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Visualization of Qualitative Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270392/qualitative-analysis-of-young-adult-ends-users-expectations-and-experiences
#1
Janet Hoek, Johannes Thrul, Pamela Ling
OBJECTIVES: Despite extensive research into the determinants of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) uptake, few studies have examined the psychosocial benefits ENDS users seek and experience. Using a consumer ritual framework, we explored how ENDS users recreated or replaced smoking practices, and considered implications for smoking cessation. DESIGN: In-depth interviews; data analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Dunedin, New Zealand...
March 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266183/capturing-the-art-of-emergency-medicine-does-film-foster-reflection-in-medical-students
#2
Gabrielle Brand, Steve Wise, Zarrin S Siddiqui, Antonio Celenza, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE: Integrating arts and humanities-based pedagogy into curricula is of growing interest among medical educators, particularly how it promotes reflection and empathy. Our aim was to explore whether a 2.50 min film titled 'The Art of the ED' stimulated reflective learning processes in a group of first year medical students. METHODS: The film was shown prior to their first clinical placement in an ED. Student participation was voluntary and not assessable...
March 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258607/integrative-review-of-older-adult-loneliness-and-social-isolation-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#3
REVIEW
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Stephen Neville, Vanessa Forsyth, Lindsey White, Sara Napier
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an integrative review of empirical studies of loneliness for older people in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Loneliness is a risk factor for older people's poor physical and cognitive health, serious illness and mortality. A national survey showed loneliness rates vary by gender and ethnicity. METHODS: A systematic search of health and social science databases was conducted. Of 21 scrutinised articles, nine were eligible for inclusion and subjected to independent quality appraisal...
March 4, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254613/speeded-saccadic-and-manual-visuo-motor-decisions-distinct-processes-but-same-principles
#4
Aline Bompas, Craig Hedge, Petroc Sumner
Action decisions are considered an emergent property of competitive response activations. As such, decision mechanisms are embedded in, and therefore may differ between, different response modalities. Despite this, the saccadic eye movement system is often promoted as a model for all decisions, especially in the fields of electrophysiology and modelling. Other research traditions predominantly use manual button presses, which have different response distribution profiles and are initiated by different brain areas...
February 27, 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254093/a-comparative-review-on-sleep-stage-classification-methods-in-patients-and-healthy-individuals
#5
REVIEW
Reza Boostani, Foroozan Karimzadeh, Mohammad Nami
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Proper scoring of sleep stages can give clinical information on diagnosing patients with sleep disorders. Since traditional visual scoring of the entire sleep is highly time-consuming and dependent to experts' experience, automatic schemes based on electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis are broadly developed to solve these problems. This review presents an overview on the most suitable methods in terms of preprocessing, feature extraction, feature selection and classifier adopted to precisely discriminate the sleep stages...
March 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252985/the-necessity-of-visual-attention-to-scene-categorization-dissociating-task-relevant-and-task-irrelevant-scene-distractors
#6
Nurit Gronau, Anna Izoutcheev
The extent to which scenes are categorized and understood in the absence of attention has been the focus of a continuous debate over the last decade. Most studies investigating this question have used experimental paradigms in which participants explicitly searched for a certain scene category, or alternatively, scenes were task-irrelevant yet their identity was explicitly reported by participants. Although the first type of studies may have overestimated unattended scene processing, the latter type of studies may have underestimated scene processing due to the reliance on subjective response criteria and on working memory capacity limits...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237139/assessing-the-ipad-as-a-tool-for-low-vision-rehabilitation
#7
Zale Mednick, Atul Jaidka, Robert Nesdole, Mark Bona
OBJECTIVE: It has been demonstrated consistently that patients with poor vision have a reduced quality of life and functional status and higher rates of psychologic distress. This study aims to assess whether the iPad has potential as a visual aid in patients with low vision. DESIGN: Qualitative study with key-informant interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who identified as having impaired vision were recruited from a low vision ophthalmology clinic...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230691/original-research-how-to-create-a-poster-that-attracts-an-audience
