Read by QxMD icon Read

Neutrophil lymphocytic ratio in cancer

Yan Zhang, Jing-Jing Lu, Yi-Ping Du, Chun-Xia Feng, Li-Qiang Wang, Min-Bin Chen
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been presented to be a prognostic indicator in several types of cancer. However, these issues have not been concluded yet. The present study was therefore performed to determine the prognostic value of NLR and PLR in gastric cancer (GC).A total of 182 GC patients, diagnosed between January 2011 and January 2014, were enrolled in the study. The clinicopathological parameters, laboratory analyses, and outcomes were collected...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
G Muhaxheri, V Vucicevic Boras, A Fucic, D Plavec, M Sekerija, M Filipovic, K Grsic, B Stubljar, T Krnic, B Vrdoljak
Recent publications have highlighted a greater utility of routine blood tests in patients with various cancers than previously assumed. It appears that the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may be a good predictive biomarker for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Preoperative and postoperative NLR data for patients with head and neck cancers have yet to be established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preoperative and postoperative NLR in 182 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and to determine the association of NLR with OS and DFS...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yoon Kyoung So, GilJoon Lee, Dongryul Oh, Sunju Byeon, Woori Park, Man Ki Chung
Objective To investigate the prognostic impact of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal cancer (HPV+ OPC). Study Design Retrospective institutional database analysis. Setting Tertiary referral medical center. Material and Methods In total, 104 patients with HPV+ OPC were enrolled. From the blood laboratory data checked within 4 weeks before initiation of primary treatment, NLR was calculated. The association between clinicopathological characteristics and NLR was analyzed, and the prognostic role was evaluated based on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS)...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Radu-Tudor Coman, Nicolae Crisan, Pierre-Adrien Kadula, Ioan-Stelian Bocsan, Ioan Coman, Iulia Andras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Yating Tang, Guang Li, Shan Wu, Lingrong Tang, Ning Zhang, Jinzhao Liu, Shuo Zhang, Lei Yao
Immunotherapy with anti-programmed cell death protein 1 or programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) agents has demonstrated promising efficacy for the treatment of various types of malignancies. However, the role of PD-L1 as a tumor prognostic marker remains poorly understood. In the present study, the prognostic value of PD-L1 expression in esophageal carcinoma (EC) following definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) was investigated, and its associations with three systemic inflammation biomarkers, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) were further explored...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Takaki Akamine, Kazuki Takada, Gouji Toyokawa, Fumihiko Kinoshita, Taichi Matsubara, Yuka Kozuma, Naoki Haratake, Shinkichi Takamori, Fumihiko Hirai, Tetsuzo Tagawa, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yasuto Yoneshima, Isamu Okamoto, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Yoshinao Oda, Yoichi Nakanishi, Yoshihiko Maehara
OBJECTIVES: Programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors have been approved as a standard therapy for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although PD-L1 expression serves as a predictive biomarker for the efficacy of immunotherapy, there are no established biomarkers to predict the expression of PD-L1. The inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were recently shown to predict the efficacy of nivolumab for NSCLC patients...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
Ki-Woong Nam, Tae Jung Kim, Chi Kyung Kim, Heejung Mo, Han-Yeong Jeong, Min Kyoung Kang, Moon-Ku Han, Sang-Bae Ko, Byung-Woo Yoon
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke patients with active cancer frequently experience early neurological deterioration (END); however, the predictors of END are not well studied. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has recently been described as a predictor of poor outcomes in cancer and stroke. However, its role in cancer-related stroke has not been addressed. AIM: We aimed to evaluate the association between the NLR and END in cancer-related stroke patients. METHODS: We included 85 cryptogenic stroke patients with active cancer...
2018: PloS One
Wuhao Huang, Shengguang Wang, Hua Zhang, Bin Zhang, Changli Wang
Objective: Cancer-associated inflammation and coagulation cascades play vital roles in cancer progression and survival. In this study, we investigated the significance of the combination of preoperative fibrinogen and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in predicting the survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 589 patients with NSCLC who underwent surgery. The univariate and multivariate Cox survival analyses were used to evaluate the prognostic indicators, including the combination of fibrinogen and NLR (F-NLR)...
February 2018: Cancer Biology & Medicine
Ding Peng, Cui-Jian Zhang, Qi Tang, Lei Zhang, Kai-Wei Yang, Xiao-Teng Yu, Yanqing Gong, Xue-Song Li, Zhi-Song He, Li-Qun Zhou
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prognostic significance of the novel index combining preoperative hemoglobin and albumin levels and lymphocyte and platelet counts (HALP) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. METHODS: We enrolled 1360 patients who underwent nephrectomy in our institution from 2001 to 2010. The cutoff values for HALP, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio were defined by using X-tile software. Survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method, with differences analyzed by the log-rank test...
