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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776040/distribution-of-diameters-for-erd%C3%A5-s-r%C3%A3-nyi-random-graphs
#1
A K Hartmann, M Mézard
We study the distribution of diameters d of Erdős-Rényi random graphs with average connectivity c. The diameter d is the maximum among all the shortest distances between pairs of nodes in a graph and an important quantity for all dynamic processes taking place on graphs. Here we study the distribution P(d) numerically for various values of c, in the nonpercolating and percolating regimes. Using large-deviation techniques, we are able to reach small probabilities like 10^{-100} which allow us to obtain the distribution over basically the full range of the support, for graphs up to N=1000 nodes...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773789/light-induced-formation-of-partially-reduced-oxygen-species-limits-the-lifetime-of-photosystem-1-based-biocathodes
#2
Fangyuan Zhao, Steffen Hardt, Volker Hartmann, Huijie Zhang, Marc M Nowaczyk, Matthias Rögner, Nicolas Plumeré, Wolfgang Schuhmann, Felipe Conzuelo
Interfacing photosynthetic proteins specifically photosystem 1 (PS1) with electrodes enables light-induced charge separation processes for powering semiartificial photobiodevices with, however, limited long-term stability. Here, we present the in-depth evaluation of a PS1/Os-complex-modified redox polymer-based biocathode by means of scanning photoelectrochemical microscopy. Focalized local illumination of the bioelectrode and concomitant collection of H2 O2 at the closely positioned microelectrode provide evidence for the formation of partially reduced oxygen species under light conditions...
May 17, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768136/the-genome-biology-of-effector-gene-evolution-in-filamentous-plant-pathogens
#3
Andrea Sánchez-Vallet, Simone Fouché, Isabelle Fudal, Fanny E Hartmann, Jessica L Soyer, Aurélien Tellier, Daniel Croll
Filamentous pathogens, including fungi and oomycetes, pose major threats to global food security. Crop pathogens cause damage by secreting effectors that manipulate the host to the pathogen's advantage. Genes encoding such effectors are among the most rapidly evolving genes in pathogen genomes. Here, we review how the major characteristics of the emergence, function, and regulation of effector genes are tightly linked to the genomic compartments where these genes are located in pathogen genomes. The presence of repetitive elements in these compartments is associated with elevated rates of point mutations and sequence rearrangements with a major impact on effector diversification...
May 16, 2018: Annual Review of Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766303/comparison-between-laparoscopic-and-open-hartmann-s-reversal-results-of-a-decade-long-multicenter-retrospective-study
#4
Nir Horesh, Yonatan Lessing, Yaron Rudnicki, Ilan Kent, Haguy Kammar, Almog Ben-Yaacov, Yael Dreznik, Shmuel Avital, Eli Mavor, Nir Wasserberg, Hanoch Kashtan, Joseph Klausner, Mordechai Gutman, Oded Zmora, Hagit Tulchinsky
BACKGROUND: Hartmann's reversal is a challenging surgical procedure with significant postoperative morbidity rates. Various surgical methods have been suggested to lower the risk of postoperative complications. In this study, we aimed to compare the postoperative results between open and laparoscopic techniques for Hartmann's reversal. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients who underwent Hartmann's reversal in five centers in central Israel between January 2004 and June 2015 was conducted...
May 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766299/molecularly-defined-diffuse-leptomeningeal-glioneuronal-tumor-dlgnt-comprises-two-subgroups-with-distinct-clinical-and-genetic-features
#5
Maximilian Y Deng, Martin Sill, Jason Chiang, Jens Schittenhelm, Martin Ebinger, Martin U Schuhmann, Camelia-Maria Monoranu, Till Milde, Andrea Wittmann, Christian Hartmann, Clemens Sommer, Werner Paulus, Jutta Gärtner, Wolfgang Brück, Thomas Rüdiger, Alfred Leipold, Zane Jaunmuktane, Sebastian Brandner, Felice Giangaspero, Paolo Nozza, Jaume Mora, Andres Morales la Madrid, Ofelia Cruz Martinez, Jordan R Hansford, Torsten Pietsch, Anna Tietze, Pablo Hernáiz-Driever, Iris Stoler, David Capper, Andrey Korshunov, David W Ellison, Andreas von Deimling, Stefan M Pfister, Felix Sahm, David T W Jones
Diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumors (DLGNT) represent rare CNS neoplasms which have been included in the 2016 update of the WHO classification. The wide spectrum of histopathological and radiological features can make this enigmatic tumor entity difficult to diagnose. In recent years, large-scale genomic and epigenomic analyses have afforded insight into key genetic alterations occurring in multiple types of brain tumors and provide unbiased, complementary tools to improve diagnostic accuracy. Through genome-wide DNA methylation screening of > 25,000 tumors, we discovered a molecularly distinct class comprising 30 tumors, mostly diagnosed histologically as DLGNTs...
May 15, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765338/psychotherapeutic-treatment-for-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Almut Zeeck, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Timo Brockmeyer, Gaby Resmark, Ulrich Hagenah, Stefan Ehrlich, Ulrich Cuntz, Stephan Zipfel, Armin Hartmann
Background: The aim of the study was a systematic review of studies evaluating psychotherapeutic treatment approaches in anorexia nervosa and to compare their efficacy. Weight gain was chosen as the primary outcome criterion. We also aimed to compare treatment effects according to service level (inpatient vs. outpatient) and age group (adolescents vs. adults). Methods: The data bases PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Cinahl, and PsychInfo were used for a systematic literature search (until Feb 2017)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764847/a-mysterious-postoperative-rash
#7
Maria Chicco, George Filobbos, Nicholas Francis, Paul Ziprin
This case report describes the development of a rash in a patient admitted with large bowel obstruction secondary to carcinoma of the sigmoid colon. The patient underwent a Hartmann's procedure and right hemicolectomy for a metastatic deposit at the terminal ileum. On postoperative day 3, the patient developed a bullous haemorrhagic rash on the thighs, flanks and abdomen, associated with a sharp drop in platelet count. Suspicion of heparin-induced skin necrosis was raised, and prophylactic enoxaparin was switched to fondaparinux...
