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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820952/adult-intelligence-the-construct-and-the-criterion-problem
#1
Phillip L Ackerman
Over 100 years have passed since Binet and Simon proposed scales for assessment of intelligence of children to predict academic success and failure. The extension of these assessments to adults largely resulted from efforts of psychologists to provide insights for military selection in World War I. At the time, relatively little thought was given to how adult intelligence might differ from child and adolescent intelligence. Traditional approaches for assessing adult intelligence have largely survived. However, there is little reference to adult intellectual functioning outside of laboratory-based tasks and clinical assessments of pathology...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820839/smaller-diameter-anastomotic-coupling-devices-have-higher-rates-of-venous-thrombosis-in-microvascular-free-tissue-transfer
#2
Summer E Hanson, Matthew B Mitchell, Nihanth Palivela, S Andrew Peng, Lei Feng, Rene D Largo, Charles E Butler, Patrick B Garvey
BACKGROUND: Smaller anastomotic coupling devices may increase the risk of complications in free flap reconstructions; however, the relationship between coupler size and venous thrombosis rates has not been adequately evaluated. We hypothesized that smaller-diameter coupling devices are associated with higher rates of venous thrombosis than larger diameter devices in free tissue transfer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data prospectively entered into a central departmental database for all patients who underwent microsurgical free tissue transfer at our institution in 2001-2013...
August 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820835/simultaneous-stiles-bunnell-tendon-transfer-enhances-intrinsic-function-of-the-second-toe-transplantations
#3
Yu-Te Lin, Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Shwu-Huei Lien, Chih-Hung Lin, Fu-Chan Wei
Claw finger is sequelae of fingers without intrinsic function. Claw toe deformity is common after toe transfers as simultaneous intrinsic reconstruction has yet to be reported in the literature. We present our experience of simultaneous tendon transfers during the second toe transplantation. Seven 2nd toe transfers were performed in 5 metacarpal-like and metacarpal hands. The Stiles-Bunnell tendon transfer was incorporated into toe transfers. Toe lumbrical tendons were repaired to the Flexor Digitorum Sublimis of the same recipient digit...
August 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820834/super-thin-scip-flap-for-reconstruction-of-subungual-melanoma-aesthetic-functional-surgery
#4
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Bo Young Park, Eun-Ji Kim, Jung-Han Kim, Kee-Taek Jang, Sang-Hee Choi, Dong-Youn Lee, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to use a super-thin, free superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) flap in the functional surgery for treating subungual melanoma and to evaluate its outcomes. METHODS: Forty-one patients with primary subungual melanoma of ≤ 2-mm thickness who were treated with functional surgery were prospectively enrolled. Following oncologic resection, a thin SCIP flap was harvested along the trans-superficial fat layer and transferred to the defect with further thinning by primary defatting...
August 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820743/sleep-apnea-a-review-of-diagnostic-sensors-algorithms-and-therapies
#5
Mehdi Shokoueinejad, Chris Fernandez, Emily Carroll, Fa Wang, Jake Levin, Sam Rusk, Nick Glattard, Ashley Mulchrone, Xuan Zhang, Ailiang Xie, Mihaela Teodorescu, Jerome Dempsey, John Webster
While public awareness of sleep related disorders is growing, sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) remains a public health and economic challenge. Over the last two decades, extensive controlled epidemiologic research has clarified the incidence, risk factors including the obesity epidemic, and global prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), as well as establishing a growing body of literature linking OSA with cardiovascular morbidity, mortality, metabolic dysregulation, and neurocognitive impairment. The US Institute of Medicine Committee on Sleep Medicine estimates that 50-70 million US adults have sleep or wakefulness disorders...
August 18, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820724/neurologic-complications-in-persons-with-hiv-infection-in-the-era-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#6
Dennis Kolson
Neurologic complications in persons with HIV infection are less severe in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy but remain highly prevalent. Prior to the use of antiretroviral therapy, opportunistic infections of the central nervous system (CNS) and CNS malignancy were common. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), however, remains a diagnostic challenge in HIV-infected individuals, and no effective antiviral treatment for PML is currently available. Primary neurologic complications of acute HIV infection include aseptic meningitis and acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy...
