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Neutrophil lymphocytic ratio in cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100902/prognostic-role-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-treated-with-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#1
Jinwen Shen, Yuan Zhu, Wei Wu, Lingnan Zhang, Haixing Ju, Yongtian Fan, Yuping Zhu, Jialin Luo, Peng Liu, Ning Zhou, Ke Lu, Na Zhang, Dechuan Li, Luying Liu
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence suggests that cancer-associated inflammation is associated with poorer outcomes. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), considered as a systemic inflammation marker, is thought to predict prognoses in colorectal cancer. In this study, we explored the association between the NLR and prognoses following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). MATERIAL AND METHODS From February 2002 to December 2012, a group of 202 patients diagnosed with LARC and receiving neoadjuvant CRT followed by radical surgery was included in our retrospective study...
January 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097441/elevated-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocytes-ratio-predicts-poor-prognosis-after-esophagectomy-in-t1-esophageal-cancer
#2
Kenichi Nakamura, Naoya Yoshida, Yoshifumi Baba, Keisuke Kosumi, Tomoyuki Uchihara, Yuki Kiyozumi, Mayuko Ohuchi, Takatsugu Ishimoto, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Yasuo Sakamoto, Masayuki Watanabe, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reported to predict the prognosis of various malignant tumors, including esophageal cancer. However, no previous reports have supported the use of the preoperative NLR as an independent prognostic marker focused on superficial (T1) esophageal cancer. The aim of this study was to elucidate the prognostic impact of the preoperative NLR in T1 esophageal cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study recruited 245 consecutive patients with T1 esophageal cancer who underwent subtotal esophagectomy between 2005 and 2016...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096923/role-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-prediction-of-gleason-score-upgrading-and-disease-upstaging-in-low-risk-prostate-cancer-patients-eligible-for-active-surveillance
#3
Mehmet Ilker Gokce, Semih Tangal, Nurullah Hamidi, Evren Suer, Muhammed Arif Ibis, Yasar Beduk
INTRODUCTION: Active surveillance (AS) is an option for management of low-risk prostate cancer (PCa). However, grade and stage progression is an important consideration. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a useful marker of cancer-related inflammation. In this study, we aimed to identify the roles of neutrophil count (NC), lymphocyte count (LC), and NLR to predict Gleason score (GS) upgrading, disease upstaging, and biochemical recurrence rates (BCR) in low-risk PCa patients. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated data of 210 low-risk PCa patients eligible for AS, but who underwent radical prostatectomy...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078122/performance-status-and-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-are-important-prognostic-factors-in-elderly-patients-with-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer
#4
Makoto Kadokura, Yasuaki Ishida, Akihisa Tatsumi, Ei Takahashi, Hiroko Shindo, Fumitake Amemiya, Shinichi Takano, Mitsuharu Fukasawa, Tadashi Sato, Nobuyuki Enomoto
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of various prognostic factors for pancreatic cancer (PC) has been reported, but the number of elderly patients in these studies is disproportionately fewer compared with those in everyday practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors for unresectable PC in elderly patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 67 elderly (age ≥75 years) patients with unresectable PC who underwent chemotherapy between January 2006 and December 2014 at our hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077792/prognostic-value-of-the-pretreatment-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-cervical-cancer-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#5
Jiayuan Wu, Manyu Chen, Caixia Liang, Wenmei Su
The prognostic value of pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in cervical cancer remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis based on the data from 13 studies with 3729 patients to evaluate the association between the pretreatment NLR and the clinical outcomes of overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with cervical cancer. The relationship between NLR and clinicopathological parameters was also assessed. Hazard ratio (HR) or odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) was used as the effect size estimate...
January 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076862/prognostic-value-of-the-pretreatment-advanced-lung-cancer-inflammation-index-ali-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-patients-treated-with-r-chop-chemotherapy
#6
Young Hoon Park, Hyeon Gyu Yi, Moon Hee Lee, Chul Soo Kim, Joo Han Lim
BACKGROUND: The Advanced Lung Cancer Inflammation Index (ALI, body mass index × albumin/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio) has been demonstrated to be a prognostic factor of survival in some solid cancers. We retrospectively investigated the usefulness of the ALI to predict chemotherapy response and survival in 212 patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients were allocated to a low ALI group (n = 82, 38...
