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Visualization of Qualitative Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589308/the-medical-humanities-effect-a-pilot-study-of-pre-health-professions-students-at-the-university-of-rochester
#1
Clayton J Baker, Margie Hodges Shaw, Christopher J Mooney, Susan Dodge-Peters Daiss, Stephanie Brown Clark
Qualitative and quantitative research on the impact of medical and health humanities teaching in baccalaureate education is sparse. This paper reviews recent studies of the impact of medical and health humanities coursework in pre-health professions education and describes a pilot study of baccalaureate students who completed semester-long medical humanities courses in the Division of Medical Humanities & Bioethics at the University of Rochester. The study format was an email survey. All participants were current or former baccalaureate students who had taken one or more courses in literature and narrative in medicine, bioethics, history of medicine, and/or visual arts and healthcare during the past four years...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585431/sensory-quality-evaluation-for-appearance-of-needle-shaped-green-tea-based-on-computer-vision-and-nonlinear-tools
#2
Chun-Wang Dong, Hong-Kai Zhu, Jie-Wen Zhao, Yong-Wen Jiang, Hai-Bo Yuan, Quan-Sheng Chen
Tea is one of the three greatest beverages in the world. In China, green tea has the largest consumption, and needle-shaped green tea, such as Maofeng tea and Sparrow Tongue tea, accounts for more than 40% of green tea (Zhu et al., 2017). The appearance of green tea is one of the important indexes during the evaluation of green tea quality. Especially in market transactions, the price of tea is usually determined by its appearance (Zhou et al., 2012). Human sensory evaluation is usually conducted by experts, and is also easily affected by various factors such as light, experience, psychological and visual factors...
June 2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582257/how-therapists-use-visualizations-of-upper-limb-movement-information-from-stroke-patients-a-qualitative-study-with-simulated-information
#3
Bernd Ploderer, Justin Fong, Marlena Klaic, Siddharth Nair, Frank Vetere, L Eduardo Cofré Lizama, Mary Pauline Galea
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of disability worldwide, with upper limb deficits affecting an estimated 30% to 60% of survivors. The effectiveness of upper limb rehabilitation relies on numerous factors, particularly patient compliance to home programs and exercises set by therapists. However, therapists lack objective information about their patients' adherence to rehabilitation exercises as well as other uses of the affected arm and hand in everyday life outside the clinic. We developed a system that consists of wearable sensor technology to monitor a patient's arm movement and a Web-based dashboard to visualize this information for therapists...
October 5, 2016: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580171/in-silico-analysis-of-pathways-activation-landscape-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-oral-leukoplakia
#4
Eugene Makarev, Adrian D Schubert, Riya R Kanherkar, Nyall London, Mahder Teka, Ivan Ozerov, Ksenia Lezhnina, Atul Bedi, Rajani Ravi, Rannee Mehra, Mohammad O Hoque, Ido Sloma, Daria A Gaykalova, Antonei B Csoka, David Sidransky, Alex Zhavoronkov, Evgeny Izumchenko
A subset of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the most common subtype of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), harbor dysplastic lesions (often visually identified as leukoplakia) prior to cancer diagnosis. Although evidence suggest that leukoplakia represents an initial step in the progression to cancer, signaling networks driving this progression are poorly understood. Here, we applied in silico Pathway Activation Network Decomposition Analysis (iPANDA), a new bioinformatics software suite for qualitative analysis of intracellular signaling pathway activation using transcriptomic data, to assess a network of molecular signaling in OSCC and pre-neoplastic oral lesions...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569530/network-analysis-for-the-visualization-and-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#5
Jennifer J Pokorny, Alex Norman, Anthony P Zanesco, Susan Bauer-Wu, Baljinder K Sahdra, Clifford D Saron
We present a novel manner in which to visualize the coding of qualitative data that enables representation and analysis of connections between codes using graph theory and network analysis. Network graphs are created from codes applied to a transcript or audio file using the code names and their chronological location. The resulting network is a representation of the coding data that characterizes the interrelations of codes. This approach enables quantification of qualitative codes using network analysis and facilitates examination of associations of network indices with other quantitative variables using common statistical procedures...
June 1, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567381/ultrasound-capsule-endoscopy-sounding-out-the-future
#6
Benjamin F Cox, Fraser Stewart, Holly Lay, Gerard Cummins, Ian P Newton, Marc P Y Desmulliez, Robert J C Steele, Inke Näthke, Sandy Cochran
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has been of immense benefit in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders since its introduction in 2001. However, it suffers from a number of well recognized deficiencies. Amongst these is the limited capability of white light imaging, which is restricted to analysis of the mucosal surface. Current capsule endoscopes are dependent on visual manifestation of disease and limited in regards to transmural imaging and detection of deeper pathology. Ultrasound capsule endoscopy (USCE) has the potential to overcome surface only imaging and provide transmural scans of the GI tract...
