keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Post-Traumatic Epilepsy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756178/hippocampal-deep-brain-stimulation-persistent-seizure-control-after-bilateral-extra-cranial-electrode-fracture
#1
Massimo Piacentino, Giacomo Beggio, Lara Zordan, Paolo Bonanni
Hippocampal deep brain stimulation (DBS) can provide an effective alternative for intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. In this case report, we describe a peculiar outcome after a post-traumatic wire-disconnection of a bilateral hippocampal DBS device. The patient presented a postoperative long-term significant reduction in seizure frequency even with an absent electric stimulation. This case gives the possibility to consider alternatives in epilepsy surgery, based on stimulation interference (lesional or electrical disturbing) in the epileptogenic zone...
May 13, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588942/management-of-post-traumatic-epilepsy-an-evidence-review-over-the-last-5-years-and-future-directions
#2
Loretta Piccenna, Graeme Shears, Terence J O'Brien
Post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a relatively underappreciated condition that can develop as a secondary consequence following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this rapid evidence review is to provide a synthesis of existing evidence on the effectiveness of treatment interventions for the prevention of PTE in people who have suffered a moderate/severe TBI to increase awareness and understanding among consumers. Electronic medical databases (n = 5) and gray literature published between January 2010 and April 2015 were searched for studies on the management of PTE...
June 2017: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557322/is-concussion-a-risk-factor-for-epilepsy
#3
Richard Wennberg, Carmen Hiploylee, Peter Tai, Charles H Tator
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have suggested that concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), is associated with a twofold or greater increase in relative risk for the development of post-traumatic epilepsy. To assess the clinical validity of these findings, we analyzed the incidence of epilepsy in a large cohort of post-concussion patients in whom concussion was strictly defined according to international guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 330 consecutive post-concussion patients followed by a single concussion specialist...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549876/adult-autism-subthreshold-spectrum-adas-spectrum-in-parents-of-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy-correlations-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#4
L Dell'Osso, M Corsi, C Gesi, C A Bertelloni, G Massimetti, D Peroni, A Bonuccelli, A Orsini, C Carmassi
Increasing literature has shown the usefulness of a dimensional approach to mental disorders, particularly when exploring subjects exposed to traumatic experiences such as a severe illness in one's child. Recent evidence suggests an increased vulnerability in subjects with autism spectrum symptoms to develop post-traumatic stress symptoms. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence of adult autism subthreshold spectrum in a sample of parents of children with epilepsy and its impact on post-traumatic stress spectrum symptoms in the same study sample...
May 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537656/epileptiform-activity-in-traumatic-brain-injury-predicts-post-traumatic-epilepsy
#5
Jennifer A Kim, Emily J Boyle, Alexander C Wu, Andrew J Cole, Kevin J Staley, Sahar Zafar, Sydney S Cash, M Brandon Westover
We hypothesize that epileptiform abnormalities (EAs) in the electroencephalogram (EEG) during the acute period following traumatic brain injury (TBI) independently predict first-year post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE1 ). We analyze PTE1 risk factors in two cohorts matched for TBI severity and age (n = 50). EAs independently predict risk for PTE1 (odds ratio [OR], 3.16 [0.99, 11.68]); subdural hematoma is another independent risk factor (OR, 4.13 [1.18, 39.33]). Differences in EA rates are apparent within 5 days following TBI...
April 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464573/intrinsic-inflammation-is-a-potential-anti-epileptogenic-target-in-the-organotypic-hippocampal-slice-model
#6
Seon-Ah Chong, Silvia Balosso, Catherine Vandenplas, Gregory Szczesny, Etienne Hanon, Kasper Claes, Xavier Van Damme, Bénédicte Danis, Jonathan Van Eyll, Christian Wolff, Annamaria Vezzani, Rafal M Kaminski, Isabelle Niespodziany
Understanding the mechanisms of epileptogenesis is essential to develop novel drugs that could prevent or modify the disease. Neuroinflammation has been proposed as a promising target for therapeutic interventions to inhibit the epileptogenic process that evolves from traumatic brain injury. However, it remains unclear whether cytokine-related pathways, particularly TNFα signaling, have a critical role in the development of epilepsy. In this study, we investigated the role of innate inflammation in an in vitro model of post-traumatic epileptogenesis...
April 2018: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408225/partial-trkb-receptor-activation-suppresses-cortical-epileptogenesis-through-actions-on-parvalbumin-interneurons
#7
Feng Gu, Isabel Parada, Tao Yang, Frank M Longo, David A Prince
Post-traumatic epilepsy is one of the most common and difficult to treat forms of acquired epilepsy worldwide. Currently, there is no effective way to prevent post-traumatic epileptogenesis. It is known that abnormalities of interneurons, particularly parvalbumin-containing interneurons, play a critical role in epileptogenesis following traumatic brain injury. Thus, enhancing the function of existing parvalbumin interneurons might provide a logical therapeutic approach to prevention of post-traumatic epilepsy...
