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Visualization of Qualitative Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787568/using-discursis-to-enhance-the-qualitative-analysis-of-hospital-pharmacist-patient-interactions
#1
Bernadette A M Chevalier, Bernadette M Watson, Michael A Barras, William N Cottrell, Daniel J Angus
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacist-patient communication during medication counselling has been successfully investigated using Communication Accommodation Theory (CAT). Communication researchers in other healthcare professions have utilised Discursis software as an adjunct to their manual qualitative analysis processes. Discursis provides a visual, chronological representation of communication exchanges and identifies patterns of interactant engagement. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe how Discursis software was used to enhance previously conducted qualitative analysis of pharmacist-patient interactions (by visualising pharmacist-patient speech patterns, episodes of engagement, and identifying CAT strategies employed by pharmacists within these episodes)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785772/getting-the-picture-visual-interpretation-in-ophthalmology-residency-training
#2
Adam D Baim
OBJECTIVES: Visual interpretation is essential in many fields of health care. Although diagnostic competency can be measured as an educational outcome, few accounts have addressed tacit aspects of visual interpretation in clinical training; these include the disciplining of the trainee's attentions and the trainee's acculturation into expected styles of communicating visual interpretations to others. This paper describes values and dispositions that are taught to ophthalmology trainees as they learn to reason through visual information, and explores how these qualities are evaluated during residency training...
May 21, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781642/effects-of-aging-and-text-stimulus-quality-on-the-word-frequency-effect-during-chinese-reading
#3
Jingxin Wang, Lin Li, Sha Li, Fang Xie, Simon P Liversedge, Kevin B Paterson
Age-related reading difficulty is well established for alphabetic languages. Compared to young adults (18-30 years), older adults (65+ years) read more slowly, make more and longer fixations, make more regressions, and produce larger word-frequency effects. However, whether similar effects are observed for nonalphabetic languages like Chinese remains to be determined. In particular, recent research has suggested Chinese readers experience age-related reading difficulty but do not produce age differences in the word-frequency effect...
May 21, 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774584/-i-can-see-fine-patient-knowledge-of-eye-care
#4
Elizabeth L Irving, Alisa M Sivak, Marlee M Spafford
PURPOSE: To learn more about the perceptions and attitudes toward eye care of members of the public - in particular, their knowledge of the purpose, components and providers of eye examinations, their ability to self-monitor ocular status and their awareness of major sight threatening eye conditions. METHODS: This study used the qualitative research strategy, grounded theory. Participants were recruited via poster and social media. Two researchers, one with optometric knowledge and one without, moderated seven 60- to 90-min, semi-structured focus group discussions, which were audiotaped and transcribed...
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774391/comparison-of-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-by-electrocardiography-and-echocardiography-in-children-using-analytics-tool
#5
Lauren Tague, Justin Wiggs, Qianxi Li, Robert McCarter, Elizabeth Sherwin, Jacqueline Weinberg, Craig Sable
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a common finding on pediatric electrocardiography (ECG) leading to many referrals for echocardiography (echo). This study utilizes a novel analytics tool that combines ECG and echo databases to evaluate ECG as a screening tool for LVH. SQL Server 2012 data warehouse incorporated ECG and echo databases for all patients from a single institution from 2006 to 2016. Customized queries identified patients 0-18 years old with LVH on ECG and an echo performed within 24 h. Using data visualization (Tableau) and analytic (Stata 14) software, ECG and echo findings were compared...
May 17, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768340/the-patient-general-satisfaction-of-mandibular-single-implant-overdentures-and-conventional-complete-dentures-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#6
Manabu Kanazawa, Mariko Tanoue, Anna Miyayasu, Shin Takeshita, Daisuke Sato, Mari Asami, Thuy Vo Lam, Khaing Myat Thu, Ken Oda, Yuriko Komagamine, Shunsuke Minakuchi, Jocelyne Feine
BACKGROUND: Mandibular overdentures retained by a single implant placed in the midline of edentulous mandible have been reported to be more comfortable and function better than complete dentures. Although single-implant overdentures are still more costly than conventional complete dentures, there are a few studies which investigated whether mandibular single-implant overdentures are superior to complete dentures when patient general satisfaction is compared. The aim of this study is to assess patient general satisfaction with mandibular single-implant overdentures and complete dentures...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763844/developing-image-sets-for-inducing-obsessive-compulsive-checking-symptoms
#7
Helena Brooks, Stephen A Kichuk, Thomas G Adams, William N Koller, H Nur Eken, Mariela Rance, Shelby Monahan, Suzanne Wasylink, Benjamin Kelmendi, Christopher Pittenger, Patricia Gruner, Michelle Hampson
Visual stimuli are often used for obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptom provocation in research studies. We tested the induction of anxiety and OC checking symptoms across different types of checking provocation stimuli in three populations: individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), individuals with checking symptoms but without a diagnosis of OCD, and control individuals with neither checking symptoms nor a clinical diagnosis. One set of provocative images depicted objects that are commonly associated with checking anxiety...
