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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147953/impact-of-perfluorochemicals-on-human-health-and-reproduction-a-male-s-perspective
#1
REVIEW
C Foresta, S Tescari, A Di Nisio
Perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) are a class of organic molecules used in industry and consumer products. PFCs are non-biodegradable and bioaccumulate in the environment and for these reasons they have been a major subject of research regarding their toxicity, environmental fate, and sources of human exposure, since they have been shown to induce severe health consequences, such as neonatal mortality, neurotoxicity and immunotoxicity. The aim of this review is to explore the existing knowledge of the interplay between PFCs exposure and human health, with a focus on male reproductive health, given the emerging gender differences in PFCs clearance and their interaction with sex hormones receptors...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146203/responses-of-reef-building-corals-to-microplastic-exposure
#2
Jessica Reichert, Johannes Schellenberg, Patrick Schubert, Thomas Wilke
Pollution of marine environments with microplastic particles (i.e. plastic fragments <5 mm) has increased rapidly during the last decades. As these particles are mainly of terrestrial origin, coastal ecosystems such as coral reefs are particularly threatened. Recent studies revealed that microplastic ingestion can have adverse effects on marine invertebrates. However, little is known about its effects on small-polyp stony corals that are the main framework builders in coral reefs. The goal of this study is to characterise how different coral species I) respond to microplastic particles and whether the exposure might II) lead to health effects...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138300/high-zika-virus-seroprevalence-in-salvador-northeastern-brazil-limits-the-potential-for-further-outbreaks
#3
Eduardo Martins Netto, Andres Moreira-Soto, Celia Pedroso, Christoph Höser, Sebastian Funk, Adam J Kucharski, Alexandra Rockstroh, Beate M Kümmerer, Gilmara Souza Sampaio, Estela Luz, Sara Nunes Vaz, Juarez Pereira Dias, Fernanda Anjos Bastos, Renata Cabral, Thomas Kistemann, Sebastian Ulbert, Xavier de Lamballerie, Thomas Jaenisch, Oliver J Brady, Christian Drosten, Manoel Sarno, Carlos Brites, Jan Felix Drexler
During 2015 to 2016, Brazil reported more Zika virus (ZIKV) cases than any other country, yet population exposure remains unknown. Serological studies of ZIKV are hampered by cross-reactive immune responses against heterologous viruses. We conducted serosurveys for ZIKV, dengue virus (DENV), and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in 633 individuals prospectively sampled during 2015 to 2016, including microcephaly and non-microcephaly pregnancies, HIV-infected patients, tuberculosis patients, and university staff in Salvador in northeastern Brazil using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) and plaque reduction neutralization tests...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135075/the-role-of-body-mind-and-environment-in-preterm-birth-mind-the-gap
#4
REVIEW
Shelby Yamamoto, Shahirose Premji
Preterm birth continues to be a problem affecting low-, middle-, and high-income countries, with rates increasing in some areas despite ongoing efforts to reduce the incidence. This emphasizes the need for more effective interventions, particularly if we aim to achieve the broad health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. The current focus on medically-oriented interventions such as reducing nonmedically-indicated induction of labor, cesarean birth, and multiple embryo transfers associated with assisted reproductive technologies, as well as the application of cervical cerclage and use of progesterone therapy, though important, are likely only partial solutions to the complex phenomenon of preterm birth...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129123/opinions-of-nurses-regarding-conscientious-objection
#5
Rafael Toro-Flores, Pilar Bravo-Agüi, María Victoria Catalán-Gómez, Marisa González-Hernando, María Jesús Guijarro-Cenisergue, Margarita Moreno-Vázquez, Isabel Roch-Hamelin, Tamara Raquel Velasco-Sanz
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, there have been important developments in the scientific and technological areas of healthcare. On certain occasions this provokes conflict between the patients' rights and the values of healthcare professionals which brings about, within this clinical relationship, the problem of conscientious objection. AIMS: To learn the opinions that the Nurses of the Madrid Autonomous Community have regarding conscientious objection. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-cutting descriptive study...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123913/sex-hormone-status-in-women-with-chronic-kidney-disease-survey-of-nephrologists-and-renal-allied-health-care-providers-perceptions
#6
Sharanya Ramesh, Matthew T James, Jayna M Holroyd-Leduc, Stephen B Wilton, Ellen W Seely, David C Wheeler, Sofia B Ahmed
