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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909568/implementation-of-minimal-invasive-gynaecological-surgery-certification-will-challenge-gynaecologists-with-new-legal-and-ethical-issues
#1
V Tanos, R Socolov, P Demetriou, M Kyprianou, A Watrelot, Y Van Belle, R Campo
The introduction of a certification / diploma program in Minimal Invasive Surgery (MIS) is expected to improve surgical performance, patient's safety and outcome. The Gynaecological Endoscopic Surgical Education and Assessment programme (GESEA) and the ESHRE Certification for Reproductive Endoscopic Surgery (ECRES) provides a structured learning path, recognising different pillars of competence. In order to achieve a high level of competence a two steps validation is necessary: (a) the individual should be certified of having the appropriate theoretical knowledge and (b) the endoscopic psychomotor skills before entering in the diploma programme reflecting the surgical competence...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905191/race-and-ethnicity-and-preconception-folic-acid-supplement-use-among-pregnant-women-in-georgia-prams-2009-to-2011
#2
Ayesha Mukhtar, Michael R Kramer, Godfrey P Oakley, Vijaya Kancherla
BACKGROUND: The United States Public Health Service recommends that all women of reproductive age consume 400 μg of folic acid daily to prevent major neural tube defects. Hispanics have the highest prevalence of neural tube defects compared with other race/ethnic groups. We studied prevalence of preconception folic acid supplement use, and its association with race/ethnicity among pregnant women in Georgia. METHODS: Using state-wide population-based data from 2009 to 2011 Georgia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, we examined the prevalence of preconception folic acid supplement use among pregnant women aged 18 to 45 years...
December 1, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876090/the-impact-of-household-wealth-on-child-survival-in-ghana
#3
Stella T Lartey, Rasheda Khanam, Shingo Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Improving child health is one of the major policy agendas for most of the governments, especially in the developing countries. These governments have been implementing various strategies such as improving healthcare financing, improving access to health, increasing educational level, and income level of the household to improve child health. Despite all these efforts, under-five and infant mortality rates remain high in many developing nations. Some previous studies examined how economic development or household's economic condition contributes to child survival in developing countries...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875676/attitudes-of-european-geneticists-regarding-expanded-carrier-screening
#4
Sandra Janssens, Davit Chokoshvili, Danya Vears, Anne De Paepe, Pascal Borry
OBJECTIVE: To explore attitudes of clinical and molecular geneticists about the implementation of multi-disease or expanded carrier screening (ECS) for monogenic recessive disorders. DESIGN: Qualitative; semistructured interviews. SETTING: In person or via Skype. Interviews were audiorecorded and transcribed verbatim. PARTICIPANTS: European clinical and molecular geneticists with expertise in carrier screening (N = 16)...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871918/the-impact-of-interprofessional-student-led-reproductive-health-education-on-youths-in-juvenile-detention
#5
Ji Son, Willa M Miller, Krystel Tossone, Fredrick Butcher, Kelly Kuo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of an interprofessional student-led comprehensive sexual education curriculum in improving the reproductive health literacy among at-risk youths in detention. DESIGN: Setting, and Participants: We performed a prospective cohort study involving 134 incarcerated youth and an interprofessional team of 23 medical, nursing, and social work students, who participated in a comprehensive reproductive health curriculum over the course of 3 days...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869408/knowledge-level-attitude-and-own-experience-of-health-professionals-about-breastfeeding-and-breast-milk-in-a-city-of-turkey-cross-sectional-study
#6
Aylin Baydar Artantas, Burcu Kayhan Tetis, Melek Kılıc, İrep Karatas Eray, Nazan Cetin, Sinem Güney, Dogan Akdogan, Umut Domad, Yusuf Ustu, Mehmet Ugurlu
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide consensus about breastfeeding is that the infant should exclusively be breastfed until six months of life. Despite this, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of age is low in so many countries including Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, the attitudes and the own experiences of health professionals about breastfeeding and breast milk, in a metropolitan city in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed between July 2012 and December 2013...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865215/-study-of-the-sociodemographic-factors-and-risky-behaviours-associated-with-the-acquisition-of-sexual-transmitted-infections-by-foreign-exchange-students-in-portugal
#7
Andreia Gravata, Rita Castro, João Borges-Costa
BACKGROUND: Sexual transmitted infections are a main cause of morbidity, being a public health problem due to its reproductive complications, mostly observed in teenagers and young adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate sociodemographic factors and risky behaviours associated with sexual transmitted infections acquisition and to assess personal awareness of risky behaviour and the knowledge about Chlamydia trachomatis infection between foreign exchange students in Portugal...