January 12, 2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075517/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-prognostic-indicator-for-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Nicholas Rosculet, Xian Chong Zhou, Patrick Ha, Mei Tang, Marshall A Levine, Geoffrey Neuner, Joseph Califano
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has prognostic significance for many cancers, with higher values correlating with poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of this inflammatory marker for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: Univariate logistic regression and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed on a retrospective cohort of 123 patients treated with primary chemoradiotherapy...
January 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068151/prognostic-impact-of-pretreatment-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-patients-treated-with-first-line-docetaxel
#8
Consuelo Buttigliero, Chiara Pisano, Marcello Tucci, Francesca Vignani, Valentina Bertaglia, Davide Iaconis, Pamela Guglielmini, Gianmauro Numico, Giorgio V Scagliotti, Massimo Di Maio
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a measure of systemic inflammatory response, has been associated with poor outcome in several solid tumors, including prostate cancer. We retrospectively investigated the prognostic role of pretreatment NLR in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with first-line docetaxel. METHODS: All CRPC patients treated with first-line docetaxel at two Italian institutions, with available data about baseline neutrophil and lymphocyte values, were included in this retrospective analysis...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063763/low-pretreatment-lymphocyte-monocyte-ratio-and-high-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-indicate-poor-cancer-outcome-in-early-tongue-cancer
#9
Hui Shan Ong, Sandhya Gokavarapu, Li Zhen Wang, Zhen Tian, Chen Ping Zhang
PURPOSE: The white blood cell (WBC) indices have been reported to have a prognostic impact in cancer of multiple organs including head and neck cancer; however; site and stage stratification was not attempted, and compelling evidence has shown that early cancers have a different distribution and prognostication than late-stage cancers. We studied the prognostic importance of WBC indices in early oral tongue cancers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The retrospective data of primary pT1N0 to pT2N0 oral tongue cancers treated between 2009 and 2013 were charted...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057051/what-is-the-normal-value-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio
#10
Patrice Forget, Céline Khalifa, Jean-Philippe Defour, Dominique Latinne, Marie-Cécile Van Pel, Marc De Kock
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has proven its prognostic value in cardiovascular diseases, infections, inflammatory diseases and in several types of cancers. However, no cut-off has been proposed on the basis of reference values coming from healthy population. METHODS: Routine blood samples were obtained (n = 413) from workers (age: median 38, range: 21-66 years) involved in a health care prevention program, to determine means, standard deviations (SDs), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), percentiles P2...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057046/prognostic-role-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Josee-Lyne Ethier, Danielle Desautels, Arnoud Templeton, Prakesh S Shah, Eitan Amir
BACKGROUND: The presence of a high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with increased mortality in several malignancies. Here, we quantify the effect of NLR on survival in patients with breast cancer, and examine the effect of clinicopathologic factors on its prognostic value. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted to identify publications exploring the association of blood NLR (measured pre treatment) and overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) among patients with breast cancer...
January 5, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055965/selected-patients-can-benefit-more-from-the-management-of-etoposide-and-platinum-based-chemotherapy-and-thoracic-irradiation-a-retrospective-analysis-of-707-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#12
Shoubo Cao, Shi Jin, Jing Shen, Jingyan Cao, Hua Zhang, Qingwei Meng, Chunyan Wang, Aiqi Zhang, Pei Zhang, Yan Yu
The management of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has reached a plateau. Etoposide and platinum-based chemotherapy plus thoracic irradiation remain the standard treatment strategy for SCLC. Our study aims to assess the potential prognostic factors of patients treated with etoposide and platinum-based chemotherapy and explore which group of patients can benefit more from standard treatment strategies. On univariate analysis, age>65 years, male patients, KPS (Karnofsky Performance Status)≤80 points, positive smoking history, anemia, lymphocyte counts≤1...
December 31, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052031/the-prognostic-significance-of-postoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-after-radical-prostatectomy-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#13
Won Sik Jang, Kang Su Cho, Myung Soo Kim, Cheol Yong Yoon, Dong Hyuk Kang, Yong Jin Kang, Won Sik Jeong, Won Sik Ham, Young Deuk Choi
BACKGROUND: The pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio has prognostic value after radical prostatectomy for treating localized prostate cancer. However, the use of postoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio has not been evaluated in this population. We investigated the prognostic significance of early postoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data from 2,302 patients with localized prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy at our institution between years 2000 and 2010...