May 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760059/nouns-slow-down-speech-across-structurally-and-culturally-diverse-languages
#8
Frank Seifart, Jan Strunk, Swintha Danielsen, Iren Hartmann, Brigitte Pakendorf, Søren Wichmann, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Nivja H de Jong, Balthasar Bickel
By force of nature, every bit of spoken language is produced at a particular speed. However, this speed is not constant-speakers regularly speed up and slow down. Variation in speech rate is influenced by a complex combination of factors, including the frequency and predictability of words, their information status, and their position within an utterance. Here, we use speech rate as an index of word-planning effort and focus on the time window during which speakers prepare the production of words from the two major lexical classes, nouns and verbs...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758227/effects-of-feedback-delay-on-learning-from-positive-and-negative-feedback-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-off-medication
#9
Benjamin Weismüller, Marta Ghio, Kazimierz Logmin, Christian Hartmann, Alfons Schnitzler, Bettina Pollok, Martin Südmeyer, Christian Bellebaum
Phasic dopamine (DA) signals conveyed from the substantia nigra to the striatum and the prefrontal cortex crucially affect learning from feedback, with DA bursts facilitating learning from positive feedback and DA dips facilitating learning from negative feedback. Consequently, diminished nigro-striatal dopamine levels as in unmedicated patients suffering from Parkinson's Disease (PD) have been shown to lead to a negative learning bias. Recent studies suggested a diminished striatal contribution to feedback processing when the outcome of an action is temporally delayed...
May 11, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756910/search-for-high-mass-resonances-decaying-to-%C3%AF-%C3%AE-in-pp-collisions-at-sqrt-s-13-tev-with-the-atlas-detector
#10
M Aaboud, G Aad, B Abbott, O Abdinov, B Abeloos, S H Abidi, O S AbouZeid, N L Abraham, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, Y Abulaiti, B S Acharya, S Adachi, L Adamczyk, J Adelman, M Adersberger, T Adye, A A Affolder, Y Afik, C Agheorghiesei, J A Aguilar-Saavedra, S P Ahlen, F Ahmadov, G Aielli, S Akatsuka, T P A Åkesson, E Akilli, A V Akimov, G L Alberghi, J Albert, P Albicocco, M J Alconada Verzini, S Alderweireldt, M Aleksa, I N Aleksandrov, C Alexa, G Alexander, T Alexopoulos, M Alhroob, B Ali, M Aliev, G Alimonti, J Alison, S P Alkire, C Allaire, B M M Allbrooke, B W Allen, P P Allport, A Aloisio, A Alonso, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, A A Alshehri, M I Alstaty, B Alvarez Gonzalez, D Álvarez Piqueras, M G Alviggi, B T Amadio, Y Amaral Coutinho, L Ambroz, C Amelung, D Amidei, S P Amor Dos Santos, S Amoroso, C S Amrouche, C Anastopoulos, L S Ancu, N Andari, T Andeen, C F Anders, J K Anders, K J Anderson, A Andreazza, V Andrei, S Angelidakis, I Angelozzi, A Angerami, A V Anisenkov, A Annovi, C Antel, M T Anthony, M Antonelli, D J Antrim, F Anulli, M Aoki, L Aperio Bella, G Arabidze, Y Arai, J P Araque, V Araujo Ferraz, R Araujo Pereira, A T H Arce, R E Ardell, F A Arduh, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, A J Armbruster, L J Armitage, O Arnaez, H Arnold, M Arratia, O Arslan, A Artamonov, G Artoni, S Artz, S Asai, N Asbah, A Ashkenazi, E M Asimakopoulou, L Asquith, K Assamagan, R Astalos, R J Atkin, M Atkinson, N B Atlay, K Augsten, G Avolio, R Avramidou, B Axen, M K Ayoub, G Azuelos, A E Baas, M J Baca, H Bachacou, K Bachas, M Backes, P Bagnaia, M Bahmani, H Bahrasemani, J T Baines, M Bajic, O K Baker, P J Bakker, D Bakshi Gupta, E M Baldin, P Balek, F Balli, W K Balunas, E Banas, A Bandyopadhyay, Sw Banerjee, A A E Bannoura, L Barak, W M Barbe, E L Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, J T Barkeloo, T Barklow, N Barlow, R Barnea, S L Barnes, B M Barnett, R M Barnett, Z Barnovska-Blenessy, A Baroncelli, G Barone, A J Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, R Bartoldus, A E Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Bassalat, R L Bates, S J Batista, J R Batley, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, K T Bauer, H S Bawa, J B Beacham, M D Beattie, T Beau, P H Beauchemin, P Bechtle, H P Beck, H C Beck, K Becker, M Becker, C Becot, A J Beddall, A Beddall, V A Bednyakov, M Bedognetti, C P Bee, T A Beermann, M Begalli, M Begel, A Behera, J K Behr, A S Bell, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, M Bellomo, K