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Şivge Kurgan, Shevali Kansal, Daniel Nguyen, Danielle Stephens, Yannis Koroneos, Hatice Hasturk, Thomas E Van Dyke, Alpdogan Kantarci
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil function is critical for the initiation and progression of infecto-inflammatory diseases. Key quorum-sensing plaque bacteria such as Fusobacterium nucleatum act as bridging species between early and late colonizer pathogens such as Porphyromonas gingivalis as the biofilm ages and periodontal inflammation increases. This study was designed to determine the impact of different F. nucleatum strains on neutrophil function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HL-60 cells were differentiated into neutrophil-like cells and cultured with F...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Sergiana Barbosa Nogueira, Francisco Lucas Vasconcelos Mendes, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Maria Mônica Studart Mendes Moreira, Geanne Matos de Andrade, Rosimary de Sousa Carvalho
There is significant evidence linking chronic periodontitis (CP) and oxidative stress (OS). CP is a multifactorial infecto-inflammatory disease caused by the interaction of microbial agents present in the biofilm associated with host susceptibility and environmental factors. OS is a condition that arises when there is an imbalance between the levels of free radicals (FR) and its antioxidant defences. Antioxidants, defined as substances that are able to delay or prevent the oxidation of a substrate, exist in all bodily tissues and fluids, and their function is to protect against FR...
September 2015: Archives of Oral Biology
Jeane Jeong Hoon Yang, Dalila Filomena Mohallem, Thaís Abrão Cardoso, Cristiano Luiz Horta de Lima Júnior, Antonio Jose Tebcherani, Maria do Rosário Vidigal
Hansen's disease is a chronic infecto-contagious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The bacillus prefers low-temperature areas and the nose is usually the initial site of lesions. Transmission of the bacilli occurs by nasal and oropharyngeal secretions, and through solutions of continuity of the skin and/or mucosae. Nasal manifestations are found in the later stages of the disease.
September 2014: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Juan P Alzate-Granados, Nubia F Sánchez-Bello, Ana C Amaya-Arias, Fernando Peralta-Pizza, Javier Eslava-Schmalbach
OBJECTIVE: Syphilis is a systemic, infecto-contagious, sexually-transmitted disease caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum. Interventions reducing congenital syphilis incidence represent two of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Diagnostic and treatment methods are available for managing congenital syphilis; even so, variations occur in seroprevalence and the number of annual cases worldwide, so the situation continues to be worrying. This study was aimed at describing disparities per department regarding congenital syphilis incidence in Colombia from 2005 to 2011...
October 2012: Revista de Salud Pública
(no author information available yet)
Oncologic patients are more exposed to infecto-contagious diseases (produced by bacteria, virus, fungi, and parasites) related to the own oncologic disease and chemotherapy. Neutropenia is frequent and directly related with infection risk. Approximately, 80% of patients with an absolute neutrophil count < 500 will have a febrile episode, and 20% of those with a count < 100 will have bacteremia and increased risk of infections. Patient categorization, search for organisms through conventional and biomolecular techniques, plus adequate antiinfectious treatment, directly impact on morbidity and mortality...
April 2010: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Lília Iêda Chaves Cavalcante, Celina Maria Colino Magalhães, Fernando Augusto Ramos Pontes
This article discusses aspects of health and disease processes among children attended in a child shelter of the city of Belém between 2004 and 2005. The data were collected from documental sources and through interviews with technicians of the institution. From a total of 287 children, 49.47% presented diseases, deficiencies and injuries when being admitted to the shelter, probably associated to the situation of poverty and negligence they were exposed to since they were born. During their permanence in the shelter, it was verified that the children contracted infecto-contagious diseases (42...
March 2009: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Marcos A Pesquero, Jales Elias Filho, Lílian C Carneiro, Sarah B Feitosa, Marcos A C Oliveira, Rosângela C Quintana
The external ant community of Hospital Municipal de Morrinhos, in Morrinhos, Goiás State, was characterized by the low rates of richness, diversity, dominance and equity of species abundance. Pheidole sp.1, a polygynic species was numerically dominant in this environment, although it coexists with potentially competitive species. This ant species prevailed within all hospital departments and its space-time distribution was a little aggregated (variance/mean ratio = 1.102, chi2 = 29.38, P < 0.01). Escherichia, Salmonella, Aeromonas, Enterococcus, Staphylococcus and Klebsiella were the bacteria associated to this ant species in nearly all hospital annexes...
July 2008: Neotropical Entomology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 1965: La Semaine des Hôpitaux: Organe Fondé Par L'Association D'enseignement Médical des Hôpitaux de Paris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1961: Revista de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
J Kumate
Infecto-contagious diseases in the twenty-first century with respect to precedent will see themselves deprived of smallpox, dracunculiasis and very probably of paralyzing poliomyelitis. Vaccination-preventable diseases, such as measles, whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus, rabies, some forms of meningitis, yellow fever and episodes of disseminated tuberculosis will greatly diminish in their rates of morbi-lethality; the elimination of some, and the eradication of measles, are expected. Other diseases such as diarrhea (including cholera), geo-helminthiasis, some severe respiratory tract infections and the majority of vector-transmitted infectious diseases will decrease due to improvements in potable water services, drainage, sanitary food control, living quarters, and individual and community anti-vector action...
1997: Archives of Medical Research
G Do Carmo, J Abreu, J Janz
The authors carried out this work with the purpose both of verifying the present importance of penicillin G for the treatment of pneumococcal meningitis and of comparing it with the clinical effectiveness of other medicines presently available for the same purpose. They have studied 27 patients with clinical and laboratory diagnosis of pneumococcal meningitis and which were admitted in the "Serviço de Infecto-Contagiosos" of Santa Maria Hospital, Lisbon, for the period from 1.1.81 until 31.05.86. Of these patients 18 were males and 9 females, ranging from 8 to 80 years old...
June 1987: Pathologie-biologie
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