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Visualization of Qualitative Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321475/intraskeletal-histovariability-allometric-growth-patterns-and-their-functional-implications-in-bird-like-dinosaurs
#1
Edina Prondvai, Pascal Godefroit, Dominique Adriaens, Dong-Yu Hu
With their elongated forelimbs and variable aerial skills, paravian dinosaurs, a clade also comprising modern birds, are in the hotspot of vertebrate evolutionary research. Inferences on the early evolution of flight largely rely on bone and feather morphology, while osteohistological traits are usually studied to explore life-history characteristics. By sampling and comparing multiple homologous fore- and hind limb elements, we integrate for the first time qualitative and quantitative osteohistological approaches to get insight into the intraskeletal growth dynamics and their functional implications in five paravian dinosaur taxa, Anchiornis, Aurornis, Eosinopteryx, Serikornis, and Jeholornis...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321012/adaptation-of-child-oral-health-education-leaflets-for-arabic-migrants-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Amit Arora, Ibrahim Al-Salti, Hussam Murad, Quang Tran, Rhonda Itaoui, Sameer Bhole, Shilpi Ajwani, Charlotte Jones, Narendar Manohar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding of Arabic-speaking mothers views on the usefulness of existing oral health education leaflets aimed at young children and also to record their views on the tailored versions of these leaflets. METHODS: This qualitative study was nested within a large ongoing birth cohort study in South Western Sydney, Australia. Arabic-speaking mothers (n = 19) with young children were purposively selected and approached for a semi-structured interview...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304939/standards-for-instrument-migration-when-implementing-paper-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-electronically-recommendations-from-a-qualitative-synthesis-of-cognitive-interview-and-usability-studies
#3
Willie Muehlhausen, Bill Byrom, Barbara Skerritt, Marie McCarthy, Bryan McDowell, Jeremy Sohn
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the findings of cognitive interview and usability studies performed to assess the measurement equivalence of patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments migrated from paper to electronic formats (ePRO), and make recommendations regarding future migration validation requirements and ePRO design best practice. METHODS: We synthesized findings from all cognitive interview and usability studies performed by a contract research organization between 2012 and 2015: 53 studies comprising 68 unique instruments and 101 instrument evaluations...
January 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301518/young-australian-women-s-accounts-of-smoking-and-quitting-a-qualitative-study-using-visual-methods
#4
Zoi Triandafilidis, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz, Kate Huppatz
BACKGROUND: Although the overall rate of smoking in Australia continues to decline, the rate of decline has begun to slow. Rates of smoking among young women in Australia have been a particular concern, which has led to the development of targeted public health campaigns. Poststructuralist theory has successfully been used in research to explore the way in which young women experience smoking. However, there is an absence of poststructuralist analysis of young women's experiences of quitting...
January 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284277/-life-within-the-person-comes-to-the-fore-pastoral-workers-practice-wisdom-on-using-arts-in-palliative-care
#5
Clare O'Callaghan, Libby Byrne, Eleni Cokalis, David Glenister, Margaret Santilli, Rose Clark, Therese McCarthy, Natasha Michael
BACKGROUND: Pastoral care (also chaplaincy, spiritual care) assists people to find meaning, personal resources, and connection with self, others, and/or a higher power. Although essential in palliative care, there remains limited examination of what pastoral workers do. This study examined how pastoral workers use and consider the usefulness of art-based modalities. METHODS: Qualitative research was used to examine the practice wisdom (tacit practice knowledge) of pastoral workers experienced in using visual arts and music in palliative care...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241829/the-aged-rhesus-macaque-manifests-braak-stage-iii-iv-alzheimer-s-like-pathology
#6
Constantinos D Paspalas, Becky C Carlyle, Shannon Leslie, Todd M Preuss, Johanna L Crimins, Anita J Huttner, Christopher H van Dyck, Douglas L Rosene, Angus C Nairn, Amy F T Arnsten
INTRODUCTION: An animal model of late-onset Alzheimer's disease is needed to research what causes degeneration in the absence of dominant genetic insults and why the association cortex is particularly vulnerable to degeneration. METHODS: We studied the progression of tau and amyloid cortical pathology in the aging rhesus macaque using immunoelectron microscopy and biochemical assays. RESULTS: Aging macaques exhibited the same qualitative pattern and sequence of tau and amyloid cortical pathology as humans, reaching Braak stage III/IV...
