem
Jeremy Cure, Hala Assi, Kévin Cocq, Lorena Marín, Katia Fajerwerg, Pierre Fau, Eric Beche, Yves J Chabal, Alain Esteve, Carole Rossi
The integration of high-purity nano-objects on substrates remains a great challenge for addressing scaling-up issues in nanotechnology. For instance, grafting gold nanoparticles (NPs) on zinc oxide films, a major step process for catalysis or photovoltaic applications, still remains difficult to master. We report a modified photo-deposition (P-D) approach that achieves tight control of the NPs size (7.5 ± 3 nm), shape (spherical), purity, and high areal density (3500 ± 10 NPs/m2) on ZnO films. This deposition method is also compatible with large ZnO surface areas...
January 9, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Alla Malinenko, Alban Jonchere, Luc Girard, Sandra Parrès-Maynadié, Olivier Diat, Pierre Bauduin
Owing to their multiple charges and their nanometric size polyoxometalates (POMs) are at the frontier between ions and charged colloids. We investigated here the effect of POM-POM electrostatics repulsions on their self-diffusion in water by varying POM and supporting salt concentrations. The self-diffusion coefficients of two Keggin's POMs: silicotungstate (SiW4-) and phosphotungstate (PW3-) were determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and DOSY 1H/31P NMR whereas POM-POM electrostatic repulsions were investigated by the determination of the static structure factors using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)...
December 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Thomas Cornell, Maziar S Ardejani, Jing Fu, Stephanie Newland, Yu Zhang, Brendan P Orner
Cage proteins, which assemble into often highly symmetric hollow nano-scale capsules, have great potential in ap-plications as far reaching as drug delivery, hybrid nanomaterial engineering, and catalysis. In addition, they are promising model systems to understand how cellular nanostructures are constructed through protein-protein interactions, and they are beginning to be used as scaffolds for synthetic biology approaches. Recently, there has been renewed interest in the engineering of protein cages and, in support of these strategies, we have recently described a fluorescence-based assay for protein cage assembly that is specific for certain oligomerization states and symmetry-related protein-protein interfaces...
December 25, 2017: Biochemistry
Andi Cuko, Monica Calatayud, Stefan T Bromley
Nanostructured titanosilicate materials based upon interfacing nano-TiO2 with nano-SiO2 have drawn much attention due to their huge potential for applications in a diverse range of important fields including gas sensing, (photo)catalysis, solar cells, photonics/optical components, tailored multi-(bio)functional supports and self-cleaning coatings. In each case it is the specific mixed combination of the two SiO2 and TiO2 nanophases that determines the unique properties of the final nanomaterial. In the bulk, stoichiometric mixing of TiO2 with SiO2 is limited by formation of segregated TiO2 nanoparticles or metastable glassy phases and more controlled disperse crystalline mixings only occur at small fractions of TiO2 (<15 wt%)...
December 20, 2017: Nanoscale
Siddharth Gautam, Thu Le, Alberto Striolo, David Cole
Molecular motion under confinement has important implications for a variety of applications including gas recovery and catalysis. Propane confined in mesoporous silica aerogel as studied using quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) showed anomalous pressure dependence in its diffusion coefficient (J. Phys. Chem. C, 2015, 119, 18188). Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are often employed to complement the information obtained from QENS experiments. Here, we report an MD simulation study to probe the anomalous pressure dependence of propane diffusion in silica aerogel...
November 28, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Dong Yang, Zhao Jingjing, Jiafu Shi, Xueyan Wang, Shaohua Zhang, Zhongyi Jiang
Graphene-based materials with hierarchical structures and multi-functionality have gained diverse of interests in a variety of applications. Herein, we report a facile, yet universal approach to prepare graphene-based composite cellular foams (GCCFs) through combination of redox assembly and biomimetic mineralization enabled by cationic polymers. Specifically, cationic polymer (e.g., polyethyleneimine, lysozyme, etc.) could not only reduce and simultaneously assemble graphene oxide (GO) into cellular foams, but also confer the cellular foams with mineralization-inducing capability, enabling the formation of inorganic nanoparticles (e...