April 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759090/perceived-discrimination-and-emotional-reactions-in-people-with-different-types-of-disabilities-a-qualitative-approach
#8
Daniel Pérez-Garín, Patricia Recio, Alejandro Magallares, Fernando Molero, Cristina García-Ael
The purpose of this study is to assess the discourse of people with disabilities regarding their perception of discrimination and stigma. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten adults with physical disabilities, ten with hearing impairments and seven with visual impairments. The agreement between the coders showed an excellent reliability for all three groups, with kappa coefficients between .82 and .96. Differences were assessed between the three groups regarding the types of discrimination they experienced and their most frequent emotional responses...
May 15, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752252/conceptualization-and-implementation-of-the-central-information-portal-on-rare-diseases-protocol-for-a-qualitative-study
#9
Svenja Litzkendorf, Tobias Hartz, Jens Göbel, Holger Storf, Frédéric Pauer, Ana Babac, Verena Lührs, Leena Bruckner-Tuderman, Franziska Schauer, Jörg Schmidtke, Lisa Biehl, Tof Wagner, J-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg, Martin Frank
BACKGROUND: Recently, public and political interest has focused on people living with rare diseases and their health concerns. Due to the large number of different types of rare diseases and the sizable number of patients, taking action to improve the life of those affected is gaining importance. In 2013, the federal government of Germany adopted a national action plan for rare diseases, including the call to establish a central information portal on rare diseases (Zentrales Informationsportal über seltene Erkrankungen, ZIPSE)...
May 11, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736651/a-scientometric-review-of-emerging-trends-and-new-developments-in-agricultural-ecological-compensation
#10
Ke He, Junbiao Zhang, Xueting Wang, Yangmei Zeng, Lu Zhang
Agricultural ecological compensation has drawn an increasingly broad range of interest since early 1990s. In recent years, the volume of the literature grows rapidly. As a result, a systematic review of the diverse research field and its current trends becomes essential. This paper surveys the literature of agricultural ecological compensation between 1990 and 2016. Specifically, by employing CiteSpace information visualization software, we firstly identified the research hotspots and evolution path and then illustrated the frontier and developing trend of the domain in core and broader perspectives...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727858/what-a-predator-can-teach-us-about-visual-processing-a-lesson-from-the-archerfish
#11
REVIEW
Mor Ben-Tov, Ohad Ben-Shahar, Ronen Segev
The archerfish is a predator with highly unusual visually guided behavior. It is most famous for its ability to hunt by shooting water jets at static or dynamic insect prey, up to two meters above the water's surface. In the lab, the archerfish can learn to distinguish and shoot at artificial targets presented on a computer screen, thus enabling well-controlled experiments. In recent years, these capacities have turned the archerfish into a model animal for studying a variety of visual functions, from visual saliency and visual search, through fast visually guided prediction, and all the way to higher level visual processing such as face recognition...
May 1, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720202/optimization-of-late-gadolinium-enhancement-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-post-ablation-atrial-scar-a-cross-over-study
#12
Henry Chubb, Shadman Aziz, Rashed Karim, Christian Sohns, Orod Razeghi, Steven E Williams, John Whitaker, James Harrison, Amedeo Chiribiri, Tobias Schaeffter, Matthew Wright, Mark O'Neill, Reza Razavi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging may be used to visualize post-ablation atrial scar (PAAS), and three-dimensional late gadolinium enhancement (3D LGE) is the most widely employed technique for imaging of chronic scar. Detection of PAAS provides a unique non-invasive insight into the effects of the ablation and may help guide further ablation procedures. However, there is evidence that PAAS is often not detected by CMR, implying a significant sensitivity problem, and imaging parameters vary between leading centres...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703868/primary-care-barriers-to-cataract-surgery-in-the-eastern-zone-of-peninsular-malaysia-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#13
M Z Nurulain, S Ahmad, H Asma, M Abdul
OBJECTIVE: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in Malaysia. There is an alarming backlog of cataract extraction surgery as the majority believes they did not require surgery. This study aimed to explore the barriers at the primary care level to cataract surgery from the perspective of patients with severe cataract blindness. METHODS: Eleven participants were involved in this qualitative research which utilised the interpretative phenomenological analysis approach more renowned in health psychology research...
