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Neutrophil lymphocytic ratio in cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811903/value-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-for-predicting-lung-cancer-prognosis-a-meta-analysis-of-7-219-patients
#1
Yu Yu, Lei Qian, Jiuwei Cui
Current evidence suggests that the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may be a biomarker for poor prognosis in lung cancer, although this association remains controversial. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the association between NLR and lung cancer outcome. A systematic literature search was performed through the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases (until July 30, 2016), to identify studies evaluating the association between NLR and overall survival (OS) and/or progression-free survival (PFS) among patients with lung cancer...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810877/neutrophils-in-cancer-prognostic-role-and-therapeutic-strategies
#2
REVIEW
Alberto Ocana, Cristina Nieto-Jiménez, Atanasio Pandiella, Arnoud J Templeton
Expression of high levels of immune cells including neutrophils has been associated with detrimental outcome in several solid tumors and new strategies to decrease their presence and activity are currently under clinical development. Here, we review some of the relevant literature of the role of neutrophils in different stages of the oncogenic process including tumor initiation, growth, proliferation or metastatic spreading and also focus on how neutrophil counts or the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may be used as a prognostic and predictive biomarker...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808503/prognostic-efficacy-of-inflammation-based-markers-in-patients-with-curative-colorectal-cancer-resection
#3
Özgür Akgül, Erdinç Çetinkaya, Metin Yalaza, Sabri Özden, Mesut Tez
AIM: To evaluate the prognostic significance of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and other clinicopathological factors in patients undergoing curative resection of colon cancer. METHODS: 183 patients with histologically proven colorectal cancer who had undergone potentially curative resection between 2010 and 2016 at Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital were retrospectively analyzed and clinicopathological characteristics included age, sex, tumor type, grade, size and localization, the number of metastatic and total number of lymph nodes removed, vascular and perineural invasion of the tumor, TNM stages, tumor marker levels (CEA, CA19-9, AFP, CA-125, CA15-3), complete blood counts, albumin levels, overall survival (months), NLR, PLR, LMR and PNI ratios were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed from the electronic database...
July 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799624/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-prognostic-indicator-for-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-cancer
#4
Guo-Dong Gao, Bo Sun, Xian-Bin Wang, Shi-Meng Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with overall survival (OS) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. METHOD: Records of patients with diagnosed ESCC were reviewed. Leukocyte counts and patients' characteristics were extracted from their clinical records to calculate NLR. Correlation between NLR and baseline characteristics with overall survival (OS) was then analyzed using Cox regression...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796857/association-of-systemic-inflammation-and-sarcopenia-with-survival-in-nonmetastatic-colorectal-cancer-results-from-the-c-scans-study
#5
Elizabeth M Cespedes Feliciano, Candyce H Kroenke, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Carla M Prado, Patrick T Bradshaw, Marilyn L Kwan, Jingjie Xiao, Stacey Alexeeff, Douglas Corley, Erin Weltzien, Adrienne L Castillo, Bette J Caan
Importance: Systemic inflammation and sarcopenia are easily evaluated, predict mortality in many cancers, and are potentially modifiable. The combination of inflammation and sarcopenia may be able to identify patients with early-stage colorectal cancer (CRC) with poor prognosis. Objective: To examine associations of prediagnostic systemic inflammation with at-diagnosis sarcopenia, and determine whether these factors interact to predict CRC survival, adjusting for age, ethnicity, sex, body mass index, stage, and cancer site...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795308/the-mean-corpuscular-volume-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-colorectal-cancer
#6
Hidemasa Nagai, Norihiro Yuasa, Eiji Takeuchi, Hideo Miyake, Yuichiro Yoshioka, Kanji Miyata
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to identify the factors investigated during routine blood examinations which can predict the disease outcome independent of the tumor stage. METHODS: Data from 1174 patients with stage I, II, and III CRC who underwent R0 resection were included. We investigated the correlations between the preoperative routine blood examination data, and clinicopathological factors, and disease-free survival (DFS) using univariate and multivariate analyses...
