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Joshua D Niforatos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Dawn Bounds, Kathleen R Delaney, Wrenetha Julion, Susan Breitenstein
It is estimated that annually 100,000 to 300,000 youth are at risk for sex trafficking; a commercial sex act induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or any such act where the person induced to perform such an act is younger than 18 years of age. Increasingly, such transactions are occurring online via Internet-based sites that serve the commercial sex industry. Commercial sex transactions involving trafficking are illegal; thus, Internet discussions between those involved must be veiled. Even so, transactions around sex trafficking do occur...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
María Luisa Mittal, Angela Robertson Bazzi, María Gudelia Rangel, Hugo Staines, Kelly Yotebieng, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jennifer L Syvertsen
Female sex work is often perceived as women being controlled by men. We used surveys and qualitative interviews with female sex workers and their intimate partners in two Northern Mexico cities to examine couples' own perceptions of their relationships and male partners' involvement in sex work. Among 214 couples, the median age was 34 and relationship duration was approximately 3 years. Only 10 women in the survey reported having a pimp, and the majority reported sole control over sex work decisions. Qualitative analyses revealed that while most men avoided direct involvement in sex work, they offered advice that was largely driven by concern for their partner's well-being...
November 24, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Xianghong Wang, Shunjie Yan, Lingjie Song, Hengchong Shi, Huawei Yang, Shifang Luan, Yubin Huang, Jinghua Yin, Ather Farooq Khan, Jie Zhao
Unlike conventional poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM)-based surfaces switching from bactericidal activity to bacterial repellency upon decreasing temperature, we developed a hierarchical polymer architecture, which could maintain bactericidal activities at room temperature while presenting bacterial repellency at physiological temperature. In this architecture, a thermoresponsive bactericidal upper layer consisting of PNIPAM-based copolymer and vancomycin (Van) moieties was built on an antifouling poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (PSBMA) bottom layer via sequential surface-initiated photoiniferter-mediated polymerization...
November 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ankur Srivastava, Jeremy T Goldbach
The article explores pathways to male transactional sex, focusing on entering, soliciting practices, role of pimps, client characteristics, and negotiations. Little scientific literature exists regarding male transactional sex in India, who represent a high-risk group for HIV infection. Case studies with 10 men who engage in transactional sex were conducted, who were recruited using purposive snowball sampling and interviewed at a social service organization. Participants differed in their sexual identity, sex roles, soliciting practices, and clients...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
Yoann Gloaguen, Fraser Morton, Rónán Daly, Ross Gurden, Simon Rogers, Joe Wandy, David Wilson, Michael Barrett, Karl Burgess
Summary: The Polyomics integrated Metabolomics Pipeline (PiMP) fulfils an unmet need in metabolomics data analysis. PiMP offers automated and user-friendly analysis from mass spectrometry data acquisition to biological interpretation. Our key innovations are the Summary Page, which provides a simple overview of the experiment in the format of a scientific paper, containing the key findings of the experiment along with associated metadata; and the Metabolite Page, which provides a list of each metabolite accompanied by 'evidence cards', which provide a variety of criteria behind metabolite annotation including peak shapes, intensities in different sample groups and database information...
August 14, 2017: Bioinformatics
Virginie Cailleau, Bérangère Thirioux, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Nematollah Jaafari
According to victimization surveys, the percentage of females among child abusers is much higher than 2 or 5% as usually reported in the devoted literature. The under-estimated percentage of child sexual abuses committed by females would result from the dissimulation of sexual acts within nursing care, a gender bias in favor of women among child protection system professionals and low disclosures. Sexual abuses committed by females are often more harmful for children than sexual abuses committed by males. Although a few female child abusers suffers from psychiatric disorders, most of them are psychologically and emotionally dependent from a man or have psychopathic, manipulative and sometimes sadistic personality traits...
December 2017: La Presse Médicale
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Eric A Williams, Andrew R Miesner, Emily A Beckett, Sarah E Grady
BACKGROUND: "Pimping" is an informal teaching technique that is widely used in medical education. Pimping is characterized by questioning the learner with the intent of reinforcing clinical hierarchy. To date, there are no studies of the use of pimping in pharmacy education. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of pimping as a teaching method in pharmacy education and to compare student and faculty perceptions of this technique. METHODS: Faculty and fourth-year PharmD (P4) students from 2 colleges of pharmacy were invited to participate in a survey about experiences and perceptions of pimping...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Charles Hounmenou
There is limited research on child prostitution in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly as it relates to boys. An international research study on child prostitution was conducted in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. A descriptive, cross-sectional research design with a survey method was used to collect data. Convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants. A total of 709 children in prostitution participated in the study, including 261 girls in Benin, 243 girls in Burkina Faso, and 192 girls and 13 boys in Niger...
July 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Suzanne J Dilly, George S Morris
Drug development has moved along way forward from the days of with doctors peddling cauldrons of herbs and spices, however, the process can still miss opportunities for full exploitation of a drug's potential. Drug reprofiling provides a chance for an established or a forgotten drug to move into a new area of therapy, whether related to the known effects or in a completely new area. In an era of environmental awareness and spiraling costs for traditional drug development, a strategy to squeeze every benefit out of drugs with known safety, tolerability and pharmacological parameters must be a strategically sound desire...
2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Emily F Rothman
According to the World Health Organization, "commercial sex" is the exchange of money or goods for sexual services, and this term can be applied to both consensual and nonconsensual exchanges. Some nonconsensual exchanges qualify as human trafficking. Whether the form of commercial sex that is also known as prostitution should be decriminalized is being debated contentiously around the world, in part because the percentage of commercial sex exchanges that are consensual as opposed to nonconsensual, or trafficked, is unknown...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Paikun Zhu, Juhao Li, Yuanxiang Chen, Peng Zhou, Zhangyuan Chen, Yongqi He
Optical multicasting that supports point-to-multipoint traffic replication can be one of the necessary techniques in next-generation all-optical elastic networks. In this paper, we propose an optical multicasting approach for polarization-division-multiplexing (PDM) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals based on a novel polarization-interleaved multi-pump (PIMP) four-wave mixing (FWM) scheme in highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF). Besides format transparency and the support of PDM signals, the scheme further enables wide spectral tunability of generated replicas...
November 14, 2016: Optics Express
Loretta J Stalans, Mary A Finn
Prior research has found that pimps use both non-coercive and coercive management styles across and within market segments of the illicit sex trade. The current study is the first to examine the socialization processes underlying variation in the self-reported coerciveness of pimps. This study begins to fill a void in the almost non-existent research on pimps who are actively managing Internet-solicited sex workers, and adds to the sparse research on pimps' coerciveness. We extend Anderson's concepts of "street code" families, where respect is acquired through displaying physical violence and toughness, and "decent" families, where middle class values of avoiding unnecessary aggression and complying with the law prevail, to understand variation in the degree of coerciveness that pimps utilize toward sex workers...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Eric R Carlson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Wei Feng, Dongsheng Zhou, Qian Wang, Wenbo Luo, Defu Zhang, Qiang Sun, Yigang Tong, Weijun Chen, Fengjun Sun, Peiyuan Xia
A total of 26 blaIMP-4-carrying strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae were isolated from 2009 to 2013 in a Chinese teaching hospital, and these strains can be assigned into multiple sequence types or allelic profiles as determined by multilocus sequence typing. Of these strains, P. aeruginosa P378 and K. pneumoniae 1220 harbor the IMP-4-encoding plasmids pP378-IMP and p1220-IMP, respectively, whose complete nucleotide sequences are determined to be genetically closely related to the IncN1-type plasmid pIMP-HZ1...
September 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
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