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Diagrams and Visualization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796770/what-is-the-relationship-between-visual-impairment-and-cognitive-function-in-octogenarians
#1
Denise S de Kok, Ruth O Teh, Avinesh Pillai, Martin J Connolly, Tim J Wilkinson, Simon A Moyes, Robert Jacobs, Marama Muru-Lanning, Anna Rolleston, Dieuwke Schiphof, Ngaire Kerse
AIMS: To examine direct and indirect pathways between visual and cognitive function in advanced age. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional baseline data from Life and Living in Advanced Age: A Cohort Study in New Zealand, which recruited equal sample sizes of Māori (n=421) and non-Māori (n=516) octogenarians. The Modified Mini-Mental State Examination assessed cognitive function. Vision was assessed with self-report and measured distance visual acuity. Associations between visual and cognitive function were explored using general linear models and structural equation modelling...
August 11, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789690/first-year-medical-students-learning-style-preferences-and-their-correlation-with-performance-in-different-subjects-within-the-medical-course
#2
Daniel Hernández-Torrano, Syed Ali, Chee-Kai Chan
BACKGROUND: Students commencing their medical training arrive with different educational backgrounds and a diverse range of learning experiences. Consequently, students would have developed preferred approaches to acquiring and processing information or learning style preferences. Understanding first-year students' learning style preferences is important to success in learning. However, little is understood about how learning styles impact learning and performance across different subjects within the medical curriculum...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783447/topological-relations-between-objects-are-categorically-coded
#3
Andrew Lovett, Steven L Franconeri
How do individuals compare images-for example, two graphs or diagrams-to identify differences between them? We argue that categorical relations between objects play a critical role. These relations divide continuous space into discrete categories, such as "above" and "below," or "containing" and "overlapping," which are remembered and compared more easily than precise metric values. These relations should lead to categorical perception, such that viewers find it easier to notice a change that crosses a category boundary (one object is now above, rather than below, another, or now contains, rather than overlaps with, another) than a change of equal magnitude that does not cross a boundary...
August 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759655/synthesis-and-thermodynamic-properties-of-arsenate-and-sulfate-arsenate-ettringite-structure-phases
#4
Weixing Wang, Yan Shao, Haobo Hou, Min Zhou
Arsenic is a toxic and carcinogenic contaminant of potential concern. Ettringite [Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12·26H2O] has the ability to incorporate oxyanions as a solid solution with SO42-, which could lower the soluble oxyanion concentrations. Therefore, ettringite containing SO42- and AsO43- has been synthesized. Results indicated that AsO43- could substitute for SO42- inside the channels of ettringite in the form of HAsO42-, and a linear correlation existed between Xinitial solution and Xsolid. The thermodynamic characterization of the solid samples was investigated by means of Visual MINTEQ, a freeware chemical equilibrium model, and the solubility product logK of -48...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738824/visibiome-an-efficient-microbiome-search-engine-based-on-a-scalable-distributed-architecture
#5
Syafiq Kamarul Azman, Muhammad Zohaib Anwar, Andreas Henschel
BACKGROUND: Given the current influx of 16S rRNA profiles of microbiota samples, it is conceivable that large amounts of them eventually are available for search, comparison and contextualization with respect to novel samples. This process facilitates the identification of similar compositional features in microbiota elsewhere and therefore can help to understand driving factors for microbial community assembly. RESULTS: We present Visibiome, a microbiome search engine that can perform exhaustive, phylogeny based similarity search and contextualization of user-provided samples against a comprehensive dataset of 16S rRNA profiles environments, while tackling several computational challenges...
July 24, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732642/performance-of-the-phonatory-deviation-diagram-in-the-evaluation-of-rough-and-breathy-synthesized-voices
#6
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Jonas Almeida de Freitas, Anna Alice Almeida, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Giorvan Ânderson Dos Santos Alves
INTRODUCTION: Voice disorders alter the sound signal in several ways, combining several types of vocal emission disturbances and noise. The Phonatory Deviation Diagram (PDD) is a two-dimensional chart that allows the evaluation of the vocal signal based on the combination of periodicity (jitter, shimmer, and correlation coefficient) and noise (Glottal to Noise Excitation - GNE) measurements. The use of synthesized signals, where one has a greater control and knowledge of the production conditions, may allow a better understanding of the physiological and acoustic mechanisms underlying the vocal emission and its main perceptual-auditory correlates regarding the intensity of the deviation and types of vocal quality...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718788/implementation-of-an-imu-aided-image-stacking-algorithm-in-a-digital-camera-for-unmanned-aerial-vehicles
#7
Ahmad Audi, Marc Pierrot-Deseilligny, Christophe Meynard, Christian Thom
Images acquired with a long exposure time using a camera embedded on UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) exhibit motion blur due to the erratic movements of the UAV. The aim of the present work is to be able to acquire several images with a short exposure time and use an image processing algorithm to produce a stacked image with an equivalent long exposure time. Our method is based on the feature point image registration technique. The algorithm is implemented on the light-weight IGN (Institut national de l'information géographique) camera, which has an IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) sensor and an SoC (System on Chip)/FPGA (Field-Programmable Gate Array)...
