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Neutrophil lymphocytic ratio in cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938679/association-of-immunologic-markers-from-complete-blood-counts-with-the-response-to-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-and-prognosis-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#1
Sung Woo Jung, In Ja Park, Se Heon Oh, Seung-Seop Yeom, Jong Lyul Lee, Yong Sik Yoon, Chan Wook Kim, Seok-Byung Lim, Jung Bok Lee, Chang Sik Yu, Jin Cheon Kim
We investigated retrospectively whether immunologic markers from a complete blood count (CBC) are associated with the responsiveness to preoperative chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) and oncologic outcomes in 984 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) who also underwent radical surgery from 2005 to 2013. CBC parameters including the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were recorded. Pathologic responses to PCRT were evaluated in the resected specimens using the tumor regression grade system...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938543/predictive-clinical-model-of-tumor-response-after-chemoradiation-in-rectal-cancer
#2
Marisa D Santos, Cristina Silva, Anabela Rocha, Carlos Nogueira, Fernando Castro-Poças, António Araujo, Eduarda Matos, Carina Pereira, Rui Medeiros, Carlos Lopes
Survival improvement in rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) is achieved only if pathological response occurs. Mandard tumor regression grade (TRG) proved to be a valid system to measure nCRT response. The ability to predict tumor response before treatment may significantly have impact the selection of patients for nCRT in rectal cancer. The aim is to identify potential predictive pretreatment factors for Mandard response and build a clinical predictive model design. 167 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer were treated with nCRT and curative surgery...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929777/is-it-possible-to-predict-the-presence-of-colorectal-cancer-in-a-blood-test-a-probabilistic-approach-method
#3
José Manuel Navarro Rodríguez, Javier Gallego Plazas, Rafael Calpena Rico, Fernando Borras Rocher, José Antonio Ruiz Macia, Miguel Ángel Morcillo Ródenas
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of the state of immunosurveillance (the ability of the organism to prevent the development of neoplasias) in the blood has prognostic implications of interest in colorectal cancer. We evaluated and quantified a possible predictive character of the disease in a blood test using a mathematical interaction index of several blood parameters. The predictive capacity of the index to detect colorectal cancer was also assessed. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study of a comparative analysis of the distribution of blood parameters in 266 patients with colorectal cancer and 266 healthy patients during the period from 2009 to 2013...
September 18, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918424/systemic-inflammatory-response-is-a-prognostic-marker-in-hiv-infected-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
David J Pinato, Marco Merli, Alessia Dalla Pria, Shiraz Jamshaid, Kizzy Parker, Nicole Pagani, Hamid Hasson, Caterina Uberti Foppa, Emanuela Messina, Rohini Sharma, Mark Nelson, Mark Bower
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is increasingly prevalent in people living with HIV. Systemic inflammation is a prognostic factor requiring validation in HIV-associated HCC. AIMS: Using a multi-centre database of consecutive HCC cases, we investigated the prognostic role of a panel of inflammatory markers, including neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), using univariate and multivariate survival analyses. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients with HIV-associated HCC secondary to hepatitis C (69%) or B virus infection (32%) were identified...
September 16, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916967/combined-analysis-of-the-pre-and-postoperative-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-the-outcomes-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#5
Kozo Miyatani, Hiroaki Saito, Yusuke Kono, Yuki Murakami, Hirohiko Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Yoji Fukumoto, Tomohiro Osaki, Keigo Ashida, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
PURPOSE: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a biochemical marker of the systemic inflammatory response and has been associated with prognosis for various types of cancer. This retrospective study investigates the relationship between the pre- and postoperative NLR and the prognosis of gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The subjects were 280 patients who underwent curative surgery for histopathologically diagnosed gastric adenocarcinoma. RESULTS: The preoperative NLR was significantly correlated with tumor size, tumor depth, lymphatic invasion, venous invasion, and disease stage...