June 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863875/knowledge-of-carrier-status-and-barriers-to-testing-among-mothers-of-sons-with-duchenne-or-becker-muscular-dystrophy
#8
Lauren Bogue, Holly Peay, Ann Martin, Ann Lucas, Sindhu Ramchandren
Our study objective was to survey female carriers for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy to identify barriers to carrier testing and the impact of carrier risk knowledge on cardiac and reproductive health management. We surveyed women who have or had biological sons with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy and were enrolled in the US DuchenneConnect patient registry, with questions assessing knowledge of carrier status and recurrence risk, knowledge of care standards for carriers, and barriers to testing...
September 16, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858206/exploring-the-need-for-interventions-to-manage-weight-and-stress-during-interconception
#9
Jennifer Huberty, Jenn A Leiferman, Abbey R Kruper, Lisette T Jacobson, Molly E Waring, Jeni L Matthews, Danielle M Wischenka, Betty Braxter, Sara L Kornfield
Interventions to manage weight and stress during the interconception period (i.e., time immediately following childbirth to subsequent pregnancy) are needed to promote optimal maternal and infant health outcomes. To address this gap, we summarize the current state of knowledge, critically evaluate the research focused on weight and stress management during the interconception period, and provide future recommendations for research in this area. Evidence supports the importance of weight and stress management during the reproductive years and the impact of weight on maternal and child health outcomes...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846276/the-prevalence-of-anemia-and-moderate-severe-anemia-in-the-us-population-nhanes-2003-2012
#10
Chi Huu Hong Le
Since anemia is associated with poor health outcomes, the prevalence of anemia is a significant public health indicator. Even though anemia is primarily caused by iron deficiency, low oxygen-carrying capacity may result from other conditions such as chronic diseases, which remain a relevant health concern in the United States. However, studies examining current rates of anemia in the total US population and in more specific subgroups are limited. Data from five National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) from 2003 to 2012 were analyzed to assess two outcomes: anemia and moderate-severe anemia, which were based upon serum hemoglobin levels (Hb) as per World Health Organization (WHO) definitions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836587/hiv-aids-and-contraceptive-use-factors-associated-with-contraceptive-use-among-sexually-active-hiv-positive-women-in-kenya
#11
Monica A Magadi, Winnie A Magadi
OBJECTIVES: With increased availability of anti-retroviral therapy and improved survival for people living with HIV, more HIV-positive women are leading full reproductive lives. However, HIV-positive women have special contraceptive needs/concerns. This paper examines the individual and community-level HIV/AIDS factors associated with contraceptive use and compares predictors of contraceptive uptake between HIV-positive and HIV-negative women in Kenya. STUDY DESIGN: The study is based on secondary analysis of cross-sectional data of a sample of 9132 sexually-active women of reproductive age from the Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys collected in 2003 and 2008...
November 8, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835973/practical-lessons-for-bringing-policy-makers-on-board-in-sexual-and-reproductive-health-research
#12
Aurore Guieu, Wei-Hong Zhang, Yves Lafort, Peter Decat, Sara De Meyer, Shuchen Wang, Birgit Kerstens, Els Duysburgh
BACKGROUND: The need to translate research into policy, i.e. making research findings a driving force in agenda-setting and policy change, is increasingly acknowledged. However, little is known about translation mechanisms in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outside North American or European contexts. This paper seeks to give an overview of the existing knowledge on this topic as well as to document practical challenges and remedies from the perspectives of researchers involved in four SRH research consortium projects in Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa, China and India...
November 11, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833070/a-systematic-review-of-apps-using-mobile-criteria-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-mcapp
#13
Elizabeth Chen, Emily Rose Mangone
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the United States and globally represent a high-risk population for unintended pregnancy, which leads to high social, economic, and health costs. Access to smartphone apps is rapidly increasing among youth, but little is known about the strategies that apps employ to prevent pregnancy among adolescents and young adults. Further, there are no guidelines on best practices for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention through mobile apps. OBJECTIVE: This review developed a preliminary evaluation framework for the assessment of mobile apps for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention and used this framework to assess available apps in the Apple App Store and Google Play that targeted adolescents and young adults with family planning and pregnancy prevention support...
