keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gen infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096855/helminth-infections-of-meriones-persicus-persian-jird-mus-musculus-house-mice-and-cricetulus-migratorius-grey-hamster-a-cross-sectional-study-in-meshkin-shahr-district-northwest-iran
#1
Zabiholah Zarei, Mehdi Mohebali, Zahra Heidari, Jaber Davoodi, Afshin Shabestari, Afsaneh Motevalli Haghi, Khadijeh Khanaliha, Eshrat Beigom Kia
BACKGROUND: Rodents have important role as reservoirs of different parasites. The aim of this study was to determine helminth parasites of abundant rodents in Meshkin-Shahr, Ardabil Province northwest Iran. METHODS: From April 2014 to March 2015; 205 rodents including 118 Meriones persicus, 63 Mus musculus and 24 Cricetulus migratorius were collected, using live traps. All rodents were dissected and their different tissues examined for infectivity with helminth parasites...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089813/parasciadicleithrum-octofasciatum-n-gen-n-sp-monogenoidea-dactylogyridae-parasite-of-rocio-octofasciata-regan-cichlidae-perciformes-from-mexico-characterised-by-morphological-and-molecular-evidence
#2
Carlos A Mendoza-Palmero, Isabel Blasco-Costa, David Hernández-Mena, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
Based on an integrative taxonomic approach, combining morphological characters and partial sequences of the 28S rRNA gene, a new genus and species, Parasciadicleithrum octofasciatum, is proposed to accommodate dactylogyrids infecting the gills of Rocio octofasciata (Cichlidae) from a tributary of the Lacantún River basin, Chiapas State, southern Mexico. Morphologically, the new genus resembles members of Sciadicleithrum (Dactylogyridae) in the presence of membranes on the anterior margins of both ventral and dorsal haptoral bars...
January 13, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087492/multi-antibiotic-resistant-and-putative-virulence-gene-signatures-in-enterococcus-species-isolated-from-pig-farms-environment
#3
Abeni Beshiru, Isoken H Igbinosa, Faith I Omeje, Abraham G Ogofure, Martin M Eyong, Etinosa O Igbinosa
The continuous misuse of antimicrobials in food animals both orally and subcutaneously as therapeutic and prophylactic agents to bacterial infections could be detrimental and contribute to the dissemination of resistant clones in livestock production. The present study was carried out to determine the antibiogram and virulence gene characteristics of Enterococcus species from pig farms. A total of 300 faecal samples were obtained from two pig farms in Benin City between February and July 2016. Standard culture-based and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay were adopted in the detection and characterization of the Enterococcus species...
January 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073612/gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in-the-emergency-department-continued-need-for-more-focused-treatment-for-men-women-and-pregnant-women
#4
Sean P Wilson, Taher Vohra, McKenna Knych, Jared Goldberg, Christopher Price, Sean Calo, Meredith Mahan, Joseph Miller
INTRODUCTION: Delay in current nucleic acid amplification testing for Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis has led to recommendations for presumptive treatment in patients with concern for infection and unreliable follow-up. In the urban setting, it is assumed that many patients have unreliable follow-up, therefore presumptive therapy is thought to be used frequently. We sought to measure the frequency of disease and accuracy of presumptive treatment for these infections. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study performed at an urban academic Level 1 trauma center ED with an annual census of 95,000 visits per year...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065818/growth-retardation-induced-by-avian-leukosis-virus-subgroup-j-associated-with-down-regulated-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#5
Weiguo Feng, Defang Zhou, Wei Meng, Gen Li, Pingping Zhuang, Zhifang Pan, Guihua Wang, Ziqiang Cheng
Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J), an oncogenic retrovirus, induces growth retardation and neoplasia in chickens, leading to enormous economic losses in poultry industry. Increasing evidences showed several signal pathways involved in ALV-J infection. However, what signaling pathway involved in growth retardation is largely unknown. To explore the possible signaling pathway, we tested the cell proliferation and associated miRNAs in ALV-J infected CEF cells by CCK-8 and Hiseq, respectively. The results showed that cell proliferation was significantly inhibited by ALV-J and three associated miRNAs were identified to target Wnt/β-catenin pathway...