Belotskiy, N L Belyaev, O Benary, D Benchekroun, M Bender, N Benekos, Y Benhammou, E Benhar Noccioli, J Benitez, D P Benjamin, M Benoit, J R Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, L J Bergsten, J Beringer, S Berlendis, N R Bernard, G Bernardi, C Bernius, F U Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, C Bertella, G Bertoli, I A Bertram, C Bertsche, G J Besjes, O Bessidskaia Bylund, M Bessner, N Besson, A Bethani, S Bethke, A Betti, A J Bevan, J Beyer, R M Bianchi, O Biebel, D Biedermann, R Bielski, K Bierwagen, N V Biesuz, M Biglietti, T R V Billoud, M Bindi, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, T Bisanz, C Bittrich, D M Bjergaard, J E Black, K M Black, R E Blair, T Blazek, I Bloch, C Blocker, A Blue, U Blumenschein, Dr Blunier, G J Bobbink, V S Bobrovnikov, S S Bocchetta, A Bocci, C Bock, D Boerner, D Bogavac, A G Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, P Bokan, T Bold, A S Boldyrev, A E Bolz, M Bomben, M Bona, J S Bonilla, M Boonekamp, A Borisov, G Borissov, J Bortfeldt, D Bortoletto, V Bortolotto, D Boscherini, M Bosman, J D Bossio Sola, J Boudreau, E V Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, C Bourdarios, S K Boutle, A Boveia, J Boyd, I R Boyko, A J Bozson, J Bracinik, N Brahimi, A Brandt, G Brandt, O Brandt, F Braren, U Bratzler, B Brau, J E Brau, W D Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, A J Brennan, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, D L Briglin, T M Bristow, D Britton, D Britzger, I Brock, R Brock, G Brooijmans, T Brooks, W K Brooks, E Brost, J H Broughton, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, D Bruncko, A Bruni, G Bruni, L S Bruni, S Bruno, B H Brunt, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, P Bryant, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, A G Buckley, I A Budagov, F Buehrer, M K Bugge, O Bulekov, D Bullock, T J Burch, S Burdin, C D Burgard, A M Burger, B Burghgrave, K Burka, S Burke, I Burmeister, J T P Burr, D Büscher, V Büscher, E Buschmann, P Bussey, J M Butler, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, P Butti, W Buttinger, A Buzatu, A R Buzykaev, G Cabras, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, H Cai, V M M Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, A Calandri, G Calderini, P Calfayan, G Callea, L P Caloba, S Calvente Lopez, D Calvet, S Calvet, T P Calvet, M Calvetti, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, P Camarri, D Cameron, R Caminal Armadans, C Camincher, S Campana, M Campanelli, A Camplani, A Campoverde, V Canale, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, T Cao, Y Cao, M D M Capeans Garrido, I Caprini, M Caprini, M Capua, R M Carbone, R Cardarelli, F Cardillo, I Carli, T Carli, G Carlino, B T Carlson, L Carminati, R M D Carney, S Caron, E Carquin, S Carrá, G D Carrillo-Montoya, D Casadei, M P Casado, A F Casha, M Casolino, D W Casper, R Castelijn, V Castillo Gimenez, N F Castro, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, A Cattai, J Caudron, V Cavaliere, E Cavallaro, D Cavalli, M Cavalli-Sforza, V Cavasinni, E Celebi, F Ceradini, L Cerda Alberich, A S Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, A Cervelli, S A Cetin, A Chafaq, D Chakraborty, S K Chan, W S Chan, Y L Chan, P Chang, J D Chapman, D G Charlton, C C Chau, C A Chavez Barajas, S Che, A Chegwidden, S Chekanov, S V Chekulaev, G A Chelkov, M A Chelstowska, C Chen, C Chen, H Chen, J Chen, J Chen, S Chen, S Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, Y-H Chen, H C Cheng, H J Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, E Cheu, K Cheung, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, A S Chisholm, A Chitan, I Chiu, Y H Chiu, M V Chizhov, K Choi, A R Chomont, S Chouridou, Y S Chow, V Christodoulou, M C Chu, J Chudoba, A J Chuinard, J J Chwastowski, L Chytka, D Cinca, V Cindro, I A Cioară, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, Z H Citron, M Citterio, A Clark, M R Clark, P J Clark, R N Clarke, C Clement, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, J Cochran, L Colasurdo, B Cole, A P Colijn, J Collot, P Conde Muiño, E Coniavitis, S H Connell, I A Connelly, S Constantinescu, F Conventi, A M Cooper-Sarkar, F Cormier, K J R Cormier, M Corradi, E E Corrigan, F Corriveau, A Cortes-Gonzalez, M J Costa, D Costanzo, G Cottin, G Cowan, B E Cox, J Crane, K Cranmer, S J Crawley, R A Creager, G Cree, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, M Cristinziani, V Croft, G Crosetti, A Cueto, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, A