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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645254/comparing-self-and-provider-collected-swabbing-for-hpv-dna-testing-in-female-to-male-transgender-adult-patients-a-mixed-methods-biobehavioral-study-protocol
#1
Sari L Reisner, Madeline B Deutsch, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Timothy Cavanaugh, Dana J Pardee, Sarah McLean, Elliot J Marrow, Matthew J Mimiaga, Lori Panther, Marcy Gelman, Jamison Green, Jennifer Potter
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer, nearly all cases of which are caused by one of several high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (hr-HPV), leads to significant morbidity and mortality in individuals with a cervix. Trans masculine (TM) individuals were born with female reproductive organs and identify as male, man, transgender man, or another diverse gender identity different from their female assigned sex at birth. Routine preventive sexual health screening of TM patients is recommended, including screening for cervical cancer and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs); however, as many as one in three TM patients are not up-to-date per recommended U...
June 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639335/a-systematic-review-on-identifying-risk-factors-associated-with-early-sexual-debut-and-coerced-sex-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-communities
#2
REVIEW
Regina Lai Tong Lee, Alice Yuen Loke, Tsz Man Tommy Hung, Howard Sobel
AIM: To review literature on identifying the risk factors associated with early sexual coerced debut with the aim to facilitate the health care workers' planning of relevant health services to improve intervention strategies for delaying of early coerced sexual debut or forced sexual debut (CSD/FSD) in the communities. BACKGROUND: Identifying the risk factors associated with coercion at first sex is crucial for developing appropriate sexual and reproductive health information and health promotion in response...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637500/association-of-antenatal-care-and-place-of-delivery-with-newborn-care-practices-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-uttar-pradesh-india
#3
Niveditha Devasenapathy, Sutapa B Neogi, Srinivasan Soundararajan, Danish Ahmad, Avishek Hazra, Jaleel Ahmad, Neelakshi Mann, Dileep Mavalankar
BACKGROUND: Appropriate immediate newborn care is vital for neonatal survival. Antenatal period is a crucial time to impart knowledge and awareness to mothers regarding newborn care, either during facility visits or during home visits by community health workers (CHWs) especially in the rural context. In this paper, we report newborn care practices in rural Uttar Pradesh (UP) and have explored association between newborn care practices with antenatal care, contact with community health workers during pregnancy and place of childbirth...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629256/managing-menopause-in-women-living-with-hiv-a-survey-of-primary-care-practitioners
#4
Mimie Chirwa, Richard Ma, Cristina Guallar, Shema Tariq
Objective One in three women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the UK is aged 45-56, and therefore of potentially menopausal age. Little is known about the management of menopause in WLHIV in primary care. We aim to describe current knowledge and practice in the management of menopause in WLWH among primary care practitioners (PCPs). Methods A questionnaire-based study of 88 PCPs attending two sexual and reproductive health conferences. Results Almost all respondents (n = 87, 99%) routinely managed women with menopause-related symptoms; however, only 18 (20%) reported having managed menopause in WLHIV...
January 1, 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626358/psychosocial-correlates-of-patient-provider-family-planning-discussions-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-south-africa
#5
Violeta J Rodriguez, Ryan R Cook, Stephen M Weiss, Karl Peltzer, Deborah L Jones
Patient-provider family planning discussions and preconception counseling can reduce maternal and neonatal risks by increasing adherence to provider recommendations and antiretroviral medication. However, HIV-infected women may not discuss reproductive intentions with providers due to anticipation of negative reactions and stigma. This study aimed to identify correlates of patient-provider family planning discussions among HIV-infected women in rural South Africa, an area with high rates of antenatal HIV and suboptimal rates of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV...