September 15, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915691/preoperative-monocyte-lymphocyte-and-neutrophil-lymphocyte-but-not-platelet-lymphocyte-ratios-are-predictive-of-clinical-outcomes-in-resected-patients-with-non-metastatic-siewert-type-ii-iii-adenocarcinoma-of-esophagogastric-junction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Jia-Wei Zhang, Lei Huang, A-Man Xu
AIMS: To propectively reveal the clinicopathological and prognostic significances of monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in resected patients with non-metastatic Siewert type II/III adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). METHODS: A total of 611 patients diagnosed with Siewert type II/III AEG and undergoing surgery between 2006 and 2011 were prospectively followed-up until April 2016. Associations between preoperative peripheral MLR, NLR, and PLR and clinicopathological parameters were quantified using the multivariate Logistic regression model with adjustment...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915685/prognostic-significance-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-a-meta-analysis
#7
Nan Chen, Shuai Liu, Lin Huang, Wanling Li, Wenhao Yang, Tianxin Cong, Lin Ding, Meng Qiu
Systemic inflammation responses can be reflected by peripheral blood count and combine index like the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR). The NLR has been reported to be a poor prognostic indicator in cancer recently. However, the prognostic effect of the NLR in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) still unclear yet. We conducted this meta-analysis aiming to evaluate the pooled value of NLR in prognosis as well as clinical characteristics in malignant pleural mesothelioma. A total of 11 studies with 1533 patients were included in this meta-analysis, in which 10 studies investigated the prognosis role of NLR using hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905815/psa-time-to-nadir-as-a-prognostic-factor-of-first-line-docetaxel-treatment-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-evidence-from-patients-in-northwestern-china
#8
Kai-Jie Wu, Xin-Qi Pei, Ge Tian, Da-Peng Wu, Jin-Hai Fan, Yu-Mei Jiang, Da-Lin He
Docetaxel-based chemotherapy remains the first-line treatment for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in China; however, the prognostic factors associated with effects in these patients are still controversial. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the data from 71 eligible Chinese patients who received docetaxel chemotherapy from 2009 to 2016 in our hospital and experienced a reduction of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level ≥50% during the treatment and investigated the potential role of time to nadir (TTN) of PSA...
September 12, 2017: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899420/prognostic-value-of-systemic-immune-inflammation-index-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#9
Kang Wang, Feiyu Diao, Zhijun Ye, Xinhua Zhang, Ertao Zhai, Hui Ren, Tong Li, Hui Wu, Yulong He, Shirong Cai, Jianhui Chen
BACKGROUND: Inflammation-based indexes have been used to predict survival and recurrence in cancer patients. Systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) was reported to be associated with prognosis in some malignant tumors. In the present study, we aimed to explore the association between SII and the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 444 gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 1994 and December 2005...
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893415/the-prognostic-value-of-derived-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-oesophageal-cancer-treated-with-definitive-chemoradiotherapy
#10
Samantha Cox, Christopher Hurt, Tal Grenader, Somnath Mukherjee, John Bridgewater, Thomas Crosby
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) is a validated prognostic biomarker for cancer survival but has not been extensively studied in locally-advanced oesophageal cancer treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT). We aimed to identify the prognostic value of dNLR in patients recruited to the SCOPE1 trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 258 patients were randomised to receive dCRT±cetuximab. Kaplan-Meier's curves and both univariable and multivariable Cox regression models were calculated for overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), local PFS inside the radiation volume (LPFSi), local PFS outside the radiation volume (LPFSo), and distant PFS (DPFS)...
September 8, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893236/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-complements-volumetric-staging-as-prognostic-factor-in-patients-treated-with-definitive-radiotherapy-for-oropharyngeal-cancer
#11
Cédric Panje, Oliver Riesterer, Christoph Glanzmann, Gabriela Studer
BACKGROUND: Volumetric tumor staging has been shown as superior prognostic tool compared to the conventional TNM system in patients undergoing definitive intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for head and neck cancer. Recently, clinical immunoscores such as the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) have been investigated as prognostic markers in several tumor entities. The aim of this study was to assess the combined prognostic value of NLR and tumor volume in patients treated with IMRT for oropharyngeal cancer (OC)...
September 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884610/performance-of-current-thromboembolism-risk-assessment-tools-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-and-validity-after-first-treatment
#12
Harry E Fuentes, L H Paz, Y Wang, D M Oramas, C R Simons, A J Tafur
Patients with gastric cancer (GC) are at higher risk of thromboembolism when compared to other solid tumors. We aim to determine the predictive performance of current venous thromboembolism (VTE) predictive tools and their variability and validity after first treatment. Single institution cohort of GC-treated patients (2010*15). We abstracted predictive tools, validated for VTE prediction in patient with cancer; including the Khorana Score (KRS), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR)...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874127/the-values-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-or-prostate-specific-antigen-in-discriminating-real-gleason-score%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-7-prostate-cancer-from-group-of-biopsy-based-gleason-score%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-6
#13
Hanfeng Wang, Liangyou Gu, Yongjie Wu, Dan Feng, Junyao Duan, Xiaocong Wang, Yong Huang, Shengpan Wu, Jianwen Chen, Guangda Luo, Xu Zhang
BACKGROUND: The discrepant concordance between biopsy and radical prostatectomy (RP) specimen are well reported. To validate the clinical usefulness of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in discriminating real GS ≥ 7 PCa from biopsy-based GS ≤ 6 PCa in comparison with serum total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA) and value of their combination. METHODS: One hundred one patients who underwent physical examinations incidentally found elevated tPSA and subsequently received biopsy with a conclusion of GS ≤ 6 and RP with an interval of 4-6 weeks after biopsy were enrolled...
