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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086926/maternal-health-care-service-seeking-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-rural-haramaya-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-triangulated-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Dereje Kifle, Telake Azale, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Regular utilization of maternal health care services reduces maternal morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the maternal health care seeking behavior and associated factors of reproductive age women in rural villages of Haramaya district, East Ethiopia. METHODS: Community based cross sectional study supplemented with qualitative data was conducted in Haramaya district from November 15 to Decemeber 30, 2015. A total of 561 women in reproductive age group and who gave birth in the last 2 years were randomly included...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076534/absorption-and-metabolization-of-sex-hormones-and-their-transformation-into-contraceptive-technologies-the-paths-taken-by-medical-thought-in-brazil
#2
Claudia Bonan, Luiz Antonio Teixeira, Andreza Rodrigues Nakano
The article analyses knowledge assimilation and the development of clinical and research practices relating to sex hormones among Brazilian gynaecologists. It discusses the paths taken by medical thought from the reception of the hormones to their transformation into contraceptives. Our objective is to comprehend styles of introducing and disseminating medical technologies in the area of reproductive health in Brazil. It uses methods of historical analysis and takes as its source the Anais Brasileiros de Ginecologia, a journal published between 1936 and 1970...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068904/long-term-kinetics-of-zika-virus-rna-and-antibodies-in-body-fluids-of-a-vasectomized-traveller-returning-from-martinique-a-case-report
#3
Guenter Froeschl, Kristina Huber, Frank von Sonnenburg, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Michael Hoelscher, Lothar Zoeller, Matthias Trottmann, Francisco Pan-Montojo, Gerhard Dobler, Silke Woelfel
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has led to a declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO. Findings of viable viral particles in semen for several weeks are corroborating reports of sexual transmission of ZIKV. Serious consequences of a positive diagnostic result particularly in the pregnant patient are calling for precise diagnostic tools also at later time points after infection. Currently, recommendations suggest a diagnostic period of direct viral detection of 5 to 7 days after onset of symptoms in serum or plasma, and up to 3 weeks in urine samples...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063467/informing-health-promotion-in-rural-men
#4
Gary M H Misan, Chloe Oosterbroek, Nathan J Wilson
Issue addressed: Despite the growth of Australian men's sheds, the body of evidence regarding the health status of members, their health concerns, interests, help- or health-seeking behaviour and their preferred format for receiving health information is limited. Methods: The study involved a cross-sectional study design with data collected from 11 rural South Australian (SA) men's sheds. The survey collected information across 5 domains: demographics; health history, status, concerns and interests; health knowledge; help-seeking behaviours and health information format preferences...
December 22, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060967/medical-students-help-bridge-the-gap-in-sexual-health-education-among-middle-school-youth
#5
Naomi Adjei, Michael Yacovelli, Dorothy Liu, Kunal Sindhu, Mary Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND: School-based programs are important in addressing risky teenage sexual behavior. We implemented a sex education program using trained medical student volunteers. METHODS: Medical students (n=30) implemented a seven-session curriculum, designed by medical students and faculty, to 7th and 8th grade students (n=310) at a local school. Middle school students completed pre- and post-assessments. Teachers and medical students completed questionnaires relating their perceptions of students' attitudes and understanding of sexual health...
January 6, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056865/why-women-do-not-ask-for-information-on-preconception-health-a-qualitative-study
#6
Renata Bortolus, Nadia C Oprandi, Francesca Rech Morassutti, Luca Marchetto, Francesca Filippini, Eleonora Agricola, Alberto E Tozzi, Carlo Castellani, Faustina Lalatta, Bruno Rusticali, Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo
BACKGROUND: Preconception care involves health promotion to reduce risk factors that might affect women and couples of childbearing age. The risk factors of adverse reproductive outcomes include recognized genetic diseases in the family or the individual, previous congenital diseases, miscarriage, prematurity, fetal growth restriction, infertility, chronic maternal diseases, lifestyle, and occupational or environmental factors. Effective preconception care involves a range of preventive, therapeutic and behavioural interventions...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049458/factors-associated-with-male-involvement-in-reproductive-care-in-bangladesh
#7
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Seydou Ide, Hang Fu, Manli Wang, Zhifei He, Feng Da, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Men's active involvement in reproductive healthcare has shown to be positively associated with maternal and child health outcomes. Bangladesh has made appreciable progress in its pursuance of maternal mortality related goals in the framework of the MDGs. However, there remains a lot to be accomplished to realise the long-term goals for which active participation of male counterparts in reproductive care is crucial. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate factors associated with male involvement in reproductive health among Bangladeshi men...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040262/environmental-impact-of-estrogens-on-human-animal-and-plant-life-a-critical-review
#8
REVIEW
Muhammad Adeel, Xiaoming Song, Yuanyuan Wang, Dennis Francis, Yuesuo Yang
BACKGROUND: Since the inception of global industrialization, steroidal estrogens have become an emerging and serious concern. Worldwide, steroid estrogens including estrone, estradiol and estriol, pose serious threats to soil, plants, water resources and humans. Indeed, estrogens have gained notable attention in recent years, due to their rapidly increasing concentrations in soil and water all over the world. Concern has been expressed regarding the entry of estrogens into the human food chain which in turn relates to how plants take up and metabolism estrogens...
