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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728857/-rosacea-new-data-for-better-care
#1
B Cribier
In the last 10 years, numerous studies have been published that throw new light on rosacea, in all areas of the disease. This overview summarises all the key developments, based on the indexed bibliography appearing in Medline between 2007 and 2017. Recent epidemiological data show that the prevalence of the disease is doubtless greater than estimated hitherto (more than 10% of adults in some countries) and that we should not overlook rosacea in subjects with skin phototypes V or VI, a condition that exists on all continents...
July 17, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728058/high-prevalence-of-esbls-in-retail-chicken-meat-despite-reduced-use-of-antimicrobials-in-chicken-production-france
#2
Tiago Casella, Mara Correa Lelles Nogueira, Estelle Saras, Marisa Haenni, Jean-Yves Madec
Extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs) are critically important antibiotics for humans and their use in animals poses a potential threat for public health. Chicken represents an increasing part of the human diet and has also been regarded as a source of ESC-resistant Enterobacteriaceae because of the worldwide off-label use of ceftiofur, a broad-spectrum cephalosporin. Thus, numerous studies pointed out chicken as a reservoir of ESBL/pAmpC genes, plasmids and/or clones at risk for humans. In France, late 2011, strong political pressure led to a drastic reduction of ceftiofur use and all other antibiotics in chicken production...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726348/state-insurance-mandates-and-off-label-use-of-chemotherapy
#3
Fabrice Smieliauskas, Hari Sharma, Connor Hurley, Jonas A de Souza, Ya-Chen Tina Shih
Access to cancer drugs used off-label is important to cancer patients but may drive up healthcare costs with little evidence of clinical benefit. We hypothesized that state health insurance mandates for private insurers to provide coverage for off-label use of cancer drugs cause higher rates of off-label use. We used Truven MarketScan data from 1999 to 2007 on utilization of 35 infused chemotherapy drugs in private health plans in the United States, covering the period when eight states implemented off-label coverage laws...
July 20, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725960/topic-infliximab-injection-for-refractory-rectal-stenosis-in-crohn-s-disease-long-term-follow-up-in-two-patients
#4
Niels Teich, Ingo Wallstabe, Ingolf Schiefke
PURPOSE: TNF blockers are approved for intravenous or subcutaneous systemic therapy of many chronic inflammatory diseases. As it is not possible to achieve a sufficient local clinical improvement through systemic therapy in every patient, diverse approaches of topical therapy using TNF blockers have been investigated in recent years. METHODS: In this paper, we report on long-term clinical results of originator infliximab (IFX) injections into symptomatic combined scarring and inflammatory stenoses of the rectum in two patients with Crohn's disease...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725431/angiosarcoma-treated-successfully-with-anti-pd-1-therapy-a-case-report
#5
Simran Sindhu, Lana H Gimber, Lee Cranmer, Ali McBride, Andrew S Kraft
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcomas are tumors of malignant endothelial origin that have a poor prognosis with a five-year survival of less than 40%. These tumors can be found in all age groups, but are more common in older patients; with the cutaneous form most common in older white men. Combined modality therapy including surgery and radiation appears to have a better outcome than each modality alone. When metastatic, agents such as liposomal doxorubicin, paclitaxel and ifosfamide have activity but it is short-lived and not curative...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724817/real-world-evidence-of-safety-profile-of-intravitreal-bevacizumab-avastin-in-an-indian-scenario
#6
Prashant Jain, Jay Sheth, Giridhar Anantharaman, Mahesh Gopalakrishnan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety profile of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) as an off-label pharmacotherapeutic agent for various ocular conditions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was carried out on 3806 injections of 1761 patients that were administered with intravitreal bevacizumab injection at a tertiary eye care center in India. The injections were administered on a pro re nata basis for various indications such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic macular edema (DME), and retinal vein occlusion (RVO)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724177/natural-molecules-for-the-therapy-of-hyperandrogenism-and-metabolic-disorders-in-pcos
#7
V Cappelli, M C Musacchio, A Bulfoni, G Morgante, V De Leo
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy of women of reproductive age and a complex endocrine condition, due to its heterogeneity and uncertainty about its etiology. However, PCOS is also associated with other metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, and diabetes. There are few medications that are approved for the most common symptoms of PCOS, leading to the off-label use of medications that were approved for other indications...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721605/how-to-provide-gadolinium-free-pet-mr-cancer-staging-of-children-and-young-adults-in-less-than-1%C3%A2-h-the-stanford-approach
#8
Anne M Muehe, Ashok J Theruvath, Lillian Lai, Maryam Aghighi, Andrew Quon, Samantha J Holdsworth, Jia Wang, Sandra Luna-Fineman, Neyssa Marina, Ranjana Advani, Jarrett Rosenberg, Heike E Daldrup-Link
PURPOSE: To provide clinically useful gadolinium-free whole-body cancer staging of children and young adults with integrated positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance (PET/MR) imaging in less than 1 h. PROCEDURES: In this prospective clinical trial, 20 children and young adults (11-30 years old, 6 male, 14 female) with solid tumors underwent 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose ([(18)F]FDG) PET/MR on a 3T PET/MR scanner after intravenous injection of ferumoxytol (5 mg Fe/kg) and [(18)F]FDG (2-3 MBq/kg)...
