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Visualization of Qualitative Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730900/falls-prevention-interventions-for-older-adults-with-low-vision-a-scoping-review-%C3%A3-tude-de-port%C3%A3-e-sur-les-interventions-visant-%C3%A3-pr%C3%A3-venir-les-chutes-chez-les-a%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-s-ayant-une-basse-vision
#1
Sarah E Blaylock, Laura K Vogtle
BACKGROUND: Older adults with low vision are especially vulnerable to falls. There are no comprehensive reviews of fall prevention interventions for older adults with vision loss who live in the community. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review the evidence regarding community-based falls prevention interventions that appear inclusive of and/or accessible to individuals with low vision. METHOD: A scoping review was completed using the framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley, and the charted data were analyzed using sums and percentages and qualitative content analysis...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725453/development-of-an-implementation-intention-based-intervention-to-change-children-s-and-parent-carers-behaviour
#2
Karen Davies, Christopher J Armitage, Yin-Ling Lin, James Munro, Tanya Walsh, Peter Callery
BACKGROUND: Implementation intentions enable individuals to translate good intentions into action. Parents and children can find maintaining oral health difficult, as evidenced by the presence of tooth decay. This is a common condition in children in spite of being preventable through the use of regular tooth brushing, fluoride protection and avoiding sugar intake. Even when parents and children are positive about looking after the teeth, they can face challenges in maintaining consistent habits...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720268/art-in-cancer-care-exploring-the-role-of-visual-art-making-programs-within-an-energy-restoration-framework
#3
Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Gretchen Ennis, Nasreena Waheed, Fiona Carter
PURPOSE: In contrast to art-therapy, little is known about the role of art-making for people who have been diagnosed with cancer, and even less is known about program-based art-making. This study explored the experience of participation in a visual art-making program for people during and after cancer treatment in the Northern Territory of Australia. METHOD: A longitudinal, qualitative, single cohort study was undertaken. Eight women diagnosed with breast and/or ovarian cancer participated in weekly art-making sessions over eight weeks, facilitated by two professional artists...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718938/quality-control-of-ultrasound-for-fetal-biometry-results-from-the-intergrowth-21-st-project
#4
Angelo Cavallaro, Stephen T Ash, Raffaele Napolitano, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Eric O Ohuma, Malid Molloholli, Joyce Sande, Ippokratis Sarris, Christos Ioannou, Tess Norris, Vera Donadono, Maria Carvalho, Manorama Purwar, Fernando C Barros, Yasmin A Jaffer, Enrico Bertino, Ruyan Pang, Michael G Gravett, Laurent J Salomon, Julia Alison Noble, Douglas G Altman, Aris T Papageorghiou
OBJECTIVES: To assess a comprehensive package of ultrasound quality control in a large multicentre study of fetal growth - the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project. METHODS: We performed quality control (QC) measures on 20,313 ultrasound scan images taken prospectively from 4,321 fetuses at 14-41 weeks' gestation in eight geographical locations. At the time of each ultrasound examination, three fetal biometric variables were measured in triplicate on separately generated images: head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and femur length (FL)...
July 18, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711233/review-of-sleep-eeg-in-preterm-and-term-neonates
#5
Anneleen Dereymaeker, Kirubin Pillay, Jan Vervisch, Maarten De Vos, Sabine Van Huffel, Katrien Jansen, Gunnar Naulaers
Neonatal sleep is a crucial state that involves endogenous driven brain activity, important for neuronal survival and guidance of brain networks. Sequential EEG-sleep analysis in preterm infants provides insights into functional brain integrity and can document deviations of the biologically pre-programmed process of sleep ontogenesis during the neonatal period. Visual assessment of neonatal sleep-EEG, with integration of both cerebral and non-cerebral measures to better define neonatal state, is still considered the gold standard...
July 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692739/analysis-of-retinal-architectural-changes-using-intraoperative-oct-following-surgical-manipulations-with-membrane-flex-loop-in-the-discover-study
#6
Atsuro Uchida, Sunil K Srivastava, Justis P Ehlers
Purpose: We investigate acute retinal alterations identified on intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) immediately following surgical intervention with the Finesse Flex Loop for vitreoretinal interface disorders. Methods: The Determination of feasibility of Intraoperative Spectral domain microscope Combined/integrated OCT Visualization during En face Retinal and ophthalmic surgery (DISCOVER) study is a prospective multisurgeon intraoperative OCT clinical study...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687518/neural-inhibition-can-explain-negative-bold-responses-a-mechanistic-modelling-and-fmri-study
#7
S Sten, K Lundengård, S T Witt, G Cedersund, F Elinder, M Engström
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of hemodynamic changes captured in the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) response contains information of brain activity. The BOLD response is the result of a complex neurovascular coupling and comes in at least two fundamentally different forms: a positive and a negative deflection. Because of the complexity of the signaling, mathematical modelling can provide vital help in the data analysis. For the positive BOLD response, there are plenty of mathematical models, both physiological and phenomenological...