R Cukierman, M Curatolo, J Cúth, S Czekierda, P Czodrowski, G D'amen, S D'Auria, L D'eramo, M D'Onofrio, M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, T Dado, S Dahbi, T Dai, O Dale, F Dallaire, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, J R Dandoy, M F Daneri, N P Dang, N S Dann, M Danninger, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, O Dartsi, A Dattagupta, T Daubney, W Davey, C David, T Davidek, D R Davis, E Dawe, I Dawson, K De, R de Asmundis, A De Benedetti, S De Castro, S De Cecco, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, F De Lorenzi, A De Maria, D De Pedis, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, A De Santo, K De Vasconcelos Corga, J B De Vivie De Regie, C Debenedetti, D V Dedovich, N Dehghanian, M Del Gaudio, J Del Peso, D Delgove, F Deliot, C M Delitzsch, A Dell'Acqua, L Dell'Asta, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, M Delmastro, C Delporte, P A Delsart, D A DeMarco, S Demers, M Demichev, S P Denisov, D Denysiuk, D Derendarz, J E Derkaoui, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, C Deterre, K Dette, M R Devesa, P O Deviveiros, A Dewhurst, S Dhaliwal, F A Di Bello, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, W K Di Clemente, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, K F Di Petrillo, A Di Simone, R Di Sipio, D Di Valentino, C Diaconu, M Diamond, F A Dias, T Dias do Vale, M A Diaz, J Dickinson, E B Diehl, J Dietrich, S Díez Cornell, A Dimitrievska, J Dingfelder, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, J I Djuvsland, M A B do Vale, M Dobre, D Dodsworth, C Doglioni, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, M Donadelli, J Donini, J Dopke, A Doria, M T Dova, A T Doyle, E Drechsler, E Dreyer, T Dreyer, M Dris, Y Du, J Duarte-Campderros, F Dubinin, A Dubreuil, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, A Ducourthial, O A Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, A Chr Dudder, E M Duffield, L Duflot, M Dührssen, C Dulsen, M Dumancic, A E Dumitriu, A K Duncan, M Dunford, A Duperrin, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, D Duschinger, B Dutta, D Duvnjak, M Dyndal, B S Dziedzic, C Eckardt, K M Ecker, R C Edgar, T Eifert, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, M El Kacimi, R El Kosseifi, V Ellajosyula, M Ellert, F Ellinghaus, A A Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, Y Enari, J S Ennis, M B Epland, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, S Errede, M Escalier, C Escobar, B Esposito, O Estrada Pastor, A I Etienvre, E Etzion, H Evans, A Ezhilov, M Ezzi, F Fabbri, L Fabbri, V Fabiani, G Facini, R M Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, P J Falke, S Falke, J Faltova, Y Fang, M Fanti, A Farbin, A Farilla, E M Farina, T Farooque, S Farrell, S M Farrington, P Farthouat, F Fassi, P Fassnacht, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, A Favareto, W J Fawcett, L Fayard, O L Fedin, W Fedorko, M Feickert, S Feigl, L Feligioni, C Feng, E J Feng, M Feng, M J Fenton, A B Fenyuk, L Feremenga, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D E Ferreira de Lima, A Ferrer, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, F Filthaut, M Fincke-Keeler, K D Finelli, M C N Fiolhais, L Fiorini, C Fischer, J Fischer, W C Fisher, N Flaschel, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, R R M Fletcher, T Flick, B M Flierl, L M Flores, L R Flores Castillo, N Fomin, G T Forcolin, A Formica, F A Förster, A Forti, A G Foster, D Fournier, H Fox, S Fracchia, P Francavilla, M Franchini, S Franchino, D Francis, L Franconi, M Franklin, M Frate, M Fraternali, D Freeborn, S M Fressard-Batraneanu, B Freund, W S Freund, D Froidevaux, J A Frost, C Fukunaga, T Fusayasu, J Fuster, O Gabizon, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, G P Gach, S Gadatsch, S Gadomski, P Gadow, G Gagliardi, L G Gagnon, C Galea, B Galhardo, E J Gallas, B J Gallop, P Gallus, G Galster, R Gamboa Goni, K K Gan, S Ganguly, Y Gao, Y S Gao, F M Garay Walls, C García, J E García Navarro, J A García Pascual, M Garcia-Sciveres, R W Gardner, N Garelli, V Garonne, K Gasnikova, A Gaudiello, G Gaudio, I L Gavrilenko, A Gavrilyuk, C Gay, G Gaycken, E N Gazis, C N P Gee, J Geisen, M Geisen, M P Geisler, K Gellerstedt, C Gemme, M H Genest, C Geng, S Gentile, C Gentsos, S George, D Gerbaudo, G Geßner, S Ghasemi, M Ghneimat, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, N Giangiacomi, P Giannetti, S M Gibson, M Gignac, D Gillberg, G Gilles, D M Gingrich, M P Giordani, F M Giorgi, P F Giraud, P