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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886158/recanalization-and-rupture-after-intracranial-aneurysm-treatment
#1
Emmanuel Costa, Geraldo R Vaz, Patrice Finet, Pierre Goffette, Marie A Docquier, Christian Raftopoulos
BACKGROUND: Treatment of intra cranial aneurysm (ICA) can sometimes required several procedures. The aim of this study is to analyze the risk of recanalization and rupture recurrence after ICA treatment by endovascular coiling (EVC) or surgical clipping (SC) on a very long follow-up. METHODS: Clinical data of 373 consecutive patients treated in our group between January 1996 and December 2006 as well by EVC as by SC for ruptured (RIA) or unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA), were reviewed...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751531/the-anatomy-of-non-conscious-recognition-memory
#2
Clive R Rosenthal, David Soto
Cortical regions as early as primary visual cortex have been implicated in recognition memory. Here, we outline the challenges that this presents for neurobiological accounts of recognition memory. We conclude that understanding the role of early visual cortex (EVC) in this process will require the use of protocols that mask stimuli from visual awareness.
October 14, 2016: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717584/parkinson-s-disease-snca-park2-and-lrrk2-targeting-micrornas-elevated-in-cingulate-gyrus
#3
Roman Tatura, Theo Kraus, Armin Giese, Thomas Arzberger, Malte Buchholz, Günter Höglinger, Ulrich Müller
INTRODUCTION: In order to better understand the role of epigenetic influences in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD), we studied the expression of microRNAs in gyri cinguli of patients and controls. METHODS: Expression profiling of 744 well-characterized microRNAs in gyri cinguli from patients and controls using TaqMan array microRNA cards. Verification of significantly dysregulated microRNAs by SYBR Green qRT-PCR. RESULTS: First screen by TaqMan array identified 43 microRNAs that were upregulated in gyri cinguli from patients...
September 28, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669989/dorsal-anterior-cingulate-cortex-and-the-value-of-control
#4
Amitai Shenhav, Jonathan D Cohen, Matthew M Botvinick
Debates over the function(s) of dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) have persisted for decades. So too have demonstrations of the region's association with cognitive control. Researchers have struggled to account for this association and, simultaneously, dACC's involvement in phenomena related to evaluation and motivation. We describe a recent integrative theory that achieves this goal. It proposes that dACC serves to specify the currently optimal allocation of control by determining the overall expected value of control (EVC), thereby licensing the associated cognitive effort...
September 27, 2016: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630393/effects-of-lumbopelvic-sling-and-abdominal-drawing-in-exercises-on-lung-capacity-in-healthy-adults
#5
Myoung-Kwon Kim, Hyun-Gyu Cha, Young-Jun Shin
[Purpose] To examine the effects of lumbopelvic sling and abdominal drawing-in exercises on the lung capacities of healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-nine healthy subjects with no orthopedic history of the back were recruited. Subjects were randomly assigned to a experimental group and control group. Subjects were allocated to one of two groups; an experimental group that underwent lumbopelvic sling and abdominal drawing-in exercises and a control group that underwent treadmill and abdominal drawing-in exercises...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623824/efficiency-of-lung-ventilation-for-people-performing-wind-instruments
#6
Anna Brzęk, Anna Famuła, Anna Kowalczyk, Ryszard Plinta
BACKGROUND: Wind instruments musicians are particularly prone to excessive respiratory efforts. Prolonged wind instruments performing may lead to changes in respiratory tracts and thus to respiratory muscles overload. It may result in decreasing lung tissue pliability and, as a consequence, in emphysema. Aim of the research has been to describe basic spirometric parameters for wind players and causes of potential changes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Slow and forced spirometry with the use of Micro Lab Viasys (Micro Medical, Great Britain) was conducted on 31 wind musicians (group A)...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605155/massively-parallel-sequencing-of-customised-forensically-informative-snp-panels-on-the-miseq
#7
Bhavik Mehta, Runa Daniel, Chris Phillips, Stephen Doyle, Gareth Elvidge, Dennis McNevin
Forensic DNA based intelligence, or Forensic DNA Phenotyping (FDP), utilises single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to infer the biogeographical ancestry (BGA) and externally visible characteristics (EVCs) of the donor of evidential material. SNaPshot(®) is a commonly employed forensic SNP genotyping technique which is limited to multiplexes of 30-40 SNPs in a single reaction and prone to PCR contamination. Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) has the ability to genotype hundreds of SNPs in multiple samples simultaneously by employing an oligonucleotide sample barcoding strategy...