May 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364511/-18-f-ge180-positron-emission-tomographic-imaging-indicates-a-potential-double-hit-insult-in-the-intrahippocampal-kainate-mouse-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#8
Mirjam Brackhan, Pablo Bascuñana, Tobias L Ross, Frank M Bengel, Jens P Bankstahl, Marion Bankstahl
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence suggests that brain inflammation, elicited by epileptogenic insults, is involved in epilepsy development. Noninvasive nuclear imaging of brain inflammation in animal models of epileptogenesis represents a diagnostic in vivo approach with potential for direct translation into the clinic. Here, we investigated up-regulation of the translocator protein (TSPO) indicative of microglial activation by serial [18 F]GE180 positron emission tomographic (PET) imaging in a mouse model of temporal lobe epilepsy...
March 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313510/need-for-surgical-treatment-of-epilepsy-and-excision-of-tumors-and-post-traumatic-epileptogenic-lesions-in-kinshasa-rdc
#9
G Ntsambi-Eba, A Beltchika Kalubye, J P Kalala Okito
Surgery is a treatment to consider in epilepsy when the condition is refractory or epileptic events are related to a clearly identified brain abnormality. The tropical climate of the DRC explains the high risk of epilepsy and the potentially large number of refractory cases. The number of patients with epilepsy in Kinshasa is estimated to be at least 120 000, and almost one third may be refractory. Hence, the need to integrate the use of surgery in the treatment of this disease. Most neurosurgical techniques used for treating epilepsy are practiced with a neurosurgical microscope and neuronavigation...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288503/review-neurodegenerative-processes-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-with-hippocampal-sclerosis-clinical-pathological-and-neuroimaging-evidence
#10
REVIEW
X Y Tai, B Bernhardt, M Thom, P Thompson, S Baxendale, M Koepp, N Bernasconi
Cognitive decline is increasingly described as a co-morbidity of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Mechanisms underlying cognitive impairment are not fully understood despite examining clinical factors, such as seizure frequency, and cellular mechanisms of excitotoxicity. We review the neuropsychometry evidence for progressive cognitive decline and examine the pathology and neuroimaging evidence supporting a neurodegenerative process in hippocampal sclerosis (HS)-related TLE. Accelerated cognitive decline is described in groups of adult HS-related TLE patients...
February 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280684/sport-related-concussive-convulsions-a-systematic-review
#11
Nicholas O Kuhl, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Hannah Burnette, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of sport-related concussion (SRC) continues to rise. Presentations of concussed athletes vary from subtle symptoms to notable signs. Between the 4th and 5th iterations of the Concussion in Sport Group (CISG) guidelines, concussive convulsions were removed as a modifying factor, but little evidence or discussion supported this change. While considerable research exists regarding post-traumatic epilepsy in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury, convulsions following SRC are relatively understudied...
February 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247482/commonalities-in-epileptogenic-processes-from-different-acute-brain-insults-do-they-translate
#12
REVIEW
Pavel Klein, Raymond Dingledine, Eleonora Aronica, Christophe Bernard, Ingmar Blümcke, Detlev Boison, Martin J Brodie, Amy R Brooks-Kayal, Jerome Engel, Patrick A Forcelli, Lawrence J Hirsch, Rafal M Kaminski, Henrik Klitgaard, Katja Kobow, Daniel H Lowenstein, Phillip L Pearl, Asla Pitkänen, Noora Puhakka, Michael A Rogawski, Dieter Schmidt, Matti Sillanpää, Robert S Sloviter, Christian Steinhäuser, Annamaria Vezzani, Matthew C Walker, Wolfgang Löscher
The most common forms of acquired epilepsies arise following acute brain insults such as traumatic brain injury, stroke, or central nervous system infections. Treatment is effective for only 60%-70% of patients and remains symptomatic despite decades of effort to develop epilepsy prevention therapies. Recent preclinical efforts are focused on likely primary drivers of epileptogenesis, namely inflammation, neuron loss, plasticity, and circuit reorganization. This review suggests a path to identify neuronal and molecular targets for clinical testing of specific hypotheses about epileptogenesis and its prevention or modification...
January 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196247/early-and-late-posttraumatic-epilepsy-in-the-setting-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-meta-analysis-and-review-of-antiepileptic-management
#13
REVIEW
Christopher D Wilson, Josh D Burks, Richard B Rodgers, Robert M Evans, Adewale A Bakare, Sam Safavi-Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Moderate to severe traumatic brain injury confers increased risk of posttraumatic seizures (PTSs). Early PTSs are diagnosed when seizures develop within 7 days after injury, whereas seizures diagnosed as late PTSs occur later. Patients have been treated with phenytoin (PHT) to prevent early PTSs and more recently with levetiracetam (LEV). Various regimens have been tried in patients to prevent late PTSs with variable success. We assessed and compared effectiveness of these drugs on early and late PTS prevention...