Giromini, G Giugliarelli, D Giugni, F Giuli, M Giulini, S Gkaitatzis, I Gkialas, E L Gkougkousis, P Gkountoumis, L K Gladilin, C Glasman, J Glatzer, P C F Glaysher, A Glazov, M Goblirsch-Kolb, J Godlewski, S Goldfarb, T Golling, D Golubkov, A Gomes, R Gonçalo, R Goncalves Gama, G Gonella, L Gonella, A Gongadze, F Gonnella, J L Gonski, S González de la Hoz, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, L Goossens, P A Gorbounov, H A Gordon, B Gorini, E Gorini, A Gorišek, A T Goshaw, C Gössling, M I Gostkin, C A Gottardo, C R Goudet, D Goujdami, A G Goussiou, N Govender, C Goy, E Gozani, I Grabowska-Bold, P O J Gradin, E C Graham, J Gramling, E Gramstad, S Grancagnolo, V Gratchev, P M Gravila, C Gray, H M Gray, Z D Greenwood, C Grefe, K Gregersen, I M Gregor, P Grenier, K Grevtsov, J Griffiths, A A Grillo, K Grimm, S Grinstein, Ph Gris, J-F Grivaz, S Groh, E Gross, J Grosse-Knetter, G C Grossi, Z J Grout, A Grummer, L Guan, W Guan, J Guenther, A Guerguichon, F Guescini, D Guest, O Gueta, R Gugel, B Gui, T Guillemin, S Guindon, U Gul, C Gumpert, J Guo, W Guo, Y Guo, R Gupta, S Gurbuz, G Gustavino, B J Gutelman, P Gutierrez, N G Gutierrez Ortiz, C Gutschow, C Guyot, M P Guzik, C Gwenlan, C B Gwilliam, A Haas, C Haber, H K Hadavand, N Haddad, A Hadef, S Hageböck, M Hagihara, H Hakobyan, M Haleem, J Haley, G Halladjian, G D Hallewell, K Hamacher, P Hamal, K Hamano, A Hamilton, G N Hamity, K Han, L Han, S Han, K Hanagaki, M Hance, D M Handl, B Haney, R Hankache, P Hanke, E Hansen, J B Hansen, J D Hansen, M C Hansen, P H Hansen, K Hara, A S Hard, T Harenberg, S Harkusha, P F Harrison, N M Hartmann, Y Hasegawa, A Hasib, S Hassani, S Haug, R Hauser, L Hauswald, L B Havener, M Havranek, C M Hawkes, R J Hawkings, D Hayden, C Hayes, C P Hays, J M Hays, H S Hayward, S J Haywood, M P Heath, V Hedberg, L Heelan, S Heer, K K Heidegger, S Heim, T Heim, B Heinemann, J J Heinrich, L Heinrich, C Heinz, J Hejbal, L Helary, A Held, S Hellesund, S Hellman, C Helsens, R C W Henderson, Y Heng, S Henkelmann, A M Henriques Correia, G H Herbert, H Herde, V Herget, Y Hernández Jiménez, H Herr, G Herten, R Hertenberger, L Hervas, T C Herwig, G G Hesketh, N P Hessey, J W Hetherly, S Higashino, E Higón-Rodriguez, K Hildebrand, E Hill, J C Hill, K H Hiller, S J Hillier, M Hils, I Hinchliffe, M Hirose, D Hirschbuehl, B Hiti, O Hladik, D R Hlaluku, X Hoad, J Hobbs, N Hod, M C 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Sobie, F Socher, A M Soffa, A Soffer, A Søgaard, D A Soh, G Sokhrannyi, C A Solans Sanchez, M Solar, E Yu Soldatov, U Soldevila, A A Solodkov, A Soloshenko, O V Solovyanov, V Solovyev, P Sommer, H Son, W Song, A Sopczak, F Sopkova, D Sosa, C L Sotiropoulou, S Sottocornola, R Soualah, A M Soukharev, D South, B C Sowden, S Spagnolo, M Spalla, M Spangenberg, F Spanò, D Sperlich, F Spettel, T M Spieker, R Spighi, G Spigo, L A Spiller, M Spousta, A Stabile, R Stamen, S Stamm, E Stanecka, R W Stanek, C Stanescu, M M Stanitzki, B S Stapf, S Stapnes, E A Starchenko, G H Stark, J Stark, S H Stark, P Staroba, P Starovoitov, S Stärz, R Staszewski, M Stegler, P Steinberg, B Stelzer, H J Stelzer, O Stelzer-Chilton, H Stenzel, T J Stevenson, G A Stewart, M C Stockton, G Stoicea, P Stolte, S Stonjek, A Straessner, J Strandberg, S Strandberg, M Strauss, P Strizenec, R Ströhmer, D M Strom, R Stroynowski, A Strubig, S A Stucci, B Stugu, J Stupak, N A Styles, D Su, J Su, S Suchek, Y Sugaya, M Suk, V V Sulin, Dms Sultan, S Sultansoy, T Sumida, S Sun, X Sun, K Suruliz, C J E Suster, M R Sutton, S Suzuki, M Svatos, M Swiatlowski, S P Swift, A Sydorenko, I Sykora, T Sykora, D Ta, K Tackmann, J Taenzer, A Taffard, R Tafirout, E Tahirovic, N Taiblum, H Takai, R Takashima, E H Takasugi, K Takeda, T Takeshita, Y Takubo, M Talby, A A Talyshev, J Tanaka, M Tanaka, R Tanaka, R Tanioka, B B Tannenwald, S Tapia Araya, S Tapprogge, A T Tarek Abouelfadl Mohamed, S Tarem, G Tarna, G F Tartarelli, P Tas, M Tasevsky, T Tashiro, E Tassi, A Tavares Delgado, Y Tayalati, A C Taylor, A J Taylor, G N Taylor, P T E Taylor, W Taylor, P Teixeira-Dias, D Temple, H Ten Kate, P K Teng, J J Teoh, F Tepel, S Terada, K Terashi, J Terron, S Terzo, M Testa, R J Teuscher, S J Thais, T Theveneaux-Pelzer, F Thiele, J P Thomas, P D Thompson, A S Thompson, L A Thomsen, E Thomson, Y Tian, R E Ticse Torres, V O Tikhomirov, Yu A Tikhonov, S Timoshenko, P Tipton, S Tisserant, K Todome, S Todorova-Nova, S Todt, J Tojo, S Tokár, K Tokushuku, E Tolley, M Tomoto, L Tompkins, K Toms, B Tong, P Tornambe, E Torrence, H Torres, E Torró Pastor, C Tosciri, J Toth, F