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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225786/female-reproductive-factors-are-associated-with-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-middle-aged-women
#1
Eija K Laakkonen, Janne Kulmala, Pauliina Aukee, Harto Hakonen, Urho M Kujala, Dawn A Lowe, Vuokko Kovanen, Tuija Tammelin, Sarianna Sipilä
Physical activity improves health and may delay the onset of several chronic diseases. For women in particular, the rate of these diseases accelerates at middle age; therefore it is important to identify the determinants of health-enhancing physical activity during midlife in this population. In this study, we focused on determinants that are unique to the female sex, such as childbearing and menopause. The main objective was to characterize the level of physical activity and differences between active and inactive middle-aged Finnish women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225422/clinical-updates-in-women-s-health-care-summary-structural-heart-disease-primary-and-preventive-care-review
#2
Tiberio Frisoli, Michele Doughty Voeltz
Reproductive-aged women with structural heart disease who become pregnant as well as postreproductive-aged women with this condition represent a significant proportion of patients seen by obstetrician- gynecologists. Usually, their conditions are complex, and a basic knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the heart is required. Additionally, understanding the effect of pregnancy on women with structural heart disease is critically important to optimizing maternal and fetal outcomes. This monograph addresses the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, screening and diagnosis, basic management, and suggested counseling for an obstetric-gynecologic patient with structural heart disease...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222694/knowledge-of-obstetric-danger-signs-and-associated-factors-among-reproductive-age-women-in-raya-kobo-district-of-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Nigus Bililign, Tesfahun Mulatu
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications during pregnancy, labour, and postnatal period is the first essential step for appropriate and timely referral. This study aimed to investigate predictors of knowledge about obstetric danger signs during pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum period among mothers of reproductive age women who gave birth in the last 12 months. METHODS: A quantitative community based cross-sectional study was employed during March 2016...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212056/parenting-intentions-among-transgender-individuals
#4
Samantha L Tornello, Henny Bos
PURPOSE: We know very little about how transgender people create their families and the issues involved in these decisions. This qualitative study explored the parenting intentions and desires of 32 self-identified transgender individuals who want to become parents in the future. METHODS: Data were collected using an open-ended survey with 32 transgender men and transgender women regarding when and how they want to become parents in the future. RESULTS: We found that transgender individuals expressed specific desires for parenthood, such as biological relatedness and barriers to parenthood, such as physical limitations or lack of legal protections, which influence how transgender individuals choose to become parents in the future...
February 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207337/engaging-human-rights-in-the-response-to-the-evolving-zika-virus-epidemic
#5
Jennifer J K Rasanathan, Sarah MacCarthy, Debora Diniz, Els Torreele, Sofia Gruskin
In late 2015, an increase in the number of infants born with microcephaly in poor communities in northeast Brazil prompted investigation of antenatal Zika infection as the cause. Zika now circulates in 69 countries, and has affected pregnancies of women in 29 countries. Public health officials, policymakers, and international organizations are considering interventions to address health consequences of the Zika epidemic. To date, public health responses have focused on mosquito vector eradication, sexual and reproductive health services, knowledge and technology including diagnostic test and vaccine development, and health system preparedness...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207285/improvements-in-clinical-trials-information-will-improve-the-reproductive-health-and-fertility-of-cancer-patients
#6
Angela Dauti, Brigitte Gerstl, Serena Chong, Orin Chisholm, Antoinette Anazodo