#8
Sandra L Siedlecki
: Background: Nurses developing a poster presentation for the first time who look for guidance in the literature will find many articles offering recommendations on format and style, but these are based on opinion rather than evidence. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the attributes of a poster that improved the chance that nursing conference attendees would read it. METHODS: A mixed-methods descriptive study employing survey methodology was used to assess the perceptions of nurses attending poster sessions at a two-day nursing conference...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228739/touchscreen-tablets-coordinating-action-and-perception-for-mathematical-cognition
#9
Carolien A C G Duijzer, Shakila Shayan, Arthur Bakker, Marieke F Van der Schaaf, Dor Abrahamson
Proportional reasoning is important and yet difficult for many students, who often use additive strategies, where multiplicative strategies are better suited. In our research we explore the potential of an interactive touchscreen tablet application to promote proportional reasoning by creating conditions that steer students toward multiplicative strategies. The design of this application (Mathematical Imagery Trainer) was inspired by arguments from embodied-cognition theory that mathematical understanding is grounded in sensorimotor schemes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225376/a-qualitative-analysis-of-general-emergency-medicine-providers-perceptions-on-pediatric-emergency-telemedicine
#10
Ji Won Kim, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Melissa Langhan
OBJECTIVE: Most children in the United States are evaluated in general emergency departments (ED), which are staffed by practitioners who care for both adults and children and may have limited pediatric resources. The application of telemedicine in pediatrics is growing and has been shown to be effective in outpatient as well as critical care settings. Telemedicine has the potential to address disparities in access to pediatric emergency care. The objective of this study was to explore experiences of general ED providers with telemedicine and their perception about a potential video telemedicine program with pediatric ED providers...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218493/improving-vision-awareness-in-autism-services-evaluation-of-a-dedicated-education-programme-for-support-practitioners
#11
Joseph J Long, Maggie Butchart, Michael Brown, Janice Bain, Anne McMillan, Thanos Karatzias
BACKGROUND: The research reported here sought to evaluate whether a dedicated education programme in vision awareness improved the knowledge and skills of autism support practitioners in identifying visual impairment in autistic people with intellectual disabilities and providing better support to those individuals identified as visually impaired. METHODS: Researchers undertook a mixed methods evaluation. A survey questionnaire was devised and administered before and after training and focus groups were undertaken in order to gain qualitative data relating how practitioners implemented their learning in practice...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215182/pain-relief-that-matters-to-patients-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies-assessing-the-minimum-clinically-important-difference-in-acute-pain
#12
Mette Frahm Olsen, Eik Bjerre, Maria Damkjær Hansen, Jørgen Hilden, Nino Emanuel Landler, Britta Tendal, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson
BACKGROUND: The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) is used to interpret the clinical relevance of results reported by trials and meta-analyses as well as to plan sample sizes in new studies. However, there is a lack of consensus about the size of MCID in acute pain, which is a core symptom affecting patients across many clinical conditions. METHODS: We identified and systematically reviewed empirical studies of MCID in acute pain. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library, and included prospective studies determining MCID using a patient-reported anchor and a one-dimensional pain scale (e...
February 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196476/automatic-mri-segmentation-of-para-pharyngeal-fat-pads-using-interactive-visual-feature-space-analysis-for-classification
#13
Muhammad Laiq Ur Rahman Shahid, Teodora Chitiboi, Tetyana Ivanovska, Vladimir Molchanov, Henry Völzke, Lars Linsen
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a public health problem. Detailed analysis of the para-pharyngeal fat pads can help us to understand the pathogenesis of OSA and may mediate the intervention of this sleeping disorder. A reliable and automatic para-pharyngeal fat pads segmentation technique plays a vital role in investigating larger data bases to identify the anatomic risk factors for the OSA. METHODS: Our research aims to develop a context-based automatic segmentation algorithm to delineate the fat pads from magnetic resonance images in a population-based study...