July 18, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721575/gastroparesis-medical-and-therapeutic-advances
#9
REVIEW
Christopher M Navas, Nihal K Patel, Brian E Lacy
Gastroparesis is a chronic, bothersome, and often disabling neuromuscular disorder of the upper gastrointestinal tract. The most frequently reported symptoms of gastroparesis include nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, early satiety, and unintentional weight loss. Etiologies of gastroparesis include diabetes, connective tissue disorders, prior infection, mesenteric ischemia, and post-surgical complications. The largest category of gastroparesis patients is comprised of those in whom no definitive cause can be identified (idiopathic gastroparesis)...
July 18, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720356/phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitors-for-premature-ejaculation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Marrissa Martyn-St James, Katy Cooper, Shijie Ren, Eva Kaltenthaler, Kath Dickinson, Anna Cantrell, Kevan Wylie, Leila Frodsham, Catherine Hood
CONTEXT: Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) are prescribed off-label for the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE). OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) for PDE5-Is in the management of PE. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Medline and other databases were searched through September 2015. Quality of RCTs was assessed. Intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) data were pooled in a meta-analysis...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716569/recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-versus-iliac-crest-bone-graft-in-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-dysphagia-and-dysphonia-rates-in-the-early-postoperative-period-with-review-of-the-literature
#11
Brett D Riederman, Bennet A Butler, Cort D Lawton, Brett D Rosenthal, Earvin S Balderama, Avi J Bernstein
Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a growth factor utilized to stimulate bone development in several clinical scenarios. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved this therapeutic modality for only two applications, it is frequently used off-label in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures as an alternative to iliac crest bone graft (ICBG), the prior standard of care. This usage has been a source of controversy in the medical community due to evidence of increased rates of postoperative edema and dysphagia...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716069/angiosarcoma-treated-successfully-with-anti-pd-1-therapy-a-case-report
#12
Simran Sindhu, Lana H Gimber, Lee Cranmer, Ali McBride, Andrew S Kraft
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcomas are tumors of malignant endothelial origin that have a poor prognosis with a five-year survival of less than 40%. These tumors can be found in all age groups, but are more common in older patients; with the cutaneous form most common in older white men. Combined modality therapy including surgery and radiation appears to have a better outcome than each modality alone. When metastatic, agents such as liposomal doxorubicin, paclitaxel and ifosfamide have activity but it is short-lived and not curative...
July 18, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715649/excellent-response-to-anti-pd-1-therapy-in-a-patient-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Hirva Mamdani, Howard Wu, Bert H O'Neil, Amikar Sehdev
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive cancer associated with high mortality worldwide. HCC develops in the setting of underlying cirrhosis due to chronic liver disease. Surgery is usually considered the treatment of choice for early disease; however, most patients have locally advanced or metastatic HCC at diagnosis in which case treatments are limited. Immune checkpoint blockade of programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) pathway offers a potential treatment strategy based on the encouraging results of the phase I/II trial of nivolumab (Checkmate 040 trial)...
