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Distal radius volar plate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070676/-upper-extremity-fractures-in-the-elderly
#1
Roland Biber, S Grüninger, H J Bail
Upper extremity fractures in the elderly are very frequent and second only to hip fractures in the group of fragility fractures. Their impact on mobility and functional decline seems to be underestimated especially when they occur in combination with lower extremity fractures. Fractures of the proximal humerus and the distal radius can often be treated conservatively; however, the indications for operative treatment must not be based on fracture morphology alone and due consideration should be given to all concomitant circumstances affecting functional aspects of patients...
January 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052831/orthogonal-plate-fixation-with-corrective-osteotomy-for-treatment-of-distal-radius-fracture-malunion
#2
Michael P Gaspar, Jenniefer Y Kho, Patrick M Kane, Hesham M Abdelfattah, Randall W Culp
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of patients with distal radius fracture malunions treated with corrective osteotomy and orthogonal volar and radial "90-90" plate fixation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent distal radius corrective osteotomy and 90-90 fixation from January 2008 through December 2014. Demographic data, injury history, prior treatments, and clinical examination values were recorded. Preoperative radiographic measurements were used to classify the type and severity of deformity...
January 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040075/results-of-geriatric-distal-radius-fractures-treated-by-intramedullary-fixation
#3
Steffi S I Falk, Thomas Mittlmeier, Georg Gradl
INTRODUCTION: Distal radius fracture are common injuries but no gold standard for their therapy exists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of fracture care in distal radius fractures using an intramedullary implant (Targon DR interlocking nail). The nail had been developed to minimize the surgical exposure, increase fixation strength, to prevent tendon irritations and to allow for a fast return to activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective study reports the result of 43 patients with an age over 70 years (range 70-91 years) treated by closed reduction and intramedullary fixation...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040073/fixation-of-intra-articular-fractures-of-the-distal-radius-using-intramedullary-nailing-a-randomized-trial-versus-palmar-locking-plates
#4
Gertraud Gradl, Steffi Falk, Thomas Mittlmeier, Martina Wendt, Nadja Mielsch, Georg Gradl
BACKGROUND: Proposed benefits of intramedullary techniques include limited soft tissue dissection while affording sufficient stability to allow early wrist motion. The primary null hypothesis of this randomized trial was that there is no significant difference with respect to functional outcome, pain and disability between patients treated with either 2.4-mm volar locking plate fixation or intramedullary nail fixation of intra-articular fractures of the distal radius. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre, prospective randomized matched-pairs trial...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003828/volar-locking-plate-breakage-after-nonunion-of-a-distal-radius-osteotomy
#5
Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Sergi Rodríguez-Alabau, Andrea Sallent, Francisco Soldado, Xavier Mir
We report a 38-year-old male with a nonunion followed by plate breakage after volar plating of a distal radius osteotomy. Volar locking plates have added a new approach to the treatment of distal radius malunions, due to a lower morbidity of the surgical approach and the strength of the final construction, allowing early mobilization and return to function. Conclusion. Plate breakage is an uncommon complication of volar locking plate fixation. To our knowledge, few cases have been described after a distal radius fracture and no case has been described after a distal radius corrective osteotomy...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999458/titanium-versus-stainless-steel-plating-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-distal-radius-fractures-a-randomized-trial
#6
Sameer Shakir, Sanjay Naran, Mithun Neral, Ronit Wollstein
Our purpose was to compare postoperative complications and rate of plate removal in titanium and stainless-steel plating of distal radius fractures (DRF). Patients following DRF were randomly fixed with titanium or stainless-steel plates using the same plating system. Complications, second surgeries, and plate prominence were documented. A total of 41 patients were treated with stainless-steel and 22 with titanium plates. Average follow-up was 60 ± 5.6 months. There was no difference in demographics, fracture characteristics, or follow-up between the groups...
December 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923763/minimally-invasive-hardware-removal-after-minimally-invasive-distal-radius-plate-osteosynthesis-mipo-feasibility-study-in-a-388-case-series
#7
Pier Luigi Medda, Anne-Sophie Matheron, Juan José Hidalgo Diaz, Nicolas Maire, Paul Vernet, Sybille Facca, Philippe Liverneaux
The aim of the present study was to assess the technical feasibility of minimally invasive volar plate removal following distal radius fracture. 388 plates removed from 387 patients (357 female: mean age, 50 years) were assessed retrospectively. The incision used the primary minimally invasive approach and was closed after plate removal by intradermal continuous suture, without drainage or immobilization. Mean scar size was 22.2mm preoperatively, and the incision was 19.8mm at start and 21.4mm at end of procedure, these differences being non-significant...
