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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441327/exclusive-breastfeeding-practice-and-its-association-among-mothers-of-under-5-children-in-kwango-district-dr-congo
#1
Sarita Dhakal, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
The benefit of the breastfeeding has been well-established. In comparison to partial breast feeding, exclusive breastfeeding has even more benefits. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with breastfeeding exclusivity during the first 6 months of life in order to better target public health interventions in this community towards healthier infant nutrition and address child mortality in this population. A cross-sectional survey among 1145 random households was conducted in the Kwango district of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during 2 November 2015 to 13 November 2015...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439783/dourine-a-neglected-disease-of-equids
#2
REVIEW
Yonas Gizaw, Mulisa Megersa, Teka Fayera
Dourine is a venereal transmitted trypanosomosis causing a major health problem threatening equines worldwide. The origin and identification of Trypanosoma equiperdum within the subgenus Trypanozoon is still a subject of debate. Unlike other trypanosomal infections, dourine is transmitted almost exclusively by coitus. Diagnosis of dourine has continued to be a challenge, due to limited knowledge about the parasite and host-parasite interaction following infection. The pathological lesions caused by the diseases are poorly described and are observed mainly in the reproductive organs, in the nervous system, and on the skin...
April 24, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435785/impact-of-a-brief-intervention-on-cervical-health-literacy-a-waitlist-control-study-with-jailed-women
#3
Megha Ramaswamy, Jaehoon Lee, Joi Wickliffe, Molly Allison, Amanda Emerson, Patricia J Kelly
Jailed women are four-five times more likely to have had cervical cancer compared to women without criminal justice histories. Previous research has shown that an important contributor to cervical cancer risk, and perhaps lack of follow-up, is incarcerated women's low health literacy about broader reproductive health issues. Little work has been done to address this disparity. Thus, the objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of an intervention to improve incarcerated women's cervical health literacy and ultimately address cervical cancer disparities...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434134/pregnancy-outcomes-following-in-utero-exposure-to-lamotrigine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Gali Pariente, Tom Leibson, Talya Shulman, Thomasin Adams-Webber, Eran Barzilay, Irena Nulman
INTRODUCTION: Lamotrigine is used in pregnancy to control epilepsy and mood disorders. The reproductive safety of this widely used drug remains undefined and may represent a significant public health concern. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing knowledge related to malformation rates and maternal-neonatal outcomes after in utero exposure to monotherapy with lamotrigine. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified through systematic searches conducted in MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), CENTRAL (Ovid), and Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) from database inception to July 2016; no language or date restrictions were applied...
April 22, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431764/seasonal-monitoring-of-blue-mussel-mytilus-spp-populations-in-a-harbor-area-a-focus-on-responses-to-environmental-factors-and-chronic-contamination
#5
C Lacroix, E Duvieilbourg, N Guillou, J Guyomarch, C Bassoulet, D Moraga, G Chapalain, M Auffret
Coastal waters corresponding to macrotidal systems are among the most variable marine biotopes. Sessile animals as bivalve mollusks may however be found forming intertidal beds at high densities, as allowed by full adaptation to local conditions. A better knowledge of adaptive responses to environmental factors is required to foresee possible adverse effects of global change. At the sub-cellular level, transcriptional responses are among the earliest signals of environmental disturbances and they can reveal subtle and meaningful changes in organism exposed to stress...
April 12, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425174/costs-and-benefits-of-sub-lethal-drosophila-c-virus-infection
#6
Vanika Gupta, Charlotte Stewart, Samuel S C Rund, Katy Monteith, Pedro F Vale
Viruses are major evolutionary drivers of insect immune systems. Much of our knowledge of insect immune responses derives from experimental infections using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Most experiments, however, employ lethal pathogen doses through septic injury, frequently overwhelming host physiology. While this approach has revealed several immune mechanisms, it is less informative about the fitness costs hosts may experience during infection in the wild. Using both systemic and oral infection routes we find that even apparently benign, sub-lethal infections with the horizontally transmitted Drosophila C Virus (DCV) can cause significant physiological and behavioral morbidity that is relevant for host fitness...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420494/molecular-regulation-and-role-of-angiogenesis-in-reproduction
#7
REVIEW
Momchil Rizov, Petya Andreeva, Ivanka Dimova
Angiogenesis is an essential process for proper functioning of the female reproductive system and for successful pregnancy realization. The multitude of factors required for physiological angiogenesis and the complexity of regulation of their temporal-spatial activities contribute to aberrations in human fertilization and pregnancy outcomes. In this study, we reviewed the current knowledge of the temporal expression patterns, functions, and regulatory mechanisms of angiogenic factors during foliculogenesis, early implantation/placentation and embryo development, as well as recurrent spontaneous abortions...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415149/integrating-teamstepps-%C3%A2-into-ambulatory-reproductive-health-care-early-successes-and-lessons-learned
#8
Maureen E Paul, Laura E Dodge, Evelyn Intondi, Guzey Ozcelik, Ken Plitt, Michele R Hacker
BACKGROUND: Most medical teamwork improvement interventions have occurred in hospitals, and more efforts are needed to integrate them into ambulatory care settings. In 2014, Affiliates Risk Management Services, Inc. (ARMS), the risk management services organization for a large network of reproductive health care organizations in the United States, launched a voluntary 5-year initiative to implement a medical teamwork system in this network using the TeamSTEPPS model. This article describes the ARMS initiative and progress made during the first 2 years, including lessons learned...
