keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

knowledge of reproductive health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346437/tissue-specific-transcriptome-analyses-provide-new-insights-into-gpcr-signalling-in-adult-schistosoma-mansoni
#1
REVIEW
Steffen Hahnel, Nic Wheeler, Zhigang Lu, Arporn Wangwiwatsin, Paul McVeigh, Aaron Maule, Matthew Berriman, Timothy Day, Paula Ribeiro, Christoph G Grevelding
Schistosomes are blood-dwelling trematodes with global impact on human and animal health. Because medical treatment is currently based on a single drug, praziquantel, there is urgent need for the development of alternative control strategies. The Schistosoma mansoni genome project provides a platform to study and connect the genetic repertoire of schistosomes to specific biological functions essential for successful parasitism. G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) form the largest superfamily of transmembrane receptors throughout the Eumetazoan phyla, including platyhelminths...
January 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335364/experimental-manipulation-of-telomere-length-does-it-reveal-a-corner-stone-role-for-telomerase-in-the-natural-variability-of-individual-fitness
#2
REVIEW
F Criscuolo, S Smith, S Zahn, B J Heidinger, M F Haussmann
Telomeres, the non-coding ends of linear chromosomes, are thought to be an important mechanism of individual variability in performance. Research suggests that longer telomeres are indicative of better health and increased fitness; however, many of these data are correlational and whether these effects are causal are poorly understood. Experimental tests are emerging in medical and laboratory-based studies, but these types of experiments are rare in natural populations, which precludes conclusions at an evolutionary level...
March 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317380/effectiveness-and-appropriateness-of-mhealth-interventions-for-maternal-and-child-health-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Huan Chen, Yanling Chai, Le Dong, Wenyi Niu, Puhong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The application of mobile health (mHealth) technology in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) is increasing worldwide. However, best practice and the most effective mHealth interventions have not been reviewed systematically. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of mHealth interventions for RMNCH around the world were conducted to investigate their characteristics as well as the features and effectiveness of mHealth interventions...
January 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317356/comparative-proteomics-of-the-larval-and-adult-stages-of-the-model-cestode-parasite-mesocestoides-corti
#4
Jeferson Camargo de Lima, Karina Mariante Monteiro, Tatiana Noel Basika Cabrera, Gabriela Prado Paludo, Hercules Moura, John R Barr, Arnaldo Zaha, Henrique Bunselmeyer Ferreira
Mesocestoides corti is a widely used model for the study of cestode biology, and its transition from the larval tetrathyridium (TT) stage to the strobilated, adult worm (ST) stage can be induced and followed in vitro. Here, a proteomic approach was used to describe and compare M. corti TT and ST protein repertories. Overall, 571 proteins were identified, 238 proteins in TT samples and 333 proteins in ST samples. Among the identified proteins, 207 proteins were shared by TTs and STs, while 157 were stage-specific, being 31 exclusive from TTs, and 126 from STs...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304829/muslim-women-s-use-of-contraception-in-the-united-states
#5
Henna Budhwani, Jami Anderson, Kristine R Hearld
BACKGROUND: American Muslim women are an understudied population; thus, significant knowledge gaps exist related to their most basic health behaviors and indicators. Considering this, we examined American Muslim women's contraception utilization patterns. METHODS: Self-reported data collected in late 2015 were analyzed. Women who identified as Muslim, were at least 18 years old, sexually active, and current residents of the United States (n = 224) met the inclusion criteria...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302548/a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-on-menstrual-hygiene-and-perceived-reproductive-morbidity-among-adolescent-girls-in-a-union-territory-india
#6
Prakash Mathiyalagen, Birundhanjali Peramasamy, Kavita Vasudevan, Mausumi Basu, Johnson Cherian, Buvaneshwari Sundar
Introduction: Menstruation is a milestone event in a girl's life and the beginning of reproductive life. Lack of knowledge and poor sanitary practices during menstruation has been associated with serious ill-health ranging from genital tract infections, urinary tract infections, and bad odor. Aim: This study aims to explore the knowledge, attitude, and practices about menstrual hygiene and perceived reproductive morbidity among adolescent school girls in Puducherry...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302527/introducing-gender-equity-to-adolescent-school-children-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Saba Syed
Background: Over the past decade, gender equality and women's empowerment have been explicitly recognized as key not only to the health of nations but also to social and economic development. The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of a mixed methods' participatory group education approach to introduce gender equity to adolescent school children. It also assessed baseline and postintervention knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding gender equity, sexual and reproductive health among adolescent students in government-aided schools, and finally, compare the pre- and post-intervention gender equitable (GE) attitudes among the study participants...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298358/women-s-reproductive-health-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-relation-to-the-zika-virus-outbreak-in-northeast-brazil
