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Neutrophil lymphocytic ratio in cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213742/comparison-of-systemic-inflammatory-and-nutritional-scores-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-who-underwent-potentially-curative-resection
#1
Ryuma Tokunaga, Yasuo Sakamoto, Shigeki Nakagawa, Daisuke Izumi, Keisuke Kosumi, Katsunobu Taki, Takaaki Higashi, Tatsunori Miyata, Yuji Miyamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Various systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores have been reported to predict postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the best systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who underwent potentially curative resection. METHOD: We evaluated 468 consecutive CRC patients in this study. Comparisons of systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores, including the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic index (PI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), were performed using univariate/multivariate analyses for patient survival...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212535/integration-of-the-cancer-related-inflammatory-response-as-a-stratifying-biomarker-of-survival-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-sorafenib
#2
Jessica Howell, David J Pinato, Ramya Ramaswami, Tadaaki Arizumi, Carlotta Ferrari, Antonello Gibbin, Michela E Burlone, Giulia Guaschino, Pierluigi Toniutto, James Black, Laura Sellers, Masatoshi Kudo, Mario Pirisi, Rohini Sharma
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Response to sorafenib is highly variable in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Baseline inflammatory parameters and treatment toxicities may improve survival prediction in patients on sorafenib therapy. RESULTS: 442 patients with advanced stage HCC on sorafenib were recruited (follow-up 5096 person-months at risk). 88% had BCLC stage B or greater HCC and 72.3% had Child-Pugh A cirrhosis. On Cox multivariate regression, previously-treated HCC (HR 0...
February 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210087/prognostic-significance-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-stage-iii-and-iv-colorectal-cancer
#3
Jae Hyun Kim, Jun Yeop Lee, Hae Koo Kim, Jin Wook Lee, Sung Gyu Jung, Kyoungwon Jung, Sung Eun Kim, Won Moon, Moo In Park, Seun Ja Park
AIM: To evaluate the prognostic value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Between April 1996 and December 2010, medical records from a total of 1868 patients with CRC were retrospectively reviewed. The values of simple inflammatory markers including NLR and PLR in predicting the long-term outcomes of these patients were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression models...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209123/relationships-between-longitudinal-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratios-body-weight-changes-and-overall-survival-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
B A Derman, J N Macklis, M S Azeem, S Sayidine, S Basu, M Batus, F Esmail, J A Borgia, P Bonomi, M J Fidler
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence showing a significant relationship between overall survival (OS) in non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC patients and weight change during chemotherapy or chemoradiation. A high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at baseline and at follow-up is associated with shorter survival in cancer patients and may be a surrogate for ongoing inflammation, implicated in cancer cachexia and tumor progression. The objective of this study is to explore potential relationships between OS, serial weights, and serial NLRs in advanced NSCLC patients receiving chemotherapy...
February 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208664/the-role-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-for-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-treated-with-abiraterone
#5
Martin Boegemann, Katrin Schlack, Stefan Thomes, Julie Steinestel, Kambiz Rahbar, Axel Semjonow, Andres Jan Schrader, Martin Aringer, Laura-Maria Krabbe
The purpose of this study was to examine the prognostic capability of baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio (NLR) and NLR-change under Abiraterone in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients. The impact of baseline NLR and change after eight weeks of treatment on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier-estimates and Cox-regression. 79 men with baseline NLR <5 and 17 with NLR >5 were analyzed. In baseline analysis of PFS NLR >5 was associated with non-significantly shorter median PFS (five versus 10 months) (HR: 1...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188682/stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-for-inoperable-primary-kidney-cancer-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#6
Shankar Siva, Daniel Pham, Tomas Kron, Mathias Bressel, Jacqueline Lam, Tan Teng Han, Brent Chesson, Mark Shaw, Sarat Chander, Suki Gill, Nicholas R Brook, Nathan Lawrentschuck, Declan G Murphy, Farshad Foroudi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) for RCC in patients unsuitable for surgery. Secondary objectives were to assess oncologic and functional outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective interventional clinical trial with institutional ethics board approval. Inoperable patients were enrolled after multidisciplinary consensus for intervention and informed consent. Tumor response was defined using RECIST 1...
February 10, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187463/preoperative-albumin-to-globulin-ratio-predicts-survival-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients
#7
Zhen Chen, Yingjie Shao, Hongwei Yao, Qianfeng Zhuang, Kun Wang, Zhaoyu Xing, Xianlin Xu, Xiaozhou He, Renfang Xu
In this retrospective analysis, we evaluated associations between albumin to globulin ratio (AGR), clinicopathological characteristics, and survival in 592 patients with localized or locally advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) prior to nephrectomy. We found that low AGR was associated with more aggressive tumor behavior; patients with low AGR had poorer overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in Kaplan-Meier survival analyses both before and after propensity score matching, which was used to compensate for differences in baseline clinicopathological characteristics...