December 28, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031302/a-review-of-10-years-of-vasectomy-programming-and-research-in-low-resource-settings
#9
REVIEW
Dominick Shattuck, Brian Perry, Catherine Packer, Dawn Chin Quee
Vasectomy is a highly effective and safe contraceptive method for couples who want to stop childbearing, but only 2.4% of men around the world use this method. We conducted an extensive review of the vasectomy research literature and programmatic reports, published between April 2005 and April 2015, to synthesize barriers and facilitators to vasectomy adoption. Of the more than 230 documents initially retrieved in our search, we ultimately included 75 documents in our review and synthesized the findings according to the Supply-Enabling Environment-Demand (SEED) Programming Model...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030408/nurses-on-the-front-lines-improving-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-across-health-care-settings
#10
Diane Santa Maria, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Loretta Sweet Jemmott, Anne Derouin, Antonia Villarruel
: Nurses care for adolescents in a variety of settings, including communities, schools, and public health and acute care clinics, which affords them many opportunities to improve adolescents' sexual and reproductive health and reduce the rates of unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. To ensure that adolescents have access to sexual and reproductive health care (which includes both preventive counseling and treatment) in all nursing practice sites, nurses need to gain the knowledge and hone the skills required to deliver evidence-based counseling and services to adolescents and parents...
January 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024681/-girls-need-to-behave-like-girls-you-know-the-complexities-of-applying-a-gender-justice-goal-within-sexuality-education-in-south-african-schools
#11
Sisa Ngabaza, Tamara Shefer, Catriona Ida Macleod
Sexuality education, as a component within the Life Orientation (LO) programme in South African schools, is intended to provide young people with knowledge and skills to make informed choices about their sexuality, their own health and that of others. Key to the programme are outcomes relating to power, power relations and gender. In this paper, we apply a critical gender lens to explore the ways in which the teaching of sexuality education engages with larger goals of gender justice. The paper draws from a number of ethnographic studies conducted at 12 South African schools...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024680/politics-policies-pronatalism-and-practice-availability-and-accessibility-of-abortion-and-reproductive-health-services-in-turkey
#12
Katrina A MacFarlane, Mary Lou O'Neil, Deniz Tekdemir, Elvin Çetin, Barış Bilgen, Angel M Foster
Turkey has maintained liberal contraception and abortion policies since the 1980s. In 2012, the government proposed to restrict abortion; a bill limiting abortion was later drafted but never passed into law. Since the proposed restriction, women have reported difficulty accessing abortion services across Turkey. We aimed to better understand the current availability of abortion and reproductive health services in Istanbul and explore whether access to services has changed since 2012. In 2015, we completed 14 in-depth interviews with women and 11 semi-structured interviews with key informants...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024676/ageing-and-healthy-sexuality-among-women-living-with-hiv
#13
Manjulaa Narasimhan, Caitlin Payne, Stephanie Caldas, John R Beard, Caitlin E Kennedy
Populations around the world are rapidly ageing and effective treatment for HIV means women living with HIV (WLHIV) can live longer, healthier lives. HIV testing and screening programmes and safer sex initiatives often exclude older sexually active WLHIV. Systematically reviewing the literature to inform World Health Organization guidelines on the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of WLHIV, identified four studies examining healthy sexuality among older WLHIV. In Uganda, WLHIV reported lower rates of sexual activity and rated sex as less important than men...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010827/-is-it-all-right-for-me-to-have-a-baby-or-not-men-living-with-hiv-discuss-fertility-desires-and-interactions-with-providers
#14
Shannon Weber, Jennifer M Zakaras, Starr Hilliard, Deborah Cohan, Shari L Dworkin
To our knowledge, no study in the United States has qualitatively examined fertility desires, experiences communicating with health care providers about sexual and reproductive health, and attitudes toward reproductive counseling and services in men living with HIV (MLWH) who have sex with women. We conducted focus groups and interviews with MLWH (N = 17) who have sex with women seeking HIV care in San Francisco. The men conveyed limited awareness of safer conception strategies. While many men expressed the desire to have a child, most reported that their providers had not discussed reproduction with them...