#8
Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Caroline Moreau, Anne Burke, Osmara Alves Dos Santos, Christiane Borges Chofakian
OBJECTIVES: To assess knowledge, pregnancy attitudes and contraceptive practices in relation to the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil. METHODS: We interviewed 526 women 18 to 49 years old in primary health services in a Northeastern capital of Brazil, in 2016. They provided information about their knowledge of Zika transmission and health consequences, their receipt of counseling related to sexual and perinatal transmission of Zika, their pregnancy intentions and reassessment of contraceptive options in the context of the Zika virus outbreak...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297800/auditory-evoked-potentials-and-behavioral-considerations-with-hearing-loss-in-small-cetaceans-application-as-a-standard-diagnostic-test-in-health-assessment
#9
Megan M Strobel, Dorian S Houser, Kathleen T Moore, Michelle R Davis, Patricia L Clough, Lydia A Staggs, Holli C Eskelinen, Robin J Bates, Michael T Walsh
The primary sense in odontocetes is hearing and a large portion of the odontocete brain is devoted to the auditory processing of echolocation signals. Hearing deficits in odontocetes potentially compromise the ability to forage, navigate, socialize, and evade predators. This presents a challenge to survival and reproduction in wild odontocetes and can affect the general welfare of odontocetes under human care. Currently, little empirical information on how odontocete behavior is affected by hearing loss exists...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290149/body-mapping-to-explore-reproductive-ethno-physiological-beliefs-and-knowledge-of-contraception-in-timor-leste
#10
Heather Julie Wallace, Susan McDonald, Suzanne Belton, Agueda Isolina Miranda, Eurico da Costa, Livio da Conceicao Matos, Helen Henderson, Angela Taft
Maternal mortality remains a significant public health challenge for Timor-Leste. Although access to quality family planning measures may greatly reduce such deaths, consideration of indigenous perceptions, and how they influence reproductive health decision-making and behavior, is crucial if health services are to provide initiatives that are accepted and helpful in improving reproductive health outcomes. We aimed to demonstrate that body mapping is an effective method to traverse language and culture to gain emic insights and indigenous worldviews...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289969/health-problems-in-females-carriers-of-premutation-in-the-fmr1-gene
#11
REVIEW
Małgorzata Zofia Lisik
Premutation in the FMR1 gene occur in the general population with an estimated prevalence 1 in 130-260 females and 1 in 250-810 males. Carriers of premutation are at risk of development of spectrum of neurological, psychiatric and immunological disorders in adulthood. Fragile X-associated disease caused by dynamic mutation (expansion of CGG repeats) can be divided into three disorders: FXS - Fragile X syndrome, FXPOI - Fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency, FXTAS -Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome, which can be present in few generations of one family...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289811/causes-and-consequences-of-teen-childbearing-evidence-from-a-reproductive-health-intervention-in-south-africa
#12
Nicola Branson, Tanya Byker
We use a natural experiment to estimate the causal impact of a public health intervention aimed at reducing teenage childbearing. The geographic and timing variation in the rollout of the South African National Adolescent Friendly Clinic Initiative (NAFCI) in the early 2000s provides a plausibly exogenous increase in reproductive health knowledge and clinical access for teens. We investigate the causal pathway from the intervention's initial impact on early-teen childbearing to subsequent consequences for later-life outcomes of prime policy interest - education, employment and child health...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289779/screening-of-organic-pollutants-in-pet-hair-samples-and-the-significance-of-environmental-factors
#13
Xiana González-Gómez, Noelia Cambeiro-Pérez, Elena Martínez-Carballo, Jesús Simal-Gándara
Organic pollutants (OPs) represent a wide range of chemicals that are potentially harmful for human and wildlife health. Many of these pollutants have been identified as endocrine disruptors that can alter hormonal balance producing adverse biological effects such as neurotoxicity, reproductive disorders, carcinogenicity and hepatotoxicity. For years, hair has been selected as a non-invasive source to assess levels of animal contamination. In the present study, a multiclass screening method for determining about 60 organic pollutants in pet hair was designed and validated for qualitative and quantitative purposes...
December 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284505/factors-related-to-healthy-sexual-and-contraceptive-behaviors-in-undergraduate-students-at-university-of-seville-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Fátima Leon-Larios, Juana Macías-Seda
BACKGROUND: Young people are a group of population with sexual risk-taking behaviors. Despite efforts to inform them it is common for them to adopt risk conducts during their stay at University. The aim of this research was to assess knowledge, attitudes and experiences on sexual health and contraceptives and factors related to risk behaviors in university students. METHODS: A cross- sectional analytical study was carried out from February to April 2014 among undergraduate students at University of Seville...