2017: Open Access J Contracept
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625115/do-nonclinical-community-based-youth-serving-professionals-talk-with-young-men-about-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-intend-to-refer-them-for-care
#6
Arik V Marcell, Susannah E Gibbs, Shalynn R Howard, Nanlesta A Pilgrim, Jacky M Jennings, Renata Sanders, Kathleen R Page, Penny S Loosier, Patricia J Dittus
Young men (ages 15-24) may benefit from community-based connections to care since many have sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs and low care use. This study describes nonclinical community-based youth-serving professionals' (YSPs) SRH knowledge, confidence, past behaviors, and future intentions to talk with young men about SRH and refer them to care, and examines factors associated with care referral intentions. YSPs ( n = 158) from 22 settings in one mid-Atlantic city answered questions about the study's goal, their demographics and work environment from August 2014 to December 2015...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621553/attitudes-toward-comparative-effectiveness-research-and-patient-engagement-among-reproductive-health-clinicians
#7
Julia Kohn, Zoe Unger, Jennifer Dolatshahi, Hannah Simons, Alison Rein
AIM: To assess reproductive health clinicians' knowledge of and attitudes toward comparative effectiveness research (CER), patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) and patient engagement in research. MATERIALS & METHODS: Web-based survey of reproductive health clinicians. RESULTS: Among 103 responding clinicians, familiarity with CER and PCOR was moderate (35 and 44%, respectively). Once definitions were provided, most respondents agreed with the potential positive impacts of CER and patient engagement (65-87%), the importance of PCOR (95-99%) and that their patients might be interested in engaging in research as more than subjects (93%)...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620774/-in-my-culture-we-don-t-know-anything-about-that-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#8
Christine Metusela, Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Alexandra Hawkey, Marina Morrow, Renu Narchal, Jane Estoesta, Melissa Monteiro
PURPOSE: Migrant and refugee women are at risk of negative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes due to low utilisation of SRH services. SRH is shaped by socio-cultural factors which can act as barriers to knowledge and influence access to healthcare. Research is needed to examine constructions and experiences of SRH in non-English-speaking migrant and refugee women, across a range of cultural groups. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the constructions and experiences of SRH among recent migrant and refugee women living in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617971/risk-factors-that-influence-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-portuguese-university-students
#9
M J Santos, E Ferreira, J Duarte, M Ferreira
BACKGROUND: University students have unprotected sex and associate alcohol and/or drugs with sexual practices. These behaviours are risk factors for influencing sexual and reproductive health that can be targeted by nursing interventions. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the risk and protective factors influencing sexual and reproductive risk-taking behaviours in university students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional and correlational study in a sample of 1946 students...
June 15, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#10
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608816/mechanisms-of-adaptive-immunity-to-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus
#11
REVIEW
Michael C Rahe, Michael P Murtaugh
The adaptive immune response is necessary for the development of protective immunity against infectious diseases. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), a genetically heterogeneous and rapidly evolving RNA virus, is the most burdensome pathogen of swine health and wellbeing worldwide. Viral infection induces antigen-specific immunity that ultimately clears the infection. However, the resulting immune memory, induced by virulent or attenuated vaccine viruses, is inconsistently protective against diverse viral strains...
June 13, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607906/implementation-of-cycletel-family-advice-an-sms-based-service-to-provide-family-planning-and-fertility-awareness-information-in-india
#12
Nicki Ashcroft, Victoria Shelus, Himanshu Garg, Courtney McLarnon-Silk, Victoria H Jennings
BACKGROUND: CycleTel Family Advice (CFA), an SMS-based service designed to improve knowledge of fertility and family planning (FP), was delivered to over 100,000 people in India from April to August 2015. The goal of CFA was to increase knowledge on a range of reproductive health topics, e.g., the menstrual cycle, fertility, and FP, and to increase positive perceptions and use of FP. This paper focuses on the best practices and operational challenges for providing an SMS service based on the implementation experience of CFA...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606153/pregnancy-risk-during-menstrual-cycle-misconceptions-among-urban-men-in-india
#13
Prashant Verma, Kaushalendra Kumar Singh, Anjali Singh
BACKGROUND: In India, where men take most decisions in the family, it is useful that they have adequate knowledge about pregnancy risks during women's menstrual cycles. Since traditional contraceptive methods are still employed by a large population in India, the knowledge regarding the pregnancy risk during the menstrual cycle is indispensable. This research paper attempts to assess the knowledge among urban men in Uttar Pradesh, India about the fertile window of the menstrual cycle; it also attempts to discover the rationales behind the misconceptions about the concept...
