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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618456/mechanisms-underlying-acute-angle-closure
#1
EDITORIAL
Monisha E Nongpiur, Tin Aung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617521/regular-versus-releasable-sutures-in-surgery-for-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#2
Nader H Bayoumi
PURPOSE: To compare releasable and regular sutures in combined angle and filtering surgery for primary congenital glaucoma. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 39 eyes (26 right eyes) of 39 children (20 boys; 19 girls) who had primary congenital glaucoma treated with combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with mitomycin C and scleral flap closure with regular or releasable sutures. Follow-up was 24 months. Success rates (defined as an intraocular pressure [IOP] < 16 mm Hg without hypotony-related complications and/or lack of IOP-related progression of the disease) were studied and complications were noted...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611650/anterior-360%C3%A2-synechiolysis-in-a-case-of-late-iridocorneal-adhesions-after-25-g-vitrectomy-surgical-and-physiopathogenetic-aspects
#3
Raffaele Nuzzi, Francesca Monteu
We describe the case of an 86-year-old patient, pseudophakic in both eyes and with high myopia, who had previously had a 25-G vitrectomy with 20% C3F8 used as a tamponade due to a total retinal detachment with choroidal hemorrhages and macular hole. At the postoperative 4-month follow-up, we found 360° iridocorneal synechiae with elevated intraocular pressure due to angle closure in all sectors, with an adherent retina and in the absence of choroidal hemorrhage/detachment and of corneal edema or endothelial damage...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611163/angle-closure-as-a-cause-for-intermittent-headache-in-a-child
#4
Nuno Pinto Ferreira, Joana Medeiros Pinto, Filomena Pinto, Luis Abegão Pinto
Angle closure is usually associated with older patients, as it typically manifests in middle to later life, being associated with an age-related increased lens volume. However, angle closure can occur in any age group if there is an anatomical predisposition that promotes pupillary block or an anterior pulling of the iris. During an acute angle closure, patients generally experience ocular pain, headache, nausea, vomiting and conjunctival hyperaemia. These attacks can be misinterpreted as migraine, particularly if subacute or chronic and the demographic characteristics of the patient do not suggest a primary angle closure event...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611131/a-retrospective-study-on-the-incidence-of-post-cataract-surgery-descemet-s-membrane-detachment-and-outcome-of-air-descemetopexy
#5
Annamalai Odayappan, Narayana Shivananda, Seema Ramakrishnan, Tiruvengada Krishnan, Sivagami Nachiappan, Smitha Krishnamurthy
PURPOSE: To study the anatomic and functional outcome of air descemetopexy in postcataract surgery Descemet's membrane detachment (DMD). DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Setting: Institutional. STUDY POPULATION: Records of 112 patients who underwent air descemetopexy for postcataract surgery sight-threatening DMD at Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, between January 2013 and December 2015 were studied. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anatomical outcome refers to reattachment of the Descemet's membrane (DM)...
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608150/-arthroscopy-of-the-proximal-interphalangeal-joint
#6
N Borisch
OBJECTIVE: Pain reduction in the affected proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP joint) by synovectomy, loose body extraction, dorsal arthrolysis. INDICATIONS: Therapy-resistant synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), early stage primary and secondary degenerative arthritis, loose bodies, capsular contracture. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Established biomechanic changes in RA (boutonniere and swanneck deformity). Large dorsal synovial cysts. Advanced radiologic changes in degenerative arthritis...