February 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187430/prognostic-significance-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-cervical-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#8
Qi-Tao Huang, Qian-Qian Man, Jia Hu, Yi-Lin Yang, Yue-Mei Zhang, Wei Wang, Mei Zhong, Yan-Hong Yu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prognostic role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in cervical cancer are controversial. We conducted this meta-analysis to obtain a more accurate assessment of prognostic significance of NLR in cervical cancer. RESULTS: A total of 9 studies, consisting of 2,804 patients, were selected in this meta-analysis. Our pooled results showed that high pre-treatment NLR level was significantly associated with poorer overall survival (HR: 1.88, 95% CI 1...
6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184256/immunomethylomic-approach-to-explore-the-blood-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-nlr-in-glioma-survival
#9
John K Wiencke, Devin C Koestler, Lucas A Salas, Joseph L Wiemels, Ritu P Roy, Helen M Hansen, Terri Rice, Lucie S McCoy, Paige M Bracci, Annette M Molinaro, Karl T Kelsey, Margaret R Wrensch, Brock C Christensen
BACKGROUND: Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) within DNA isolated from whole blood can be used to estimate the proportions of circulating leukocyte subtypes. We use the term "immunomethylomics" to describe the application of these immune lineage DMRs to studying leukocyte profiles. Here, we applied this approach to peripheral blood DNA from 72 glioma patients with molecularly defined brain tumors, representing common patient groups with defined characteristic survival times and risk factors...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174011/prognostic-role-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-based-markers-during-pre-and-postadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-advanced-urothelial-carcinoma-of-upper-urinary-tract
#10
Minyong Kang, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Ja Hyeon Ku
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the prognostic significance of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR)-based markers before and after adjuvant chemotherapy (ACH) in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract (UTUC) undergoing radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) and ACH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data from 112 patients with advanced UTUC who had undergone first-line ACH after RNU from 1994 to 2012 were reviewed. After excluding 22 patients, the clinicopathologic data for 90 patients were analyzed, in particular, the NLR and derived NLR (dNLR) preoperatively and before and after ACH...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162942/can-the-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-significantly-predict-the-conditional-survival-probability-in-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy
#11
Minyong Kang, Ulanbek J Balpukov, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Ja Hyeon Ku
INTRODUCTION: The present study investigated the prognostic value of the preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC), with a focus on the conditional survival (CS) estimates over time after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 385 bladder cancer patients who underwent RC from 1999 to 2012. The patients were classified into 2 groups according to the preoperative NLR (< 2.5 vs. ≥ 2.5)...
January 9, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161931/prognostic-factors-and-scoring-model-for-survival-in-metastatic-biliary-tract-cancer
#12
Hyung Soon Park, Ji Soo Park, You Jin Chun, Yun Ho Roh, Jieun Moon, Hong Jae Chon, Hye Jin Choi, Joon Seong Park, Dong Ki Lee, Se-Joon Lee, Dong Sup Yoon, Hei-Cheul Jeung
Purpose: Metastatic biliary tract cancer (mBTC) has a dismal prognosis. In this study, an independent dataset of patients with mBTC was used to implement and validate a routine clinico-laboratory parameter-based scoring model for risk group identification. Materials and Methods: From September 2006 to February 2015, 482 patients with mBTC were assigned randomly (ratio, 7:3) into investigational (n = 340) and validation datasets (n = 142). The continuous variables were dichotomized using a normal range or the best cutoff values determined using the Contal and O'Quigley statistical methods...
February 6, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161841/prognostic-factors-of-first-line-docetaxel-treatment-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-roles-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-from-northwestern-china
#13
Xin-Qi Pei, Da-Lin He, Ge Tian, Wei Lv, Yu-Mei Jiang, Da-Peng Wu, Jin-Hai Fan, Kai-Jie Wu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with therapeutic response in patients who were treated with docetaxel for mCRPC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data from 111 consecutive patients who were treated with docetaxel for mCRPC from 2009 to 2016 in a single center from Northwestern China. Pretreatment baseline and follow-up data including age, PSA response, Gleason score, and cycle number were reviewed, and multivariable Cox regression models and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to predict overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS)...