June 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594642/ce-health-and-the-human-microbiome-a-primer-for-nurses
#14
Katie Gresia McElroy, Seon-Yoon Chung, Mary Regan
What findings about the GI and vaginal microbiota mean for patient care. ABSTRACT: The profound impact of the human microbiome on health makes it imperative that nurses understand the basic structures and functions of the various microbial communities. In studying the human microbiome, advances in DNA and RNA sequencing technology offer benefits over traditional culturebased methods. Such technology has permitted more thorough investigations of microbial communities, particularly those of the gastrointestinal (GI) and female reproductive tracts...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578176/research-standardization-tools-pregnancy-measures-in-the-phenx-toolkit
#15
Ann Kinga Malinowski, Cande V Ananth, Patrick Catalano, Erin P Hines, Russell S Kirby, Mark A Klebanoff, John J Mulvihill, Hyagriv Simhan, Carol M Hamilton, Tabitha P Hendershot, Michael J Phillips, Lisa A Kilpatrick, Deborah R Maiese, Erin M Ramos, Rosalind J Wright, Siobhan M Dolan
Only through concerted and well-executed research endeavors can we gain the requisite knowledge to advance pregnancy care and have a positive impact on maternal and newborn health. Yet the heterogeneity inherent in individual studies limits our ability to compare and synthesize study results, thus impeding the capacity to draw meaningful conclusions that can be trusted to inform clinical care. The PhenX Toolkit (http://www.phenxtoolkit.org), supported since 2007 by the National Institutes of Health, is a web-based catalog of standardized protocols for measuring phenotypes and exposures relevant for clinical research...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576142/factors-influencing-reproductive-choices-of-hiv-positive-individuals-attending-primary-health-care-facilities-in-a-south-african-health-district
#16
Samuel Agbo, Laetitia C Rispel
BACKGROUND: There is global recognition of the reproductive health rights of people living with HIV (PLHIV). The aim of this research study was to explore the reproductive choices, and the factors influencing these choices, of HIV positive patients attending primary health care (PHC) facilities in the Ekurhuleni health district of the Gauteng Province of South Africa. METHODS: During 2013, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in the Ekurhuleni health district...
June 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562743/reproductive-aspects-and-knowledge-of-family-planning-among-women-with-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#17
Ivana Cristina Vieira de Lima, Maria da Conceição Dos Santos Oliveira Cunha, Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reproductive aspects and knowledge of family planning among women with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). METHOD: Cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out from January to December, 2015, in the outpatient care of infectious disease unit in a hospital located in Fortaleza, Ceará. Data were collected through a form applied by interview in a private setting. RESULTS: 102 women participated in the study...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558861/animal-board-invited-review-comparing-conventional-and-organic-livestock-production-systems-on-different-aspects-of-sustainability
#18
C P A van Wagenberg, Y de Haas, H Hogeveen, M M van Krimpen, M P M Meuwissen, C E van Middelaar, T B Rodenburg
To sustainably contribute to food security of a growing and richer world population, livestock production systems are challenged to increase production levels while reducing environmental impact, being economically viable, and socially responsible. Knowledge about the sustainability performance of current livestock production systems may help to formulate strategies for future systems. Our study provides a systematic overview of differences between conventional and organic livestock production systems on a broad range of sustainability aspects and animal species available in peer-reviewed literature...
May 31, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558671/prevalence-and-determinants-of-unintended-pregnancies-amongst-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-pakistan
#19
Muhammad Atif Habib, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Sidrah Nausheen, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Muhammad Sajid, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancies are a global public health concern and contribute significantly to adverse maternal and neonatal health, social and economic outcomes and increase the risks of maternal deaths and neonatal mortality. In countries like Pakistan where data for the unintended pregnancies is scarce, studies are required to estimate its accurate prevalence and predictors using more specific tools such as the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancies (LMUP). METHODS: We conducted a hospital based cross sectional survey in two tertiary care hospitals in Pakistan...
May 30, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544019/let-s-talk-period-preliminary-results-of-an-online-bleeding-awareness-knowledge-translation-project-and-bleeding-assessment-tool-promoted-on-social-media
#20
E Reynen, J Grabell, A K Ellis, P James
INTRODUCTION: Undiagnosed bleeding disorders are common and can pose significant health risks, especially for women. Recently, a self-administered bleeding assessment tool (Self-BAT) was validated in von Willebrand disease. AIM: To increase awareness of undiagnosed bleeding disorders through the use of an informational website (http://letstalkperiod.ca) targeted at women in their reproductive years. METHODS: The Let's Talk Period website was built in consultation with a medical communications company and focus groups of women, with the aim of clearly presenting key messages around menstrual bleeding...
May 24, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
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