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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774447/infertility-in-the-aging-male
#1
REVIEW
Daniel J Mazur, Larry I Lipshultz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In many countries, the average age of paternity is rising. The negative effect of older age on fertility in women is well documented; however, less is known about the impact of paternal age on fecundity. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of how paternal age affects semen parameters, reproductive success, and offspring health. RECENT FINDINGS: Contemporary evidence confirms that aged men have worse semen parameters, including overall negative changes in sperm genetics...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774262/the-need-to-improve-fertility-awareness
#2
Joyce Harper, Jacky Boivin, Helen C O'Neill, Kate Brian, Jennifer Dhingra, Grace Dugdale, Genevieve Edwards, Lucy Emmerson, Bola Grace, Alison Hadley, Laura Hamzic, Jenny Heathcote, Jessica Hepburn, Lesley Hoggart, Fiona Kisby, Sue Mann, Sarah Norcross, Lesley Regan, Susan Seenan, Judith Stephenson, Harry Walker, Adam Balen
Women and men globally are delaying the birth of their first child. In the UK, the average age of first conception in women is 29 years. Women experience age-related fertility decline so it is important that men and women are well-informed about this, and other aspects of fertility. A group of UK stakeholders have established the Fertility Education Initiative to develop tools and information for children, adults, teachers, parents and healthcare professionals dedicated to improving knowledge of fertility and reproductive health...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773084/sexual-and-reproductive-health-concerns-of-persons-with-disability-in-india-an-issue-of-deep-rooted-silence
#3
Seema Sharma, Muthusamy Sivakami
SummaryGlobal estimates suggest that over a billion people live with a disability that is significant enough to affect their daily lives. According to the 2011 Indian Census, India alone has about 26.8 million people with disabilities. Research suggests that persons with disabilities (PwDs) in India are among the most neglected, stigmatized, poor and least educated of the world's population, and women with disabilities in India are the most marginalized, both socially and economically. They bear the triple burden of being discriminated against through being 'women' (socially marginal beings), 'disabled' (incapacitated, inefficient and undesirable) and 'women with disabilities' (the weakest of the weak), often becoming socially invisible...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769124/knowledge-towards-cervical-cancer-prevention-and-screening-practices-among-women-who-attended-reproductive-and-child-health-clinic-at-magu-district-hospital-lake-zone-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mabula M Mabelele, John Materu, Faraja D Ng'ida, Michael J Mahande
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a global leading cause of morbidity and mortality, attributable to the death of approximately 266,000 women every year. Majority (87%) of cervical cancer deaths occur in developing countries including Tanzania. Though knowledge of cervical cancer is an important determinant of women's participation in prevention and screening for cervical cancer, little is known about this topic in Tanzania. This study aimed to determine the knowledge of cervical cancer prevention services and screening practices among women who attended Reproductive Child Health clinic at a district hospital in Lake Zone, Tanzania...
May 16, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768459/use-of-modern-contraceptive-methods-and-its-association-with-qol-among-nepalese-female-migrants-living-in-japan
#5
Richa Shah, Junko Kiriya, Akira Shibanuma, Masamine Jimba
INTRODUCTION: Modern contraceptive use among migrants may be limited due to factors such as language barriers, socio-economic condition, and inadequate knowledge. Limited evidence is available on the factors associated with the use of modern contraceptive methods by migrants in Japan. Moreover, evidence remains scarce on the quality of life (QOL) of migrants in relation to contraceptive use. As the Nepalese migrant population in Japan is increasing, this study was conducted to address their sexual and reproductive health issues...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745745/mental-health-and-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-systematic-review
#6
Zahra Bajalan, Farnoosh Moafi, Mohammad MoradiBaglooei, Zainab Alimoradi
Several factors including demographic, reproductive, lifestyle, psychological and social factors can affect incidence and severity of primary dysmenorrhea. This study aimed to systematically review the psychological risk factors associated with primary dysmenorrhea. Embase, ISI web of knowledge, ProQuest, Science Direct, Scopus and PubMed central were searched using keywords related to risk factors and primary dysmenorrhea. Observational studies, published in English after 2000, focusing solely on psychological factors affecting primary dysmenorrhea were included...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745447/dna-methylation-pattern-of-bovine-blastocysts-associated-to-hyperinsulinemia-in-vitro
#7
Denise Laskowski, Patrice Humblot, Marc-André Sirard, Ylva Sjunnesson, Naveed Jhamat, Renée Båge, Göran Andersson
Insulin functions as a regulator of metabolism and plays an important role in reproduction. Hyperinsulinemia is often observed in obesity and diabetes type 2 and is known to impair fertility, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are only partly understood. Metabolic programming through epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation during embryonic development can lead to health implications for the offspring later in life. Our aim was to study the potential effect of hyperinsulinemia on gene expression and DNA methylation of embryos by adding insulin (0...
