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Visualization of Qualitative Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403316/educational-video-as-a-healthcare-education-resource-for-people-with-colostomy-and-their-families
#1
Angélica Dalmolin, Nara Marilene Oliveira Girardon-Perlini, Larissa de Carli Coppetti, Gabriela Camponogara Rossato, Joseila Sonego Gomes, Maria Elizete Nunes da Silva
Objective: To know the perceptions of participants in a support group for people with colostomy on the use of video as a resource for health education. Method: Qualitative research with 16 participants in a support group for people with colostomy in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected in April and May of 2016, through a focus group, and subjected to the thematic analysis proposed by Minayo. Results: The results led to three categories: care and self-care are learned alone: the lived reality; health education and learning through educational video: perceived opportunities; the singularities of the educational video from the viewpoint of people with colostomy and their families...
April 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400062/adm-guidance-ceramics-guidance-to-the-use-of-fractography-in-failure-analysis-of-brittle-materials
#2
Susanne S Scherrer, Ulrich Lohbauer, Alvaro Della Bona, Alessandro Vichi, Michael J Tholey, J Robert Kelly, Richard van Noort, Paulo Francisco Cesar
OBJECTIVES: To provide background information and guidance as to how to use fractography accurately, a powerful tool for failure analysis of dental ceramic structures. METHODS: An extended palette of qualitative and quantitative fractography is provided, both for in vivo and in vitro fracture surface analyses. As visual support, this guidance document will provide micrographs of typical critical ceramic processing flaws, differentiating between pre- versus post sintering cracks, grinding damage related failures and occlusal contact wear origins and of failures due to surface degradation...
April 8, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378433/service-user-engagement-a-co-created-interview-schedule-exploring-mental-health-recovery-in-young-adults
#3
Claire-Odile Mccauley, Hugh Mckenna, Sinead Keeney, Derek McLaughlin
AIM: To co-create of an interview schedule exploring mental health recovery in collaboration with young adult service users. BACKGROUND: Service user involvement in research has been increasingly recognised as providing a vital authentic insight into mental health recovery. Engagement and collaboration with service users have facilitated the exploration of inaccessible or under-investigated aspects of the lived experience of mental health recovery, not only directing the trajectory of research, but making it relevant to their own contextual experience...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376854/situational-analysis-of-communication-of-hiv-and-aids-information-to-persons-with-visual-impairment-a-case-of-kang-onga-production-centre-in-ndola-zambia
#4
Grace Nsangwe Chintende, Doreen Sitali, Charles Michelo, Oliver Mweemba
BACKGROUND: Despite the increases in health promotion and educational programs on HIV and AIDS, lack of information and communication on HIV and AIDS for the visually impaired persons continues. The underlying factors that create the information and communication gaps have not been fully explored in Zambia. It is therefore important that, this situational analysis on HIV and AIDS information dissemination to persons with visual impairments at Kang'onga Production Centre in Ndola was conducted...
April 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371430/the-cognitive-science-of-sketch-worksheets
#5
Kenneth D Forbus, Maria Chang, Matthew McLure, Madeline Usher
Computational modeling of sketch understanding is interesting both scientifically and for creating systems that interact with people more naturally. Scientifically, understanding sketches requires modeling aspects of visual processing, spatial representations, and conceptual knowledge in an integrated way. Software that can understand sketches is starting to be used in classrooms, and it could have a potentially revolutionary impact as the models and technologies become more advanced. This paper looks at one such effort, Sketch Worksheets, which have been used in multiple classroom experiments already, with students ranging from elementary school to college...
March 29, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351736/musculoskeletal-modelling-of-human-ankle-complex-estimation-of-ankle-joint-moments
#6
Prashant K Jamwal, Shahid Hussain, Yun Ho Tsoi, Mergen H Ghayesh, Sheng Quan Xie
BACKGROUND: A musculoskeletal model for the ankle complex is vital in order to enhance the understanding of neuro-mechanical control of ankle motions, diagnose ankle disorders and assess subsequent treatments. Motions at the human ankle and foot, however, are complex due to simultaneous movements at the two joints namely, the ankle joint and the subtalar joint. The musculoskeletal elements at the ankle complex, such as ligaments, muscles and tendons, have intricate arrangements and exhibit transient and nonlinear behaviour...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336467/an-evaluation-of-portion-size-estimation-aids-consumer-perspectives-on-their-effectiveness
#7
Gemma P Faulkner, M Barbara E Livingstone, L Kirsty Pourshahidi, Michelle Spence, Moira Dean, Sinead O'Brien, Eileen R Gibney, Julie M W Wallace, Tracy A McCaffrey, Maeve A Kerr
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to investigate consumer opinions on the usefulness of portion size estimation aids (PSEA); consumer preferences in terms of format and context for use; and the level of detail of guidance considered necessary for the effective application of PSEA. DESIGN: Six focus groups (three to eight participants per group) were conducted to elicit views on PSEA. The discussions were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed by two independent researchers using a template approach...
