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nano catalysis

Shenyu Lan, Jinxi Feng, Ya Xiong, Shuanghong Tian, Shengwei Liu, Lingjun Kong
Piezo-catalysis was first used to degrade a non-dye pollutant, 4-chlorophenol (4-CP). In this process, hydrothermally synthesized tetragonal BaTiO3 nano/micrometer-sized particles were used as the piezo-catalyst and the ultrasonic irradiation with low frequency was selected as the vibration energy to cause the deformation of tetragonal BaTiO3. It was found that the piezoelectric potential from the deformation could not only successfully degrade 4-chlorophenol, but also effectively make it dechlorination at the same time...
April 27, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Mark Paskevicius, Bjarne R S Hansen, Mathias Jørgensen, Bo Richter, Torben R Jensen
Silver compounds share a rich history in technical applications including photography, catalysis, photocatalysis, cloud seeding and as antimicrobial agents. Here we present a class of silver compounds (Ag2B10H10 and Ag2B12H12) that are semiconductors with a bandgap at 2.3 eV in the green visible light spectrum. The silver boranes have extremely high ion conductivity and dynamic-anion facilitated Ag(+) migration is suggested based on the structural model. The ion conductivity is enhanced more than two orders of magnitude at room temperature (up to 3...
April 26, 2017: Nature Communications
Yu-Chen Karen Chen-Wiegart, Ross Harder, David C Dunand, Ian McNulty
We studied the evolution of dealloying-induced strain along the {111} in a Ag-Au nano-crystal in situ, during formation of nanoporous gold at the initial stage of dealloying using Bragg coherent X-ray diffractive imaging. The strain magnitude with maximum probability in the crystal doubled in 10 s of dealloying. Although formation of nano-pores just began at the surface, the greatest strain is located 60-80 nm deep within the crystal. Dealloying induced a compressive strain in this region, indicating volume shrinkage occurred during pore formation...
April 20, 2017: Nanoscale
Jianghong Wu, Liancheng Wang, Baoliang Lv, Jiangang Chen
The few layered boron carbon nitride nanosheets (BCNNSs) have attracted widespread attention in the field of heterogeneous catalysis. Herein, we report an innovative one-pot route to prepare the catalyst of BCNNSs-encapsulated sub-10 nm highly dispersed nanoiron particles. Then the novel catalyst was used in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis for the first time and it exhibited high activity and superior stability. At a high temperature of 320 °C, CO conversion could reach 88.9%, corresponding catalytic activity per gram of iron (iron time yield, FTY) of 0...
April 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
L Roiban, S Li, M Aouine, A Tuel, D Farrusseng, T Epicier
Electron tomography in transmission electron microscopy provides valuable three-dimensional structural, morphological and chemical information of condensed matter at nanoscale. Current image acquisitions require at least tens of minutes, which prohibits the analysis of nano-objects evolving rapidly such as under dynamic environmental conditions. Reducing the acquisition duration to tens of seconds or less permits to follow in 3D the same object during its evolution under varying temperatures and pressures. We report Operando Electron nanotomography using image series acquired in less than 230 seconds instead of typically 15 min in the best cases so far...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
Yury A Vladimirov, Can Sarisozen, Georgy K Vladimirov, Nina Filipczak, Anastasia M Polimova, Vladimir P Torchilin
PURPOSE: The effect of existing anti-cancer therapies is based mainly on the stimulation of apoptosis in cancer cells. Here, we have demonstrated the ability of a catalytically-reactive nanoparticle-based complex of cytochrome c with cardiolipin (Cyt-CL) to induce the apoptosis and killing of cancer cells in a monolayer cell culture. METHODS: Cyt-CL nanoparticles were prepared by complexing CytC with different molar excesses of CL. Following characterization, cytotoxicity and apoptosis inducing effects of nanoparticles were investigated...
March 20, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
Laura A Büldt, Oliver S Wenger
Group 6 d6 metal complexes with arylisocyanide ligands are earth-abundant alternatives to photoactive complexes made from precious metals such as Ru(II), Re(I), Os(II), or Ir(III). Some of them have long-lived 3MLCT excited states that exhibit luminescence with good quantum yields combined with nano- to microsecond lifetimes, and they are very strongly reducing. Recent studies have demonstrated that Cr(0), Mo(0), and W(0) arylisocyanides have great potential for application in luminescent devices, photoredox catalysis, and dye-sensitized solar cells...
