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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350492/addressing-stillbirth-in-india-must-include-men
#1
Lisa Roberts, Susanne Montgomery, Gayatri Ganesh, Harinder Pal Kaur, Ratan Singh
BACKGROUND: Millennium Development Goal 4, to reduce child mortality, can only be achieved by reducing stillbirths globally. A confluence of medical and sociocultural factors contribute to the high stillbirth rates in India. The psychosocial aftermath of stillbirth is a well-documented public health problem, though less is known of the experience for men, particularly outside of the Western context. Therefore, men's perceptions and knowledge regarding reproductive health, as well as maternal-child health are important...
March 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344900/temporal-patterns-and-geographic-heterogeneity-of-zika-virus-zikv-outbreaks-in-french-polynesia-and-central-america
#2
Ying-Hen Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission has been reported in 67 countries/territories in the Oceania region and the Americas since 2015, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare ZIKV as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in February 2016, due to its strong association with medical complications such as microcephaly and Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS). However, a substantial gap in knowledge still exists regarding differing temporal pattern and potential of transmission of ZIKV in different regions of the world...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333354/men-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-relating-to-fertility
#3
Karin Hammarberg, Veronica Collins, Carol Holden, Kate Young, Robert McLachlan
BACKGROUND: The increasingly common practice in high-income countries to delay childbearing to the fourth and fifth decades of life increases the risk of involuntary childlessness or having fewer children than desired. Older age also increases the risk of age-related infertility, the need for ART to conceive, and obstetric and neonatal complications. Existing research relating to childbearing focusses almost exclusively on women, and in public discourse declining fertility rates are often assumed to be the result of women delaying childbearing to pursue other life goals such as a career and travel...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333238/clustering-of-pcos-like-traits-in-naturally-hyperandrogenic-female-rhesus-monkeys
#4
D H Abbott, B H Rayome, D A Dumesic, K C Lewis, A K Edwards, K Wallen, M E Wilson, S E Appt, J E Levine
STUDY QUESTION: Do naturally occurring, hyperandrogenic (≥1 SD of population mean testosterone, T) female rhesus monkeys exhibit traits typical of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Hyperandrogenic female monkeys exhibited significantly increased serum levels of androstenedione (A4), 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), estradiol (E2), LH, antimullerian hormone (AMH), cortisol, 11-deoxycortisol and corticosterone, as well as increased uterine endometrial thickness and evidence of reduced fertility, all traits associated with PCOS...
March 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329428/the-diagnosis-and-lived-experience-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-qualitative-study
#5
Julie Tomlinson, Jonathan Pinkney, Linda Adams, Elizabeth Stenhouse, Alison Bendall, Oonagh Corrigan, Gayle Letherby
AIMS: To explore the impact of the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome on health/ill health identity, how women experience this diagnosis and their health beliefs. BACKGROUND: polycystic ovary syndrome is a common and heterogeneous condition, giving rise to a wide range of different health concerns. Previous research on polycystic ovary syndrome has been dominated by the medical perspective and less is known about the experiences and needs of women. DESIGN: A qualitative study of 32 premenopausal adult women with polycystic ovary syndrome (diagnosis confirmed by Rotterdam criteria), aged between 18-45 years, recruited from a primary and secondary care setting...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322769/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-contraceptive-knowledge-among-women-veterans-in-the-ecuun-study
#6
Elian Rosenfeld, Lisa S Callegari, Florentina E Sileanu, Xinhua Zhao, E Bimla Schwarz, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether racial/ethnic disparities in contraceptive knowledge observed in the general US population are also seen among women Veterans served by the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from a national telephone survey of 2302 women Veterans aged 18-44 who had received care within VA in the prior 12months. Twenty survey items assessed women's knowledge about various contraceptive methods. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine racial/ethnic variation in contraceptive knowledge items, adjusting for age, marital status, education, income, parity, and branch of military service...