July 4, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677635/build-a-robust-learning-feature-descriptor-by-using-a-new-image-visualization-method-for-indoor-scenario-recognition
#8
Jichao Jiao, Xin Wang, Zhongliang Deng
In order to recognize indoor scenarios, we extract image features for detecting objects, however, computers can make some unexpected mistakes. After visualizing the histogram of oriented gradient (HOG) features, we find that the world through the eyes of a computer is indeed different from human eyes, which assists researchers to see the reasons that cause a computer to make errors. Additionally, according to the visualization, we notice that the HOG features can obtain rich texture information. However, a large amount of background interference is also introduced...
July 4, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674847/a-new-integrated-dual-time-point-amyloid-pet-mri-data-analysis-method
#9
Diego Cecchin, Henryk Barthel, Davide Poggiali, Annachiara Cagnin, Solveig Tiepolt, Pietro Zucchetta, Paolo Turco, Paolo Gallo, Anna Chiara Frigo, Osama Sabri, Franco Bui
PURPOSE: In the initial evaluation of patients with suspected dementia and Alzheimer's disease, there is no consensus on how to perform semiquantification of amyloid in such a way that it: (1) facilitates visual qualitative interpretation, (2) takes the kinetic behaviour of the tracer into consideration particularly with regard to at least partially correcting for blood flow dependence, (3) analyses the amyloid load based on accurate parcellation of cortical and subcortical areas, (4) includes partial volume effect correction (PVEC), (5) includes MRI-derived topographical indexes, (6) enables application to PET/MRI images and PET/CT images with separately acquired MR images, and (7) allows automation...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665336/factors-that-influence-intake-to-one-municipal-animal-control-facility-in-florida-a-qualitative-study
#10
Terry Spencer, Linda Behar-Horenstein, Joe Aufmuth, Nancy Hardt, Jennifer W Applebaum, Amber Emanuel, Natalie Isaza
This qualitative study identified a study area by visualizing one year of animal intake from a municipal animal shelter on geographic information systems (GIS) maps to select an area of high stray-dog intake to investigate. Researchers conducted semi-structured interviews with residents of the selected study area to elucidate why there were high numbers of stray dogs coming from this location. Using grounded theory, three themes emerged from the interviews: concerns, attitudes, and disparities. The residents expressed concerns about animal welfare, personal safety, money, and health...
June 30, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663732/preserved-crossmodal-integration-of-emotional-signals-in-binge-drinking
#11
Séverine Lannoy, Valérie Dormal, Mélanie Brion, Joël Billieux, Pierre Maurage
Binge drinking is an alcohol consumption pattern with various psychological and cognitive consequences. As binge drinking showed qualitatively comparable cognitive impairments to those reported in alcohol-dependence, a continuum hypothesis suggests that this habit would be a first step toward alcohol-related disorders. Besides these cognitive impairments, alcohol-dependence is also characterized by large-scale deficits in emotional processing, particularly in crossmodal contexts, and these abilities have scarcely been explored in binge drinking...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661011/visual-methods-in-health-dialogues-a-qualitative-study-of-public-health-nurse-practice-in-schools
#12
Hilde Laholt, Marilys Guillemin, Kim McLeod, Randi Elisabeth Olsen, Geir Fagerjord Lorem
AIMS: We aimed to explore how using visual methods might improve or complicate the dynamics of the health dialogue between public health nurses (PHNs) and school pupils. This was done from the perspective of PHNs, specifically examining how they understood their role and practice as a PHN and the application of visual methods in this practice. BACKGROUND: The health dialogue is a method used by PHNs in school nursing in Norway. In this practice, there can be communicative barriers between pupils and PHNs...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650629/biokinetic-analysis-and-metabolic-fate-of-2-4-d-in-2-4-d-resistant-soybean-glycine-max
#13
Joshua J Skelton, David M Simpson, Mark A Peterson, Dean E Riechers
The Enlist weed control system allows the use of 2,4-D in soybean but slight necrosis in treated leaves may be observed in the field. The objectives of this research were to measure and compare uptake, translocation, and metabolism of 2,4-D in Enlist (E, resistant) and non-AAD-12 transformed (NT, sensitive) soybeans. The adjuvant from the Enlist Duo herbicide formulation (ADJ) increased 2,4-D uptake (36%) and displayed the fastest rate of uptake (U50= 0.2 h) among treatments. E soybean demonstrated a faster rate of 2,4-D metabolism (M50= 0...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642217/an-interactive-mobile-based-tool-for-personal-social-network-data-collection-and-visualization-among-a-geographically-isolated-and-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-population-early-stage-feasibility-study-with-qualitative-user-feedback
#14
Katherine S Eddens, Jesse M Fagan, Tom Collins
BACKGROUND: Personal social networks have a profound impact on our health, yet collecting personal network data for use in health communication, behavior change, or translation and dissemination interventions has proved challenging. Recent advances in social network data collection software have reduced the burden of network studies on researchers and respondents alike, yet little testing has occurred to discover whether these methods are: (1) acceptable to a variety of target populations, including those who may have limited experience with technology or limited literacy; and (2) practical in the field, specifically in areas that are geographically and technologically disconnected, such as rural Appalachian Kentucky...
