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Arnab Biswas, Mrigendra Dubey, Sujay Mukhopadhyay, Ashish Kumar, Daya Shankar Pandey
Progelator complex Zn-TRPA-2 undergoes Cl(-) triggered gelation to afford ZTP2G, while Zn-TRPA-2 capped Au-NPs under similar conditions gave another gel GNZTP2G which also represents a rare nano-composite metallogel. When Zn-TRPA-2 was triggered by Cl(-) and NO3(-) simultaneously, crystals of demetalated species NA-TRPA-2 grew inside the ZTP2G matrix. Interestingly, GNZTP2G exhibits superior viscoelastic properties over ZTP2G.
March 28, 2016: Soft Matter
Mohsen Ibrahim, Fioralba Pindozzi, Cecilia Menna, Erino A Rendina
Diffuse tracheobronchial calcification is a physiological condition associated with advanced age, especially in women. A calcified bronchus can be fractured during major lung resections (lobectomy, bilobectomy, and pneumonectomy), exposing patients to intraoperative air leakage and broncho-pleural fistula (BPF) occurrence. We retrospectively evaluated the use of Progel® application on the suture line of bronchial stump after pulmonary lobectomy analysing the intraoperative air leak and BPF occurrence. Between January 2014 and December 2014, Progel® was applied in 11 patients who presented intraoperative bronchial fractures after suture resection by mechanical staplers and air leak from bronchial stump, in order to treat air leakage...
February 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Clark Fuller
Intraoperative alveolar air leaks (IOALs) occur in 75% of patients during pulmonary resection. Despite routine use of sutures and stapling devices, they remain a significant problem in the daily practice of thoracic surgery. Air leaks that persist beyond postoperative day 5 often result in increased costs and complications. Several large meta-analyses have determined that sealants as a class reduce postoperative air leak duration and time to chest drain removal, but these results did not necessarily correlate with a reduction in length of postoperative hospital stay...
2013: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Ara Klijian
BACKGROUND: Intra-operative air leaks (IOAL) are common complications of pulmonary surgery. The post-operative management of air leaks requires a chest tube which may lead to longer hospitalization, further medical complications, and increased costs. Sealants have been shown to help control intra-operative air leaks and studies have demonstrated a reduction in chest tube duration and/or length of hospital stay. Nevertheless, systematic reviews have not presented sufficient evidence to recommend their general use in lung resection...
2012: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Ashok K Singh, Shveta Gupta
Darbepoietin (DAR) and recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) stimulate erythropoiesis, leading to an increase in red blood cells. Along with their legitimate clinical use, rhEPO and DAR are also misused in racing horses for performance enhancement. To control the illegal use of DAR and rhEPO, it is important to develop analytical methods for the detection and confirmation of these proteins in plasma. Analysis of rhEPO and DAR in plasma is challenging due to the presence of a number of high abundance proteins including albumin that interferes with their extraction...
July 2007: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
B T Frank, J C Rossall, G H Caughey, K C Fang
We previously reported that mast cell alpha-chymase cleaves and activates progelatinase B (progel B). Outside of cells, progel B is complexed with tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, which hinders zymogen activation and inhibits activity of mature forms. The current work demonstrates that dog BR mastocytoma cells, HMC-1 cells, and murine bone marrow-derived mast cells secrete TIMP-1 whose electrophoretic profile in supernatants suggests degranulation-dependent proteolysis. Alpha-chymase cleaves uncomplexed TIMP-1, reducing its ability to inhibit gel B, whereas tryptase has no effect...
February 15, 2001: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
W Knapp, B Prögel, C Knapp
Using the Widal reaction, significant titres against Yersinia enterocolitica, O-group I and V, were found in 300 of 2843 patients (10.5%) with reactive arthritis or arthralgia, and in 38 (1.3%) against Y. pseudotuberculosis type I to V. Of 510 patients with erythema nodosum 86 (16.9%) and 30 (5.9%), respectively, had significant agglutinin titres against one or the other. The results confirm the aetiological significance of Y. pseudotuberculosis, type I to V, in reactive arthritis and erythema nodosum, as well as the essential saturation of patient sera especially with Salmonella of the B or D group in the demonstration of significant antibody titres against Y...
August 21, 1981: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
D J Abraham, D M Gazze, P E Kennedy, M Mokotoff
This paper reports the discovery of a new class of potent antigelling agents. The new compounds, disubstituted benzoic acid derivatives, were designed by using molecular modeling experiments. These molecules contain functional groups positioned to interact with several polar amino acid residues near the Val-6 beta mutation site (donor site) in HbS. The compounds also contain a hydrophobic group designed to occupy a nonpolar ara on the surface of the protein created by several hydrophobic amino acids. The synthesis and testing of these new molecules using a standard solubility assay is reported...
December 1984: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
M C Garel, J Caburi-Martin, C Domenget, J Kister, C T Craescu, C Poyart, Y Beuzard
Thiol reagents, covalently bound to cysteine beta 93, either inhibit or facilitate the polymerization process of hemoglobin S. The progelling effect of parahydroxymercurybenzoate or 2,2'-dithiodipyridine contrasted with the increased oxygen affinity and the destabilization of the T state of Hb shown by functional and NMR studies. Thiol reagents increased the oxygen affinity of Hb from 30 to 1000%. Such variability was also observed in the reduction (up to 50%) of the alkaline Bohr effect. We show that the antigelling or progelling activity of thiol reagents does not depend solely on the concentration of molecules present in the deoxy T state but that specific effects of the reagent affects molecular interactions of the hemoglobin S polymerization process...
November 15, 1990: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
S Shibata, R J Midura, V C Hascall
Swarm rat chondrosarcoma cell cultures were metabolically labeled with [35S]sulfate, [3H]glucose, or [3H]glucosamine. Chondroitin sulfate chains were isolated from purified aggrecan using alkaline borohydride treatment and Superose 6 chromatography. Various linkage region oligosaccharide alditols were derived from these chains using sequential chondroitinase digestions (ABC lyase followed by ACII lyase). They were then further processed by mercuric acetate treatment, which removed the 4,5-unsaturated uronosyl residue from the nonreducing end of the linkage, and then beta-galactosidase digestion which liberated the 2 galactose residues from the xylitol reducing terminus...
April 5, 1992: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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