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knowledge of reproductive health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727833/refugee-and-migrant-women-s-engagement-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-in-australia-a-socio-ecological-analysis-of-health-care-professional-perspectives
#1
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
BACKGROUND: In Australia only 2.2% of published health research has focused on multi-cultural health despite the increase of culturally and linguistically diverse populations. Research on the perceptions and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs) in engaging with refugee and migrant women is also lacking. Given the integral role of HCPs in providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care for these populations, an understanding of the challenges they experience is required...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723993/healthcare-and-development-a-dialog-with-the-thinking-of-celso-furtado
#2
Laís Silveira Costa, Ligia Bahia, Patrícia Seixas da Costa Braga
Understanding that conditions of health are dependent on more general nationwide factors relating to the level of development means admitting that 'sectorization' of health service is something that tends to limit the formation of knowledge. It also points to the importance of investigating the relationship between health and development, including issues about the processes that feed the persistence of the polarization between modernization and exclusion which has been a history of Brazil's contemporary development...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721836/assisted-reproductive-technologies-a-hierarchy-of-risks-for-conception-pregnancy-outcomes-and-treatment-decisions
#3
M J Davies, A R Rumbold, V M Moore
The use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) for the treatment of infertility has grown exponentially over the last 20 years, and now accounts for 4% of all births in Australia, and over 1 m births annually around the globe. There is consistent reporting of increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes and birth defects following infertility treatment. However, change in practice has been stymied by critical knowledge gaps with regards to (a) the relative contribution of patient and treatment factors to adverse outcomes, (b) the independent contribution of specific contemporary treatments and treatment combinations to outcomes, (c) the impact of innovations in laboratory and clinical practice on treatment success and observed risk and (d) changes over time in patient characteristics...
August 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721183/infertility-in-the-global-south-raising-awareness-and-generating-insights-for-policy-and-practice
#4
T Gerrits, F Van Rooij, T Esho, W Ndegwa, J Goossens, A Bilajbegovic, A Jansen, B Kioko, L Koppen, S Kemunto Migiro, S Mwenda, H Bos
Infertility is a highly prevalent reproductive health condition in the global South, which often has a devastating impact on the people concerned. Yet, thus far it hardly received any attention from policy makers, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) or donors working in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). For this reason we have set up a project to increase knowledge and awareness about infertility and childlessness among those stakeholders and organizations and to generate insight into (possible) interventions in this field...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719635/differential-protein-expression-profile-in-the-hypothalamic-gt1-7-cell-line-after-exposure-to-anabolic-androgenic-steroids
#5
Freddyson J Martínez-Rivera, Juliana Pérez-Laspiur, María E Santiago-Gascot, Abner G Alemán-Reyes, Emanuel García-Santiago, Yolanda Rodríguez-Pérez, Cristhian Calo-Guadalupe, Inelia Otero-Pagán, Roxsana N Ayala-Pagán, Magdiel Martínez, Yisel M Cantres-Rosario, Loyda M Meléndez, Jennifer L Barreto-Estrada
The abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has been considered a major public health problem during decades. Supraphysiological doses of AAS may lead to a variety of neuroendocrine problems. Precisely, the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis is one of the body systems that is mainly influenced by steroidal hormones. Fluctuations of the hormonal milieu result in alterations of reproductive function, which are made through changes in hypothalamic neurons expressing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715243/deficits-in-young-men-s-knowledge-about-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#6
Melina Bersamin, Deborah A Fisher, Arik V Marcell, Laura J Finan
OBJECTIVE: The The current study aimed to examine (1) gender differences in college students' knowledge of sexual and reproductive health care (K-SRHC) service access points, and (2) the relationship between demographic and psychosocial factors and college students' overall K-SRHC service access points. METHODS AND PARTICIPANTS: Self-report online surveys were administered to 18- and 19-year-old college students from a northern California public university (N = 183; 39...
July 17, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705166/looking-back-and-moving-forward-can-we-accelerate-progress-on-adolescent-pregnancy-in-the-americas
#7
Sonja Caffe, Marina Plesons, Alma Virginia Camacho, Luisa Brumana, Shelly N Abdool, Silvia Huaynoca, Katherine Mayall, Lindsay Menard-Freeman, Luis Andres de Francisco Serpa, Rodolfo Gomez Ponce de Leon, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
Adolescent fertility rates in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) remain unacceptably high, especially compared to the region's declining total fertility rates. The Region has experienced the slowest progress of all regions in the world, and shows major differences between countries and between subgroups in countries. In 2013, LAC was also noted as the only region with a rising trend in pregnancies in adolescents younger than 15 years. In response to the lack of progress in the LAC region, PAHO/WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF held a technical consultation with global, regional and country-level stakeholders to take stock of the situation and agree on strategic approaches and priority actions to accelerate progress...