March 17, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302105/wife-beating-refusal-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-and-rural-ethiopia
#7
Eshetu Gurmu, Senait Endale
BACKGROUND: Wife beating is the most common and widespread form of intimate partner violence in Ethiopia. It results in countless severe health, socio-economic and psychological problems and has contributed to the violation of human rights including the liberty of women to enjoy conjugal life. The main purpose of this study is to assess the levels and patterns of wife beating refusal and its associated socio-cultural and demographic factors in rural and urban Ethiopia. METHODS: The 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data based on 11,097 and 5287 women in the reproductive age group (i...
March 16, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301696/toward-an-ethically-sensitive-implementation-of-noninvasive-prenatal-screening-in-the-global-context
#8
Jessica Mozersky, Vardit Ravitsky, Rayna Rapp, Marsha Michie, Subhashini Chandrasekharan, Megan Allyse
Noninvasive prenatal screening using cell-free DNA, which analyzes placental DNA circulating in maternal blood to provide information about fetal chromosomal disorders early in pregnancy and without risk to the fetus, has been hailed as a potential "paradigm shift" in prenatal genetic screening. Commercial provision of cell-free DNA screening has contributed to a rapid expansion of the tests included in the screening panels. The tests can include screening for sex chromosome anomalies, rare subchromosomal microdeletions and aneuploidies, and most recently, the entire fetal genome...
March 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#9
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292296/sexual-and-reproductive-health-experience-knowledge-and-problems-among-university-students-in-ambo-central-ethiopia
#10
Abenezer Yared, Zekariyas Sahile, Mulugeta Mekuria
BACKGROUND: Youths in universities are at high risk of STIs and SRH problems in Ethiopia. However, students did not perceive themselves at risk of STI/HIV infection though reports showed they were sexually active, had multiple sexual partners and reported symptoms of STIs. Having recognized the threat posed by SRH problems, this study aimed to assess the SRH experiences, knowledge, and problems among university students at Ambo University in Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ambo University main campus from January to February 2015 using mixed approach of quantitative (survey) and qualitative (in-depth interview) methods...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284227/the-association-between-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-and-maternal-human-papillomavirus-infection-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Joseph Niyibizi, Nadège Zanré, Marie-Hélène Mayrand, Helen Trottier
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent genital infection, especially in young women of reproductive age. In vitro and animal model experiments provide compelling evidence of the harmful effect of HPV on pregnancy outcomes, but results from epidemiologic studies are inconclusive. We aim to determine the strength of the relationship between adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO) and HPV infection and assess its consistency across studies, by systematically reviewing the literature...
March 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283672/the-role-of-notch-signaling-in-the-mammalian-ovary
#12
Dallas Vanorny, Kelly Mayo
The Notch pathway is a contact-dependent, or juxtacrine, signaling system that is conserved in metazoan organisms and is important in many developmental processes. Recent investigations have demonstrated that the Notch pathway is active in both the embryonic and postnatal ovary and plays important roles in events including follicle assembly and growth, meiotic maturation, ovarian vasculogenesis, and steroid hormone production. Ovarian pathologies resulting from disruption of the Notch pathway in mice affect meiotic spindle assembly, follicle histogenesis, granulosa cell proliferation and survival, corpora luteal function, and ovarian neovascularization...
March 10, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278022/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-female-genital-cutting-among-west-african-male-immigrants-in-new-york-city
#13
Adeyinka M Akinsulure-Smith, Tracy Chu
In this project, we explored knowledge and attitudes towards FGC in a survey of 107 West African immigrants, including 36 men. Men in this study were as knowledgeable about the health consequences of FGC as women, though with a less nuanced understanding. They also rejected the practice at rates comparable to women. Despite this knowledge and rejection of FGC, most men did not express a personal preference for women with or without FGC in intimate relationships. Future research and interventions must explore men's opposition to FGC and emphasize the impact of FGC on their partners' gynecological and reproductive health...
February 13, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277026/-it-means-everyone-should-know-their-status-exploring-lay-conceptions-of-sickle-cell-trait-and-sickle-cell-trait-screening-among-african-americans-within-middle-reproductive-age
#14
Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Priscilla A Barnes, Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Susan E Middlestadt, Hsien-Chang Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the meaning of sickle cell trait and sickle cell trait screening from the lay perspective of African Americans. DESIGN AND METHODS: African Americans (N = 300), ages 18-35 and unaware of their sickle cell trait status, completed two open-ended questions from a larger survey. One question asked for their understanding of sickle cell trait; the other asked for their understanding of sickle cell trait screening. Content analysis occurred in two phases: (1) In vivo and holistic coding; and (2) focused coding...
