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Cardiology pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445059/liver-cirrhosis-and-or-hepatocellular-carcinoma-occurring-late-after-the-fontan-procedure-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#1
Masanari Kuwabara, Koichiro Niwa, Tomohiko Toyoda, Takeaki Shirai, Shigeru Tateno, Hideo Ohuchi, Yasuhiko Tanaka, Fukiko Ichida, Tomoo Fujisawa, Teiji Akagi, Yoshiki Mori
BACKGROUND: Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is an important late complication involving liver dysfunction, such as liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure. However, the prevalence, clinical manifestation, and methods of diagnosis of FALD are still not well established.Methods and Results:This study comprised 2 nationwide surveys in Japan. First, the prevalence of LC and/or HCC in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure was determined...
February 14, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441182/pediatric-cardiac-anamnesis-prevention-of-additional-diagnostic-tests
#2
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Zijo Begic, Nabil Naser, Edin Begic
Pediatrics is defined as the science of a healthy and sick child from birth to end of adolescence. Diseases of the cardiovascular system are the leading causes of mortality in adults, with frequent onset in childhood. The cardiologic examination starts with anamnesis in a pleasant atmosphere, refined space, enough time and patience, detailed measurements, and preferably a noncrying child. Anamnesis, regardless of the development of diagnostic procedures, still constitutes the basis of every clinical examination...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440830/impact-of-intensive-care-unit-attending-physician-training-background-on-outcomes-in-children-undergoing-heart-operations
#3
Priya Bhaskar, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Jeffrey M Gossett, Punkaj Gupta
Background: The existing training pathways to become a pediatric cardiac intensivist are very variable with physicians coming from varied training backgrounds of pediatric critical care, pediatric cardiology, neonatology, or pediatric anesthesia. Aim: To evaluate the impact of cardiac Intensive Care Unit (ICU) attending physician training background on outcomes in children undergoing heart operations. Setting and Design: Patients in the age group from 1 day to 18 years undergoing heart operation at a Pediatric Health Information System database participating hospital were included (2010-2015)...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432303/utility-of-echocardiography-as-screening-for-late-onset-anthracycline-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-observations-from-the-first-decade-after-end-of-therapy
#4
Diana J Moke, Lynn E Schubert, Heather Y Sun, Beth F Printz, Andrew C Dietz
Current screening guidelines are available for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. However, the utility of echocardiogram screening for late-onset anthracycline cardiotoxicity especially in the decade immediately after end of therapy is debatable. A retrospective chart review of patients seen in the Thriving after Cancer Clinic at Rady Children's Hospital January 2006 to December 2013 was performed. Treatment data, echocardiogram results, cardiology referral notes and cardiac medication data were abstracted from anthracycline-exposed survivors...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424263/intraoperative-transesophageal-echocardiogram-during-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-tee-to-the-rescue
#5
Lorenzo De Marchi, Janice Lee, Nina Rawtani, Vinh Nguyen
Supported by a growing number of studies and case reports in the literature, perioperative use of TEE in non-cardiac cases has significantly increased the past two decades. The utility of TEE in monitoring hemodynamic, and diagnosing causes of hypotension refractory to conventional therapy, have made it an almost indispensible tool during major surgeries, such liver transplantation. Despite this fact, compared to the adult population, there is a lack of an equivalent amount of literature on the perioperative use of TEE in pediatric cases...
