keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mitomycin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429128/endophthalmitis-associated-with-purpureocillium-lilacinum-during-infliximab-treatment-for-surgically-induced-necrotizing-scleritis-successfully-treated-with-27-gauge-vitrectomy
#1
Masaaki Yoshida, Shunji Yokokura, Hiroshi Kunikata, Naoko Takada, Kazuichi Maruyama, Masahiro Toyokawa, Kazushi Kashio, Mitsuo Kaku, Toru Nakazawa
PURPOSE: To report a case of endophthalmitis associated with Purpureocillium lilacinum (P. lilacinum) during infliximab treatment for surgically induced necrotizing scleritis, successfully treated with 27-gauge vitrectomy. METHODS: A single case report. RESULTS: A 71-year-old man who had undergone immunosuppressive therapy, including infliximab, for surgically induced necrotizing scleritis (SINS) in his left eye complained of visual disturbance and eye pain in the eye...
April 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425184/enantioselective-synthesis-of-mitomycin%C3%A2-k-by-a-palladium-catalyzed-oxidative-tandem-cyclization
#2
Qiang-Shuai Gu, Dan Yang
The mitomycins, a family of bioactive natural products, feature a compact 6/5/5-fused polycyclic ring structure densely decorated with highly reactive and/or fragile quinone, amino ketal, and aziridine as well as carbamate moieties. It is this striking feature that has defeated numerous synthetic attempts towards these apparently small molecules, rendering them one of the most formidable targets for total synthesis. We herein report the first enantioselective synthesis of (+)-mitomycin K, a representative of G series mitomycins...
April 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406993/topical-and-systemic-immunoreaction-triggered-by-intravesical-chemotherapy-in-an-n-butyl-n-4-hydroxybutyl-nitorosamine-induced-bladder-cancer-mouse-model
#3
Shunta Hori, Makito Miyake, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Sayuri Onishi, Yosuke Morizawa, Yasushi Nakai, Nobumichi Tanaka, Kiyohide Fujimoto
Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) treatment is the most common therapy to prevent progression and recurrence of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Although the immunoreaction elicited by BCG treatment is well documented, those induced by intravesical treatment with chemotherapeutic agents are much less known. We investigated the immunological profiles caused by mitomycin C, gemcitabine, adriamycin and docetaxel in the N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine (BBN)-induced orthotopic bladder cancer mouse model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405683/bladder-intracavitary-hyperthermic-perfusion-chemotherapy-for-the-prevention-of-recurrence-of-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-after-transurethral-resection
#4
Mingchen Ba, Shuzhong Cui, Bin Wang, Hui Long, Zhaofei Yan, Shuai Wang, Yinbing Wu, Yuanfeng Gong
Preventing the recurrence of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) post-transurethral resection (TUR) remains challenging. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of bladder intracavitary hyperthermic perfusion chemotherapy (BHPC) for prevention of NMIBC recurrence post-TUR. Between December 2006 and December 2014, 53 patients with NMIBC who underwent TUR were randomly assigned to receive BHPC (BHPC group, 28 patients) or intravesical chemotherapy alone (chemotherapy group, 25 patients) at the Intracelom Hyperthermic Perfusion Therapy Center of Guangzhou Medical University Cancer Hospital (Guangzhou, China)...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400372/risk-factors-for-bleb-related-infection-following-trabeculectomy-surgery-ocular-surface-findings-a-case-control-study
#5
Poornima A Rai, Keith Barton, Ian E Murdoch
PURPOSE: Bleb-related infection (BRI) is a devastating complication of trabeculectomy surgery. The aim of this study was to identify ocular risk factors for BRI with specific emphasis on ocular surface parameters. It has been suggested that the frequency has increased since the introduction of antimetabolites, particularly mitomycin C. DESIGN: A case-control study. METHOD: A clinical study of BRI following trabeculectomy surgery to investigate risk factors by documenting historical data review from patients records, self-reported questionnaire specific to ocular surface symptoms and a repeat detailed clinical examination of the lid, ocular surface and tear film...
October 18, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399343/pharmacotherapy-and-immunotherapy-of-conjunctival-tumors
#6
Edoardo Midena, Luisa Frizziero, Raffaele Parrozzani
Conjunctiva and cornea tumors represent a large spectrum of conditions ranging from benign lesions to aggressive and life-threatening malignancies. Topical pharmacotherapies and immunotherapies have recently acquired a relevant role in the management of conjunctival tumors and, in the past 2 decades, there has been a shift from surgery alone toward the use of these agents, both as a sole therapy or as adjunct to surgery (before or after surgery). The 3 main agents that have been used for topical medical treatment of conjunctival tumors are mitomycin-C, 5-fluorouracil, and interferon-α2b...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395914/structurally-and-functionally-characterized-in-vitro-model-of-rabbit-vocal-fold-epithelium
#7
Masanobu Mizuta, Takashi Kurita, Emily E Kimball, Bernard Rousseau
In this paper, we describe a method for primary culture of a well differentiated electrically tight rabbit vocal fold epithelial cell multilayer and the measurement of transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) for the evaluation of epithelial barrier function in vitro. Rabbit larynges were harvested and enzymatically treated to isolate vocal fold epithelial cells and to establish primary culture. Vocal fold epithelial cells were co-cultured with mitomycin C-treated feeder cells on collagen-coated plates...
