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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527372/dreams-deferred-contextualizing-the-health-and-psychosocial-needs-of-undocumented-asian-and-pacific-islander-young-adults-in-northern-california
#1
May Sudhinaraset, Irving Ling, Tu My To, Jason Melo, Thu Quach
There are currently 1.5 million undocumented Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in the US. Undocumented API young adults, in particular, come of age in a challenging political and social climate, but little is known about their health outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the psychosocial needs and health status of API undocumented young adults. Guided by social capital theory, this qualitative study describes the social context of API undocumented young adults (ages 18-31), including community and government perceptions, and how social relationships influence health...
May 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#2
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#3
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521837/prevalence-and-predictors-of-implanon-utilization-among-women-of-reproductive-age-group-in-tigray-region-northern-ethiopia
#4
Desta Gebre-Egziabher, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Mussie Alemayehu, Fisaha Haile Tesfay
BACKGROUND: The Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health introduced provision of the contraceptive Implanon at community level by trained health extension workers in 2009. However, little is known regarding the utilization and factors associated with Implanon use among rural women since the introduction of the community based intervention. Thus, this study assessed the utilization of Implanon and associated factors among reproductive aged women in rural areas of Saesie-Tsaeda Emba and Ofla districts in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511413/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-sex-education-among-school-going-adolescents-in-ambala-district-haryana-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Randhir Kumar, Anmol Goyal, Parmal Singh, Anu Bhardwaj, Anshu Mittal, Sachin Singh Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a highly dynamic period characterised by rapid growth and development. Adolescents have limited knowledge about sexual and reproduction health, and know little about the natural processes of puberty, sexual health, pregnancy or reproduction. Sex education should be an integral part of the learning process beginning in childhood and continuing into adult life, because it is lifelong process. AIM: This study was carried out to identify the knowledge and attitude of imparting sex education in school going adolescents in rural and urban area of Ambala district...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501964/consensus-statement-supporting-safer-conception-and-pregnancy-for-men-and-women-living-with-and-affected-by-hiv
#6
Lynn T Matthews, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Ian Cooke, Natasha Davies, Renee Heffron, Angela Kaida, John Kinuthia, Okeoma Mmeje, Augusto E Semprini, Shannon Weber
Safer conception interventions reduce HIV incidence while supporting the reproductive goals of people living with or affected by HIV. We developed a consensus statement to address demand, summarize science, identify information gaps, outline research and policy priorities, and advocate for safer conception services. This statement emerged from a process incorporating consultation from meetings, literature, and key stakeholders. Three co-authors developed an outline which was discussed and modified with co-authors, working group members, and additional clinical, policy, and community experts in safer conception, HIV, and fertility...
May 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499224/interspecies-comparison-of-selected-pollution-biomarkers-in-dreissenid-spp-inhabiting-pristine-and-moderately-polluted-sites
#7
A Farkas, A Ács, Á Vehovszky, H Falfusynska, O Stoliar, A Specziár, J Győri
Stress biomarkers, which can outline impacts of contaminants in aquatic biota at the biochemical level, are increasingly used as early warning tools in environmental monitoring. Reliable biomarker based assessment schemes, however, request appropriate knowledge of baseline levels of selected endpoints, and the potential influence of a range of natural influencing factors (both abiotic and biotic) as well. In this study, we examined the interspecies variability of various biomarkers (metallothioneins (MT), ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity (EROD), lipid peroxidation (LPO), DNA strand breaks (DNA_sb), vitellogenin-like proteins (Vtg)) in Dreissena polymorpha and Dreissena bugensis inhabiting either pristine- or moderately impacted sites of Lake Balaton (Hungary)...
May 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494770/exploring-linkages-between-research-policy-and-practice-in-the-netherlands-perspectives-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-knowledge-flows
#8
Billie de Haas, Anke van der Kwaak
BACKGROUND: The attention to and demand for stronger linkages between research, policy and practice are increasing, especially in fields concerned with sensitive and challenging issues such as sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The study described in this article was conducted in the Netherlands among actors working in international development, especially the domain of SRHR. It explores the perceived flow of knowledge between research, policy and practice, the perceived impeding factors, and suggested strategies for improvement...