July 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820718/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-rural-health-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ethiopia-kenya-mozambique-rwanda-uganda-and-zambia
#7
Amy Guo, J Michael Bowling, Jamie Bartram, Georgia Kayser
Safe and sufficient water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) prevent the spread of disease in health-care facilities (HCFs). Little research has been conducted on WaSH in HCF in sub-Saharan Africa. We carried out a cross-sectional study of WaSH in 1,318 randomly selected rural HCF (hospitals, health centers, health posts, and clinics) in regions throughout Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. Methods included questionnaires with head doctors and nurses to document WaSH access, continuity, quality, quantity and reliability, and analysis of drinking water samples for Escherichia coli...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820692/following-the-worms-detection-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-eggs-on-mothers-hands-and-household-produce-in-rural-kenya
#8
Lauren Steinbaum, Jenna Swarthout, John Mboya, Amy J Pickering
Approximately one-quarter of the world's population is infected with at least one species of soil-transmitted helminth (STH). The role of produce and hands in STH transmission is not well understood. We collected and processed mother hand rinse and garden-grown produce rinse samples from 116 rural households in Kakamega, Kenya, in an area previously identified to have high STH egg contamination in household soil. Ascaris was the only STH species detected; 0.9% of hand rinse, 3.5% of leafy produce, and 1.8% of root produce samples had Ascaris eggs...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820690/scaling-up-of-an-innovative-intervention-to-reduce-risk-of-dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-transmission-in-uruguay-in-the-framework-of-an-intersectoral-approach-with-and-without-community-participation
#9
César Basso, Elsa García da Rosa, Rosario Lairihoy, Ruben M Caffera, Ingrid Roche, Cristina González, Ricardo da Rosa, Alexis Gularte, Eduardo Alfonso-Sierra, Max Petzold, Axel Kroeger, Johannes Sommerfeld
To contribute to the prevention of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, a process of scaling up an innovative intervention to reduce Aedes aegypti habitats, was carried out in the city of Salto (Uruguay) based on a transdisciplinary analysis of the eco-bio-social determinants. The intervention in one-third of the city included the distributions of plastic bags for all households to collect all discarded water containers that were recollected by the Ministry of Health and the Municipality vector control services. The results were evaluated in 20 randomly assigned clusters of 100 households each, in the intervention and control arm...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820664/association-of-socioeconomic-status-with-consumption-of-cigarettes-illicit-drugs-and-alcohol
#10
Maryam Marzban, Maryam Hadji, Mahin Gholipour, Hamideh Rashidian, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Jafar Hasanzadeh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Reza Ghiasvand, Abdolvahab Moradi, Hossein Khavari-Daneshvar, Elisabete Weiderpass, Farin Kamangar, Kazem Zendehdel
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Socioeconomic Status (SES) is considered as one of the important factors associated with use of various drugs. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of SES on cigarette smoking, alcohol use, drug use, and passive exposure to opium and cigarette smoke. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, which is part of a multicenter case-control study, the research hypothesis was checked among controls who had referred to hospitals. Data were collected through a questionnaire and laboratory tests to determine the actual consumers of opium and other illicit drugs...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820593/structure-of-dynamic-taxol-stabilized-and-gmppcp-stabilized-microtubule
#11
Avi Ginsburg, Asaf Shemesh, Abigail Millgram, Raviv Dharan, Yael Levi-Kalisman, Israel Ringel, Uri Raviv
Microtubule (MT) is made of αβ-tubulin heterodimers that dynamically assemble into a hollow nanotube composed of straight protofilaments. MT dynamics is facilitated by hydrolysis of guanosine-5'-triphosphate (GTP) and can be inhibited by either anticancer agents like taxol or by the non-hydrolyzable GTP analogues like GMPPCP. Using high-resolution synchrotron X-ray scattering, we have measured and analyzed the scattering curves from solutions of dynamic MT (in other words, in the presence of excess GTP and free of dynamic-inhibiting agents) and examined the effect of two MT stabilizers: taxol and GMPPCP...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820570/engineering-of-micro-to-nano-structured-3d-printed-drug-releasing-titanium-implants-for-enhanced-osseointegration-and-localized-delivery-of-anticancer-drugs
#12
Shaheer Maher, Gagandeep Kaur, Luis Lima-Marques, Andreas Evdokiou, Dusan Losic
Primary and secondary bone cancers are major causes of pathological bone fractures and their treatment through implant fixation and conventional chemotherapy has many limitations. These implants may suffer from poor osseointegration and their rejection is causing repeated surgery, patient's suffering and extensive expenses. On the other hand, there are severe systemic adverse effects of toxic chemotherapeutics administrated using conventional drug delivery. In this paper to address these two problems we present new type of localized drug-releasing titanium implants with enhanced implants' bio-integration and drug release capabilities that could provide high concentration of toxic anticancer drugs locally to treat bone cancers...
August 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820524/patterns-of-hand-grip-strength-and-detection-of-strength-loss-in-patients-undergoing-bone-marrow-transplantation-a-feasibility-study
#13
Cindy A Sayre, Basia Belza, Kathleen Shannon Dorcy, Elizabeth Phelan, JoAnne D Whitney
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of measuring hand grip strength (HGS) daily in a population of recipients of bone marrow transplantation (BMT), to describe changes in strength measured by HGS, and to describe relationships between laboratory values (hematocrit, hemoglobin, and absolute neutrophil count) and HGS.
. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures, within subject.
