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Diagrams and Visualization

Mariam R Sood, Annet Toornstra, Martin I Sereno, Mark Boland, Daniele Filaretti, Anuj Sood
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities. Although dyslexia cannot be cured, there is a consensus that interventions are more effective and have greater impact the earlier they are administered...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Bing Hu, Lingyu Han, Zhiming Gao, Ke Zhang, Saphwan Al-Assaf, Katsuyoshi Nishinari, Glyn O Phillips, Jixin Yang, Yapeng Fang
Effects of temperature and solvent condition on phase separation-induced molecular fractionation of gum arabic/hyaluronan (GA/HA) mixed solutions were investigated. Two gum arabic samples (EM10 and STD) with different molecular weights and polydispersity indices were used. Phase diagrams, including cloud and binodal curves, were established by visual observation and GPC-RI methods. The molecular parameters of control and fractionated GA, from upper and bottom phases, were measured by GPC-MALLS. Fractionation of GA increased the content of arabinogalactan-protein complex (AGP) from ca...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Robert M O'Brien
Venn diagrams are used to provide an intuitive understanding of multiple regression analysis and these diagrams work well with two variables. The area of overlap of the two variables has a one-to-one relationship to the squared correlation between them. This approach breaks down, however, with three-variables. Making the overlap between the pairs of variables consistent with their squared bivariate correlations often results in the overlap of two of these variables with the third variable that is not the same as the variance of the third variable accounted for by the other two variables...
2018: PloS One
Shabnam Arbab, Jonathan A Brindle, Barbara S Matusiak, Christian A Klöckner
This article elaborates on the results of a field experiment conducted among speakers of the Chakali language, spoken in northern Ghana. In the original study, the Color-aid Corporation Chart was used to perform the focal task in which consultants were asked to point at a single colour tile on the chart. However, data from the focal task could not be analysed since the Color-aid tiles had not yet been converted into numerical values set forth by the Commission internationale de l'éclairage (CIE). In this study, the full set of 314 Color-aid tiles were measured for chromaticity and converted into the CIE values at the Daylight Laboratory of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology...
March 2018: I-Perception
Vittorio Bartoli, Daniel O R Dixon, Thomas E Gorochowski
Visualization of complex genetic systems can help efficiently communicate important design features and clearly illustrate overall structures. To aid in the creation of such diagrams, standards such as the Synthetic Biology Open Language Visual (SBOLv) have been established to ensure that specific symbols and shapes convey the same meaning for genetic parts across the field. Here, we describe several ways that the computational tool DNAplotlib can be used to automate the generation of SBOLv standard-compliant diagrams covering simple genetic designs to large libraries of genetic constructs...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Song Li, Xin Xiong, Yunfa Fu
To improve the performance of brain-controlled intelligent car based on motor imagery (MI), a method based on neurofeedback (NF) with electroencephalogram (EEG) for controlling intelligent car is proposed. A mental strategy of MI in which the energy column diagram of EEG features related to the mental activity is presented to subjects with visual feedback in real time to train them to quickly master the skills of MI and regulate their EEG activity, and combination of multi-features fusion of MI and multi-classifiers decision were used to control the intelligent car online...
February 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
C C Soares, M ElMassalami, Y Yanagisawa, M Tanaka, H Takeya, Y Takano
It is now well established that the microstructure of Fe-based chalcogenide K x Fe2-y Se2 consists of, at least, a minor (~15 percent), nano-sized, superconducting K s Fe2 Se2 phase and a major (~85 percent) insulating antiferromagnetic K2 Fe4 Se5 matrix. Other intercalated A1-x Fe2-y Se2 (A = Li, Na, Ba, Sr, Ca, Yb, Eu, ammonia, amide, pyridine, ethylenediamine etc.) manifest a similar microstructure. On subjecting each of these systems to a varying control parameter (e.g. heat treatment, concentration x,y, or pressure p), one obtains an exotic normal-state and superconducting phase diagram...
May 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
Robert Kruger, Georgi Simeonov, Fabian Beck, Thomas Ertl
Map matching is the process of assigning observed geographic positions of vehicles and their trajectories to the actual road links in a road network. In this paper, we present Visual Interactive Map Matching, a visual analytics approach to fine-tune the data preprocessing and matching process. It is based on ST-matching, a state-of-the-art and easy-to-understand map matching algorithm. Parameters of the preprocessing step and algorithm can be optimized with immediate visual feedback. Visualizations show current matching issues and performance metrics on a map and in diagrams...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Marieke E Klijn, Jürgen Hubbuch
Protein phase diagrams are a tool to investigate cause and consequence of solution conditions on protein phase behavior. The effects are scored according to aggregation morphologies such as crystals or amorphous precipitates. Solution conditions affect morphological features, such as crystal size, as well as kinetic features, such as crystal growth time. Common used data visualization techniques include individual line graphs or symbols-based phase diagrams. These techniques have limitations in terms of handling large datasets, comprehensiveness or completeness...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Laura O'Hara, Peter J O'Shaughnessy, Tom C Freeman, Lee B Smith
OBJECTIVE: Steroid hormones are responsible for the control of a wide range of physiological processes such as development, growth, reproduction, metabolism, and aging. Because of the variety of enzymes, substrates and products that take part in steroidogenesis and the compartmentalisation of its constituent reactions, it is a complex process to visualise and document. One of the goals of systems biology is to quantitatively describe the behaviour of complex biological systems that involve the interaction of many components...
