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Urinary retention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672561/rich-table-but-short-life-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis-in-danish-astronomer-tycho-brahe-1546-1601-and-its-possible-consequences
#1
Sacha Kacki, Petr Velemínský, Niels Lynnerup, Sylva Kaupová, Alizé Lacoste Jeanson, Ctibor Povýšil, Martin Horák, Jan Kučera, Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Jaroslav Podliska, Zdeněk Dragoun, Jiří Smolík, Jens Vellev, Jaroslav Brůžek
The exhumation of Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) was performed in 2010 to verify speculative views on the cause of his death. Previous analyses of skeletal and hair remains recovered from his grave refuted the presumption that he died from poisoning. These studies also outlined the possibility that he actually died from an acute illness, echoing the rather vague and inaccurate testimony of some historical records. We performed a detailed paleopathological analysis of Tycho Brahe's skeletal remains, along with a reconstruction of his diet based on carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes analysis and an estimate of his physical status (relative body fat) based on medullar and cortical dimensions of the femoral shaft...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668924/dietary-protein-reduction-on-microbial-protein-amino-acids-digestibility-and-body-retention-in-beef-cattle-1-digestibility-sites-and-ruminal-synthesis-estimated-by-purine-bases-and-15n-as-markers
#2
L D S Mariz, P M Amaral, S C Valadares Filho, S A Santos, M I Marcondes, L F Prados, M V C Pacheco, D Zanetti, G C C Menezes, A P Faciola
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of reducing dietary CP contents on (1) total and partial nutrient digestion and nitrogen balance, and (2) on microbial crude protein (MCP) synthesis and true MCP digestibility in the small intestine obtained with 15N and purine bases (PB) in beef cattle. Eight bulls (4 Nellore and 4 Crossbred Angus × Nellore) cannulated in the rumen and ileum were distributed in duplicated 4 4 Latin squares. The diets consisted of increasing CP contents: 100, 120, or 140 g CP/kg DM offered ad libitum, and restricted intake diet (RI) with 120 g CP/kg DM...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664554/extensive-postpartum-urinary-retention-successfully-treated-with-clean-intermittent-catheterization
#3
Paweł Milart, Ewa Beata Wozniakowska, Piotr Czuczwar, Wojciech Wrona, Tomasz Paszkowski
We present a case of extensive urine retention after vaginal delivery. Postpartum urinary retention occurs in 0.7 to 0.9% of vaginal deliveries. In the literature, mediolateral episiotomy, epidural analgesia, perineal lacerations, macrosomic birth and prolonged 2nd stage of labor are suggested as risk factors for postpartum urine retention.
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662744/postoperative-complications-associated-with-rhbmp2-use-in-posterior-posterolateral-lumbar-fusion
#4
Nabil Esmail, Zorica Buser, Jeremiah R Cohen, Darrel S Brodke, Hans-Joerg Meisel, Jong-Beom Park, Jim A Youssef, Jeffrey C Wang, S Tim Yoon
Study Design: Retrospective database review. Objective: Posterior/posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) is an effective treatment for a variety of spinal disorders; however, variations in surgical technique have different complication profiles. The aim of our study was to quantify the frequency of various complications in patients undergoing PLF with and without human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP2). Methods: We queried the orthopedic subset of the Medicare database (PearlDiver) between 2005 and 2011 for patients undergoing PLF procedures with and without rhBMP2...