March 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270392/qualitative-analysis-of-young-adult-ends-users-expectations-and-experiences
#8
Janet Hoek, Johannes Thrul, Pamela Ling
OBJECTIVES: Despite extensive research into the determinants of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) uptake, few studies have examined the psychosocial benefits ENDS users seek and experience. Using a consumer ritual framework, we explored how ENDS users recreated or replaced smoking practices, and considered implications for smoking cessation. DESIGN: In-depth interviews; data analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Dunedin, New Zealand...
March 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266183/capturing-the-art-of-emergency-medicine-does-film-foster-reflection-in-medical-students
#9
Gabrielle Brand, Steve Wise, Zarrin S Siddiqui, Antonio Celenza, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE: Integrating arts and humanities-based pedagogy into curricula is of growing interest among medical educators, particularly how it promotes reflection and empathy. Our aim was to explore whether a 2.50 min film titled 'The Art of the ED' stimulated reflective learning processes in a group of first year medical students. METHODS: The film was shown prior to their first clinical placement in an ED. Student participation was voluntary and not assessable...
March 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258607/integrative-review-of-older-adult-loneliness-and-social-isolation-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#10
REVIEW
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Stephen Neville, Vanessa Forsyth, Lindsey White, Sara Napier
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an integrative review of empirical studies of loneliness for older people in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Loneliness is a risk factor for older people's poor physical and cognitive health, serious illness and mortality. A national survey showed loneliness rates vary by gender and ethnicity. METHODS: A systematic search of health and social science databases was conducted. Of 21 scrutinised articles, nine were eligible for inclusion and subjected to independent quality appraisal...
March 4, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254613/speeded-saccadic-and-manual-visuo-motor-decisions-distinct-processes-but-same-principles
#11
Aline Bompas, Craig Hedge, Petroc Sumner
Action decisions are considered an emergent property of competitive response activations. As such, decision mechanisms are embedded in, and therefore may differ between, different response modalities. Despite this, the saccadic eye movement system is often promoted as a model for all decisions, especially in the fields of electrophysiology and modelling. Other research traditions predominantly use manual button presses, which have different response distribution profiles and are initiated by different brain areas...
May 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254093/a-comparative-review-on-sleep-stage-classification-methods-in-patients-and-healthy-individuals
#12
REVIEW
Reza Boostani, Foroozan Karimzadeh, Mohammad Nami
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Proper scoring of sleep stages can give clinical information on diagnosing patients with sleep disorders. Since traditional visual scoring of the entire sleep is highly time-consuming and dependent to experts' experience, automatic schemes based on electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis are broadly developed to solve these problems. This review presents an overview on the most suitable methods in terms of preprocessing, feature extraction, feature selection and classifier adopted to precisely discriminate the sleep stages...
March 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252985/the-necessity-of-visual-attention-to-scene-categorization-dissociating-task-relevant-and-task-irrelevant-scene-distractors
#13
Nurit Gronau, Anna Izoutcheev
The extent to which scenes are categorized and understood in the absence of attention has been the focus of a continuous debate over the last decade. Most studies investigating this question have used experimental paradigms in which participants explicitly searched for a certain scene category, or alternatively, scenes were task-irrelevant yet their identity was explicitly reported by participants. Although the first type of studies may have overestimated unattended scene processing, the latter type of studies may have underestimated scene processing due to the reliance on subjective response criteria and on working memory capacity limits...
