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Visualization of Qualitative Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494774/expanding-conceptualizations-of-harm-reduction-results-from-a-qualitative-community-based-participatory-research-study-with-people-who-inject-drugs
#1
L M Boucher, Z Marshall, A Martin, K Larose-Hébert, J V Flynn, C Lalonde, D Pineau, J Bigelow, T Rose, R Chase, R Boyd, M Tyndall, C Kendall
BACKGROUND: The perspectives of people who use drugs are critical in understanding why people choose to reduce harm in relation to drug use, what practices are considered or preferred in conceptualizations of harm reduction, and which environmental factors interfere with or support the use of harm reduction strategies. This study explores how people who inject drugs (PWID) think about harm reduction and considers the critical imperative of equity in health and social services delivery for this community...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482912/children-s-attitudes-towards-electronic-gambling-machines-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-children-who-attend-community-clubs
#2
Amy Bestman, Samantha Thomas, Melanie Randle, Hannah Pitt
BACKGROUND: This research sought to explore whether children's visual and auditory exposure to Electronic Gambling Machines (EGMs) in community clubs contributed to shaping their attitudes towards these types of potentially harmful gambling products. This research also examined children's knowledge of EGM behaviours in adults within their social networks. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 45 children in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia...
May 8, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476100/behavioral-antecedents-for-handwashing-in-a-low-income-urban-setting-in-bangladesh-an-exploratory-study
#3
Musarrat J Rahman, Fosiul A Nizame, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby, Peter J Winch
BACKGROUND: Health programs commonly promote handwashing by drawing attention to potential fecal contamination in the environment. The underlying assumption is that the thought of fecal contamination will result in disgust, and motivate people to wash their hands with soap. However, this has not proven sufficient to achieve high rates of handwashing with soap at key times. We argue that handwashing with soap is influenced by broader range of antecedents, many unrelated to fecal contamination, that indicate to people when and where to wash their hands...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469709/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-scalpel-skill-teaching-of-podiatry-students
#4
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Caroline E Fryer, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: Degrees in health disciplines need a balance of theoretical knowledge and sufficient clinical practice to meet registration requirements, in particular those requiring specialist skills such as the use of scalpels and other small instruments, such as podiatry. However, despite this requirement there is a scarcity of literature and research to inform teaching of these particular manual clinical skills. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the current approaches being used to teach manual skills, in particular scalpel skills, in university podiatry programs in Australia and New Zealand, and to explore what issues, challenges and innovations exist...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462764/the-lived-neighborhood-understanding-how-people-with-dementia-engage-with-their-local-environment
#5
Richard Ward, Andrew Clark, Sarah Campbell, Barbara Graham, Agneta Kullberg, Kainde Manji, Kirstein Rummery, John Keady
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we report progress on "Neighborhoods: our people, our places" an international study about how people living with dementia interact with their neighborhoods. The ideas of social health and citizenship are drawn upon to contextualize the data and make a case for recognizing and understanding the strengths and agency of people with dementia. In particular, we address the lived experience of the environment as a route to better understanding the capabilities, capacities, and competencies of people living with dementia...
May 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455280/-the-patient-is-speaking-discovering-the-patient-voice-in-ophthalmology
#6
REVIEW
Samera Dean, Jonathan M Mathers, Melanie Calvert, Derek G Kyte, Dolores Conroy, Annie Folkard, Sue Southworth, Phil Murray, Alastair K Denniston
Eye disease can be devastating. The most feared impact is sight loss, but in a number of ophthalmic conditions, there can be wide-ranging systemic, psychological, emotional and social effects of both the disease and its treatment. External tests of visual function, such as visual acuity, are inadequate to understand the overall impact of ophthalmic disease on a patient's functional vision or daily life. This can lead to a discordance between the patient's priorities and perspective on the one hand and the efforts of clinicians and other stakeholders on the other hand...
April 28, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454629/study-of-fingerprints-in-argentina-population-for-application-in-personal-identification
#7
Noemí Rivaldería, Esperanza Gutiérrez-Redomero, Concepción Alonso-Rodríguez, José E Dipierri, Luis M Martín
The fingerprints of the Buenos Aires and Chubut provinces in Argentina have been studied, with the aim of knowing and quantifying the variability of these features, which are used in the identification process. The data studied for this research was obtained from 330 individuals, of both sexes, from two Argentinian population samples (170 individuals from Buenos Aires and 160 from Chubut), which amounts to a total of 3300 fingerprints. The different types of minutiae were located, identified, and visually quantified in four areas on the fingerprint...