Touchard, D R Tovey, C J Treado, T Trefzger, F Tresoldi, A Tricoli, I M Trigger, S Trincaz-Duvoid, M F Tripiana, W Trischuk, B Trocmé, A Trofymov, C Troncon, M Trovatelli, F Trovato, L Truong, M Trzebinski, A Trzupek, F Tsai, K W Tsang, J C-L Tseng, P V Tsiareshka, N Tsirintanis, S Tsiskaridze, V Tsiskaridze, E G Tskhadadze, I I Tsukerman, V Tsulaia, S Tsuno, D Tsybychev, Y Tu, A Tudorache, V Tudorache, T T Tulbure, A N Tuna, S Turchikhin, D Turgeman, I Turk Cakir, R Turra, P M Tuts, G Ucchielli, I Ueda, M Ughetto, F Ukegawa, G Unal, A Undrus, G Unel, F C Ungaro, Y Unno, K Uno, J Urban, P Urquijo, P Urrejola, G Usai, J Usui, L Vacavant, V Vacek, B Vachon, K O H Vadla, A Vaidya, C Valderanis, E Valdes Santurio, M Valente, S Valentinetti, A Valero, L Valéry, R A Vallance, A Vallier, J A Valls Ferrer, T R Van Daalen, W Van Den Wollenberg, H van der Graaf, P van Gemmeren, J Van Nieuwkoop, I van Vulpen, M C van Woerden, M Vanadia, W Vandelli, A Vaniachine, P Vankov, R Vari, E W Varnes, C Varni, T Varol, D Varouchas, A Vartapetian, K E Varvell, J G Vasquez, G A Vasquez, F Vazeille, D Vazquez Furelos, T Vazquez Schroeder, J Veatch, V Vecchio, L M Veloce, F Veloso, S Veneziano, A Ventura, M Venturi, N Venturi, V Vercesi, M Verducci, C Vergis, W Verkerke, A T Vermeulen, J C Vermeulen, M C Vetterli, N Viaux Maira, O Viazlo, I Vichou, T Vickey, O E Vickey Boeriu, G H A Viehhauser, S Viel, L Vigani, M Villa, M Villaplana Perez, E Vilucchi, M G Vincter, V B Vinogradov, A Vishwakarma, C Vittori, I Vivarelli, S Vlachos, M Vogel, P Vokac, G Volpi, S E von Buddenbrock, E von Toerne, V Vorobel, K Vorobev, M Vos, J H Vossebeld, N Vranjes, M Vranjes Milosavljevic, V Vrba, M Vreeswijk, R Vuillermet, I Vukotic, P Wagner, W Wagner, J Wagner-Kuhr, H Wahlberg, S Wahrmund, K Wakamiya, J Walder, R Walker, W Walkowiak, V Wallangen, A M Wang, C Wang, F Wang, H Wang, H Wang, J Wang, J Wang, Q Wang, R-J Wang, R Wang, R Wang, S M Wang, T Wang, W Wang, W Wang, Y Wang, Z Wang, C Wanotayaroj, A Warburton, C P Ward, D R Wardrope, A Washbrook, P M Watkins, A T Watson, M F Watson, G Watts, S Watts, B M Waugh, A F Webb, S Webb, C Weber, M S Weber, S M Weber, S A Weber, J S Webster, A R Weidberg, B Weinert, J Weingarten, M Weirich, C Weiser, P S Wells, T Wenaus, T Wengler, S Wenig, N Wermes, M D Werner, P Werner, M Wessels, T D Weston, K Whalen, N L Whallon, A M Wharton, A S White, A White, M J White, R White, D Whiteson, B W Whitmore, F J Wickens, W Wiedenmann, M Wielers, C Wiglesworth, L A M Wiik-Fuchs, A Wildauer, F Wilk, H G Wilkens, H H Williams, S Williams, C Willis, S Willocq, J A Wilson, I Wingerter-Seez, E Winkels, F Winklmeier, O J Winston, B T Winter, M Wittgen, M Wobisch, A Wolf, T M H Wolf, R Wolff, M W Wolter, H Wolters, V W S Wong, N L Woods, S D Worm, B K Wosiek, K W Wozniak, K Wraight, M Wu, S L Wu, X Wu, Y Wu, T R Wyatt, B M Wynne, S Xella, Z Xi, L Xia, D Xu, H Xu, L Xu, T Xu, W Xu, B Yabsley, S Yacoob, K Yajima, D P Yallup, D Yamaguchi, Y Yamaguchi, A Yamamoto, T Yamanaka, F Yamane, M Yamatani, T Yamazaki, Y Yamazaki, Z Yan, H Yang, H Yang, S Yang, Y Yang, Y Yang, Z Yang, W-M Yao, Y C Yap, Y Yasu, E Yatsenko, K H Yau Wong, J Ye, S Ye, I Yeletskikh, E Yigitbasi, E Yildirim, K Yorita, K Yoshihara, C Young, C J S Young, J Yu, J Yu, X Yue, S P Y Yuen, I Yusuff, B Zabinski, G Zacharis, R Zaidan, A M Zaitsev, N Zakharchuk, J Zalieckas, S Zambito, D Zanzi, C Zeitnitz, G Zemaityte, J C Zeng, Q Zeng, O Zenin, T Ženiš, D Zerwas, M Zgubič, D Zhang, D Zhang, F Zhang, G Zhang, H Zhang, J Zhang, L Zhang, L Zhang, M Zhang, P Zhang, R Zhang, R Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, Z Zhang, X Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, B Zhou, C Zhou, L Zhou, M Zhou, M Zhou, N Zhou, Y Zhou, C G Zhu, H Zhu, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, V Zhulanov, A Zibell, D Zieminska, N I Zimine, S Zimmermann, Z Zinonos, M Zinser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, G Zobernig, A Zoccoli, K Zoch, T G Zorbas, R Zou, M Zur Nedden, L Zwalinski
A search for high-mass resonances decaying to τν using proton-proton collisions at sqrt[s]=13  TeV produced by the Large Hadron Collider is presented. Only τ-lepton decays with hadrons in the final state are considered. The data were recorded with the ATLAS detector and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36.1  fb^{-1}. No statistically significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed; model-independent upper limits are set on the visible τν production cross section. Heavy W^{'} bosons with masses less than 3...