September 8, 2016: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518177/trauma-exposure-and-ptsd-symptoms-associate-with-violence-in-inner-city-civilians
#8
Cynthia Gillikin, Leah Habib, Mark Evces, Bekh Bradley, Kerry J Ressler, Jeff Sanders
Understanding whether a history of psychological trauma is associated with perpetrating aggressive and violent behavior is of critical importance to public health. This relationship is especially important to study within urban areas where violence is prevalent. In this paper we examined whether a history of trauma or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in inner city civilians was associated with violent behavior. Data were collected from over 1900 primary care patients at Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia...
December 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390425/effects-of-stretching-the-scalene-muscles-on-slow-vital-capacity
#9
Juncheol Lee, Sehee Hwang, Seungim Han, Dongwook Han
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine whether stretching of the scalene muscles would improve slow vital capacity (SVC). [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 20 healthy female students to whom the study's methods and purpose were explained and their agreement for participation was obtained. The SVC was measured using spirometry (Pony FX, COSMED Inc., Italy). The intervention used was stretching of the scalene muscles. Stretching was carried out for 15 min, 10 times at per each portion of scalene muscles: the anterior, middle, and posterior parts...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325544/oral-and-craniofacial-manifestations-of-ellis-van-creveld-syndrome-case-series
#10
Elif Bahar Tuna, Mine Koruyucu, Esma Kürklü, Muhsin Çifter, Koray Gençay, Figen Seymen, Beyhan Tüysüz
PURPOSE: The objective of this case series was to determine the oral, dental and craniofacial features of patients with EvC syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight patients with EvC syndrome were enrolled. A complete family history, pedigree analysis, detailed medical history were collected. Findings of clinical examination, including craniofacial and orodental manifestations, and radiological investigations were thoroughly studied. RESULTS: All eight patients had characteristic face, hypertrophic frenulum, conical and peg-shaped teeth, hypodontia of deciduous and/or permanent teeth and also skeletal dysplasia, small chest, short stature and hypoplastic nails...
August 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242455/functional-mri-representational-similarity-analysis-reveals-a-dissociation-between-discriminative-and-relative-location-information-in-the-human-visual-system
#11
Zvi N Roth
Neural responses in visual cortex are governed by a topographic mapping from retinal locations to cortical responses. Moreover, at the voxel population level early visual cortex (EVC) activity enables accurate decoding of stimuli locations. However, in many cases information enabling one to discriminate between locations (i.e., discriminative information) may be less relevant than information regarding the relative location of two objects (i.e., relative information). For example, when planning to grab a cup, determining whether the cup is located at the same retinal location as the hand is hardly relevant, whereas the location of the cup relative to the hand is crucial for performing the action...
2016: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222382/connectivity-reveals-sources-of-predictive-coding-signals-in-early-visual-cortex-during-processing-of-visual-optic-flow
#12
Andreas Schindler, Andreas Bartels
Superimposed on the visual feed-forward pathway, feedback connections convey higher level information to cortical areas lower in the hierarchy. A prominent framework for these connections is the theory of predictive coding where high-level areas send stimulus interpretations to lower level areas that compare them with sensory input. Along these lines, a growing body of neuroimaging studies shows that predictable stimuli lead to reduced blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) responses compared with matched nonpredictable counterparts, especially in early visual cortex (EVC) including areas V1-V3...
May 24, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199711/more-than-meets-the-eye-the-merging-of-perceptual-and-conceptual-knowledge-in-the-anterior-temporal-face-area
#13
Jessica A Collins, Jessica E Koski, Ingrid R Olson
An emerging body of research has supported the existence of a small face sensitive region in the ventral anterior temporal lobe (ATL), referred to here as the "anterior temporal face area". The contribution of this region in the greater face-processing network remains poorly understood. The goal of the present study was to test the relative sensitivity of this region to perceptual as well as conceptual information about people and objects. We contrasted the sensitivity of this region to that of two highly-studied face-sensitive regions, the fusiform face area (FFA) and the occipital face area (OFA), as well as a control region in early visual cortex (EVC)...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197107/-evolution-of-the-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-epidemia-in-insured-population-at-the-imss
#14
María Eugenia Velasco-Contreras
BACKGROUND: The global increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is requiering higher demands in health institutions; It is a global emergency because of overspending that threaten social security, and kidney complications and cardiovascular damage, which affects millions enfermos.1 The aim of this work is to characterize the epidemic of T2DM with metabolic syndrome and define the institutional response containment-control universal educational interventions healthy lifestyles to prevent premature death and disability from ischemic heart disease (IHD), cerebrovascular disease (CVD), end stage renal disease ( IRT), blindness and amputations...