March 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Brendan Dyett, Haitao Yu, Xuehua Zhang
Surface nanodroplets are essential units for many compartmentalised processes from catalysis, liquid-liquid reactions, crystallization, wetting and more. Current techniques for producing submicron droplets are mainly based on top-down approaches, which are increasingly limited as scale reduces. Herein, solvent exchange is demonstrated as a simple solution-based approach for the formation of surface nanodroplets with intermediate and extremely high viscosity (1 000 000 cSt). By solvent exchange, the viscous droplet liquid dissolves in a good solvent that is then displaced by a poor solvent to yield surface droplets for the oversaturaion pulse at the mixing front...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Debdip Bhandary, Vasumathi Valechi, Maria Natália D S Cordeiro, Jayant K Singh
Janus particles provide an asymmetry in structure, which can impart diverse functionalities leading to immense importance in various applications, ranging from targeted delivery to interfacial phenomena, including catalysis, electronics, and optics. In this work, we present results of a molecular dynamics study of the growth mechanism of coating on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) from droplets of n-alkyl thiols with different chain lengths (C5 and C11) and terminal groups (CH3 and COOH). The effect of chain lengths and functional groups on the formation of a monolayer of alkyl thiols on AuNPs is investigated...
March 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
D Cassano, J David, S Luin, V Voliani
Noble metal nanostructures have demonstrated a number of intriguing features for both medicine and catalysis. However, accumulation issues have prevented their clinical translation, while their use in catalysis has shown serious efficiency and stability hurdles. Here we introduce a simple and robust synthetic protocol for passion fruit-like nano-architectures composed by a silica shell embedding polymeric arrays of ultrasmall noble metal nanoparticles. These nano-architectures show interesting features for both oncology and catalysis...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Fahimeh Bonyasi, Malak Hekmati, Hojat Veisi
An efficient procedure has been proposed for the loading of sulfonic acid groups on the surface of polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG400)-encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles to synthesize a core-shell Fe3O4@PEG400-SO3H nano catalyst. Surface functionalization of magnetic particles in such a way is a refined method of bridging the gap amongst heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis. The procured nano catalyst was classified through Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (WDX), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), BET, and back titration...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Xing Juan Chua, Martin Pumera
MoS2 has been investigated intensively in the field of catalysis for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in particular. Much effort has been made by various research teams worldwide to look into the specific catalyst design such as nano-structuring, defect engineering or hybrid structures. But what evades us is the fundamental preparation method for the dispersion of powdered MoS2. Individual research teams with their best practices might be subjective and not validated by extensive experimental results. In this report, we find that the overpotential for the catalysis of HER varies from 0...
February 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Braja Gopal Bag, Rakhi Majumdar
Studies on plant metabolites have gained renewed interest in recent years because these can serve as renewable chemicals for the development of a sustainable society.Among various plant secondary metabolites, terpenoids constitute the major component and triterpenoids are the 30C subset of it.In recent years, triterpenoids have drawn the attention of scientific community due to many of its potential and realized applications in medicine, drug delivery, thermochromic materials, pollutant capture, catalysis, liquid crystals, etc...
February 14, 2017: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
Pei Zuo, Lan Jiang, Xin Li, Bo Li, Yongda Xu, Xuesong Shi, Peng Ran, Tianbao Ma, Dawei Li, Liangti Qu, Yongfeng Lu, Costas P Grigoropoulos
Edge-active site control of MoS2 is crucial for applications such as chemical catalysis, synthesis of functional composites, and biochemical sensing. This work presents a novel nonthermal method to simultaneously tune surface chemical (edge-active sites) and physical (surface periodic micro/nano structures) properties of MoS2 using temporally shaped femtosecond pulses, through which shape-controlled gold nanoparticles are in situ and self-assembly grown on MoS2 surfaces to form Au-MoS2 hybrids. The edge-active sites with unbound sulfurs of laser-treated MoS2 drive the reduction of gold nanoparticles, while the surface periodic structures of laser-treated MoS2 assist the shape-controllable growth of gold nanoparticles...