April 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657470/influence-of-timing-of-surgery-on-cauda-equina-syndrome-outcomes-at-a-national-spinal-centre
#5
Gavin Heyes, Morgan Jones, Eugene Verzin, Greg McLorinan, Nagy Darwish, Niall Eames
Purpose: There is no doubt that the best outcome achieved in Cauda equina syndrome (CES) involves surgical decompression. The controversy regarding outcome lies with timing of surgery. This study reports outcomes on a large population based series. Timing of surgery, Cauda Equina syndrome classification based on British Association of Spine Surgeons (BASS) guidelines and co-morbid illness will be assessed to evaluate influence on outcome. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of all patients surgically decompressed for CES between 01/01/2008 to 01/08/2014 was conducted...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656689/risk-factors-for-postpartum-urinary-retention-after-vaginal-delivery-at-term-without-epidural-anesthesia
#6
Shunji Suzuki, Erina Kakizaki, Risa Kobayashi, Satomi Teshima
OBJECTIVE: We performed a retrospective case-control study of vaginal delivery at term without epidural anesthesia to identify clinical predictions of postpartum urinary retention (PUR). METHODS: We reviewed the obstetric records of all singleton vaginal deliveries at Japanese Red Cross, Katsushika Maternity Hospital form January 2016 through December 2017. RESULTS: There were 58 women (2.4%) complicated by PUR and 2391 women without PUR. A multivariate analysis revealed nulliparity, instrumental delivery and episiotomy as independent risk factors for PUR (nulliparity: adjusted or 2...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652112/mucopexy-recto-anal-lifting-mu-ral-a-standardized-minimally-invasive-method-of-managing-symptomatic-hemorrhoids-with-an-innovative-suturing-technique-and-the-hemorpex-system%C3%A2
#7
Claudio Pagano, Contardo Vergani, Carlo Invernizzi, Massimo Bussone, Guido Benegiamo, Marco Venturi
BACKGROUND: Conservative surgery of hemorrhoidal disease is less painful than traditional hemorrhoidectomy, and mucopexy has less risk of serious postoperative complications than stapled hemorrhoidopexy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a standardized, modified hemorrhoidopexy, named Mucopexy-Recto Anal Lifting (MuRAL),with the HemorPex System (HPS) in patients with symptomatic III and IV degree hemorrhoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were enrolled from May 2013 to Dec 2015 and operated on with the MuRAL technique, based on arterial ligation and mucopexy at 6 locations, using a standardized clockwise/anti-clockwise rotation sequence of the HPS anoscope...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649033/predictors-of-admission-after-the-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-pathway-for-minimally-invasive-gynecologic-surgery
#8
Dayley S Keil, Lauren D Schiff, Erin T Carey, Janelle K Moulder, Amy M Goetzinger, Seema M Patidar, Lyla M Hance, Lavinia M Kolarczyk, Robert S Isaak, Paula D Strassle, Jay W Schoenherr
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways in gynecologic surgery have been shown to decrease length of stay with no impact on readmission, but no study has assessed predictors of admission in this population. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of admission after laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) and robotic-assisted hysterectomy (RAH) performed under an ERAS pathway. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of women undergoing LH/RAH for benign indications within an ERAS pathway...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643327/comparison-of-effects-of-vessel-sealing-devices-and-conventional-hemorrhoidectomy-on-postoperative-pain-and-quality-of-life
#9
Murat Kendirci, İbrahim Tayfun Şahiner, Yeliz Şahiner, Güven Güney
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the early and late results of use of LigaSure, Harmonic Scalpel, and conventional hemorrhoidectomy in hemorrhoidectomy, to determine the least painful method, and to investigate the relationship between pain perception and personal differences in hemorrhoid bundles. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ninety patients undergoing hemorrhoidectomy between 2014 and 2017 were retrospectively evaluated. We investigated the duration of hospitalization and the presence of bleeding, incontinence, perianal wetness, urinary retention, stenosis, and recurrence during follow-up after surgery...
April 12, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627339/-results-of-anastomotic-urethroplasty-for-male-urethral-stricture-disease
#10
B Fall, C Zeondo, Y Sow, A Sarr, B Sine, A Thiam, S T Faye, O Sow, A Traoré, B Diao, P A Fall, A K Ndoye, M Ba
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with anastomotic uretroplasty (AU) due to male urethral stricture disease (USD) and to identify factors affecting the results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study over a period of 4 years and 6 months (July 2012 to December 2016). Any subsequent use of endoscopic urethrotomy or new urethroplasty was considered a failure. RESULTS: Forty-eight cases were included. The mean age of patients was 53...
April 4, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624549/phase-ii-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-transanal-endoscopic-total-mesorectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer
#11
Sung Chan Park, Dae Kyung Sohn, Min Jung Kim, Hee Jin Chang, Kyung Su Han, Jong Hee Hyun, Jungnam Joo, Jae Hwan Oh
BACKGROUND: Total mesorectal excision has become the standard treatment for rectal cancer, and several investigators have shown that a transanal approach is a feasible option. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of transanal endoscopic total mesorectal excision in patients with rectal cancer. DESIGN: This study was a prospective, single-arm phase II trial. It was registered on clinicaltrials.gov under identifier NCT02406118...
May 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623108/electrical-neuromodulation-in-the-management-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-evidence-experience-and-future-prospects
#12
REVIEW
Alejandro Abello, Anurag K Das
Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is common and causes a spectrum of morbidity and decreased quality of life (QoL) for patients. LUTD can range from urinary retention to urge incontinence, and includes a variety of syndromes, with the most common and widely recognized being overactive bladder (OAB). The classic treatments of LUTD and OAB comprise different strategies including behavioral therapies, medications and minimally invasive or invasive surgical procedures. Generally, once patients have tried behavioral modifications and oral medical therapy, and have not experienced adequate relief of their symptoms, the next step is to consider minimally invasive therapies...