May 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442501/chlorokb-a-web-application-for-the-integration-of-knowledge-related-to-chloroplast-metabolic-network
#8
Pauline Gloaguen, Sylvain Bournais, Claude Alban, Stephane Ravanel, Daphne Seigneurin-Berny, Michel Matringe, Marianne Tardif, Marcel Kuntz, Myriam Ferro, Christophe Bruley, Norbert Rolland, Yves Vandenbrouck, Gilles Curien
CONTEXT: Higher plants, as autotrophic organisms, are effective sources of molecules. They hold great promise for metabolic engineering, but the behavior of plant metabolism at the network level is still incompletely described. Although structural models (stoichiometry matrices) and pathway databases are extremely useful, they cannot describe the complexity of the metabolic context and new tools are required to visually represent integrated biocurated knowledge for use by both humans and computers...
April 25, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403316/educational-video-as-a-healthcare-education-resource-for-people-with-colostomy-and-their-families
#9
Angélica Dalmolin, Nara Marilene Oliveira Girardon-Perlini, Larissa de Carli Coppetti, Gabriela Camponogara Rossato, Joseila Sonego Gomes, Maria Elizete Nunes da Silva
Objective: To know the perceptions of participants in a support group for people with colostomy on the use of video as a resource for health education. Method: Qualitative research with 16 participants in a support group for people with colostomy in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected in April and May of 2016, through a focus group, and subjected to the thematic analysis proposed by Minayo. Results: The results led to three categories: care and self-care are learned alone: the lived reality; health education and learning through educational video: perceived opportunities; the singularities of the educational video from the viewpoint of people with colostomy and their families...
April 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400062/adm-guidance-ceramics-guidance-to-the-use-of-fractography-in-failure-analysis-of-brittle-materials
#10
Susanne S Scherrer, Ulrich Lohbauer, Alvaro Della Bona, Alessandro Vichi, Michael J Tholey, J Robert Kelly, Richard van Noort, Paulo Francisco Cesar
OBJECTIVES: To provide background information and guidance as to how to use fractography accurately, a powerful tool for failure analysis of dental ceramic structures. METHODS: An extended palette of qualitative and quantitative fractography is provided, both for in vivo and in vitro fracture surface analyses. As visual support, this guidance document will provide micrographs of typical critical ceramic processing flaws, differentiating between pre- versus post sintering cracks, grinding damage related failures and occlusal contact wear origins and of failures due to surface degradation...
April 8, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378433/service-user-engagement-a-co-created-interview-schedule-exploring-mental-health-recovery-in-young-adults
#11
Claire-Odile McCauley, Hugh McKenna, Sinead Keeney, Derek McLaughlin
AIM: The aim of this study was to co-create of an interview schedule exploring mental health recovery in collaboration with young adult service users. BACKGROUND: Service user involvement in research has been increasingly recognized as providing a vital authentic insight into mental health recovery. Engagement and collaboration with service users have facilitated the exploration of inaccessible or under-investigated aspects of the lived experience of mental health recovery, not only directing the trajectory of research, but making it relevant to their own contextual experience...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376854/situational-analysis-of-communication-of-hiv-and-aids-information-to-persons-with-visual-impairment-a-case-of-kang-onga-production-centre-in-ndola-zambia
#12
Grace Nsangwe Chintende, Doreen Sitali, Charles Michelo, Oliver Mweemba
BACKGROUND: Despite the increases in health promotion and educational programs on HIV and AIDS, lack of information and communication on HIV and AIDS for the visually impaired persons continues. The underlying factors that create the information and communication gaps have not been fully explored in Zambia. It is therefore important that, this situational analysis on HIV and AIDS information dissemination to persons with visual impairments at Kang'onga Production Centre in Ndola was conducted...
April 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371430/the-cognitive-science-of-sketch-worksheets
#13
Kenneth D Forbus, Maria Chang, Matthew McLure, Madeline Usher
Computational modeling of sketch understanding is interesting both scientifically and for creating systems that interact with people more naturally. Scientifically, understanding sketches requires modeling aspects of visual processing, spatial representations, and conceptual knowledge in an integrated way. Software that can understand sketches is starting to be used in classrooms, and it could have a potentially revolutionary impact as the models and technologies become more advanced. This paper looks at one such effort, Sketch Worksheets, which have been used in multiple classroom experiments already, with students ranging from elementary school to college...