November 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Maria Wadsäter, Justas Barauskas, Fredrik Tiberg, Tommy Nylander
The effects of different lipolytic enzymes on the structure of lipid liquid crystalline nano-particles (LCNP) have been investigated by cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) and synchrotron small angle X-ray diffraction (SAXD). Here we used highly structured cubic micellar (Fd3m) nanoparticles of 50/50 (wt%/wt%) soy phosphatidyl choline (SPC)/glycerol dioleate (GDO) as substrate. Two types of lipolytic enzymes were used, phospholipase A2 (PLA2) that catalysis degradation of the phospholipid component, SPC, and porcine pancreatic triacylglycerol lipase (TGL) that facilitate the hydrolysis of the diglyceride, GDO...
November 10, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Weiyi Zhang, Qiang Zhao, Jiayin Yuan
The past decade has witnessed rapid advances in porous polyelectrolytes and there is tremendous ongoing interest in their synthesis and applications in environment, energy, biomedicine and catalysis. The porous polyelectrolytes research is motivated by the synergy of, apart from the flexible choice of functional organic groups and processing technologies, the charge and pores spanning length scales from individual polyelectrolyte backbones to their nano/micro superstructures. This review surveys recent progresses on porous polyelectrolytes including membranes, particles, scaffolds, high surface area powders/resins, and their derivatives...
November 9, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Silvia A Blank-Shim, Sebastian P Schwaminger, Monika Borkowska-Panek, Priya Anand, Peyman Yamin, Paula Fraga-García, Karin Fink, Wolfgang Wenzel, Sonja Berensmeier
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) are intensively investigated for applications in nanomedicine, catalysis and biotechnology, where their interaction with peptides and proteins plays an important role. However, the characterisation of the interaction of individual amino acids with MNP remains challenging. Here, we classify the affinity of 20 amino acid homo-hexamers to unmodified iron oxide nanoparticles using peptide arrays in a variety of conditions as a basis to identify and rationally design selectively binding peptides...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
Badri Narayanan, Henry Chan, Alper Kinaci, Fatih G Sen, Stephen K Gray, Maria K Y Chan, Subramanian K R S Sankaranarayanan
A fundamental understanding of the inter-relationships between structure, morphology, atomic scale dynamics, chemistry, and physical properties of mixed metallic-covalent systems is essential to design novel functional materials for applications in flexible nano-electronics, energy storage and catalysis. To achieve such knowledge, it is imperative to develop robust and computationally efficient atomistic models that describe atomic interactions accurately within a single framework. Here, we present a unified Tersoff-Brenner type bond order potential (BOP) for a Co-C system, trained against lattice parameters, cohesive energies, equation of state, and elastic constants of different crystalline phases of cobalt as well as orthorhombic Co2C derived from density functional theory (DFT) calculations...
October 18, 2017: Nanoscale
Fatma Vatansever, Michael R Hamblin
New methods are needed for covalent functionalization of nanoparticles-surface with organic polymer coronas to generate polymeric nanocomposite in a controlled manner. Here we report the use of a surface-initiated polymerization approach, mediated by titanium (IV) catalysis, to grow poly(n-hexylisocyanate) chains from silica surface. Two pathways were used to generate the interfacing in these nano-hybrids. In the first one, the nanoparticles was "seeded" with SiCl4, followed by reaction with 1,6-hexanediol to form hydroxyl groups attached directly to the surface via O-Si-O bonding...
February 2017: Macromolecular Research
Jian Zhu, Shan Pang, Thomas Dittrich, Yuying Gao, Wei Nie, Junyan Cui, Ruotian Chen, Hongyu An, Fengtao Fan, Can Li
The cocatalysts or dual cocatalysts of photocatalysts are indispensable for high efficiency in artificial photosynthesis for solar fuel production. However, the reaction activity increased by cocatalysts cannot be directly ascribed to the accelerated catalytic kinetics, since photogenerated charges are involved in the elementary steps of photocatalytic reactions. To date, diverging views about cocatalysts show that their exact role for photocatalysis is not well understood yet. Herein, we image directly the local separation of photogenerated charge carriers across single crystals of the BiVO4 photocatalyst which loaded locally with nanoparticles of a MnOx single cocatalyst or with nanoparticles of a spatially separated MnOx and Pt dual cocatalyst...