May 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620645/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-single-incision-mini-slings-miniarc-versus-transobturator-mid-urethral-slings-in-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence
#13
Binbin Jiao, Shicong Lai, Xin Xu, Meng Zhang, Tongxiang Diao, Guan Zhang
BACKGROUND: To assess the current evidence of effectiveness and safety of single-incision mini-slings (MiniArc) versus transobturator midurethral slings in the management of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: A systematic search was performed from the electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library by November 2017. Using RevMan5.3 statistical software, the primary outcomes including subject and objective cure rates at 6 to 24 months follow-up were evaluated...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619251/spinal-subdural-hematoma-and-ankylosing-spondylitis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Darian R Esfahani, Harsh P Shah, Mandana Behbahani, Gregory D Arnone, Ankit I Mehta
Introduction: Spinal subdural hematomas are rare, disabling hemorrhages. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a relatively common inflammatory condition of the spine that can progress to a fragile, unstable fusion vulnerable to fracture. While spinal epidural hematomas have been described, subdural hematomas to date have not been reported in AS. In this report, we describe the unique case of a patient on warfarin with AS who developed a spinal subdural hematoma and fracture in the absence of trauma...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617085/the-role-of-bladder-diverticula-in-the-prevalence-of-acute-urinary-retention-in-patients-with-bph-who-are-candidates-to-surgery
#15
Alexandre Iscaife, Gabriel Dos Anjos, Cristovão Barbosa, Willian Carlos Nahas, Miguel Srougi, Alberto Azoubel Antunes
INTRODUCTION: The urinary bladder diverticula (BD) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a complication that can lead to urinary stasis, stone, urinary tract infection (UTI) and tumors. It's role in acute urinary retention (AUR) is not totally understood. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of BD size on AUR rates in patients with BPH candidates to surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 47 patients with BPH and BD who underwent BPH surgery associated to complete bladder diverticulectomy from 2006 to 2016...
March 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617081/comparing-the-short-term-outcomes-and-complications-of-monopolar-and-bipolar-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumors-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disese-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Deniz Bolat, Bulent Gunlusoy, Ozgu Aydogdu, Mehmet Erhan Aydin, Cetin Dincel
INTRODUCTION: To compare the perioperative outcomes and complications of monopolar and bipolar transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 CAD patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer who underwent TURBT were randomized into monopolar TURBT (M-TURBT) and bipolar TURBT (B-TURBT) groups. Primary outcome was safety of the procedures including obturator jerk, bladder perforation, clot retention, febrile urinary tract infection and TUR syndrome...
February 24, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616284/-urology-and-alternative-medicine-1900-1970
#17
REVIEW
F G Mildenberger
Disorders of the lower abdomen were often associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or related conditions. The urological diagnostic workup and treatment was based on the idea that technical devices and objective scientific examination methods would lead to targeted success. The fact that illnesses such as urinary retention, urinary incontinence, urge incontinence, orchitis or urethritis often implicated psychosomatic complications and had a possibly far more important impact on sexual life did not play a role in the early years of urology...
April 3, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608020/prostatic-stromal-inflammation-is-associated-with-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#18
So Inamura, Hideaki Ito, Tomochika Shinagawa, Manami Tsutsumiuchi, Minekatsu Taga, Motohiro Kobayashi, Osamu Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common urologic disease in older men. Prostatic inflammation research has focused on the magnitude of inflammation; its location has received little attention. We investigated whether the anatomic location of prostatic inflammation is related to the severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), measured subjectively and objectively. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed hematoxylin+eosin-stained tissue specimens from 179 BPH patients who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP)...
April 2, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607871/herpes-zoster-induced-acute-urinary-retention-two-cases-and-literature-review
#19
H He, C Tang, X Yi, W Zhou
We report two uncommon cases of acute urinary retention in Chinese patients caused by reactivation of sacral herpes zoster and requiring bladder drainage. Indwelling urinary catheterization, antiviral medication (ganciclovir), and physiotherapy with infrared light (830 nm) led to successful recovery of the micturition reflex in both cases.
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606725/sacrocaudal-sacrococcygeal-intervertebral-disc-protrusion-in-2-cats
#20
Gianluca Magi, Giunio Bruto Cherubini, Olivier Taeymans
One cat was presented for investigation of urinary retention and constipation and a second cat was presented with decreased appetite, reluctance to jump, reduced level of activity, and constipation. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed dorsal bulging of the hypo-intense intervertebral disc at S3-Cd1 on fast spin echo T2. Dorsal laminectomy was performed and both cats recovered with resolution of neurological signs.
April 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
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