February 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412772/physician-perspectives-on-palliative-care-for-children-with-advanced-heart-disease-a-comparison-between-pediatric-cardiology-and-palliative-care-physicians
#6
Emily Morell Balkin, Lynn A Sleeper, James N Kirkpatrick, Keith M Swetz, Mary Katherine Coggins, Joanne Wolfe, Elizabeth D Blume
BACKGROUND: While the importance of pediatric palliative care (PPC) for children with life-threatening illness is increasingly recognized, little is known about physicians' attitudes toward palliative care for children with heart disease. OBJECTIVE: To compare the perspectives of PPC physicians and pediatric cardiologists regarding palliative care in pediatric heart disease. DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based surveys. RESULTS: Responses from 183 pediatric cardiologists were compared to those of 49 PPC physicians (response rates 31% [183/589] and 28% [49/175], respectively)...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406940/heart-disease-in-children
#7
REVIEW
Richard U Garcia, Stacie B Peddy
The pediatric cardiology field has developed rapidly over the past few decades. More children than ever born with congenital heart disease (CHD) are growing into adulthood. Primary care providers play a key role in diagnosis, management, and referral of children with CHD because many common cardiac complaints (eg, feeding intolerance, cyanosis, chest pain, palpitations, and syncope) are first addressed in the primary care setting. The spectrum of heart disease in children ranges from common complaints to complex single-ventricle physiology, acute myocarditis, and heart transplantation...
March 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400005/optimizing-patient-care-and-outcomes-through-the-congenital-heart-center-of-the-21st-century
#8
Jeffery B Anderson, Devyani Chowdhury, Jean A Connor, Curt J Daniels, Craig E Fleishman, Michael Gaies, Jeffrey Jacobs, John Kugler, Nicolas Madsen, Robert H Beekman, Stacey Lihn, Kay Stewart-Huey, Robert Vincent, Robert Campbell
Pediatric cardiovascular services are responding to the dynamic changes in the medical environment, including the business of medicine. The opportunity to advance our pediatric cardiology field through collaboration is now realized, permitting us to define meaningful quality metrics and establish national benchmarks through multicenter efforts. In March 2016, the American College of Cardiology hosted the first Adult Congenital/Pediatric Cardiology Section Congenital Heart Community Day. This was an open participation meeting for clinicians, administrators, patients/parents to propose metrics that optimize patient care and outcomes for a state-of-the-art congenital heart center of the 21st century...
February 5, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396582/comparative-noninvasive-measurement-of-cardiac-output-based-on-the-inert-gas-rebreathing-method-innocor%C3%A2-and-mri-in-patients-with-univentricular-hearts
#9
Miriam Kuhn, Andreas Hornung, Heidi Ulmer, Christian Schlensak, Michael Hofbeck, Gesa Wiegand
There are many complex cardiac malformations that are characterized by a functionally univentricular physiology. Staged surgical repair according to the Fontan principle separates the systemic and pulmonary circulations by connecting the systemic venous return to the pulmonary arteries. However, long-term follow-up studies demonstrate a gradual deterioration of cardiac function, particularly from the second or third decade. Noninvasive evaluation of the cardiac function is, therefore, important in the follow-up of these patients...
February 3, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394481/transitioning-patients-from-the-intensive-care-unit-to-the-general-pediatric-unit-a-piece-of-the-puzzle-in-family-centered-care
#10
Lisa Manente, Terri McCluskey, Rachel Shaw
Transitioning patients from one unit to another is a nursing function that occurs daily. When done effectively, it streamlines continuity of care, decreases anxiety, ensures patients and families maintain confidence in care providers, and avoids readmissions to the intensive care unit (ICU). This article describes a transition plan for transferring patients from the ICU to the general pediatric unit developed by an inpatient, non-critical care cardiology/neuro logical unit to facilitate a smooth and informational transition from the ICU to the non-critical unit...
March 2017: Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372615/pattern-of-inpatient-pediatric-cardiology-consultations-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Kriti Puri, Peter Kazembe, Treasure Mkaliainga, Msandeni Chiume, Antonio G Cabrera, Amy Sims Sanyahumbi
Malawi is one of the poorest nations in the world, ranked 151st among 195 countries by the World Bank, with an under-5-year mortality rate of 63 per 1000 live births. There are no previous studies describing the spectrum of inpatient pediatric cardiology consultations in sub-Saharan Africa. A descriptive cohort study was performed at Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH), a tertiary care hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi. Demographic, anthropometric, and clinical information for all cardiology consults patients aged 0-18 years admitted to the children's wards over a period of 1 month was reviewed...