March 24, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392938/effect-of-mitomycin-c-on-myopic-versus-astigmatic-photorefractive-keratectomy
#8
Ashwag A Almosa, Samah M Fawzy
Purpose. Long-term mitomycin C (MMC) effects on photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) were compared in simple myopic and astigmatic patients. Methods. In this observational cohort study, subjects were selected based on preoperative and postoperative data collected from medical records; they were divided into simple myopia with/without MMC and myopic astigmatism with/without MMC groups. Haze, uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), subjective refraction, and K-reading were evaluated at 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391506/inactivation-of-genes-involved-in-base-excision-repair-of-corynebacterium-glutamicum-and-survival-of-the-mutants-in-presence-of-various-mutagens
#9
Fabiola Kautzmann, Josef Altenbuchner
Base Excision Repair (BER) is considered as the most active DNA repair pathway in vivo, which is initiated by recognition of the nucleotide lesions and excision of the damaged DNA base. The genome of Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 contains various DNA glycosylases encoding genes (ung, fpg/mutM, tagI, alkA, mutY), two AP-endonuclease encoding genes (nei and nth) and an exonuclease encoding gene xth. To investigate the role of these genes during DNA repair in C. glutamicum, mutants with deletions of one or more genes in BER pathway were created...
April 8, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389159/validation-of-the-ezrin-ck20-and-ki-67-as-potential-predictive-markers-for-bcg-instillation-therapy-of-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#10
Per-Uno Malmström, Tammer Hemdan, Ulrika Segersten
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to try to validate 3 promising predictive biomarkers in a database based on prospective trials comparing bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) with mitomycin-C and a combination of epirubicin and interferon, respectively. BACKGROUND: The most common form of bladder cancer is non-muscle-invasive tumors treated initially with transurethral resection. Unfortunately more than half recur and some also progress. Consequently, an attempt to prevent poor outcome is frequently made by intravesical instillations either by chemo- or immunotherapy...
April 4, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380098/algorithm-approach-for-revision-surgery-following-late-onset-bleb-complications-after-trabeculectomy-long-term-follow-up
#11
Claudio I Perez, María J Oportus, Felipe Mellado, Felipe Valenzuela, Cristián Cartes, Daniela López-Ponce, Daniela Salinas-Toro, Remigio López-Solís, Leonidas Traipe
Purpose: The aim of this study was to introduce a reproducible algorithm for the surgical management of late-onset (>2 months) bleb complications after trabeculectomy with mitomycin C. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of eyes treated using a reproducible algorithm approach by a single surgeon for the surgical management of late-onset bleb complications from July 2006 to April 2014. Exclusion criteria were bleb revision with less than 3 months of follow-up or bleb revision combined with other glaucoma procedures at the time of surgery...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376714/runx1-induces-dna-replication-independent-of-active-dna-demethylation-at-spi1-regulatory-regions
#12
Shubham Goyal, Takahiro Suzuki, Jing-Ru Li, Shiori Maeda, Mami Kishima, Hajime Nishimura, Yuri Shimizu, Harukazu Suzuki
BACKGROUND: SPI1 is an essential transcription factor (TF) for the hematopoietic lineage, in which its expression is tightly controlled through a -17-kb upstream regulatory region and a promoter region. Both regulatory regions are demethylated during hematopoietic development, although how the change of DNA methylation status is performed is still unknown. RESULTS: We found that the ectopic overexpression of RUNX1 (another key TF in hematopoiesis) in HEK-293T cells induces almost complete DNA demethylation at the -17-kb upstream regulatory region and partial but significant DNA demethylation at the proximal promoter region...