April 20, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755453/clec10a-is-a-specific-marker-for-human-cd1c-dendritic-cells-and-enhances-their-toll-like-receptor-7-8-induced-cytokine-secretion
#11
Lukas Heger, Silke Balk, Jennifer J Lühr, Gordon F Heidkamp, Christian H K Lehmann, Lukas Hatscher, Ariawan Purbojo, Arndt Hartmann, Fayna Garcia-Martin, Shin-Ichiro Nishimura, Robert Cesnjevar, Falk Nimmerjahn, Diana Dudziak
Dendritic cells (DCs) are major players for the induction of immune responses. Apart from plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs), human DCs can be categorized into two types of conventional DCs: CD141+ DCs (cDC1) and CD1c+ DCs (cDC2). Defining uniquely expressed surface markers on human immune cells is not only important for the identification of DC subpopulations but also a prerequisite for harnessing the DC subset-specific potential in immunomodulatory approaches, such as antibody-mediated antigen targeting. Although others identified CLEC9A as a specific endocytic receptor for CD141+ DCs, such a receptor for CD1c+ DCs has not been discovered, yet...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755106/a-rare-case-of-adult-onset-rectosigmoid-hypoganglionosis
#12
Mohammed Yousef Aldossary, Antonio Privitera, Obai Elzamzami, Nemat Alturki, Khalid Sabr
BACKGROUND Intestinal hypoganglionosis is very rare and accounts for 3% to 5% of all classified congenital intestinal innervation disorders. Isolated hypoganglionosis of the colon is a particularly rare form of the disease, and differential diagnosis includes association with Hirschsprung's disease and chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) related to visceral myopathies. Most cases are diagnosed at an early age or in childhood with only a few cases reported in adults. CASE REPORT We report a case of isolated hypoganglionosis of the rectum and sigmoid presenting as an emergency with acute intestinal obstruction in a 20-year-old male patient...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754777/international-validation-of-the-consensus-immunoscore-for-the-classification-of-colon-cancer-a-prognostic-and-accuracy-study
#13
Franck Pagès, Bernhard Mlecnik, Florence Marliot, Gabriela Bindea, Fang-Shu Ou, Carlo Bifulco, Alessandro Lugli, Inti Zlobec, Tilman T Rau, Martin D Berger, Iris D Nagtegaal, Elisa Vink-Börger, Arndt Hartmann, Carol Geppert, Julie Kolwelter, Susanne Merkel, Robert Grützmann, Marc Van den Eynde, Anne Jouret-Mourin, Alex Kartheuser, Daniel Léonard, Christophe Remue, Julia Y Wang, P Bavi, Michael H A Roehrl, Pamela S Ohashi, Linh T Nguyen, SeongJun Han, Heather L MacGregor, Sara Hafezi-Bakhtiari, Bradly G Wouters, Giuseppe V Masucci, Emilia K Andersson, Eva Zavadova, Michal Vocka, Jan Spacek, Lubos Petruzelka, Bohuslav Konopasek, Pavel Dundr, Helena Skalova, Kristyna Nemejcova, Gerardo Botti, Fabiana Tatangelo, Paolo Delrio, Gennaro Ciliberto, Michele Maio, Luigi Laghi, Fabio Grizzi, Tessa Fredriksen, Bénédicte Buttard, Mihaela Angelova, Angela Vasaturo, Pauline Maby, Sarah E Church, Helen K Angell, Lucie Lafontaine, Daniela Bruni, Carine El Sissy, Nacilla Haicheur, Amos Kirilovsky, Anne Berger, Christine Lagorce, Jeffrey P Meyers, Christopher Paustian, Zipei Feng, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Jeroen Dijkstra, Carlijn van de Water, Shannon van Lent-van Vliet, Nikki Knijn, Ana-Maria Mușină, Dragos-Viorel Scripcariu, Boryana Popivanova, Mingli Xu, Tomonobu Fujita, Shoichi Hazama, Nobuaki Suzuki, Hiroaki Nagano, Kiyotaka Okuno, Toshihiko Torigoe, Noriyuki Sato, Tomohisa Furuhata, Ichiro Takemasa, Kyogo Itoh, Prabhu S Patel, Hemangini H Vora, Birva Shah, Jayendrakumar B Patel, Kruti N Rajvik, Shashank J Pandya, Shilin N Shukla, Yili Wang, Guanjun Zhang, Yutaka Kawakami, Francesco M Marincola, Paolo A Ascierto, Daniel J Sargent, Bernard A Fox, Jérôme Galon
BACKGROUND: The estimation of risk of recurrence for patients with colon carcinoma must be improved. A robust immune score quantification is needed to introduce immune parameters into cancer classification. The aim of the study was to assess the prognostic value of total tumour-infiltrating T-cell counts and cytotoxic tumour-infiltrating T-cells counts with the consensus Immunoscore assay in patients with stage I-III colon cancer. METHODS: An international consortium of 14 centres in 13 countries, led by the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer, assessed the Immunoscore assay in patients with TNM stage I-III colon cancer...
May 10, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753028/pituitary-somatolactotropes-evade-an-oncogenic-response-to-ras
#14
Allyson K Roof, Tammy Trudeau, Arthur Gutierrez-Hartmann
Distinct cell types have been shown to respond to activated Ras signaling in a cell-specific manner. In contrast to its pro-tumorigenic role in some human epithelial cancers, oncogenic Ras triggers differentiation of pheochromocytoma cells and medullary thyroid carcinoma cells. Furthermore, we have previously demonstrated that in pituitary somatolactotropes, activated Ras promotes differentiation and is not sufficient to drive tumorigenesis. These findings demonstrate that lactotrope cells have the ability to evade the tumorigenic fate that is often associated with persistent activation of Ras/ERK signaling, and suggest that there may be differential expression of inhibitory signaling molecules or negative cell cycle regulators that act as a brake to prevent the tumorigenic effects of sustained Ras signaling...