May 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490359/cryopreservation-of-reproductive-material-before-cancer-treatment-a-qualitative-study-of-health-care-professionals-views-about-ways-to-enhance-clinical-care
#9
Karin Hammarberg, Maggie Kirkman, Catharyn Stern, Robert I McLachlan, Debra Gook, Luk Rombauts, Beverley Vollenhoven, Jane R W Fisher
BACKGROUND: Cancer treatment can diminish fertility in women and men. The need for fertility preservation is growing as increasing numbers of people survive cancer. Cryostorage of reproductive material to preserve potential for conception for cancer survivors has moved from being experimental to being a part of clinical management of women and men who are diagnosed with cancer in their reproductive years. There is little existing evidence about how fertility preservation services can be enhanced to meet the complex needs of patients who are diagnosed with cancer in their reproductive years...
May 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485220/menstrual-hygiene-management-among-adolescent-girls-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Derrick Ssewanyana, Byron Kiiza Yafesi Bitanihirwe
Menstruation is a delicate physiological process through which a shedding of uterine lining occurs each month in females of reproductive age. Often considered a taboo subject, menstruation is seldom openly discussed in developing parts of the world. This article explores menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in sub-Saharan Africa and emphasizes the urgent and neglected need for feasible solutions, especially among adolescent girls. Optimizing menstrual hygiene interventions will require an integration of both knowledge and skill training gained through education on MHM alongside an improvement of access to girl-friendly water, sanitation and hygiene facilities in addition to access to low-cost hygienic sanitary products...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482320/legal-rights-to-safe-abortion-knowledge-and-attitude-of-women-in-north-west-ethiopia-toward-the-current-ethiopian-abortion-law
#11
R Muzeyen, M Ayichiluhm, T Manyazewal
OBJECTIVE: To assess women's knowledge and attitude toward Ethiopian current abortion law. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative, community-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Women of reproductive age in three selected lower districts in Bahir Dar, North-West Ethiopia, were included. Multi-stage simple random sampling and simple random sampling were used to select the districts and respondents, respectively. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire comprising questions related to knowledge and attitude toward legal status of abortion and cases where abortion is currently allowed by law in Ethiopia...
May 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481294/queen-quality-and-the-impact-of-honey-bee-diseases-on-queen-health-potential-for-interactions-between-two-major-threats-to-colony-health
#12
REVIEW
Esmaeil Amiri, Micheline K Strand, Olav Rueppell, David R Tarpy
Western honey bees, Apis mellifera, live in highly eusocial colonies that are each typically headed by a single queen. The queen is the sole reproductive female in a healthy colony, and because long-term colony survival depends on her ability to produce a large number of offspring, queen health is essential for colony success. Honey bees have recently been experiencing considerable declines in colony health. Among a number of biotic and abiotic factors known to impact colony health, disease and queen failure are repeatedly reported as important factors underlying colony losses...
May 8, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471260/exploring-men-s-pregnancy-planning-behaviour-and-fertility-knowledge-a-survey-among-fathers-in-sweden
#13
Maja Bodin, Lisa Käll, Tanja Tydén, Jenny Stern, Jennifer Drevin, Margareta Larsson
INTRODUCTION: Research about pregnancy-planning behaviour mostly focuses on women, even though pregnancy planning usually also concerns men. The purpose of this study was to investigate how men plan for family, and to measure their fertility knowledge after having become fathers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected in 2014 as part of a Swedish longitudinal pregnancy-planning study. Men were recruited through their female partner one year after childbirth. Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire about pregnancy planning, lifestyles, and fertility...
May 4, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463030/use-of-cyproterone-acetate-ethinylestradiol-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-rationale-and-practical-aspects
#14
X Ruan, A Kubba, A Aguilar, A O Mueck
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, heterogeneous disorder characterised by hyperandrogenic skin symptoms, irregular menstruation and subfertility, increased risk of endometrial malignancy, and increased risk of preventable diseases associated with metabolic syndrome. Cyproterone acetate (CPA) 2 mg, combined with ethinylestradiol (EE) 35 μg, is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe acne related to androgen-sensitivity (with or without seborrhea) and/or hirsutism, in women of reproductive age...