March 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Max J Hoffmann, Felix Engelmann, Sebastian Matera
Lattice kinetic Monte Carlo simulations have become a vital tool for predictive quality atomistic understanding of complex surface chemical reaction kinetics over a wide range of reaction conditions. In order to expand their practical value in terms of giving guidelines for the atomic level design of catalytic systems, it is very desirable to readily evaluate a sensitivity analysis for a given model. The result of such a sensitivity analysis quantitatively expresses the dependency of the turnover frequency, being the main output variable, on the rate constants entering the model...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Afnan Alghannam, Christopher L Muhich, Charles B Musgrave
Titanium oxide is often decorated with metal nano-particles and either serves as a catalyst support or enables photocatalytic activity. The activity of these systems degrades over time due to catalytic particle agglomeration and growth by Ostwald ripening where adatoms dissociate from metal particles, diffuse across the surface and add to other metal particles. In this work, we use density functional theory calculations to study the diffusion mechanisms of select group VIII and 1B late-transition metal adatoms commonly used in catalysis and photocatalysis (Au, Ag, Cu, Pt, Rh, Ni, Co and Fe) on the anatase TiO2(101) surface...
January 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Xu Huang, Xuezhang Xiao, Wei Zhang, Xiulin Fan, Liuting Zhang, Changjun Cheng, Shouquan Li, Hongwei Ge, Qidong Wang, Lixin Chen
Magnesium hydride (MgH2) exhibits long-term stability and has recently been developed as a safe alternative to store hydrogen in the solid state, due to its high capacity of 7.6 wt% H2 and low cost compared to other metal hydrides. However, the high activation energy and poor kinetics of MgH2 lead to inadequate hydrogen storage properties, resulting in low energy efficiency. Nano-catalysis is deemed to be the most effective strategy in improving the kinetics performance of hydrogen storage materials. In this work, robust and efficient architectures of carbon-wrapped transition metal (Co/C, Ni/C) nanoparticles (8-16 nm) were prepared and used as catalysts in the MgH2 system via ball milling to improve its de/rehydrogenation kinetics...
February 1, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Bin Li, Liansheng Qiao, Lingling Li, Yanling Zhang, Kai Li, Lingzhi Wang, Yanjiang Qiao
Our previous studies have shown that Coix glutelin pepsin hydrolysate can effectively inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity in vitro. The main purpose of this study was to obtain potent anti-hypertensive peptides from Coix glutelin. The Coix glutelin hydrolysates (CGH) were prepared by pepsin catalysis and further separated by an ultrafitration (UF) system, gel filtration chromatography (GFC) and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). As a result, the sub-fraction F5-3 had the highest ACE-inhibitory activity...
January 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Haiyan Zhu, Yawei Li, Guizhi Zhu, Haibin Su, Siew Hwa Chan, Qiang Sun
An efficient conversion of CO2 into valuable fuels and chemicals has been hotly pursued recently. Here, for the first time, we have explored a series of M12x12 nano-cages (M = B, Al, Be, Mg; X = N, P, O) for catalysis of CO2 to HCOOH. Two steps are identified in the hydrogenation process, namely, H2 activation to 2H*, and then 2H* transfer to CO2 forming HCOOH, where the barriers of two H* transfer are lower than that of the H2 activation reaction. Among the studied cages, Be12O12 is found to have the lowest barrier in the whole reaction process, showing two kinds of reaction mechanisms for 2H* (simultaneous transfer and a step-wise transfer with a quite low barrier)...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ahmed Mohsen Ismail, Mahmoud Mohamed Emara, Taher Salah El Din Kassem, Mahmoud Ahmed Moussa
CuO nanostructures (NSs) of different morphologies were prepared, applied as catalysts for the pyrolysis of sugarcane bagasse (PSCB), and applied for thermally-conductive nanofluids. Both size and shape of the prepared NSs ranged from 5 to 1000 nm, and from nanodots (NDs) to spindle nano-aggregates (NAs), respectively. The catalytic activity of these NSs towards the PSCB was followed up by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), where they increased the percentage of total weight loss, and lowered the decomposition temperatures of PSCB...
January 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
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