July 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699495/dietary-phytochemicals-and-endrocrine-related-activities-an-update
#8
Antonella Smeriglio, Marcella Denaro, Domenico Trombetta
Phytochemicals are non-nutrient bioactive compounds that occur in plant and food which possess the capacity to modulate one or more metabolic processes or pathways in the body, resulting to health benefits and promotion of well-being. At this regard, the interest of the scientific community continues to grow, powered by progressive research efforts to identify properties and potential applications of bioactive substances, and coupled with public interest and consumer demand. However, the natural derivation of these compounds is not a feature of harmlessness, over that of therapeutic efficacy, to which is also added the absence of post-marketing monitoring that does not allow to evaluate the occurrence of adverse effects related to the use of their related products...
July 11, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689340/the-grocery-store-food-environment-in-northern-greenland-and-its-implications-for-the-health-of-reproductive-age-women
#9
Zoe A Watson, Carmen Byker Shanks, Mary P Miles, Elizabeth Rink
The population of Greenland is diminishing and environmental and social shifts implicate food availability and the health of reproductive age women. There is little knowledge of the grocery store food environment in Greenland. To address this gap and provide baseline information the present study measured food availability in five grocery stores in northern Greenland. As well, 15 interviews were conducted with reproductive age women, three grocery store managers were interviewed and one interview was conducted with a food distribution manager...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682221/factors-related-to-unwanted-pregnancies-and-abortion-in-the-northern-district-of-the-city-of-tehran-iran
#10
Masoumeh Mirzamoradi, Masoumeh Saleh, Marzieyeh Jamali, Mahmood Bakhtiyari, Parichehr Pooransari, Soraya Saleh Gargari
The aim of this study was to investigate the levels and determinants of unwanted pregnancies and therapeutic and elective induced abortions in an Iranian sample of women. This study was conducted from the beginning of 2013 to the end of July 2013, using data from 950 women aged 15-45 years. To evaluate the relationship of independent variables to the number of unwanted pregnancies, a negative binomial regression model was used. A multinomial logistic model was used to investigate the relationship of the history of at least one unwanted pregnancy to therapeutic and elective induced abortion...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681668/towards-an-understanding-of-the-multilevel-factors-associated-with-maternal-health-care-utilization-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#11
Sanjeev Sridharan, Arnab Dey, Aparna Seth, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Kultar Singh, Katherine Hay, Rachael Gibson
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the multilevel factors associated with maternal health utilization in India's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh. 3 key utilization practices: registration of pregnancy, receipt of antenatal care, and delivery at home are examined for district and individual level predictors. The data is based on 5666 household surveys conducted as part of a baseline evaluation of the Uttar Pradesh Technical Support Unit (UPTSU.) program. OBJECTIVES: This intervention aims to assist the Government of Uttar Pradesh in increasing the efficiency, effectiveness, and equity of service delivery across a continuum of reproductive, maternal, new-born, child, and adolescent health (RMNCH+A) outcomes...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673342/knowledge-and-provision-of-misoprostol-among-pharmacy-workers-in-senegal-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kate Reiss, Katharine Footman, Eva Burke, Nafissatou Diop, Ramatoulaye Ndao, Babacar Mane, Maaike van Min, Thoai D Ngo
BACKGROUND: Making misoprostol widely available for management of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and post abortion care (PAC) is essential for reducing maternal mortality. Private pharmacies (thereafter called "pharmacies") are integral in supplying medications to the general public in Senegal. In the case of misoprostol, pharmacies are also the main supplier to public providers and therefore have a key role in increasing its availability. This study seeks to understand knowledge and provision of misoprostol among pharmacy workers in Dakar, Senegal...
July 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671987/knowledge-of-prevention-cause-symptom-and-practices-of-malaria-among-women-in-burkina-faso
#13
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio, Ogochukwu Udenigwe
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a major public health issue in most southern African countries as the disease remains hyper endemic. Burkina Faso continues to face challenges in the treatment of malaria, as the utilization of preventive measures remains low on a national scale. While it has been acknowledged that understanding women's health-seeking behaviours, perception of malaria and its preventive measures will aid in the control of malaria, there is paucity of information on Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices among women in the reproductive age of 15-49 years in Burkina Faso...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666302/-motherhood-at-the-age-of-35-and-over-the-risk-of-advanced-maternal-age-as-perceived-by-women-a-literature-study
#14
Karin Niessen, Therese Werner-Bierwisch, Sabine Metzing, Friederike Zu Sayn-Wittgenstein
Background Delaying motherhood is an ongoing trend in industrialized countries worldwide. The higher the mother´s age, the greater the risks for fertility, pregnancy, childbearing, and for the newborn. The psychosocial situation of women who are conscious of pregnancy risks is thus negatively affected. This paper aims to answer the question as to how women experience the risks of age. Methodology An systematic search of the international literature was carried out between December 2015 and March 2016, using the electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Sowiport, as well as a manual search...