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in reproductive-age women is accompanied by menstrual and fertility disorders and premature menopause. Objective: We sought to determine nephrologists' and allied health care providers' perceptions on management of sex hormone status in women with CKD. Methods: An anonymous, Internet-based survey was sent to nephrology society members from Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom, and the Canadian Association of Nephrology Nurses and Technologists (February-November 2015)...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121792/are-you-covered-associations-between-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act-knowledge-and-preventive-reproductive-service-use
#7
Ashlee N Sawyer, Melissa A Kwitowski, Eric G Benotsch
PURPOSE: Sexual and reproductive health conditions (eg, infections, cancers) represent public health concerns for American women. The present study examined how knowledge of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) relates to receipt of preventive reproductive health services among women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: Online questionnaires were completed via Amazon Mechanical Turk, a crowdsourcing website where individuals complete web-based tasks for compensation...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120310/preconception-health-interventions-delivered-in-public-health-and-community-settings-a-systematic-review
#8
Hilary K Brown, Melissa Mueller, Sarah Edwards, Catriona Mill, Joanne Enders, Lisa Graves, Deanna Telner, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effects of preconception health interventions, delivered to individuals of reproductive age in public health and community settings, on reproductive, maternal, and child health outcomes. METHODS: A search of Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsychINFO, Scopus, Gender Studies Database, and SocINDEX from July 1999 through July 2016 was performed. We included studies that reported original data, used an interventional study design, included reproductive-aged women or men, were written in English, and were published in peer-reviewed journals...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120059/source-and-sink-mechanisms-of-nitrogen-transport-and-use
#9
REVIEW
Mechthild Tegeder, Céline Masclaux-Daubresse
Contents I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. References SUMMARY: Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plant growth. World-wide, large quantities of nitrogenous fertilizer are applied to ensure maximum crop productivity. However, nitrogen fertilizer application is expensive and negatively affects the environment, and subsequently human health. A strategy to address this problem is the development of crops that are efficient in acquiring and using nitrogen and that can achieve high seed yields with reduced nitrogen input...
November 9, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119090/evaluation-of-antibiotic-usage-in-swine-reproduction-farms-in-umbria-region-based-on-the-quantitative-analysis-of-antimicrobial-consumption
#10
Fausto Scoppetta, Marco Sensi, Maria Pia Franciosini, Marinella Capuccella
Antibiotic use in food-producing animals has considerable impact on public health, especially with respect to the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. Pigs represent one of the main species in which antibiotics are frequently used for different purposes. Surveillance of antibiotic consumption and dose appropriateness, through novel approaches based on defined daily doses, is strongly needed to assess farms' antibiotic risk, in terms of spread of antibiotic resistance and possibile presence of residues in meat...
August 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117756/long-term-postpartum-effect-of-severe-maternal-morbidity-on-sexual-function
#11
Mohd Noor Norhayati, Mohd Azman Yacob
There was limited knowledge on the sexual function in women who have survived severe obstetric complications. The aim of this study was to compare the level of sexual functioning among women with and without severe morbidity at six months postpartum and to identify the factors associated with sexual function scores of women. A prospective double-cohort study design was applied at two tertiary hospitals over a six-month period. Postpartum women with and without severe maternal morbidity were selected as the exposed and the non-exposed group, respectively...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113437/men-s-reproductive-health-knowledge-in-mankweng-district-limpopo-province
#12
Richard M Rasesemola, Tendani S Ramukumba, Majapi Masala-Chokwe, Zerish Z Nkosi
BACKGROUND: Gender roles influence men's attitudes towards reproductive health, and society might assume that reproductive health issues, fertility and family planning are women's responsibilities. Moreover, literature shows that men have insufficient knowledge about reproductive health matters and some misconceptions about modern contraceptive practices. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe reproductive health knowledge of men in Mankweng District and was conducted in 2015...