June 12, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607771/retrospective-study-of-vitreous-tap-technique-using-needle-aspiration-for-management-of-shallow-anterior-chamber-during-phacoemulsification
#7
Ashraf Ahmed Nossair, Wael Ahmed Ewais, Lamia Samy Ali
PURPOSE: To evaluate the technique of vitreous tap using needle aspiration for management of anterior chamber shallowness during phacoemulsification. METHODS: A retrospective study included 26 eyes of 17 patients who underwent phacoemulsification in which vitreous tap was performed using a 27-gauge needle attached to a 5 ml syringe, inserted 3.5 mm from the limbus to aspirate 0.2 ml of liquefied vitreous if a cohesive (OVD) failed to sufficiently deepen the anterior chamber...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600588/-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-lateral-tibial-plateau-fractures-with-free-subchondral-2-7%C3%A2-mm-screws
#8
M Reul, F Johnscher, S Nijs, H Hoekstra
OBJECTIVES: Exact reconstruction of the depressed articular surface and stable subchondral fixation of the lateral tibial plateau (ORIF, "open reduction and internal fixation"). INDICATIONS: Tibial plateau fractures with involvement of the lateral column and depression of the articular surface. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Critical soft tissue. Severe osteoporosis. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Supine position, classical anterolateral approach, lateral submeniscal arthrotomy, visualisation of the fracture, osteotomy of the lateral tibial condyle...
June 9, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586796/functional-activity-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-2-and-9-in-tears-of-patients-with-glaucoma
#9
Prity Sahay, Aparna Rao, Debananda Padhy, Sarada Sarangi, Gopinath Das, Mamatha M Reddy, Rahul Modak
Purpose: To evaluate the differential expression of tear matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) 2 and 9 in of patients with various forms of glaucoma. Methods: Tear samples were collected with a Schirmer's strip from 148 eyes of 113 patients (medically naïve patients with primary open-angle [POAG] or angle closure glaucoma [PACG] and those with pseudoexfoliation syndrome [PXF] or glaucoma [PXG]). These were compared to patients undergoing cataract surgery (controls) for this cross-sectional study...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584204/decision-making-impairments-in-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-patients
#10
Hui Pu, Yong Wang, Qiang Wei, Hui-Juan Ma, Pan-Pan Hu, Shou-Ling Li, Hong-Bo Pang, Yang-Hua Tian, Kai Wang
BACKGROUND: Primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) is a common eye disease and a common cause of blindness. Inappropriate medical decisions severely affect the prognosis. This study investigated decision-making under risk in PACG patients. METHODS: Thirty patients with first acute attack of PACG before surgery and thirty healthy controls were included in the study. Decision-making under risk was evaluated with the game of dice task (GDT). The results of Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and GDT between PACG patients and healthy controls were compared...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582295/cephalometric-improvement-of-severe-microretrognathia-with-an-anterior-open-bite-using-curvilinear-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis
#11
Jing Li, Patrick A Gerety, Wen Xu, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
Curvilinear mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) provides for multidimensional augmentation and rotation in mandibles with complex, abnormal morphology. This study aims to demonstrate cephalometric changes after curvilinear MDO.A prospectively maintained craniofacial database was queried for patients undergoing curvilinear MDO from 2009 to 2015. Demographic and operative data were collected. Cephalometric measurements were obtained from preoperative and postdistraction imaging, including sella-nasion-B point angle (SNB), mandibular plane angle (MPA), occlusal plane angle (OPA), and gonial angle (GA)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579788/primary-angle-closure-glaucomas-disturb-regional-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-the-visual-pathway-an-fmri-study
#12
Wei Chen, Li Zhang, Yong-Gen Xu, Kai Zhu, Man Luo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the underlying regional brain activity deficits in the visual cortex in patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) relative to normal controls (NCs) using regional homogeneity (ReHo) method, and its relationship with behavioral performances. PATIENTS: Twenty PACG patients (10 females, 10 males; mean age ± standard deviation [SD]: 54.42±9.46 years) and 20 age-, and sex status-matched NCs (10 females, 10 males; mean age ± SD: 53.75±9...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577860/glaucoma
#13
REVIEW
Jost B Jonas, Tin Aung, Rupert R Bourne, Alain M Bron, Robert Ritch, Songhomitra Panda-Jonas
Glaucoma is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterised by cupping of the optic nerve head and visual-field damage. It is the most frequent cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Progression usually stops if the intraocular pressure is lowered by 30-50% from baseline. Its worldwide age-standardised prevalence in the population aged 40 years or older is about 3·5%. Chronic forms of glaucoma are painless and symptomatic visual-field defects occur late. Early detection by ophthalmological examination is mandatory...