December 3, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890220/-complications-of-volar-locking-plates-used-to-treat-distal-radius-fractures
#8
G Herzberg, A Marc, M Burnier
About 10 years after volar locking plates were introduced to treat acute distal radius fractures, several papers have reported short-term complications. The aim of this paper was to report our complication rate over a 2-year period and to compare it to the literature. We found similar complication rates despite different classification systems. Because of the prospective nature of our study, we were able to demonstrate that extra-articular and/or intra-articular scores exceeding 8 points on a 12-points scale were statistically associated with more complications, irrespective of the patient's overall health and age...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890218/-is-external-or-internal-distraction-useful-for-treating-distal-radial-fractures
#9
M Rongières
The use of external fixation or internal plating to bridge communitive fractures of the distal radius is discussed based on a review of prospective and meta-analysis studies. Distraction by an external fixator is not advised (ligamentotaxis) because of the high incidence of complex regional pain syndrome and the destabilization of bone and ligaments surrounding the intra-articular fracture site. The external fixator must be used as a neutralization device and supplemented with K-wire or volar plate fixation...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890217/-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-mipo-with-volar-locking-plates-in-distal-radius-fractures-a-review
#10
P Liverneaux, S Ichihara, S Facca, J J Hidalgo Diaz
Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has been used in recent years to treat fractures of the distal radius with volar locking plates. Its advantages are the preservation of the pronator quadratus and good esthetics. The MIPO technique was described originally with two incisions: one distal transverse or longitudinal incision and one proximal longitudinal incision. The trend is now to use a single longitudinal incision less than 20mm long. Functional and radiological outcomes are comparable to those of conventional techniques...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890198/-treatment-of-extra-articular-distal-radius-fractures-in-active-elderly-patients
#11
F Loisel, C Menez, E Boyer, S Huard, L Obert
Extra-articular distal radius fractures in active elderly patients are common and predominantly affect females. The high number of patients lost to follow-up compromises the evaluation of outcomes. Treatment aims to control the comminution and allow fast recovery of pre-injury activity levels. Fixation with volar locking plates is the gold standard. The role of bone substitutes in this type of injury is unclear.
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849675/brachioradialis-tendon-coverage-in-volar-distal-radius-plating
#12
Nicholas B Jew, John W Karl, Evan Trupia, Robert J Strauch, James H Calandruccio
Volar plate fixation of unstable distal radius fractures has become the preferred technique by most surgeons for the operative treatment of displaced distal radius fractures. Flexor tendon rupture is a rare but serious complication associated with this operation that is thought to be due to irritation of the flexor tendons over the prominent distal edge of the plate. We describe a novel technique of using the brachioradialis tendon to cover the distal edge of the plate to help prevent tendon irritation and rupture...
December 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847680/distal-radius-fracture-outcomes-and-rehabilitation
#13
Tochukwu C Ikpeze, Heather C Smith, Daniel J Lee, John C Elfar
Distal radius fractures account for nearly 1 of every 5 fractures in individuals aged 65 or older. Moreover, increased susceptibility to vertebral and hip fractures has been documented in patients a year after suffering a distal radius fracture. Although women are more susceptible to hip fractures, men experience a higher mortality rate in the 7 years following a distal radius fracture. Traditional approaches to distal radius fractures have included both surgical and nonsurgical treatments, with predominant complaints involving weakness, stiffness, and pain...
December 2016: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836497/flexor-tendon-complications-in-comminuted-distal-radius-fractures-treated-with-anatomic-volar-rim-locking-plates
#14
Adnan Kara, Haluk Celik, Yunus Oc, Metin Uzun, Mehmet Erdil, Cihangir Tetik
OBJECTIVE: Anatomic volar rim locking plates are designed with the aim of treating intraarticular distal radius fractures. When used to treat comminuted distal radius fractures, these plates can damage the flexor tendons. In this study, we sought to determine the radiological and functional results and rate of complications of these plates. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 36 patients (28 males, 8 females; mean age: 46.4 years) with AO/OTA Type C2-C3 distal radius fractures treated with anatomic volar rim distal radius plates between January 2011 and December 2014...