October 5, 2017: Nano Letters
Feng Ji, Dong Men, Dianbing Wang, Xian-En Zhang
There are various nanostructures in biological system. They are made of biological molecules via self-assembly with well-organized architectures and specific functions. These nanostructures can be grouped into lines, layers and cages, corresponding to one-, two- and three-dimensional structures, respectively. The bionanostructures can serve as the models or templates for biosynthesis of biodevices with desired functions by rational design. Proof-of-concept studies have shown their attractive performance in practical applications, e...
March 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Natalia Martín Sabanés, Katrin F Domke
Electrochemistry is re-gaining attention among scientists because the complex interplay between electronic and chemical interfacial processes lies at the bottom of a broad range of important research disciplines like alternative energy conversion or green catalysis and synthesis. While rapid progress has been made in recent years regarding novel technological applications, the community increasingly recognizes that the understanding of the molecular processes that govern macroscopic device properties is still rather limited - which hinders a systematic and more complete exploration of novel material and functionality space...
August 2017: ChemElectroChem
Fabian Itel, Philipp S Schattling, Yan Zhang, Brigitte Städler
Cell mimicry is a nature inspired concept that aims to substitute for missing or lost (sub)cellular function. This review focuses on the latest advancements in the use of enzymes in cell mimicry for encapsulated catalysis and artificial motility in synthetic bottom-up assemblies with emphasis on the biological response in cell culture or more rarely in animal models. Entities across the length scale from nano-sized enzyme mimics, sub-micron sized artificial organelles and self-propelled particles (swimmers) to micron-sized artificial cells are discussed...
September 12, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
A Poma, A Forni, C Baldoli, P R Mussini, A Bossi
Square planar platinum complexes are an important class of compounds used in (nano)technology, optoelectronics, medicinal chemistry and catalysis. The major research interests in cyclometalated Pt(ii) complexes focus on the selective modulation of their electronic properties and the control of the (cis/trans) geometry. For the first time, we unveil and demonstrate that cis-trans isomers of Pt(ii) complexes can be obtained in a derivative carrying the 1-phenyl-pirazolate (Hppz) and 2-hydroxy-1-naphtyl-(N-phenyl)imine ligands...
September 26, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Sofia Marchesini, Catriona M McGilvery, Josh Bailey, Camille Petit
Production of biocompatible and stable porous materials, e.g., boron nitride, exhibiting tunable and enhanced porosity is a prerequisite if they are to be employed to address challenges such as drug delivery, molecular separations, or catalysis. However, there is currently very limited understanding of the formation mechanisms of porous boron nitride and the parameters controlling its porosity, which ultimately prevents exploiting the material's full potential. Herein, we produce boron nitride with high and tunable surface area and micro/mesoporosity via a facile template-free method using multiple readily available N-containing precursors with different thermal decomposition patterns...
October 24, 2017: ACS Nano
Martin Spitzbarth, Andreas Scherer, Andreas Schachtschneider, Peter Imming, Sebastian Polarz, Malte Drescher
Diffusion in porous materials is under ongoing active investigation due to its major role in practical applications such as catalysis and chromatography. The complexity of these systems limits the use of the Einstein-Stokes diffusion theory, and it must be distinguished between the microscopic scale of diffusion at a molecular level, which is sensitive to the local surroundings of a diffusing molecule, and the macroscopic scale which takes into account diffusion spanning multiple pores, grain boundaries and inhomogeneity within the material...
October 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Julien Ramade, Cyril Langlois, Michel Pellarin, Laurent Piccolo, Marie-Ange Lebeault, Thierry Epicier, Mimoun Aouine, Emmanuel Cottancin
Multimetallic nano-alloys display a structure and consequently physicochemical properties evolving in a reactive environment. Following and understanding this evolution is therefore crucial for future applications in gas sensing and heterogeneous catalysis. In view hereof, the structural evolution of oxidized Ag25In75 bimetallic nanoparticles under varying H2 partial pressures (PH2) and substrate temperatures (Ts) has been investigated in real-time through environmental transmission microscopy (E-TEM) while maintaining the atomic resolution...
September 21, 2017: Nanoscale
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