May 31, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#14
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572086/functional-morphology-of-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-and-crural-diaphragm-determined-by-3-d-high-resolution-pressure-profile-ct-imaging
#15
Ravinder K Mittal, Ali Zifan, Dushyant Kumar, Melissa Ledgerwood-Lee, Erika Ruppert, Gary Ghahremani
The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and crural diaphragm (CD) provide the closure mechanism at esophago-gastric junction (EGJ). We used CT imaging in combination with 3D EGJ pressure recordings to determine the functional morphology of the LES and CD and its relationship to the EGJ anatomy. A 3D-HRM catheter recorded the EGJ pressure in 10 healthy subjects. A 0.5 mm diameter metal ball (BB) was taped to the catheter, adjacent to transducer #1. The EGJ pressure was recorded under following conditions; 1) end-expiration (LES pressure) a) before swallow, b) after swallow, and 2) peak inspiration (CD contraction) c) tidal inspiration and d) forced inspiration...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562545/sumatriptan-induced-angle-closure-glaucoma-a-case-report
#16
Cherng-Ru Hsu, Yi-Hao Chen, Ming-Cheng Tai, Da-Wen Lu
RATIONALE: Drug-induced bilateral angle-closure glaucoma is a rare event and should be treated correctly and promptly to prevent visual loss. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a rare case of sumatriptan-induced bilateral angle-closure glaucoma in a young woman with migraine, and explore the possible mechanism. DIAGNOSES: We describe the clinical outcome of a patient with sumatriptan-induced bilateral angle-closure glaucoma. The patient presented with bilateral acute elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) and myopic shift...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556512/comparison-of-circumferential-peripheral-angle-closure-using-iridotrabecular-contact-index-after-laser-iridotomy-versus-combined-laser-iridotomy-and-iridoplasty
#17
Hyun-Kyung Cho, Changwon Kee, Heon Yang, Hyoun Do Huh, Su Jin Kim, Young Min Park, Jong Moon Park
PURPOSE: To compare the quantitative changes of peripheral angle after laser iridotomy (LI) alone (group A) or combined LI and Iridoplasty (group B) using iridotrabecular contact (ITC) index by swept-source anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). METHODS: In this prospective comparative observational study, OCT images were obtained before and after the procedure. In each image frame, scleral spur (SS) and the ITC end point (EP) were marked and ITC index was calculated as a percentage of the angle closure from 360°...
May 27, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546929/aqueous-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-acute-primary-angle-closure-eyes
#18
Yao-Ming Liu, Shi-Da Chen, Xing-Yi Li, Wen-Bin Huang, Fei Li, Jia-Wei Wang, Ying-Qi Li, Xiu-Lan Zhang
AIM: To evaluate changes of proinflammatory cytokines in aqueous humor of patients with acute primary angle-closure (APAC) and age-related cataracts. METHODS: Twenty eyes of 20 APAC patients and 15 eyes of 15 age-related cataract patients were included in this cross-sectional study. Aqueous humor samples were collected prospectively. The levels of 20 proinflammatory cytokines were evaluated in the aqueous humor of the APAC and cataract patients using the multiplex bead immunoassay technique...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542344/dynamic-changes-of-anterior-segment-in-patients-with-different-stages-of-primary-angle-closure-in-both-eyes-and-normal-subjects
#19
Jialiu Lin, Zhonghao Wang, Chuchen Chung, Jianan Xu, Miaomiao Dai, Jingjing Huang
PURPOSE: To compare changes in anterior segment parameters under light and dark (light-to-dark) conditions among eyes with chronic primary angle-closure glaucoma (CPACG), fellow eyes with confirmed or suspect primary angle-closure (PAC or PACS), and age-matched healthy eyes. METHODS: Consecutive patients with CPACG in one eye and PAC/PACS in the fellow eye, as well as age-matched healthy subjects were recruited. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography measurements were conducted under light and dark conditions, and anterior chamber, lens, and iris parameters compared...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522116/a-new-approach-for-the-management-of-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-after-eagle-trial
#20
F J Muñoz Negrete, A Azuara-Blanco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
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