29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050203/role-of-monocyte-count-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-survival-of-oral-cancer-patients
#14
Saurabh Bobdey, Balasubramaniam Ganesh, Prabhashankar Mishra, Aanchal Jain
Introduction Inflammation seems to play a critical role in the development and progression of numerous cancers. Peripheral blood leukocyte count is an easily assessable parameter of systemic inflammatory response. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate whether the pretreatment leukocyte counts can predict the prognosis of patients with oral cavity cancer. Methods Medical records of 471 oral cavity cancer patients diagnosed between January 2007 and December 2008 were retrospectively analyzed...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044951/clinical-value-of-hematological-biomarkers-in-uterine-cervical-cancer
#15
Mihaela Mădălina Gavrilescu, Ionut Hutanu, Nicolae Ioanid, Ana Maria Musina, Buna Arvinte Mihaela, Mihaela Moscalu, Ioana Sadiye Scripcariu, Viorel Scripcariu
: Certain combinations of the hematological components, specifically, neutrophils and lymphocytes, named neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) or multiplication of neutrophil and monocyte (MNM) have been shown to have prognostic value in a variety of cancers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study which included 133 patients with uterine cervical cancer with or without neoadjuvant therapy based on prognostic factors and correlations between NLR and MNM values, markers that were analyzed as continuous variables...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039731/erratum-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-new-prognostic-factors-for-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#16
M M Sevinc, U R Gunduz, E Kinaci, A A Aydin, S Bayrak, R U Gursu, S Gunduz
In this article published in Volume 21, issue 5, the authors' names appeared in the Pubmed abstract as: "Mahsuni Sevinc M, Riza Gunduz U, Kinaci E, Armagan Aydin A, Bayrak S, Umar Gursu R, Gunduz S". The correct authors' names are: "Sevinc MM, Gunduz UR, Kinaci E, Aydin AA, Bayrak S, Gursu RU, Gunduz S" This error appeared only in the PubMed database and not in the print form of the Journal.
November 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039482/preoperative-pulmonary-function-correlates-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-results-of-a-single-institution-retrospective-study
#17
Yongyin Gao, Hongdian Zhang, Yue Li, Dandan Wang, Yinlu Ma, Qing Chen
This study aimed at analyzing the relationship between preoperative pulmonary function and systemic inflammatory response (SIR) biomarkers, such as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Furthermore, the prognostic significance of these markers was also examined. The medical records of 358 NSCLC patients, who underwent curative lung resection, were retrospectively analyzed. Pulmonary function test values <80% of the predicted values were used to indicate impairment...
December 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039452/preoperative-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-can-significantly-predict-mortality-outcomes-in-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-undergoing-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor
#18
Minyong Kang, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Ja Hyeon Ku
The prognostic role of systemic inflammatory response (SIR) markers is unclear in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Here, we aimed to investigate the prognostic role of various SIR markers in the oncological outcomes in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients at a single institution in Korea. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived-NLR (dNLR), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were examined as SIR markers. We retrospectively collected data of 1,698 NMIBC patients who underwent transurethral resection of the bladder (TURB) between 1990 and 2013...
December 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039147/incorporation-of-nlr-into-nih-stratification-system-increases-predictive-accuracy-for-surgically-resected-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors
#19
Anwei Xue, Xiaodong Gao, Yong Fang, Ping Shu, Jiaqian Ling, Kuntang Shen, Yihong Sun, Jing Qin, Xinyu Qin, Yingyong Hou
Previous studies have reported that preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios were prognostic for various types of cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive utilities of preoperative peripheral blood counts in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). We enrolled 510 consecutive, previously untreated patients who underwent surgery for primary, localized GISTs. The relationship between recurrence-free survival and outcome variables was assessed by univariate and multivariate analyses, while the clinicopathologic relevance of NLR was determined using the Chi-square test...
December 29, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035906/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-as-prognostic-factors-in-non-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients-from-a-hispanic-population
#20
Ramos-Esquivel Allan, Rodriguez-Porras Luis, Porras Juan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Breast Disease
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