November 8, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826652/treatment-of-physeal-fractures-of-the-distal-radius-by-volar-intrafocal-kapandji-method-surgical-technique
#15
Guy Rubin, Hagay Orbach, Avi Chezar, Nimrod Rozen
BACKGROUND: Distal radial physeal fractures with volar displacement are rare. Several methods of operative treatment include volar plate without inserting distal screws, percutaneous technique using two anterior skin incisions and reversed Kapandji technique with pins introduced through a posterior approach and locked at the anterior cortex of the fracture. METHODS: We report three cases along with a literature review of the surgical techniques described in the past and a novel surgical technique for this uncommon fracture termed "Volar Kapandji"...
November 8, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803378/do-volar-locking-plates-fit-the-volar-cortex-of-the-distal-radius
#16
D-S Kwak, J-Y Lee, J-H Im, H-J Song, D Park
: The purpose of this study was to measure the volar cortical angles of the commercially available volar locking plates and evaluate how well they fit the distal radius. We measured the volar cortical angles of the radial and intermediate columns of eight volar locking plates and compared them with the volar cortical angles of 90 cadaver distal radii. The mean radial and intermediate column volar cortical angles of the wider plates were significantly larger than those of narrower plates...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801774/the-efcr-approach-and-the-radial-septum-understanding-the-anatomy-and-improving-volar-exposure-for-distal-radius-fractures-imagine-what-you-could-do-with-an-extra-inch
#17
Jorge L Orbay, Robert Gray, Lauren L Vernon, Scott M Sandilands, Anthony R Martin, Sofia M Vignolo
Locked volar plating is the most common surgical procedure to address distal radius fractures. The extended flexor carpi radialis approach continues to be an excellent method for visualizing distal radius fractures and applying a volar plate. A new understanding of the anatomy allows for better visualization and reduction of the many different distal radius fracture patterns surgeons commonly see. Within the extended flexor carpi radialis approach, we describe the radial septum in further detail including the anatomy which comprises the radial septum triangle...
December 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795951/volar-locking-distal-radius-plates-show-better-short-term-results-than-other-treatment-options-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Herwig Drobetz, Lidia Koval, Patrick Weninger, Ruth Luscombe, Paula Jeffries, Stefan Ehrendorfer, Clare Heal
AIM: To compare the outcomes of displaced distal radius fractures treated with volar locking plates and with immediate postoperative mobilisation with the outcomes of these fractures treated with modalities that necessitate 6 wk wrist immobilisation. METHODS: A prospective, randomised controlled single-centre trial was conducted with 56 patients who had a displaced radius fracture were randomised to treatment either with a volar locking plate (n = 29), or another treatment modality (n = 27; cast immobilisation with or without wires or external fixator)...
October 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783838/ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-flexor-pollicis-longus-tendon-after-plate-fixation
#19
Chieko Kadoma, Masatoshi Takahara, Masahiro Maruyama, Hiroshi Satake, Michiaki Takagi
Rupture of the flexor pollicis longus tendon is a major complication after volar locking plate fixation of distal radius fracture. This study used ultrasonography to assess the flexor pollicis longus tendon and intermediate tissue. The study assessed 27 patients (28 wrists) who underwent removal of the volar locking plate. Before plate removal, radiography and ultrasonography were performed to assess the relation between the flexor pollicis longus tendon and the volar locking plate. Intraoperatively, the authors evaluated the intermediate tissues between the flexor pollicis longus tendon and the distal volar margin of the plate...
October 25, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777813/the-etiology-and-pathogenesis-of-kienb%C3%A3-ck-disease
#20
Gregory Ian Bain, Simon Bruce Murdoch MacLean, Chong Jin Yeo, Egon Perilli, David M Lichtman
Kienböck disease is a condition that typically occurs in the "at-risk" patient, in the "at-risk" aspect of the proximal condyle of the "at-risk" lunate. In the active male, repetitive loading causes the stress fracture that commences in the single layer proximal subchondral bone plate. The lunate fracture commences at the point the lunate cantilevers over the edge of the distal radius, and then takes on the shape of the radius. We postulate that the stress fracture violates the parallel veins of the venous subarticular plexus-leading to localized venous hypertension and subsequent ischemia and edema of the fatty marrow...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
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