. SETTING: Inpatient units at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820454/personal-hygiene-practices-among-urban-homeless-persons-in-boston-ma
#14
Jessica H Leibler, Daniel D Nguyen, Casey León, Jessie M Gaeta, Debora Perez
Persons experiencing homelessness in the United States experience significant barriers to self-care and personal hygiene, including limited access to clean showers, laundry and hand washing facilities. While the obstacles to personal hygiene associated with homelessness may increase risk of infectious disease, hygiene-related behaviors among people experiencing homelessness has received limited attention. We conducted a cross-sectional study of individuals experiencing homelessness in Boston, MA (n = 194) to identify hygiene-related self-care practices and risk factors for reduced hygiene in this population...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820294/k-deficiency-caused-defects-in-renal-tubular-cell-proliferation-oxidative-stress-response-tissue-repair-and-tight-junction-integrity-but-enhanced-energy-production-proteasome-function-and-cellular-k-uptake
#15
Chompunoot Kapincharanon, Visith Thongboonkerd
Hypokalemia is a common electrolyte disorder in hospitalized patients and those with chronic diseases and is associated with renal tubular injury. Our recent expression proteomics study revealed changes in levels of several proteins in renal tubular cells during K(+) deficiency. However, functional significance and mechanisms underlying such changes remained unclear. The present study, thus, aimed to investigate functional changes of renal tubular cells induced by K(+) deficiency. MDCK cells were maintained in normal-K(+) (ANK; [K(+)] = 5...
August 18, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820165/extraocular-needle-guided-haptic-insertion-technique-of-scleral-fixation-intraocular-lens-surgeries-x-nit
#16
Prabu Baskaran, Pratyusha Ganne, Sahil Bhandari, Seema Ramakrishnan, Rengaraj Venkatesh, Prashant Gireesh
The most challenging step in sutureless scleral fixation of intraocular lens (SFIOL) is exteriorization of haptics. The conventional handshake technique has a learning curve since it involves intraocular handing over of haptics from one forceps to another. Here, we describe "extraocular needle-guided haptic insertion technique" (X-NIT), a novel technique of exteriorizing haptics that totally eliminates intraocular manipulations. This method involves sequential introduction of two bent 26-gauge needles through the sclera (pars plicata zone) into the eye which are brought out through a sclerocorneal wound...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820061/renin-angiotensin-system-and-cytokines-in-chronic-kidney-disease-clinical-and-experimental-evidence
#17
Ariadna Andrade Saldanha Silva, Beranardo Bahia Finotti, Amanda Oliveira Lauar, Thiago Ruiz Rodrigues Prestes, Ana Cristina Simões E Silva
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a major public health problem in Brazil and worldwide. There are many causes of CKD, being the congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract and the glomerular diseases very common in pediatric patients, while diabetic nephropathy, CKD due to chronic arterial hypertension and glomerular diseases are predominant in adult patients. Many endogenous mediators have been related to the pathophysiology of CKD, being relevant the effects of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the immune-inflammatory mediators including cytokines...
August 18, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820008/radioscapholunate-fusion-with-triquetrum-and-distal-pole-of-scaphoid-excision-long-term-follow-up
#18
Ngoc B Ha, Joideep Phadnis, Simon B M MacLean, Gregory I Bain
The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term outcomes of radioscapholunate fusion, with and without distal pole of scaphoid excision and excision of the triquetrum. These compromised three operative groups. Seventeen patients were identified with a minimum of 10 years follow-up, with a mean of 15 years (range 10-19). Fifteen of the 17 patients were satisfied with their outcome. Two were converted to total wrist fusion. The mean outcomes scores were; pain visual analogue scale score 2.1/10, Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand 29 and Modified Mayo Wrist score 60...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819882/novel-immunotherapies-for-multiple-myeloma
#19
REVIEW
Mattia D'Agostino, Mario Boccadoro, Eric L Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The treatment landscape of multiple myeloma is rapidly changing; however, despite improvement in patients' survival, it still remains a largely incurable disease. One hallmark of myeloma is substantial immune dysfunction leading to an increased infection rate and the inability of immune surveillance to detect neoplastic cells. Here, we critically analyze clinical approaches to harness the immune system to overcome this defect with a focus on antibody based and adoptive cellular therapies...
August 18, 2017: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819832/protective-role-of-humic-acids-against-picloram-induced-genomic-instability-and-dna-methylation-in-phaseolus-vulgaris
#20
Mahmut Sinan Taspinar, Murat Aydin, Burcu Sigmaz, Nalan Yildirim, Guleray Agar
Picloram (4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid) is a liquid auxinic herbicide used to control broad-leaved weeds. Picloram is representing a possible hazard to ecosystems and human health. Therefore, in this study, DNA methylation changes and DNA damage levels in Phaseolus vulgaris exposed to picloram, as well as whether humic acid (HA) has preventive effects on these changes were investigated. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) techniques were used for identification of DNA damage and coupled restriction enzyme digestion-random amplification (CRED-RA) techniques were used to detect the changed pattern of DNA methylation...
August 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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