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Nonaccidental trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918377/utility-of-emergency-department-observation-units-for-neurologically-intact-children-with-head-ct-abnormalities-secondary-to-acute-closed-head-injury
#1
Roxanna Lefort, Jill V Hunter, Andrea T Cruz, A Chantal Caviness, Thomas G Luerssen, Aderonke Adekunle-Ojo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the utility of the emergency department observation unit (EDOU) for neurologically intact children with closed head injuries (CHIs) and computed tomography (CT) abnormalities. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of children aged 0 to 18 years with acute CHI, abnormal head CT, and a Glasgow Coma Scales score of 14 or higher admitted to the EDOU of a tertiary care children's hospital from 2007 to 2010. Children with multisystem trauma, nonaccidental trauma, and previous neurosurgical or coagulopathic conditions were excluded...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894429/nonaccidental-trauma-in-pediatric-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Paul T Kim, Richard A Falcone
This article presents an overview of nonaccidental trauma in children, including common clinical presentation, evaluation, and diagnosis.
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851666/factors-associated-with-nonaccidental-trauma-evaluation-among-patients-below-36-months-old-presenting-with-femur-fractures-at-a-level-1-pediatric-trauma-center
#3
Allison M Blatz, Catherine W Gillespie, Arielle Katcher, Allison Matthews, Matthew E Oetgen
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons published clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) on the treatment of pediatric diaphyseal femur fractures, which recommended a nonaccidental trauma (NAT) evaluation for all patients below 36 months of age. A recent study of these guidelines found <50% clinical compliance with this treatment recommendation. We aimed to identify areas for improvement in compliance with this guideline. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all patients presenting to a single pediatric tertiary care hospital with a diaphyseal femur fracture from January 2007 to June 2013 who were below 36 months old...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851304/1669-bathtub-cold-water-immersion-secondary-to-nonaccidental-trauma-causing-near-drowning
#4
Rujul Desai, Leslie Strickler, Hemant Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821497/pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-prevention-initiatives-a-literature-review
#5
Nahara Rodrigues Laterza Lopes, Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Williams
Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a serious form of child maltreatment that needs to be prevented. The aim of this study was to summarize the main AHT prevention strategies described in literature, aiming to identify evidence of their efficiency, as well as strengths and limitations. International databases were reviewed from 2005 to 2015 using the key words Shaken Baby Syndrome or abusive head trauma or nonaccidental head trauma or abusive head injury or nonaccidental head injury and prevention A total of 1,215 articles were found and 34 complete articles were selected for this study...
November 6, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798981/hydrocephalus-associated-with-childhood-nonaccidental-head-trauma
#6
Sudhakar Vadivelu, Harold L Rekate, Debra Esernio-Jenssen, Mark A Mittler, Steven J Schneider
OBJECTIVE The incidence of posttraumatic ventriculomegaly (PTV) and shunt-dependent hydrocephalus after nonaccidental head trauma (NAHT) is unknown. In the present study, the authors assessed the timing of PTV development, the relationship between PTV and decompressive craniectomy (DC), and whether PTV necessitated placement of a permanent shunt. Also, NAHT/PTV cases were categorized into a temporal profile of delay in admission and evaluated for association with outcomes at discharge. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the cases of patients diagnosed with NAHT throughout a 10-year period...