February 21, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275087/community-health-workers-as-social-marketers-of-injectable-contraceptives-a-case-study-from-ethiopia
#15
REVIEW
Karen Weidert, Amanuel Gessessew, Suzanne Bell, Hagos Godefay, Ndola Prata
Ethiopia has made notable progress in increasing awareness and knowledge of family planning and is considered a success story among funders and program planners. Yet unmet need among rural women (28.6%) is almost double that of urban women (15.5%), with a wide gap in total fertility rate depending on urban (2.6) or rural (5.5) residence. This study investigates the impact of a service delivery model that combines community-based distribution (CBD) of contraception with social marketing in Tigray, Ethiopia, to create a more sustainable approach to CBD...
March 8, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265492/evidence-for-high-inter-generational-individual-quality-in-yellow-eyed-penguins
#16
Aviva M Stein, Melanie J Young, John T Darby, Philip J Seddon, Yolanda van Heezik
Longitudinal studies focusing on lifetime reproductive success (LRS) have been used to measure individual breeding performance and identify commonalities among successful breeders. By extending the focus to subsequent generations we identify a proportion of high-quality individuals that contribute disproportionately to the population over multiple generations. We used 23 years of yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes) breeding data from one breeding area to identify the proportion of individual birds that raised successful breeders, which in turn raised offspring...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259404/genetic-and-functional-analysis-of-the-bovine-uterine-microbiota-part-i-metritis-versus-healthy-cows
#17
M L S Bicalho, V S Machado, C H Higgins, F S Lima, R C Bicalho
Metritis is a uterine disease that affects 10 to 30% of all lactating dairy cows and has detrimental effects on reproductive performance, milk production, and survival. Data regarding the identity and abundance of bacterial genes governing traits such as virulence, antibiotic resistance, and stress responses could enable identification of previously unknown agents that play a role in metritis pathogenesis. Moreover, such knowledge could lead to the development of improved treatments or preventive methods. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to characterize the uterine microbial population and to differentiate, for the first time, the microbial functional diversity in cows with metritis versus healthy cows...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257809/the-global-health-impact-of-vaginal-dysbiosis
#18
Janneke H H M van de Wijgert, Vicky Jespers
The most common dysbiosis of the vaginal microbiome (defined here as a vaginal microbiome not dominated by lactobacilli) is bacterial vaginosis, an anaerobic polybacterial dysbiosis. Other dysbiotic states of importance to global health are vaginal microbiota with a high abundance of streptococci, staphylococci or Enterobacteriaceae, vaginal candidiasis and trichomoniasis. Knowledge about the different types of dysbiosis and their relationship to urogenital and reproductive disease burden has increased in recent years by applying non-culture-based techniques, but is far from complete...
March 1, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256912/effectiveness-of-a-video-intervention-on-fertility-knowledge-among-university-students-a-randomised-pre-test-post-test-study
#19
Carla Conceição, Juliana Pedro, Mariana V Martins
OBJECTIVES: Recent evidence has shown that young adults have poor knowledge about reproductive health and fertility, and that interventions are needed to increase fertility awareness. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a brief video in increasing knowledge about fertility and infertility in young adults. METHODS: We carried out a two-arm, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial with a pre-test/post-test design (NCT02607761, ClinicalTrials...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251669/cultural-capital-a-concept-analysis
#20
Yuki Ohashi, Atsuko Taguchi, Junko Omori, Akiko Ozaki
OBJECTIVE: Harnessing community assets may help public health nurses address health inequalities. Cultural factor is one such asset, which is assumed to be capital in a community. Cultural capital is a key concept for understanding the causes of public health issues. This paper provided an in-depth analysis of "cultural capital" as a concept. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Rodgers' evolutionary methodology was used for concept analysis. Forty-two studies published in English between 1998 and 2015 were retrieved from MEDLINE by searching for "cultural capital" in the title field...
March 2, 2017: Public Health Nursing
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