April 24, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Bartosz Jachimczyk, Damian Dziak, Jacek Czapla, Pawel Damps, Wlodek J Kulesza
The assessment of skills is essential and desirable in areas such as medicine, security, and other professions where mental, physical, and manual skills are crucial. However, often such assessments are performed by people called “experts” who may be subjective and are able to consider a limited number of factors and indicators. This article addresses the problem of the objective assessment of driving style independent of circumstances. The proposed objective assessment of driving style is based on eight indicators, which are associated with the vehicle’s speed, acceleration, jerk, engine rotational speed and driving time...
April 17, 2018: Sensors
Erin S Kenzie, Elle L Parks, Erin D Bigler, David W Wright, Miranda M Lim, James C Chesnutt, Gregory W J Hawryluk, Wayne Gordon, Wayne Wakeland
Despite increasing public awareness and a growing body of literature on the subject of concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, an urgent need still exists for reliable diagnostic measures, clinical care guidelines, and effective treatments for the condition. Complexity and heterogeneity complicate research efforts and indicate the need for innovative approaches to synthesize current knowledge in order to improve clinical outcomes. Methods from the interdisciplinary field of systems science, including models of complex systems, have been increasingly applied to biomedical applications and show promise for generating insight for traumatic brain injury...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Ivan Simko, Ryan J Hayes
Visual assessments are used for evaluating the quality of food products, such as fresh-cut lettuce packaged in bags with modified atmosphere. We have compared the accuracy and the reliability of visual evaluations of decay on fresh-cut lettuce performed with experienced and inexperienced raters. In addition, we have analyzed decay data from over 4.5 thousand bags to determine the optimum timing for evaluations to detect differences among accessions. Lin's concordance coefficient (ρc) that takes into consideration both the closeness of the data and the conformance to the identity line showed high repeatability (intra-rater reliability, ρc = 0...
2018: PloS One
Omar Lababede, Moulay A Meziane
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the U.S. TNM staging of lung cancer is implemented to define the extent of disease and consequently assign prognosis and guide treatment. The newest edition of TNM staging of lung cancer has been released recently. In this article, we present the TNM staging of lung cancer in a concise, yet comprehensive, visual format.
April 12, 2018: Oncologist
Ichiro Arakawa, Mikio Momoeda, Yutaka Osuga, Ikuko Ota, Kaori Koga
Background and objective: This study aims to assess the cost-effectiveness of early physician consultation and guideline-based intervention to prevent endometriosis and/or disease progression using oral contraceptive (OC) and progestin compared to follow-up of self-care for dysmenorrhea in Japan. Methods: A yearly-transmitted Markov model of five major health states with four sub-medical states was constructed. Transition probabilities among health and medical states were derived from Japanese epidemiological patient surveys and converted to appropriate parameters for inputting into the model...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
Ming Hao, Xin-Ran Ji, Hua Chen, Wei Zhang, Li-Cheng Zhang, Li-Hai Zhang, Pei-Fu Tang, Ning Lu
Previous studies have reported age-specific pathological and functional outcomes in young and aged patients suffering spinal cord injury, but the mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we examined mice with spinal cord injury. Gene expression profiles from the Gene Expression Omnibus database (accession number GSE93561) were used, including spinal cord samples from 3 young injured mice (2-3-months old, induced by Impactor at Th9 level) and 3 control mice (2-3-months old, no treatment), as well as 2 aged injured mice (15-18-months old, induced by Impactor at Th9 level) and 2 control mice (15-18-months old, no treatment)...
March 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Lonnie Welch, Bruno Gaeta, Diane E Kovats, Milana Frenkel Morgenstern
The International Society of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (ISCB) brings together scientists from a wide range of disciplines, including biology, medicine, computer science, mathematics and statistics. Practitioners in these fields are constantly dealing with information in visual form: from microscope images and photographs of gels to scatter plots, network graphs and phylogenetic trees, structural formulae and protein models to flow diagrams, visual aids for problem-solving are omnipresent. The ISCB Art in Science Competition 2017 at the ISCB/ECCB 2017 conference in Prague offered a way to show the beauty of science in art form...
2018: F1000Research
Shuai Jiang, Yubin Xie, Zhihao He, Ya Zhang, Yuli Zhao, Li Chen, Yueyuan Zheng, Yanyan Miao, Zhixiang Zuo, Jian Ren
Background: Large-scale genome sequencing projects have identified many genetic variants for diverse diseases. A major goal of these projects is to characterize these genetic variants to provide insight into their function and roles in diseases. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is one of the most abundant RNA modifications in eukaryotes. Recent studies have revealed that aberrant m6A modifications are involved in many diseases. Findings: In this study, we present a user-friendly web server called "m6ASNP" that is dedicated to the identification of genetic variants targeting m6A modification sites...
April 2, 2018: GigaScience
Anton V Savchenkov, Viktor N Serezhkin
A method for clear visualization of the variation of noncovalent interactions in crystal structures of conformational polymorphs is developed and introduced. The first stage of the method establishes the characteristics of all, without exception, noncovalent interactions in all crystal structures under discussion. This is possible using a strict and objective method of construction of Voronoi-Dirichlet polyhedra within the framework of the stereoatomic model of crystal structures. The second stage of the method then involves plotting of diagrams, showing the relation between parameters characterizing interatomic interactions and chosen geometric parameters of molecules...
April 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
Frank T Bergmann, Sarah M Keating, Ralph Gauges, Sven Sahle, Katja Wengler
Many software tools provide facilities for depicting reaction network diagrams in a visual form. Two aspects of such a visual diagram can be distinguished: the layout (i.e.: the positioning and connections) of the elements in the diagram, and the graphical form of the elements (for example, the glyphs used for symbols, the properties of the lines connecting them, and so on). This document describes the SBML Level 3 Render package that complements the SBML Level 3 Layout package and provides a means of capturing the precise rendering of the elements in a diagram...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics
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