May 9, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750862/an-in-vitro-model-of-the-gram-negative-bacterial-cell-envelope-for-investigation-of-anti-infective-permeation-kinetics
#15
Florian Graef, Robert Richter, Verena Fetz, Xabier Murgia, Chiara De Rossi, Nicole Schneider-Daum, Giuseppe Allegretta, Walid A M Elgaher, Jörg Haupenthal, Martin Empting, Felix Beckmann, Mark Brönstrup, Rolf W Hartmann, Sarah Gordon, Claus-Michael Lehr
The cell envelope of Gram-negative bacteria is a formidable biological barrier, inhibiting the action of antibiotics by impeding their permeation into the intracellular environment. In-depth understanding of permeation through this barrier remains a challenge, despite its critical role in antibiotic activity. We therefore designed a divisible in vitro permeation model of the Gram-negative bacterial cell envelope, mimicking its three essential structural elements - the inner membrane, the periplasmic space as well as the outer membrane - on a Transwell® setup...
May 11, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749721/characterization-of-novel-piperidine-based-inhibitor-of-cathepsin-b-dependent-bacterial-toxins-and-viruses
#16
Stella Hartmann, Renae Lopez Cruz, Saleem Alameh, Chi-Lee C Ho, Amy Rabideau, Bradley L Pentelute, Kenneth A Bradley, Mikhail Martchenko
Exploiting the host endocytic trafficking pathway is a common mechanism by which bacterial exotoxins gain entry to exert virulent effects upon the host cells. A previous study identified a small-molecule, 1-(2,6-dimethyl-1-piperidinyl)-3-[(2-isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexyl)oxy]-2-propanol, that blocks the process of anthrax lethal toxin (LT) cytotoxicity. Here, we report the characterization of the bioactivity of this compound, which we named RC1. We found that RC1 protected host cells independently of LT concentration and also blocked intoxication by other bacterial exotoxins, suggesting that the target of the compound is a host factor...
May 18, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748952/disentangling-tourette-syndrome-heterogeneity-through-hierarchical-ascendant-clustering
#17
Elena Cravedi, Emmanuelle Deniau, Marianna Giannitelli, Hugues Pellerin, Virginie Czernecki, Tiphanie Priou, Jean Xavier, Angèle Consoli, Andreas Hartmann, David Cohen
AIM: To explore the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome as part of a neurodevelopmental spectrum. METHOD: Using hierarchical ascendant clustering based on tic symptoms, developmental milestones, and neurodevelopmental comorbidities, we analyzed the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome phenotypes in a sample of 174 children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome referred to a tertiary university clinic. RESULTS: The model yielded three distinct clusters characterized as follows...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748715/restoration-of-an-academic-historical-gross-pathology-collection-refreshed-impact-on-current-medical-teaching
#18
Philip Eichhorn, Udo Andraschke, Fritz Dross, Carol I Geppert, Arndt Hartmann, Tilman T Rau
The declaration of Leiden pronounces the demand to conserve pathological-anatomical collections as cultural heritage. Likewise, the Institute of Pathology of the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg owns macroscopic pathological-anatomical specimens reaching back over 150 years. The purpose of this work is to examine the impact, meaning, and perception of such historical preparations during the current medical curriculum. Additionally, the experiences from the renovation process can be used as a template for other institutes...
May 10, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747443/microsatellite-instability-occurs-rarely-in-patients-with-cholangiocarcinoma-a-retrospective-study-from-a-german-tertiary-care-hospital
#19
Ria Winkelmann, Markus Schneider, Sylvia Hartmann, Andreas A Schnitzbauer, Stefan Zeuzem, Jan Peveling-Oberhag, Martin Leo Hansmann, Dirk Walter
Immune-modulating therapy is a promising therapy for patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Microsatellite instability (MSI) might be a favorable predictor for treatment response, but comprehensive data on the prevalence of MSI in CCA are missing. The aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence of MSI in a German tertiary care hospital. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples, obtained in the study period from 2007 to 2015 from patients with CCA undergoing surgical resection with curative intention at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University hospital, were examined...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747061/serrated-epithelial-colorectal-polyps-hyperplastic-polyps-sessile-serrated-adenomas-with-perineurial-stroma-clinicopathological-and-molecular-analysis-of-a-new-series
#20
Katharina Erlenbach-Wünsch, Michel Bihl, Arndt Hartmann, Gabriel M Groisman, Michael Vieth, Abbas Agaimy
Serrated colorectal fibroblastic polyps (FPs) are rare benign mucosal lesions composed of serrated epithelial crypts separated and distorted by intimately associated bland spindle cell proliferations with perineurial-like phenotype. We herein describe 21 new FPs affecting 10 females and 9 males aged 45 to 80 yrs. (mean, 62 yrs). Lesions originated in the sigmoid colon/rectosigmoid junction (n = 16), rectum (n = 2), and other parts of the colon (n = 3). Most patients had additional synchronous or metachronous polyps: classical adenomas (12 patients), sessile serrated adenoma/SSA (1 patient), hyperplastic polyps/HPs (7 patients), both HPs and adenomas (6 patients) and colorectal cancer (2 patients)...
May 4, 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
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