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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121905/the-trafficking-of-women-and-girls-in-taiwan-characteristics-of-victims-perpetrators-and-forms-of-exploitation
#1
Lanying Huang
BACKGROUND: Prior to the passing of 2009 Human Trafficking Prevention Act (HTPA), human trafficking was underestimated in Taiwan. In the past, domestic trafficking in women and girls often targeted vulnerable groups such as young girls from poor families or minority groups. Since the 1990s, an increasing flow of immigrant women, mainly from Vietnam and Indonesia and some from China, into Taiwan has created a new group of Human Trafficking victims. The current study intends to identify, describe, and categorize reported and prosecuted human trafficking cases involving women and girls according to the HTPA in Taiwan...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971296/identifying-human-trafficking-victims-on-a-psychiatry-inpatient-service-a-case-series
#2
Phuong T Nguyen, Joanna Lamkin, John H Coverdale, Samuel Scott, Karen Li, Mollie R Gordon
Human trafficking is a serious and prevalent human rights violation that closely intersects with mental health. Limited empirical attention has been paid to the presentations and identification of trafficking victims in psychiatric settings. The primary goal of this paper is to describe the varied presentations of trafficking victims on an urban inpatient psychiatric unit. A literature review was conducted to identify relevant empirical articles to inform our examination of cases. Adult inpatient cases meeting criteria for known or possible human trafficking were systematically identified and illustrative cases were described...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697094/identifying-and-assisting-sexually-exploited-and-trafficked-patients-seeking-women-s-health-care-services
#3
Erin E Tracy, Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos
It is estimated that 21 million people are trafficked worldwide, including 11.4 million women and girls. Approximately 4.5 million are forced to do sexual labor. The exact prevalence of human trafficking is difficult to ascertain, however, given the limitations of data collection in an illegal industry. Obstetrician-gynecologists should not only be aware of the widespread nature of human trafficking, but also have the tools to assess patients for trafficking and respond to victim identifications. Patients may present with signs of physical abuse, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use, sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy, and nonspecific somatic complaints...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442598/ethylene-regulates-differential-growth-via-big-arf-gef-dependent-post-golgi-secretory-trafficking-in-arabidopsis
#4
Kristoffer Jonsson, Yohann Boutté, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Delphine Gendre, Rishikesh P Bhalerao
During early seedling development, the shoot apical meristem is protected from damage as the seedling emerges from soil by the formation of apical hook. Hook formation requires differential growth across the epidermis below the meristem in the hypocotyl. The plant hormones ethylene and auxin play key roles during apical hook development by controlling differential growth. We provide genetic and cell biological evidence for the role of ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1)-GTPase and its effector ARF-guanine-exchange factors (GEFs) of the Brefeldin A-inhibited GEF (BIG) family and GNOM in ethylene- and auxin-mediated control of hook development...
May 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#5
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397763/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-homeostasis-in-reproductive-physiology-and-pathology
#6
REVIEW
Elif Guzel, Sefa Arlier, Ozlem Guzeloglu-Kayisli, Mehmet Selcuk Tabak, Tugba Ekiz, Nihan Semerci, Kellie Larsen, Frederick Schatz, Charles Joseph Lockwood, Umit Ali Kayisli
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER), comprises 60% of the total cell membrane and interacts directly or indirectly with several cell organelles i.e., Golgi bodies, mitochondria and proteasomes. The ER is usually associated with large numbers of attached ribosomes. During evolution, ER developed as the specific cellular site of synthesis, folding, modification and trafficking of secretory and cell-surface proteins. The ER is also the major intracellular calcium storage compartment that maintains cellular calcium homeostasis...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178913/training-us-health-care-professionals-on-human-trafficking-where-do-we-go-from-here
#7
Clydette Powell, Kirsten Dickins, Hanni Stoklosa
Some 21 million adults and children are labor-trafficked or sex-trafficked through force, fraud, or coercion. In recognition of the interface between trafficking victims and the healthcare setting, over the last 10 years there has been a notable increase in training of health care professionals (HCPs) on human trafficking (HT) and its health implications. Many organizations have developed curricula and offered training in various clinical settings. However, methods and content of this education on trafficking vary widely, and there is little evaluation of the impact of the training...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165684/human-trafficking-ministering-to-the-invisible-victim
#8
Colleen Scanlon, Laura Krausa
Human trafficking is modern-day slavery - an insidious, criminal industry that gener- ates billions of dollars in labor trafficking alone. It knows no boundary of continent, country, race or class; it is a shattering, impartial predator that robs individuals of their basic human dignity.