March 15, 2018: BMC Urology
Masato Yasui, Yoriko Hasegawa, Takashi Kawahara, Yohei Kumano, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Nobuaki Matsubara, Hiroji Uemura
Abiraterone acetate (AA), a CYP17 inhibitor, now has a crucial role in the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and previous studies have reported several prognostic clinical factors for AA treatment. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has also been investigated for a CRPC treatments in a few reports, however it has not been identified to be a prognostic factor for AA treatment in Japanese patients. The present study aimed to assess the association of the baseline NLR with the overall survival (OS) in CPRC patients treated by AA...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Chaobin He, Yize Mao, Xiangming Lao, Shengping Li, Xiaojun Lin
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been regarded as a prognostic factor in various types of cancer. The present study aimed to identify the association between NLR and combined hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) in patients who underwent surgical resection. The present study retrospectively reviewed 59 patients who were diagnosed with cHCC-CC and treated with surgical resection between January 2000 and October 2014 at the Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China)...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Claudia Marchetti, Alessia Romito, Angela Musella, Giulia Santo, Innocenza Palaia, Giorgia Perniola, Violante Di Donato, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
OBJECTIVES: In ovarian cancer (OC), approximately 70% will relapse within 12 months from diagnosis; inflammation plays an important role in cancer initiating and progression; thus, a combination of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and fibrinogen (F-NLR) has been proposed as prognostic marker in several tumors. The aim of our study was to investigate the correlation between NLR, fibrinogen, and F-NLR and survival in OC population. METHODS: Patients with diagnosis of OC admitted to our institute between 2011 and 2016 were included...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Shu-Qi Li, Yu-Huan Jiang, Jin Lin, Jing Zhang, Fan Sun, Qiu-Fang Gao, Lei Zhang, Qing-Gen Chen, Xiao-Zhong Wang, Hou-Qun Ying
Chronic inflammation is one of the critical causes to promote the initiation and metastasis of solid malignancies including lung cancer (LC). Here, we aimed to investigate the prognostic roles of albumin (Alb)-to-fibrinogen (Fib) ratio (AFR), Fib and Alb in LC and to establish a novel effective nomogram combined with AFR. Four hundred twelve LC patients diagnosed between February 2005 and December 2014 were recruited in this prospective study. The prognostic roles of AFR, Fib, Alb, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) were identified by X-tile software, Kaplan-Meier curve, Cox regression model, and time-dependent ROC...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Rui Liao, Cong Peng, Ming Li, De-Wei Li, Ning Jiang, Pei-Zhi Li, Xiong Ding, Qiao Wu, Cheng-You Du, Jian-Ping Gong
In this study, we aimed to compare and validate the prognostic abilities of preoperative systemic immune cells in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative hepatectomy. We developed two nomograms to predict the postoperative recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) after comparisons of the systemic immune cell prognostic scores. The two nomograms were constructed based on 305 patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the nomograms were compared with six commonly used staging systems for HCC...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Yisheng Wei, Xiao Zhang, Guoying Wang, Yaguang Zhou, Minrui Luo, Shan Wang, Chuyuan Hong
AIM: The effects of circulating eosinophils and basophils on cancer survival are unclear. Here, we aimed to explore the impacts of eosinophils and basophils on prognosis of stage I-III colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. METHODS: From February 2003 to March 2013, 569 stage I-III CRC patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. The associations between pretreatment circulating eosinophils, basophils and CRC overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) were investigated...
March 12, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Janette L Vardy, Haryana Mary Dhillon, Gregory R Pond, Corrinne Renton, Stephen J Clarke, Ian F Tannock
Background: Inflammation promotes the development of malignancy, while a variety of systemic markers of inflammation predict for worse cancer outcomes including recurrence and survival. Here, we evaluate the prognostic impact of cytokine concentrations, full blood count (FBC) differential ratios, cognitive function and fatigue on survival in patients with localised colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients and methods: Data are from a prospective longitudinal study comparing cognitive function and fatigue in patients with CRC who did (n=173) and did not (n=116) receive adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
2018: ESMO Open
Aurélien Dupré, Hassan Z Malik
Chronic inflammation is an aberrantly prolonged form of a protective response to a loss of tissue homeostasis and it is involved in several steps of the carcinogenesis process. As a result, many cancers are inflammation-related. The systemic inflammatory response is associated with survival in advanced and localized cancers. Two categories of scores have been proposed to monitor the systemic inflammatory response, those derived from protein measurement and those based on counting inflammatory cells. This review aims to provide a critical appraisal of these 2 categories of surrogate markers...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Junyi Shen, Jun Wen, Chuan Li, Tianfu Wen, Lvnan Yan, Bo Li, Jiayin Yang, Changli Lu
BACKGROUND: Microvascular invasion (MVI) is well established as a negative prognostic factor for hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC). However, its prognostic value in different subgroups of Barcelona Clinical Liver Cancer (BCLC) stages remains to be elucidated. METHODS: Four hundred fifty-eight MVI-negative and 204 MVI-positive patients who underwent hepatectomy were retrospectively analyzed. After propensity score matching (PSM) analysis, 187 pairs of matched patients were generated...
March 12, 2018: BMC Cancer
Alexandra Frelau, Marc Pracht, Samuel Le Sourd, Alexandra Lespagnol, Romain Corre, Cédric Ménard, Karin Tarte, Jean Mosser, Julien Edeline
PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors are becoming the reference treatment for several types of cancers. Many patients show remarkable efficacy and low toxicity. However, some patients have a better outcome than others with PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors. So, it is crucial to identify biomarkers of response. We review here the available data of several potential biomarkers of efficacy. The expression of PD-L1, detected by immunohistochemistry on tumor cells and immune cells is a good predictive biomarker of response for some cancers; however, this method is not standardized, and there are different antibodies, different cut-off values, and different targets (tumor or microenvironment)...
March 7, 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
Ertuğrul Şefik, Bülent Günlüsoy, Özgü Aydoğdu, Yusuf Kadir Topçu, Yasin Ceylan, Tansu Değirmenci, Çetin Dinçel
Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the usefulness of preoperative neutrophile-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratios to predict pathological upstaging of invasive bladder cancer who underwent radical cystectomy. Material and methods: A total of 126 patients who underwent radical cystectomy at our clinic between January 2006 and March 2015 were retrospectively analysed. One hundred and twelve patients with organ-confined invasive bladder tumors (T2) detected at histopathological examination of transuretral resection material were included in the study...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"