April 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407863/reproductive-characteristics-of-female-white-tailed-deer-odocoileus-virginianus-in-the-midwestern-usa
#9
Michelle L Green, Amy C Kelly, Damian Satterthwaite-Phillips, Mary Beth Manjerovic, Paul Shelton, Jan Novakofski, Nohra Mateus-Pinilla
Knowledge of reproductive characteristics of wild populations is necessary to inform responsible management decisions that promote herd health. As management, goals, and free-ranging populations change over time and landscapes, updated knowledge of reproductive characteristics are needed to inform responsible management practices. We estimated reproductive characteristics of female white-tailed deer in Illinois, including pregnancy rate, litter size, fetal growth and fetal sex ratio. We found maternal age to have an important influence on several reproductive factors...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399928/australian-children-living-with-rare-diseases-experiences-of-diagnosis-and-perceived-consequences-of-diagnostic-delays
#10
Yvonne Zurynski, Marie Deverell, Troy Dalkeith, Sandra Johnson, John Christodoulou, Helen Leonard, Elizabeth J Elliott
BACKGROUND: Children and families living with rare disease often experience significant health, psychosocial, economic burdens and diagnostic delays. Experiences appear to be constant, regardless of the specific rare disease diagnosis. Systematically collected Australian data to support policy response on rare diseases are scarce. We address this gap by providing survey results about 462 children aged <19 years living with approximately 200 different rare diseases. RESULTS: Of 462 children, 96% were born in Australia, 55% were male, median age was 8...
April 11, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398523/transitions-in-pregnancy-planning-in-women-recruited-for-a-large-prospective-cohort-study
#11
U Luderer, T Li, J P Fine, R F Hamman, J B Stanford, D Baker
STUDY QUESTION: Do the rates at which women transition among different intensities of pregnancy planning vary with age, marital status and race/ethnicity? SUMMARY ANSWER: Rates of transition from low or moderate pregnancy probability groups (PPGs) to higher PPGs vary by age, marital status and race/ethnicity. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The design of prospective studies of the effects of pre- and peri-conception exposures on fecundity, pregnancy and children's health is challenging because at any specific time only a small percentage of reproductive age women is attempting to conceive...
April 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393334/-pelvic-health-healthcare-needs-from-medical-and-women-perspectives
#12
Ji-Yan Lyu, Lu-I Chang, Chuan-Hsiu Tsai
The pelvis, one of the most important cavities in the human body, is involved in human reproduction health. The pelvis changes in females with age and reproduction-related changes in hormones. Women generally lack sufficient knowledge regarding their pelvic-health needs and feel embarrassed to seek pelvic-health-related medical advice. Conversely, medical care related to women's health focuses mainly on maternal health and cancer prevention. When facing the challenges of pelvic floor dysfunction, surgical procedures are the most common treatment modality...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387572/changes-in-ideational-profiles-of-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-nigeria-the-role-of-health-communication
#13
Stella Babalola
Reproductive health indicators in Nigeria remain among the poorest in the world. Modern contraceptive prevalence rate has remained practically at the same level since 2003. Whereas contraceptive use is higher in urban compared with rural areas, the majority of urban women are not using a modern contraceptive method. Low contraceptive use in the country results from unfavorable ideational variables, including knowledge, values, beliefs, and norms. Ideational segmentation allows program planners to identify groups that are homogenous with respect to ideational variables and which have similar informational and skills strengthening needs...