February 4, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156669/a-novel-scoring-system-to-predict-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-the-memorial-prognostic-score-mps
#14
Alison Wiesenthal, Andrew S Epstein, Junting Zheng, Jessica Goldberg, Jason Meadows, Eileen Mary O'Reilly, Paul A Glare
: 36 Background: A major limitation of prognostic tools such as the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG), Karnofsky, and Palliative Performance Scale is a reliance on subjective clinical assessment. An objective tool, the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) is derived from C-reactive Protein (CRP) and albumin and has been validated in patients with operable and inoperable malignancies. One disadvantage of this tool is that CRP is not routinely measured in the United States. We examined if the Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratios (NLR) (Ahn, H...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155861/preoperative-adjuvant-transarterial-chemoembolization-cannot-improve-the-long-term-outcome-of-radical-therapies-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Lei Jianyong, Zhong Jinjing, Yan Lunan, Zhu Jingqiang, Wang Wentao, Zeng Yong, Li Bo, Wen Tianfu, Yang Jiaying
Combinations of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radical therapies (pretransplantation, resection and radiofrequency ablation) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have been reported as controversial issues in recent years. A consecutive sample of 1560 patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage A/B HCC who underwent solitary Radiofrequency ablation (RFA), resection or liver transplantation (LT) or adjuvant pre-operative TACE were included. The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates and tumor-free survival rates were comparable between the solitary radical therapy group and TACE combined group in the whole group and in each of the subgroups (RFA, resection and LT) (P > 0...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154994/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-outcome-in-limited-disease-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Lukas Käsmann, Louisa Bolm, Steven E Schild, Stefan Janssen, Dirk Rades
INTRODUCTION: Patients with limited disease small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) receive radiochemotherapy followed by prophylactic cranial irradiation. The prognosis of these patients remains poor with a median survival of 16-24 months. Systemic inflammation was suggested as an important prognostic factor for outcomes. This study investigated the impact of systemic inflammation measured with neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) at first diagnosis in patients with limited disease SCLC for outcomes...
February 2, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151879/relation-between-tumor-fdg-uptake-and-hematologic-prognostic-indicators-in-stage-i-lung-cancer-patients-following-curative-resection
#17
Eugene Jeong, Seung Hyup Hyun, Seung Hwan Moon, Young Seok Cho, Byung-Tae Kim, Kyung-Han Lee
Hematologic parameters of systemic inflammation are receiving attention as promising prognostic indicators in cancer patients. Here, we investigated the relation and compared the prognostic values of circulating blood cell-based parameters and tumor F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in patients with stage I nonsmall cell lung cancers (NSCLC).Subjects were 1034 patients with newly diagnosed stage I NSCLC who underwent FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) followed by curative resection...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149561/prognostic-significance-of-red-cell-distribution-width-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-resection-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
Junji Ichinose, Tomohiro Murakawa, Mitsuaki Kawashima, Kazuhiro Nagayama, Jun-Ichi Nitadori, Masaki Anraku, Jun Nakajima
BACKGROUND: The impact of red cell distribution width (RDW) on outcomes in elderly patients after surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not fully understood. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 992 NSCLC patients who underwent curative resection between 1998 and 2012. The following variables were included in the analyses to evaluate the role of RDW: age, gender, smoking index, leukocyte count, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), hemoglobin, platelet count, albumin, C-reactive protein, carcinoembryonic antigen, respiratory function, histology, T factor, N factor, surgical approach, surgical procedures, complications and prognosis...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148894/predictive-value-of-hematological-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-for-managing-cervical-cancer
#19
Lin Wang, Jing Jia, Lu Lin, Junying Guo, Xingming Ye, Xiongwei Zheng, Ying Chen
The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and red cell distribution width (RDW) are markers of systemic inflammation with prognostic significance for cancers. The aim of the study was to investigate the predictive significance of pretreatment values of NLR, PLR, and RDW in cervical cancer. We retrospectively analyzed 515 patients with cancer. Median values of NLR and PLR were higher in patients with cancer compared with controls and were consistently elevated during tumor progression, while the RDW was uninformative...
January 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144151/validation-of-a-novel-prognostic-scoring-system-using-inflammatory-response-biomarkers-in-patients-undergoing-curative-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Noriyuki Hirahara, Yusuke Fujii, Tetsu Yamamoto, Ryoji Hyakudomi, Takanori Hirayama, Takahito Taniura, Kazunari Ishitobi, Yoshitsugu Tajima
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory markers, including the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio have been shown to predict postoperative recurrence and survival in various types of cancer. However, their role in esophageal cancer has yet to be determined. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of an inflammatory response biomarker (IRB) score, independent of conventional clinicopathological criteria, in patients with esophageal cancer undergoing curative resection...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
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