May 2, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459869/health-rights-knowledge-among-medical-school-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#15
Samia M Al-Amoudi, Abdullah A Al-Harbi, Nasser Y Al-Sayegh, Basem S Eldeek, Souzan M Kafy, Mahmoud S Al-Ahwal, Nabeel S Bondagji
BACKGROUND: Health care is a basic human right, and Saudi Arabia affirms these rights for all its citizens. OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge of medical students regarding health rights in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) from September 2015 through November 2015. A questionnaire written in English collected demographic data and included questions about reproductive health care and health rights of women and patients with cancer, senility, or special needs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454704/the-normal-vaginal-and-uterine-bacterial-microbiome-in-giant-pandas-ailuropoda-melanoleuca
#16
Xin Yang, Guangyang Cheng, Caiwu Li, Jiang Yang, Jianan Li, Danyu Chen, Wencheng Zou, SenYan Jin, Hemin Zhang, Desheng Li, Yongguo He, Chengdong Wang, Min Wang, Hongning Wang
While the health effects of the colonization of the reproductive tracts of mammals by bacterial communities are widely known, there is a dearth of knowledge specifically in relation to giant panda microbiomes. In order to investigate the vaginal and uterine bacterial diversity of healthy giant pandas, we used high-throughput sequence analysis of portions of the 16S rRNA gene, based on samples taken from the vaginas (GPV group) and uteri (GPU group) of these animals. Results showed that the four most abundant phyla, which contained in excess of 98% of the total sequences, were Proteobacteria (59...
June 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452160/microrna-regulation-of-immune-events-at-conception
#17
REVIEW
S A Robertson, B Zhang, H Y Chan, D J Sharkey, S C Barry, T Fullston, J E Schjenken
The reproductive tract environment at conception programs the developmental trajectory of the embryo, sets the course of pregnancy, and impacts offspring phenotype and health. Despite the fundamental importance of this stage of reproduction, the rate-limiting regulatory mechanisms operating locally to control fertility and fecundity are incompletely understood. Emerging studies highlight roles for microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating reproductive and developmental processes and in modulating the quality and strength of the female immune response...
April 27, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451561/postnatal-care-levels-and-determinants-in-morocco
#18
Noureddine Elkhoudri, Abdellatif Baali, Hakima Amor
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of the postnatal consultation, in Morocco, only 22% of women attended these consultations. The aim of this study was to identify associated factors with these consultations and offer suggestions to improve their use. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2014 in Marrakech. A sample of women in reproductive age (15-49 yr) giving birth during 2013 year was enrolled. They were examined in the public health centers for postnatal consultation or for the BCG...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451048/sexual-and-reproductive-health-knowledge-and-behavior-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zambia-a-case-study
#19
Therese Ntigwa Ndongmo, Clement Bertin Ndongmo, Charles Michelo
INTRODUCTION: As HIV infected adolescents mature into adulthood, they are confronted with issues related to sexuality and sexual reproductive health (SRH). An estimated 68,000 adolescents aged 10-19 years are living with HIV in Zambia. The current study explores their sexuality and SRH experience and needs. METHODS: This was a mixed method analytical cross-sectional study. Adolescents at a tertiary hospital were surveyed on their sexuality and SRH experiences. Bivariate analyses on SPSS were used to assess factors associated with selected behaviors...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450750/environmental-influences-on-ovarian-dysgenesis-developmental-windows-sensitive-to-chemical-exposures
#20
REVIEW
Hanna Katarina Lilith Johansson, Terje Svingen, Paul A Fowler, Anne Marie Vinggaard, Julie Boberg
A woman's reproductive health and ability to have children directly affect numerous aspects of her life, from personal well-being and socioeconomic standing, to morbidity and lifespan. In turn, reproductive health depends on the development of correctly functioning ovaries, a process that starts early during fetal life. Early disruption to ovarian programming can have long-lasting consequences, potentially manifesting as disease much later in adulthood. A growing body of evidence suggests that exposure to chemicals early in life, including endocrine-disrupting chemicals, can cause a range of disorders later in life, such as those described in the ovarian dysgenesis syndrome hypothesis...
April 28, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
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