There are a number of barriers that result in cancer patients not being referred for oncofertility care, which include knowledge about reproductive risks of antineoplastic agents. Without this information, clinicians do not always make recommendations for oncofertility care. The objective of this study was to describe the level of reproductive information and recommendations that clinicians have available in clinical trial protocols regarding oncofertility management and follow-up, and the information that patients may receive in clinical trials patient information sheets or consent forms...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202088/what-influences-the-home-range-size-of-free-roaming-domestic-dogs
#7
S Dürr, N K Dhand, C Bombara, S Molloy, M P Ward
In many regions of the world domestic dogs are free roaming and live in close relationship with humans. These free-roaming domestic dogs (FRDD) can cause public health problems such as dog bites and transmission of infectious diseases. To effectively control diseases transmitted by FRDD, knowledge on the dogs' behaviour is required. To identify predictors of home range (HR) size, we collected global positioning system data from 135 FRDD living in eight Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Northern Australia...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188146/abortion-and-fertility-control-in-pakistan-the-role-of-misoprostol
#8
Harneet Chahal, Zubia Mumtaz
OBJECTIVE: To examine how availability of misoprostol has impacted women's abortion-seeking behaviour in Pakistan. DESIGN: Focused ethnography. SETTING: A facility providing reproductive health services, including induced abortions in Chakwal, a small town in Northern Punjab, Pakistan. POPULATION: Women who came to the clinic seeking an abortion or who had had one in the last 6 months (n=23) and all healthcare providers working in the facility (n=14)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187740/multi-year-school-based-implementation-and-student-outcomes-of-an-evidence-based-risk-reduction-intervention
#9
Bo Wang, Bonita Stanton, Lynette Deveaux, Sonja Lunn, Glenda Rolle, Richard Adderley, Maxwell Poitier, Veronica Koci, Sharon Marshall, Perry Gomez
BACKGROUND: Intervention effects observed in efficacy trials are rarely replicated when the interventions are broadly disseminated, underscoring the need for more information about factors influencing real-life implementation and program impact. Using data from the ongoing national implementation of an evidence-based HIV prevention program [Focus on Youth in The Caribbean (FOYC)] in The Bahamas, this study examines factors influencing teachers' patterns of implementation, the impact of teachers' initial implementation of FOYC, and subsequent delivery of the booster sessions on students' outcomes...
February 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179692/an-intervention-study-to-assess-knowledge-and-attitude-about-reproductive-health-among-turkish-armed-forces
#10
Alper Tunga Kokcu, Omur Sayligil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of reproductive health training given in Turkish Armed Forces on recruits' knowledge. METHODS: This interventional study was conducted at the Basic Military Training Centre, Kutahya, Turkey, from September to October 2009, and comprised recruits of armed forces. Data was collected and assessed before and after the training sessions. The intervention programme consisted of education focusing on anatomy of the reproductive system, contraceptive methods, sexually transmitted infections, responsible parenthood, gender and violence against women...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173820/therapeutic-arthropods-and-other-largely-terrestrial-folk-medicinally-important-invertebrates-a-comparative-survey-and-review
#11
REVIEW
V Benno Meyer-Rochow
Traditional healing methods involving hundreds of insect and other invertebrate species are reviewed. Some of the uses are based on the tenet of "similia similibus" (let likes be cured by likes), but not all non-conventional health promoting practices should be dismissed as superstition or wishful thinking, for they have stood the test of time. Two questions are addressed: how can totally different organ systems in a human possibly benefit from extracts, potions, powders, secretions, ashes, etc. of a single species and how can different target organs, e...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161418/us-medical-students-willingness-to-offer-the-hpv-vaccine-by-vaccination-status
#12
Abbey B Berenson, Jacqueline M Hirth, Erika L Fuchs
We surveyed third-year medical students to assess whether personal vaccination status was associated with willingness to recommend the human papillomavirus vaccine to patients. A total of 231 students completed an anonymous survey evaluating their knowledge, attitudes, and personal vaccine history. Of 122 female students, 81 (66.4%) reported initiating the vaccine, as did 16 of 109 males (14.7%). Females and students ⩽25years old were more likely to be vaccinated. Knowledge did not vary by vaccination status, but anticipated behaviors did...
