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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905161/retrospective-observation-on-trabeculectomy-of-primary-congenital-glaucoma-by-applying-biological-amniotic-membranes-soaked-with-5-fluorouracil
#1
Chenming Zhang, Jing Wang, Hui Gao, Xiuqin Wang, Min Wu, Bailing Guo, Chunlei Liu, Wei Liu
PURPOSE: To report our experience on treatment of primary congenital glaucoma with trabeculectomy in combination with biological amniotic membranes soaked with 5-fluorouracil. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. Thirty primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) patients (41 eyes) were treated with trabeculectomy in combination with biological amniotic membranes soaked with 5-fluorouracil before operation and followed up for 2.75 ± 1.35 years in average ranging from 1...
September 13, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903452/cytoreductive-surgery-plus-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-improves-survival-for-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-from-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-current-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Chao-Qun Huang, Yao Min, Shu-Yi Wang, Xiao-Jun Yang, Yang Liu, Bin Xiong, Yutaka Yonemura, Yan Li
OBJECTIVES: The therapeutic efficacy of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from colorectal cancer (CRC) is still under debate. This meta-analysis and systematic review of published literature on this comprehensive strategy aims to evaluate its efficacy on CRC patients with PC. METHODS: A systemic review with meta-analysis of published literatures on treatment of CRS plus HIPEC for patients with PC from CRC was performed...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902039/topical-mitomycin-c-application-is-effective-even-in-esophageal-strictures-resistant-to-dilatation-therapy-in-children
#3
Emre Divarci, Ozge Kilic, Zafer Dokumcu, Coskun Ozcan, Ata Erdener
PURPOSE: Several treatment techniques may be used in the treatment of esophageal strictures. The purpose of this study was to present the effects of topical mitomycin C (TMC) as an useful adjunct to dilatation therapy in esophageal strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent TMC between February 2015 and July 2016 was performed. Dysphagia score, periodic dilatation index, and number of dilatations were compared before and after intervention to investigate the efficacy of TMC...
September 8, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901184/ex-vivo-pretreatment-of-islets-with-mitomycin-c-reduction-in-immunogenic-potential-of-islets-by-suppressing-secretion-of-multiple-chemotactic-factors
#4
Naoya Sato, Junichiro Haga, Takayuki Anazawa, Akira Kenjo, Takashi Kimura, Ikuo Wada, Tsutomu Mori, Shigeru Marubashi, Mitsukazu Gotoh
Strategies to reduce the immunogenicity of pancreatic islets and to prevent the activation of proinflammatory events are essential for successful islet engraftment. Pretransplant islet culture presents an opportunity for preconditioning to improve outcomes of islet transplantation. We previously demonstrated that ex vivo mitomycin C (MMC) pretreatment and subsequent culture significantly prolonged graft survival. Fully understanding the biological process of pretreatment could result in the development of a protocol to improve the survival of islet grafts...
August 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898915/-current-therapies-in-superficial-malignant-tumors
#5
Simone Luisa Scholz, Anja Eckstein, Dirk Dekowski, Joachim Esser, Henrike Westekemper, Klaus P Steuhl
This article is a review of diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities in common epibulbar malignant tumors, such as basal cell carcinoma, conjunctival lymphoma, squamous cell carcinoma and conjunctival melanoma. Most importantly, for every tumor patient there is a detailed anamnesis, split lamp examination and photo documentation. Further regular controls after therapy are required due to the risk of recurrences.Basal cell carcinoma is the most common tumor of the periocular skin, divided into three subtypes (nodular, superficial and morphea)...
September 12, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898400/intravesical-electromotive-drug-administration-for-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Jae Hung Jung, Ahmet Gudeloglu, Halil Kiziloz, Gretchen M Kuntz, Alea Miller, Badrinath R Konety, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: Electromotive drug administration (EMDA) is the use of electrical current to improve the delivery of intravesical agents to reduce the risk of recurrence in people with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). It is unclear how effective this is in comparison to other forms of intravesical therapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of intravesical EMDA for the treatment of NMIBC. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search using multiple databases (CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE), two clinical trial registries and a grey literature repository...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893059/dosimetric-advantages-and-clinical-outcomes-of-simultaneous-integrated-boost-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-anal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Katsuyuki Sakanaka, Satoshi Itasaka, Yuichi Ishida, Kota Fujii, Takahiro Horimatsu, Takashi Mizowaki, Yoshiharu Sakai, Masahiro Hiraoka
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the dosimetric difference between simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy (SIB-IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT), and the clinical outcomes of anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) chemoradiotherapy featuring SIB-IMRT. Materials and Methods: This study included ten patients with ASCC who underwent chemoradiotherapy using SIB-IMRT with 5-fluorouracil and mitomycin C. SIB-IMRT delivered 54 Gy to each primary tumor plus metastatic lymph nodes and 45 Gy to regional lymph nodes, in 30 fractions...