April 4, 2017: BMC Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369000/initial-trabeculectomy-with-mitomycin-c-for-secondary-glaucoma-associated-with-uveitis-in-beh%C3%A3-et-disease-patients
#13
Keiko Komae, Mitsuko Takamoto, Rie Tanaka, Makoto Aihara, Kazuyoshi Ohtomo, Kimiko Okinaga, Junko Matsuda, Hisae Nakahara, Yujiro Fujino, Toshikatsu Kaburaki
PURPOSE: To examine clinical outcomes following an initial trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C for secondary glaucoma associated with uveitis in Behçet disease (BD) patients. DESIGN: Retrospective interventional case series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two eyes in 18 patients with uveitic glaucoma (UG) associated with Behçet disease who underwent an initial trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C between January 1996 and August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365962/outcomes-of-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-for-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-of-appendiceal-origin-from-two-indian-centers-a-preliminary-five-year-experience
#14
Aditi Bhatt, Deepak Sheshadri, Garud Chandan, Veena Ramaswamy, Jeegeshwar Pandey, Nitin Bhorkar, Deepesh Agrawal, Sanket Mehta
PURPOSE: To evaluate the short-term outcomes of patients of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) of appendiceal origin treated with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) at two tertiary Indian centers. METHODS: Data was prospectively collected from January 2011 to January 2016. Palliative procedures were excluded. HIPEC was performed by the coliseum technique using either a mitomycin or oxaliplatin-based regimen. RESULTS: 77 procedures were performed on 71 patients...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364121/local-delivery-of-novel-mrtf-srf-inhibitors-prevents-scar-tissue-formation-in-a-preclinical-model-of-fibrosis
#15
Cynthia Yu-Wai-Man, Bradley Spencer-Dene, Richard M H Lee, Kim Hutchings, Erika M Lisabeth, Richard Treisman, Maryse Bailly, Scott D Larsen, Richard R Neubig, Peng T Khaw
The myocardin-related transcription factor/serum response factor (MRTF/SRF) pathway represents a promising therapeutic target to prevent fibrosis. We have tested the effects of new pharmacological inhibitors of MRTF/SRF signalling in a preclinical model of fibrosis. CCG-222740, a novel MRTF/SRF inhibitor, markedly decreased SRF reporter gene activity and showed a greater inhibitory effect on MRTF/SRF target genes than the previously described MRTF-A inhibitor CCG-203971. CCG-222740 was also five times more potent, with an IC50 of 5 μM, in a fibroblast-mediated collagen contraction assay, was less cytotoxic, and a more potent inhibitor of alpha-smooth muscle actin protein expression than CCG-203971...
March 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363499/expression-and-secretory-profile-of-buffalo-fetal-fibroblasts-and-wharton-s-jelly-feeder-layers
#16
Mehtab S Parmar, Smruti Ranjan Mishra, Anjali Somal, Sriti Pandey, G Sai Kumar, Mihir Sarkar, Vikash Chandra, G Taru Sharma
The present study examined the comparative expression and secretory profile of vital signaling molecules in buffalo fetal fibroblasts (BFF) and Wharton's jelly (BWJ) feeder layers at different passages. Both feeder layers were expanded up to 8th passage. Signaling molecules viz. bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) and pluripotency-associated transcriptional factors (POU5F1, SOX2, NANOG, KLF4, MYC and FOXD3) were immunolocalized in the both feeder types...
March 12, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363073/the-management-of-an-oral-anaplastic-sarcoma-in-a-pygmy-hippopotamus-choeropsis-liberiensis-using-intralesional-chemotherapy
#17
Lydia H V Franklinos, Nicholas Masters, Yedra Feltrer, Ann Pocknell, David M Bolt, Stephanie Dakin, Karla Berry, Fieke M Molenaar
An adult female captive pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) was diagnosed with an oral anaplastic sarcoma. The tumor was surgically debulked and intralesional chemotherapy with mitomycin C (0.4 mg/cm(3) of tumor) and cisplatin (1 mg/cm(3) of tumor) was administered. Chemotherapeutic treatment proved difficult due to the risks of repeated anesthetics and unknown drug efficacies. Marked proliferation of the mass was observed during estrus, and chemotherapy was repeated as an experimental treatment to slow tumor progression in order for the animal to remain in the species breeding program...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355171/glaucoma-mini-shunt-implantation-after-keratoplasty
#18
Jasbeth Ledesma-Gil, María de Los Ángeles García-Rodríguez, Lulu U Gurria, Enrique O Graue-Hernández, Alejandro Navas
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of patients who underwent miniature glaucoma shunt implantation after secondary glaucoma due to keratoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive clinical cases who underwent mini-glaucoma shunt implantation following keratoplasty. In brief, a fornix-based conjunctival flap was performed, approximately 50% thickness scleral flap. Mitomycin C 0.025% placed under Tenon's capsule. A 25-G needle created entry for mini-shunt...
April 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350652/role-of-mitomycin-c-in-preventing-capsular-contracture-in-implant-based-reconstructive-breast-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Maurizio Bruno Nava, Nicola Rocco, Giuseppe Catanuto, Joanna Frangou, Corrado Rispoli, Joseph Ottolenghi, Novella Bruno, Andrea Spano
BACKGROUND: Capsular contracture represents the most frequent complication after implant-based breast reconstruction. An experimental study on mice demonstrated that capsule formation around breast implants is considerably diminished after topical application of mitomycin C. The authors conducted a randomized controlled clinical trial investigating the efficacy of mitomycin C in reducing capsular contracture rates following implant-based breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348884/xen-glaucoma-implant-with-mitomycin-c-1-year-follow-up-result-and-complications
#20
Ahmed Galal, Alper Bilgic, Rasha Eltanamly, Amr Osman
Purpose. To evaluate gel microstent (XEN, Aquesys, Inc) for treatment of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods. In this prospective interventional study, 13 eyes with POAG underwent XEN implantation with subconjunctival mitomycin-C. Of those eyes, 3 were pseudophakic and 10 underwent simultaneous phacoemulsification and XEN. Patients had uncontrolled IOP, had intolerance to therapy, or had maximal therapy but undergoing cataract extraction. Follow-up visits included IOP, number of medications, vision, and complications and lasted for 1 year...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
6805
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"