August 9, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794643/preoperative-lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-represents-a-superior-predictor-compared-with-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratios-for-colorectal-liver-only-metastases-survival
#7
Jianhong Peng, Hui Li, Qingjian Ou, Junzhong Lin, Xiaojun Wu, Zhenhai Lu, Yunfei Yuan, Desen Wan, Yujing Fang, Zhizhong Pan
Systemic inflammation was recognized as an essential factor contributing to the development of malignancies. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of pre-operative lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with colorectal liver-only metastases (CLOM) undergoing hepatectomy. We retrospectively enrolled 150 consecutive patients with CLOM between 2000 and 2012. The optimal cutoff values of continuous LMR, NLR, and PLR were determined using the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778099/predictive-clinical-model-of-tumor-response-after-chemoradiation-in-rectal-cancer
#8
Marisa D Santos, Cristina Silva, Anabela Rocha, Carlos Nogueira, Fernando Castro-Poças, António Araujo, Eduarda Matos, Carina Pereira, Rui Medeiros, Carlos Lopes
Survival improvement in rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) is achieved only if pathological response occurs. Mandard tumor regression grade (TRG) proved to be a valid system to measure nCRT response. The ability to predict tumor response before treatment may significantly have impact the selection of patients for nCRT in rectal cancer. The aim is to identify potential predictive pretreatment factors for Mandard response and build a clinical predictive model design. 167 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer were treated with nCRT and curative surgery...
July 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766133/prognostic-significance-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratios-in-large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma
#9
Masayuki Okui, Takashi Yamamichi, Ayaka Asakawa, Masahiko Harada, Makoto Saito, Hirotoshi Horio
OBJECTIVES: Large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs) are rare neuroendocrine pulmonary malignancies with poor survival. Towards the goal of identifying a useful prognostic marker for LCNEC, we examined the prognostic significance of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in LCNEC patients after complete resection. The NLR is a potential predictive indicator in other cancers and can be easily determined at low cost. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the perioperative clinical and laboratory data of patients who underwent complete resection for LCNEC between 1995 and 2014...
August 1, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764811/survival-impact-of-pre-treatment-neutrophils-on-oropharyngeal-and-laryngeal-cancer-patients-undergoing-definitive-radiotherapy
#10
Whitney A Sumner, William A Stokes, Ayman Oweida, Kiersten L Berggren, Jessica D McDermott, David Raben, Diana Abbott, Bernard Jones, Gregory Gan, Sana D Karam
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) represents an array of disease processes with a generally unfavorable prognosis. Inflammation plays an important role in tumor development and response to therapy. We performed a retrospective analysis of HNSCC patients to explore the relationship of the lymphocyte and neutrophil counts, the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), local control (LC) and distant control (DC)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752404/preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-are-prognostic-factors-in-gastric-cancers-undergoing-surgery
#11
Eva Lieto, Gennaro Galizia, Annamaria Auricchio, Francesca Cardella, Andrea Mabilia, Nicoletta Basile, Giovanni Del Sorbo, Paolo Castellano, Ciro Romano, Michele Orditura, Vincenzo Napolitano
BACKGROUND: Cancer outcome is considered to result from the interplay of several factors, among which host inflammatory and immune status are deemed to play a significant role. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) have been profitably used as surrogate markers of host immunoinflammatory status and have also been shown to correlate with outcome in several human tumors. However, only a few studies on these biomarkers have been performed in gastric cancer patients, yielding conflicting results...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752351/the-clinical-use-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-bladder-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Xingxing Tang, Peng Du, Yong Yang
The aim of this study was to evaluate the evidence regarding the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a factor predictive of survival in bladder cancer patients. A search of PubMed and Embase for relevant studies between January 1, 1966 and November 10, 2016 was performed with the terms [NLR OR (neutrophil lymphocyte ratio)] AND [(bladder cancer) OR BCa OR NMIBC OR MIBC]. Inclusion required studies published in English containing bladder cancer patients and evaluating NLR as a predictive factor. Endpoints of NLR and survival data were extracted for pooled analysis...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747576/a-prospective-appraisal-of-preoperative-body-mass-index-in-d2-resected-patients-with-non-metastatic-gastric-carcinoma-and-siewert-type-ii-iii-adenocarcinoma-of-esophagogastric-junction-results-from-a-large-scale-cohort
#13
Lei Huang, Zhi-Jian Wei, Tuan-Jie Li, Yu-Ming Jiang, A-Man Xu
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate associations of presurgical body mass index (BMI) with clinicopathological factors and its prognostic significance in radically D2-resected patients with non-metastasized gastric cancer (GC) and Siewert type II/III adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). METHODS: A large prospective cohort consisting of radically-resected GC and AEG patients was analyzed. Follow-up was successful in 671 out of 700 patients, who were categorized into underweight (BMI<18...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746229/the-prognostic-value-of-preoperative-inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-and-nutritional-status-for-overall-survival-in-resected-patients-with-nonmetastatic-siewert-type-ii-iii-adenocarcinoma-of-esophagogastric-junction