January 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999119/transgender-men-s-experiences-of-fertility-preservation-a-qualitative-study
#15
G Armuand, C Dhejne, J I Olofsson, K A Rodriguez-Wallberg
STUDY QUESTION: How do transgender men experience fertility preservation (FP) by cryopreservation of oocytes? SUMMARY ANSWER: The procedures required prior to oocyte cryopreservation, such as hormonal ovarian stimulation and transvaginal ultrasound (TVS), have a negative impact on gender dysphoria as they are closely linked to the men's female assigned sex at birth, which is incompatible with their current status. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Transgender persons often have high dissatisfaction with assigned sex-specific body features, such as the genital organs and androgen/oestrogen-responsive features...
December 19, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997432/the-efficacy-of-assisted-reproduction-in-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-the-impact-of-surgery-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#16
Sonia Friedman, Pia Veldt Larsen, Jens Fedder, Bente Mertz Nørgård
BACKGROUND: In this study, we analyze the chance of a live birth and the impact of inflammatory bowel disease surgery in women with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) who have undergone assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments. METHODS: This is a nationwide cohort study based on the Danish health registries. We compare all women with and without CD or UC who received a first time ART treatment from January 1, 1994 to June 30, 2012 with follow-up until December 31, 2013...
December 16, 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997236/impact-of-a-text-messaging-program-on-adolescent-reproductive-health-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-ghana
#17
Slawa Rokicki, Jessica Cohen, Joshua A Salomon, Günther Fink
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether text-messaging programs can improve reproductive health among adolescent girls in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial among 756 female students aged 14 to 24 years in Accra, Ghana, in 2014. We randomized 38 schools to unidirectional intervention (n = 12), interactive intervention (n = 12), and control (n = 14). The unidirectional intervention sent participants text messages with reproductive health information...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992317/effect-of-prenatal-exposure-to-pesticides-on-children-s-health
#18
Magdalena Matysiak, Marcin Kruszewski, Barbara Jodlowska-Jedrych, Lucyna Kapka-Skrzypczak
The aim of this study was to summarize the current state of knowledge on pesticide-related fertility problems and disadventeges of childrens due to prenatal pesticides exposure. Available literature was analyzed. Due to the extent of the issue, the study focuses on epidemiological studies conducted in humans, despite evidence from in vitro and animal studies. It seems certain that exposure to harmful chemicals is one of the factors that may cause a decline in fertility and problems with conceiving, whereas exposure during pregnancy can impair foetal development...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976645/changes-in-sexual-behavior-and-contraceptive-use-after-hiv-acquisition-and-factors-associated-with-risky-sexual-practices-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-selected-indian-cities
#19
Beena Joshi, Sanjay Chauhan, Hiranya Das, Rosangluaia Luaia, Nitya Sunil
BACKGROUND: Sexual behavior and contraceptive use among HIV-infected persons are a neglected issue in public health programs. OBJECTIVES: To understand sexual practices and contraceptive use of people living with HIV (PLHIV) before and after being diagnosed with the infection and assess the providers' perspectives on provision of contraceptives to PLHIV, the quality of services provided and linkages between reproductive health and HIV services. METHODS: A mix method design study using a purposive sampling was undertaken enrolling PLHIV from ART centers and PLHIV networks across three cities in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965970/relevance-of-indirect-transmission-for-wildlife-disease-surveillance
#20
Martin Lange, Stephanie Kramer-Schadt, Hans-Hermann Thulke
Epidemiological models of infectious diseases are essential tools in support of risk assessment, surveillance design, and contingency planning in public and animal health. Direct pathogen transmission from host to host is an essential process of each host-pathogen system and respective epidemiological modeling concepts. It is widely accepted that numerous diseases involve indirect transmission (IT) through pathogens shed by infectious hosts to their environment. However, epidemiological models largely do not represent pathogen persistence outside the host explicitly...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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