February 14, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193311/voluntary-and-involuntary-imagery-in-social-anxiety
#14
Sophie R Homer, Catherine Deeprose
BACKGROUND: Negative mental imagery is ubiquitous in cognitive models of social anxiety and in the social anxiety literature. Previous research has shown that it is causal of increased anxiety, lower social performance ratings and lower implicit self-esteem. Despite its prevalence, few studies have investigated this imagery directly. AIMS: This study aimed to provide an in-depth analysis of the phenomenology of negative imagery experienced by socially anxious individuals, and to compare recurrent and intrusive images with images deliberately generated by participants during the study...
February 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179217/latino-adults-perspectives-on-treating-tobacco-use-via-social-media
#15
Beatriz Anguiano, Cati Brown-Johnson, Lisa G Rosas, Cornelia Pechmann, Judith J Prochaska
BACKGROUND: Latinos are the largest minority group in the United States, and in California they outnumber non-Hispanic whites. Smoking cessation programs tailored for Latino culture, and this population's specific smoking patterns, are needed. Online social networks for smoking cessation have high potential for Latinos, but have not been tested to date. OBJECTIVE: Building a research program on social media apps for cancer prevention in diverse populations, this qualitative study assessed acceptability of tobacco treatment that was distributed via social media for Latino smokers...
February 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179164/metacognitive-ability-correlates-with-hippocampal-and-prefrontal-microstructure
#16
Micah Allen, James C Glen, Daniel Müllensiefen, Dietrich Samuel Schwarzkopf, Francesca Fardo, Darya Frank, Martina F Callaghan, Geraint Rees
The ability to introspectively evaluate our experiences to form accurate metacognitive beliefs, or insight, is an essential component of decision-making. Previous research suggests individuals vary substantially in their level of insight, and that this variation is related to brain volume and function, particularly in the anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC). However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these effects are unclear, as qualitative, macroscopic measures such as brain volume can be related to a variety of microstructural features...
February 4, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166480/the-need-for-data-informed-clinical-supervision-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment
#17
Alex T Ramsey, Ana Baumann, David Patterson, Yan Yan, Ben Cooper, Enola Proctor
BACKGROUND: Effective clinical supervision is necessary for high-quality care in community-based substance use disorder treatment settings, yet little is known about current supervision practices. Some evidence suggests that supervisors and counselors differ in their experiences of clinical supervision; however, the impact of this misalignment on supervision quality is unclear. Clinical information monitoring systems may support supervision in substance use disorder treatment, but the potential use of these tools must first be explored...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161920/past-present-and-future-concepts-of-the-choroidal-scleral-interface-morphology-on-optical-coherence-tomography
#18
REVIEW
Emily Huynh, Erandi Chandrasekera, Danuta Bukowska, Samuel McLenachan, David A Mackey, Fred K Chen
The choroid is the most vascular tissue in the eye and it has been implicated in the pathophysiology of a variety of ocular diseases. A new era of research in the choroid began with the improved ability to visualize this layer and its inner and outer boundaries using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) with enhanced depth imaging and swept source OCT. The accuracy and precision of qualitative and quan-titative assessments of the choroidal layer support the potential use of OCT-derived choroidal parameters for diagnosis, monitoring of disease progression, planning surgical access, and evaluating treatment response...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156616/developing-an-ehealth-intervention-for-cancer-symptom-management-for-rural-residents
#19
Chi Yeung, Keri Nace Mercer, Dorota Bartoczszyk, Todd Papke
207 Background: A disproportionate number of late-stage cancer diagnoses occur in rural residents. Paradoxically this population, with an increased need for palliative care, has minimal access to these services. As smartphone and high-speed internet connectivity reaches near universal penetrance across the country, eHealth technologies have the potential to address this palliative care access gap. Oncology Associated Symptoms and Individualized Strategies (OASIS) web-app was developed to provide tailored cancer symptom self-management support and address this gap...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152777/understanding-the-patient-experience-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
Randall Winnette, Steven Nicol, Datchen Fritz Tai, Kati Copley-Merriman
61 Background: Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are a heterogenous group of rare tumors that involve the connective tissue in the body. As with many rare tumors, little is known about the impact of STS on patient well-being. The objective of this review was to understand patient experience and quality of life (QOL) following diagnosis of STS. METHODS: This was a systematic review of English language articles published between 2005-2015 in PubMed/Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, and Evidence-Based Medicine...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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