September 15, 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886275/preclinical-rationale-for-combination-of-crizotinib-with-mitomycin-c-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-colorectal-cancer
#8
Avital Lev, Safoora Deihimi, Elena Shagisultanova, Joanne Xiu, Amriti R Lulla, David T Dicker, Wafik S El-Deiry
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. We analyzed 26 MSI-High and 558 non-MSI-High CRC tumors. BRCA2 mutations were highly enriched (50%) in MSI-High CRC. Immunohistochemistry showed that BRCA2-mutated MSI-High CRC had high c-MET (64%) expression compared to BRCA-WT (17%). We hypothesized a mechanistic link between BRCA2-deficiency and c-MET overexpression and synergistic interaction between drugs that treat BRCA-deficient tumors (mitomycin C (MMC) or PARP inhibitors) and c-MET inhibitors (crizotinib)...
September 8, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885607/same-site-surgical-revision-of-failed-trabeculectomy-blebs-with-mitomycin-c-augmentation-long-term-follow-up
#9
E Nikita, I Murdoch
PurposeTo determine the long-term outcomes of same-site revision of failed filtering blebs with mitomycin C application.Patients and methodsNoncomparative retrospective case series of 45 eyes of 39 patients. Main outcome measures were surgical success (≤21, ≤18, and ≤16 mm Hg reduction in intraocular pressure (IOP)). Other outcome measures included best-corrected visual acuity (VA), visual field loss, number of glaucoma medications, need for further interventions, time from surgery to recommencement of medications or interventions, and complications...
September 8, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882769/adjuvant-hepatic-artery-infusion-chemotherapy-after-hemihepatectomy-for-gastric-cancer-liver-metastases
#10
Yasuyuki Fukami, Yuji Kaneoka, Atsuyuki Maeda, Yuichi Takayama, Takamasa Takahashi, Masahito Uji, Takashi Kumada
BACKGROUND: The most frequent pattern of recurrence is remnant liver after hepatectomy for gastric cancer liver metastases (GLM). The evidence of adjuvant hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) after hepatectomy for GLM is lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant HAIC after hemihepatectomy for GLM. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2012, 14 patients who underwent hemihepatectomy for GLM were included in this study. Adjuvant HAIC to the remnant hemiliver was the FEM regimen (333 mg/m(2) 5-fluorouracil each week, 30 mg/m(2) epirubicin once every 4 weeks, and 2...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880439/complete-response-in-a-patient-with-stage-iv-adrenocortical-carcinoma-treated-with-adjuvant-trans-catheter-arterial-chemo-embolization-tace
#11
Eugene Wong, Sarah Jacques, Michael Bennett, Vineet Gorolay, Adrian Lee, Stephen Clarke
Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare cancer, with estimate population incidence of 0.7-2.0 cases per 1 million each year. It also carries poor prognosis with estimated 5-year survival of less than 15% of those with metastatic disease and has a poor response to cytotoxic treatment. A randomized controlled trial published in 2012 by Fassnacht et al. demonstrated improved progression-free survival with first-line etoposide-doxirubicin-cisplatin-mitotane (EDP-M) compared to first-line streptozocin-mitotane in patients with stage III-IV disease...
September 6, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873947/first-report-of-sasx-positive-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-japan
#12
Hidemasa Nakaminami, Teruyo Ito, Xiao Han, Ayumu Ito, Miki Matsuo, Yuki Uehara, Tadashi Baba, Keiichi Hiramatsu, Norihisa Noguchi
SasX is a known virulence factor of Staphylococcus aureus involved in colonisation and immune evasion of the bacterium. The sasX gene, which is located on the ϕSPβ prophage, is frequently found in the sequence type (ST) 239 S. aureus lineage, which is the predominant healthcare-associated clone in Asian countries. In Japan, ST239 clones have rarely been identified, and sasX-positive strains have not been reported to date. Here, we report the first identification of 18 sasX-positive methicillin-resistant S...
September 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871988/bladder-preserving-therapy-patterns-of-care-a-survey-of-us-radiation-oncologists
#13
Abhishek A Solanki, Brendan Martin, Mark Korpics, Christina Small, Matthew M Harkenrider, Timur Mitin
PURPOSE: Clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of bladder-preserving chemoradiation therapy (BPT) in muscle-invasive bladder cancer but have differed in the radiation therapy dose/fractionations, radiation therapy targets, and concurrent chemotherapy regimens used. No data exist on the technical and practical approaches actually used in clinical practice throughout the United States when delivering BPT. We performed a survey to explore radiation oncologists' practice patterns...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867446/european-association-of-urology-guidelines-on-upper-urinary-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-2017-update
#14
Morgan Rouprêt, Marko Babjuk, Eva Compérat, Richard Zigeuner, Richard J Sylvester, Maximilian Burger, Nigel C Cowan, Paolo Gontero, Bas W G Van Rhijn, A Hugh Mostafid, Joan Palou, Shahrokh F Shariat
CONTEXT: The European Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines Panel on Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Carcinoma (UTUC) has prepared updated guidelines to aid clinicians in the current evidence-based management of UTUC and to incorporate recommendations into clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the EAU guidelines on UTUC as an aid to clinicians. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The recommendations provided in the current guidelines are based on a thorough review of available UTUC guidelines and articles identified following a systematic search of Medline...