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566267/toward-the-design-of-evidence-based-mental-health-information-systems-for-people-with-depression-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Fabian Wahle, Lea Bollhalder, Tobias Kowatsch, Elgar Fleisch
BACKGROUND: Existing research postulates a variety of components that show an impact on utilization of technology-mediated mental health information systems (MHIS) and treatment outcome. Although researchers assessed the effect of isolated design elements on the results of Web-based interventions and the associations between symptom reduction and use of components across computer and mobile phone platforms, there remains uncertainty with regard to which components of technology-mediated interventions for mental health exert the greatest therapeutic gain...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494774/expanding-conceptualizations-of-harm-reduction-results-from-a-qualitative-community-based-participatory-research-study-with-people-who-inject-drugs
#8
L M Boucher, Z Marshall, A Martin, K Larose-Hébert, J V Flynn, C Lalonde, D Pineau, J Bigelow, T Rose, R Chase, R Boyd, M Tyndall, C Kendall
BACKGROUND: The perspectives of people who use drugs are critical in understanding why people choose to reduce harm in relation to drug use, what practices are considered or preferred in conceptualizations of harm reduction, and which environmental factors interfere with or support the use of harm reduction strategies. This study explores how people who inject drugs (PWID) think about harm reduction and considers the critical imperative of equity in health and social services delivery for this community...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482912/children-s-attitudes-towards-electronic-gambling-machines-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-children-who-attend-community-clubs
#9
Amy Bestman, Samantha Thomas, Melanie Randle, Hannah Pitt
BACKGROUND: This research sought to explore whether children's visual and auditory exposure to Electronic Gambling Machines (EGMs) in community clubs contributed to shaping their attitudes towards these types of potentially harmful gambling products. This research also examined children's knowledge of EGM behaviours in adults within their social networks. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 45 children in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia...
May 8, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476100/behavioral-antecedents-for-handwashing-in-a-low-income-urban-setting-in-bangladesh-an-exploratory-study
#10
Musarrat J Rahman, Fosiul A Nizame, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby, Peter J Winch
BACKGROUND: Health programs commonly promote handwashing by drawing attention to potential fecal contamination in the environment. The underlying assumption is that the thought of fecal contamination will result in disgust, and motivate people to wash their hands with soap. However, this has not proven sufficient to achieve high rates of handwashing with soap at key times. We argue that handwashing with soap is influenced by broader range of antecedents, many unrelated to fecal contamination, that indicate to people when and where to wash their hands...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469709/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-scalpel-skill-teaching-of-podiatry-students
#11
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Caroline E Fryer, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: Degrees in health disciplines need a balance of theoretical knowledge and sufficient clinical practice to meet registration requirements, in particular those requiring specialist skills such as the use of scalpels and other small instruments, such as podiatry. However, despite this requirement there is a scarcity of literature and research to inform teaching of these particular manual clinical skills. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the current approaches being used to teach manual skills, in particular scalpel skills, in university podiatry programs in Australia and New Zealand, and to explore what issues, challenges and innovations exist...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462764/the-lived-neighborhood-understanding-how-people-with-dementia-engage-with-their-local-environment
#12
Richard Ward, Andrew Clark, Sarah Campbell, Barbara Graham, Agneta Kullberg, Kainde Manji, Kirstein Rummery, John Keady
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we report progress on "Neighborhoods: our people, our places" an international study about how people living with dementia interact with their neighborhoods. The ideas of social health and citizenship are drawn upon to contextualize the data and make a case for recognizing and understanding the strengths and agency of people with dementia. In particular, we address the lived experience of the environment as a route to better understanding the capabilities, capacities, and competencies of people living with dementia...
May 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455280/-the-patient-is-speaking-discovering-the-patient-voice-in-ophthalmology
#13
REVIEW
Samera Dean, Jonathan M Mathers, Melanie Calvert, Derek G Kyte, Dolores Conroy, Annie Folkard, Sue Southworth, Philip I Murray, Alastair K Denniston
Eye disease can be devastating. The most feared impact is sight loss, but in a number of ophthalmic conditions, there can be wide-ranging systemic, psychological, emotional and social effects of both the disease and its treatment. External tests of visual function, such as visual acuity, are inadequate to understand the overall impact of ophthalmic disease on a patient's functional vision or daily life. This can lead to a discordance between the patient's priorities and perspective on the one hand and the efforts of clinicians and other stakeholders on the other hand...