May 10, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740839/ageing-and-inflammation-in-the-male-reproductive-tract
#8
REVIEW
M B Frungieri, R S Calandra, A Bartke, M E Matzkin
Ageing is usually characterised by a mild chronic proinflammatory state. Despite the tight association between both processes, the phenomenon has recently been termed inflammageing. Inflammation in the male reproductive tract is frequently linked with bacterial or virus infections but also with a broad range of noninfectious processes. Prostatitis, epididymitis and orchitis, among others, can lead to infertility. However, in spite of the inflammation theory of disease, chronic inflammation in male urogenital system does not always cause symptoms...
May 8, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739429/women-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-towards-specific-contraceptive-methods-in-bangladesh-and-kenya
#9
Kazuyo Machiyama, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Faisal Ahmmed, George Odwe, Francis Obare, Joyce N Mumah, Marylene Wamukoya, John B Casterline, John Cleland
BACKGROUND: Missing from the huge literature on women's attitudes and beliefs concerning specific contraceptive methods is any detailed quantitative documentation for all major methods in low- and middle-income countries. The objectives are to provide such a documentation for women living in Matlab (rural Bangladesh), Nairobi slums and Homa Bay (rural Kenya) and to compare the opinions and beliefs of current, past and never users towards the three most commonly used methods (oral contraceptives, injectables and implants)...
May 8, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739372/use-of-traditional-and-modern-contraceptives-among-childbearing-women-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-in-two-southwestern-nigerian-states
#10
Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Wilson Akpan
BACKGROUND: Contraceptive use has numerous health benefits such as preventing unplanned pregnancies, ensuring optimum spacing between births, reducing maternal and child mortality, and improving the lives of women and children in general. This study examines the level of contraceptive use, its determinants, reasons for non-use of contraception among women in the reproductive age group (18-49 years) in two southwestern Nigerian states. METHODS: The study adopted an interviewer-administered questionnaire to collect data from 809 participants selected using a 3-stage cluster random sampling technique...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730719/training-in-youth-friendly-service-provision-improves-nurses-competency-level-in-the-great-lakes-region
#11
Carine Weiss, Yajna Elouard, Jana Gerold, Sonja Merten
OBJECTIVES: This survey investigates whether relevant training and availability of guidelines improve self-reported competencies of nurses in the provision of youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in South-Kivu Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda. METHODS: A quantitative baseline survey was conducted among nurses in randomly selected health facilities. Nurses providing youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services were asked to self-rate their competencies with regards to technical knowledge, clinical, and communication skills...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728101/attitudes-toward-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-urban-and-rural-dr-congo
#12
Fidèle Mbadu Muanda, Ndongo Parfait Gahungu, Francine Wood, Jane T Bertrand
BACKGROUND: In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), onset of sexual intercourse is initiated during adolescence, however only two in ten sexually active unmarried women are using modern contraception. Improving adolescents' and young peoples' knowledge and practices related to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is necessary to improve health outcomes. However, little is known about the SRH attitudes and needs among young people in the DRC. The study aims to contribute to the available evidence by examining adolescents' and young people's insights on their cultural norms, practices and attitudes towards SRH services...
May 4, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720047/comprehensive-sexuality-education-as-a-primary-prevention-strategy-for-sexual-violence-perpetration
#13
Madeline Schneider, Jennifer S Hirsch
Sexual violence (SV) represents a serious public health problem with high rates and numerous health consequences. Current primary prevention strategies to reduce SV perpetration have been shown to be largely ineffective-not surprisingly, since as others have pointed out current prevention largely fails to draw on existing knowledge about the characteristics of effective prevention. In this article, we examine the potential of K-12 comprehensive sexuality education (CSE), guided by the National Sexuality Education Standards (NSES), to be an effective strategy...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719404/effects-of-interactive-teaching-on-university-students-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-reproductive-health-a-pilot-study-in-jordan
#14
Reem A Ali, Ahlam Alnatour, Karimeh Alnuaimi, Fatmeh Alzoubi, Maysa Almomani, Areej Othman
Background: Youths in Jordan lack knowledge related to reproductive health (RH). Interactive teaching methods showed positive results in enhancing health awareness and adopting healthy practices among students. Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the usefulness of interactive teaching in promoting health awareness of RH among nonmedical university students in Jordan. Methods: We employed a quasi-experimental one group pretest and posttest design for a purposive sample of 210 students (18-24 years)...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700941/features-of-successful-sexual-health-promotion-programs-for-young-people-findings-from-a-review-of-systematic-reviews
#15
Anna L Bowring, Cassandra J C Wright, Caitlin Douglass, Judy Gold, Megan S C Lim
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Young people have a high burden of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) problems, and it is important to reach this group through health promotion initiatives. We conducted a systematic review of reviews to identify successful elements of health promotion programs for improving SRH of young people. METHODS: We identified and collated systematic reviews published in 2005-2015 which focused on young people (10-24 years), reported on SRH outcomes (pregnancy, sexually transmissible infections, condoms/contraceptive use, risky sexual behaviour, sexual healthcare access or intimate partner violence), and included primary studies predominantly conducted in high-income countries...