January 5, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039902/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-telbivudine-in-infants-born-to-mothers-treated-during-the-second-or-third-trimesters-of-pregnancy
#6
Guo-Rong Han, Hong-Xiu Jiang, Cui-Min Wang, Yi Ding, Gen-Ju Wang, Xin Yue, Liu Zhou, Wei Zhao
Telbivudine, an FDA pregnancy category B drug, has been found to reduce hepatitis B virus (HBV) perinatal transmission with no safety concerns in infants aged up to 1 year. This study evaluated the long-term efficacy and safety of telbivudine in 214 infants born to 210 pregnant women with chronic hepatitis B infection who were treated with telbivudine during pregnancy (weeks 20-32 of gestation). The infants were followed for up to 5 years after birth. The efficacy endpoint was the rate of perinatal transmission, which was established by HBsAg and HBV DNA levels at 7 and 12 months...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034667/adjunctive-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-in-severe-burns-experience-in-taiwan-formosa-water-park-dust-explosion-disaster
#7
I-Han Chiang, Shyi-Gen Chen, Kun-Lun Huang, Yu-Ching Chou, Niann-Tzyy Dai, Chung-Kan Peng
BACKGROUND: Despite major advances in therapeutic strategies for the management of patients with severe burns, significant morbidity and mortality is observed. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) increases the supply of oxygen to burn areas. The aim of this study was to determine whether HBOT is effective in the treatment of major thermal burns. METHODS: On June 27, 2015 in New Taipei, Taiwan, a mass casualty disaster occurred as fire erupted over a large crowd, injuring 499 people...
December 26, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011210/synergistic-antibacterial-effect-of-bi2s3-nanospheres-combined-with-ineffective-antibiotic-gentamicin-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#8
Lulu Ma, Jie Wu, Shilei Wang, Hao Yang, Donghui Liang, Zhong Lu
In this paper, Bi2S3 nanospheres with size of 212nm were prepared by a simple hydrothermal process. The selectively enhanced antibacterial effects of Bi2S3 nanospheres with three classes of ineffective antibiotics, β-lactam (cefuroxime, CXM; cefotaxime, CTX and piperacillin, PIP), quinolone (ciprofloxacin, CIP) and aminoglycoside (gentamicin, GEN) against clinical isolated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were investigated for the first time. GEN shows significantly synergistic growth inhibition against MRSA when combined with Bi2S3 nanospheres, while CXM, CTX, PIP and CIP do not...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995869/evaluation-of-xpert%C3%A2-mrsa-gen-3-and-bd-max%C3%A2-mrsa-xt-for-mrsa-screening-in-a-routine-diagnostic-setting-in-a-low-prevalence-area
#9
Xiaohui Chen Nielsen, Tina Vasehus Madsen, Jørgen Engberg
Screening and pre-emptive isolation of at-risk patients is an important aspect of the Danish approach to the prevention of MRSA infection, but screening with conventional culture can take up to th days for results to become available with attendant costs and disadvantages of prolonged isolation. We sought to evaluate the accuracy, time to availability of results, and potential economic benefits of two next generation MRSA screening assays, Xpert® MRSA Gen 3 and BD MAX™ MRSA XT, in a setting of a consolidated laboratory serving a number of hospitals with a low prevalence of MRSA, and using enrichment culture as a reference method...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993617/parahepatospora-carcini-n-gen-n-sp-a-parasite-of-invasive-carcinus-maenas-with-intermediate-features-of-sporogony-between-the-enterocytozoon-clade-and-other-microsporidia
#10
Jamie Bojko, Fraser Clark, David Bass, Alison M Dunn, Sarah Stewart-Clark, Paul D Stebbing, Grant D Stentiford
Parahepatospora carcini n. gen. n. sp., is a novel microsporidian parasite discovered infecting the cytoplasm of epithelial cells of the hepatopancreas of a single Carcinus maenas specimen. The crab was sampled from within its invasive range in Atlantic Canada (Nova Scotia). Histopathology and transmission electron microscopy were used to show the development of the parasite within a simple interfacial membrane, culminating in the formation of unikaryotic spores with 5-6 turns of an isofilar polar filament...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990331/wongia-gen-nov-papulosaceae-sordariomycetes-a-new-generic-name-for-two-root-infecting-fungi-from-australia
#11
Wanporn Khemmuk, Andrew D W Geering, Roger G Shivas
The classification of two root-infecting fungi, Magnaporthe garrettii and M. griffinii, was examined by phylogenetic analysis of multiple gene sequences. This analysis demonstrated that M. garrettii and M. griffinii were sister species that formed a well-supported separate clade in Papulosaceae (Diaporthomycetidae, Sordariomycetes), which clusters outside of the Magnaporthales. Wongia gen. nov, is established to accommodate these two species which are not closely related to other species classified in Magnaporthe nor to other genera, including Nakataea, Magnaporthiopsis and Pyricularia, which all now contain other species once classified in Magnaporthe...