February 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159136/sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-spanish-university-students-a-comparison-between-medical-and-law-students
#13
Pluvio J Coronado, Carlos Delgado-Miguel, Adriana Rey-Cañas, Miguel A Herráiz
OBJECTIVE: To describe behaviors and knowledge related to sexual and reproductive health of Spanish university students and their association with the subject area studied (biomedical or not). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional observational study conducted with 2074 students aged 18-24years from the University Complutense of Madrid in the Faculties of Medicine and Law. Simple random stratified sampling without replacement was performed. A self-administered, anonymous and voluntary questionnaire was distributed...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159124/knowledge-experience-and-utilisation-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-amongst-nepalese-youth-living-in-the-kathmandu-valley
#14
Laxmi Tamang, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Kevin McGeechan, Kirsten I Black
OBJECTIVE: Youth have the right to utilise sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and information to protect themselves from negative SRH outcomes. This study aimed to assess knowledge, experience and use of SRH services amongst youth living in urban areas of the Kathmandu Valley. METHODS: We conducted a two stage cluster sampling cross-sectional household survey of young men and women aged 15-24 living in the Kathmandu Valley using a structured questionnaire...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158947/ambiguous-bodies-uncertain-diseases-knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-in-papua-new-guinea
#15
A Kelly-Hanku, S Ase, V Fiya, P Toliman, H Aeno, G M Mola, J M Kaldor, L M Vallely, A J Vallely
OBJECTIVES: Within their local realities, people experience and interpret disease in diverse ways that do not necessarily correlate or converge with Western biomedical interventions. In the high cervical cancer burden setting of Papua New Guinea, understanding how people experience and interpret cervical cancer is necessary for effective intervention. Drawing on work by Street on the production of unstable biomedical knowledge, we explored how ambiguity and uncertainty, coupled with cultural taboos and linguistic limitations, affect what and how people 'know' about women's reproductive organs and their associated disease...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157251/varicella-a-potential-threat-to-maternal-and-fetal-health
#16
Maria Biskupska, Ilona Małecka, Joanna Stryczyńska-Kazubska, Jacek Wysocki
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the following: i) number of midwives and nurses at risk for contracting varicella; ii) effectiveness of infectious disease prevention among healthcare personnel; iii) attitude of healthcare person-nel towards immunization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 524 midwives and nurses from obstetric, neonatal, and pediatric wards were investigated. Quantitative data analysis was performed. RESULTS: Overall, 14...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153043/a-study-protocol-for-facility-assessment-and-follow-up-evaluations-of-the-barriers-to-access-availability-utilization-and-readiness-of-contraception-abortion-and-postabortion-services-in-zika-affected-areas
#17
Moazzam Ali, Rachel Folz, Kelsey Miller, Brooke Ronald Johnson, James Kiarie
BACKGROUND: The Zika virus epidemic in Latin America has elicited official recommendations for women to delay or avoid pregnancy in affected countries, which has increased demand for family planning services. It is likely, however, that health facilities in areas where the population is most vulnerable to the disease lack the capacity to respond to the increased demand for family planning services. Our objectives are to perform facilities assessment and understand client perceptions in areas affected by Zika virus, and to track changes in these parameters over time...
February 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137605/protection-against-neo-formed-contaminants-nfcs-induced-toxicity-by-phytochemicals
#18
Mengyao Zhao, Pengpu Wang, Daotong Li, Jin Shang, Xiaosong Hu, Fang Chen
Neo-formed compounds (NFCs) are commonly found in all kinds of foods due to the complex reaction between components during processing. Acrylamide, benzo(a)pyrene and heterocyclic aromatic amines are the main types of NFCs in foods enriched with carbohydrate, fats and proteins, respectively. They have exhibited diverse toxicity, such as neurotoxicity, genotoxicity, potentially carcinogenic and reproductive toxicity. In recent years, various phytochemicals have been found to be effective in alleviation of their related toxicities both in vitro and in vivo...
January 28, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130504/early-life-nutritional-exposures-and-lifelong-health-immediate-and-long-lasting-impacts-of-probiotics-vitamin-d-and-breastfeeding
#19
Cristiana Berti, Carlo Agostoni, Riccardo Davanzo, Elina Hyppönen, Erika Isolauri, Helle M Meltzer, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Irene Cetin
Pregnancy and infancy comprise the most critical stages for conditioning an individual's health, with a number of implications for subsequent risks of morbidity, mortality, and reproductive health. Nutrition may influence both the overall pregnancy outcome and the growth trajectory and immune system of the fetus and infant, with short- and long-term effects on the health of the offspring. Within this context, leading experts at Expo Milano 2015 in Milan, Italy, discussed up-to-date knowledge while providing suggestions and challenges before, during, and after pregnancy...
January 27, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122628/women-s-knowledge-and-associated-factors-in-preconception-care-in-adet-west-gojjam-northwest-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Yitayal Ayalew, Amlaku Mulat, Mulugeta Dile, Amare Simegn
BACKGROUND: Preconception care is the provision of biomedical, behavioural and social health interventions to women and couples before the occurrence of conception to improve their health status. There is poor maternal and child health and lack of knowledge in developing countries about preconception care. Therefore, this study aimed to assess women's knowledge and associated factors in preconception care in Adet Town, Gojjam, Northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 systematically selected reproductive age group women who are living in the Adet town from March 1 to 30, 2016...
January 25, 2017: Reproductive Health
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