June 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589308/the-medical-humanities-effect-a-pilot-study-of-pre-health-professions-students-at-the-university-of-rochester
#15
Clayton J Baker, Margie Hodges Shaw, Christopher J Mooney, Susan Dodge-Peters Daiss, Stephanie Brown Clark
Qualitative and quantitative research on the impact of medical and health humanities teaching in baccalaureate education is sparse. This paper reviews recent studies of the impact of medical and health humanities coursework in pre-health professions education and describes a pilot study of baccalaureate students who completed semester-long medical humanities courses in the Division of Medical Humanities & Bioethics at the University of Rochester. The study format was an email survey. All participants were current or former baccalaureate students who had taken one or more courses in literature and narrative in medicine, bioethics, history of medicine, and/or visual arts and healthcare during the past four years...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585431/sensory-quality-evaluation-for-appearance-of-needle-shaped-green-tea-based-on-computer-vision-and-nonlinear-tools
#16
Chun-Wang Dong, Hong-Kai Zhu, Jie-Wen Zhao, Yong-Wen Jiang, Hai-Bo Yuan, Quan-Sheng Chen
Tea is one of the three greatest beverages in the world. In China, green tea has the largest consumption, and needle-shaped green tea, such as Maofeng tea and Sparrow Tongue tea, accounts for more than 40% of green tea (Zhu et al., 2017). The appearance of green tea is one of the important indexes during the evaluation of green tea quality. Especially in market transactions, the price of tea is usually determined by its appearance (Zhou et al., 2012). Human sensory evaluation is usually conducted by experts, and is also easily affected by various factors such as light, experience, psychological and visual factors...
June 2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582257/how-therapists-use-visualizations-of-upper-limb-movement-information-from-stroke-patients-a-qualitative-study-with-simulated-information
#17
Bernd Ploderer, Justin Fong, Marlena Klaic, Siddharth Nair, Frank Vetere, L Eduardo Cofré Lizama, Mary Pauline Galea
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of disability worldwide, with upper limb deficits affecting an estimated 30% to 60% of survivors. The effectiveness of upper limb rehabilitation relies on numerous factors, particularly patient compliance to home programs and exercises set by therapists. However, therapists lack objective information about their patients' adherence to rehabilitation exercises as well as other uses of the affected arm and hand in everyday life outside the clinic. We developed a system that consists of wearable sensor technology to monitor a patient's arm movement and a Web-based dashboard to visualize this information for therapists...
October 5, 2016: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580171/in-silico-analysis-of-pathways-activation-landscape-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-oral-leukoplakia
#18
Eugene Makarev, Adrian D Schubert, Riya R Kanherkar, Nyall London, Mahder Teka, Ivan Ozerov, Ksenia Lezhnina, Atul Bedi, Rajani Ravi, Rannee Mehra, Mohammad O Hoque, Ido Sloma, Daria A Gaykalova, Antonei B Csoka, David Sidransky, Alex Zhavoronkov, Evgeny Izumchenko
A subset of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the most common subtype of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), harbor dysplastic lesions (often visually identified as leukoplakia) prior to cancer diagnosis. Although evidence suggest that leukoplakia represents an initial step in the progression to cancer, signaling networks driving this progression are poorly understood. Here, we applied in silico Pathway Activation Network Decomposition Analysis (iPANDA), a new bioinformatics software suite for qualitative analysis of intracellular signaling pathway activation using transcriptomic data, to assess a network of molecular signaling in OSCC and pre-neoplastic oral lesions...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569530/network-analysis-for-the-visualization-and-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#19
Jennifer J Pokorny, Alex Norman, Anthony P Zanesco, Susan Bauer-Wu, Baljinder K Sahdra, Clifford D Saron
We present a novel manner in which to visualize the coding of qualitative data that enables representation and analysis of connections between codes using graph theory and network analysis. Network graphs are created from codes applied to a transcript or audio file using the code names and their chronological location. The resulting network is a representation of the coding data that characterizes the interrelations of codes. This approach enables quantification of qualitative codes using network analysis and facilitates examination of associations of network indices with other quantitative variables using common statistical procedures...
June 1, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567381/ultrasound-capsule-endoscopy-sounding-out-the-future
#20
Benjamin F Cox, Fraser Stewart, Holly Lay, Gerard Cummins, Ian P Newton, Marc P Y Desmulliez, Robert J C Steele, Inke Näthke, Sandy Cochran
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has been of immense benefit in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders since its introduction in 2001. However, it suffers from a number of well recognized deficiencies. Amongst these is the limited capability of white light imaging, which is restricted to analysis of the mucosal surface. Current capsule endoscopes are dependent on visual manifestation of disease and limited in regards to transmural imaging and detection of deeper pathology. Ultrasound capsule endoscopy (USCE) has the potential to overcome surface only imaging and provide transmural scans of the GI tract...
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
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