December 2016: IMA Fungus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989862/characterization-of-a-novel-disease-resistance-gene-rtp3-and-its-association-with-vnn-disease-resistance-in-asian-seabass
#12
Peng Liu, Le Wang, Bao Qing Ye, Shuqing Huang, Sek-Man Wong, Gen Hua Yue
Asian seabass, an important food fish in Southeast Asia, has suffered from nervous necrosis virus (NNV) infection, resulting in massive mortality of Asian seabass larvae and enormous economic losses. Identification and characterization of disease resistance genes is important. Previous transcriptome analysis of Asians seabass epithelial cells after NNV infection revealed a highly inducible gene, receptor-transporting protein 3 (rtp3), indicating it could play an important role in Asian seabass - NNV interaction...
December 15, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987055/description-and-phylogeny-of-a-new-microsporidium-from-the-elm-leaf-beetle-xanthogaleruca-luteola-muller-1766-coleoptera-chrysomelidae
#13
Çağrı Bekircan, Ufuk Bülbül, Halil I Güler, James J Becnel
This study describes a new genus and species of microsporidia which is a pathogen of the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola Muller, 1776 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). The beetles were collected from Istanbul in Turkey. All developmental stages are uninucleate and in direct contact with the host cell cytoplasm. Giemsa-stained mature spores are oval in shape and measured 3.40 ± 0.37 μm in length and 1.63 ± 0.20 μm in width. These uninucleate spores have an isofilar polar filament with 11 turns...
December 16, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968847/bushenjianpi-formula-combined-with-entecavir-for-hbeag-negative-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Yue-Qiu Gao, Xin Zhang, Man Li, Zhen-Hua Zhou, Xue-Hua Sun, Xiao-Jun Zhu, Shu-Gen Jin
BACKGROUND: The treatment combination of traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine results in significant decrease of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and increase of HBeAg loss in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) without any serious adverse events. We aimed to assess whether the Bushenjianpi Formula combined with entecavir could increase the HBsAg loss rate in patients with HBeAg-negative CHB. METHODS: In this multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we recruited patients with HBeAg-negative CHB from ten third-level grade-A hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917361/il28b-genotype-is-associated-with-cirrhosis-or-transition-to-cirrhosis-in-treatment-naive-patients-with-chronic-hcv-genotype-1-infection-the-international-observational-gen-c-study
#15
Alessandra Mangia, Victor De Ledinghen, François Bailly, Javier Brahm, Jazeps Keiss, Jonas Valantinas, Nele Rasmann, Diethelm Messinger, Fernando Tatsch, Georgios Bakalos, Graham R Foster
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contradictory data exist on the association between host interleukin-28B (IL28B) rs12979860 genotype and liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). This large, international, observational study (NCT01675427/MV25600) investigated relationships between IL28B rs12979860 genotype and liver fibrosis stage in CHC patients. METHODS: A total of 3003 adult, treatment-naive CHC patients were enrolled into the study. Patients made one study visit to provide a blood sample for genotyping; other data were obtained from medical records...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917194/a-network-approach-of-gene-co-expression-in-the-zea-mays-aspergillus-flavus-pathosystem-to-map-host-pathogen-interaction-pathways
#16
Bryan M Musungu, Deepak Bhatnagar, Robert L Brown, Gary A Payne, Greg OBrian, Ahmad M Fakhoury, Matt Geisler