April 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697189/barriers-and-facilitators-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-communication-between-pediatric-oncology-clinicians-and-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-the-clinician-perspective
#16
Natasha N Frederick, Kevin Campbell, Lisa B Kenney, Kerry Moss, Ashley Speckhart, Sharon L Bober
BACKGROUND: Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is identified by adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer as an important but often neglected aspect of their comprehensive cancer care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes and perceptions of pediatric oncology clinicians towards discussing SRH with AYAs, and to understand perceived barriers to effective communication in current practice. PROCEDURE: Pediatric oncology clinicians (physicians, certified nurse practitioners, and physician assistants) participated in semi-structured qualitative interviews investigating attitudes about SRH communication with AYAs and barriers to such conversations...
April 26, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696829/perspectives-of-adolescent-girls-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-parents-on-disease-specific-sexual-and-reproductive-health-education
#17
Traci M Kazmerski, Kelsey Hill, Olga Prushinskaya, Eliza Nelson, Jonathan Greenberg, Sarah Ab Pitts, Sonya Borrero, Elizabeth Miller, Gregory S Sawicki
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent girls with cystic fibrosis (CF) face significant disease-specific sexual and reproductive health (SRH) concerns that are not typically addressed in routine clinical care. Additionally, there is a paucity of developmentally appropriate CF-specific SRH educational resources for this population. The goal of this study was to explore patient and parent attitudes toward SRH educational resources for adolescent girls with CF. METHODS: Adolescent girls ages 13-18 years with CF and parents of daughters ages 10-18 years with CF completed individual, semi-structured interviews regarding their experiences and preferences around CF-specific SRH education and care...
April 26, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692473/contraceptive-use-and-its-determinants-amongst-armed-forces-personnel
#18
R N Hiremath, A K Yadav, Sandhya Ghodke, Jyoti Yadav
Background: Nearly 1.5 billion adolescent girls are entering into child bearing age groups without effective knowledge regarding family planning practices which are essential to maintain their reproductive health. Timely and effective knowledge regarding family planning norms and practices among the young women during their initial married days are vital. Therefore the study was carried out with the aim to find out the factors associated with use of contraceptive among Armed Forces Personnel...
April 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688289/testicular-aging-an-overview-of-ultrastructural-cellular-and-molecular-alterations
#19
Joana Santiago, Joana V Silva, Marco G Alves, Pedro F Oliveira, Margarida Fardilha
The trend in parenthood at an older age is increasing for both men and women in developed countries, raising concerns about the reproductive ability and the consequences for the offspring's health. While reproductive activity in women stops with menopause, a complete cessation of the reproductive potential does not occur in men. Although several studies have been published on the effects of aging on semen parameters and spermatozoa DNA integrity, literature on impact of aging on the testis, particularly cellular and molecular alterations, has been, so far, limited and controversial...
April 21, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686982/maternal-death-in-rural-ghana-a-case-study-in-the-upper-east-region-of-ghana
#20
Paschal Awingura Apanga, John Koku Awoonor-Williams
Maternal mortality remains a challenge in providing quality maternal and other reproductive healthcare services in Ghana. This is a case investigation of a maternal death in rural Ghana that seeks to unravel the circumstances that lead to her death. We conducted three in-depth interviews with healthcare staff as well as a focused group discussion comprising of six relatives of the deceased, including her husband. The investigation revealed that lack of logistics, medical, and laboratory equipment, inadequate knowledge about the benefits of antenatal care services as well as non-adherence of healthcare workers to treatment protocols and standard operating procedures were found as major setbacks to the provision of effective and quality maternal healthcare services in Ghana...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
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