December 11, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227886/traveling-with-blindness-a-qualitative-space-time-approach-to-understanding-visual-impairment-and-urban-mobility
#7
Sandy Wong
This paper draws from Hägerstrand's space-time framework to generate new insights on the everyday mobilities of individuals with visual impairments in the San Francisco Bay Area. While existing research on visual impairment and mobility emphasizes individual physical limitations resulting from vision loss or inaccessible public spaces, this article highlights and bridges both the behavioral and social processes that influence individual mobility. A qualitative analysis of sit-down and mobile interview data reveals that the space-time constraints of people with visual impairments are closely linked to their access to transportation, assistive technologies, and mobile devices...
December 8, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210809/evaluation-and-refinement-of-a-handheld-health-information-technology-tool-to-support-the-timely-update-of-bedside-visual-cues-to-prevent-falls-in-hospitals
#8
Ruth C-A Teh, Renuka Visvanathan, Damith Ranasinghe, Anne Wilson
AIM: To evaluate clinicians' perspectives, before and after clinical implementation (i.e. trial) of a handheld health information technology (HIT) tool, incorporating an iPad device and automatically generated visual cues for bedside display, for falls risk assessment and prevention in hospital. METHODS: This pilot study utilized mixed-methods research with focus group discussions and Likert-scale surveys to elicit clinicians' attitudes. The study was conducted across three phases within two medical wards of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190364/development-of-the-mapme-intervention-body-image-scales-of-known-weight-status-for-4-5-and-10-11-year-old-children
#9
A R Jones, M J Tovée, L R Cutler, K N Parkinson, L J Ells, V Araujo-Soares, M S Pearce, K D Mann, D Scott, J M Harris, A J Adamson
Background: Parents tend to visually assess children to determine their weight status and typically underestimate child body size. A visual tool may aid parents to more accurately assess child weight status and so support strategies to reduce childhood overweight. Body image scales (BIS) are visual images of people ranging from underweight to overweight but none exist for children based on UK criteria. Our aim was to develop sex- and age-specific BIS for children, based on British growth reference (UK90) criteria...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187343/an-ehealth-application-of-self-reported-sports-related-injuries-and-illnesses-in-paralympic-sport-pilot-feasibility-and-usability-study
#10
Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Örjan Dahlström, Toomas Timpka, Jan Lexell
BACKGROUND: Sport participation is associated with a risk of sports-related injuries and illnesses, and Paralympic athletes' additional medical issues can be a challenge to health care providers and medical staff. However, few prospective studies have assessed sports-related injuries and illnesses in Paralympic sport (SRIIPS) over time. Advances in mobile phone technology and networking systems offer novel opportunities to develop innovative eHealth applications for collection of athletes' self-reports...
November 29, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180345/in-person-versus-ehealth-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-adolescents-with-chronic-illness-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Nicholas Chadi, Miriam Kaufman, Elli Weisbaum, Catherine Malboeuf-Hurtubise, Sara Ahola Kohut, Christine Viner, Jake Locke, Dzung X Vo
BACKGROUND: Eight-week mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have a beneficial impact on mental health and well-being in adolescents with chronic health conditions. Usually delivered in person in a group setting, these programs are difficult to access for teens with disabilities or who do not have in-person MBIs available in their communities. OBJECTIVE: This paper outlines the rationale, development, and design of a randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of an MBI delivered in person or via eHealth in adolescents with a chronic illness...