May 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237139/assessing-the-ipad-as-a-tool-for-low-vision-rehabilitation
#14
Zale Mednick, Atul Jaidka, Robert Nesdole, Mark Bona
OBJECTIVE: It has been demonstrated consistently that patients with poor vision have a reduced quality of life and functional status and higher rates of psychologic distress. This study aims to assess whether the iPad has potential as a visual aid in patients with low vision. DESIGN: Qualitative study with key-informant interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who identified as having impaired vision were recruited from a low vision ophthalmology clinic...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230691/original-research-how-to-create-a-poster-that-attracts-an-audience
#15
Sandra L Siedlecki
: Background: Nurses developing a poster presentation for the first time who look for guidance in the literature will find many articles offering recommendations on format and style, but these are based on opinion rather than evidence. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the attributes of a poster that improved the chance that nursing conference attendees would read it. METHODS: A mixed-methods descriptive study employing survey methodology was used to assess the perceptions of nurses attending poster sessions at a two-day nursing conference...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228739/touchscreen-tablets-coordinating-action-and-perception-for-mathematical-cognition
#16
Carolien A C G Duijzer, Shakila Shayan, Arthur Bakker, Marieke F Van der Schaaf, Dor Abrahamson
Proportional reasoning is important and yet difficult for many students, who often use additive strategies, where multiplicative strategies are better suited. In our research we explore the potential of an interactive touchscreen tablet application to promote proportional reasoning by creating conditions that steer students toward multiplicative strategies. The design of this application (Mathematical Imagery Trainer) was inspired by arguments from embodied-cognition theory that mathematical understanding is grounded in sensorimotor schemes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225376/a-qualitative-analysis-of-general-emergency-medicine-providers-perceptions-on-pediatric-emergency-telemedicine
#17
Ji Won Kim, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Melissa Langhan
OBJECTIVE: Most children in the United States are evaluated in general emergency departments (ED), which are staffed by practitioners who care for both adults and children and may have limited pediatric resources. The application of telemedicine in pediatrics is growing and has been shown to be effective in outpatient as well as critical care settings. Telemedicine has the potential to address disparities in access to pediatric emergency care. The objective of this study was to explore experiences of general ED providers with telemedicine and their perception about a potential video telemedicine program with pediatric ED providers...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218493/improving-vision-awareness-in-autism-services-evaluation-of-a-dedicated-education-programme-for-support-practitioners
#18
Joseph J Long, Maggie Butchart, Michael Brown, Janice Bain, Anne McMillan, Thanos Karatzias
BACKGROUND: The research reported here sought to evaluate whether a dedicated education programme in vision awareness improved the knowledge and skills of autism support practitioners in identifying visual impairment in autistic people with intellectual disabilities and providing better support to those individuals identified as visually impaired. METHODS: Researchers undertook a mixed methods evaluation. A survey questionnaire was devised and administered before and after training and focus groups were undertaken in order to gain qualitative data relating how practitioners implemented their learning in practice...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215182/pain-relief-that-matters-to-patients-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies-assessing-the-minimum-clinically-important-difference-in-acute-pain
#19
Mette Frahm Olsen, Eik Bjerre, Maria Damkjær Hansen, Jørgen Hilden, Nino Emanuel Landler, Britta Tendal, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson
BACKGROUND: The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) is used to interpret the clinical relevance of results reported by trials and meta-analyses as well as to plan sample sizes in new studies. However, there is a lack of consensus about the size of MCID in acute pain, which is a core symptom affecting patients across many clinical conditions. METHODS: We identified and systematically reviewed empirical studies of MCID in acute pain. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library, and included prospective studies determining MCID using a patient-reported anchor and a one-dimensional pain scale (e...
February 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196476/automatic-mri-segmentation-of-para-pharyngeal-fat-pads-using-interactive-visual-feature-space-analysis-for-classification
#20
Muhammad Laiq Ur Rahman Shahid, Teodora Chitiboi, Tetyana Ivanovska, Vladimir Molchanov, Henry Völzke, Lars Linsen
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a public health problem. Detailed analysis of the para-pharyngeal fat pads can help us to understand the pathogenesis of OSA and may mediate the intervention of this sleeping disorder. A reliable and automatic para-pharyngeal fat pads segmentation technique plays a vital role in investigating larger data bases to identify the anatomic risk factors for the OSA. METHODS: Our research aims to develop a context-based automatic segmentation algorithm to delineate the fat pads from magnetic resonance images in a population-based study...
February 14, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
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