June 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454629/study-of-fingerprints-in-argentina-population-for-application-in-personal-identification
#14
Noemí Rivaldería, Esperanza Gutiérrez-Redomero, Concepción Alonso-Rodríguez, José E Dipierri, Luis M Martín
The fingerprints of the Buenos Aires and Chubut provinces in Argentina have been studied, with the aim of knowing and quantifying the variability of these features, which are used in the identification process. The data studied for this research was obtained from 330 individuals, of both sexes, from two Argentinian population samples (170 individuals from Buenos Aires and 160 from Chubut), which amounts to a total of 3300 fingerprints. The different types of minutiae were located, identified, and visually quantified in four areas on the fingerprint...
May 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442501/chlorokb-a-web-application-for-the-integration-of-knowledge-related-to-chloroplast-metabolic-network
#15
Pauline Gloaguen, Sylvain Bournais, Claude Alban, Stéphane Ravanel, Daphné Seigneurin-Berny, Michel Matringe, Marianne Tardif, Marcel Kuntz, Myriam Ferro, Christophe Bruley, Norbert Rolland, Yves Vandenbrouck, Gilles Curien
Higher plants, as autotrophic organisms, are effective sources of molecules. They hold great promise for metabolic engineering, but the behavior of plant metabolism at the network level is still incompletely described. Although structural models (stoichiometry matrices) and pathway databases are extremely useful, they cannot describe the complexity of the metabolic context, and new tools are required to visually represent integrated biocurated knowledge for use by both humans and computers. Here, we describe ChloroKB, a Web application (http://chlorokb...
June 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403316/educational-video-as-a-healthcare-education-resource-for-people-with-colostomy-and-their-families
#16
Angélica Dalmolin, Nara Marilene Oliveira Girardon-Perlini, Larissa de Carli Coppetti, Gabriela Camponogara Rossato, Joseila Sonego Gomes, Maria Elizete Nunes da Silva
Objective: To know the perceptions of participants in a support group for people with colostomy on the use of video as a resource for health education. Method: Qualitative research with 16 participants in a support group for people with colostomy in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected in April and May of 2016, through a focus group, and subjected to the thematic analysis proposed by Minayo. Results: The results led to three categories: care and self-care are learned alone: the lived reality; health education and learning through educational video: perceived opportunities; the singularities of the educational video from the viewpoint of people with colostomy and their families...
April 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400062/adm-guidance-ceramics-guidance-to-the-use-of-fractography-in-failure-analysis-of-brittle-materials
#17
Susanne S Scherrer, Ulrich Lohbauer, Alvaro Della Bona, Alessandro Vichi, Michael J Tholey, J Robert Kelly, Richard van Noort, Paulo Francisco Cesar
OBJECTIVES: To provide background information and guidance as to how to use fractography accurately, a powerful tool for failure analysis of dental ceramic structures. METHODS: An extended palette of qualitative and quantitative fractography is provided, both for in vivo and in vitro fracture surface analyses. As visual support, this guidance document will provide micrographs of typical critical ceramic processing flaws, differentiating between pre- versus post sintering cracks, grinding damage related failures and occlusal contact wear origins and of failures due to surface degradation...
April 8, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378433/service-user-engagement-a-co-created-interview-schedule-exploring-mental-health-recovery-in-young-adults
#18
Claire-Odile McCauley, Hugh McKenna, Sinead Keeney, Derek McLaughlin
AIM: The aim of this study was to co-create of an interview schedule exploring mental health recovery in collaboration with young adult service users. BACKGROUND: Service user involvement in research has been increasingly recognized as providing a vital authentic insight into mental health recovery. Engagement and collaboration with service users have facilitated the exploration of inaccessible or under-investigated aspects of the lived experience of mental health recovery, not only directing the trajectory of research, but making it relevant to their own contextual experience...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376854/situational-analysis-of-communication-of-hiv-and-aids-information-to-persons-with-visual-impairment-a-case-of-kang-onga-production-centre-in-ndola-zambia
#19
Grace Nsangwe Chintende, Doreen Sitali, Charles Michelo, Oliver Mweemba
BACKGROUND: Despite the increases in health promotion and educational programs on HIV and AIDS, lack of information and communication on HIV and AIDS for the visually impaired persons continues. The underlying factors that create the information and communication gaps have not been fully explored in Zambia. It is therefore important that, this situational analysis on HIV and AIDS information dissemination to persons with visual impairments at Kang'onga Production Centre in Ndola was conducted...
April 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371430/the-cognitive-science-of-sketch-worksheets
#20
Kenneth D Forbus, Maria Chang, Matthew McLure, Madeline Usher
Computational modeling of sketch understanding is interesting both scientifically and for creating systems that interact with people more naturally. Scientifically, understanding sketches requires modeling aspects of visual processing, spatial representations, and conceptual knowledge in an integrated way. Software that can understand sketches is starting to be used in classrooms, and it could have a potentially revolutionary impact as the models and technologies become more advanced. This paper looks at one such effort, Sketch Worksheets, which have been used in multiple classroom experiments already, with students ranging from elementary school to college...
March 29, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
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