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187863/smooth-an-hnrnp-l-homolog-might-decrease-mitochondrial-metabolism-by-post-transcriptional-regulation-of-isocitrate-dehydrogenase-idh-and-other-metabolic-genes-in-the-sub-acute-phase-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Arko Sen, Katherine Gurdziel, Jenney Liu, Wen Qu, Oluwademi O Nuga, Rayanne B Burl, Maik Hüttemann, Roger Pique-Regi, Douglas M Ruden
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause persistent pathological alteration of neurons. This may lead to cognitive dysfunction, depression and increased susceptibility to life threatening diseases, such as epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease. To investigate the underlying genetic and molecular basis of TBI, we subjected w 1118 Drosophila melanogaster to mild closed head trauma and found that mitochondrial activity is reduced in the brains of these flies 24 h after inflicting trauma. To determine the transcriptomic changes after mild TBI, we collected fly heads 24 h after inflicting trauma, and performed RNA-seq analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096134/modification-of-the-natural-progression-of-epileptogenesis-by-means-of-biperiden-in-the-pilocarpine-model-of-epilepsy
#15
Simone Bittencourt, Enéas Ferrazoli, Maria Fernanda Valente, Simone Romariz, Nilma R L L Janisset, Carlos Eduardo Macedo, Bruno de Brito Antonio, Vanessa Barros, Mayara Mundim, Marimélia Porcionatto, Mayra Consuelo Aarão, Maísa Ferreira Miranda, Antônio Márcio Rodrigues, Antônio-Carlos Guimarães de Almeida, Beatriz M Longo, Luiz E Mello
Brain injuries are often associated with the later development of epilepsy. Evidence suggests that morphological and functional changes occur in the remaining neural tissue during a silent (or latent) period in which no seizures are expressed. It is believed that this silent (reorganization) period may provide a therapeutic window for modifying the natural history of disease progression. Here we provide evidence that biperiden, a muscarinic anticholinergic agent, is able to alter disease progression in an animal model of epilepsy...
October 29, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034101/lamotrigine-induced-sexual-dysfunction-and-non-adherence-case-analysis-with-literature-review
#16
Kenneth R Kaufman, Melissa Coluccio, Kartik Sivaraaman, Miriam Campeas
BACKGROUND: Optimal anti-epileptic drug (AED) treatment maximises therapeutic response and minimises adverse effects (AEs). Key to therapeutic AED treatment is adherence. Non-adherence is often related to severity of AEs. Frequently, patients do not spontaneously report, and clinicians do not specifically query, critical AEs that lead to non-adherence, including sexual dysfunction. Sexual dysfunction prevalence in patients with epilepsy ranges from 40 to 70%, often related to AEDs, epilepsy or mood states...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981586/gabapentin-prevents-progressive-increases-in-excitatory-connectivity-and-epileptogenesis-following-neocortical-trauma
#17
D K Takahashi, Sha Jin, D A Prince
Neocortical injury initiates a cascade of events, some of which result in maladaptive epileptogenic reorganization of surviving neural circuits. Research focused on molecular and organizational changes that occur following trauma may reveal processes that underlie human post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE), a common and unfortunate consequence of traumatic brain injury. The latency between injury and development of PTE provides an opportunity for prophylactic intervention, once the key underlying mechanisms are understood...
June 26, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942339/post-traumatic-stress-sensitive-epilepsy
#18
Maeike Zijlmans, Jolien S van Campen, Al de Weerd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920887/the-chronic-and-evolving-neurological-consequences-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
REVIEW
Lindsay Wilson, William Stewart, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Lindsay Horton, David K Menon, Suzanne Polinder
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have lifelong and dynamic effects on health and wellbeing. Research on the long-term consequences emphasises that, for many patients, TBI should be conceptualised as a chronic health condition. Evidence suggests that functional outcomes after TBI can show improvement or deterioration up to two decades after injury, and rates of all-cause mortality remain elevated for many years. Furthermore, TBI represents a risk factor for a variety of neurological illnesses, including epilepsy, stroke, and neurodegenerative disease...
October 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919762/risk-of-post-traumatic-epilepsy-after-severe-head-injury-in-patients-with-at-least-one-seizure
#20
Wei Chen, Ming-De Li, Gui-Fang Wang, Xia-Feng Yang, Lin Liu, Fan-Gang Meng
BACKGROUND: To explore the incidence and risk factors, including type of seizures for post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective follow-up study of patients discharged from Liaocheng People's Hospital between March 2011 and June 2015 with a diagnosis of post-traumatic seizures. Risk factors for PTE were evaluated in 68 inpatients by using Kaplan-Meier curves and the Cox model. RESULTS: Complete clinical information was available for 68 patients...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
keyword
keyword
68054
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"