December 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284250/serological-prevalence-of-coxiella-burnetii-in-dairy-goats-and-ewes-diagnosed-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-greece
#15
George Filioussis, Alexandros Theodoridis, Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Athanasios I Gelasakis, Sotiria Vouraki, George Bramis, Georgios Arsenos
INTRODUCTION: <i>Coxiella burnetii</i> is an obligatory intracellular bacterial pathogen causing the zoonotic disease Q fever. The most common reservoirs of <i>C. burnetii</i> are wild mammals, birds and ticks. Pregnant domestic ruminants infected with this bacterium are also a major source of human infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The serological prevalence of <i>C. burnetii</i> in goats and sheep diagnosed with adverse pregnancy outcomes was assessed by undertaking a survey on 800 dairy goats and 800 dairy ewes reared in four different regions of Greece (Macedonia, Thrace, Thessaly, and Peloponnese)...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250030/cytokines-in-male-fertility-and-reproductive-pathologies-immunoregulation-and-beyond
#16
REVIEW
Kate L Loveland, Britta Klein, Dana Pueschl, Sivanjah Indumathy, Martin Bergmann, Bruce E Loveland, Mark P Hedger, Hans-Christian Schuppe
Germline development in vivo is dependent on the environment formed by somatic cells and the differentiation cues they provide; hence, the impact of local factors is highly relevant to the production of sperm. Knowledge of how somatic and germline cells interact is central to achieving biomedical goals relating to restoring, preserving or restricting fertility in humans. This review discusses the growing understanding of how cytokines contribute to testicular function and maintenance of male reproductive health, and to the pathologies associated with their abnormal activity in this organ...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249717/education-and-reproductive-autonomy-the-case-of-married-nigerian-women
#17
Chitu Womehoma Princewill, Eva De Clercq, Anita Riecher-Rössler, Ayodele Samuel Jegede, Tenzin Wangmo, Bernice Simone Elger
In this article, we examine the influence of education on the exercise of married women's reproductive autonomy. We carried out 34 in-depth interviews (IDIs) with purposively sampled married Ikwerre women in Rivers State, Nigeria. The participants were between the ages of 22 and 60, had different educational backgrounds, and were in monogamous and polygynous marriages. Data were analyzed using MAXQDA 11 software. We found that although formal education enhanced women's ability to exercise reproductive autonomy, the culture of demanding absolute respect for men remains a major barrier...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244625/the-role-of-oxytocin-and-vasopressin-in-attachment
#18
C Sue Carter
Selective relationships and attachments are central to human health and well-being, both in current societies and during the course of evolution. The presence or absence of social bonds has consequences across the lifespan. The neurobiology of attachment is grounded in neuroendocrine substrates that are shared with reproduction and survival. Experimental studies of species, such as sheep or prairie voles, capable of showing selective social behaviors toward offspring or partners, have provided empirical evidence for the role of oxytocin and vasopressin in the formation of selective attachments...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241602/the-incidence-of-abortion-and-unintended-pregnancy-in-india-2015
#19
Susheela Singh, Chander Shekhar, Rajib Acharya, Ann M Moore, Melissa Stillman, Manas R Pradhan, Jennifer J Frost, Harihar Sahoo, Manoj Alagarajan, Rubina Hussain, Aparna Sundaram, Michael Vlassoff, Shveta Kalyanwala, Alyssa Browne
BACKGROUND: Reliable information on the incidence of induced abortion in India is lacking. Official statistics and national surveys provide incomplete coverage. Since the early 2000s, medication abortion has become increasingly available, improving the way women obtain abortions. The aim of this study was to estimate the national incidence of abortion and unintended pregnancy for 2015. METHODS: National abortion incidence was estimated through three separate components: abortions (medication and surgical) in facilities (including private sector, public sector, and non-governmental organisations [NGOs]); medication abortions outside facilities; and abortions outside of facilities and with methods other than medication abortion...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237303/indigenous-m%C3%A4-ori-sexual-health-psychologies-in-new-zealand-delivering-culturally-congruent-sexuality-education
#20
Jade Le Grice, Virginia Braun
Indigenous (Māori) psychologies of sexual health occur at the cultural nexus of Indigenous and Western knowledge, colonising influence and intervention. Formal school-based sexuality education holds potential to intervene in this psychological space by decolonising notions of Māori sexuality, relationships and reproduction. This research utilises an Indigenous feminist (Mana Wāhine) methodology and interviews with 43 Māori participants (26 women and 17 men). We explore how Māori knowledges (mātauranga Māori), responsive to the surrounding colonising context, were interwoven through four themes: relationships, reproductive responsibility, open conversations about sexuality and contraceptive education...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
keyword
keyword
68051
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"