July 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189766/primary-closure-after-carotid-endarterectomy-is-not-inferior-to-other-closure-techniques
#15
Efthymios D Avgerinos, Rabih A Chaer, Abdallah Naddaf, Omar M El-Shazly, Luke Marone, Michel S Makaroun
OBJECTIVE: Primary closure after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been much maligned as an inferior technique with worse outcomes than in patch closure. Our purpose was to compare perioperative and long-term results of different CEA closure techniques in a large institutional experience. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of CEAs between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2010, was retrospectively analyzed. Closure technique was used to divide patients into three groups: primary longitudinal arteriotomy closure (PRC), patch closure (PAC), and eversion closure (EVC)...
September 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090777/ellis-van-creveld2-is-required-for-postnatal-craniofacial-bone-development
#16
Mohammed K Badri, Honghao Zhang, Yoshio Ohyama, Sundharamani Venkitapathi, Nobuhiro Kamiya, Haruko Takeda, Manas Ray, Greg Scott, Takehito Tsuji, Tetsuo Kunieda, Yuji Mishina, Yoshiyuki Mochida
Ellis-van Creveld (EvC) syndrome is a genetic disorder with mutations in either EVC or EVC2 gene. Previous case studies reported that EvC patients underwent orthodontic treatment, suggesting the presence of craniofacial bone phenotypes. To investigate whether a mutation in EVC2 gene causes a craniofacial bone phenotype, Evc2 knockout (KO) mice were generated and cephalometric analysis was performed. The heads of wild type (WT), heterozygous (Het) and homozygous Evc2 KO mice (1-, 3-, and 6-week-old) were prepared and cephalometric analysis based on the selected reference points on lateral X-ray radiographs was performed...
August 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27076836/ellis-van-creveld-syndrome-with-unusual-oral-and-dental-findings-a-rare-clinical-entity
#17
Sameeulla Shaik, Jayam Raviraj, Suresh Dirasantchu, Suman S Venkata
Ellis-van Creveld (EVC) syndrome, a form of skeletal and chondroectodermal dysplasia, is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a tetrad of disproportionate dwarfism, postaxial polydactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, and heart defects. In the present article, we hereby present a case of a 13-year-old girl of Indian ethnicity with EVC syndrome with a remarkable number of classical oral and dental features, with unusual findings such as taurodontism and talons cusp. Such dental findings were reported in few cases only...
March 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030766/effective-connectivity-from-early-visual-cortex-to-posterior-occipitotemporal-face-areas-supports-face-selectivity-and-predicts-developmental-prosopagnosia
#18
Michael Lohse, Lucia Garrido, Jon Driver, Raymond J Dolan, Bradley C Duchaine, Nicholas Furl
UNLABELLED: Face processing is mediated by interactions between functional areas in the occipital and temporal lobe, and the fusiform face area (FFA) and anterior temporal lobe play key roles in the recognition of facial identity. Individuals with developmental prosopagnosia (DP), a lifelong face recognition impairment, have been shown to have structural and functional neuronal alterations in these areas. The present study investigated how face selectivity is generated in participants with normal face processing, and how functional abnormalities associated with DP, arise as a function of network connectivity...
March 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26978565/routine-pediatric-enterovirus-71-vaccination-in-china-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#19
Joseph T Wu, Mark Jit, Yaming Zheng, Kathy Leung, Weijia Xing, Juan Yang, Qiaohong Liao, Benjamin J Cowling, Bingyi Yang, Eric H Y Lau, Saki Takahashi, Jeremy J Farrar, Bryan T Grenfell, Gabriel M Leung, Hongjie Yu
BACKGROUND: China accounted for 87% (9.8 million/11.3 million) of all hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) cases reported to WHO during 2010-2014. Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is responsible for most of the severe HFMD cases. Three EV71 vaccines recently demonstrated good efficacy in children aged 6-71 mo. Here we assessed the cost-effectiveness of routine pediatric EV71 vaccination in China. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We characterized the economic and health burden of EV71-associated HFMD (EV71-HFMD) in China using (i) the national surveillance database, (ii) virological surveillance records from all provinces, and (iii) a caregiver survey on the household costs and health utility loss for 1,787 laboratory-confirmed pediatric cases...
March 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915331/functional-integration-of-the-posterior-superior-temporal-sulcus-correlates-with-facial-expression-recognition
#20
Xu Wang, Yiying Song, Zonglei Zhen, Jia Liu
Face perception is essential for daily and social activities. Neuroimaging studies have revealed a distributed face network (FN) consisting of multiple regions that exhibit preferential responses to invariant or changeable facial information. However, our understanding about how these regions work collaboratively to facilitate facial information processing is limited. Here, we focused on changeable facial information processing, and investigated how the functional integration of the FN is related to the performance of facial expression recognition...
May 2016: Human Brain Mapping
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