November 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749800/a-case-of-child-physical-abuse-with-a-rolling-pin-insertion-resulting-in-bladder-and-rectal-perforation
#7
Meda Kondolot, Selim Doganay, Cüneyt Turan, Hasim Asil, Didem B Oztop, Caglar Ozdemir
Visceral injuries are not uncommon in nonaccidental trauma and often require emergent operative intervention. However, sometimes it can be difficult to assess the extent of injury. In this report, we present a case of child physical abuse resulting in bladder and rectal perforations, which was initially referred to our hospital as acute abdomen with intraperitoneal free fluid on ultrasonography. An exploratory laparotomy revealed the perforations and surgical repair was performed. The patient was evaluated by the Hospital Child Protective team and it was revealed that bladder and rectum perforations were due to insertion of rolling pin into the rectum by the stepmother...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741078/the-utility-of-head-computed-tomography-in-the-evaluation-of-apparent-life-threatening-event
#8
Wayne Stark, Annie Rominger, Fred Warkentine, Kerry Caperell
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of empiric head computed tomography (CT) in apparent life threatening event (ALTE). METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of children younger than 12 months presenting to an urban pediatric hospital and its suburban satellite for an ALTE from October 2009 to December 2012. The ALTE cases were identified as having had a diagnosis of ALTE (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision 799...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712897/a-rare-but-important-entity-epistaxis-in-infants
#9
Amy M DeLaroche, Helene Tigchelaar, Nirupama Kannikeswaran
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is a common emergency department (ED) complaint; however, this entity is rare among children younger than 2 years of age. In this age group, epistaxis may be a presenting sign of a bleeding disorder or nonaccidental trauma. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 2-month-old infant who was evaluated in the pediatric ED for epistaxis and discharged home. The infant returned 2 days later with facial swelling and irritability, and was found to have significant head trauma...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709874/transphyseal-distal-humerus-fracture
#10
Joshua M Abzug, Christine Ann Ho, Todd F Ritzman, Brian Brighton
Transphyseal distal humerus fractures typically occur in children younger than 3 years secondary to birth trauma, nonaccidental trauma, or a fall from a small height. Prompt and accurate diagnosis of a transphyseal distal humerus fracture is crucial for a successful outcome. Recognizing that the forearm is not aligned with the humerus on plain radiographs may aid in the diagnosis of a transphyseal distal humerus fracture. Surgical management is most commonly performed with the aid of an arthrogram. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning techniques similar to those used for supracondylar humerus fractures are employed...
February 15, 2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500827/continuous-electroencephalography-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-seizure-characteristics-and-outcomes
#11
Jarin Vaewpanich, Karin Reuter-Rice
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality. Secondary injury that occurs as a result of a direct impact plays a crucial role in patient prognosis. The guidelines for the management of severe TBI target treatment of secondary injury. Posttraumatic seizure, one of the secondary injury sequelae, contributes to further damage to the injured brain. Continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) helps detect both clinical and subclinical seizure, which aids early detection and prompt treatment...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430465/trauma
#12
Thierry A G M Huisman, Andrea Poretti
Traumatic brain and spine injury (TBI/TSI) is a leading cause of death and lifelong disability in children. The biomechanical properties of the child's brain, skull, and spine, the size of the child, the age-specific activity pattern, and variance in trauma mechanisms result in a wide range of age-specific traumas and patterns of brain and spine injuries. A detailed knowledge about the various types of primary and secondary pediatric head and spine injuries is essential to better identify and understand pediatric TBI/TSI, which enhances sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis, will guide therapy, and may give important information about the prognosis...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258718/hair-today-scalped-tomorrow-massive-subgaleal-haematoma-following-sudden-hair-pulling-in-an-adolescent-in-the-absence-of-haematological-abnormality-or-skull-fracture
#13
Sarah-Jayne Edmondson, Saif Ramman, Nadine Hachach-Haram, Kamal Bisarya, Brian Fu, Juling Ong, Mo Akhavani
Subgaleal haematoma (SH) is a rare condition, most frequently observed in neonates as a complication of Ventouse-assisted delivery. There have been few patients reported beyond this period. Those that are present within the literature have typically resulted from significant blunt scalp trauma, with or without associated skull fracture. Those resulting secondary to relatively minor trauma, such as hair braiding or hair pulling, are rare but have been reported and are often associated with underlying haematological abnormalities or nonaccidental injury patients...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240286/traumatic-spinal-injuries-in-children-at-a-single-level-1-pediatric-trauma-centre-report-of-a-23-year-experience
#14
Christopher Kim, Michael Vassilyadi, Jason K Forbes, Nicholas W P Moroz, Alexandra Camacho, Paul J Moroz
BACKGROUND: With a reported incidence of up to 10% compared to all spinal trauma, spinal injuries in children are less common than in adults. Children can have spine fractures with or without myelopathy, or spinal cord injuries without radiological abnormalities (SCIWORA). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of children with spinal injuries treated at a level 1 pediatric trauma centre between 1990 and 2013. RESULTS: A total of 275 children were treated during the study period...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231224/mr-imaging-of-the-cervical-spine-in-nonaccidental-trauma-a-tertiary-institution-experience
#15
R Jacob, M Cox, K Koral, C Greenwell, Y Xi, L Vinson, K Reeder, B Weprin, R Huang, T N Booth
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cervical MR imaging has demonstrated a utility for detecting soft tissue injury in nonaccidental trauma. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and types of cervical spine injury on MR imaging in nonaccidental trauma and to correlate cervical spine injury with parenchymal injury on brain MR imaging and findings on head CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of children diagnosed with nonaccidental trauma in a tertiary referral pediatric hospital over 8 years was performed...