November 10, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827529/a-design-thinking-approach-to-primary-ovarian-insufficiency
#14
Lisa A Martin, Alison G Porter, Vincent A Pelligrini, Peter A Schnatz, Xuezhi Jiang, Nicole Kleinstreuer, Janet E Hall, Sarah Verbiest, Jill Olmstead, Ryan Fair, Alberto Falorni, Luca Persani, Aleksandar Rajkovic, Khanjan Mehta, Lawrence M Nelson
Most clinicians are not prepared to provide integrated personal care to address all the clinical needs of women with primary ovarian insufficiency. Design thinking is an engineering methodology used to develop and evaluate novel concepts for systems operation. Here we articulate the need for a seamlessly integrated mobile health system to support genomic research as well as patient care. We also review the pathophysiology and management of primary ovarian insufficiency. Molecular understanding regarding the pathogenesis is essential to developing strategies for prevention, earlier diagnosis, and appropriate management of the disorder...
November 9, 2016: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826412/a-patient-centred-approach-to-embryo-donation-for-research
#15
EDITORIAL
Catarina Samorinha, Susana Silva
Most couples enrolled in Assisted Reproductive Technologies' (ART) treatments need to make decisions regarding embryo disposition, as they are asked to sign a consent form about embryo donation for research. Beyond the current assessment of patients' individual experiences and levels of satisfaction with care delivery, we argue that it is crucial to provide stakeholders in health systems with feedback on patients' views about legal and regulatory frameworks. Such knowledge will lend credence and robustness to the consent that the couples give, and will contribute to the implementation of informed relational ethics in clinical practice and to improved patient-centredness in the field of ART...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824221/school-based-interventions-for-preventing-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pregnancy-in-adolescents
#16
REVIEW
Amanda J Mason-Jones, David Sinclair, Catherine Mathews, Ashraf Kagee, Alex Hillman, Carl Lombard
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents...
November 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821190/information-about-methods-received-by-contraceptive-users-in-india
#17
Anrudh K Jain
Very little is known, at national and state levels, about how much information women in India are receiving about the method of contraception they are using. The purpose of this study was to fill this gap in knowledge. A Method Information Index (MII) was calculated from the responses of women who started using a modern contraceptive method five years prior to interview, and who were still using it at the time of interview, in the third National Family Health Survey conducted in India in 2005-06. The women were asked whether at the time they initiated contraceptive use they were told about other methods they could use, the side-effects of their selected method and what to do if they experienced these side-effects...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816924/men-s-knowledge-of-their-own-fertility-a-population-based-survey-examining-the-awareness-of-factors-that-are-associated-with-male-infertility
#18
D Daumler, P Chan, K C Lo, J Takefman, P Zelkowitz
STUDY QUESTION: How knowledgeable are men about the medical, environmental and psychological factors that are associated with male infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Men, across most demographic groups, have limited knowledge of the various factors that are associated with male infertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Few surveys have focused on men's knowledge of their own fertility. Studies of both men and women have found that men are comparatively less knowledgeable about issues of fertility and reproductive health...
November 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806041/barriers-facilitators-and-priorities-for-implementation-of-who-maternal-and-perinatal-health-guidelines-in-four-lower-income-countries-a-great-network-research-activity
#19
Joshua P Vogel, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Sobia Khan, Dina N Khan, Atkure Defar, Azmach Hadush, Marta Minwyelet Terefe, Luwam Teshome, Katherine Ba-Thike, Kyu Kyu Than, Ahmad Makuwani, Godfrey Mbaruku, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Kidza Yvonne Mugerwa, Lisa M Puchalski Ritchie, Shusmita Rashid, Sharon E Straus, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: Health systems often fail to use evidence in clinical practice. In maternal and perinatal health, the majority of maternal, fetal and newborn mortality is preventable through implementing effective interventions. To meet this challenge, WHO's Department of Reproductive Health and Research partnered with the Knowledge Translation Program at St. Michael's Hospital (SMH), University of Toronto, Canada to establish a collaboration on knowledge translation (KT) in maternal and perinatal health, called the GREAT Network (Guideline-driven, Research priorities, Evidence synthesis, Application of evidence, and Transfer of knowledge)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787904/an-evaluation-of-the-endocrine-disruptive-potential-of-crude-oil-water-accommodated-fractions-and-crude-oil-contaminated-surface-water-to-freshwater-organisms-using-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-approaches
#20
J Christoff Truter, Johannes H van Wyk, Paul J Oberholster, Anna-Maria Botha, Lucky M Mokwena
Knowledge regarding the potential impacts of crude oil on endocrine signalling in freshwater aquatic vertebrates is limited. In this study, the expression of selected genes as biomarkers for altered endocrine signalling were studied in African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis tadpoles, and juvenile Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus exposed to weathered bunker and un-weathered refinery crude oil water accommodated fractions (WAFs). In addition, the expression of the aforementioned genes was quantified in X...
October 27, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
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