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107164/decreasing-human-trafficking-through-sex-work-decriminalization
#9
Erin Albright, Kate D'Adamo
In order to decrease human trafficking, health care workers should support the full decriminalization of prostitution. Similar to trafficking in other forms of labor, preventing trafficking in the sex trade requires addressing the different forms of marginalization that create vulnerable communities. By removing punitive laws that prevent reporting of exploitation and abuse, decriminalization allows sex workers to work more safely, thereby reducing marginalization and vulnerability. Decriminalization can also help destigmatize sex work and help resist political, social, and cultural marginalization of sex workers...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107156/mandatory-reporting-of-human-trafficking-potential-benefits-and-risks-of-harm
#10
Abigail English
Human trafficking, including both sex and labor trafficking, has profound consequences for the safety, health, and well-being of victims and survivors. Efforts to address human trafficking through prevention, protection, and prosecution are growing but remain insufficient. Mandatory reporting has the potential to bring victims and survivors to the attention of social service and law enforcement agencies but may discourage trafficked persons from seeking help, thereby limiting the ability of health care professionals to establish trust and provide needed care...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895585/feto-maternal-trafficking-of-exosomes-in-murine-pregnancy-models
#11
Samantha Sheller-Miller, Jun Lei, George Saade, Carlos Salomon, Irina Burd, Ramkumar Menon
Timing and initiation of labor are well-orchestrated by signals communicated between the fetal and maternal compartments; however, how these signals are communicated is not completely understood. Fetal exosomes, intercellular signaling vesicles, may play a key role in the process. The objective of this study was to evaluate exosome trafficking in vivo from fetal to maternal compartments. Pregnant CD-1 mice were intra-amniotically injected on gestational day 16 and 17 with exosomes isolated from primary human amnion epithelial cells fluorescently labeled with the lipophilic dye 1,1-dioctadecyl-3,3,3,3-tetramethylindotricarbocyanine iodide (DiR)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781009/human-trafficking-identification-and-service-provision-in-the-medical-and-social-service-sectors
#12
Corinne Schwarz, Erik Unruh, Katie Cronin, Sarah Evans-Simpson, Hannah Britton, Megha Ramaswamy
The medical sector presents a unique opportunity for identification and service to victims of human trafficking. In this article, we describe local and site-specific efforts to develop an intervention tool to be used in an urban hospital's emergency department in the midwestern United States. In the development of our tool, we focused on both identification and intervention to assist trafficked persons, through a largely collaborative process in which we engaged local stakeholders for developing site-specific points of intervention...
June 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767953/role-of-occupational-therapy-in-combating-human-trafficking
#13
Kathleen W Gorman, Beth Ann Hatkevich
Human trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery that includes sex trafficking, labor trafficking, and trafficking of children. It is estimated that 35.8 million people are enslaved around the world. Because of the traumatic experiences that victims of human trafficking encounter, the needs of victims are extensive and require the services of several providers, including health care providers, for victims to transform into survivors and thrivers. Currently, the role of occupational therapy is minimal and unexplored...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537695/human-trafficking-the-role-of-medicine-in-interrupting-the-cycle-of-abuse-and-violence
#14
Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos
Human trafficking, a form of modern slavery, is an egregious violation of human rights with profound personal and public health implications. It includes forced labor and sexual exploitation of both U.S. and non-U.S. citizens and has been reported in all 50 states. Victims of human trafficking are currently among the most abused and disenfranchised persons in society, and they face a wide range of negative health outcomes resulting from their subjugation and exploitation. Medicine has an important role to play in mitigating the devastating effects of human trafficking on individuals and society...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077341/human-trafficking-and-health-a-survey-of-male-and-female-survivors-in-england
#15
Siân Oram, Melanie Abas, Debra Bick, Adrian Boyle, Rebecca French, Sharon Jakobowitz, Mizanur Khondoker, Nicky Stanley, Kylee Trevillion, Louise Howard, Cathy Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: To investigate physical and mental health and experiences of violence among male and female trafficking survivors in a high-income country. METHODS: Our data were derived from a cross-sectional survey of 150 men and women in England who were in contact with posttrafficking support services. Interviews took place over 18 months, from June 2013 to December 2014. RESULTS: Participants had been trafficked for sexual exploitation (29%), domestic servitude (29...
June 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034324/human-trafficking-in-ethiopia-a-scoping-review-to-identify-gaps-in-service-delivery-research-and-policy
#16
Dana C Beck, Kristen R Choi, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Jody R Lori
The purpose of this review is to integrate evidence on human trafficking in Ethiopia and identify gaps and recommendations for service delivery, research and training, and policy. A scoping literature review approach was used to systematically search nursing, medical, psychological, law, and international databases and synthesize information on a complex, understudied topic. The search yielded 826 articles, and 39 met the predetermined criteria for inclusion in the review. Trafficking in Ethiopia has occurred internally and externally in the form of adult and child labor and sex trafficking...
March 31, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26907385/role-of-decidual-cd14-macrophages-in-the-homeostasis-of-maternal-fetal-interface-and-the-differentiation-capacity-of-the-cells-during-pregnancy-and-parturition
#17
Huijuan Wang, Min He, Yunhua Hou, Saiying Chen, Xiaojie Zhang, Mingshun Zhang, Xiaohui Ji
OBJECTIVE: Decidual macrophages (dMΦs) have been implicated in fetal tolerance, but little information is known regarding their differentiation capacity and interactions with T cells. The present study aimed to investigate the immunological characteristics of dMΦs at mid and term pregnancy. METHODS: The dMΦs were analyzed for their phenotypes and cytokine production by flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively. The transendothelial trafficking model was implemented to allow the dMΦs to differentiate...
February 2016: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821129/a-chance-to-help
#18
Joey Berlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2016: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26760595/addressing-suspected-labor-trafficking-in-the-office
#19
Ranit Mishori, Anita Ravi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2015: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26653947/fetal-surgical-conditions-and-the-unraveling-of-maternal-fetal-tolerance
#20
REVIEW
Tippi C MacKenzie
Fetal surgery is a fascinating field that will continue to evolve as we develop a more refined understanding of the underlying biology of various birth defects. Since preterm labor is a frequent outcome of fetal intervention, examining the mechanisms that lead to a breakdown in maternal-fetal tolerance is vital to developing strategies to overcome this limitation. The trafficking of cells between the mother and fetus during pregnancy plays a critical role in the education of the fetal immune system and may have implications for postnatal transplantation tolerance...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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