May 26, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130985/atypical-accessory-intraparietal-sutures-mimicking-complex-fractures-in-a-neonate
#16
Meryle J Eklund, Keith C Carver, Seth T Stalcup, Ellen C Riemer, Michael A Taylor, Jeanne G Hill
Partial or complete division of the parietal bones resulting in anomalous cranial sutures is a rare entity and may raise concern for fracture and potential abuse when identified on radiological examination in young children. We present a case of a 4-week-old male found to have anomalous intraparietal sutures originally interpreted as fractures during a comprehensive evaluation for nonaccidental trauma. Our goal is to raise awareness of a complex branching pattern of accessory intraparietal sutures, which has not been previously described...
July 2016: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091551/the-radiologist-s-role-in-child-abuse-imaging-protocol-and-differential-diagnosis
#17
I Delgado Álvarez, I Barber Martínez de la Torre, É Vázquez Méndez
Child abuse or nonaccidental trauma is a major problem worldwide; in Spain, there are about 12,000 victims per year. The detection of specific lesions or findings that are incongruent with the reported mechanism of trauma mean that radiologists are often the physician responsible for sounding the alarm in cases of abuse. The triad consisting of subdural hematoma, metaphyseal fracture, and posterior rib fractures is very characteristic of the battered child syndrome. The finding of acute and chronic lesions in the same patient is highly specific for nonaccidental trauma...
May 2016: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049206/transphyseal-distal-humerus-fracture
#18
Joshua Abzug, Christine Ann Ho, Todd F Ritzman, Brian Brighton
Transphyseal distal humerus fractures typically occur in children younger than 3 years secondary to birth trauma, nonaccidental trauma, or a fall from a small height. Prompt and accurate diagnosis of a transphyseal distal humerus fracture is crucial for a successful outcome. Recognizing that the forearm is not aligned with the humerus on plain radiographs may aid in the diagnosis of a transphyseal distal humerus fracture. Surgical management is most commonly performed with the aid of an arthrogram. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning techniques similar to those used for supracondylar humerus fractures are employed...
2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993377/racial-disparities-after-vascular-trauma-are-age-dependent
#19
Caitlin W Hicks, Joseph K Canner, Devin S Zarkowsky, Isibor Arhuidese, Tammam Obeid, Mahmoud B Malas
OBJECTIVE: Different racial disparities exist between white and black all-cause trauma patients depending on their age group; however, the effects of race and age on outcomes after vascular trauma are unknown. We assessed whether the previously described age-dependent racial disparities after all-cause trauma persist in the vascular trauma population. METHODS: Vascular trauma patients were identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (January 2005 to December 2012) using International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Edition codes...
March 15, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968322/should-children-with-suspected-nonaccidental-injury-be-admitted-to-a-surgical-service
#20
Summer Magoteaux, Megan Gilbert, Crystal S Langlais, Pamela Garcia-Filion, David M Notrica
BACKGROUND: In many hospitals, children with suspected nonaccidental trauma (sNAT) are admitted to nonsurgical services (NSS). Although the surgical service (SS) initially admitted sNAT patients at our American College of Surgeons (ACS)-verified level 1 pediatric trauma center (vPTC), a change in hospital policy allowed admission to NSS. The objective of this study was to determine if the rate of care-related indicators (CRIs) varies by admission to an SS vs an NSS in the sNAT patient population...
May 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
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