November 27, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172823/eye-tracking-technology-in-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#12
Hajra Ashraf, Mikael H Sodergren, Nabeel Merali, George Mylonas, Harsimrat Singh, Ara Darzi
BACKGROUND: Eye-tracking technology is an established research tool within allied industries such as advertising, psychology and aerospace. This review aims to consolidate literature describing the evidence for use of eye-tracking as an adjunct to traditional teaching methods in medical education. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted in line with STORIES guidelines. A search of EMBASE, OVID MEDLINE, PsycINFO, TRIP database, and Science Direct was conducted until January 2017...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153043/effectiveness-of-mirror-therapy-motor-imagery-and-virtual-feedback-on-phantom-limb-pain-following-amputation-a-systematic-review
#13
Laura Herrador Colmenero, Jose Manuel Perez Marmol, Celia Martí-García, María de Los Ángeles Querol Zaldivar, Rosa María Tapia Haro, Adelaida María Castro Sánchez, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
BACKGROUND: Phantom limb pain is reported in 50%-85% of people with amputation. Clinical interventions in treating central pain, such as mirror therapy, motor imagery, or virtual visual feedback, could redound in benefits to amputee patients with phantom limb pain. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the effectiveness of different techniques for treating phantom limb pain in amputee patients. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A computerized literature search up to April 2017 was performed using the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE, ProQuest, PEDro, EBSCOhost, and Cochrane Plus...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143266/-measuring-physical-literacy-and-related-constructs-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-findings
#14
REVIEW
Lowri C Edwards, Anna S Bryant, Richard J Keegan, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M Jones
BACKGROUND: The concept of physical literacy has received increased research and international attention recently. Where intervention programs and empirical research are gaining momentum, their operationalizations differ significantly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to inform practice in the measure/assessment of physical literacy via a systematic review of research that has assessed physical literacy (up to 14 June, 2017). METHODS: Five databases were searched using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Protocols guidelines, with 32 published articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137725/a-gait-retraining-system-using-augmented-reality-to-modify-footprint-parameters-effects-on-lower-limb-sagittal-plane-kinematics
#15
Sami Bennour, Baptiste Ulrich, Thomas Legrand, Brigitte M Jolles, Julien Favre
Improving lower-limb flexion/extension angles during walking is important for the treatment of numerous pathologies. Currently, these gait retraining procedures are mostly qualitative, often based on visual assessment and oral instructions. This study aimed to propose an alternative method combining motion capture and display of target footprints on the floor. The second objectives were to determine the error in footprint modifications and the effects of footprint modifications on lower-limb flexion/extension angles...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113610/the-impact-of-a-visual-arts-program-on-quality-of-life-communication-and-well-being-of-people-living-with-dementia-a-mixed-methods-longitudinal-investigation
#16
Gill Windle, Karlijn J Joling, Teri Howson-Griffiths, Bob Woods, Catrin Hedd Jones, Peter M van de Ven, Andrew Newman, Clive Parkinson
BACKGROUND: Research reviews highlight methodological limitations and gaps in the evidence base for the arts in dementia care. In response, we developed a 12-week visual art program and evaluated the impact on people living with dementia through a mixed-methods longitudinal investigation. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five people living with mild to severe dementia were recruited across three research settings in England and Wales (residential care homes, a county hospital, and community venues)...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080033/challenges-and-successful-pedagogical-strategies-experiences-from-six-swedish-students-with-blindness-and-autism-in-different-school-settings
#17
Kim de Verdier, Elisabeth Fernell, Ulla Ek
The prevalence of autism in children with blindness is much higher than in the general population. There are many challenges regarding the school situation for children with this complex dual disability. This study explored challenges and successful strategies in school for a sample of six Swedish children with blindness and autism, with and without intellectual disability, through qualitative interviews with students, teachers and parents. All students displayed executive functioning deficits, and the teaching situation entailed several challenges...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071114/cracking-the-code-for-maintaining-quality-training-in-olympic-distance-triathlon-lessons-learnt-from-a-squad-of-elite-scandinavian-athletes
#18
Corrie Myburgh, Tobias Hansen, Anders Holm Beck, Eleanor Boyle
OBJECTIVE: High-quality training is a key determinant of performance in the Olympic distance triathlon and is potentially influenced by a unique array of context-specific biopsychosocial factors. Our objective was to explore and describe these factors among squad members of a university-based, elite Olympic distance triathlete developmental programme. METHOD: A qualitative investigation using a visual communication tool-assisted focus group and longitudinal semistructured individual interviews was conducted...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069992/physical-activity-participation-among-families-of-children-with-visual-impairments-and-blindness
#19
Luis Columna, Suzanna Rocco Dillon, Michelle Dolphin, Denzil A Streete, Samuel R Hodge, Beth Myers, Michael L Norris, Lindsay McCabe, Tiago V Barreira, Kevin S Heffernan
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) provides multiple benefits to children with visual impairments (VI) and their families. However, the empirical literature base is underdeveloped on how family PA experiences impact participation for children with VI. The purpose of this study was two-fold; that is: (a) to explore why families with children with VI seek out and participate in PA, and (b) to describe the strategies and supports needed by families of children with VI to improve PA participation...
October 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048414/constructing-a-relevant-decision-aid-for-parents-of-children-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#20
M Skibo, U Guillen, H Zhang, D Munson, A Mackley, K Nilan, H Kirpalani
BACKGROUND: To develop and test a decision aid for counseling parents of children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).Local problem:Parental education about complex conditions is not standardized and communication and understanding may not be adequate. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 33 neonatal clinicians and 12 parents of children with BPD using a qualitative research design. The interviews were used to identify education topics that were felt to be important in BPD education...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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