March 29, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351736/musculoskeletal-modelling-of-human-ankle-complex-estimation-of-ankle-joint-moments
#14
Prashant K Jamwal, Shahid Hussain, Yun Ho Tsoi, Mergen H Ghayesh, Sheng Quan Xie
BACKGROUND: A musculoskeletal model for the ankle complex is vital in order to enhance the understanding of neuro-mechanical control of ankle motions, diagnose ankle disorders and assess subsequent treatments. Motions at the human ankle and foot, however, are complex due to simultaneous movements at the two joints namely, the ankle joint and the subtalar joint. The musculoskeletal elements at the ankle complex, such as ligaments, muscles and tendons, have intricate arrangements and exhibit transient and nonlinear behaviour...
May 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336467/an-evaluation-of-portion-size-estimation-aids-consumer-perspectives-on-their-effectiveness
#15
Gemma P Faulkner, M Barbara E Livingstone, L Kirsty Pourshahidi, Michelle Spence, Moira Dean, Sinead O'Brien, Eileen R Gibney, Julie M W Wallace, Tracy A McCaffrey, Maeve A Kerr
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to investigate consumer opinions on the usefulness of portion size estimation aids (PSEA); consumer preferences in terms of format and context for use; and the level of detail of guidance considered necessary for the effective application of PSEA. DESIGN: Six focus groups (three to eight participants per group) were conducted to elicit views on PSEA. The discussions were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed by two independent researchers using a template approach...
March 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270392/qualitative-analysis-of-young-adult-ends-users-expectations-and-experiences
#16
Janet Hoek, Johannes Thrul, Pamela Ling
OBJECTIVES: Despite extensive research into the determinants of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) uptake, few studies have examined the psychosocial benefits ENDS users seek and experience. Using a consumer ritual framework, we explored how ENDS users recreated or replaced smoking practices, and considered implications for smoking cessation. DESIGN: In-depth interviews; data analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Dunedin, New Zealand...
March 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266183/capturing-the-art-of-emergency-medicine-does-film-foster-reflection-in-medical-students
#17
Gabrielle Brand, Steve Wise, Zarrin S Siddiqui, Antonio Celenza, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE: Integrating arts and humanities-based pedagogy into curricula is of growing interest among medical educators, particularly how it promotes reflection and empathy. Our aim was to explore whether a 2.50 min film titled 'The Art of the ED' stimulated reflective learning processes in a group of first year medical students. METHODS: The film was shown prior to their first clinical placement in an ED. Student participation was voluntary and not assessable...
March 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258607/integrative-review-of-older-adult-loneliness-and-social-isolation-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#18
REVIEW
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Stephen Neville, Vanessa Forsyth, Lindsey White, Sara Napier
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an integrative review of empirical studies of loneliness for older people in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Loneliness is a risk factor for older people's poor physical and cognitive health, serious illness and mortality. A national survey showed loneliness rates vary by gender and ethnicity. METHODS: A systematic search of health and social science databases was conducted. Of 21 scrutinised articles, nine were eligible for inclusion and subjected to independent quality appraisal...
March 4, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254613/speeded-saccadic-and-manual-visuo-motor-decisions-distinct-processes-but-same-principles
#19
Aline Bompas, Craig Hedge, Petroc Sumner
Action decisions are considered an emergent property of competitive response activations. As such, decision mechanisms are embedded in, and therefore may differ between, different response modalities. Despite this, the saccadic eye movement system is often promoted as a model for all decisions, especially in the fields of electrophysiology and modelling. Other research traditions predominantly use manual button presses, which have different response distribution profiles and are initiated by different brain areas...
May 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254093/a-comparative-review-on-sleep-stage-classification-methods-in-patients-and-healthy-individuals
#20
REVIEW
Reza Boostani, Foroozan Karimzadeh, Mohammad Nami
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Proper scoring of sleep stages can give clinical information on diagnosing patients with sleep disorders. Since traditional visual scoring of the entire sleep is highly time-consuming and dependent to experts' experience, automatic schemes based on electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis are broadly developed to solve these problems. This review presents an overview on the most suitable methods in terms of preprocessing, feature extraction, feature selection and classifier adopted to precisely discriminate the sleep stages...
March 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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