#14
Lixiang Zhang, Yezhou Su, Zhangming Chen, Zhijian Wei, Wenxiu Han, Aman Xu
BACKGROUND: Immune and nutritional status of patients have been reported to predict postoperative complications, recurrence, and prognosis of patients with cancer. Therefore, this retrospective study aimed to explore the prognostic value of preoperative inflammation-based prognostic scores [neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR)] and nutritional status [prognostic nutritional index (PNI), body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin, albumin, and prealbumin] for overall survival (OS) in adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) patients...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743381/a-novel-systematic-inflammation-related-index-is-prognostic-in-curatively-resected-non-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#15
Tingting Hong, Di Shen, Xiaoping Chen, Dongyan Cai, Xiaohong Wu, Dong Hua
BACKGROUD: To better identify patients with high mortality risk, we developed a systematic inflammation index (IPI) based on neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and albumin. METHODS: The performance of pretreatment IPI was evaluated in patients with surgically resected non-metastatic colorectal cancer. IPI was predefined and compared with Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS)/modified GPS in terms of discrimination and calibration abilities. RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, patients with an IPI of 1 or 2 had 1...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742280/clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-advanced-egfr-mutated-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-south-western-sydney-local-health-district
#16
P N Ding, T L Roberts, W Chua, T M Becker, J Descallar, P Y Yip, V J Bray
AIMS: We aim to describe clinical characteristics, treatment patterns and factors influencing outcomes in patients with EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in SWSLHD. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC diagnosed between January 2010 and June 2016. RESULTS: A total of 85 EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients were identified; 80 (94%) received first line treatment with EGFR-TKI. The median follow-up was 10.7 months with a median duration of treatment of 9 months...
July 25, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741195/comparison-of-prognostic-abilities-among-preoperative-laboratory-data-indices-in-patients-with-resectable-gastric-and-esophagogastric-junction-adenocarcinoma
#17
Masayuki Urabe, Hiroharu Yamashita, Toshiaki Watanabe, Yasuyuki Seto
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are simple indices determined employing laboratory data alone and have been used to predict the clinical outcomes of patients with esophagogastric tumors. However, prior results were generally based on analyzing dichotomous data with arbitrary cutoff values. This retrospective study aims to assess prognostic utilities of preoperative NLR, PLR, LMR, mGPS and PNI, as continuous variables, in gastric cancer (GC) and adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG)...
July 24, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740457/perioperative-increase-in-neutrophil-cd64-expression-is-an-indicator-for-intra-abdominal-infection-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#18
Milena Kerin Povsic, Bojana Beovic, Alojz Ihan
BACKGROUND: Colorectal surgery is associated with a high incidence of postoperative infections. Early clinical signs are difficult to distinguish from the systemic inflammatory response related to surgical trauma. Timely diagnosis may significantly improve the outcome. The objective of this study was to compare a new biomarker index CD64 for neutrophils (iCD64n) with standard biomarkers, white blood cell (WBC) count, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) for the early detection of postoperative infection...
June 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739768/preoperative-high-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-associated-with-high-grade-bladder-cancer
#19
Xingxing Tang, Shuo Wang, Chao An, Peng DU, Yong Yang
AIM: To evaluate the correlation between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and histopathological characteristics of bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on a cohort of patients (n=302) who were diagnosed with bladder cancer and underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor or cystectomy between 2009 and 2016. The pathological outcomes were compared between patients with low NLR and those with high NLR with a cut-off value of 2...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731495/significance-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-western-advanced-egfr-mutated-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-receiving-a-targeted-therapy
#20
Fausto Meriggi, Claudio Codignola, Giordano D Beretta, Giovanni L Ceresoli, Alberto Caprioli, Mario Scartozzi, Anna P Fraccon, Tiziana Prochilo, Chiara Ogliosi, Alberto Zaniboni
PURPOSE: Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide and, although targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors has dramatically improved the rates of response and survival in advanced EGFR-mutated adenocarcinoma, the overall outcome remains unsatisfactory. Therefore, new prognostic factors, preferably simple, inexpensive, and easy to reproduce on a large scale, are needed. We performed a retrospective analysis of our database including 63 western Caucasian patients with advanced EGFR-mutated lung adenocarcinoma and receiving gefitinib, erlotinib, or afatinib as first- or second-line therapy...
July 14, 2017: Tumori
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