October 19, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111958/the-effects-of-a-community-based-intervention-on-women-s-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-safe-abortion-in-intervention-and-comparison-towns-in-oromia-ethiopia
#13
Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Sally Dijkerman, Tamara Fetters, Dereje Wondimu, Demeke Desta
BACKGROUND: The aim of this post-intervention assessment was to measure the effects of community intervention on the knowledge and attitudes of women regarding safe abortion in Ethiopia. METHODS: In 2014, following implementation of an educational intervention on sexual and reproductive health from December 2012 to December 2013, 800 women were interviewed about their knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding abortion. Multivariate regression analyses of respondents' demographics, sources of abortion information, knowledge and attitudes about safe abortion were conducted...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111579/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-zika-virus-among-reproductive-aged-women-after-public-announcement-of-local-mosquito-borne-transmission
#14
Christine L Curry, Colette Tse, Victoria Billero, Leah Hellerstein, Marisa Messore, Lydia Fein
AIM: This study was conducted to ascertain the knowledge and perceptions of the Zika virus among reproductive-aged women living in the first affected area of the United States with local mosquito-borne transmission. METHODS: Reproductive-aged women were surveyed during the four weeks immediately following the announcement of local Zika virus transmission. The survey evaluated the participant's knowledge of Zika pathogenesis and transmission, sequelae of infection, epidemiology and public health information...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111290/-transgenerational-impact-of-chemotherapy-would-the-father-exposure-impact-the-health-of-future-progeny
#15
A Tremblay, H Beaud, G Delbès
The number of cancer survivors is increasing and their quality of life is becoming a major public health issue. Cancer treatments reduce men's reproductive health by targeting spermatogenesis. Ultimately, DNA, chromatin and the epigenome of spermatozoa can be altered in cancer survivors. Knowing whether the history of cancer and the treatments received can have consequences on the health of their offspring is therefore a fundamental question for these patients. This review gathers the experimental and epidemiological evidences of the effects observed on the direct descendants and on several generations, and draws up the state of knowledge on the mechanisms potentially involved...
October 27, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109856/knowledge-and-quality-of-adolescents-reproductive-health-communication-between-parents-and-their-adolescents-children-in-ibadan-nigeria
#16
Musibau A Titiloye, Ademola J Ajuwon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102554/structural-intervention-with-school-nurses-increases-receipt-of-sexual-health-care-among-male-high-school-students
#17
Patricia J Dittus, Christopher R Harper, Jeffrey S Becasen, Robin A Donatello, Kathleen A Ethier
PURPOSE: Adolescent males are less likely to receive health care and have lower levels of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge than adolescent females. The purpose of this study was to determine if a school-based structural intervention focused on school nurses increases receipt of condoms and SRH information among male students. METHODS: Interventions to improve student access to sexual and reproductive health care were implemented in six urban high schools with a matched set of comparison schools...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082207/a-strengths-weaknesses-opportunities-threats-swot-analysis-on-the-clinical-utility-of-sperm-dna-fragmentation-testing-in-specific-male-infertility-scenarios
#18
Sandro C Esteves, Ashok Agarwal, Chak-Lam Cho, Ahmad Majzoub
BACKGROUND: Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) is recognized as a leading cause of male infertility because it can impair the paternal genome through distinct pathophysiological mechanisms. Current evidence supports SDF as a major factor in the pathophysiology of several conditions, including varicocele, unexplained infertility, assisted reproductive technology failure, and environmental lifestyle factors, although the mechanisms involved have not been fully described yet. Measurement of the levels of DNA fragmentation in semen provides valuable information on the integrity of paternal chromatin and may guide therapeutic strategies...
September 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072229/predictors-of-male-condom-utilization-in-plateau-state-nigeria
#19
M P Chingle, P A Odunze, A Mohammed, T T Bitto, O Y Sodipo, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Nigerian men play major roles in the reproductive decision-making process, including issues concerning fertility. Despite efforts made by the government to reduce the incidence of HIV by using condom as a means of dual protection, the utilization of male condom is still relatively low in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the condom utilization and predictors of condom use among male respondents in Plateau State. METHODOLOGY: An analysis of secondary data of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey dataset was done...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070906/family-personal-and-social-factors-associated-with-the-non-use-of-contraceptive-methods-during-the-first-sexual-experience-in-adolescent-women
#20
Carlos F Vázquez-Rodríguez, Francisco Vazquez-Nava, Eliza M Vazquez-Rodriguez, Octelina Castillo-Ruiz, Jorge B Vargas Correa, Nancy V Ortega Betancourt
Unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in adolescents continue to be major health problems around the world. They are associated with sex that occurs without contraceptive protection. We determined the relationship of family, personal, and social factors with the non-use of any contraceptive method during the first sexual experience in 1409 adolescent women. The most significant risk factors were being less than 15 years of age and lacking knowledge and awareness about contraceptive methods...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
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