July 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713213/secondary-motion-in-three-dimensional-branching-networks
#8
Abhijit Guha, Kaustav Pradhan
A major aim of the present work is to understand and thoroughly document the generation, the three-dimensional distribution, and the evolution of the secondary motion as the fluid progresses downstream through a branched network. Six generations (G0-G5) of branches (involving 63 straight portions and 31 bifurcation modules) are computed in one go; such computational challenges are rarely taken in the literature. More than 30 × 10(6) computational elements are employed for high precision of computed results and fine quality of the flow visualization diagrams...
June 2017: Physics of Fluids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700926/the-energetics-of-chromophore-binding-in-the-visual-photoreceptor-rhodopsin
#9
He Tian, Thomas P Sakmar, Thomas Huber
The visual photoreceptor rhodopsin is a prototypical G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that stabilizes its inverse agonist ligand, 11-cis-retinal (11CR), by a covalent, protonated Schiff base linkage. In the visual dark adaptation, the fundamental molecular event after photobleaching of rhodopsin is the recombination reaction between its apoprotein opsin and 11CR. Here we present a detailed analysis of the kinetics and thermodynamics of this reaction, also known as the "regeneration reaction". We compared the regeneration of purified rhodopsin reconstituted into phospholipid/detergent bicelles with rhodopsin reconstituted into detergent micelles...
July 11, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685035/initiating-a-participatory-action-research-process-in-the-agincourt-health-and-socio-demographic-surveillance-site
#10
Oghenebrume Wariri, Lucia D'Ambruoso, Rhian Twine, Sizzy Ngobeni, Maria van der Merwe, Barry Spies, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen Tollman, Ryan G Wagner, Peter Byass
BACKGROUND: Despite progressive health policy, disease burdens in South Africa remain patterned by deeply entrenched social inequalities. Accounting for the relationships between context, health and risk can provide important information for equitable service delivery. The aims of the research were to initiate a participatory research process with communities in a low income setting and produce evidence of practical relevance. METHODS: We initiated a participatory action research (PAR) process in the Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance site (HDSS) in rural north-east South Africa...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680265/rapanet-a-web-tool-for-the-co-expression-analysis-of-brassica-rapa-genes
#11
Jiye Kim, Kyong Mi Jun, Joung Sug Kim, Songhwa Chae, Yoon-Mok Pahk, Tae-Ho Lee, Soo-In Sohn, Soo In Lee, Myung-Ho Lim, Chang-Kug Kim, Yoonkang Hur, Baek Hie Nahm, Yeon-Ki Kim
Accumulated microarray data are used for assessing gene function by providing statistical values for co-expressed genes; however, only a limited number of Web tools are available for analyzing the co-expression of genes of Brassica rapa. We have developed a Web tool called RapaNet (http://bioinfo.mju.ac.kr/arraynet/brassica300k/query/), which is based on a data set of 143 B rapa microarrays compiled from various organs and at different developmental stages during exposure to biotic or abiotic stress. RapaNet visualizes correlated gene expression information via correlational networks and phylogenetic trees using Pearson correlation coefficient (r)...
2017: Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649585/data-on-the-genome-wide-identification-of-cnl-r-genes-in-setaria-italica-l-p-beauv
#12
Ethan J Andersen, Madhav P Nepal
We report data associated with the identification of 242 disease resistance genes (R-genes) in the genome of Setaria italica as presented in "Genetic diversity of disease resistance genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.)" (Andersen and Nepal, 2017) [1]. Our data describe the structure and evolution of the Coiled-coil, Nucleotide-binding site, Leucine-rich repeat (CNL) R-genes in foxtail millet. The CNL genes were identified through rigorous extraction and analysis of recently available plant genome sequences using cutting-edge analytical software...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645171/upsetr-an-r-package-for-the-visualization-of-intersecting-sets-and-their-properties
#13
Jake R Conway, Alexander Lex, Nils Gehlenborg
Motivation: Venn and Euler diagrams are a popular yet inadequate solution for quantitative visualization of set intersections. A scalable alternative to Venn and Euler diagrams for visualizing intersecting sets and their properties is needed. Results: We developed UpSetR, an open source R package that employs a scalable matrix-based visualization to show intersections of sets, their size, and other properties. Availability: UpSetR is available at https://github...