April 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694429/an-effective-content-based-image-retrieval-technique-for-image-visuals-representation-based-on-the-bag-of-visual-words-model
#14
Safia Jabeen, Zahid Mehmood, Toqeer Mahmood, Tanzila Saba, Amjad Rehman, Muhammad Tariq Mahmood
For the last three decades, content-based image retrieval (CBIR) has been an active research area, representing a viable solution for retrieving similar images from an image repository. In this article, we propose a novel CBIR technique based on the visual words fusion of speeded-up robust features (SURF) and fast retina keypoint (FREAK) feature descriptors. SURF is a sparse descriptor whereas FREAK is a dense descriptor. Moreover, SURF is a scale and rotation-invariant descriptor that performs better in the case of repeatability, distinctiveness, and robustness...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685868/development-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-mobile-app-for-overweight-pregnant-women-qualitative-study
#15
Ying Lau, Ling Jie Cheng, Claudia Chi, Cammy Tsai, Kai Wen Ong, Sarah Su Tin Ho-Lim, Wei Wang, Kian-Lee Tan
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps are becoming an increasingly ubiquitous platform for delivery of health behavior interventions among overweight and obese perinatal women. However, only a few methodological guidelines on integrating theory, evidence, and qualitative research for their designs are available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a theory-based, evidence-driven, and user-centered healthy lifestyle app targeting overweight and obese multiethnic pregnant women...
April 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682608/-hallucinations-following-acute-cannabis-dosing-a-case-report-and-comparison-to-other-hallucinogenic-drugs
#16
Frederick S Barrett, Nicolas J Schlienz, Natalie Lembeck, Muhammad Waqas, Ryan Vandrey
Introduction: Cannabis has been historically classified as a hallucinogen. However, subjective cannabis effects do not typically include hallucinogen-like effects. Empirical reports of hallucinogen-like effects produced by cannabis in controlled settings, particularly among healthy research volunteers, are rare and have mostly occurred after administration of purified Δ-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) rather than whole plant cannabis. Methods: The case of a healthy 30-year-old male who experienced auditory and visual hallucinations in a controlled laboratory study after inhaling vaporized cannabis that contained 25 mg THC (case dose) is presented...
2018: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681673/a-qualitative-study-of-cultural-congruency-of-legacy-for-children%C3%A2-for-spanish-speaking-mothers
#17
Lana O Beasley, Jane F Silovsky, Hannah C Espeleta, Lara R Robinson, Sophie A Hartwig, Amanda Morris, Irma Esparza
In recognition of the need to reach more families, the Legacy for Children™ ( Legacy ) program was translated and culturally adapted for Spanish-speaking Hispanic mothers and their infants. This study examined the cultural adaptations and logistical supports needed for successful implementation with Spanish-speaking mothers. The research team used purposive techniques to sample Hispanic bi-lingual providers (N = 14) and supervisors (N = 5) of local home-based parenting programs (Healthy Families, Parents as Teachers, and SafeCare®)...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677040/student-satisfaction-with-blackboard-style-videos
#18
Andrew B Wolf, Sarah E Peyre
Blackboard-style videos with simple drawings illustrating concepts have become immensely popular in recent years. However, there has been no published research evaluating their efficacy in nursing education. This pilot study evaluates the use of blackboard-style videos in an online pathophysiology course. Quantitative and qualitative evaluation data were analyzed to evaluate student satisfaction. The data indicated that students were highly satisfied with the course and the delivery of content using blackboard-style videos...
April 19, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670871/echocardiographic-evaluation-of-ventricular-function-for-the-neonatologist-and-pediatric-intensivist
#19
REVIEW
Cécile Tissot, Yogen Singh, Nicole Sekarski
In the neonatal and pediatric intensive care setting, bedside cardiac ultrasound is often used to assess ventricular dimensions and function. Depending upon the underlying disease process, it is necessary to be able to evaluate the systolic and diastolic function of left and or right ventricles. The systolic function of left ventricle is mostly assessed qualitatively on visual inspection "eye-balling" and quantitatively by measuring circumferential fraction shortening or calculating the ejection fraction by Simpson's planimetry...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651467/outcomes-of-intraoperative-oct-assisted-epiretinal-membrane-surgery-from-the-pioneer-study
#20
Justis P Ehlers, Mehnaz Khan, Daniel Petkovsek, Laura Stiegel, Peter K Kaiser, Rishi P Singh, Jamie L Reese, Sunil K Srivastava
Purpose: To assess the retinal architecture changes which occur during epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery, utilizing intraoperative optical coherence tomography ( i OCT). Design: Prospective multi-surgeon single center study. Subjects/Participants: Subjects from the PIONEER i OCT study who underwent surgical intervention for management of ERM. Methods: All subjects underwent vitrectomy with ERM peeling with optional internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling...
April 2018: Ophthalmology Retina
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