September 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872976/serum-il-6-and-il-8-correlate-with-prognostic-factors-in-ovarian-cancer
#14
Marcela Moisés Maluf Sanguinete, Paula Honório De Oliveira, Agrimaldo Martins-Filho, Douglas Côbo Micheli, Beatriz Martins Tavares-Murta, Eddie Fernando Candido Murta, Rosekeila Simões Nomelini
The aim of the study was to correlate serum levels of IL-2, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α with clinical, laboratory, and pathological prognostic factors in patients with primary ovarian malignancy. Patients treated at the Pelvic Mass Ambulatory of the Discipline of Gynecology and Obstetrics/Oncology Research Institute (IPON) of the UFTM with confirmed diagnosis of malignant ovarian neoplasia (n = 26) were evaluated. Serum collection was performed preoperatively for the determination of tumor markers...
October 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861306/the-predictive-value-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-determining-urethral-stricture-after-transurethral-resection-of-prostate
#15
Murat Gül, Emre Altıntaş, Mehmet Kaynar, Muhammet Serdar Buğday, Serdar Göktaş
OBJECTIVE: The pathology of urethral stricture disease is still unclear however progressive inflammation may contribute to the development of urethral stricture. The platelet-to- lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a new and simple marker that indicates inflammation. In this study we aimed to investigate the predictive value of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and PLR in patients with urethral stricture who underwent transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 208 patients who underwent bipolar-TURP were included in this study...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858848/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-nlr-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-plr-may-be-superior-to-c-reactive-protein-crp-for-predicting-the-occurrence-of-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#16
S Ozmen, O Timur, I Calik, K Altinkaynak, E Simsek, H Gozcu, A Arslan, A Carlioglu
OBJECTIVES: NLR (neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio) and PLR (platelet-lymphocyte ratio) are prognostic markers of differentiated thyroid cancers. In our study, we evaluated NLR, PLR and C-reactive protein (CRP) for predicting the occurence of differentiated thyroid cancer. This is the first study that compares NLR and PLR to C-reactive protein indifferantiated thyroid cancer not only papillary cancer but also folliculer cancer. METHODS: This study includes 51 papillary carcinoma, 42 papillary microcarcinoma and 31 folliculer carcinoma patients attending to our outpatient Endocrinology Clinic at Erzurum Region Training and Research Hospital between 2009 and 2014...
July 1, 2017: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843260/neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratios-are-not-different-among-breast-cancer-subtypes
#17
Özlem Yersal, Süleyman Çetinkünar, Recep Aktimur, Mehmet Aziret, Sabri Özdaş, Hasan Erdem, Kadir Yildirim
Background: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous complex of diseases comprising different subtypes that have different treatment responses and clinical outcomes. Systemic inflammation is known to be associated with poor prognosis in many types of cancer. The neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet / lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are factors used as indicators of inflammation. In this study, we evaluated NLR and PLR ratios in breast cancer subtypes. Methods: A total of 255 breast cancer patients were evaluated retrospectively...
August 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840980/is-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-effective-for-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-in-the-elderly-aged%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-75-years-a-single-institute-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Kuan-Ming Lai, Jen-Tsun Lin, Hsueh-Ju Lu, Chia-Chun Liang, Mu-Kuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is the standard treatment for locally advanced head and neck cancer (HNC). However, for very elderly patients, the comparison of benefit/risk between definitive radiotherapy (RT) with and without systemic chemotherapy was equivocal. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was a single-institute, retrospective, cohort study. Seventy patients aged ≥75 years who had a locally advanced HNC were enrolled. The patients were divided into those with CRT and those with RT alone...
August 25, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838390/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-nlr-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-plr-as-prognostic-markers-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-treated-with-nivolumab
#19
Stefan Diem, Sabine Schmid, Mirjam Krapf, Lukas Flatz, Diana Born, Wolfram Jochum, Arnoud J Templeton, Martin Früh
OBJECTIVES: Immunotherapy with the programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) antibody nivolumab has changed the field of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment. Nivolumab shows better outcome compared to standard second line chemotherapy, but reliable prognostic markers are lacking. High neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are markers of host inflammation and associated with worse overall survival (OS) in several tumor types, but have not been analysed extensively in lung cancer in the era of immunotherapy...
September 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836549/validation-of-the-pretreatment-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-a-large-cohort-of-chinese-patients-with-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#20
Zhen-Peng Cao, Bao Guan, Guang-Zhi Zhao, Dong Fang, Geng-Yan Xiong, Xue-Song Li, Li-Qun Zhou
BACKGROUND: The pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reported to be a prognostic factor in various types of carcinomas. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of pretreatment NLR in a large cohort of Chinese patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical data of 656 UTUC patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) from 2001 to 2011 at Peking University First Hospital...
September 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
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