A gene co-expression network (GEN) was generated using a dual RNA-seq study with the fungal pathogen Aspergillus flavus and its plant host Zea mays during the initial 3 days of infection. The analysis deciphered novel pathways and mapped genes of interest in both organisms during the infection. This network revealed a high degree of connectivity in many of the previously recognized pathways in Z. mays such as jasmonic acid, ethylene, and reactive oxygen species (ROS). For the pathogen A. flavus, a link between aflatoxin production and vesicular transport was identified within the network...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912884/synergism-of-coumarins-from-the-chinese-drug-zanthoxylum-nitidum-with-antibacterial-agents-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa
#17
Guo-Ying Zuo, Chun-Juan Wang, Jun Han, Yu-Qing Li, Gen-Chun Wang
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) poses a serious therapeutic challenge in current clinic and new drug development. Natural coumarins have diverse bioactivities and the potential of resistance modifying effects. PURPOSE: This study is to present in-depth evaluations of in vitro antimicrobial activities of four natural coumarins 5-geranyloxy-7-methoxycoumarin (Gm, 1), (5,7-dimethoxy-8-prenyloxycoumarin (artanin, Ar, 2)), isopimpinellin (Is, 3) and phellopterin (Ph, 4) from Zanthoxylum nitidum (Roxb...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878749/the-combination-of-osthole-with-baicalin-protects-mice-from-staphylococcus-aureus-pneumonia
#18
Shui Liu, Bowen Liu, Zhao-Qing Luo, Jiaming Qiu, Xuan Zhou, Gen Li, Bing Zhang, Xuming Deng, Zhenguo Yang, Jianfeng Wang
We reported the inhibition of α-Hemolysin (Hla) production in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 by osthole and further investigated the combination of osthole and baicalin in the treatment of staphylococcal pneumonia. Using cytotoxicity assays and a mouse model of intranasal lung infection, we evaluated the effect of combined therapy. Our results suggest that the combination of osthole and baicalin alleviated S. aureus-mediated A549 cell injury and protected mice from S. aureus pneumonia.
January 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878618/effective-and-long-term-outcome-following-ligation-of-the-intersphincteric-fistula-tract-lift-for-transsphincteric-fistula
#19
Hong-Jin Chen, Gui-Dong Sun, Ping Zhu, Zai-Long Zhou, Yu-Gen Chen, Bo-Lin Yang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and long-term outcome of the ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) procedure for transsphincteric fistula-in-ano. METHODS: A total of 43 patients that were treated with LIFT procedure and had a follow-up time of more than 1 year were included. RESULTS: The median age was 37.18 years, and 32 (74.4%) of the patients were male. The median follow-up time was 26...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865295/serum-pepsinogen-levels-are-correlated-with-age-sex-and-the-level-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-healthy-individuals
#20
Rong-Gen Huang, Hua-Long Xiao, Bin Zhou, Xiao-Hua Song, Jue Zhang, Chun-Min Wang, Ye-Hua Jiang, Dao-Zhen Chen, Biao Huang
BACKGROUND: To explore the relationship between age, sex, the level of Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and serum pepsinogen (PG) in healthy people undergoing a medical examination. METHODS: A total of 6,596 "healthy" individuals undergoing a medical examination were selected as subjects in this study. The concentrations of serum pepsinogen I (PGI) and serum pepsinogen II (PGII) were tested for each of the subjects using time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay characterized with high sensitivity and wide measuring range...
November 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
keyword
keyword
68153
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"