January 25, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362623/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-early-arrhythmias-following-pediatric-open-heart-surgery-in-egyptian-children
#12
Tarek Ahmed Abdel Gawad, Waleed Mohamed Elguindy, Omneya Ibrahim Youssef, Tamer Ashraf Abosalem
AIM: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of early postoperative arrhythmias after cardiac operation in the pediatric population, and to analyse possible risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study included 30 postoperative patients, with age range four up to 144 months. They were selected from those admitted to the Cardiology Unit in the Pediatric department of Ain Shams University hospitals, after undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery for correction of congenital cardiac defects...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353334/upcoming-events-in-pediatric-cardiology
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351179/measuring-care-coordination-in-the-pediatric-cardiology-ambulatory-setting
#14
Jean A Connor, Richard C Antonelli, Cheryl A OʼConnell, Hillary Bishop Kuzdeba, Courtney Porter, Patricia A Hickey
The role of ambulatory nursing is diverse, and the impact on patient outcomes is difficult to measure. The concept of care coordination is an important focus for the ambulatory nurse. We describe the efforts to implement the Cardiac Care Coordination Measurement Tool to document and quantify care coordination activities in a pediatric cardiac ambulatory setting.
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345005/-there-s-no-acknowledgement-of-what-this-does-to-people-a-qualitative-exploration-of-mental-health-among-parents-of-children-with-critical-congenital-heart-defects
#15
Sarah Woolf-King, Emily Arnold, Sandra Weiss, David Teitel
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological impact of parenting a child with a critical congenital heart defect (CHD), and the feasibility and acceptability of integrating psychological services into pediatric cardiology care. BACKGROUND: Children with critical CHD are at an increased risk for long-term behavioral, social, and emotional difficulties. Data suggest that this risk is partially attributable to parental mental health, which is a stronger predictor of long-term behavioral problems in CHD children than disease-specific and surgical factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342989/-expert-consensus-on-the-treatment-of-vasovagal-syncope-and-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-in-children
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329440/executive-function-and-internalizing-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-the-role-of-coping
#17
Jamie L Jackson, Gina M Gerardo, Jennifer D Monti, Kyle A Schofield, Kathryn Vannatta
Executive functioning deficits have been documented among congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors and may contribute to emotional distress. Little research has investigated the role of coping in this association. This study examined the role of coping in accounting for the association between self-reported executive function problems and internalizing symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults (AEAs), as well as young adults (YAs) with CHD. Participants included 74 AEA ( M age  = 19.32  ±  3.47 years, range 15-25 years) and 98 YA CHD survivors ( M age  = 32...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310365/ebv-lymphoproliferative-associated-disease-and-primary-cardiac-t-cell-lymphoma-in-a-stk4-deficient-patient-a-case-report
#18
Roya Sherkat, Mohammad Reza Sabri, Bahar Dehghan, Hamid Bigdelian, Nahid Reisi, Nooshin Afsharmoghadam, Hamid Rahimi, Narges Rahmanian, Cristoph Klein
RATIONALE: Primary cardiac lymphoma (PLC) is an extremely uncommon malignancy. PCL is more common in secondary immunodeficient patients. In this report, we describe a unique case of PLC who had been diagnosed as a STK4 deficient patient. This case is the first Primary immunodeficiency (PID) patient developing PCL in the world. PATIENT CONCERNS: An eleven-year-old girl, a known case of PID, was referred to the pediatric cardiology department because of chest pain and dyspnea...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286280/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-electrophysiology
#19
Mitchell I Cohen, Susan Etheridge, Shubhayan Sanatani, Alpay Celiker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286279/key-events-in-the-history-of-cardiac-surgery-and-paediatric-cardiology
#20
Tom R Karl, Gerard R Martin, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Gil Wernovsky
In this report, the authors prepared an opinion poll regarding the most important people, events, technologies, concepts, discoveries, and therapies in paediatric cardiology and cardiac surgery. The results were presented in continuous slide show format at the 2017 Seventh World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery (WCPCCS 2017), Barcelona, Spain. The presentation (under international copyright) is made available herein for educational purposes.
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
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