May 2017: Discovery Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715577/device-safety-implications-of-the-clinical-data-leading-to-us-food-and-drug-administration-approval-of-soft-tissue-fillers-a-systematic-review
#14
Mary E Lohman, Comeron W Ghobadi, Shuai Xu
Importance: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued a safety warning regarding soft-tissue fillers (STFs) based on the risk of blindness and facial necrosis. Objective: To examine the quality of evidence leading to FDA approval of STFs. Evidence Review: All original approvals for STFs were mined using the publicly available FDA database. The Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias assessment tool was applied to all randomized clinical trials (RCTs)...
July 13, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707284/fixed-dose-versus-off-label-combination-of-isosorbide-dinitrate-plus-hydralazine-hydrochloride-retrospective-propensity-matched-analysis-in-black-medicare-patients-with-heart-failure
#15
Elizabeth Ofili, Inder Anand, Richard Allen Williams, Ola Akinboboye, Liou Xu, Gary Puckrein
INTRODUCTION: Based upon the findings of the African-American Heart Failure Trial, the US Food and Drug Administration approved the fixed-dose combination of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) and hydralazine hydrochloride (HYD) (FDC-ISDN/HYD) as a new drug for treatment of heart failure (HF) in self-identified African Americans. According to the FDA, FDC-ISDN/HYD has no therapeutic equivalent. However, off-label combinations of the separate generic drugs ISDN and HYD (OLC-ISDN+HYD) or isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN) and HYD (OLC-ISMN+HYD) are routinely substituted without any supporting outcome data...
July 13, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706403/dalbavancin-use-for-the-treatment-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-pneumonia
#16
Katie E Barber, Amir Tirmizi, Richard Finley, Kayla R Stover
Dalbavancin is a lipoglycopeptide with a long half-life that allows infrequent dosing. It is indicated for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections caused by susceptible organisms, including Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Although this agent has been used off-label clinically, there are minimal data in infections outside the current indications. We report a case of a 28-year-old nonadherent male with HIV presenting with pneumonia due to MRSA that was treated with dalbavancin...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705054/radiofrequency-perforation-of-the-pulmonary-valve-an-efficient-low-cost-solution
#17
Stephen C Brown, Bjorn Cools, Derize Boshoff, Ruth Heying, Benedicte Eyskens, Marc Gewillig
Objective The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of using commonly available catheterization laboratory equipment for radiofrequency perforation of the pulmonary valve in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum. Methods The system (off-label use for all items) is made up of a co-axial telescopic arrangement consisting of a 0.014" PT 2 ™ coronary guidewire, for insulation inside a 2.7-F microcatheter which has an inner lumen of 0.021". The microcatheter was passed via a standard 4-F right coronary catheter to just below the atretic pulmonary valve...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705022/evaluation-of-dose-and-outcomes-for-pediatric-vilazodone-ingestions
#18
Christopher E Gaw, Henry A Spiller, Jason L Russell, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) exposures among children younger than 6 years of age are generally well tolerated. Vilazodone is an SSRI with partial agonism at the 5-HT1A receptor with demonstrated clinical efficacy for depression whose off-label usage is likely to increase. Recent evidence suggests that unintentional ingestion of vilazodone in children under 6 years old is associated with more severe clinical effects than other SSRIs. We chose to evaluate dose and outcomes for pediatric vilazodone ingestions...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702510/phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-for-premature-ejaculation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Marrissa Martyn-St James, Katy Cooper, Shijie Ren, Eva Kaltenthaler, K Dickinson, A Cantrell, Kevan Wylie, Leila Frodsham, Catherine Hood
CONTEXT: Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5is) are prescribed off-label for the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE). OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) for PDE5is in the management of PE. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE and other databases were searched to September 2015. Quality of RCTs was assessed. Intra-vaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) data were pooled in a meta-analysis...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702268/distressing-visual-hallucinations-after-treatment-with-trazodone
#20
Gustavo Santos, Ana Maria Moreira
Trazodone, a second-generation atypical antidepressant, is increasingly being used off-label, in the treatment of insomnia. Although generally well tolerated, trazodone treatment can be associated with some complications. We describe a case of a 60-year-old man who received trazodone for primary insomnia. He returned, to the emergency department, two days later with distressing visual hallucinations, which prompted inpatient treatment. Trazodone was discontinued, leading to a complete resolution of his visual hallucinations, and he was treated with mirtazapine for 6 months...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
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