June 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662700/risk-of-unsafe-abortion-associated-with-long-term-contraception-behaviour-a-case-control-study-from-sri-lanka
#15
Carukshi Arambepola, Lalini C Rajapaksa
BACKGROUND: When faced with an unintended pregnancy, some women choose to undergo an unsafe abortion, while others do not. This choice may depend on long-term contraception that shapes the fertility goals of women, along with many other risk factors. We assessed the risk for unsafe abortion associated with contraceptive practices based on women's long-term behaviour, and its likely modification by the use of different types of contraceptives among women in Sri Lanka. METHODS: An unmatched case-control study was conducted in nine hospitals among 171 women admitted for care following an unsafe abortion (Cases) and 600 women admitted to same hospitals for delivery of an unintended term pregnancy (Controls)...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655683/integration-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-into-maternal-health-services-in-senegal
#16
C Cisse
The objective of this study was to assess the level of integration of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) in facilities providing services for maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) and reproductive health (RH) in Senegal. The survey, conducted from August through November, 2014, comprised five parts : a literature review to assess the place of this integration in the health policies, standards, and protocols in effect in Senegal; an analysis by direct observation of attitudes and practices of 25 healthcare providers at 5 randomly-selected obstetrics and gynecology departments representative of different levels of the health pyramid; a questionnaire evaluating knowledge and attitudes of 10 providers about the integration of PMTCT services into MNCH/RH facilities; interviews to collect the opinions of 70 clients, including 16 HIV-positive, about the quality of PMTCT services they received; and a questionnaire evaluating knowledge and opinions of 14 policy-makers/managers of health programs focusing on mothers and children about this integration...
June 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653265/what-s-religion-got-to-do-with-it-exploring-college-students-sexual-and-reproductive-health-knowledge-and-awareness-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-in-relation-to-their-gender-and-religiosity
#17
Nancy Martin, Lori Baralt, Claire Garrido-Ortega
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge and awareness of campus SRH services among college students on a racially and ethnically diverse college campus. The sample included 996 undergraduate students at a large public university in California. For women, there was a consistent pattern across religious affiliations of more frequent attenders reporting lower SRH knowledge than less frequent attenders. These findings suggest that higher rates of religious attendance among Catholic, Protestant, and Evangelical women pose a risk for lower SRH knowledge...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645254/comparing-self-and-provider-collected-swabbing-for-hpv-dna-testing-in-female-to-male-transgender-adult-patients-a-mixed-methods-biobehavioral-study-protocol
#18
Sari L Reisner, Madeline B Deutsch, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Timothy Cavanaugh, Dana J Pardee, Sarah McLean, Elliot J Marrow, Matthew J Mimiaga, Lori Panther, Marcy Gelman, Jamison Green, Jennifer Potter
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer, nearly all cases of which are caused by one of several high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (hr-HPV), leads to significant morbidity and mortality in individuals with a cervix. Trans masculine (TM) individuals were born with female reproductive organs and identify as male, man, transgender man, or another diverse gender identity different from their female assigned sex at birth. Routine preventive sexual health screening of TM patients is recommended, including screening for cervical cancer and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs); however, as many as one in three TM patients are not up-to-date per recommended U...
June 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639335/a-systematic-review-on-identifying-risk-factors-associated-with-early-sexual-debut-and-coerced-sex-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-communities
#19
REVIEW
Regina Lai Tong Lee, Alice Yuen Loke, Tsz Man Tommy Hung, Howard Sobel
AIM: To review literature on identifying the risk factors associated with early sexual coerced debut with the aim to facilitate the health care workers' planning of relevant health services to improve intervention strategies for delaying of early coerced sexual debut or forced sexual debut (CSD/FSD) in the communities. BACKGROUND: Identifying the risk factors associated with coercion at first sex is crucial for developing appropriate sexual and reproductive health information and health promotion in response...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637500/association-of-antenatal-care-and-place-of-delivery-with-newborn-care-practices-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-uttar-pradesh-india
#20
Niveditha Devasenapathy, Sutapa B Neogi, Srinivasan Soundararajan, Danish Ahmad, Avishek Hazra, Jaleel Ahmad, Neelakshi Mann, Dileep Mavalankar
BACKGROUND: Appropriate immediate newborn care is vital for neonatal survival. Antenatal period is a crucial time to impart knowledge and awareness to mothers regarding newborn care, either during facility visits or during home visits by community health workers (CHWs) especially in the rural context. In this paper, we report newborn care practices in rural Uttar Pradesh (UP) and have explored association between newborn care practices with antenatal care, contact with community health workers during pregnancy and place of childbirth...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
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