August 31, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866044/investigation-of-the-preventive-effect-of-sijunzi-decoction-on-mitomycin-c-induced-immunotoxicity-in-rats-by-1-h-nmr-and-ms-based-untargeted-metabolomic-analysis
#15
Zhibo Guan, Juan Wu, Cancan Wang, Fang Zhang, Yinan Wang, Miao Wang, Min Zhao, Chunjie Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sijunzi decoction (SJZD) is a well known traditional Chinese prescription used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders and immunity enhancement. It has been found to indeed improve life quality of chemotherapy patients and extensive used in clinical conbined with chemotherapeutics for the treatment of cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the preventive effect of the immunotoxicity of SJZD on mitomycin C (MMC) and the metabolic mechanism of action...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863940/new-mcm8-mutation-associated-with-premature-ovarian-insufficiency-and-chromosomal-instability-in-a-highly-consanguineous-tunisian-family
#16
Nouha Bouali, Bruno Francou, Jérôme Bouligand, Dilek Imanci, Sarra Dimassi, Lucie Tosca, Monia Zaouali, Soumaya Mougou, Jacques Young, Ali Saad, Anne Guiochon-Mantel
OBJECTIVE: To identify the gene(s) involved in the etiology of premature ovarian insufficiency in a highly consanguineous Tunisian family. DESIGN: Genetic analysis of a large consanguineous family with several affected siblings. SETTING: University hospital-based cytogenetics and molecular genetics laboratories. PATIENT(S): A highly consanguineous Tunisian family with several affected siblings born to healthy second-degree cousins...
August 29, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860912/causes-of-unsatisfactory-results-of-the-use-of-mitomycin-c-in-endoscopic-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy
#17
E L Atkova, A A Fedorov, A O Root, S D Iartsev, N N Krakhovetsky, V D Yartsev
PURPOSE: To study the antifibrotic effectiveness of mitomycin-C in the tissues of the ostium site after it application for endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 45 patients (48 cases) with primary obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct. All patients underwent endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EEDCR). At the final stage of the operation, a swab with MMC was placed in the region of the formed ostium at a concentration of 0...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860714/sensitization-of-gastric-cancer-cells-to-alkylating-agents-by-glaucocalyxin-b-via-cell-cycle-arrest-and-enhanced-cell-death
#18
Muhammad Saif Ur Rahman, Ling Zhang, Lingyan Wu, Yuqiong Xie, Chunchun Li, Jiang Cao
Severe side effects are major problems with chemotherapy of gastric cancer (GC). These side effects can be reduced by using sensitizing agents in combination with therapeutic drugs. In this study, the low/nontoxic dosage of glaucocalyxin B (GLB) was used with other DNA linker agents mitomycin C (MMC), cisplatin (DDP), or cyclophosphamide (CTX) to treat GC cells. Combined effectiveness of GLB with drugs was determined by proliferation assay. The molecular mechanisms associated with cell proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle, DNA repair/replication, apoptosis, and autophagy were investigated by immunoblotting for key proteins involved...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860697/ptosis-after-glaucoma-surgery
#19
Abraham J Park, Babak Eliassi-Rad, Manishi A Desai
PURPOSE: Evaluate factors contributing to ptosis after glaucoma surgery. METHODS: Three-year retrospective chart review from January 1, 2012, to January 1, 2015, 157 eyes, 3 surgeons, at Boston Medical Center, to determine the incidence of ptosis and the effects of each variable contributing to ptosis at 3 months after surgery. Each variable was analyzed using the chi-square or independent samples t-test analysis to determine statistical significance of ptosis compared with above variables...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858961/short-term-results-of-trabeculectomy-using-adjunctive-intracameral-bevacizumab-versus-mitomycin-c-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Zakieh Vahedian, Mostafa Mafi, Ghasem Fakhraie, Reza Zarei, Yadollah Eslami, Hadi Ghadimi, Masomeh Mohebbi
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of trabeculectomy using adjunctive intracameral bevacizumab versus intraoperative mitomycin C (MMC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial 87 eyes of 87 patients with primary open-angle or pseudoexfoliation glaucoma were assigned to each treatment group (44 cases received 1.25 mg intracameral bevacizumab at the end of operation and in 43 cases MMC was applied during surgery). Success was defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) between 6 and 21 mm Hg and at least 30% IOP drop with (qualified) or without (complete) glaucoma medications without additional glaucoma surgery...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
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