June 22, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638896/a-scalable-cyberinfrastructure-for-interactive-visualization-of-terascale-microscopy-data
#14
A Venkat, C Christensen, A Gyulassy, B Summa, F Federer, A Angelucci, V Pascucci
The goal of the recently emerged field of connectomics is to generate a wiring diagram of the brain at different scales. To identify brain circuitry, neuroscientists use specialized microscopes to perform multichannel imaging of labeled neurons at a very high resolution. CLARITY tissue clearing allows imaging labeled circuits through entire tissue blocks, without the need for tissue sectioning and section-to-section alignment. Imaging the large and complex non-human primate brain with sufficient resolution to identify and disambiguate between axons, in particular, produces massive data, creating great computational challenges to the study of neural circuits...
August 2016: N Y Sci Data Summit NYSDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635122/sketching-the-invisible-to-predict-the-visible-from-drawing-to-modeling-in-chemistry
#15
Melanie M Cooper, Mike Stieff, Dane DeSutter
Sketching as a scientific practice goes beyond the simple act of inscribing diagrams onto paper. Scientists produce a wide range of representations through sketching, as it is tightly coupled to model-based reasoning. Chemists in particular make extensive use of sketches to reason about chemical phenomena and to communicate their ideas. However, the chemical sciences have a unique problem in that chemists deal with the unseen world of the atomic-molecular level. Using sketches, chemists strive to develop causal mechanisms that emerge from the structure and behavior of molecular-level entities, to explain observations of the macroscopic visible world...
June 21, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630034/fall-prevention-self-assessments-via-mobile-3d-visualization-technologies-community-dwelling-older-adults-perceptions-of-opportunities-and-challenges
#16
Julian Hamm, Arthur Money, Anita Atwal
BACKGROUND: In the field of occupational therapy, the assistive equipment provision process (AEPP) is a prominent preventive strategy used to promote independent living and to identify and alleviate fall risk factors via the provision of assistive equipment within the home environment. Current practice involves the use of paper-based forms that include 2D measurement guidance diagrams that aim to communicate the precise points and dimensions that must be measured in order to make AEPP assessments...
June 19, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622657/patterns-of-multimorbidity-in-people-with-severe-or-profound-intellectual-and-motor-disabilities
#17
E A van Timmeren, A Waninge, H M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de, A A J van der Putten, C P van der Schans
BACKGROUND: People with severe or profound intellectual and motor disabilities (SPIMD) experience multimorbidity and have complex health needs. Multimorbidity increases mortality, decreases functioning, and negatively influences quality of life. Information regarding patterns of multimorbidity in people with SPIMD may lead to proactive prevention, specifically detection and treatment of physical health problems at an early stage and prevention of secondary complications. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore patterns of multimorbidity in individuals with SPIMD...
August 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600227/mirtarvis-web-based-interactive-visual-analytics-tool-for-microrna-target-predictions
#18
Sehi L'Yi, Daekyoung Jung, Minsik Oh, Bohyoung Kim, Robert J Freishtat, Mamta Giri, Eric Hoffman, Jinwook Seo
In this paper, we present miRTarVis+, a Web-based interactive visual analytics tool for miRNA target predictions and integrative analyses of multiple prediction results. Various microRNA (miRNA) target prediction algorithms have been developed to improve sequence-based miRNA target prediction by exploiting miRNA-mRNA expression profile data. There are also a few analytics tools to help researchers predict targets of miRNAs. However, there still is a need for improving the performance for miRNA prediction algorithms and more importantly for interactive visualization tools for an integrative analysis of multiple prediction results...
June 7, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596611/design-and-deposition-of-a-metal-like-and-admittance-matching-metamaterial-as-an-ultra-thin-perfect-absorber
#19
Yi-Jun Jen, Wei-Chih Liu, Tso-Kuei Chen, Shan-Wen Lin, Yi-Ciang Jhang
A stratiform metamaterial, comprising metal and dielectric thin films, exhibits both near-perfect antireflection and strong light extinction to function as a perfect and ultra-thin light absorber. The equivalent admittance and extinction coefficient of the metamaterial are tailored using a visual method that is based on an admittance diagram. A five-layered metamaterial was designed and deposited with a total thickness of 260 nm on a mirror to exhibit strong and wide angle absorption over wavelengths from 400 nm to 2000 nm...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594549/playmolecule-proteinprepare-a-web-application-for-protein-preparation-for-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#20
Gerard Martínez-Rosell, Toni Giorgino, Gianni De Fabritiis
Protein preparation is a critical step in molecular simulations that consists of refining a Protein Data Bank (PDB) structure by assigning titration states and optimizing the hydrogen-bonding network. In this application note, we describe ProteinPrepare, a web application designed to interactively support the preparation of protein structures. Users can upload a PDB file, choose the solvent pH value, and inspect the resulting protonated residues and hydrogen-bonding network within a 3D web interface. Protonation states are suggested automatically but can be manually changed using the visual aid of the hydrogen-bonding network...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
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