March 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385911/risk-factors-associated-with-current-intimate-partner-violence-at-individual-and-relationship-levels-a-cross-sectional-study-among-married-rural-migrant-women-in-shanghai-china
#14
Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou
OBJECTIVE: To identify individual and relationship risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence (IPV) against married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Two subdistricts of one administrative district, Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 958 married rural migrant women of reproductive age were selected using a community-based two-stage cluster sampling method in April and May of 2010...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384937/attitude-of-reproductive-healthcare-providers-to-prenatal-diagnosis-in-a-low-resource-nigerian-setting
#15
Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Silas Alegu Nwali, Christopher Chim Amah, Theophilus Ogochukwu Nwankwo, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal diagnosis comprises all diagnostic modalities aimed at gaining information about the embryo or fetal wellbeing. It enables antenatal care tailored to the individual need(s) of the fetus. AIM: To determine the knowledge, practice and prospect of prenatal diagnosis among reproductive health care providers in Abakaliki, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which completely filled self-administered semi-structured questionnaires were retrieved from 182 reproductive healthcare providers at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (FETHA)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376779/factors-influencing-use-of-long-acting-versus-short-acting-contraceptive-methods-among-reproductive-age-women-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#16
Leevan Tibaijuka, Robert Odongo, Emma Welikhe, Wilber Mukisa, Lilian Kugonza, Imelda Busingye, Phelomena Nabukalu, Joseph Ngonzi, Stephen B Asiimwe, Francis Bajunirwe
BACKGROUND: Unplanned pregnancy remains a common problem in many resource-limited settings, mostly due to limited access to modern family planning (FP) services. In particular, use of the more effective long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods (i.e., intrauterine devices and hormonal implants) remains low compared to the short-acting methods (i.e., condoms, hormonal pills, injectable hormones, and spermicides). Among reproductive-age women attending FP and antenatal care clinics in Uganda, we assessed perceptions and practices regarding the use of modern contraceptive methods...
April 4, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375750/implementing-trauma-informed-partner-violence-assessment-in-family-planning-clinics
#17
Michele R Decker, Sarah Flessa, Ruchita V Pillai, Rebecca N Dick, Jamie Quam, Diana Cheng, Raegan McDonald-Mosley, Kamila A Alexander, Charvonne N Holliday, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and reproductive coercion (RC) are associated with poor reproductive health. Little is known about how family planning clinics implement brief IPV/RC assessment interventions in practice. We describe the uptake and impact of a brief, trauma-informed, universal IPV/RC assessment and education intervention. METHODS: Intervention implementation was evaluated via a mixed methods study among women ages 18 and up receiving care at one of two family planning clinics in greater Baltimore, MD...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373979/human-excretion-of-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-flame-retardants-blood-urine-and-sweat-study
#18
Shelagh K Genuis, Detlef Birkholz, Stephen J Genuis
Commonly used as flame retardants, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are routinely detected in the environment, animals, and humans. Although these persistent organic pollutants are increasingly recognized as having serious health implications, particularly for children, this is the first study, to our knowledge, to investigate an intervention for human elimination of bioaccumulated PBDEs. Objectives. To determine the efficacy of blood, urine, and perspiration as PBDE biomonitoring mediums; assess excretion of five common PBDE congeners (28, 47, 99, 100, and 153) in urine and perspiration; and explore the potential of induced sweating for decreasing bioaccumulated PBDEs...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367742/-the-child-can-remember-your-voice-parent-child-communication-about-sexuality-in-the-south-african-context
#19
Esmeralda Vilanculos, Mzikazi Nduna
There is a wealth of research on parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and its influence on young people's sexual behaviours. However, most of it is from the global North. The aim of this study was to explore parent-child communication in three South African provinces: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) and Mpumalanga. Nine, peer, focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with young and adult black African men and women in their spoken languages. Data were analysed thematically...
March 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367365/daily-rhythms-of-behavioral-and-hormonal-patterns-in-male-dromedary-camels-housed-in-boxes
#20
Lydiane Aubè, Meriem Fatnassi, Davide Monaco, Touhami Khorchani, Giovanni Michele Lacalandra, Mohamed Hammadi, Barbara Padalino
BACKGROUND: Daily rhythmicity has been observed for a number of hormonal and behavioral variables in mammals. It can be entrained by several external factors, such as light-dark cycle and scheduled feeding. In dromedary camels, daily rhythmicity has been documented only for melatonin secretion and body temperature. In this study, the daily rhythmicity of behavioral repertoire, cortisol and testosterone levels was investigated in captive male camels. METHODS: Six clinically healthy male dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) were used...
2017: PeerJ
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